Newspaper Page Text
TE MAUI NEWS, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1918.
Are Philippines A
Part United States
Insurance Company And Oahu Acci
dent Board Say No Maui Board
And County Attorney Say They Are
Kipahulu Case May Get To Courts
Are the Philippine Islands mil side
of the I'nited Slates?
This Is a question that may have to
he fought out. in the courts in order
to settle the question of compensa
tion due to dependents or laborers in
Hawaii who reside in the Philippines.
County Attorney E. !. Jlevlns, in an
opinion prepared for the Maui indus
trial accident hoard, holds that the
far eastern Islands are within the
United Slates. The Maui hoard
has already so held, hut accord
ing to repoit the Oahu accident board
has taken the Alternate position.
The workmen's compensation law
provides "An alien shall not he con
sidered a dependent within the mean
ing of this Act unless actually resid
ing within the United States, and any
alien dependent leaving the United
States shall thereupon lose all rlKht
to any benefits under this act."
Kipahulu Case Involvrd
The matter came before the board
In connection with the death of a Fili
pino laborer at Kipahulu who left a
wife and two children In the Philip
pines. The board held that these de
pendents were entitled to compensa
tion under the law, hut the insurance
company which carries the risk of the
Kipahulu Sugar Co., ihe employer, re
fused to settle the claim on the
grounds that the Oahu board had held
that the Philippines are not within
the United States. County Attorney
Berins, who then considered the mat
ter, and who cites a number of au
thorities, is convinced that the Oahu
board Is wrong.
Whether the matter can be pushed
to a termination on this case, how
ever, is uncertain at present since it
U not known whether or not the dead
man's family can be located, the acci
dent in question having occurred over
a year ago. The secretary of the ac
cident board has been instructed,
however, to take the matter up
through the governor-general of the
Philippines In an endeavor to locate
theBe dependents if possible. In case
they can be found and their right to
compensation established, excepting
the residence clause, the board ex
pressed Its Intention at its meeting
last Tuesday to pnsh the case against
the employer and he Insurance com
pany to final conclusion.
Keep Telephone And
WASHINGTON, December 5 (By
Associated Press) Telephone and
telegraph lines of the country, now
under government control, should be
come government owned at the con
clusion of peace and the expiration
of the provisions of the act under
which the utilities are now controlled,
Postmaster General Burleson declares
In his annual report made public to
day. The war has shown that govern
ment ownership of telephones and
telegraphs "Is not only sound but
practicable," the Postmaster General
says. In repeating the recommenda
tion which he has made in previous
reports but which he makes for the
first time as head of the government
agency controlling the land communi
"The experiences as a result of the
present war have fully demonstrated
that the principle of government own
ership of the telephones and tel
egraphs is not only sound but practi
cal," Mr. Burleson says. "It has been
necessary as a war measure for Con
gress to consider legislation authoriz
ing the President to assume control
of the telegraph and telephone sys
tems of the country. While such con
trol is temporary, and will exist only
until the ratification of the treaty of
peace, yet the beBt results can be ob
tained only when these systems are
owned by the govrnment, made a part
of the postal establishment, and oper
ated solely with a view to serving the
public and not making profits or
guaranteeing returns on the invest
ment. Government ownership of the
telegraphs and telephones should not
longer be delayed, and the action of
Congress In this matter Is urgently
JUNEAU, Alaska, Nov. 10 (By
Associated PreBS) (By Mail) Even
Alaska natives are becoming alarmed
at the rapid growth of the territory's
ever increasing dog population. A
native council at Hoonah, an Indian
village near here recently passed an
ordinance levying a tax on all dogs in
the village. The marshal was Instruc
ted to shoot all unlicensed canines.
ANCHORAGE, Alaska, Nov 1 (By
Associated Press) (By Mail) Twen
ty big sleds are part of the winter
equipment by the Alaska Engineer
ing Commission in building the gov
ernment railroad between Seward and
CARD OF THANKS
The Executive Committee of the
Mmui Red Cross Shop at Wailuku,
desires to earnestly express their
sincere thanks to all who in many
ways gave assistance to the shop, in
donations, service and in buying. It
is impossible to thank all individually
and the committee hopes that in this
way every one who has rendered aid
will feel that the success with which
the Shop has met is clue to their co
operation and is deeply appreciated
by those who had charge of the work.
By MRS, E. A. BROWN, Puunene
(One of the interesting and instruc
tive papers read at the annual meet
ing of the Maui Teachers' Association,
at Lahaina, on December 6.)
The subject, Primary Equipment, Is
a broad one and there will be time
to touch on only a few phases of it.
