Newspaper Page Text
THE MAUI NEWS, FRIDAY, AUGUST 24, 1917.
Many Want Lands
When Leases Expire
Three Settlement Associations Already
Formed To Take l!p Lands On Kauai
And Hawaii Many Leases Soon
Leases on several large tracts of
government land to expire within a
year or two have stirred prospective
settlers to making applications to the
local land office Xor settlement ol the
lands in question, which, if granted,
will change condillons materia'ly on
several big Hawaiian plantations.
The nearest lease of any consequ
ence to expire is that of Wailuaka
tract in the Lihue district, Kauai ,now
under control of the Lihue Plantation.
The lease, from which the Territory
has been deriving the mere bagatelle
of $1200 a year rental, expires on Oc
tober 1 next. The tract contains 17,
Three settlement associations have
already been formed in Kauai and
they have petitioned the public lands
office and the territorial land board to
divide the tract into eighty-acre lots,
so that each member may secure a
The next big government land tract
whose lease is to expire shortly is
that of the Walakea Land, Hilo, Ha
waii, covering an area of 95,000 acres
and which brings the government hut
$300 a year. In Hilo, also, there is
the big Piihunua lease, held by John
T. Baker, containing 56,700 acres,
present rental $2000 a year. The Wal
akea lease expires on June 1, 1918, and
that of Piihunua on March 21, 1921.
With the throwing open to public
settlement of these two huge tracts,
Hilo, it has been said more than once,
will have the opportunity to grow and
expand to an extent that it hopes
and expects to shortly rival Honolulu.
A. A. Cs Now Lead
In Local Series
Last Sunday's Game Didn't Amount
To Much Hawaii's And Japanese
Tie And Game Called In Seventh
Standing Of The Teams
W. L. Pet.
A. A. C 5 2 .714
Hawaii 4 2 .667
Portuguese . ... 4 2 .6C7
Japanese 1 4 .200
Chinese 1 5 .163
In, the first game last Sunday be
ween the Hawaiis and Japanese neith
er claimed the game. The game was
called off on the 7th inning by Umpire
Cummings when the score was 11 to
11 to give way for the second game.
The second game was a loose one
by the A. A. Cs and Chinese wheen
the former won by 21 to 14.
There will be no league games Sun
day as the time will be taken- up for
the special series with the Hilo Jap
Dry Weather May
Make Sick Babies
An unusual amount of illness among
young babies on Maui has led some of
the local physicians to suspect that
the water supply is back of the trou
ble. "The unusual drought may have
had the effect of concentrating the
organic matter in the water to such
an extent that it effects young chil
dren when mixed with their milk,"
said one doctor in speaking of the
matter. Other persons have suggest
ed that an undue amount of mineral
salts in the water, due to the dry
weather, may be at the bottom of the
The remedy, if this is the trouble,
is to use distilled water (not boiled)
for mixing the mirk of young chil
dren. PASSENGERS DEPARTED
Ey steamer Mauna Kea, Aug. 20.
From Lahaina: H. 13. Drown, wife and
child. Miss Cunningham, Chock Hoy,
C. E. Chatterton, K. Kurosawa, E. B
Carley, Mrs. Mookinl and child, Miss
Apo, Miss Al, J. H. Wells and wife, C.
A. Rawlins, Maggie Rawlins, Mrs. A
moy. Miss Amoy, W, A. Baldwin,
Master Baldwin, E. F. Deinert. Father
Anthansius, A. S. Medeiros, W. Young,
Mrs. Towers and five children, J.
Knudsen, Ed. Brown, J. L. Osmer, J.
MacKenzle, J. Furioka and wife.
Father Allianasius, of Makawao, is
in Honolulu cm business this week.
J. D. McVeigh, superintendent of
the Molokai settlement, was a visitor
to Honolulu the first of this week.
Miss Agnes Judd, of Honolulu, Is
the guest of Mrs. J. O'Brien, of Kul
aha this week.
Mrs. A. E. Larimer, of Honolulu, re
turned homo last Saturday after a 5
weeks visit with Mrs. Stanley Livings
ton, at Kuiaha.
Mr .and Mrs. II. W. Rice went to
Honolulu last Saturday to attend the
Kauai-Army polo game. They may not
be home until next week.
J. A. M. Johnson, of the Sehuninn
Carriage Company, spent several days
the first part of the week on Maui.
He was spending a brief vacation.
Miss Lizzie Kalino returned to Wai
luku last Monday night from Hawaii
where she visited friends in Hilo and
elsewhere for several weeks.
