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THE MAUI NEWS FRIDAY, AUGUST 10, 1917.
THE MAUI NEWS
Entered at the Post Office at Wailuku, Maul, Hawaii, as second-class matter.
A Republican Paper Published in the Interest of the People
Issued Every Friday.
MAUI PUBLISHING COMPANY, LIMITED,
Proprietors and Publisher
SuBSCiirtioN Rates, $2.50 per Year in Advance.
WILL. J. COOPER, ! : : EDITOR AND MANAGER
FRIDAY : : : AUGUST 10, 1917
TINKERING WITH THE LAND LAWS
It is to be hoped that Governor Finkham, in his efforts to have the
territorial land laws changed more to his liking, has not started some
thing that he cannot stop. There is always a strong disposition on the
part of congressmen to look askance at any proposed legislation for Ha
waii in which there might be any possible chance that plantation interests
would profit. Therefore it is not altogether surprising to learn that
the measure advocated by Land Commissioner Rivenburgh in Washing
ton a few weeks ago should have precipitated a move exactly opposed
to what asked for by the local administration.
Governor Finkham's land measure docs not have popular backing
in Hawaii. On the other hand Representative Martin's (of Louisiana)
resolution in congress directing the secretary of the interior to prepare
for settlement all government land in the Islands upon which leases
arc shortly to expire, and specifically prohibiting the re-leasing, on any
terms, any land to corporations owning over 1000 acres, might be even
more mischievous. I he Governor is doubtless honest in his skepticism
regarding homesteading in the territory, and in his desire to prevent the
exploitation of the public lands that still remain. On the other hand the
throwing open of large areas for settlement, as is suggested by the con
gressional resolution, would be the surest means of getting these
lands into corporation hands. It is to be hoped that a mean between the
two will be worked out.
Homesteading in Hawaii is not a failure. On the contrary, much
of the discouraging pioneering has been done and the outlook for the
future homesteader is particularly bright. But the desired result can
not be attained at one stroke, nor it it likely to be arrived at through
ihe Governor's plan of picking out before hand the desirable from the
undesirable, and of saying who shall or who shall not take up home
steads, or when or where. ,
It should be made easy for any American citizen to become a home
steader, but it should be made impossible for anyone to obtain title to
any government land until he has proven his ability to make his living
on it and his willingness to make it his home. Everything possible should
be done to help a homesteader to succeed, but success should be the sole
condition of fee simple title. A settler has a right to expect his land
at a nominal price in money and on terms as easy as necessary. The
government has a right to expect in return a full measure of intelligent
and honest effort. The homesteader has a right to expect good roaxls,
necessary water development, and scientific and energetic aid in solving
the problems relating to growing and marketing his crops. The govern
ment should expect increased values for taxation and a contented and
The present land laws of Hawaii are faulty, but Governor Pink
ham's bill is scarcely less so. The plan of Representative Martin, from
what we have heard of it, would be a quick way to get rid of the public
lands with nothing to show for it.
Governor Thanks Volunteer
Draft Registration Workers
To All Who Participated In Great Registration Work On July 31, 1917:
As Governor of the Territory, and the one responsible to President
Wilson, and the Trovost Marshal General for the success or failure of the
Registration of men between the ages of twenty-one and thirty-one, I desire
to express my thanks to every person who contributed towards the success
of yesterday's event, no matter In how small a capacity.
It was only through the combined efforts of one and all that it was
possible for the Central Board to wireless to Washington before midnight
last night practically the total results of the day's work. This, I believe is
a record that every one in Hawaii may be justly proud of. A record, I am
informed, that puts this Territory in advance of any unit in the Onion.
Were it possible for me to do so, I would willingly write a personal
letter of thanks to every man, woman and child in the Territory, who had
any part in the Registration task. This, however, is an impossibility own
ing to the fact that the number is so very large.
I therefore take this means to again express my thanks and appreciation.
LUCIUS E. FINKHAM,
Governor of Hawaii.
FOOD COMMISSION SHAKE-UjZ
The shake-up in the territorial food commission resulting in the
resignation of Dr. Dean, as executive, may be for the best. In spite
oi its paid publicity bureau the public has been left to guess at what
the pilikia was. It is reported that Dr. Dean lacked "ginger," which is
probably as good a guess as any. Senator A. L. Castle, who is nominally
the new executive, together with his active assistant J. F. Child, it is
confidently predicted, will soon remedy this complaint.
