Newspaper Page Text
By War's Ravages
Once Fruitful Country Now In Miser
able Straits People Are Trjing
To LiveOn Grass Germans Profit
Little By Their Destruction
London. Juno 3d (By The Associ
ated Pros correspondent from Jnssy)
Rumania is n desolate and barren
country today, an awful oliject les
son of the cost of war. Two years
ago it was one of the garden coun
tries or the world, teeming with agri
cultural wealth and prosperity. More
than 7.10.000 Russian soldiers lived in
it and on it for nearly n year, and
they leil very little behind them.
Anyone who has known Kumania
as she was when peace was forced
upon her by the Central Powers,
must lie convinced that it will be
years before r.ermany can draw from
iiet fields and orchards any very valu
Nor is the German control of Ru
mania's petroleum production likely
to be a very profitable investment for
some time. In tbe so-called "occupi
ed territories," the destruction of the
oil fields was so complete that r.er
many after fifteen months of effort,
is able to measure her supplies from
this source in quarts.
In the rest of Kumania, it is doubt
ful if production can be much in
creased beyond that of the past year,
and during the past year petroleum
has been one of the scarcest articles
in the country, obtainable only under
personal and special license from the
During the middle of the winter,
The Associated Press correspondent
made a tour of inspection around per
haps a score of the frontier towns
where the largest proportion of re
fugee population had been dumped in
the hurried retreat before the Ger
man hosts. Conditions were serious
beyond description, but the major
part of the suffering was due to fam
ine rather .than exposure.
The shortage of food was such that
in manv instances refugees were seen
in tbe fields eating or attempting to
Terrible as was the plight of the
people of these refugee districts in
war time, they can hope for little al
leviation with the coming of a forc
ed peace. Practically no harvests can
be expected this year in these dis
tricts, for no seed will be available,
and moreover there are no agricul
tural implements left, nor any horses
or daft animals of any kind. Thou
sands of Rumanian horses died of
starvation during the winter, for the
peasants were too exhausted in ear
ing for their own needs to make any
attempt to provide for their beasts.
In France the horses would have
been put to good use at meat for hu
man food, but the Rumanian peasant
has an abhorrence of horse flesh as
Zurich, May 18 Horses for slaugh
ter were sold in Vienna market this
week at the unprecedented price of
$375 to $500 each.
More Hitches Develop
In Olinda Reservoir
Maui's perennial jonah, the Olinda
reservoir job, hit another snag last
Saturday when the contractor for put
ting In the concrete lining of tho tank
Informed the loan fund commission
that he had been unable to get a
bonding company to back him, not
withstanding that he had ample local
backing. He therefore submitted a
form of assignment of the contract to
D. C. Lindsay, trustee, under whom
ho would do the work as manager.
"v The board decided to submit the
attorney general for opinion on tho
legality of the procedure. If the plan
is legally approved, it is probable
that the request of Mr. Mellor will be
In the meantime, however, Contract
or Mellor has been, busy, and has
spent some $17,000 on the job in ma
terials and labor. A delay of about
n month was occasioned by the trou
ble in getting cement from the coast,
which, however, is now on hand. The
contractor has also asked to be per
mitted to use non-citizen labor, claim
ing that it is impossible to get citizen
labor and difficult to get any kind at
all. Barring labor troubles Mr. Mel
lor says he will have no trouble in
completing the long-drawn out job
within the year's time specified In
NEW MANAGER FOR
W. F. Wallace, who for the past
several months has been in. charge of
the new Kahului Theater, and more
recently of the Wailuku Orpheum,
severed his connection with the thea
ters last Saturday. Mrs. P. II. Ross
hv accepted the place as manager of
both theaters, and has been in charge
since the first of this week.
Although at present Mrs. Ross is
in the hospital convalescing from an
operation for appendicitis, her work
is being looked after by her husband,
who was formerly in charge of the
theaters, but who is now handling the
insurance department of the Hank of
SWOLLEN STREAM STOP
TRAVEL IN DITCH COUNTRY
Dr. William Osmers, who went to
liana the first of the Week in con
nection with the draft work, was de
Inyed at Keanae for a day and night
on his return on ccount of the terrific
rain storm which visited the section
Tuesday night. The streams in many
places were impassable on account of
the downpour. A rainfall of over 5
inches was recorded at Keanae. Dr.