County Engineer Joel Cox returned
on Tuesday from Honolulu where he
spent several days last week visiting
E. V. Deinert, chief pump engineer
of the H. C. & S. Co., was a passenger
to Honolulu on business, last Monday
Ralph A. Villiers, of the First Na
tional Bank, Honolulu, who spent a
short vacation visiting his parents
Rev. and Mrs. J. C. Villiers, of Wai
luku, returned to Honolulu on Sundav.
L. von Tcmpsky and daughter Miss
von Tempsky, returned last week from
a several months trip through the
mainland. They report a delightful
Clarence A. Rawlins, of the typo
graphical force of the Star-Bulletin,
spent a short vacation on Maui last
week, returning to Honolulu on Wed
nesday. A jolly party of up-country people
left last Saturday night for the Vol
cano to he gone a week. In the party
were W. S. Nicoll, Miss Mary Barton,
Scott Nicoll, Stanford Walker, and
Captain Robert P. Harbold, who un
til recently was inspector and Instruc
tor of the National Guard on Maui,
has been promoted to major, accord
ing to a wireless received early in the
Mrs. E. B. Carley, of Paia was a re
turning passenger by the Wilhelmina,
which reached Honolulu on Tuesday.
She was accompanied by Mrs. S. J.
Carley, mother of E. B. Carley, who
will make her home in Maui.
W. A. Baldwin, manager of the Hai
ku Fruit & Packing Company, accom
panied by his young son, were pas
sengers to Honolulu on Monday night.
They may stay over for the polo game
M. J. Lewis, mechanical expert of
the American Can Company, who has
been at Haiku for the past several
weeks superintending the making of
a run of cans, returned to Honolulu
last Saturday. He was accompanied
by his wife.
Mr. and Mrs. Augustine Enos of
Wailuku, who have been visiting in
the city the past week as the guests
of Mr. and Mrs. L. A. Perry, Kinau
Street, expect to leave in the Mauna
Kea tomorrow morning for their Maui
home, accompanied by their daughter.
R. C. Bowman, vocational instructor
of the Maui public schools, returned
Tuesday from Honolulu where he
directed the manual trailing course at
the teachers' summer school. He was
accompanied by Mrs. Bowman, who
returned some weeks ago from the
mainland where she visited for several
Hilo Youth Invents
Device For Airplane
HILO, Aug. 18. That Hilo has a
prominent inventive genius came to
light yesterday when it was learned
that Roy Walker, who has been in
the employ of Brewer & Co. in the
capacity of clerk, had all but com
pleted a valuable invention in con
nection with the aeroplane, before
he left on the Mauna Kea for Hono
lulu, yesterday afternoon whence
he will sail for Washington for the
purpose of placing his invention be
fore government officials with a view
of presenting it to the government.
Hie news came as a great sur
prise as the information had been
withheld from even his Intimate
friends, and only under difficuties
was he induced to speak of his sue
cess, and then making but brief
reference to his great accomplish
ment. He will stop in Chicago where
his patent attorney will join him
after which they will both proceed to
Walker will endeavor to secure a
position in the aviation corps where
he in desiioiis of being first to dem
onstrate his invention.
How War Necessity
Everybody who knows anything at
all about high explosives knows that
potash is an ingredient of powder
particular of the old-fashioned black
powder still used in sharpnel. More
over, the chief American source from
which potash is derived also holds
acetone, which, in turn is the chief
solvent in the manufacture of smoke
less powder, used today by all the
armies of the world. Without an as
surance of potash and acetone In ab
undance within its own boundaries,
the United States could ill afford to
go to war.
Today, we are told py Edward
Hungerford, writing in the Saturday
Evening Post, the United States has
this assurance, secured through the
scientific development of one of the
very largest of its war brides. It was
sudden necessity that gave to us the
very thing which we had been slowly
and ineffectually groping lor years.
The war bride in this case had been
given large contracts for smokeless
powder and cordite, among other ex
plosives. Cordite is a British specialty.
English gunners depend upon it prim
arily to smash the Hindenburg line.
And the first thing England, on enter
ing the war, asked of America was
whether she could fill a contract for
two million pounds of the stuff.
"Pass it up," advised rivals of the
concern that took the contract. "It
will give you no end of trouble. It's
the most rigidly tested propellant in
the world. It's got to drive a sixteen
pound shell sixteen hundred and forty
Ove feet a second or the British gov
ernment will reject the whole lot.
