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title: 'The Maui news. (Wailuku, Maui, H.I.) 1900-current, March 01, 1918, Page SIX, Image 6',
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THE MAUI NEWS, FRIDAY, MARCH 1, 1918.
Paia And Haiku Hard Hit
By The Drought In 1917
(Continued from Page One.)
daily capacity of 125 million gallons.
We wore unable to operate our large
electrically driven pump during most
of the summer as there was not wa
ter enough in the ditch to supply
sufficient power for the hydro-electric
generator. Two small turbine pumps
were driven from caterpillars to help
out. The total rainfall fo the year
was 34.67 inches; 25 inches of which
fell during the first four and last two
months of the year. During 1916 we
had 68.91 Inches of rain well distribut
ed throughout the year.
In June, to add to our perplexities
scattered outbreaks of anthrax oc
curred among cattle on Maui, cattle
dying in two of our paddocks. Through
the efficient and timely efforts of our
local veterinary officer with aid from
Territorial headquarters the disease
was stamped out w-ith but little loss
Labor conditions were satisfactory
except that we were somewhat short-
handed during the harvesting season
A bonus of $429,000 was paid to the
laborers at the end of the year
nearly twice as much as for the pre
vious year's work.
The estimate as given in last year's
report for this crop was 36,500 tons
The harvesting was not finished until
July 26 and there was considerable
deterioration and drying of cane in
the last harvested fields. We bagged
36,M)o tons of sugar from which we
netted over and above marketing ex-
penses $109 per ton. The average
yield per acre was 8.5 tons sugar, the
crop being harvesting from 1,564 acres
of plant cane and 2,66" acres of ra
toons. 1918 Crop
The drought did great damage to
this crop. During the best growing
season the fields at too high an eleva
tion to be Irrigated with pump wa
ter suffered severely, some going 150
days without an irrigation and with
very little rain. We raised to maturi
ty for this crop 1,557 acres of plant
cane and 3,358 acres of ratoons, a
total of 4,914 acres which is the
largest acreage ever attempted by us.
The large area and dry year made an
unfortunte combination. Without or
inary weather conditions we could
have expected a crop of at least 40,
000 tons but probably the yield will
not be much over 27,000 tons, depend
ing on the quality of the juice. We
Klid .not begin harvesting until Janu
ary 2 so as to permit the cane to
grow for as long as possible. So far
the juices have been exceedingly low
In sucrose and purity, but most of the
cane has not tasselled and is still
growing. This extra growth may
make up for poor Juices.
For this crop we have 1,490 acres
of plant cane and 2,775 acres of
ratoons a total of 4,265 acres. We
had planned to carry on about 500
acres more of ratoons, but lost it on
account of the dry weather. We
commenced planting at the end of
March and put in 670 acres
by the middle of July when we had
to stop for lack of water. Since that
time we were able to plant practical
ly nothing until the latter part of No
vember and did not finish until De
cember 31. All of the replanting in
the ratoons, and there was a great
deal of it, was very late. The last
field planted is a field of 300 acres
of virgin land in the Kailua section
between Paia and Keahua which
should do well under favorable condi
tions because of the richness of the
We plan to plant about 1,600 acres
and will ratoon enough to bring the
total up to about 4,500 acres whic h I
think is all we should grow for any
one crop unless wo increase our
The average extraction for the sea
son was 98.65 per cent, which I think
Is an Island record for milling. To
tal losses were 9.41 per 100 sucrose
in cane. We obtained a ton of sugar
from slightly under seven tons of
cane. The cost of manufacture was
about eighty cents (80c.) higher than
for 1916, but this was due to higher
cost of containers and our not being
able to keep the mill supplied with
cane which resulted in the need of
more auxiliary fuel and larger labor
This department did well, making
a fair profit. The pasture held up
better through the drought than usual
because of the introduced foreign
grasses and this was augmented by
fodder crops raised on the ranch and
waste molasses from the mill was
hauled to the different paddocks
We sold 1,400 tons of pines to the
cannery and have a promising crop
to come off in 1918. We have quite
an acreage planted and to be planted
in corn, sweet potatoes, cassava and
fodder crops and have ordered a dry
ing and grinding outfit, that will en
able us to provide flour and cornmeal
for human consumption and most of
the stock feed needed for the work
animals both on the ranch and the
plantation. We are now supplying
our own stores and other stores on
Maul with cornmeal and are shipping
considerable quantities to Honolulu
We have also started a pig ranch or
farm department at Hamakuapoko
utilizing land not wanted for cane
We have continued the forestry
work as in, the past Betting out 350,-
000 new plantings and 75,000 replants
Our work in this line has resulted in
a splendid forestry growth in the Kai
liilii region, where the land was bare
of trees, protecting our fee simple wa
ter sources and providing firewood
for, plantation uses.
