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THE MAUI NEWS, J'RIDAY, ArRIL 26, 1918.
THE MAUI NEWS
Entered at the Post Offlce at Walluku, Maui, Hawaii, aa second-class matter.
A Republican Paper Published in the Interest of the People
Issued Every Friday.
MAUI PUBLISHING COMPANY, LIMITED,
Proprietor! and Publishers
Subschption Rates, $2.50 per Year in Advance.
L. D. TIMMONS : : : EDITOR AND MANAGER
FRIDAY :: :: :: ArRIL 26, 1918
THE roVIlR OF EXAMPLE
The meeting to boost the Liberty Loan was certainly well handled.
Hut very little was overlooked by the committee in charge, as was ap
parent by the results secured. One of the neatest parts of the program
was the throwing open of the Chambers of the Circuit Judge as a place
for making out and signing of applications for Liberty Bonds, thereby
causing every man who entered to sign an application to be placed in
a position where he could be seen by the audience listening to the speak
ers, and thereby becoming a living and moving example for those who
were contemplating the purchase of a Liberty Bond.
TUB RED CROSS
It seems to have taken very little fanning in Honolulu to bring
flame of enthusiasm for the Red Cross Second War Fund Drive
scheduled for May 6 to 11. Headquarters in the Castle and Cooke
building and the special office opened, to facilitate work connected with
the drive, at Fort and Beretania are daily besieged by volunteers who
want to do something, for the success of the great drive.
Honolulu has got the over-subscribing fever and purposes to see
to it that, so far as Oahu is concerned, the $410,000 asked by the Red
Cross will not only be forthcoming but a few thousand thrown in for
Almost daily some benefit or sale of what not is turning in goodly
sums, which, of course has nothing to do with the drive proper but
indicates how the enthusiasm is sustained. Hawaii Nei has perhaps
gained more world-wide notice by her instant and generous response
to calls from Washington, by creature comforts sent direct to France
and by a marked spirit of patriotism and vivid interest in this great
struggle for human righteousness than from any other single thing for
which she has become known, not excepting the tame volcano of Ha
waii, the majestic scenery of Kauai or the awful splendor of Maui's
Haleakala. Even the famous "Beach at Waikiki" and Duke Kahana
moku, the ukulele and the hula the eternal and "trained clouds" of
Honolulu become more items of transient consequence when compared
with the admiration and esteem in which the world holds Hawaii for
her patriotism, resourcefulness and active benefactions in our common
light to overcome a rapacious autocracy and supplant it for all time with
a humane, sane and beneficent democracy. The Red Cross needs you.
your talent, your dollars thrown into the balance at this time mean more
than even the most thoughtful may realize. Provide our boys over
there with a wall of love that is the only thing they ask of you who
have asked of them their life-blood. Love made manifest in your con
tributions is what they need. Give it and win the wllr!
WHY WE SEND OUR WHEAT TO EUROPE
THE FOOD SITUATION
L'y Dr. A. L. DEAN, Chairman, Food Conservation Exhibit, Territorial Fair.
This war has forced us all to alter our fmul UzhUa v t,,,., t
cd more about foods in the last six months than in tlie preceding fifty
years. People all over the United States have set their wits to work,
.. stive inc .uuiury ana incmseives.
The coming Fair oilers Island folk an onnortnnitv fn clinw u-1mt
progress Hawaii is making in war time, and by demonstrations and ex
change of ideas to profit by each other's experiments and adventures
in "helping Hoover". Every patriotic housewife in Hawaii should take
piiue in uus snowing ot wliat we in the Islands have accomplished.
Everyone who has made practical discoveries ami kiinus hm m
save the things we must save, owes it to herself and the community to
exhibit. This is a chance both to teach and learn.
Ihere is a new spirit of humility among chefs and clever cooks
since this war came to America, with its call for rigid economy and
substitution. The best of our cooks are learning, almost daily, many
things in the culinary art which were not dreamed of in their philoso
phies before. New dishes, evolved from ingredients scorned hereto
fore, and new combinations that serve as camouflage to bring old
foods upon our tables in temntinsr forms, are develonin? mnstantlv.
a'id must continue to develop with the changing conditions brought
auoui uy mis war.
This is the day of culinary invention. The food conservation show
at the Fair is intended to typify and exemplify the new patriotic era
in Hawaii. It should be well worth witnessing.
There will be many competitive exhibits, based upon the Hoover
legime of strict wheat, sugar and meat saving and successful substitu
tion. Everyone interested in placing exhibits should write Secretary C.
R. Willard, P. O. Box 253, Honolulu, lie will send out the printed
rules, premium list and entry forms. No entry fee is charged.
WAR BRINGS HIGH PRICES
War inevitably brings its prices and America is experiencing her
share of inconveniences. However, as compared to those experienced
in France, particularly in the matter of increased cost of living, we
are more or less fortunate. In this connection attention is directed to
the relative values of the three essential table diets; butter, cheese and
eggs. Two periods are cited the years 1913 and 1917, in order to
show what the intervening time has wrought in price changes in the
c mmodities named.
