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THE MAUI NEWS, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1917.
THE MAUI NEWS
Entered at the Foat Offlct at Watluku, Maul, Hawaii, as second-class matter.
A Republican Paper Published in the Interest of the People
Issued Every Friday.
MAUI PUBLISHING COMPANY, LIMITED,
Proprietors and Publishers
Suiscuftion Rates, $2.50 per Year in Advance.
L. D. TIMMONS
(acting) Editor and manager
SEPTEMBER 28, 1917
WHOLESALE, PHYSICAL CULTURE
Congressman Horatio C. Claypool, of Ohio, introduced in the House
of Representatives at Washington, on September 7, a bill providing for
a Federal board for physical culture, having supreme supervision and
control over the training, tests, experiments, studies, exercises, investi
gations and reports to aid in the organization and conduct of physical
education in all of the States of the Union. State boards are provided
for, to co-operate with the Federal board, and the bill also makes provi
sion for ample appropriations by nation and States to secure the proper
training and maintenance of a force of teachers, supervisors or directors
of physical culture. The plan will give to young men of the country
an opportunity of conveniently and inexpensively securing training and
education in physical culture.
The importance of placing the advantages of physical culture and
education within easy reach of the young men of the nation was brought
with startling force to the attention of the public only a short time ago
when the appalling condition, disclosed by the physical examinations in
connection with the first draft for the front in Europe, sent a thrill of
alarm and sense of deepest concern throughout the land. As though by
a bolt from the sky we were struck suddenly with the full realization
that we had spent our years cultivating the mind, but neglecting the body
the while, and were now called upon to pay the price in the way of
many thousands of intellectually fit young men who were unable
to pass the physical tests for service in the country's cause.
We have no reason to hope that a better condition of things will
be revealed in these Islands when the draft examinations take place next
month ; but on the other hand, the outlook is that a very large percentage
of our young men will fail to pass the physical tests and the showing
of the Islands in the matter of acceptable soldier strength will be
astonishingly small. The pride we took a short time ago in our large
registration will be changed into severe disappointment ; and the cause
will be the lack of physical education and physical culture along
scientific lines. We must, therefore, be awake to the opportunity to be
extended by Congress; see that we share justly in the advantages above
outlined, to be apportioned among the States, and make the drive, along
with other sections of our great country, for the physical uplift of our
WHY I ASK YOUR HELPt
An Editorial : By Herbert Hoover v
Food Administrator of the United States
Peru, on the other hand, is a rich little country, has a population of
5,800,000 and an available fighting strength of 901,560 men. In a pinch
she could send quite a force to Europe, which would probably be done
in connection with the forces of other South American states, should
their services be required.
The importance of the dissatisfaction which has appeared in the
past few weeks in Central and South America lies, insofar as the Unit
ed States is concerned, in the probability of a tide which will bring all
of the countries to the south of us into line as our active allies. In
dividually some of them may not count for much, but collectively they
would form a power to be reckoned with by the strongest nation on
earth. As allies of the United States (as they will all undoubtedly be in
the near future) their value will be enourmous.
"A SLICE OF DREAD"
By means of pamphlets sent broadcast throughout the land the U.
S. Department of Agriculture is endeavoring, by direct drives, to im
press the fact of wastes being the leaks in a nation's strength and the
mportance of saving, even in small things. An editorial in the latest
pamphlet, entitledasabove, should engage the interested attention of every
housekeeper. It is true that the economy wave has not yet struck us,
but, in time at least, it must and will ; and the sooner serious considera
tion is given to the matter, the better. The body of the editorial referred
to is as follows :
A single slice of bread seems an unimportant thing. . In many
households one or more slices of bread daily are thrown away and
not used for human food. Sometimes stale quarter, or half, loaves
are thrown out.
Yet one good-sized slice of bread such as a child likes to cut
weighs an ounce. It contains almost three-fourths of an ounce of
If every one of, the country's 20,000,000 homes wastes on the
average only one such slice of bread a day, the country is throwing
away daily over 14,000,000 ounces of flour over 875,000 pounds, or
enough flour for over a million 1-pound loaves a day. For a full year
at this rate there would be a waste of over 319,000,000 pounds of
flour 1,500,000 barrels enough flour to make 365,000,000 loaves.