Considerable has been done In the
way of improvements in the past year
$11,000 Worth Of
Maui Beans Sent To
Coast At $8-9 Bag
Nearly $11,000 worth of Maul beans
have been shipped to the coast
through the Territorial Marketing Di
vision, the growers receiving from $8
to $9 a bag for them .
Last week 1400 bags were sent to
a California packing firm which in
tends to put them up in cans. The
firm has also requested a tentative
offer for next year's Maul crop and
has requested that the growers plant
as large an acreage as possible this
As a means of disposing of the
beans locally, which is especially de
sired, it has been suggested that the
pineapple canneries during the win
ter months might undertake the can
ning of them.
Due to the recent rough weather a
number of shipments of beef from the
other islands have been delayed.
which are and will be of great value
to the plantation.
Cement Plant: This was complet
ed and was put Into operation as soon
as we had power available from the
hydro-electric. Since December 7 we
have been turning out about 65 bar
rels of first-class Portland cement per
day. This will fill our own require
ments and all that is needed by the
Kast Maui Irrigation Company for
ditch lining besides allowing us to
pell at a profit over 10,000 barrels
Factory: We have put in a forty-
ton vacuum pan and sixteen wooden
crystallizers of 1200 cubic feet capaci
ty each and four 48x38 centrifugals
and mixer for same. This will en-
ible us to get a much higher recov
ery of sugar and to make a Detter
article for refining. There has been
an, addition made to our sugar ware
house that gives us 5,000 tons more
storage capacity and we have built a
fireproof bag-making and storage
room in which we can store 3,000 tons
of sugar. We are now installing and
will have completed in time for this
year's repair work, (unless there is
further commandeering by the gov
ernment) a full equipment of electri
cally driven machine tools. unis
will put us in a position to do all our
repair work ourselves.
Electric Generators: During the
Summer purchased a second-hand 300
K. W. generator, obtained in Hono
lulu, to help out our hydro, and have
on the way from the Coast two more
units of 250 K. W. capacity each
which are second handed, but have
seen scarcely any use. This will
provide us with an outfit capable of
supplying ample current ror our pres
ent needs at such times as our ditch
is too low to run the hydro-electric
plant. We would have saved many
times Its cost if we had been so equip
ped during the past year.
Ditch Extension: We have com
pleted a two-mile extension of our up
per ditch towards Kihel Including a
concrete inverted syphon of consiaer-
able magnitude across Kailua Gulch
This will open up for planting pur
poses about 600 acres of our best
land, half of which has been planted.
We were disappointed not to be able
to commence work on the proposed
new ditch in the water-shed region on
account of delay in obtaining a renew
al of the old Hamakua Ditch water
license. We have now secured
twenty-one-year extension of this
license and work will begin immedi
ately. This new ditch will take the
place of the upper Hamakua Ditch
which is too small and is in bad re
Hou6e Accommodations: There
have been built during the year about
100 new laborers' houses and a dozen
cottages for higher class employees,
These were badly needed and will be
of much benefit.
Cement Gun: We have a new im
proved cement gun with which we are
doing some excellent reservoir lining
and have built two experimental camp
houses. With lumber at present
prices, using our own cement, we can
build gunito houses as cheap as ordi
nary frame houses that are absolutely
fire-proot and practically indestruct-
..Alcohol Distillery: We are now
putting up a distillery to make al
cohol from waste molasses. From
this product we will make by a patent
process an exceedingly good gasoline
substitute that will be invaluable to
us and the community if there
develops a gasoline shortage.
FOR CAKE MAKING
SAVE SUGAR FOR OUR
SOLDIERS AND THE ALLIES
BY MAUI WOMEN
A Department Of Domestlo Economy Intended To Serve A Patriotic
Purpose In Conserving Food Needed By The Allied Armlet In Europe
Compllled by Mrs. David Wadsworth i
Meat Ball and Dumpling
Une lb. lower round of beef. Wipe
clean, chop fine. Add one half cup
stale bread crumbs, 1 egg slightly
beaten, tsp. salt, little pepper, few
grains nutmeg. Shape into little
balls like large marbles, using as lit
tle pressure as possible. Cover and
stand an hour. Brown in Crisco or
other fat as preferred. Melt 2 tbl.
butter, add 2 tb. flour, stir till blend
ed. Pour on gradually, stirring-one
and three quarters cupfuls brown
stock. Bring to boiling point, sea
son with salt and pepper. Add meat
balls, simmer gently hour and a half.