The new administration starts in by abolishing its publicity depart
ment; which isn't so easily understood when presumably its measure
of success depends directly upon the closeness of its touch with the
people of the Islands.
The work of the commission up to the present time, however, should
not for a moment be considered a failure. It has taken no radical steps,
it is true ,but for the very good reason perhaps that no such moves seem
ed warranted or practicable. But its work in establishing the system
of county agents and marketing agents is along right lines and, given
time, is certain to bear fruit. Nor did it over-do the publicity end of its
work. There are plenty of intelligent persons on all hands who havn't
jet had their eyes opened to their personal responsibility on account
of this war. The commission should not overlook the fact that its work
is along educational rather than police lines.
Keep The Law
Captain McNab, of the Twenty-fifth
Infantry, spoke out plainly and sens
ibly at the recent board of trade meet
ing when he declared that something
must be done to put an end to the
soldiers getting booze from either
blind pigs or at luaus, where they, as
the guests of honor, evidently have
the pleasure of putting up the money
.vith which booze is purchased.
Every decent man in Hilo recogniz
es the fact that there is a law in force
against selling booze to men In uni
form. That the law does not clearly
state that the liquor cannot be "given"
to the soldiers, should cut no ice with
those people who are desirous of see
ing the United States army at its best
in these stirring times. Booze is no
good to soldier or civilian at any
time, but when there is a distinct law
which says that men in uniform shall
not drink, then it is up to everybody
to help out Uncle Sam as much as
possible and not to quibble and dodge
around behind technicalities.
The fact that the law seems to work
out rather badly, in as much as the
toloiers may now partake of swip-V
and other rotten ttuff instead of gooi,
wholesome beer, makes no difference
7.L? law i pasded and it. in up to
everybody to asn in the keeying it.
A COMMUNITY KEYSTONE
The Maui County Fair & Racing Association is to be congratulat
ed on its decision to take charge of organized base ball and other forms
of athletics on Maui. The action is mutually beneficial. It eliminates
the not overly strong Maui Athletic Association, gains for itself the
support of the smaller organization's membership, and at the same time
gives to decent sports a dignity and place in the community that they
could not otherwise have.
For the time being the athletic department will probably confine
itself to the base ball series now being played, but there is no good
reason why it should not soon reach out to organize other sports through
suitable committees tennis, bowling, etc. thus giving them a firmer
place in the community also.
The people of Maui are beginning to appreciate the fact that in the
Maui County Fair & Racing Association they have an organization
that may bind the community together for the common good as nothing
has ever done before.
When an occasional letter with a 5-cent stamp on it reaches
the Islands local folk feel a little sorry for some poor $l0-a-week
stenographer who had to go to work in her first year in highschool
to to support a widowed mother. But when the registrar of the Louisiana
state university, questioning the citizenship of a young Hawaii-born
Chinese writes make application to the American consul in the band
wich Islands," to have his birth certificate vised the promotion commit
lee should blush with chagrin. There is comfort in remembering, how
ever, that some educators' heads ossify quite early in life and they never
are able to learn anything new thereaiter. 1 he younger generation
doesn't have to be told that the Hawaiian Islands became a part and
parcel of the United States seventeen years ago with full territorial
Everybody seems to agree that the order cutting off booze to the
soldiers and sailors is a hne thing. H hich suggests the question wherein
does a soldier differ from a civilian?
A Time For Vigilence -
With the apparent success of
anthrax control there should be no re
laxation of effort to ascertain definit
ely whether the visitation in these is
lands was due to malicious agency.
At first generally believed to be in
credible, the thing is now seen to ba
possible from the happenings in main
land sections. The arrest of a man
at Salt Lake on the charge of selling
court plaster impregnated with -lock
jaw germs should be taken as warn
ing everywhere. Domestic enemies in
Klamath county, Oregon, lately poib
oned livestock valued at $150,000, be
sides which incendiary fires destroy
ed a flour mill valued at $150,000, a
dairy worth $15,000, another dairy
worth $2000 and other buUdings. The
fact that the same dispatch telling of
these outrages, from Klamath Falls,
reports both the Jailing of 35 alleged
members of the I. W. W. and a de
crease of attempts to destroy property
may indicate that the miscreants are
merely enemies of society and not
allies of the forces of world-coveting
Massage Treatment in Your Own Home.
