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THE MAUI NEWS, FRIDAY, JANUARY 4, 1913.
THE MAUI NEWS
Entered at the Tost Office at Wailuku, Maui, Hawaii, as second-class matter.
A Republican Paper Published in the Interest of the People
Issued livery Friday.
MAUI PUBLISHING COMPANY, LIMITED,
Proprietor! and Publishers
Subscription Rates, $2.50 ter Year in Advance.
L. D. TIMMONS : : : EDITOR AND MANAGER
1 Rl DAY : : : JANUARY 4.1918.
AUTHORS OP THEIR OWN PATE
II is the duty of every true American to l.c on the alert fur manifes
tations of disloyalty in our country's present crisis, whether such
evidences appear in words or deeds. Extreme care is necessary, how
ever, for we all know how easily untruth starts up and how quickly it
spreads. In these serious times some persons are quite likely to he
criticized and charged wrongfully. That, possibly, cannot he avoided;
hut we can go a long way tow ard it by heiug certain of our facts hefore
taking such action as may seem proper.
American citizens of German nativity in the Islands occupy an
unusual position, hut it is easily definable and if through it they arrive
at embarrassment it will almost invariably be their own fault. If they
.re true to the oaths taken at such times as they became American
citizens, the fact will show in their daily life and conduct. There will
be no "ifs" and "ands" with them; and the public will absorb, as it
were, from their little acts and words a more or less accurate estimate
of their loyalty, or lack of it, as the case may be. The American of
German birth or ancestry who is thoroughly loyal to the United States
will openly, persistently and with pride proclaim that loyalty. If lie
has not a strong inclination to do that, and does not "come through"
with it. he is still German. The matter cannot be reasoned out in
any other way.
It is, therefore, up to the American citizen of German origin. He
1-iniself will be the author of such estimate as may be, in any serious
analysis, established in respect to him. Any embarrassment that may
come his way will be attracted thither by sins of commission or omission
ot his own against the government and ideals he has sworn to sustain
at all limes and under all circumstances.
KAISER'S NEW YEAR ADDRESS
In his New Year address to his armies, the Kaiser, after expressing
satisfaction with past war results, observed that "The enemy is still hop
ing that new allies w ill defeat you, and destroy forever the position "won
by German hard effort".
The almost pitiable feature of this remark is the childish simplic
ity of the ignorance displayed. It indicates that the Kaiser has not the
slightest conception of the weight of the blow which is being rapidly
prepared for his head, lie does not seem to realize that he is soon to
meet a nation that has never known defeat and has already discounted
possibilities of reverses in the war against l'russianism. The un
lortunate part of it is that most of the German people will believe him
and will continue to blindly lumber on in a faith that the Kaiser and
his alleged partnership with God will eventually triumph.
This situation should cause every American to realize that there must
not be, in this war, any talk or thought of stopping short of the corpplete
overthrow of the German government and the crushing out of militarism
and Prussianism in Germany. Inasmuch as a majority of the German
people blindly follow the Kaiser, there should be no thought of peace,
and no peace overtures or suggestions should be received or even tolerat
ed until the back of Prussianism is definitely and permanently broken
and the Kaiser and the impulses which he represents are humbled into
the dust. We have every reason to believe that that is the policy of our
country, and haven't the slightest misgivings as to the result.
It would be charitable, perhaps, to conclude that the New Year
address of the Kaiser was a whistle to keep his courage up. Rut we
have our doubts. It looks like a case of pitiable ignorance.