Twelve feet a second off and you will
have a hundred-thousand-pound batch
turned back as waste."
On the other hand, the contract
bade fair to become a $25,000,000 pro
position, and, we read, the company
began experimenting, with the result
that its sales manager sought out E.
R. Stettinius, of the Morgans, who had
the placing of the contract, and offer
ed to deliver two million pounds of
cordite within a certain time or forfeit
a bond. At that time the total pro
duction of acetone in this country had
not exceeded seven million pounds,
and the contract in question would
call for six hundred thousand pounds.
Stettinius was skeptical, especially
when the powder makers offered to
develop a new method 'for making
acetone and to draw their supply from
a source hitherto unknown. Says Mr.
"Conferences follow; the cable was
put to work. It brought back from
oversea this astounding proposition:
" 'We, also, need acetone from this
Unknown mythical source of yours.
Supply us with enough to make
twenty-four million pounds of cordite1
over here and you can make twenty
four million pounds of cordite over
there on the sole understanding that
every last pound of acetone be deriv
ed from a source not now available."
". . .It was a real problem. The old-
fashioned way of making acetone, the
way by which the United States deriv
ed its commercial output in ordinary
years, was by the dry distillation of
icetate of lime, which, in turn, is a
product of the dry distillation of wood.
But this was the method expressly
forbidden by the contract. A second
possibility was to erect a plant by a
good water power somewhere for
legal reasons at a point like the Ca
nadian side of Niagara Falls and
there manufacture acetone from car
bide by a synthetic process patented
and perfected by the Germans. But
that method was complicated. And
there-was not enough carbide.
"Then someone had suggested vine
gar. And after his associates were
done with their laughing comments,
saying that there were not enough
vinegar-making plants in the entire
United States to make, combined, the
fourteen million pounds necessary
for the great cordite contract, it was
decided that the powder company
should build a vinegar plant that was
big enough; and its sales manager re
turned to Mr. Stettinius and signed
the contract "
The ordinary process of making vin
egar is to place fermenting fruit Juices
or alcohol in a wooden generator, fill
ed with beech shavings. Fresh liquor
is fed in from the top; air is let in at
the bottom; nature takes its course
and the vinegar drawn off. But tie
new plant needed not ordinary but
extraoidinary methods. It would have
taken I'J.OOO four-by-eight generators
to make its output of vines.ir.
"As it was, it took a city of 960 gen
erating casks huge affairs, each of
them, and arranged like a miniature
city in streets. There were innumer
able ingenious devices for carrying
the raw product to the casks, other
carriers to bring the vinegai and to
transmute it into the acetone, resem-
Maui Reds Drop To
$9 May Go Lower
Expectation Of $10 Or Better Not To
Be Realized Kula Onions Coming
Now Pork Highest On Record
HONOLULU, Aug. 17. Very little
produce is coming in from the other
islands to the Honolulu market at
present due to the dry weather and
the sale of the spring crops earlier
in the season. The best of the island
potatoes have been sold and produc
ers are advised to ship to Honolulu,
only sound tubers as the trade will
not buy culls at any price. The losses
from the potato moth borer this year
have been greater than ever before
and unless farmers take every pre
caution to control this pest, as well
as the blight, island potatoes will soon
have a reputation that it will take
many seasons to overcome. No pro
ducer should plant a potato from now
on until he has gotten the advise of
the county agent in his district. By
using the precautions he will suggest,
the losses can be reduced to a mini
mum. The consignments of Maui red beans
are moving slowly at $9.00 and a furth
er drop may be expected. Small whites
are selling a little better at $15.00.
Bermuda onions from Kula are com
ing on the market in large quantities
now. Some of these are very large
and in a good condition. They are
mostly of the crystal wax variety.
It is claimed that the grape pro
ducers can, net more by selling their
grapes in Hilo than by sending them
to Honolulu, so it is doubtful If any
more will come to this market.
Live hogs have advanced to 19
cents a-pound for the best grade. This
is a record price. No changes in beef
The price of island eggs remains at
60 cents but scratch food has advanc
ed $2.00 a ton. California storage
eggs are selling at 42 cents by the
case. There is no island butter in the
market at present. A. T. LONG LEY,
A Long Dry Spell
Gov. Livingston Beeckhman, of
Rhode Island, said in Providence,
apropos of the gigantic strides that
the temperance movement is taking:
"The whole country now seems to
look at excess as the young wife did.
