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THE MAUI NEWS, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1918.
THE MAUI NEWS
Entered at the Post Office at Wailuku, Maul, Hawaii, as second-clan matter.
A Republican Paper Published in the Interest of the People
Issued Every Friday.
MAUI PUBLISHING COMPANY, LIMITED,
Proprietor and Publishers.
Subschmion Rates, $2.50 ter Year in Advance.
L. D. TIMMONS
EDITOR AND MANAGER
OUR ATTITUDE TOWARD ENEMIES
"We do not ivish in any way to impair or to rearrange the Austrian
Hungarian Umpire. It is no affair of ours what they do with their
own life, either industrially or politically. We do not purpose or desire
to dictate to them in any way. We only desire to see that their affairs
are left in their own hands, in all matters, great or small.
"We shall hope to secure for the people of the Balkan Peninsula
uid the Turkish Empire the power and right to make their own lives
safe, their own fortunes secure against oppression or injustice and from
the dictation of foreign courts or parties.
"And our attitude with regard to Germany herself is of a like kind.
We intend no wrong against the German Empire, no interference with
affairs. We are in fact fighting for her people's emancipa
tion from fear along with our own from the fear as well as from the
fact of unjust attack by neighbors, or rivals, or schemers after world
empire.. .No one is threatening the existence or independence of the
peaceful enterprise of the German Empire." (Prom the President's
Message of Dec. 4.)
THAT "CONSERVATION" MEETLXG
A gratifying feature of the conservation meeting held in the Kahu
lui Community House Tuesday evening was the keen interest manifest
ed by both sneakers and audience in the various phases of the subject
under discussion. Deep concern and determination were in evidence,
the meaning of which can only be that the food pledge drive, which
will begin on the 13th., will be a success. The program was so arrang
ed that experts from all fields to be affected by the conservation pro
gram were heard, and the information drawn out was not only intense
ly interesting but instructive in the highest degree.
Many points in the speeches impressed us favorably, and a great
deal might ue written in endorsement of them. One, particularly (the
point made by Mr. Barter, of the cannery interests, that no canned
foods be used), was striking. We have in the past advocated the
use of locally canned vegetables, legumes, etc., on the theory that peo
p'e simply would use the canned article anyway and that by confining
Their purchases to home canned goods, the imported product might be
left where it is, on the mainland, for use in connection with the war.
Acting upon what seemed to be a reasonably large demand, the Haiku
Fruit & Tacking Company started canning local produce, in addition
to pineapples, on quite an extensive scale, and it began to look as though
the idea would work out all right. Now, however, Uncle Sam has
entered the field and asks for the entire local pack and every patriot
is willing that he should have it !
There is enough fresh stuff left, however, for all local needs, plus a
great deal for the assistance of Honolulu; and Mr. Barter's suggestion
tiiat the residue be used is timely, businesslike and patriotic. On Tuesday
l'uunene Store will go extensively into the business of keeping and
delivering locally grown, fresh produce, and we hope the people of
Maui will show their appreciation of this patriotic endeavor by backing
it to the limit. Other stores of Maui will, we assume, follow this
splendid example, until, at no distant day, we will be helping Uncle
Sam to our limit, in this particular line, and taking care of ourselves
as well. What, pray, could be nearer true "conservation?" What
could be nearer the ideas of the President and the Food Administra
tion than that?
In furtherance of this idea, we believe the time has now come for
merchants to cease entirely the importation of canned meats and canned
vegetables. It is difficult to stop, or even curtail, the use of imported
foodstuffs so long as the merchants conspicuously display such, in
pretty wrappers, on their shelves. We can get along for a few months
without most, if not all, canned goods. It is up to the merchants to
automatically assist conservation at this point by ceasing to import,
until such time as the necessity for food conservation no longer exists.
Splendid progress has been made in the effort to conserve flour,
but to date only the better informed among our people have been im
pressed with the necessity of Hour saving. Ihere are among us many
who do not read the papers (in fact, do not read at all.) Hundreds of
them do not know that a conservation campaign is on, and hundreds
upon hundreds more have only the vaguest ot ideas about it. One
numerically important element of Maui's population uses wheat flour
almost exclusively for its bread. It has done so in the past and is do
ing so today. This element has no language newspaper here, and the only
ways to reach it are through the few who read English and understand,
rr by personal adv ice and instruction of the conservation workers. It is a
problem, but it must be tackled and worked out. If it cannot be work
ed out in any other way, it may yet become advisable to cease import
ing flour in any quantity whatever until the need for saving is over.
