Newspaper Page Text
THE MAUI NEWS, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1917.
i,..,,. ,..... ... ......, ..,
The Papaia And Papain
Editor Maui News:
I enclose herewith n brief item rc
luting to papain. The subject of
papain production wns discussed nt
the Civic Convention held in Hono
lulu Rome months ago and consider
able publicity was given to certain
misinformation on the subject which
might lead into error some of our
farmers and others who have recent
ly manifested some interest In this
subject. For this reason I nni enclos
ing the article referred to in order
that you may give it such publicity
as seems ocsiranie.
j. k. men INS,
The Papaia The Only Source Of
(By J. E. Higgins, Horticulturist,
U. S. Experiment Station.)
At a meeting of the Civic Conven
tion held in Honolulu a few months
ago, some discussion was given to the
subject of papaia growing and the
production of papain. One speaker
stated on that occasion that he had
received information many years ago
to the effect that papain was pro
duced in Jamaica from an entirely
different species from the one which
is grown Hawaii. This species was
said to be Carica erythrocarpa and
the implication in the correspondence
was to the effect that this latter
species is the true source of papain,
No reference to this species as a
source of commercial papain had been
found in any of the literature pertain
ing to this subject which had been
rather carefully examined several
years ago at the Experiment Station.
Correspondence on the subject of pa
pain, its SQurces and production was
conducted with scientific institutions
in many parts of the tropics and re
vealed no reference to erythrocarpa
for this use. The Bulletin of the
Botanical Department of Jamaica and
the Bulletin of the Department of
Agriculture of Jamaica which con
tain frequent references to papain do
not make a single reference to Carica
erythrocarpa in this or any other con
nection so far as indicated by their
indexes for twenty or thirty years of
their publication on file here.
Carica erythrocarpa is native to the
Peruvian Andes and it is extremely
doubtful whether it would grow in
the cultivated parts of these islands
or of Jamaica. To ascertain with
certainty whether this species is to
be found in Jamaica a letter was ad
dressed, shortly after the meeting of
the Civic Convention, to the Direc
tor of Agriculture of that colony to
which the following reply was receiv
ed: "Dear Sir:
Your letter of the 20th of Septem
ber, addressed to the Director of
Agriculture, has been referred to me
and I beg to say in reply that Carica
erythrocarpa is not grown In Jamai
ca. Faithfully yours,
Government Botanist and Superin
tendent of Public Gardens."
There appears to be no further
room for doubt that the informant
from Jamaica who was responsible
for the statements repeated by the
speaker at the Civic Convention was
either misinformed or was inten
tionally giving misinformation. The
papaia is the only species of Carica
which has been extensively used as
a source of commercial papain. It
seems desirable to make this clear as
there is some renewed interest in
papain at this time and it is import
ant that time should not be wasted in
the planting of trees other than those
which are known to yield this sub
stance in considerable quantities.
Different papaia trees vary widely in
their production of papain. While
these characters in the trees are not
well fixed it is desirable so far as is
possible to select seeds from trees
which give an abundant yield.
Pupils Of Lahaina
The pupils of the Kamehameha III
school gave an entertainment in the
Pioneer Theatre on Tuesday evening,
December 14th. All the numbers were
excellent, many of them being encor
ed. The house was crowded, every
available seat being taken. The pro
gram was as follows:
1. Music. Lahainaluna Glee Club.
2. Butterfly Dance.
3. Illustrated Recitation. "The
4. Browne Song. "I See You".
5. Recitation. "Just Before Christ
Song. "Holy Night".
Music. Lahainaluna Glee Club.
Pie Eating Contest.
Jumping Jack Dance.
Indian Club Drill.
Play. "Last Day of School".
Distribution of oranges
Those Who Travel
For Honolulu per. Mauna Kea, Dec.
21 Miss H. E. Robinson, H. M. von
Holt, A. C. Mosetta, G. G. Seonpf,
Master Seong, N. Takakuwa, Teranio
to, F Rosa, John Opopele, Sam Ma
kekau, John Apo, Major and Mrs. V.
E. Bal, Mr. and Mrs. F. Baciano, Mrs.
Yamashita, O. H. Swezey, E. Kishida,
W. J. Rewcastle, E. Heine, U. Silishia,
K. Yasuda, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Davis,
Akl Tom, F. J. Leandro, R. A. Judd,
Mr. and Mrs. Angus McPhee, Miss
By F. G.