In 1913, butter sold in the United States at an average of 38.4
cents ; cheese 20 cents ; eggs 33 cents. In Paris the same year, butter
35 cents; cheese 14 to 20 cents; eggs 15 cents.
In 1917 butter sold in the United States at 48.6 cents; cheese 33.8
cents ; eggs 46 cents. In Paris the same year, butter, 62 cents ; cheese
26 to 53 cents; eggs, 39 cents.
While there is not so much disparity in the values of the articles
quoted here and in France, the rale of increase in the four years in
question, is approximately double abroad what it is in America. Butter
at 62 cents per pound and eggs at 39 cents per dozen in Paris are far
more prohibitive to the masses than is butter at 48.6 cents per pound
and eggs at 46 cents per dozen in the United States.
THE DOUBLE EFFECT OF ECONOMY
No question is more frequently asked than why we send wheat to
Europe and stint our own people. The first answer is that we send
wheat to furnish a foundation for the mixed cereal bread that the Al
lies have eaten for three years and a half.and not to supply them with
a straight wheat bread. We are now eating Victory Bread, a bread that
cal's for only 20 percent, wheat substitute, while Europe since the out
break of the war has eaten a war bread which contains from 25 to 50
percent, substitute. They are asking us for wheat enought to make this
Wheat flour is the only known foundation for a bakery loaf. Corn
meal and buckwheat can be used in making cornbread and batter cakes
but these breads cannot be looked on as bakery products as they will
not stand 24 hours handling between the oven and the table. Amern.cn.
women who do their own baking can make good use of cornmcal, rice
and oatmeal, but wherever women work in factories or long hours in
the field, whether in America or Europe, bakery bread must be within
Dr. Alonzo Taylor, representive from the United States Food Ad
ministration to the' recent Allied conference in Paris, and an expert
on the food needs of the world answers the question in this way :
"We receive many letters at Washington as to why wewant to
send so much wheat to Europe when we are told that corn, oatmeal,
rice and barley and rye are just as good- They ask, 'Why don't we
keep the wheat and send them the corn and rye and barley and rice?'
1 will answer that: We want to send wheat to Europe because you
can make bread of wheat, and you can't make bread out of rice and
oats and corn. And nobody bakes domest'c bread in Europe. You
can go to any town in France and you will find that there are no in
dividual bakers there. There will be employed probably two or three
men in one place, who will have one large hearth, who will be able to
bike 2,000 loaves of bread together, with a minimum amount of coal.
"The bread is delivered to the home; and this is one-half of the diet
of that home. It was in peace time and it is now. In peace times there
was considerable sugar, and dairy products were plentiful. Now these
things are scarce and the bread largely takes the place of these foods.
So the bread becomes of added importance from every point of view.
Now just visualize this peasant home. Remember that the peasantry
in France live in villages, not on farms, and they subsist on the small
loi-al store and bakeshop.
"Please remember that the coal in France today is $110 and $135
per ton, and they have a good coal supply this year.
"Just visualize an American woman saying: 'If the corn, rye, oat
meal and barley are just as good, I will accept the wheat and send the
wheat substitutes to Europe'. Remember that bread is made from
"How much work is it for her to prepare rice or oatmeal or make
corn bread? How much of a burden does it impose upon the overtime
of the American woman today, either with or without servants? Very
j.ttle. But it is a burden to a French woman, who is working sixteen
hniirs a H.-.v and takincr care of a maimed soldier, or a tubercular person,
to deliberately put an hour or an hour and a half on her a day at boiling
riic or making corn bread. Shall we put this burden upon her? This
is the concrete situation."
That Liberty Loan meeting was intensely interesting in many
respects but ihe two things that impressed us most were the out-and-out
patriotism displayed and the showing that Maui was ready to throw all
required of her into the fund to win the war. The American people
from Maine to Hawaii have been putting up billions to defeat the despic
able enemy of mankind, and Maui has come through handsomely.
Running $20,000 over the allotment is a record to be proud of.
When an American citizen, instead of spending $100 for something
he wants, denies himself and lends the money to the Government he
performs a double service.
First, he furnishes the Government with $100 to use in the prosecu
tion of the war.
Second, he has relieved to the extent of $100 the drain on our
"goods and services" ; that is, materials and labor. To make the article
or articles he would have bought, or to manufacture others to take their
place in the market, would require materials and labor. In addition,
to get the article to him labor and freight space would be required.
By doing without the article, he has left free a certain amount of mater
ial to be used for war purposes, a certain amount of labor to be used
in the same way, and he has also relieved to a certain extent the trans
portation facilities of the country.
This may not be much in the individual case, but when hundreds
of thousands and millions of Americans pursue this course it means
millions and millions of dollars loaned the Government, tremendous
quantities of materials left for uses of the Nation in this war, millions
of hours of labor free to do war work, and a vast amount of freight
space free for national uses.