Osmers reached home on Thursday.
Aloha Lodge No. 3, Knights of Pyth
ias, will hold an important meeting
Tile supervisors will posibly net
this week on an ordinaucif to compel
pool rooms to remain AJsod except
between the hours of .1 and 10 p. m.
Court days in Makawao district
court have been changed as follows:
Monday, criminal cases; Wednesday,
civil cases; Friday, criminal cases.
A libel for divorce has been filed
in the second circuit court by Jishl
ozo Nakandakori against Kaka Na
kandakori, on statutory grounds.
A divorce was granted by Judge
Burr on Tuesday to Tome Oda from
M.itsularo oda on grounds of non
support. I.oe Jamilia has filed suit in the
circuit court against Jose Familia
for divorce on grounds of failure to
D. H. Case has been harvesting his
squash 'crop this week, lie has one
specimen which measures 6(5 inches
in circumference and weighs 80
Tl.i mnntlitv mcctinc of the In
dustrial Accident Hoard for the coun
ty o!" Maui, will be held next lues
dVy morning at 0:00 o'clock in the
Wailuku district court room.
The number of pieces of mail mat
i. nn the new rural mail
route from Haiku amounted to 1112
In Mirch. K9S, in April; 178.1, in May;
nd PMis, in June.
The pineapple season in the Haiku
section is now at its height ana tne
cannery is working a big force over
tin,;' in effort to keep the flood of
fruit cleaned up. It is reported that
iiini drives of fruit were handled on
Tuesday, and 11!) tons disposed of on
Sov..vnl of the cirls of the Maui
High school, who went to work at the
Il.iiku cannery at the close ot scnoot,
are reported to have quit after the
first lew days. Some of them, how-
evr, are grimlv sticuing to meir juus
ind will probably see the season
There was no meeting of the board
of supervisors yesterday owing to the
illness of Supervisor Uahinui, who is
suffering from the grip. In Supervis
or Drummond's absence there was
not a quorum without him. He is
nhle to be present at the session of
the board this afternoon.
The II. K. Duncans accompanied by
their guests. Miss Marion Push and
Miss Marv Stewart, made" the ascent
of Halealiala on Monday. They re
port that the weather conditions were
unusually favorable and that the sun
set and sunrise were beyond descrip
tion. The annutil civic convention will be
held on Maul in September, and in
anticipation of this event the Ad Club
will prepare a program, the commit
tee having been appointed by Pres
ident Farrington of the Ad Club at
the weekly luncheon yesterday. Ad
vertiser. William Walsh, superintendent of
the Kahului Railroad Company, stat
ed at the meeting of the chamber of
commerce, yesterday, . that the 700
foot width of channel in Kahului har-lirn-
linrt been renorted through an er
ror in the office of the government
engineers, instead of '.too leet as u
should have been. It will probably
be imoossible to have the error recti
fied until after the war.
Heavy Rain Storm
Does Some Damage
Almost all of central and east Maui
is vinited by heavy rains on Tues
day night and Wednesday. A light
rainfall is also reported from the La
hnina. The precipitation was general
ly acceptable to farmers, although it
intrrt fered to some extent with the
harvesting of pineapples now at its
heights, in tbe Haiku district, by mak
ing heavy mud on the earth roads.
The storm was especially heavy in
East Maui. Over 5 inches of rain is
reported from Keanae, and streams
were so high that travel over the ditch
trail was impossible for about a day.
Rome bridges on the lower trail are
reported washed out. liana also had
a thorough soaking.
At Haiku 3.21 inches of rain fell in
21 hours ending at 6 o'clock Wed
nesday night. A wind velocity of 28
miles per hour was also recorded at
the Haiku experiment station.
LAHAINA MAN GETS
LETTER FROM AMERICAN
FRONT IN FRANCE
Edward Shim, one of the instructors
at Lahainaluna "School, has just re
ceived an interesting letter from J.
