Newspaper Page Text
THE MAUI NEWS, FRIDAY, AUGUST 3, 1917.
Maui Agricultural Notes
The hens are confined to the yard
until noon in order to make sure that
they will lay in the nests provided in
the chicken house. From noon on
they have free range. The feed is as
follows: Morning, damp mash and
grain; evening grain; dry mush in
hopper before the hens at all times;
and water, oyster shell, grit and char
coal should bo before the hens at nil
times as well as the dry mash.
The damp mash is made as follows:
The quantity being what would be fed
to 100 hens: 1 lbs. dried beet pulp
is soaked for several hours and then
7 lbs. of dry mash is thoioly mixed
with it. The dry mash is what is
known locally as the II. Washburn
r.aldwin mash, because Mr. Baldwin
first used it here, and the Union Feed
Co., Honolulu, sells it by that name.
It consists of 25 lbs. meat scraps, 30
lbs, cornmeal, 30 lbs. middlings, 15 lbs.
bran, and 5 lbs. alfalfa meal, a total
of 105 lbs. 1 use about half th!s and
half middlings to thicken the damp
mash, but in the dry mash hopper use
the mash just as it comes from Hono
lulu. The grain consists of equal parts of
whole corn, whole barely and whole
oats, 7 lbs. would be fed for a hund
red hens in the morning when the
mash is fed, and 10 lbs. at night.
The growing stock, after being put
in the colony houses, is fed the same
feed as the hens, but only about half
the quantity, except that at present,
because of its high price, they do not
get the dry mash in the hopper at all.
They have free range all day.
The total quantity of bought feed
per hen per day is about 4 oz. The
rule has been to feed all they would
clean up promptly, and 4 oz. is what
experience lias shown it amounts to.
The cost of the feed at present is,
dry mash, $3.75 per 100 lbs; oats and
barley $3. per 100 lbs; and beet pulp
$1.60 per 100 lbs; all at Honolulu.
Whole corn is bought from
Maui growers and costs $3.50 per 100
lbs. at the homestead.
During July the record of the flock
of 63 fowls at the homestead was as
Eggs laid, 577, which was a
daily average of 18.5, about
30 percent, of the hens lay
ing each day. These sold
for 65 cents a dozen, and
netted, after commission
and carton were deducted,
53 cents a dozen $25.46
9 lbs. grain at 3.37c. 32c.
4 lbs. mash and
mids. at 3.53c 14
10 oz. beet pulp at 1.6 1
2 lbs. H. W. 13. mash
at 4.05 8
31 days at 55c. 17.05
For labor, interest, risk,
depreciation and profit.. $ 8.41
(This amounts to 13.3 cents per fowl
for the month.)
I do not claim this to be the best
way to feed hens, .but it is what seems
to me to be best for me at this time,
all circumstances considered. I be
lieve I can use some home grown
feeds, particularly pigeon peas, sweet
potatoes, sorghums and cassava, to
advantage when I am in shape to do
some farming. Edwin C. Moore.
Note We want more reports of
practical experience with poultry feed
ing such as Mr. Moore's. There are
many ways of feed'jig hens success
fully an deconomically; an exchange
of experiences and ideas will prove
In his notes on poultry feeding in
last weeks issue of the Maui News
the writer made an important omis
sion in not mentioning milk as a poul
try food. Either fresh or clabbered,
whole or skimmed, it may be fed with
great benefit to fowl, either alone or
mixed with mashes, especially those
low in protein. F. G. K.
Mites As A Probable Cause Of New
Irish potatoes growing in dry and
hot situations are frequently seen to
gradually dry up and die. The trouble
is first noticed on the new growth and
the young leaves wh'.ch turn brown
on the under surface, become abnor
mally fuzzy and twist or curl up. The
plants may grow well until about the
time of flowering, then gradually dry
up and die before their time.
The young leaves are attacked by a
multitude of mites so small as to be
scarcely seen with a hand lens. These
minute pests suck the juices of the
tender foliage and ultimately kill it.,
This mite disease was first noticed
early in May, 1917, and. for some time
the cause of the trouble was overlook
ed. A few preliminary experiments
have shown that the trouble can be
almost if not entirely prevented by
dusting the plants while fine sulphur
with a dust blower such as is used
for applying insect powders, or if a
spray material is desired for use with
the Fpray pump use a lime sulphur
A lime sulphur spray which has given
good results in the preliminary tests
in controlling the mite disease is
easily prepared as follows: For large
operations take 5 lbs. of sulphur and 5
lbs. of quick lime and boil for about
one hour in 3 or 4 gallons of water.