As it takes 4V4 bushels of wheat to make a barrel of ordinary
flour, this waste would represent the flour from over 7,000,000 bushels
Fourteen and nine-tenths bushels of wheat on the average are
raised per acre. It would take the fruit of some 470,000 acres just
to provide a single slice of bread to be wasted daily in every home.
To produce this much flour calls for an army of farmers, railway
men, flour-mill people. To get the flour to the consumer calls for
many freight cars and the use of many tons of coal.
But some one says, a full slice of bread is not wasted in every '
home. Very well make it a daily slice for every 4 or every 10 or
every 30 homes make it a weekly or monthly Blice in every home
or make the wasted slice thinner. The waste of flour involved is still
appalling altogether too great to be tolerated when wheat is scarce.
Any waste of bread is inexcusable when there are so many ways
of using stale bread to cook delicious dishes.
I ask your help because the President has laid upon me and has
asked me to assume great responsibility in the conservation of the food
supplies of our country. It would be an unbearable burden but for two
reasons : One is that I feel sure every loyal American will at this time
undertake unhesitatingly and whole-heartedly whatever service is re
quired of him.
The other reason is the American woman. I believe you have
only to understand the food needs of this nation, of the Allies, and in
fact of the entire world, in order to enlist your immediate and intelli
I realize full well that 70 per cent of our households are conduct
ed with thrift and without waste, but even in these we need to secure
the use of equally good food in substitution for those commodities
which can be shipped over the seas in these times of lack of shipping.
Among the 30 per cent it is true enough that we have deserved the
reputation of the most wasteful housekeeping in the world, and the
time has come to turn our faces squarely in the opposite direction and
make our country a model of economical management.
Indeed, if American ideals of a square deal is right, we can do no
less. . .
For three years now the people of the Allied countries have borne
the burden of this struggle for life and liberty and are bearing it with
pain and privation. There are millions of women in Belgium and
Northern France to-day who, for three years, have heard no word of
their husbands, their sons or their brothers, and who go about their
: daily tasks, provided with the most meager allowance of food for their
children, with a smile on their lips.
It is for women such as these, for soldiers gallant beyond descrip
tion, for little children of Europe, that you now face the immediate
duty of raking up arms, as it were, in your households. You are a
great army drafted by conscience into what is now the most urgent
activity of the war that of increasing and conserving the food supply
Conditions which have brought about a world shortage of food
have placed upon the shoulders of you, the women of America, to a
great degree, the responsibility of winning this war, for the wolf is at
the door of all the world except our own country, and we have a super
We are not alone appealing to the women: we are actively or
ganizing the men in trades, hotels, restaurants and in food distribution,
hoping to eliminate waste, to moderate speculation and extortionate
It stands to reason that your first duty is to the members of your
family. They must have all the food they require to keep them in
good health and capable of performing efficiently their daily tasks
Information for your guidance as to the food needs of the average
family will be put in the, hands of every earnest woman in America.
PERU AND COSTA RICA
Peru and Costa Rica are the latest countries to rebel against the out
lawry of Germany, and in the course of a few days both will probably
be found in the list of commonwealths battling for the freedom of the
world from Prussianism. Costa Rica, one of the little, Central Am
erican republics, does not amount to much in man force, having a popul
ation of only 420,180, but it is important in commerce and is a link in
the chain between the United States and South America. She has an
available fighting strength of 52,000 men.
Honolulu has selected Mr. A. S. Cantin to be road engineer for
the island and city papers all say that he is a good man. So far, it
is well. Now let the papers and supervisors and people of Honolulu
give Mr. Cantin a free hand and fair chance to make good, and not
start criticizing and bully-ragging him before he has had time to fully
demonstrate his ideas. And if Mr. Cantin will put up a "No Admit
tance" sign to political wire-pullers and political grafters he will ac
complish a big leap ahead of his predecessors. Politics and road-making
do not mix, and the less a road engineer knows about the political
inclinations of the workmen under him, the better for all concerned
(the tax-payers in particular.)