THE iiS CARMVAL
The carnival idea is a good one. That is conceded generally, and
the hope is probaly equally general that it may stand as a permanent,
annual affair. To let it lapse even for one year would weaken the
spirit which has made it a success in the past, and we would not like
to see that. Public thought, however, is just at present centered upon
questions quite foreign to celebrations or festivities, and, when it comes
right down to the point, we would not have it otherwise under the
circumstances. Hut there is possibly a middle ground. For instance,
we might go ba'ck to the original plan and have a real, good program
which would last only the one clay Friday, February 22. That would
satisfy Honolulu. It would meet the approval and convenience of the
outer islands. There are no tourists nowadays anyhow, so that that
consideration, which has always been behind the argument in favor of
extending the festivities over a number of days or a week, does not now
Do not give up the carnival. Eet us have it, but trim off the fag
ends and frayed exteriors so that the best of the program may fit into
one day. That would please and satisfy everybody, and would keep
life in an institution which we had hoped had come to stay.
SANTA CLAUS, GERMAN
The war of civilization against Germany suggests the propriety of
c'.oing away entirely with the false name of "Santa Claus", and going
back to what it should be "Saint Nicholas". Germany foisted the
name "Santa Claus" upon the world, and it stuck; although it had no
more right to recognition than "Santa Sam", "Santa John Bull" or any
other name, or nickname. Now that the authors of the name have done
so much to desecrate it, that part of the world which has been faithful
to the Christmas spirit should squelch "Santa Claus", for good and all.
The person associated with the main phase of our observance of
Christmas was Saint Nicholas, of Myra, one of the chief saints in the
Roman Catholic church, known as "the wonder worker". He was born
at Patara, in the province of Eycia, toward the end of the third century,
End died at Myra, where he was a bishop, December 6, A. D. 342. lie
was venerated east and west as a worker of miracles and saint, and the
patron of little children, unwedded maidens and sailors. In 1087 his
body was exhumed and removed to his native city, Patara, arriving
there on May 9 of that year amid great rejoicing. The practice of mak
ing Christmas a festival for children, and associating Saint Nicholas
with it, was taken up first in Greece, but spread almost immediately to
Rome and throughout Catholic countries generally.
Many years afterward the Germans took up the matter, and for
the purpose of Germanizing the name of the patron saint of Christmas,
.-hanged it from "Nicholas" to "Claus" and, sad now to relate, the
Christian world "fell for it", to use an American, slang expression.
We would like to see this matter taken up in all the countries of
the Allies before another Christmas comes around, and a quietus put on
i his far-reaching, German fraud.
NOT A PAIR DEAL
The lease of 486 acres of pasture land known as Alai and Waipo
mauka-makai, on Maui, has come in for a decidedly rough deal at the
hands of somebody in the Territorial government. The lease on these
lands had fifteen years more to run. In November rental for six
months in advance was paid. Now, without previous warning of any
kmd, the owner of the lease is notified to vacate as the government
wishes to withdraw the land.
The right of the government to withdraw land under lease is ad
mitted, but in a case of a long lease, where a business enterprise is es
tablished upon the land, and rental paid in advance, it seems to us that
adequate notice (say, six months) should be given jn order that the
party, or parties, affected may be able to make essential adjustments.
I o abruptly terminate a lease of this character is not the wish of a
iair-minded public and is not in accord with the spirit of American
In the instance above referred to, the harm has, possibly, already
been done; but we hope that in future the government will proceed in
a May that may more closely safeguard justice to all parties concerned
in any given lease proposition .
Again : Government land put up for lease should be offered on
the island upon which the land is situated, and not sold at Honolulu.
The small man can seldom afford to make trips from the outer islands
to Honolulu for the purpose of bidding on leases to land next door to
him. and is in many cases shut out of bidding on that account. The pres
ent system plays squarely into,the hands of the "big fellow", and has no
advantages. Eet sales of leases to public lands be invariably held in
front of the court houses, on the islands of which the lands form a part.
SOME PRODUCTION ADVICE
The advice of the department of agriculture is almost invariably
good. In this connection our attention has been attracted to the follow
mg, which the department suggests should be drilled into everybody :
(A) Each community should produce its own food and feed so
iar as practicable.
(15) Production of non-perishable staples should be increased be
yond local needs in each locality in which they can be produced most
profitably. These staples include wheat, rye, beans and rice.
