Newspaper Page Text
THE MAUI NEWS, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1917.
fiarold Rice's View
On Different Kinds Of
fiay Produeed fiere
(Another paper prepared for the Civic Convention, at the request of the
committee, which was not read on account of overcrowdinR of the pro
gram on the last day, was one by Mr.Harold Hiee, of Maui, on the subject
of "Hay." It will appear in the printed proceedings of the Convention.
The p.iper is giren In full below.)
The chairman of the Trogram Com
mittee invited me to speak on grain
and hay or substitutes for the same.
I replied to him that I would address
the Convention on hay crops and sub
- stitutes for hay which, to my knowl
edge, were being experimented with
or tried out here on the Islands.
Hay is divided Into two classes the
legume hays and the grass hays.
Sudan Grass Hay. During the past
year the Sudan grass hay has played
a very important part here on the Is
lands. This grass may be planted at
any season of the year and is probably
one of the very easiest grasses to start
that has yet been introduced into the
Territory. The Sudan grass seed
when imported is very expensive .the
price this last year was about forty
cents per pound. However, one may
start with a very small patch and col
lect enough seed to plant large areas
in a very short time. On the island
of Molokai several people have good
Bized areas of Sudan grass which were
all started from a handful of seed
gathered by Mr. Munro at the experi
ment station. The best results can be
obtained from planting Sudan grass in
rows about three feet apart. I was
able to get about six good crops on
several acres that were planted in this
way. The stock when once accustom
ed to the Sudan grass hay relish it
very much and I believe the stock
much prefer this to alfalfa or timothy
hay. I would recommend this grass to
any one not having ideal soil and
climate for alfalfa. Mr. Frank Andrade
gave me one of the best points in
regard to Sudan grass hay. That it is
a great thing to salt your stacks when
piling Sudan grass; about ten or
twelve pounds of salt per ton would
be sufficient. This is an old method
with people who have practiced hay
making. The idea was to better pre
serve the hay and to make it more
Rhoads Grass Hay. Khoads grass
makes a beautiful hay but the yield in
comparison to Sudan grass would be
much less. This grass is also much
harder to start than Sudan grass. Mo
lokai Ranch has probably the largest
area of any one in the Islands of this
grass from which it yearly takes off
considerable hay. The practice that
Mr. Cooke follows out at Molokai
Ranch is to pasture his fields a greater
part of the year. In the spring, how
ever, when he gets abundant rain he
takes the stock off of these fields and
allows the grass its full growth when
he mows it, cures and bails the same
in the fields.
Other Grasses. We have several
other grasses here in the Islands such
as Red Top, Burmuda, Johnson ,and
the Brome grasses, but so far as I
know none of these is, planted for hay
here in the Islands, but are used for
pasturage alone. Of these mentioned
Mr. A. W. Carter has told me that
Brome has done more for the Parker
Ranch than any other one grass. To
a casual observer, Brome grass would
be taken for wild oats. This grass
has great advantage over other gras
ses at high attitudes as the cold and
the frost do not kill it.
Legume Hay. The most important
legume hay grown in the Islands is
the alfalfa, and so far as I konw this
is the only legume hay produced to
any extent here in the Islands. There
are, however, several difierent variet
ies of alfalfa which are being tried
experimentally and commercially all
over the Islands.
This year I had planted my alfalfa
three feet apart in the Keahua district
on Maul where I had to depend on
rainfall. By cultivating every ten or
twelve days I was able to get three
very good crops, the second crop mat
uring in about sixteen days from cut
ting. This alfalfa is still holding out
against the drought although it is
not making any growth. I believe in
good years, however, we could plant
quite an area in alfalfa and get two
good crops without irrigation. At Ki
hei I have about an acre and a half of
alfalfa which is watered by an over
head sprinkling system. Here we are
able to get a ton and a half of cured
alfaLfa every three weeks besides feed
ing a large quantity to hogs in an ad
I have not had a great deal of ex
perience with alfalfa but believe that
a great deal of the nourishment of the
alfalfa has been lost by improper
curing of the same. I have seen here
in the Islands a great deal of the al
falfa being mowed or cut with scythes
anil allowed to dry to a certain extent
flat on the ground. The secret of mak-
ESKIMO WHALE DANCE.
ing good hay is to follow your mowing
with a rake and windrow all the hay
immediately. This allows the air to
go through and dry the hay evenly
without bleaching the leaves in the
sun. With our climate here I believe
one day in the windrow is sufficient
and it could then be cocked. This is
he plan I have followed and find that
my hay has a wonderful aroma.