It has been our privilege and pleasure to examine the reports on
the work of the Alexander House Settlement and Kindergarten, which
will be ready for distribution, among those immediately concerned,
in the course of a few days. The reports indicate that a large amount
of invaluable work is being done by the Settlement; and the com
munity as a whole may rejoice that so much has been accomplished in
the past and that so much more is promised for the future. The Red
Cross just now has and quite properly so the right of way in our
public-spirited activities, but the fundamental purposes of the Settle
ment should continue to have the cordial support of everyone.
The Kaiser is reported to have told his army in Rumania that if the
war were continued it would not be his fault. We are quite willing to
accept the statement. Time was when the Kaiser could have stopped
the war, but he would not. On the contrary, he forced almost the
entire civilized world to take the job out of his hands, and, from all ac
counts, there is no disposition at any hand to give him another chance.
After all that has gone before, the Kaiser may ease his conscience as
to future happenings.
The news this morning to the effect that all American steamers
on the Pacific over 2,000 tons are to be drafted into the service of the
United States for transport purposes on the Atlantic brings the ship
ping problem squarely up to us. That the Japanese steamers will be
given special permits to carry passengers between Honolulu and the
Coast is fairly certain, but nothing is yet said about our sugar ship
ments. It is assumed that these will be provided tor in some way,
but in the meanwhile the Islands will be decidedly on the "anxious seat."
Frank A. Vanderlip, president of the National City Bank, of New
York, and one of the foremost financiers of the country, has resigned
from his banking connections and will give his entire time to the govern
ment in the work 6i floating the Liberty Loans at a nominal salary
of $1 a year. The example of this great king of finance should deeply
impress all citizens, wealthy and poor. Surely such sacrifices made
by men in high places should be an inspiration to all of us.
BOILER FEED PUMPS'
HYDRAULIC PRESSURE PUMPS
AUTOMATIC FEED PUMPS .
Catton, Neill & Co., Ltd.
Liquor and crookedness have been business partners from the
days of Abraham, and it is a waste of energy and patience to try to
disassociate them. So long as the sale of liquor is permitted, just so long
will we have the illicit bartering of liquor to soldiers for coin, and
blind pigs in abundance. The one and only remedy is absolute prohibi
The yearly carnival at Honolulu should be either entered into with
earnestness and an attractive program formulated, or it should be cut
out altogether. Country people do not enjoy standing on one leg, then
the other, merely to see the street cars go by. If the "real thing" in a
carnival is not to be put on, the proposition should go over entirely.
A very excellent letter on a timely subject goes to the waste basket
this week on account of the fact that the writer's name does not accom
pany the communication.
Now that Mr. Roosevelt has begun newspaper work at Kansas
City we may be pardoned for assuming that Missouri will at last be
THAR'S three ways o doin' things
the right way, the wrong way,
an' a mixture o' both,. an' dero
me if the last ain't wuss 'n
the second. Thar's only'
one right way to get smok-
p in tobacco satisfaction reg
'larly, an' that's t' specify
VELVET, an' adhere t'
VELVET, the Smoothest Smoking Tobacco
Ask us about our facilities for handling your
Stock and Bond Business
Through Trent Trust Company, Limited.
Sank of Maui, Ltd.
Shoes For The Children
Gun Metal Ankle Ties
Sizes, 5 to 8 $2.00
&y2 to 11 $2.50
" 11 to 2 $3.00
Patent Colt Ankle Ties
Sizes, 5 to 8 $2.25
82 to 11 $2.75
" 11 to 2 $3.25
Mail Orders filled same day
received. We pay the postage.
MANUFACTURERS' SHOE STORE, HONOLULU
1051 Fort Street
Some papers have an irritating effect on one's nerves and should
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large 1917 stock, purchased at prices that offer our customers a
distinct saving, are many beautiful designs of which your eyes
will never tire. We've made a study of this subject; let us give
you our advice. Write or call in person.
Lewers & Cooke, Ltd.
169-177 South King Street . HONOLULU