But this is getting away from the subject of the meeting in Kahu
lui. That gathering was a public affair (a sort of mass meeting,) and
it worked ot well. Open discussions are of great advantage in times
like these, and we hope that there may be other meetings of the same
We commend the ladies in charge for the very excellent idea.
PATIENCE MISTAKEN FOR COWARDICE
Cardinal James Gibbons, of Baltimore, a leader of the Roman
Catholic hierachy and the College of Cardinals, and one of the pro
foundest thinkers and most influential heads of the Catholic church in
America and the world, thinks that America's patience and forbearance
have been mistaken by Germany for cowardice. The Cardinal has just
issued a statement on the matter which is gaining wide publicity and
will doubtless make an impression in Europe. One part of his letter,
wnich is ot interest everywhere, is as follows :
"As an evidence of the righteousness of America's cause in the war,
I would point to the patience of our President and Congress under the
long series of grave injuries and broken pledges endured bv the United
States during the time that Germany was professing its friendship for
us. We were shocked to see our property unjustly destroyed in vast
quantity, but what was immeasurably more serious, to read of our men,
women, and children killed in violation of the universally accepted cus
toms of the sea.
Folly to Hope for Chanqe
"When at length not only American citizens but neutrals every
where suffered appallingly under the cruelties of a nation which hesi
tated not to disregard international law we learned that patience was
being construed as cowardice, and that it was folly to hope that wiser
counsels would prevail among our enemies to bring about a change in
1 1: im .1.1- 1
men lawless puncy. men we iook me oniy course open to us, the ae-
iense of our sovereign rights as a nation and the upholding of the
ideals ot truth and justice in the hearts of all peoples.
"We have entered into the struggle with a clean conscience, seek
ing no territorial or financial gain, but the peace of the world, the liber
ty of its people, and the security of all nations."
We hope that the Maui branch of the American Vigilance Corps
will take steps to see that no more alien enemies are shippd as sailors,
from the Sound to ports of this island, on lumber vessels. We have
one too many alien enemies here already, and do not want any more,
either as residents, stop-overs or sailors on ships.
GERMAN STRIKE CANARDS
There is quite probably unrest and a desire for peace in Germany
and Austria, and there have doubtless been demonstrations in the in
terest of peace movements, in both of those countries; but when Berlin
ind Vienna begin firing out into the world reports of strikes and rioting
and blue revolution, our suspicions are aroused. This frrmt strike
rumor came first from Vienna through Switzerland, and was followed
by direct, official confirmation of the gravest disorders in the Austrian
capital. If the rumors were true if the Austrian government were
in the throes of near-revolution, as was stated does any sane man
inagine that the Austrian government would be the first to flash the
tact out to the world and enemies on the battlefield?
Ollicial Germany first sent out the news of strikes in Berlin and
elsewhere in Germany ; and the reports were confirmed by the German
papers, wnicn are controlled by and lorced to be the mouthpieces of the
iNaiser. inese newspapers, containing tne aiarminir renor s. were sent
y wholesale into Holland, whence it was known that their statements
would reach the Allies without delay.
It the reports were true, Germany and Austria could not be re
garded as other than on their last legs. And if that were really the
tuation, any sane mind will likely agree that the Teuton governments
would turn their countries upside down before allowing any hint of it
reaching the Allies.
We are inclined to accept the Holland opinion that Germany is
practicing another ruse. She is seeking to fool the Allies into believing
that she is neanng the end, in the hope and expectation that the latter
may ease up on their preparation for the big drive in the Spring. If
the Entente powers are as wise as we think they now are, they will
pay no attention to the new lies from Berlin, and will go on with their
plans with increased energy and determination.
Until we have something more substantial to rely on we shall re
gard all strike and rioting reports from Germany and Austria as more
or less canards.
DECEPTION OF GERMAN PEOPLE
The United States government has given out, through the Official
Bulletin, copies of instructions issued by the German government to
German newspapers during the months of April, May, June and July,
this year, telling them what they shall not publish and what they may
publish, but prescribing how the latter shall be treated and used. The
long list of orders to the papers, as they were issued to the German pub
lications, were procured by Uncle Sam's long arm, and make interesting
readin g, for they show in the most positive way that the German gov
ernment is not only censoring the news but is compelling the news
papers of that country to publish falsehoods by wholesale.