It is desirable to boil the mixture un
1 11 the lime and sulphur unite into a
clear brown liquid (the so called sul
phid of lime). Dilute this liquid to
loo gallons. For small garden patch
es a small quantity of the lime sul
phur spray can be made as follows:
Take one ounce of sulphur and one
ounce ot quick lime and boil in a guart
of water for about one hour or until
the two ingredients unite into a clear
brown liquid. Make up to five quarts.
An old sauce pan or kettle should be
used for boiling this rather mussy
Watch the plants carefully and ns
soon as any of the small new leaves
show signs of turning brown on the
under surface spray the entire surface
and especially the young leaves of all
the potato plants in the field with the
lime sulphur spray or dust the plants
with dry sulphur. The operation
should be repeated about every two
Some gradeners have mistaken this
mite trouble, a summer complaint at
tacking the potato under rather un
favorable growing condit'ons, for the
Late might disease which is a cool
and wet weather disease. They have
remarked that Bordeaux mixture was
of no use. It should be remembered
that Bordeaux is not a cure all for
every disease. It is a remarkable pre
ventative spray for fungus foliage
blights. Sulphur likewise is not a
cure-all but it is valuable for destroy
In general it is to be recommended
that Irish potatoes be planted sulli
ciently early in the spring to mature
before the dry hot weather of summer
sets in. This cool weather crop does
not yield as well in dry, hot situations
even if insects and disease be controll
ed C. W. CARPENTER, Pathologist.
Note Mr. Carpenter's discovery is
an important one. Especially at this
tme when a vigorous spraying cam
paign is to be undertaken is it im
portant that we know definately
whether we are treating for "blight",
a potato disease which can be controed
by Bordeaux, or whether we are deal
ing with this newly discovered pest,
the mite, upon which sulphur as a
powder ,or the lime-sulphur spray ap
pears to be entirely effective as a
means of control. F. G. K.
already been proved highly successful
when thoroughly done. We trust you
may see fit to co-operate with us' in
this important work.
As an incentive to the planting of
better seed potatoes the Food Com
mission has purchased a quantity of
choice certified Burbank potatoes for
distribut'on among responsible pota
to growers. The conditions under
which the seed Is to be distributed is
that the grower returns to the Com
miss'KJn a like quantity of seed at the
end of the growing season. Likewise
that he agrees to spray the crop ade
quately during the growing season.
Also that the planting be made a com
parative test with such seed as he
may ordinarly plant. In so far as our
seed stock may last, it is proposed
to allow a bag of seed for each acre
put in by the grower, the limit to any
one grower being five bags. Seed is
available from now on.
Kindly advise us if you are interested.
Will Give Away Seed Potatoes
The territorial marketing division
is sending out the following letter to
reliable farmers on Maui:
The Territorial Food Commissions
Maui County Agent has under way an
Agricultural or Crop Survey of the
Island. We would very much appreci
ate ycur filling in the enclosed card
as an aid to the work in hand.
The County Agricultural Agent de
sires to be of the greatest aid possible
to the farmers or - he community, and
would be glad to be advised of any
fssi.stance he can render in further
ing the agricultural interests of the
At this time the Territorial Food
Commission, in co-operation with the
Hawaii Experiment Station is plan
ning a campaign for better potato cul
ture and more of it. The project will
include the introduction of better seed
stocks than are now generally planted,
and especially the encouragement to
systematically spray the potato crop
against blight. This last practice has
Worms In Fowl And Pigs
In its agricultural notes several
weeks ago, the Maui News published
an article on the treatment of worms
in fowl. Since the above was written a
Hock of young Leghorns has received
the tobacco treatment and apparent
ly with good success. Most chicks
eat the tobacco readily if other food is
withdrawn for 24 hours. Our method
of treatment is to allow a heaping tea-
spoonful of tobacco for each fowl, or
say a forth pound for forty b'.rds. This
Is ground and mixed with their mash
feed, which Is fed at 2 o'clock in the
afternoon. Two hours later a tea
spoonful of Epson salts is fed to each
six fowl which are kept in especially
constructed crates, the bottom being
made of poultry netting to permit the
fowls' droppings to pass through and
out of reach, thus preventing recon
tanination. All worms thus far pass
ed were found dead.
Worms in hogs are even more pro
levant than in fowl. Undoubtedly
many unthrifty herds, especially in
young stock, could bo traced to worms.