(Mr. Krnuss delivered the following
address before the Ad. Club in Hono
lulu during bis recent visit there.)
Dr. Wiley, former chief of the Bu
reau of Chemistry, V. S. Department
of Agriculture, tells the story that his
f uller used to tell when asked what
he interded making of his three boys,
said her ".John is the brightest of my
hoys; the most ifdi&trlous, anxious
to woik and quii-1: to learn, I will
nit'ke a tanner of 1 ,m. Frank woulj
rather tr.M; tunn York, and is fond
of t, ! I'n-- nil he knows and much ih i.
he imagines. I am r.oing to make a
lawyer of him Thomas is the laziest
though shrewdest of all my boys, in
fact he is so li-ssy and shrewd that he
never pets into any trouble of any
kind. I am going to make a politician
This story may be a little bard on
the other professions, but it illustrates
one of the first psentials to success
ful farming and therefore homestead
ins as well: namely that homestead
ing requires the greatest industry a
keen intellect and the best training.
I would place as a first essential in
homesteading, lis I understand its
meaning, the man factor. Even under
i he advrs.i conditions encountered
in Hawi.il, the right man may win
success of no mean order. I have in
mind, at this moment, a half dozen
such. But they are exceptional men
and we cannot expect to find but a
very small proportion of such to
populate our government lands. We
must then, If we desire to settle our
lands with good average citizenship,
provide some of the essentials that will
encourage and make safe small farm
ing in Hawaii. Too great stress can
not be laid upon the value of a sym
pathetic attitude on the part of the
government and the community to
wards the homesteading idea. No
further argument should be needed
upon that score; we all know from
personal observation and experience
how enthusiasm and vitality are
heightened or lowered in response to
favorable or adverse reception of our
endeavors. We have been singularly
fortunate at Haiku in that the com
munity at large has received us with
evident favor. I know of no instance
where the bona fide homesteader
has met with any but favorable con
sideration. The pioneers among us
will always gratefully remember the
assistance freely extended by neigh
boring plantation interests during the
trying year of 1914. And in a social
way, likewise has the old established
community made us welcome.
The selection of suitable lands is ob
viously an important essential to suc
cessful farming. Likewise, their divi
sion into adequate areas for the
purposes intended. A minimum of 40
acres, with the privilege of doubling
up, would appear to me a favorable
homestead unit, when good arable
land in accessible locations, are taken
as a basis.
Given even a suitable track of land,
in an untried region, especially in the
present state of development of out
diversified farming, homesteading
must prove almost certain of many
failures unless the government does
its part in, practical farm demonstra
tion work, the outgrowth of field ex
periments under capable leadership.
As a preliminary safe-guard prepara
tory to opening homestead tracts in
Hawaii, such a procedure appears to
be unknown. An attempt is being
made in this direction in the Kuiaha-Pauwela-Kaupakalua
near Haiku under the auspices of the
Hawaii Experiment Station, and we
believe with fair success. Unfortun
ately the work was gotten under way
when many had already "fallen by the
wayside", or as too often happens,
"thoso nearest the accomplishments
saw them least" and only awakened
after those from afar had benefitted.
The federal government too, has pro
fited by this initial experiment. And
while it has failed to get under way
its experimental demonstration fields
well in advance of the settlement of
the shortly to be opened Halcakala
public lands, it expects to at least
make a beginning simultaneously with
the opening of the lands in January
of the New Year. A more logical
policy on the part of the Territorial
government would bo to establish, at
least a year in advance of the opening
of any public lands, sub-experiment
stations and demonstration farms as
guide-posts for the settlers who are
Entered Of Record
KULIANA NIUWE &HSB. (P) to
Kamaka Thompson, int. in Kuls.
1506 & 1247 Kunaio, Honuala, Maui,
Dec. 15, 1917.
KAILIKALAKALA to Kawaipapa
Agrctl. Co., Ltd., R. P. 1906 rents,
etc., Kawaipapa, liana, Maui, Dec.
17, 1917. $40.
GEORGE K. KAHELEKUKONA by
Tr. to James C. Beissel, R. Ps. 3090
& 3$91, Honouliuli, Ewa, Oabu, &
3 pes. land, Waileli, etc., Hana,
Maui, Dec. 5, 1917. $1.