" 'Jim, dear,' said a young wife, 'I
do wish you'd stoping drinking. Every
time you go to one of those banquets
of yours you get up the next morn
ing pale and silent, you eat nothing,
you just gulp down ten or fifteen
glasses of water. Do stop drinking,
won't you? I know it can't be good
for you, dear.'
" 'All great men have been drinking
men,' said Jim. 'Look at Poe, at
Charles Lamb, look at Burns, look at
"'Well, Jim,' said the young wife,
'you just swear off till you become a
great man, too, and I'll be satisfied.' "
bling nothing quite so much as hard
rock-sugar candy. The entire plant
cost more than three million dollars.
It was but a single article in the attire
of a typical war bride. . . .
"Because of the difficulties that were
inevitable to the operation cf a great
new plant, there were only about 100,
000 gallons a day coming out of the
great vinegar casks and 150,000 or
200,000 gallons a day was needed, to
save the contracts.
"This is where we come to potash.
At the very moment when it looked as
if the powder concern was about to
achieve failure instead victory, it turn
ed toward kelp, as a fresh source cf
the needed acetone. And through
kelp which holds potash as well as
acetone it saved the day, not only
for itself but apparently for the whole
United States. For as soon as it be
came a commercial necessity to har
vest the sea-weed for acetone it was
both possible and practicable to re
fine the potash, which is the very thing
that is being done today'
Acres upon acres of floating sea
weed rest upon the surfaces of the Pa
cific outside the entrance to San Die
go harbor. A great refining plant was
built by the side of the harbor at a
cost of more than a million dollars.
Fifteen hundred men were set to work
day and night. A pier 2,200 feet in
length thrust Itself out Into the har
bor, but Captain Norris set to work
at the kelp with a real cutting scow.
The cutting scow, like the vinegar
plant, was not an immediate practical
success. Yet Its success was absolut
ely essential to the success of the re
fining plant. But a shrewd mechanic
al expert from headquarters had gone
to San Diego at the beginning to devise
a harvesting craft that would cut the
kelp. American wit and ingenuity
finally triumphed. A successful and
practicable harvester was finally de
veloped. The contract has been kept.
Expected Soon To Equal Cost Of
'Administration Wonderful As
.;.set Of Nation Steadily Growing
WASHINGTON, August 1, Re
ceipts from the National Forests in
the fiscal year just closed exceeded
those for 1916, the banner previous
year, by more than $600,000, and
totaled over $3,450,000. The cost of
operating the Forests, about $4,000,000
was virtually the same as in 1916.
The increase, according to the for
estry officials, came chiefly from a
more active timber business and from
the higher fee charged for grazing,
although practically every form of use
of the Forests was greater than ever
before and nearly every revenue-producing
activity contributed to the gain.
The only exception was that of sales
of turpentining privileges, which fell
off nearly one-half. Since these sales
are made only on the Florida Forest
the receipts from this source are re
The timber business realized for the
Government over $1,600,000 and live
stock grazing over $1,500,000. Per
mits for water-power development
brought in over $100,000 and other
forms of land occupancy, including
leases of laud for summer homes, as
much more. In this item the gain was
It is pointed out by the Forest Ser
vice that many forms of use of
the Forests bring in no revenue.
Settlers in and near the Forests are
allowed much free timber for domes
tic and farm use and are also allow
ed free grazing up to ten head of milch
or work animals. As public recrea
tion grounds the Forests are open to
all without charge, while their almost
inestimable value for water conserva
tion is maintained solely at the cost
of the Government. Although their
administration and protection as pub
lic utilities necessitate large expendi
tures which yield no money returns,
the narrowing gap between expendi
ture and receipt holds out the pros
pect, those in charge of the work feel
that the revenues will in no great
time exceed the operating cost.
With the demand for timber mark
edly stimulated by war conditions,
the Government foresters anticipate a
further increase In the National For
est cut and the receipts for timber
during the current year. On the other
hand, they point out that an increase
in business will necessarily call for
more work and increased costs. Con
gress provided for this by increasing
the funds available this year for Na
tional Forest administration and pro
tection by about $60,000.
Of the grazing receipts cattle fur
nished approximately $900,000 and
sheep $570,000. On account of the
feed shortage faced by the livestock
industry throughout a great part of
the West last spring, and because of
the needs of the nation for meat, wool
and hide production, the stock were
admitted early and up to the full limit
of the carrying capacity of the ranges.
As a result of regulated grazing the
capacity of the ranges has been grow
ing greater for some years, the For
est Service officials state, and the in
crease In grazing receipts is In part
due to the fact that the herds on the
Forests this summer are larger than
in any previous season.