In these orders, for instance, the papers are forbidden to publish
anything whatever about strikes, or labor unrest ; are to minimize Ger
man reverses and play, up, with big headlines, successes. "The dis
cussions in the Austrian Parliament ," says one order,, "are
to be carefully concealed," while the coming of American troops is to
be belittled, so as to allay alarm.
There is a lot of it, and it is rich reading. In due course we will
likely have copies of other orders to the German newspapers regard
ing American operations on the battle front, which will be even more
The whole thing goes to prove, in the most conclusive way, that
the German government, in a systematic manner, is withholding from
the people of that country all facts concerning the war except such as
may keep them hopeful of eventual success. Fine state of affairs, eh?
Speaking of fairs, county and Territorial, there is this to be said:
We are at this moment rapidly approaching one of the most critical
periods in the history of the country. In a few months the greatest
republic on earth will measure swords with the strongest autocracy
the world has ever known. The crash will jar every part of our land,
to the extent that Americans will be thinking of it first of all and have
iittle time or inclination to think of anything else. Our experience
here is destined to be the same, and it is doubtful that, in the Spring
or in June, any great enthusiasm will develop itself in the matter ot
lairs. We are heartily in favor of such institutions. We do not favor
passing over any good thing on account of the war, provided that peo
ple are in a frame of mind to warm up to it. But under the circum
stances, with the outlook ahead, we have our doubts that anything of
large consequence can be accomplished in the way of fairs this year.
Perhaps it would be best to plan modestly and let it go at that.
The ladfes of Maui have, thus far, done well in planning for food
pledge week, which will begin on the 13th. of this month; and can
really go little farther with their original outlines. Among the people
who read and think there is undoubtedly interest and enthusiasm as to
tne campaign. We have with us, however, people of various national
ities who do not read, and, being uninformed, conservation methods in
general appear as an imposition. They do not understand the need of
it, and, under the circumstances, everything depends upon a carefully
manipulated campaign of education. Everybody can help in this in
the effort to inform these people of the exact meaning of "food pledge
week' and the necessity for it. It will require tact, patience and per
severence but by a reasonable employment of these we believe
t!.e veil may lifted and all of the people may be induced to
come in, take the pledge and live up to the rules.
The Navvilivvili breakwater proposition has been repeatedly urged
iy unanimous vote of the Chamber of Commerce of Kauai, and at the
request of that organization was, some years ago, endorsed by all the
commercial organizations of the Islands. There was never any opposi
t.on to a suitable harbor at that island, although there always has been
some question as to just where it should be located so as bring the
greatest good to the largest number. If homesteaders were the
consideration, Nawiliwili has had rather the best of the argument in
Cm past; but with the impending opening of new lands above Hanapepe
and around Kekaha, Port Allen as a possibility is brought more insist
ently to the front again. The best (and most ) tillable lands owned by
the Territory today are on the island of Kauai, so that the choice of this
narbor, as it may affect homesteads, is of general interest to all the
F. W. Koehnen, bookkeeper and confidential man in the branch
house of llackfeld & Company, at Hilo, when confronted with the ac
cusation that he is an alien enemy backs into a corner and whines that
he is an American at heart and is not in sympathy with Germany in
the war. une cannot get away from the fact, however, that Koehnen
has been a resident of these Islands for nine years and during that
long period has remained a German, not accepting the citizenship which
was freely offered him by. our laws; and, no matter how good a man
ne may otherwise be, the Americanism which he now professes (under
business stress) lias not rung true in the past.
Mr. Krauss brings the cheering news that the Parker Ranch, on
Hawaii, besides going extensively into corn, will begin the cultivation
of wheat. On the higher plains included in that estate there are lands
which are suitable for wheat, and if climatic conditions are to be relied
0:1, the experiment should prove quite successful. The matter is of
the great importance to the Islands, for if the effort to grow wheat
on a large scale is successful our principal food problem will be settled
for all time. Manager Alfred W. Carter deserves much credit for the
patriotism and enterprise he is showing in trying to solve our food ques
tion m a large way.
We might as well familiarize ourselves with the new word "Bolo
ism," a product of the war which we are advised will come into gtneral
use soon, not only in the United States but throughout the world. The
man Bolo, while posing as a loyal Frenchman, really acted in Paris,
New York and elsewhere as a most dangerous, German agent The
term "Boloist" will probably soon,be applied to the man who c".' .ns to
be loyal, but secretly acts the part of a traitor; and "Boloism" to his
species of treachery. We have just been treated at Honolulu to some
incidents of near "Boloism."
TAN ARMY BLUCHER
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