Add dumplings twenty minutes be
fore time to serve and do not uncover
while they are cooking.
One cupful flour sifted with va tsp.
salt and tsp. baking powder. Add
milk to make firm drop batter and
add by teaspoonfuls to the meat.
Soak one cup stale bread crumbs
in one cup milk fifteen minutes.
Melt one tb. butter, add one half cup
mild cheese. Stir till cheese melts.
Add soaked crumbs, one slightly
beaten egg, tsp. salt, little cayen
ne. " Cook three minutes and pour
over buttered and toasted crackers.
Beef en Casserole
Take one pound of upper round of
beef, cleanse and cut in Inch cubes.
Saute in crisco, add little hot water,
diced carrots and one or two small
onions. Put in casserole and cook
In medium oven an hour or a little
more. Add a can of peas fifteen
minutes before time to serve; also,
add to the meat when putting into
oven, three cloves, 4 peppercorns or
tsp. pepper, paprika, and a little
Worcestershire or Kitchen Bouquet.
Parker House Rolls
Two cups white flour, one cupful
rye, 4 level tsp. baking powder, scant
tsp. salt, two level tsp. sugar, sift all
together, and add rounding iame
spoonful crisco. Work in well with
hands, then add milk to make a
dough like light bread dough. Knead
for 5 minutes b ythe clock, lightly,
as this produces best results. Have
some melted butter ready, roll aougn
out to one-third Inch thickness, cut
out with biscuit cutter, crease deep
ly with back of knife, butter the in
side, fold together and place In un
greased tin, not quite touching. Let
raise in warm place, for a nair nour,
then bake In quick oven about fifteen
minutes ,or until crisply brown.
Bran Gems (that rank high In
calories, 1290 In number.)
1 cup bran
1 cup flour
1 tsp. salt "
2 tsp. baking powder
4 tb. molasses or Karo syrup
2 tb. butter.
Mix and sift all dry Ingredients but
the bran, add the bran, molasses, milk
butter and the egg just slightly beat-
BANK OF MAUI, Ltd.
WAILUKU LAHAINA PAIA
General Banking in all its Branches
Fire, Life, Marine, Accident and
Loans on Real Estate and Approved
Maui Dry Goods
The Central Store
Moura & Co. Garage
A trip to the volcano
en. Bake in hot oven.
Mix and sift one tsp. soda, one
half tsp. cinnamon and two cups
flour. Add one cup of bran. Tho
roughly mix cupful of buttermilk one
half cup sweet milk and one-half cup
molasses. Add to first mixture.
Steam for two hours. Serve with
cream or pudding sauce .
1 cup milk or water
2 tb. sugar
1 tsp. salt
hi cake compressed yeast
2 tb. water
2 tb. water
2',4 cups wheat flour
1 tb. crisco
24 cups rye flour.
Combine the ingredients In the or
der named. Make into a dough and
knead. Let rise till double the ori
ginal bulk. Knead again and place
In oiled bread 'pan, allowing to rise to
double Its original bulk. Bake about
Peel and grate 6 or 7 large pota
toes, place in sieve for 15 min, to
drain and evaporate. Add one egg,
beaten, tablespoonful flour and little
salt. Fry In butter or crisco, using
about 'two tb. batter for each pan
Peel six or seven medium potatoes,
grate, bat in 3 eggs, 1 tb. flour pepper
and salt. Form into balls, and fry in
Peanut Butter Chops
Mix thoroughly one-half cupful pea
nut butter, one cupful hot cooked
rice or hominy, one-half cupful bread
crumbs, one-half tsp. salt, one well
beaten gg, three tb. catsup, one-half
tsp. celery salt and little grated oni
on. Shape In form of chops and eith
er place in well oiled baking dish and
bake fifteen minutes or a little more,
or may be dipped In egg and bread
crumbs and fried In deep fat.
Cook rather lean pork until it falls
from tho bones, taking care to have
a quart of liquid left when the ment
is done. Take tho meat out, separate
it from bones, and run thro the meat
grinder. Make a corn meal mush of
the liquid, add the chopped meat and
cook until the mush is well done.