I propose to speak briefly of the fol
lowing: picture books, pictures and
printed charts, educational magazines,
pedagogical books, miscellaneous ma
terial, and teachers' notebooks.
The primary teacher needs a great
deal of equipment. Some of it can
be purchased nut much of it must be
mnde or collected by the teacher.
Pictures and charts ore silent teach
ers. They are attractive nnd they
save time for the teacher and pupil.
The time spent In putting drill work
on the board many times during the
year might better be spent In teach
ing. They are always ready and may
be used to fill In spara moments. They
save board space.
"Pictures gain the child s interest
and catch his attention fast enough
to hold it a f''at by no means easy
with the avi ni small child." They
are of ine. value in helping
pupils to lea 1 1) words and grasp Ideas
and they have an important place in
the teaching of foreigners. I am hav
ing distributed some picture books
that the children enjoy. The pictures
In most of the books would not bo
classed with the best in art. Many
are taken from advertisements. But
they represent animals, the family,
and scenes of child life in all of which
the average child of the primary
grades is interested. The books on
the "Family," "Domestic Animals,"
and "Domestic Fowls and Household
Pets" are used in geography classes.
Dictation is a moBt effective way of
teaching language to children of
foreign ancestry. Many pictures In
these books will suggest material for
dictation in the language period. A
few sentences about important wild
animals and well known birds are pro
fitble exercises of this sort.
Names of holidays are easily taught
with pictures to illustrate each day.
Pictures of other lands which show
marked differences in seasons help
the pupil in Hawaii to grasp the idea
of the seasons.
M'other Goose pictures and others
by Jessie Wilcox Smith may he pur
chased for twenty-five cents each and
will serve admirably for schoolroom
Stout wrapping paper was used In
making my books. My object In put
ting the pictures In bucks was to get
them into some readily accessible
form which would tend to keep them
In good condition. They are hung
from & wire by means of small hooks.
It is my plan to put up at least one
new picture each day.' The teacher
my call the attention of the class to
some of the pictures but on others no
comment should be made unless the
pupils call for it.
The only charts that I have used
in hygiene were picture charts to
teach such subjects as care of the
hands, hair, teeth, things I use every
day, exercise, etc. Some material
may be secured from Colgate & Co.,
and other companies mentioned later,
from various departments of the U. S.
Government and from state boards of
In the first grade, picture charts of
fruits, vegetables, kitchen articles,
household furniture, articles of cloth
ing, etc., may be used to enlarge the
vocabulary of the children.
Wonderfully interesting pictures
may be obtained for use in book or
chart- form in the geography work.
Many ways of using her pictures will
occur to the wide awak. teacher as
the year progresses.
Pictures of islands, hills, mountains,
valleys and bays may often bo found
in the Geographic Magazine, Travel,
and in folders issued by transporta
tion companies or chambers of com
merce. A border of pictures illustrat
ing the subject for study may be plac
ed on the wall.
How the wind and rain help us and
what harm they do are easily told by
Pictures may show the two main
cources of heat, what we use heat for
in our homes, other uses of it, kinds
of stoves, etc. Snow scenes and scenes
of life in the tropics will teach the re
lation of climate to the sun. The
wanner clothes needed in winter in
some lands and the cotton garments
worn in the warmer regions of the
earth can be shown by pictures.
To make the lessons on materials
for clothing more interesting, use pic
tures of the plants and animals that
give us these materials, of the manu
facture of the raw materials into
cloth, and of articles of clothing made
of these materials.
Black and white and colored pic
tures of birds that injure our crops
and of birds seen in our school yards
may be secured from the Perry or
Brown pictures companies, or from
Pictures of the beneficial insects
and of the injurious ones may be pur
chased or made with crayon or water
The work on "Government in Re
lation to the School and Home" may
be vitalized by the Ube of pictures.
Gather pictures of the family, the
home, and the work of the members
of the family. At this time show pic
tures of our first president, Lincoln,
Wilson, our governor, federal and ter
ritorial capitols, our flag, nnd of what
our government does for us.
Provide pictures to teach lessons on
"Local Transportation and Communi
cation". To teach tho "Hous-s Fly In Relation
to Health" make a set of charts on
muslin or paper from stencils pur
chased of the International Harvester
Company. Picture charts may be
made of material gathered from their
book of lectures entitled "Trap the
Fly", from government bulletins, from
tanglefoot advertisements, and from
magazine articles on the prevention of
typhoid, tuberculosis, etc. The Metro
politan Life Insurance Company of
New York has for free distribution
Rome helpful literature on the subject.
The boards of health la some states
have excellent pamphlets on this and
Charts of some of the important oc
cupations and the tools used in each
are Instructive. The geography work
on occupations and .he family should
be correlated with the language work.