J. K. KAHOOKELE & WF. to Louis
Alau & wf. int. in R. P. 6093 Kul.
3452 Ap. 1 Halelau, Waiehu, Maui,
Dec. 10, 1917. $125.
ESTATE JAMES CAMPBELL by Trs.
to Kapiolanl Estate, Ltd., Mtges. Addl
Chges. & Addl. Secy, on various
pes. land, bldgs, rents, etc., Oahu,
Hawaii, Maui, Molokai, & Kauai.
Assignments Of Mortgage
ESTATE OF MARIA KING by Tr. to
Henry Waterhouse Trust Co., Ltd.,
Mtge. of Sarah E. Iirown on vari
ous pes. land, leaseholds, etc., Moa
kea & Molokai, Dec. 18, 1917.
Y. UCHIDA to Baldwin National
Bank of Kahului, leasehold, bldgs,
etc.. Market Street. Wailuku, Maui,
July 11, 1916. $2,250.
" " ... mi.. ............ B
to follow. Had the Haiku homestead
ers had such guidance from the begin
ning there is little question as to the
greater success that would have at
tended their efforts. Not the least
beneficial efforts that would have re
sulted is the elimination of the weak
kneed and faint hearted" at the very
beginning, since such would have
been shown, in concrete form, the
difficulties and costs that attend the
hewing out of a farm home from among
the semi-tropical wilds of an Haw
aiian mountain side.
The value of good roads to the
homesteaders cannot be over-estimated.
It borders on the criminal to
open for settlement lands that are
practically inaccessable. One of the
most serious obstacles that the Haiku
homesteaders met with was, first, the
heavy costs of transporting building
and other materials to their prospec
tive homes; and later to convey their
produce, in our case the bulky pine
apple crop, to the cannery. In the
memorable year of 1914 when our first
crops were harvested, wagons by the
score were mired and stalled; horses
maimed and even killed, and stout
hearted men discouraged by the un
equal struggle over roads without a
surface or bottom. Fortunately the
Government is remedying this serious
defect in the old policy by requiring
that roads be built before lands are
opened for entry. I take off my hat
to our Governor for this one sane re
form. I wish now and here to pay
tribute to the members of the Civic
Convention, and especially to the Ad
Club and its worthy President, for the
splendid boost they gave in securing
for us the fine macadamized roads
which now grace our farms in the
Haiku Homestead district. They are
a great asset and I know of no single
factor that will contribute more to
wards our success in the future than
the fine roads for which you are so
largely responsible. Next to good
roads, it is essential that an unfail
ing supply of water be provided for
domestic uses. Even in the wet Hai
ku district have we frequently been
handicapped for want of this preci
ous fluid, since most of us prefer it
"straight" and in large quantities.
The government should not neglect
this important factor.
The right kind of homesteader
must have and rightly will insist on
good schools for their children. For
tunately, these were soon provided
for us at Kuiaha, and I trust that this
has been the rule elsewhere as well.
Rural mail deliveries are import
ant especially in a homestead com
munity such as ours. To the credit
of one of our untiring members, Hai
ku is shortly to have the first rural
mail route -to be established in the
While all the factors thus far
mentiond, are essential and of great
importance, I know of none more es
sential than the provision of a staple
financial aid for the struggling home
steaders. Such support our Federal
government has established In its
Rural Credit act which, also due to
one of our members, is likely to have
its privilages extended to Hawaii. I
have often wished that our local
bankers might find ways and means
to go the government "one better" in
its aid towards the small farmer.
That this may well be possible I can
testify from my personal dealing with
them, since in my own case financial
support has been the least of my
Organization and cooperation
among farmers and especially the
homesteaders is as important and
fruitful of good results as In any
other business. Our Laws should be
such that every encouragement be
given the small man with limited
means but unbounding industry and
Returning again to the man factor,
I ennot lay too great a stress upon
the importance that applicants for
our public lands be carefully selected
and that the homestead requirements
be made under such and so enforced
that there remain no room for ex
ploitation and speculation such as has
characterized our homesteading in
the past. Personally I feel that our
present land laws should not be
changed until very careful study has
proved them inadequate. Certain it
is that they have not been put to an
adequate test thus far.