Turn into a deep, greased pan and
when cold cut In slices and fry a
Two cups cold mashed potatoes, 1
cup chopped peanuts, 1 cup grated
cheese, 1 cup soft bread crumbs, 1
beaten egg, 1 cup milk, salt and pep
per. Pack In baking dish, cover with
crumbs and bake hour.
The members of the Maul Choral
Club are now rehearsing twice a
week at the Paia Community House
for the "Chimes of Normandy" which
will probably be given on tho even
lng of March 16.
ALL OVER KAUAI
Quick Action Prompt Reports.
I Ilegin Where Others Leave Off
Any Amount is Accepted for
Nine Years of Experience.
M. S. HENRIQUES
Kealia, Kauai, T. H.
K. MACIIIDA PA store
Th Bast In Town
And a Up-To-Date Soda Fountain
Glvs Us a Trial
MARKET STREET, : WAILUKU.
Highest grade medium-soft
lead for writing, in straight
"the master drawing pencil"
Of smooth lead uniformly
Young Hotel Bldg., Honolulu
ORDER YOUR .
SHOES WITH A NA
WHEN YOU BUY
YOU ARE ASSURED OF
THE BEST IN FIT,
QUALITY AND PRICE.
Fort and Hotel Streets
drought. Arrange to
this summer. It already is
used successfully and recom
mended by growers on Oahu
and Maui. Cost of installa
tion is moderate. For truck
and flower gardens, lawns, or
crops of almost any kind.
Write us for further infor
mation. Lewers & Cooke, Ltd.
Lumber & Building Material
169-177 So. King St.
LODGE MAUI, NO. 984, A. F. A A. M.
Stated meetings will be held at
Masonic Hall, Kahulul, on the first
Saturday night of each month at 7:30
Visiting brethren aro cordially in
rltsd to attend.
F. V. PEACOCK, R. W. M.
W. A. ROBBINS, Secretary.
ALOHA LODGE NO. 3 KNIGHTS
Regular meetings will be held at
the Knlghta of Pythias Hall. Wallu
ku, on the second and fourth Friday
of each month.
All risking members are cordially
invited to attend.
H. S. FERRY, C. C.
J. C. BLAIR, K. R. & S.
COURT VALLEY ISLAND NO. 9239
ANCIENT ORDER FORESTERS
Regular meetings will be hold at
Mooso Hall, Kahulul, on the first and
third Thursday of each month, at 7:30
All visll'ina. ai&ubers are cordially
invited to attend.
CARL F. N. ROSE,
Hawaiian Views and Post Cards
If you are not
getting best results
in taking pictures, and
desire to improve your work,
ask us fr instructive criti
cism when you send in films.
We gladly extend to you
the same help in this respect
that we are giving Honolulu
patrons. Try this educational
feature of our service.
"foonolnlu pboto Supply
Fort St. :: Honolulu.
Stands For Telephone
Efficiency And Comfort
ONE HAND ALWAYS FREE
Armour & Co., Illinois Steel Co.,
Wisconsin Steel Co., and Interna
tional Harvester Co. number among
a long list of concerns using from
4 to 24 BARYPHONES. One con
cern bought 400 of these
instruments, which are now revolu
tionizing the telephone, system.
A lost word or a mistaken number
often spells disaster
BARYPHONE is a great boon to
the hard of hearing and one talk
on long distance is worth Its price.
BARYPHONE Is very easily at
tached and is the only practical
and satisfying telephone intensifler
on the market You cannot afford
to be without ono.
PRICE $2.00 BY INSUhED MAIL
Money back if you are not entire
ly satisfied. This offer is bona fide,
therefore you take no risk.
S. & S. MANUFACTURING CO.
503 Hartford Bldg., Chlcago.U.S. A.
DINNERWARE IN PROFUSION
Owing to the foresight of
our buyers we are able to offer
you a very complete stock to
select from. Our large stock
of English and American makes
of semi Porcelain gives you a
chance to suit your individual
In fine China we show Lenox,
Minton, Syracuse, Worchester,
Royal Doulton, Haviland, The
odor Haviland, Royal Copen
hagen, Canton China, and Sat.
zuma In the white for decorat
ing. We will appreciate a call
from you. If you cannot call,
send us your mail order. We
send goods on approval; we also
W. W. DIMOND & CO., LTD.
The House of Housewares