Cane TopR. There is no doubt that
the greatest substitute for hay here on
he Islands is the cane top. This is a
familiar feed to all those living on or
near sugar plantations. There is only
one point I wish to make in regard to
cane tops, i. e., I am satisfied that feed
ing whole cane tops is preferable to
feeding from the slicing machine. The
animals that are fed whole cane tops
will keep in better condition and will
be less susceptible to colic.
Corn Stover. Corn stover refers to
the entire corn plant after It has been
cut and the ears taken off. The an
alysis of this is as follows: water, 17.0
percent; ash, 6.3 percent; crude pro
tein, 5.6 percent;. crude fiber, 28.0 per
cent; nitrogen-free extract, 42.1 per
cent ;and fat, 1.0 percent. The feed
value of corn stover is one-fourth to
one-third the feed value of the entire
corn crop, and authorities claim that
it is equal to timothy hay. There is
a great deal of agitation throughout
the corn-belt States by county agents
and agricultural colleges to stimulate
the farmers to preserve this feed.
Mr. George Cooke is the first one to
introduce a husking and shredding
machine here in the Islands. I believe
he has had his husker and shredder
going five or sbc years. He uses the
bailed cornstover which has been shred
ded by the husking machine as a filler
for his stock in his kiawe tree pad
docks. I have noticed cattle eating
this stover on Molokai and they are
extremely fond of the 6ame, and with
the kiawe bean it seems to fatten the
cattle up in good shape. I have just
completed installing a husker and
shredder. At present we have only
one bailer and are able to turn out
on an average about one hundred and
ten bails per day. This is only tak-
ns care of half of the shredded pro
duct ,so with the installation of an
other bailer I hope to be able to turn
out over two hundred bails per day.
I figure that by bailing and saving this
I am insuring my stock against poor
pasturage during the next year as a
few bails of this corn stover will keep
a large number of cattle in good
There are probably other substitutes
for hay that, I have not mentioned. I
have simply given you some of my
personal observations in regard to hay
and substitutes in the interest of food
conservation. Every one must realize
the very important part the farmers
of the world are going to play in this
war, and with the thought that my
experience might help some other
farmer in conserving food together,
we might do our bit to help U. S. win
"Halloa! Are you Bafy's the butch
"Well, this is Mrs. Brown's resl
dence. Will you please send me a
large, thick steak by twelve o'clock?1
"Well, you just bet your sweet life
i'o you Know, sir, to wiiom you
"Sure I do. You're Jenny, Mrs.
rou are mistaken, young man.
You are speaking with Mrs. Brown
is mat so 7 'inen m that case,
madam, we'll call the bet of." Tit
A Long Walk
Fred had been permitted to visit
a boy friend on the condition that he
returned home not later than five
o'clock. He arrived at seven, and in
sisted that he had not loitered.
"Do you mean," demanded the
mother, "that it took you two hours
to walk a quarter of a mile?"
"Yes, mother; Charlie gave me a
mud-turtle and I was afraid to carry
it, so I led it home." Christian Re
When Arctlo Natives Feast and Plok
Their Life Mates.
A very primitive custom of the na
tives of the Hering and arctic coasta
of Siberia, a custom that bas come
down from generations of savage an
cestors, la the annual celebration of
the whale dance, when tne Eskimos
select their wives.
When the sun moves southward at
the end of the short summer season
and the ice closes up the northern
seas the whales come down to open
water. Then. In celebration of the
Benson's catch, the Ice dwellers assem
ble for the whale dance, which lasts
The great dance circle Is prepared,
and in the center the dancers, both
mnle and female, perform the most
savage of evolutions and motions to
the accompnniment of rhythmless
beating of the tomtoms and weird
chanting. The dance songs tell of the
prowess of the hunters and of the
history of the tribe. The movements
of the women ore surprisingly grace
ful, and they mean to show in their
dance that, as daughters of a great
people, they are possessed of all the
qunlitles such women should have.
The men execute pantomimic scenes of
the bunt and go through all the mo
tions of the kill. They spear the Ice
bear, slay the walrus and seal and
finally, with extraordinary contortions,
vanquish the mighty whale.