Sellnn, a former school mate of his
in the K.insas City Agricultural Col
lege, who is now a lieutenant in
marines aeronautic company in
France. The writer gives some quaint
glimpses of every-day life in the
French rural villages, but his obser
vations do not seem to have very
highly impressed him with French
ideas of sanitation. Lt. Sellon writes
enthusiastically of his flying exper
iences, but says that ordinary flying
soon loses its thrill which only the
fancy stunts can then supply.
NEW PHYSICIAN FOR HANA
Dr. Lichtenfels, the county physici
an at Hana, will probably leave next
week to enter the army service, he
being one of the draftees. He was
permitted to remain in Hana as long
as possible on account of the condi
tion of a number of patients depend
ent upon him. His place is to be
taken by a Dr. Ilroadrup, who is ex
pected to arrive from Honolulu short
ly. , -a-
Fight to conserve; conserve to
THE MAUI NEWS,
FINLAND SEES TROUBLE AHEAD
Stockholm, July 11 Cluncrbcrn, the Finnish commander has ask
ed American Minister Morris what chance there is for Finland's get
t'.ttrr food from Entente. He printed situation in Finland as gloomy.
V as told there is little likelihood of food supply from Allies so long
as (lermany controls country.
FRENCH MAKE GAINS
l'airs, (Official), July 11 Southwest of Soissons French continue
. . , . rei . . . . t ii r . t . ex
I i'i inuuc gains, i ney now occupy
pont, and north section of Corey.
KERENSKY MAY TOUR AMERICA
London, July 11 Garvin Spargo, American social democrat, wires
invitation to Kerensky to tour principal American cities.
BULGARIANS UNEASY OVER ALBANIAN VICTORY
Allies success in Albania adds seriously to Austrian troubles. The
region of advance is 70 miles from Saloniki front hut already there is
nervousness there as advance seriously threatens Bulgarian right flank.
New York, The Albanian front continues to be the most active
theater of the war. Although not expected to have very far-reaching
results, it has possibility of important Allied offensive in Macedonia
'ind by powerful blow may have notable effect upon war-weary Bul
garia. Italians on Asiago plateau slightly pushed back Austrians in Brenta
valley, rectifying lines.
PRUSSIANS AFTER LICIINOW SKY'S GOAT
Paris, July 11 Prussian house of lords held a secret meeting on
Friday for purpose of discussing probable dismissal of Lichnowsky for
bis disclosures regarding pre-war movements.
Count Bebrendorff, speaking in Prussian house of lords said: ."We
tannot have peace worthy, of war sacrifice without the aid of the Ger
man sword, and we cannot make progress by shameful speeches deliv
ered recently by responsible personages".
AMERICANS WILL CELEBRATE FRENCH HOLIDAY
Pershing issued general order to American army to join in celebra
tion the fall of the Bastile, on July 14.
Berlin headquarters admits French made violent attack on Sois
sons front capturing farm.
Vienna (Official), July 11 In face of strong pressure we withdrew
on Albanian front across Berat-Ficri lines.
SOME DIFFERENT FROM BELGIUM POLICY
London, July 11 Berlin semi-official announcement says Germany
tW's not intend to hold the Bolsheviki responsible for assassination of
von Mirbach as Russia is doing all possible to punish the murderers.
Austro-Gcrman statesmen begin conference at Salzburg regarding
closer relations with Vienna. Says object is purely economic.
NOTED AIRMAN KILLED
Major James McCudckn, British airman, credited with downing
f4 German planes, accidentally killed on July 4.
Washington, July 11 War department announced 249 wounded
anived from overseas with the week ending 5th.
Rome, July 10 Austrians have declined to accept von Duetow as
GOOD W. S. S. SALES
War Savings and Thrift Stamp receipts Tuesday, $16,431,00o this
Icing the record day. Between July 1 and 9th $46,552,000 worth
DRAFTEE WHO WAS "TOO BUSY" NOW IN GUARD HOUSE
Honolulu, July 11 First arrest of delinquent drafter, made is
Albert Goo, an employee of the Schuman . Carriage Co. H. notified
draft board by phone that he was too busy to answer call at time named.
He v. as escorted by guard to guard-tent at Fort Armstrong
Because of prevalence of influenza, draftees are r.ot being innocui-
ated with anti-typhoid serum for present. Serum raises temperature
and confuses result with grip.