For suggestions as to methods, exa
mine the text books used in teaching
English to foreigners in the evening
schools of our big cities.
Of course, objects and 'ive animals
are to be preferred to pictures. The
pictures may be used when 'the ob
jects or animals cannot be secured
conveniently. It is possible to grow
cotton and flax plants. Very interest
ing material to be used in teaching
about cotton and wool may be obtain
ed from the Amoskeng Manufacturing
Company. A case showing the life
history of the silk worm may be used
to advantage. An insect cage for ot-
serving life specimens may be made.
A bulletin by the Smithsonian Insti
tute telling the teacher how to kill,
preserve, and mount Insects should be
in the library of every nature study
Maps of the school room and school
ground may be drawn by the teacher
and hecktographed or mimeographed
copies given to the pupils. The teach
er would find this map work easier If
the pupils in the primary grades were
provided with rulers marked off In
to Inch and half inch lengths. The
many marks on the rulers are confus
ing to young pupils. The school
may be modeled in sand, plasticine, or
Printed charts require much less
time than picture charts. Tough
wrapping paper, black and red mark
ing pencils, and a ruler are all the
things needed for chart making. The
printing may be done with a set of
rubber type and black ink but the ink
is expensive and th typing involves
much time. If the teacher has kept
a full notebook of the material she
uses for drill during the year, the ac
tual making of the charts is no bur
densome task. Much of the teacher's
time will be saved if an older pupil is
employed to cut and rule the paper.
Two wire nails will be needed to hang
the charts on. Holes may be punch
ed in tho charts and strengthened
with circles of gumm'il cardboard, or
braE3 rings may be fastened to the
charts with gummed paper.
There are many topics in the langu
age work for the second grade which
may be taught easily with printed
charts. Printed charts may also be
used for drill on the phonic elements
nd word lists and picture charts may
be made for the phonic type words.
(See English for Beginners, Fisher
& Call, p. 222 ff.) Use flash cards al
so to drill on phonier
In arithmetic, flash cards are help
ful in teaching the combinations. A
complete set of them may be bought
for $1.75. (Here is a home-made set
of flash cards with the answers in ad
dition and subtraction indicated on the
back. The red figures are the answ
ers in subtraction.)
Sets of picture flash cards and large
size domino cards are used in the first
grade to teach numbers and their
combination. Picture cards of smaller
size with the figure and name of the
figure on the back are useful for seat
work In teaching beginners. Small
size domino cards for seat work may
be purchased or made with the heckto
graph. Cards about, an inch square
with the numerals and arithmetical
signs are of great use.
The first grade tea her needs also
alphabet cards for spelling, word
cards for language, colored seeds, col
ored crayons, and colored sticks.
The Normal Instructor and Primary
Plans and Primary Education are
probably the best magazines publish
ed for the primary teacher. But good
suggestions for work in the lower
grades can be found in the Popular
Educator which is intended for the
grammar grade teacher.
The best help that I know of for the
teacher just beginning first grade
work is the little book entitled "Five
Messages to Teachers of Primary
Reading". The "Primary Plan Books"
by Marian George are very good. Her
"Intermediate Plan Books" contain an
outline on "Domestic Animals which
may be simplified and adapted for the
Primary grades. The books used in
teaching English to foreigners in eve
ning schools are full of suggestions
for the teacher of primary language
in Hawaii. The two volumes of the
McFadden Language Series are the
most helpful of any language text
books that I have. Books of games
for teaching language and arithmetic
Drawing is one of the most effec
tive means of teaching geography.
Augsburg's "Easy Drawing for the
Geography Class" contains outline
sketches for copying.
Every primary teacher needs to
have books of fables, folk stories, and
fairy stories in simple language for
reading or telling to the children and
for dictation. Mrs. Thorne-Thomsen
has published an excellent list of
stories and poems suitable for chil
dren. Sed catalogues and department
store catalogs abound in material for
picture cards and charts.
We have a school library from the
Library of Hawaii. The books are In
great demand. About half of the
books are some of the very best first,
cecond, and third grade readers. The
vocabulary is such that the children
can read the books without much help
from parents or teachers. It is a
great satisfaction to them to be able
to read the books so easily. If primary
teachers could have suitable books In
sufficient numbers to use for supple
mentary reading at school and at
home, the English vocabulary of our
pupils of foreign anctstry would grow
A loose leaf notebook is a very
valuable part of the primary teacher's
equipment. The teacher who expects
to follow the profession should own
a typewriter. A hecktograph or a
mineograph is a time-saver, too, when
many copies are to be made.