F. G. Krauss.
RED CROSS ITEMS
Under the efficient leadership of
Mrs. Dora von Tempsky, the Red
Cross work in Kula is growing stead
ily. Twenty-two women of different
nationalities are enrolled among the
regular workers. Two meetings a
month are held; one at Waiakao
school house; the other at Keokea.
Mrs. von Tempsky does all the cut
ting in advance, and distributes the
garments at the meetings. Most of
the sewing Is done at home by the
difierent workers. Since the 20th. of
October up to the 15th. of December
the following articles have been turn
123 pr. Pajamas.
42 pr. B. V. D's.
357 pr. Socks.
90 Hot Water Bags.
7 Bed Shirts.
Mrs. Hair and Mrs. Walker have
started a Red Cross sewing-circle for
the women of Hamakuapoko camp.
Meetings are held on Thursday after
noons at Mrs. Walker's.
MARY MEDEIROS & HSB. to Manuel
N. Vierra, Lot 1, Furtado Tract,
Wailuku, Maui, Dec. 13, 1917. $1100.
THE solo record of the observance
of the New Year by the pilgrims
In the new world, named New
England, was most prosaic, most brief.
"We went to work lietlmes," said Alice
Morse Earle, the famous Investigator
of old time Ainerienn customs. Many
of the good Turitan ministers thought
the celebration or even notice of the
doy in any way savored of Improper
and unchristian reverence for the
heathen god Janus. Yet they came
from a land where New Year was sec
ond In importance and In domestic ob
servance only to Christmas. Through
out every English county New Year's
eve was always celebrated. In many
It was called by the pretty name of
Singing E'en, from the custom which
obtained of singing the last of the
Christmas carols nt that time.
In Scotland the laRt day of the year
was called by the uglier name of Hog
manay, a name of unknown and In
explicable derivation, and in Scotland
It was regarded as the most popular
of all the "daft days," as the Christmas
holidays were termed. Scotch chil
dren of the poorer class in small towns
still ask on that day from door to door
at the houses of wealthier families for
a dole of oat bread, calling out "Hog
manay" or some of the local rimes
which are given In Chambers' "Popu
lar Rimes of Scotland," such as:
Give us of your white bread
And none of your gray!
They also ask for cheese, which they
call "nog money," and Brand's "Popu
lar Antiquities" gives this begging
rime used by Scotch children:
Oet up, Kudo wife, and blnno swelr
Deal cakes and cheese while ye are here.
For the time will come when yell be dead
And neither need your cheese nor bread.
As the children on these forays are
swathed lu great sheets formed Into a
deep bag or pouch to carry the oat
cake, they form quite a mumming and
Come, open your door I There's a friend
Who is anxious
to lid you a
lie rings at the
bell, and he's
ready to shout:
"The New Year
is in, and the
old year is
And long may
and long may
dwell with you all of
Come, run to the door I There's a friend
Oo hid him to en
ter and draw
p his chair.
Come, fill up his
pass him the
For fewer and
fewer are calls
Come, shout In
reply to his
"Long life to you, friend, and a happy
"A happy New Year and a wealth of
SI ay love and
er grow less.
May each year
May Time and
Como, run to the
a friend wait
enter and draw up kit
Come, open your heart t
friend waiting near
Who is anxious to
share in your
Be lungs for your
fain would he
The way to your
you not let him
Be knocks at the
you send him
Or greet him with love and implors Mat
Detroit Free frost.
Blatson Navigation Co.
Manoa . . .
Manoa . , .
Manoa . , ,
Manoa . . ,
Manoa . . ,
Matsonia; . .
Manoa . . ,
Sfime 3able-JCaliuiui Slailroad Co,
Daily Passenger Train Schedule (Except Sunday)
The following schedule went into effect June 4th, 1913-
A.. Wailuku. .L
.. Kahului ..
L " Spreck- "A
a-.: i,Tiiie ix
L" Hama- "A
.. Pauwela ..
L.. Haiku ..A
5 33'3 3
5 3 3 2
5 203 7j
5 ' 3 07
5 09 3 05;
S 00 a 55
1 258 42 6 3S
1 15 8 30 6 25
4 Si U 46
4 45 4o
4 44 39
4 4a 35!