IIACKFELD STOCKHOLDERS TO ACT SOON
Honolulu, July 10 Trent is preparing call for stockholders of
Ilackfcld plantations to meet and decide upon future policy relative to
agency contracts. Expected that meeting of Ilackfcld stockholders
n:l! be held July 19 and will set forth a definite policy with regard to
sefing out to new corporation.
CAN'T GET GUAM BY WIRELESS
Admiral Doyle is unable to get in wireless touch with Guam. Be
Jitvcd radio tower there is down as result of typhoon.
ARMY CASUALTY LIST
Washington, July 10 Casualties: Army 21 killed in action; 15
died from wounds; 7 from other causes; 45 severely wounded; 12 miss
ing; 2 prisoners.
WRECK TAKES BIG DEATH TOLL
Nashville, July 10 One hundred and seven dead and 86 in hos
pitals as result of railroad collision.
HUNS GETTING MORE ACTIVE
London, July 10 Germans are considerably more active cast of
Amiens. Also launched local attacks east of Villers Brettoneaux but
v.rc repulsed by British.
On the Flanders front British carry through local operation in the
vicinity of Merris, making slight advance and taking a few prisoners.
OUTLOOK MORE HOPEFUL IN SIBERIA
Siberian provisional government has been established at Vladivos
tok, with unanimous support of population. It intends summoning a
constituent convention to establish law and order. Program includes
the liberation of Siberia from the Bolsheviki, universal suffrage, and
the avoidance of necessity of intervention.
Rome, July 10 Austrians have declined to accept von Duetow
as commander-in-chief of forces against Italians because Germany has
not supplied 12 promised divisions with him.
According to Swiss advices, Kaiser has gone home sick with pre
xa'vnt Spanish grip.
RUSSIANS IN AMERICA WANT INTERVENTION
New York, July 10 (Official). Representatives of Russian or
ganizations on East Side have formed a "save-Russia committee" and
declared they "keenly feel the shameful manner the Bolsheviki has
handled the Russian situation". Will urge upon President W-lson need
of immediate intervention and pledge him support. Special regiments
'will be recruited from Russians in this country.
Washington, July 10 Senator Saulsbury, as president protem of
S nate, ruled that the war-time prohibition amendment to thj food
production bill is not German and should be stricken from bill as an
attempt to provide general legislation on appropriation measure.
Senator Jones of Washington appealed from ruling.
! WEDNESDAY MORNING
' Honolulu, July 10 Chamber of Commerce through Admiral Doyle
is ascertaining situation at Guam, in order to offer relief if such be
BISHOP ESTATE OFFERS TO SELL LAND
The Bishop Estate offers to sell a 5-acre tract in Kalihi district for
mridel cottage colony. This is the first offer to sell city property by the
Estate on record. Said to be a new policy recently adopted.
ALLIES ACTIVE ON SEVERAL FRONTS
New York, July 10 Allies are giving Germans little chance to per
fect arrangements for renewal of offensive.
Italian-French have progressed rapidly in Albania since the Avlona
M'ack, and have apparently turned the Austrian right wing. Rome
fficial dispatches indicate an advance of 15 miles.
KUELH MANN'S RESIGNATION SOON
Kuelhmann's resignation is expected since his reichstag speech, on
June 25 when he said purely military victory for Germans was hardly
to be expected.
FRIDAY, JULY 12, 1918.
i,a viruie iarm, in outsKirts oi iong-
Personal Mention J
Mrs. C. C. James and children are
here from Honolulu to spend the sum
mer at their ranch In Kuiaha.
Mrs. W. O. Aiken and children have
moved to their mountain home, "Idle
wildo," nt Olinda for the summer.
Brother Raymond of St. Anthonys
school for I'.oys has gone to the Wst
to spend a several months vacatWn.
Miss Olive Villiers is visiting her
brother and sister-in-law in Honolulu
for a few weeks.
Harold W. Rice has been confined
to his home for the past week suffer
ing from grip.
Mr. and Mrs. W. Weight, of Keanae
arrived in central Maui yesterday for
a short visit.
Mrs. E. n. rtlnnchard, teacher in
the Haiku school, left last Saturday
for Honolulu where she will spend
Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Smith, of Haiku,
returned home last week from Hono
lulu where they visited friends for a
week or more.