(C) Commercial production of perishables should be increased
above normal only as the facilities for transportation and marketing are
assured. The home vegetable garden should be encouraged to the ex
tent of supplying as fully as possible the needs of the family growing
If this advice concerning kitchen gardens is followed, it will save
disappointment such as came to many this last season. Certain cnthu
iasts have pushed the kitchen garden idea to absurd lengths, with harm
ful results to the cause of food conservation. Do, but don't overdo, is
a wise rule. When the Food Administrator advises suburbanites to keep
a pig, that doesn't mean to start out with a dozen. Good sense is at a
premium in food substitution as elsewhere.
We arc not inclined to believe that negotiations between Russia
and Germany for peace will be broken off so easily as last night's wire
less seems to make itappear possiblc.Therelease of Russian food supplies
to Germany and Austria; the release of hundreds of thousands of Teu
ton prisoners held in Russia; the release of Teuton armies from the
Russian front for service in France and in Italy these are a few of
the things that make peace with Russia absolutely necessary to Ger
many if the. war is to go on longer. Before giving up the effort for
peace with Russia, German' will crawl will concede anything as
we shall yet see. We would be glad to see Russia reassert herself and
let urn to battle with her 3.000,000 fighting men, but, somehow, we lack
confidence in such a possibility.
There are far too many auto accidents on our roads, and in anal
zing the cases it is found that they are due to incompetency at the
'wheel. The principals in a large majority of accidents are chaffeurs
holding licenses to drive, and the public assumes that, in all such cases,
the license holders have successfully passed the necessary examinations
and tests. There is something wrong. Either the tests are of such a
character as not to reveal the unfitness of candidates for chauffeur's
privileges, or they are not carefully administered. We do not wish
'lo complain against anyone specifically, for it is hard to determine
just where thc fault lies; but surely something ought to be done about
it. It seems to us that if the fault. cannot oherwise be determined and
remedied, the supervisors should overhaul the whole matter by a search
The very high freight rate to lie allowed the steamers for trans
porting sugar from the Islands to the refineries may not prove such a
handicap as first thought might make it appear. Of course the arrange
ment will work out advantageously to the beet growers of the west and
the cane sugar producers of Eouisiana and Texas ; but, inasmuch as the
higher freight rates apply also to Cuba, Porto Rico and other sugar
sections of the world, we are placed on a footing with those localities
iJmost, or quite, the same as before. Of course it is not yet altogether
clear how the arrangement will work out all the way through, but view
ing the situation in a general way we arc unable to see that the net
results to us w ill be other than about an even break with what we may
have reasonably expected.
In their desire to leave nothing reasonable undone in the effort to
instruct the masses on the importance of food conservation, leaders of
certain organizations on Maui laid out plans for a campaign of short
.pceches in the theaters, where a large number of people could be reach
ed directly and in a manner likely to be impressive. The facts of the
situation and aims were communicated to the new head of this particular
iine of work at Honolulu, and drew out a response which was little
short of: "Now, don't butt in I'm running this thing. If I need your
services I will call for them in my own good time". It is unnecessary
to state what the effect of this rebuff has been here. It is the same as
it would have been in any other patriotic community, trying in every
possible way to do its "bit".
The mainland seismographs which located the Guatemala earth
quakes near the Hawaiian Islands, were considerably off in their bear
ings; but, while sympathizing deeply with Guatemala, we are not dis
pleased that the instruments made a mistake regarding the matter.
The county sheriff points out that he is unable to check reckless
(riving on the roads without the motorcycle officers asked for. This
puts the responsibility up to the Supervisors. What will they do about
it at their next meeting? We shall see.
So, then, if a black man of India becomes a white man by virtue
of his particular class distinction, we suppose a white man of India be
(omes a black man if he docs not belong to some such class, eh?
ir?lffi Tf Fiylvif?
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