TOWARDS PUUNENE TOWARDS KAHULUI
1 2 4
Pnmjtr rmmir JjlttaiM STATIONS u,tMCI PiMtntr PitMf
M Mllll . , , . Mlllt M p M
2 50 6 00 .0 a Puunene L 2 5 6 22 3 15
3 (X) ,6 10 2 , 5 A'r""ne"L Q 6 12 3 05
1. All trains daily except Sundays.
2. A Special Train (Labor Train) will leave Wailuku dally, except Sundays,
at 5:30 a. m., arriving at Kahului at 5:50 a. m., and connecting with
the 6:00 a. m. train for Puunene.
3. BAGGAGE RATES : 150 pounds of personal baggage will be carried free
of charge on each whole ticket, and 75 pounds on each half ticket, irhen
baggage is in charge of and on the same train as the holder of the ticket.
For excess baggage 25 cents per 100 pounds or part thereof will be
For Ticket Fares and other Information see Local Passenger Tariff I. C. C.
No. 3, or inquire at any of the Depots.
Harmon Motor Co., Phoenix
"have had minimum amount of
carbonization, and can heartily
Roesch Motor Car Co., Seattle
"we gladly recommend Zrrolene
for Velie cars and trucks."
The Standard Oil for Motor Cars
Endorsed by Leading Car Distributors
because the records of their service departments show that
Zerolene, correctly refined from California asphalt base
crude, gives pertect lubrication
more power, least carbon de
posit. Dealers Everyw here and at Our
Standard Oil Company
Tue Jun 19 Tue Jun 26 Tue July 3 Tue July 10
Thu Jun 28 Wed July 4 Ved July 11 Tue July 17
Tue July 3 Tue July 10 Tue Julv 17 Tue July 34
Thu July 12 ,Wed July IS Wed July 25 Tue July 31
Tue July 17 Tue July 24 Tue July 31 Tue Aug T
Thu July 26 Wed Aug 1 Wed Aug 8 Tue Aug 14
Tue July 31 Tue Aug 7jTuc Aug 14 Tue Aug 31
Thu Aug 9 Wed Aug 15 Wed Aug 22 Tue Aug 21
Tue Aug 14 Tue Aug 21 Tue Aug 28 Tue Sept 4
Thu Aug 23 Wed Aug 29 Wed Sept 5 Tue Sept 11
Tue Aug 28 Tue Sept 4 Tue Sept 11 Tue Sept II
Thu Sept 6 Wed Sept 12 Wed Sept 19 Tue Sept 35
Tue Sept 11 Tue Sept 18 Tue Sept 25 Tue Oct 3
Thu Sept 20 Wed Sept 26 Wed Oct 3 Tue Oct t
Tue Sept 25 Tue Oct 2 Tue Oct 9 Tue Oct 16
Thu Oct 4 Wed Oct 10 Wed Oct 17 Tue Oct 23
Tue Oct 9 Tue Oct 16 Tue Oct 23 Tue OcJ 30
Thu Oct 18 Wed Oct 24 Wed Oct 31 Tue Not
Tue Oct 23 Tuo Oct 30 Tue Nov 6 Tue Nov 13
Thu Nov 1 Wed Nov 7 Wed Nov 14 Tue Nov 20
Tuo Nov 6 Tue Nor 13 Tuo Nov 20 Tue Nov 37
Thu Nov 15 Wed Nov 21 Wed Nov 28 Tue Deo 4
Tue Nov 20 Tue Nov 27 Tue Dec 4 Tuo Dec 11
Thu Nov 29 Wed Dec 5 Wed Dec 12 Tue Deo 18
Tue Dec 4 Tue Doc 11 Tue Dec 18 Tue Deo 25
Thu Dec 13 Wed Dec 19 Wed Dec 26 Tue Jan 1
Tue Dec 18 Tue Doc 25 j Tue Jan 1 Tue Jan S
Thu Dec 27 Wed Jan 2 Wed Jan 9 Tue Jan 15
6 40 8 50,1 30'
6 5o'9 oojl 403 45
1 4 3 47,
1 5V 57
53 3 58
05 4 10
7 35 L
W. H. Wallingford, Portland
"weknow that Zerulene will give
efficient and satisfactory lubrica
H. O. Harrison Co., San Francisco
"many owners of Hudson cars use
Zcrulenc. Vi'e hear nothing but
praise for it."