These sacrifices are easy to make; are small and trivial compared
to the sacrifices that our soldiers and sailors make daily while they
offer constantly their lives for their country, the greatest sacrifies of all.
"WE HAVE A VICTORY TO WIN"
If we had not grown so far away from the ideal that built this
nation we would find saving food today a much easier task.
We nave not been satisfied with the simple life of our ancestors.
While they were content to make a whole dinner of Indian pudding,
we must have at least three courses for dinner. We demand elaborately
prepared food. We have cultivated a taste for fancy brands and import
ed products. We turn up our noses at food grown in our own locality
and select instead that transported to us from a distance.
No wonder foreigners travelling here have gone back to their own
countries filled with tales of our thoughtless extravagance and waste !
But now we have a michtv task to do. We must win this war it
it takes our last ounce of strength. In self-defense, we must save food
to feed the people who are helping to hght our tight. Jiven it you can
afford to live extravagantly, your country cannot afford to have you.
Be content with simple fare. Buy native food, when it is in season, and
as far as possible buy the products that are grown in your locality.
' Go back to the simple lite. De content wun simpie iooa, simpie
pleasures, simple clothes. Work hard, pray hard, play hard. Work,
eat, recreate, and sleep. Do it all courageously. We have a victory to
IIALSEY TO JAPANESE
ORDER IT BY M
Our MAIL ORDER DEPARTMENT la ex
ceptionally well equipped to handle all your
Drug and Toilet wants thoroughly and at once.
We will pay postage on all orders of 60c
and over, except the following:
Mineral Waters, Baby Foods, Glassware
and articles of unusual weight and small Talue.
Non-Mallablei Aleohol, Strychnine,
Rat Poisons, Iodine, Ant Poison, Mercury
Antiseptic Tablets, Lysol, Carbollo Acid,
Gasoline, Turpentine, Benzine and all
other poisonous or Inflammable articles.
If your order Is Tery heary or contains
much liquid, we suggest that you hare It sent
Benson, Smith Zr Co., Ltd.
SERVICE EVERT SECOND
THE REXALL 8TORE HONOLULU
The Henry Waterhouse Trust Co., Ltd.
BUYS AND SELLS REAL ESTATE, STOCKS AND BONDS.
WRITES FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE.
NEGOTIATES LOANS AND MORTGAGES.
A list of High Grade Securities Mailed on Application.
HONOLULU, HAWAII P. O. BOX 346.
1917 Indian MotorcyclesHonolulu Prices
Powerplus twin cylinder, cradle
spring frame, 3 speed model.
Derelops 15 to 18 horsepower
on dynamometer test
Powerplus twin cylinder, cradle
spring frame, 3 speed model,
with complete electrlca
equipment Including amme
ter. Derelops 15 to 18 horse
power on dynamometer test.
Improred side car with adjust
Standard delivery van with ad
justable axle, body dimem
justable axle, body dimen
sions 40" long, 21" wide, 21"
high, metal cover with latch.
$130.00 cash and
$145.00 cash and
ments of $J5.
$50.00 cash and
a 1 x monthly
payments o f
$50.00 cash and
s 1 x monthly
payments o f
E. O. HALL & SON, LIMITED
DISTRIBUTORS FOR THE TERRITORY OF HAWAII.
R. L. Halsey was the guest of honor at a banquet given by the Japan
ese on Thursday evening, when he made an address in Japanese on the
subject of Americanism. Halsey is a firm believer in the theory that
propaganda work should be done among the Japanese of Hawaii to the
end that the American born Japanese may understand the principles of
democracy as we here in the United States view the matter, llalsey's
'.d'a is that every man in the United States is either an asset or a
liability, and that all who do not understand the principles of American
sn, and becoming American citizens at heart are liabilities, and
dangerous excess baggage as well. Therefore the Japanese who already
do not understand Americanism should be educated and made into good
American citizens, and he is continually working to that end.
It would do no harm, and it might do a great deal of good, if com
munities adjacent to army camps in the United States, and wedded to
the liquor traffic, should be notified by the Government that either the
saloons must be closed or the camps must be moved. There appears to
be no alternative. Liquor selling near thecamps must cease, or camps
now menaced by liquor traffic contamination should be moved to better
locations. Communities that hold on to the liquor traffic can maintain
the connection under the license system, but the men who are being
trained to fight the battles of the nation should be protected against
unwholesome influences when such protection is possible.
THE MILK WITH A
$1,000.00 Purity Guarantee.
For Sale By The Best Stores Everywhere
GONSALVES & CO., LTD.
AGENTS FOR HAWAII
74 Queen Street :: :: HONOLULU
ready for delivery
Ask for demonstration on your own
SOLE SELLING AGENTS FOR TERRITORY
Honolulu Iron Works Co.
HONOLULU, T. II.