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THE MAUI NEWS, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 9, 1917.
THE MAUI NEWS
EnUred at th Foil Offlcs t Wailuku, Maul, Hawaii, as second-clan matter.
A Republican Paper Published in the Interest of the People
Issued Every Friday.
MAUI PUBLISHING COMPANY, LIMITED,
Proprietors and Publishers.
SuBSCiirTiON Rates, $2.50 psr Ykar in Advancb.
L. D. TIMMONS
(ACTING) EDITOR AND MANAGER
NOVEMBER 9, 1917.
THE LANSING-ISHII AGREEMENT
The agreement reached between Secretary Eansing, on behalf of
the United States, and Viscount Ishii, acting for the government of
Japan, is a matter of especial interest to us in these Islands. Boiled
down, it means that the assertion by Japan of a sort of "Monroe
Doctrine" principle as to China is approved, in consideration for the
"open door", respect for existing treaties and fair-play in China; and
it means, further, and most important to us here, peace and safety in
the Bacilic for an indefinite time.
That the agreement will be looked upon w ith suspicion and criticiz
ed by some, goes without saying. But, why, pray? Since Monroe's
famous message to Congress on December 2, 1823, we have maintained
a far more monopolizing attitude, not only in respect to our own con
tinent but also as to the continent to the south of us. Japan lias never
been unfaithful to her agreements, and we have no reason to fear that
she will prove unfaithful in this instance. The United States has no
Ccsigns upon any territory in Asia; therefore, it seems to us that Japan's
guarantee of the integrity of China and the "open door" in that republic
should fully satisfy us. If the agreement is as we now understand it
to be, we hope that it will be formally approved by both governments
THE DEFEAT OF MITCHELL
The election for mayor of New York this week excited almost as
much interest on Maui as did the recent battle for the world's champion
ship in baseball. As between Mitchell, the independent Democratic
candidate, and Hylan, representing the Tammany-Hearst wing of the
Democratic party, Maui's wagers were on the former; and the landslide
in favor of Judge Hylan was even more of a surprise locally than was
the W aterloo of the Giants a few weeks ago.
The defeat of Mayor Mitchell removes him, perhaps, from the list
oi presidential possibilities. For months some of the magazines and
many newspapers had been grooming him for the race three years hence,
but it is doubtful that he will be able to emerge from the snow-slide,
which struck him on Tuesday, for a long time to come. Judge Hylan
is said to be a very excellent man, but with Hearst and Tammany as
his chief sponsors the nation will be impressed with the fact that he is
fliot over-particular as to the company he keeps.
GERMAN-AMERICAN LOYAL TY
A pamphlet has just been issued in the east entitled "American
Loyalty, by Citizens of German Descent," in which occurs articles by
leading citizens of German birth or extraction, expressing in very in
teresting manner their position in the great crisis between the coun
try of their nativity and the country of their adoption. The following
frank statement, by C. Kotzenabe, is the first in the series:
My emotions tell me one thing at this awful time, but my
reason tells me another. As a German by birth it is a horrible
calamity that I may have to fight Germans. That is natural, is it
not? But as an American by prelerence, I can see no other course
For 25 years, Germany has shown dislike for the United
States the Samoan affair, the Hongkong contretemps, the Manila
Bay incident, the unguarded words of the Kaiser himself, and,
lastly, the Haitian controversy in 1914 . And it has not
been from mere commercial or diplomatic friction. It is because
their ideals of government are absolutely oppo.site. One or the
other must go down. It is lor us to say now which it shall be.
Because of my birth and feelings beyond my control 1 have
no particular love for the French and less for the British But
by a strange irony of fate I see those nations giving their blood for
principles which 1 hold dear, against the wrong principles of people
I Individually love. It Is a very unhappy paradox, but one I i:u
not escape. I do not want to see the allies triumph over the land
of my birth. But I very much want to see the triumph of the ideas
they tight for.
It sickens my soul to think of this Nation going forth to help
destroy people many of whom are bound to me by tis of blood
and friendship. But it must be so. It is like a dreadful surgical
operation. The militaristic, undemocratic demon which rules
Germany must be cast out. It is for us to do it now I have
tried to tell myself that it is not our affair, that we should have con
tented ourselves with measures of defense and armed neutrality
But I know that is not bo. The mailed fist has been shaken under
our nose before. If Prussianisni triumphs in this war the fist will
continue to shake. We shall be iA real peril, and those ideas for
which so much of the world's best blood has been spilled through
the centuries will be in danger of extinction. It seems to me co m
mou sense that we begin our defense by immediate attack when
the demon Is occupied and when we can command assistance.
, There Is much talk of what people like me will do and fear of
the hyphen. No such thing exists. The Geman-American is as
staunch as the American of adoption of any other land and per
haps more so. Let us make war upon Germany, not from revenge
not to uphold hairsplitting quibbles of international law, but let us
make war with our whole heart and with all our strength, because
Germany worships one god and we another and because the lion and
the lamb can not lie down together. One or the other must perish
Let us make war upon the Germany of the Junkerthum, the
Germany of f rightfulness, the Germany of arrogance and selfi.shness,
and let us swear not to make peace until the Imperial German
Government is the sovereign German people.
SHOULD SAVE BONUS MONEY
The bonus of 78 percent, to be paid to plantation laborers this
month and next is unprecedented in this country, and will come as an
immense windfall to the workers in the canefields.