Authorities tell us that more swine
die from worm infestation than from
hog cholera. It therefore behooves
the hog ra'ser to look well for this
source of avoidable loss. Terhaps the
simplest remedy and the one most
commonly used by practical hogmen
is turpentine. Food should be with
held from the pigs to be treated for
at least one meal and preferably for
21 hours, especially if they have the
run of pasture. Make up an appetiz
ing wet mash to this add one teaspoon
ful spirits of turpentine (ordinary
turpentine will do) for each one hund
red pounds weight of pigs treated.
Itepeat this treatment throe days in
success'on. The worms will begin to
pass from now on and while most of
them will bo dead, it is well to gather
all droppings to prevent recontaml
nation. The Rub-Stallon at Haiku would ap
preciate learning the resulls of anyone
trying these treatment. F. O. K.
Entered Of Record
CAROLINA S FEREIRA (widow) to
Jose Abreu, int in Ap 1 of R P 5287,
Kul 3261, Wailuku, Maui, July 26,
KAWAHA (w) to Daniel Hanakahi, int
in R Ps 2549 & 1988, Pauwela, Ko
olau, Maul, July 21, 1917. $1 &
MRS LUIKA KEKALIA to William
Thompson, 13 int in 11 A of R P
1219, Kanaio, Wailuku, Maui, July 9,
ANDREW B KUIEK to Lahaina Agr
ctl Co., Ltd, por Kul 477, Ap 1, La
haine, Maui, July 28, 1917. $250.
HAROLD W. RICE & WF. to Etta W.
Sloggett, por. R. P. 4388, Kul. Ap.
20, Kula. Maui, .Tulv 6, 1917. $983.
SUSAN B. ANDREWS (widow) to
James H. Raymond et al. Trs. of Gr.
1226 & int. in Gr. 2620, Honaula,
Maul, July 25, 1917. $600.
Might Start Trouble.
"Do you think your townspeople
will give you any banquets?"
"Not if I can head 'em of," replied
Senator Sorghum. "I don't want to
get with a crowd and sit right down
in front of a reminder of the high-cost-of-living
problem." Washington Star.
The lady bank-clerk had completed
her first week, and a friend asked her
how she liked the work. "Oh, it's
beautiful!" said the girl. "I'm af a
branch where nearly all the people we
know have accounts, and it's so nice
to see how little money some of your
friends have in the bank!" Manchest
iii'i ' l
No coal, wood or ashes to lug. No waiting for
the fire to burn up.
Meals in a jiffy and a cool kitchen all the time.
Bakes, broils, roasts, toasts. Better cooking be-'
cause of the steady, evenly-distributed heat.
More convenient than a wood or coal stove for
all the year 'round cooking, and more econom
ical. The long blue chimneys prevent all smoke and
Smell. In 1, 2, 3 and 4 burner sizes, with
or without ovens. Also cabinet
models. Ask your dealer today.
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
Rflatson Navigation Co.
1917 Passenger Schedule 1917
(SUBJECT TO CHANGE)
Maui . ...
Manoa . .
Maui . ...
Manoa . .
Manoa . .
Maul . ....
Manoa . . ,
Maul . ....
Manoa . ..
Matsonia. . ,
Manoa . .
Leave Arrive Leave Arrive
San , , , . San
Fr'sco Honolulu Honolulu Fr'sco
Tue Jun 19 Tue Jun 26 Tuo July 3 Tue July 10
Thu Jun 28 Wed July 4 Wed July 11 Tue July 17
Tue Julv 3 Tue July 10 Tue July 17 Tue July 24
Thu July 12 Wed July 38 Wed July 25 Tue July 31
Tue July 17 Tue July 21 Tue July 31 Tue Aug 7
Thu July 26 Wed Aug 1 Wed Aug 8 Tue Aug 14
Tue July 31 Tue Aug 7 Tue Aug 14 Tue Aug 21
Thu Aug 9 Wed Aug 15 Wed Aug 22 Tue Aug 28
Tue Aug 14 Tue Aug 21 Tuo Aug 28 Tue Sept 4
Thu Aug 23 Wed Aug 29 Wed Sept 5 Tue Sept 11
Tue Aug 28 Tue Sept 4 Tue Sept 11 Tue Sept 18
Thu Sept 6 Wed Sept 12 Wed Sept 19 Tue Sept 25
Tue Sept 11 Tue Sept 18 Tue Sept 25 Tue Oct 2
Thu Sept 20 Wed Sept 26 Wed Oct 3 Tue Oct 9
Tue Sept 25 Tue Oct 2 Tue Oct 9 Tue Oct 16
Thu Oct 4 Wed Oct 10 Wed Oct 17 Tue Oct 23
Tue Oct 9 Tue Oct 16 Tue Oct 23 Tue Oct 30
Thu Oct 18 Wed Oct 24 Wed Oct 31 Tue Nov 6
Tue Oct 23 Tue Oct 30 Tue Nov 6 Tue Nov 13
Thu Nov 1 Wed Nov 7 Wed Nov 14 Tue Nov 20
Tue Nov 6 Tue Nov 13 Tue Nov 20 Tue Nov 27
Thu Nov 15 Wed Nov 21 Wed Nov 28 Tue Dec 4
Tuo Nov 20 Tuo Nov 27 Tuo Doc 4 Tue Doc 11
Thu Nov 29 Wed Dec 5 Wed Dec 12 Tue Dec 18
Tue Dec 4 Tue Dec 11 Tue Dec 18 Tue Dec 25
Thu Dec 13 Wed Dec 19 Wed Dec 26 Tue Jan 1
Tuo Dec 18 Tuo Dec 25 Tue Jan 1 Tue Jan 8
Thu Dec 27 Wed Jan 2 Wed Jan 9 Tue Jan 15
U.ime Sable"3ialialui Slailroad Co.