The Song Of Merit
John Chinaman often has peculiar
ideas about the wearing apparel that
he buys in America. For one thing,
he always wants boots that are seve
ral sizes too large, for he believes
that in that way he gets more value
for his money. In addition to exces
sive size, boots may have to possess
other peculiar characteristics before
they meet his full approval, as the
following story from The Youth's
A California merchant offered a
pair of fine boots that he had long
kept in stock to a Chinese for three
dollars. The Oriental finally took
them, but two days later he brought
"What's the trouble John?" inquir
ed the merchant. "Him good boots."
"Him no good," declared John.
"Him no singsong boot. Velly soon
wear out. Me likee singsong boot or
me catchee back free dolla,."
"Singsong boot!" exclaimed the
merchant. "Me no sabe."
"Me t'ink you sabe, all lite," replied
John. "Wha' fo' him boot no singee
Squeak! squeak! when Chinaman
walkee, alle same good boot?"
When the merchant had given him
in exchange for the fine boots a pair
of coarse, cheap ones that squeaked
loudly, John Chinaman departed high
Old Cups Not Played For
Years To Be Again Put
OPEN TO ALL MAUI PLAYERS
To those interested in mixed dou
bles tennis, the announcement that the
Puunene Athletic Club is to revive
this form of the sport in a champion
ship tournament to start next week,
will be welcome news. According to
the announcement made, the entries
for this tournament will close tomor
row evening at 6 o'clock. There are
no restrictions on entries except that
they must be made by teams in order
that women and men will be evenly
divided. Partners for the play will
be decided by lot.
Play For Old Cups
An interesting feature of the coming
tournament is that the games will be
played for the handsome cups of the
association first offered and contested
for in 1905. That year they were won
by C. C. Krumnhaar and Rev. B. V.
Unzata. How two men came to get
the cups this first time seems not to
be remembered. In 1906, however,
the cups were won by Miss Ethel Tay
lar (Mrs. E. R. Bevins) and Theo.
Nicholson. Miss Taylor also won the
cup again in 1907, but lost it in 1908
to Miss I. H. Woods. H. E. Savage
was winner of the men's cup in 1907,
and Rev. E. B. Turner in 1908.
For some reason mixed doubles
were then dropped as a part of the
Puunene programs, and this is the
first time that it has been undertaken
since. The amount of interest among
the women of central Maui In the
game would seem to insure its suc
cess. The first games of the tourna
ment will begin next Monday.
Dying Shark Badly
Injures His Captor
HONOLULU, Aug. 20. Lifting a
10-foot shark into an automobile to
bring it into town, Carl Nakuina, an
employe of the Kalihi poi factory, was
attack and his right arm badly bitten
by the shark yesterday afternoon at
Nanakuli, near Waianae. Nakuina
was rushed to the Emergency hospital
in Honolulu and several stitches were
taken in his arm.
Nakuina supposedly killed the shark
when he shot it with a rifle. But
when three fishermen pulled the
shark out of the water and lifted it
into the machine with the intention of
bringing it into town, the shark with
a last consulsive gasp bit Nakuina,
who was near its head.
Hilo Japanese To Play
Ball In Wailuku
(Continued from Page One.)
on Monday the A. A. Cs will try
conclusions with the Hilo bunch.
The Hilo team has a reputation on
the Big Island, where last year it held
the championship. This year it has
been edged out by the strong Y. M. I.
team, but is said to be formidable for
all that. It comes to Maui without
any guarantee and on the exceedingly
sporty proposition of the gate receipts
to cover their expenses.
Y. M. I. To Come Later
Negotiations which have been on
for some time with the Hilo champions
seem also to have about come to a
head, and the local manager was
authorized to invite the Hiloites to
come sometime early in October, im
mediately following the finish of the
present schedule of games.
Dry Spell Has Hilo
In Serious Situation
HILO, Aug. 20. That Hllo's water
supply is in a precarious condition,
and that the present outlook is one
of grave alarm was the gist of a state
ment made yesterday by Maj. D. S.
Bowman, chief sanitary inspector of
the local board of health.
It has been found that owing to the
lengthy dry spell being experienced
here scarcely sufficient water is at
present obtainable for ordinary house
On Wednesday night there was no
water in the reservoirs and at 6
o'clock yesterday morning there was
only 4 feet. It is expected, however,
that the endeavors which are being
made to direct the water running to
waste back to the reservoir will give
a better supply for some time.