During the last days of the feast
when the time arrives for the selection
of husbands and wives, the man per
forms his mate dance before the wo
man he bas picked out In pantomime
he promises to provide her generously
with the fruit of the hunt, both food
and fur. If she Is pleased with blm
she walks out and dances ber accept
ance and shows how she will look
after the Igloo. When they have
danced before each other they are mar
ried after the custom of the tribe, and
he leads her off to bis walrus bide
During the dance tbey feast on
whale. The Bkin of the baleen whale
Is about an inch thick and looks like
rubber. The solid blubber between It
and the true flesh is usually about four
teen inches thick. The black skin and
the blubber, the latter cut to the thick
ness of the former. Is called moktulc
nud is considered a great delicacy. It
is eaten raw and, although it sounds
repulsive to the civilized ear, Is most
palatable. It has a flavor something
like that of chestnuts. Youth's Com
It might appear at lirst that every
number can be divided by some num
ber besides Itself and one; but many
numbers cannot, and If they cannot
they are known as prime numbers. Of
all the numbers having a value of less
than 1,000, there are 109 that are
prime. Of these twenty-six are smaller
than 100, twenty-one appear between
100 and 200, sixteen between 200 and
300, sixteen between 300 and 400,
seventeen between 400 and 500, four
teen between 500 and 000, sixteen be
tween COO and 700, fourteen between
700 and 800, fifteen between 800 and
000 and fourteen between 000 and
A woman bad a negro cleaning the
yard for her. Ills wife bad been dead
for several years. So his employer
seized a favorable moment and pro
ceeded to sound him.
"John," she said, "you're a good.
steady man. Lots of women would be
glad to have you. Why don't you get a
John leaned on his rake and scratch
ed his head reflectively.
"Well, I tell you," he replied. "Yon
know I was married seven years, an'
I've got to have a rest" Indianapolis
The Price of a Kid.
Cordova is full of fun, says O. Bogus
Luffmann in his "Quiet Days In Spain,"
and in the leisurely pace of life there
the observer bas time to see and appre
ciate all of it
In the market one day a small boy
with a big apron and a pompous man
ner was offering half of a small kid to
a woman for a peseta. She objected
that it was very tiny, and he fairly
smothered her with: "Womanl Do you
want half a bull for a tenpence?"
Not A Hearth-Fender
Clergyman (to tattered hobo) "In
stead of spending your life wandering
about the countryside and sleeping un
der hedges, why can not you act like
man and go out and fight for your
hearth and home?" Punch.
Where The Debt Lies
"I observe,' said the fiend, "that
Mr. Rockefeller says he owes much
of his success to golf.'
"It was my notion," said the low
brow, " that most men owes much of
their golf to success." St. Louis Republic.
iieymour has a rumber of men
who take in every important public
meeting. Their wives take in wash
ing." From The Seymour (Ind.)
Is woman more interesting than man,
or the reverse? Man varies more. He
has more genius In exceptional lndl
vlduals, and less of genius-like Insight
in the average person. He completes
woman endures. He builds externally,
she at home. He fights; she preserves.
Our worthless opinion Is that men are
more Interesting than women, but that
woman is more interesting than man.
"Why won't that rich old curmudg
eon let his young wife act In amateur
"Because the last time she took part
everybody raved about the way she
acted a merry widow part" Baltimore
Getting In the Picture.
' Some have greatness thrust ' upon
"I know. They blunder accidentally
Into a film." Kansas City Journal.
Fond nubby (starting down town)
What will It be, love flowers or candy?
Wifie Wa'll compromise, dear. You
The Henry Waterhouse Trust Co., Ltd.
BUYS AND SELLS REAL ESTATE, STOCKS AND BONDS.
WRITES FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE.
NEGOTIATES LOANS AND MORTGAGES.
A list of High Grade Securities Mailed on Application.
HONOLULU, HAWAII P. O. BOX 346.
MOUNTAIN VIEW TRACT
ON HIGH STREET, OPPOSITE THE PUBLIC SCHOOL IN WAILUKU.
Six first class resident lots are now offered for sale. Improvements are now progressing and in
clude grading, building road, laying concrete conduit along High Street, etc.
Applications must he presented cither in person or in writing. No actual conveyance will be made
until one month from date or October 8th. Restrictions are imposed. This is to prev
and give those who really want a home, a chance. Blueprints furnished on application
PRICKS Lot No. 1, 75 ft. average width by 200 ft. at 14c, sq. ft
3, 75 '
4, 75 "
5, 57.5 "
6, 57.5 "
CASH PURCHASERS ARE ENTITLED TO A DISCOUNT,
J. K. KAHOOKELE, "The Land Man", Wailuku, Maui, T. II.
Co.'s Merchandise Dent
Stock Available for Immediate Delivery
Prices Cheerfully Furnished
Telephones 1652 and 2012
Connecting all Departments
Kahului, Maui, T. H.
can send both. Judge.