Daily Passenger Train Schedule (Except Sunday)
The following schedule went into effect June 4th, 1913.
PM j P M
5 33 3 3
5 23 3 2
5 20 3 17
5 3 07
5 9,3 05
5 002 55
4 52 a 7
4 5i 2 46
4 45 40
4 44 39
4 40.2 35
42 6 35
A.. Wailuku.. L
.. Kaliului ..
h" Spreck- "A
a:; e"vi:!c :
L" H.m.- "A
.. Pauwela ..
L.. Haiku ..A
6 50 9 oi! 1
6 52 ...
7 02 ....
7 03 ...
7 17 -
P M P M
' 423 47
' 53 3 58
2 05 4 10
a o7 4
a 144 19
a 15 4 20
2 23 4 28
2 25 4 30
a 30,4 35
TOWARDS PUUNENE TOWARDS KAHULUI
S 1 j 2 t 4
Pestemer fmimir !" STATIONS itiacJ Pawner P.tttti
JL !L..Kahulul..A- !LM "
2 50 6 00 .0 APuunen.T 2.5 6 22 3 15
3 00 6 10 2.5 A"Puunene"L Q 6 12 3 05
1. All .trains daily except Sundays.
2. A Special Train (Labor Train) will leave Wailuku daily, except Sundays,
at 5:30 a. m., arriving at Kahulul at 5:50 a. m., and connecting with
the 6:00 a. m. train for Puunene.
3. BAGGAGE RATES: 150 pounds of personal baggage will be carried free
of charge on each whole ticket, and 75 pounds on each half ticket, when
baggage Is in charge of and on the same train as the holder of the ticket.
For excess baggage 25 cents per 100 pounds or part thereof will be
For Ticket Fares and other Information see Local Tassenger Tariff I. C. C.
No. 3, or inquire at any of the Depots.
Wailuku Construction and Drayage Co., Ltd.
TRANSFERING AND DRAYING
Have You Ever Heard of the Hawaiian Foui negation?
IT IS A TRUST ORGANIZED FOR THE BENEFIT OF ALL, THE FEOPLE OF THE COMMUNITY.
SOME PEOPLE HAVE NO ONE TO WHOM THEY CARE TO LEAVE THEIR PROPERTY.
OTHERS DO NOT KNOW TO WHOM THEY SHOULD LEAVE THEIR PROPERTY SO THAT THE INCOME SHOULD DO THE MOST GOOD.
THE HAWAIIAN FOUNDATION WILL USE THE INCOME DERIVED FROM THE MONIES LEFT TO IT FOR EDUCATIONAL, CHARITABLE AND
OR FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE WHICH YOU DESIRE.
IF YOU ARE INTERESTED WRITE LfS AND WE WILL SEND YOU A BOOKLET ON THIS SUBJECT.
awaiian Trust Company, .Limite
Honolulu, T. H.
(CAPITAL AND SURPLUS OVER $450,000.)
Stock and Bond Department Real Estate Department Insurance Department Safe Deposit Vaults
Authorized by Law to act as Executors, Trustees, Administrators and Guardians.
OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS:
E. D. TENNEY, President
J. R. GALT, Treasurer
C. II. COOKE, Vice-President GEO. R. CARTER, 2nd Vice-President
II. II. WALKER, Assistant Treasurer S. G. WILDER, Secretary
F. C. ATUERTON, Director
R. B. ANDERSON, Director
C. II. ATUERTON, Director