Phone, HATANAKA, WAILUKU, for Appointment.
Be On Your Guard
From half a dozen Western States
have come official announcements of
the discovery of court plaster treated
with the bacilli of teanus, or lockjaw.
one of the deadliest and most venem-
ous poisons procurable, death from
which is accompanied wtth excruciat
ing agonies. In nearly every instance,
the poisoned court plaster was bought
from itinerant peddlers. There is no
reason why the ones who brought
anthrax culture here will not bring
lockjaw, cholera or typhus here also.
Every resident should be on guard. In
purchasing court plaster or anything
else, only reputable dealers should be
patronized. These days, with an
enemy about who is wholly unscrupul
ous, death lurks in many places. The
snake has entered the Eden of Hawaii
NEXT SCHOOL YEAR
BEGINS SEPT. 10, 1917.
Application for admission should
be made early.
For Application Blanks and
complete information address:
E. C. WEBSTER, Pres.,
Honolulu, T. H.
Sympathy For Foe Is Not Treason
Wailuku, Maui, T. H.
August 4, 1917.
Editor Maui News,
I think that Americans will join
with me in an anxious hope that Mr.
G. R. Carter was misquoted in the
wireless message of August 2, which
makes him say: "Anyone now sym
pathizing with Germans are traitors
to America and should be regarded as
such." Sympathy in all men is a
divine impulse, the restraint of which
means the destruction of the moral
self, and from its very nature it trans
cends boundaries of race, of nationali
ty, and of belief. No people is broad
er in its sympathies than the nation
which was founded in the conception
that all men are created free and
equal, and which has grown great be
cause of the acceptance of this ideal
by men of every race.
If we could descend to sanction the
words quoted above, our entrance in
to the war would be vain indeed, for
if we accept the principle that an
enemy is removed from the pale of
human sympathy, the crimes against
humanity against which our declara
tion of war was a final protest are
justified by our own words. Such a
statement as that attributed to Mr.
Carter is the blood brother of the ter
rible hymn of hate of the earlier days
of the war, and its acceptance would
lead us to the performance of those
atrocities which are the most terrible
indictment of a nation which the pres
ent or the future can find.
Fortunately, from the words of our
first declaration of war onward,
America has kept herself above this
hatred. It is the Imperial Govern
ment, and not the people, of Germany
against whom we are warring, and
the men who are forming our armies
are aware of and thankful for that
fact. I hold a steadfast belief that
America is capable of making the
nearest approach to humane warfare
that is humanly possible.
That we are not alone in the reali
zation that we have duties above those
to our country's military success, I
think the following quotation from the
address of Lord Hugh Cecil in the
British House of Commons on June
26th last will show:
"But I go further. I think a great
many people have ceased to care
about religion and care more profound
ly about their country. They are al
ready embarked upon the path down
which Germany has gone. My hon.
friend said that the safety of the pub
lic is the supreme law. It is profound
ly untrue. If the safety of the public
is the supreme law, the sinking of the
Lusitanla was right, and the bombing
of towns and the killing of children
would be right. The safety of the pub
lic is not the supreme law. The Di
vine will is the supreme law, I earn
estly hope that we will adhere to the
old doctrine that, much as we love
our country, we love something bet
ter, and that when an appeal is made
to that our answer is dear, firm, and
If we would make the attempt to
"make war for the sake of humanity"
it is incumbent upon us to try our
thoughts and actions more deeply
than we have ever done before; and
if we would keep ourselves and our
country unstained by the terrible
crimes against humanity at which the
world is now aghast, we must strive
to our very utmost to free our minds
from injustice and our hearts from
I am very sincerely,
JOEL B. COX.
GOMES-REIS In Honolulu, August 6,
1917. August P. Gomes of Honolulu
and Miss Eva Reis of Wailuku,
Maui. Rev. Father Maxlmin Alff,
provincial of the Catholic Mission,
officiating; witnesses John J. Cald
elra and Miss Carrie P. Gomes.
GENERAL ELECTRIC CO.
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