Miss Susan Clark, of the faculty of
I'unnhou Academy, and her mother,
are house guests of Mrs. C. C. James
Mrs. Louise V. Doyum, teacher at
the Haniakuapoko school, Maui, is
?pen;!ing the summer vkcaion in Ho
nolulu, the guest of MrsV. N. Mundy,
1915 Kalakaua Avenue.-Star-IUilletin
Miss Muriel Duncan accompanied
the Misses Marion Rush and Mary
Stewart on the mid-week steamer to
Honolulu, where she will visit them at
Miss Napoleon, of Hana, arrived in
Wailuku on Thursday, coming over
bind. She was delayed for 24 hours
at Keanae on account of the heavy
W. F. Wallace, who severed his
connections with the Maul theaters
i few days ago, has accepted a posi
tion with the H. C. & S. Co. He is at
present assisting in the Punnene
Store, nt Kahului.
Iirothor Frank, principal of the St.
Anthony's School for boys, returned
the first of the week from Honolulu
where be went two weeks ago to at
tend the annual retreat of the mem
bers of his order.
D. C. Lindsay returned home last
week from a quick trip to the Coast
where he went to meet his wife and
two daughters who have been in the
East for some months, and to accom
pany them home.
F. Signarowitz, a San Francisco
pump engineer representing the Pel
ton Waterwheel Co., arrived on Maul
last Saturday in connection with the
possible development of water power
on this island.
W. D. Stone, manager of the local
telephone system, returned on Wed
nesday from Hana where he spent
a week in connection with establish
ing a new exchange. Mrs. Stone ac
Miss Mary Nahaolelua, of Hono
lulu, who has just finished her course
at St. Andrews Priory, arrived on
Wednesday to spend the summer with
her uncle, Albert K. Nahaolelua of
Mrs. P. Maurice McMahon. wife of-
Court Reporter McMahon, of the sec
ond circuit court, and children are ex
pected tomorrow from Honolulu. Mr.
McMahon has taken the house in
Wells addition lately occupied by W.
Dr. William Osmers was a visitor
to Honolulu the first part of this week.
Dr. F. W. Missner, formerly of Ka
hului. but now a medical officer in
the army and stationed at Schofleld
Barracks, was on Maui tor a tew days
last week visiting his wife.
Mrs. W. H. Engle has arrive
city to join her husband w
jutant of the Maui bat
National Guard, Lieutena
been for several years connected with
the Baldwin National Bank of Kahu
Mrs. Louise C. Fraine, who was one
of the teaching force last term in the
Wailuku public school, departed for
Honolulu on Wednesday afternoon
where she will spend the summer,
She will teach next year at Waiahole,
on the windward side of Oahu.
Paul F. Lada, who last week enlist
ed in the coast artillery branch of the
I army, was on Maui the latter part of
hast week straightening up his per
'sonal affairs. He left Saturday night
for Honolulu to take up his new
I duties. He will enter the now artill-
ery school and hopes to soon earn a
ORDINANCE TO KEEP CATTLE
OFF PUBLIC ROADS
An ordinance imposing a fine of not
to exceed $100 upon persons who per
mit live stock in their charge to feed
or wander upon a public highway, will
l, t..i, n uirWotl W iha
board of supervisors i this afterno
LT?IZZ- J.' u"Cl
,mnv-v. " ,
llltr 1UI1U UIVIUWU 11IC .iv.ix f v
oue i .. " Ul" r, ;(
been permitted to make a nuisance of
themselves and a menace to automo
bile traffic at that point.
MAY REDUCE AGE LIMIT OF
RENT SERVICE CHAUFFEURS
The supervisors will consiaer tnis
hf is ad-
Vuism ot tne
afternoon or tomorrow the passage of nPur London three German aviators
an ordinance reducing the age limit ldl0(j in a ni(,lt ail. rilid on tne met.
of 20 years now imposed on chauf- j ropois Sundav, May 19, were buri
feurs in the rent service. The argu-lt.d ,hree days fterward while in
ment for such reduction is that the'qut,sls over bodies of their victims
taking of a large number of men be- wore n()inK conducted in London,
t ween the ages of 21 and 30 of age by In onP ,hurchvard two Germans
the draft has very seriously handi- worp i,uri,.d with military honors. At
capped the owners of rent cars. It ano,her cemetery services were held
is proposed to drop the age limit to over tho bo(v of a (;,.man aviator
17 years, the same as applies to hold- w.ich had been found in the wreck
ers of license to drive privately own- a,,e of nis fvjng machine. The caket,
MARRIAGE LICENSE ! carriage, followed by officers and men
July 11 Joseph M. F. Shim, 18, Part of ihe Royal Air Force. Allied avl
Chinese, and Mary Lo Wai, 17, Part.alors flew over th churchyard dur-
Cbinese, both of Kula.