C 1.. t i ., .
uiciy no one uegruages mem a penny. At the same time we
cannot be unmindful of the growing tendency among laborers to spend
this bonus money lavishly. The Japanese consul last year found many
instances of the most flagrant prodigality among them as the result
of this sudden, additional wealth, and the probabilities are that the
same thing will be repeated next month.
Language papers of the laborers would perform a worthy ser
vice by cautioning the beneficiaries under the bonus system that the
payment of this extra money is temporary only, and that they should
strive to save as much as possible. Sooner or later sugar will go down
in price, and the time will come when the payment of a bonus will be
mpossiblc. Ly saving now laborers will feel more comfortable and
dter satisfied when "limes" are different.
SUGAR RESPONDED PROMPTLY
It is notable that in his efforts to get a: facts regarding food sup
))y conditions, the national administrator found the supir interests the
most ready and willing of all to co-opcratc with him. Of the matter,
racis vuout sugar says:
"As la suggested in our Washington correspondence published
on another page, the work of the Food Administration in dealing
with the sugar situation to date presents a truly remarkable record
of rapid progress and efficient achievement. Within two months of
its establishment practically complete plans for handling the sugar
supply have been formulated and put into operation. Half the coun
try is already enjoying cheaper sugar as a result of the steps that
have been taken and there is prospect that the other half will re
ceive similar benefit within a reasonable time.
"For all this Mr. Hoover and his aides deserve credit. The
savings which consumers are realizing daily on their sugar
bills give testimony to the efficiency with which this part
ol their task has been accomplshed. At the same time it niUHt not
be overlooked that the prompt accomplishment of these results has
been made possible by the whole-hearted co-operation of the repre
sentatives of the sugar industry in the plans put forward by the Food
Administration. American sugar producers offered to place their
industry at the service of the Nation long before the legislation
piovitling for food control was enacted, and they have not failed to
meet promptly and fully every demand that has been made upon them
in fulli Iment of this offer. Mr. Hoover himself has given unstinted
f f ho n ii f SUK!V ln?ustry for the spirit in which it has responded
to the call to national service."
CAPTURE OF ANCIENT GAZA
Gaza, the city captured by the British on Wednesd.iv. i an .nn,t
town, figuring in history for many centuries. It is in Syria, fifty miles
from Jerusalem and on the main road from Etrvot tn TW-, r.,,-,
has famous bazaars and markets, has many potteries and is a depot for
me district ot winch .t is the capital occupies the southwest
corner of Syria, with the Mediterranean on the west tl ,.aiu f
the Jordan and the Dead Sea on the east. The city of Gaza has a popula
tion of 35,000, composed of every race known in that part of the world;
and more dogs than Kaunakakai. It is quite plain that one of the
objectives of the British is Jerusalem, and in all human probability,
iollowmg the fall of Gaza, they will reach and occupy that citv verv
To our mind the command to he riven th Wt,r r
Wands will be, ,n effect, like this: "Right shoulder hoes; backward to
the canefields, guide right. March!"
THE LATEST COLLAPSE OF RUSSIA
The overthrow of the Kerensky government at Fetrograd yester
day is the most serious happening in that country since the Czar was
sent into exile. It is distinctly a triumph of the peace party, and if
the new government to be set up is able to keep its legs for long there
will undoubtedly be an effort to break the war pacts with Britain and
France and to conclude a separate peace with Germany. Before this
comes about, however, Russia will quite likely experience an internal
upheaval such as she has never known before-a revolution filled with
the most momentous consequences.
The effect of the bloodless overthrow of the Russian government
upon the general trend of events, however, will be next to nil. The
United States and the European Allies sometime ago ceased to consider
Russia as of any great value in the war, and she has been, on the other
hand, an interminable expense and nuisance. At the beginning she was
of great value, but the instability of her internal conditions led to costly
miscalculations, and matters have gone rapidly from bad to worse.
The harmful feature of Russian suicide lies in the encouragement
it will give to the German people, already buoyed by Teuton successes
at the border of Italy. With their feet firmly planted in the Italian feed
trough and the bear of the north busy biting at his own wounds, the
German heart will be thrilled with a new hope, which will find expres
sion in greater enthusiasm and more determined resistance along the
western front. The American eagle is arriving upon the latter scene
at a most opportune moment.
It will be interesting to note what attitude, if any, Japan will take
in the Russian emergency. In view of the nose-rubbing act of a few
days ago at Washington, perhaps she might now feel inclined to take
Russia's place on the eastern, European front.
Italy says that the United States can best aid her by declaring war
on Austria, and if that be so we see no reason why the request should
not be complied with. The presence of German forces in Italy fully
justifies the aid which America will speedily render the latter country,
and inasmuch as Austria is allied with Germany in the present attempts
at invasion it would be splitting hairs to longer distinguish between
"bad friend" and "enemy." If a formal declaration of war on Austria
will help Italy, let us declare war.
The campaign of the British in Palestine brings into the daily news
a test of our knowledge of biblical names. Doubtless in many an
American home the Sunday School children of the family will have
a long-delayed inning, in explaining to the older folk the progress of
That Arizona bull may have outrun William Jennings Bryan, but
we'll wager that he cannot out bellow the famous ex-pacifist.
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