Did Germans Spread
Grip Epidemics Here
Mainland Papers Suggest That Gcims
Were Brought In U-Boats Spain
Thus Infected It Is Claimed
Has the epidemic of grip which haR
been raging on Oahti for the past
several weeks been the result of del
iberate German planting of disease
Mainland papers indicate that such
a thing might possibly have happen
ed, and that the annoying malady
with which we are sneezing our heads
olT is the same "Spanish grip" of
which the kaiser is said to be suffer
ing. The papers claim that the
disease was first taken to Spain from
Germany in submarines, and it is by
this means that it has been suggest
ed it may have reached America.
The literary Digest of June 15 has
the following on the subject:
"Disease germs may form part or
the cargo of the raiding 11-boats,
Washington correspondents tell us.
Thus one dispatch quotes several nav
al officers as saying that survivors of
the U-boat attacks should refrain from
giving away as souvenirs any of (he
food or other articles given them by
the U-boat commanders. It. goes on
" 'While not desiring lo cause un
due alarm, it was ollicially pointed
out that a German submarine carried
disease germs into Spain, apparent ly
those which caused the strange epid
emic simibw to the grip, now raging
there. This fact, coupled with the
strange conduct of German command
ers toward U-boat victims, was re
garded as suspicious.
" ' 'German commanders don't do
things that way,' said one official to
day. 'It is unparalleled in German
submarine history that a U-boat, should
give food and water to its victims.'"
Hurry-Up Call For
The Hawaiian ChaptrYof the Amer
ican Red Cross hasVecived an urgent
call from Washington! o rush forward
as soon as possible 10.000 pairs socks
and ro00 sweaters for shipment over
seas. Miss Castle, Supervisor af
Women's Work for Hawaii, has writ
ten to the Chairman of the Maui Red
Cross branch saying that more wool
has been cabled for and urging that
Maui knitters work on socks and
sweaters as rapidly as possible ad
hering strictly to Red Cross dimen
sions. The following donations have been
received by the treasurer of the Maui
Lahaina Japanese Benefit, . . $86.40
Maui Music Club $55.80
Holy Ghost Church Kula $50.00 '
Polo Game Colelction
The Crffual Club Entertain-. .
ment July 3 $100.00
Is Already Outgrown
In spite of the new pipe line which
was completed into Iao Valley only
about, a year ago. both Wailuku nnd
iXahului were suffering a water short-
age last week. The trouble was part-
icularly aggravated at. Kahului. It is
staled that the 4-inch pipe to Kahu-
Kii is inadequate to supply the de
mand in dry weather.
Superintendent of Waterworks Gar
cia says that the water meter at tho
head of the Iao Valley pipe obstructs
the flow enough to cause a shortage
when the demand is heavy. He also
says that the big increase in number
of water users in the past two years
has already about reached the capac-
f th mw 6 in(h intake pipe to
Women Enemy Aliens
Register Next Week
Women enemy aliens on Maui are
to be registered bv Sheriff Crowell
next week. These will include the
wives of all German subjects on Maui,
wether or not they were German sub
jects before their marriage.
The women will be obliged to re
port at the Sheriff's office, have their
photographs taken, prints of their
fingers recorded, and other data con
cerning themselves made a part of
,. . ...... .. ,.
oilfliu uuni Mja liu
. , .
the purpose having been received
will be ready to receive these women
Women who are Austrian subjects,
although also enemy aliens are not to
BRITISH GIVE HUNS
May 23 (Associated
two villatre chnrchvnrds
covered with a German flag, was con
veyed to the burying ground on a gun
ina the ceremonies.