Some of the Puunene teachers have
so felt the need of a manual or full
outline of the various subjects of
primary work that they are planning
to put the material in such shape
that it will save much time for the
teacher and so make it possible for
her to do more and better work with
the pupils entrusted to her care. We
hope to secure enough material to in
clude sentences for supplementary
reading lessons from the board and
for language lessons. Lists of word
drill devices, of material for charts,
definite suggestions of practical equip
ment, and patterns useful in making
posters are to be included. When
completed, each of our primary teach
ers will be given a copy. It is a
tremendous task but one that will he
worth more than It costs la time and
If all the Maui primary teachers of
training and experience were inter
ested and would lend a hand in com
piling such notebooks, the results
would be much better. Committees
might be formed to work out the dif
ferent subjects and the entire set sub
mitted to higher authority for correc
tion and approval.
RED CROSS NOTES
MUST KEEP UP WORK
That the demands upon the Ameri
can Red Cross have not been dimin
ished by the German surrender is the
opinion of John A. Britton, chairman
of the San Francisco Chapter, and he
urges all members of the local or
ganization to allow no slackening of
their ctivity in behalf of the Red
Cross. Britton says:
It will take three times ns long to
bring our overseas forces home as it
took to enroll, equip, train and trans
port them, and there are thousands
of wounded, disabled and convalesc
ing American soldiers who must be
cared for by the Red Cross. There
fore the supply of nurses and the
production of knitted goods and hospi
tal garments must not be reduced.
Our civilian relief bureau must con
tinue protecting dependent families of
enlisted men and be prepared to have
its task steadily increase.
In addition to those duties of the
Red Cross, there are millions of
needy people in the devastated coun
tries who must be helped until nor
mal conditions are restored. This
means a continued output of refugee
garments and other necessaries which
the Red Cross has been supplying.
So the women of th-j United States,
can find Red Cross work to do until
our last soldier has been brought
home and returned to his pre-war use
fulness and the last European victim
of brutality is no longer dependent
upon American aid. Those women
who have been deprived of Red Cross
occupation by the closing down of
surgical ' bandage making can find
plenty of knitting or sewing to fill
their spare time.
On November 30th, 1918, 15 cases
of Red Cross supplies were shipped
from Maui Branch, A. R. C, direct to
Vladivostok on "S. S. Venezuela."
These cases contained:
14.625 gauze compresses.
17,950 gauze wipes.
693 hospitals bed shirts.
180 comfort pillows.
139 pillow slips.
A very pleasant party was held at
the home of Mrs. Hair, Ilamkuapoko
for the Red Cross workers of the Ha
makuapoko Unit on Thursday, Decem
A most enjoyable time was spent
In playing games and singing after
which delicious refreshments of ice
cream, cakes and nuts were nerved.
This unit has turned out during tho
year the following garments:
646 khaki kit bags.
181 pair operating leggings.
106 pair hospital socks.
44 pair bed socks.
143 hot water bag covers.
21 suits pajamas.
5 pair trench drawers.
Grove Ranch (average 5 workers)
made in 9 months 383 pair trench
Grand total 3,059.
The Grove Ranch workers were un
able to be present at the party on
account of bad roads.
DOUGLAS, Alaska, Nov. 10 (By
Associated Press) (By Mail) Taku
Glacier near here has been unusually
active lately. Marines report Taku
Straits a mass of icebergs evidently
dropped from the big frozen river.
Old timers say they never before saw
bo much ice in the straits at this time
of the year.
B. B. C. Gives Health, Strength, Pep And Nerve Power
That Remarkable Remedy
Endorsed by many leading phyii.
ciant and people in public life.
B. B. C. Is a marvelous recon
structive tonic. It infuses the sys
tem with the iron force of health
and vitality of youth, building up
the body stronger than sickness
and disease, and that is all there is
to it. If the body is strong and
normal and tho organs of it well
regulated and performing their
functions, there is no sickness. B.
B. C. does that very thing builds
up your body and makes it stronger
Fair Retail Prices On Maui
November 1C, 1918.
The Maui Fair Price Committee, appointed by the United States Food
Administration, Issues the following list of retail prices which are deemed
to be reasonable to both consumer and dealer.
The difference In prices given are Intended to allow for the difference
in cost to merchants in different localities on account of freight, deliveries
to customers, etc.
The list is based upon cost figures submitted by dealers In all parts
of the county and Is subject only to changes which may have occurred
in wholesale prices since the above date.
SPECIAL NOTICE The Fair Price Committee has had tome few
complaints that they have been charged higher prices than indicated In the
Fair Price List. The Committee will be glad to have complaints of this
kind with all particulars concerning the transaction. When possible a
dealer's charge slip should be sent.
MAUI FAIR PRICE COMMITTEE,
U. S. Food Administration,
COMMODITY Cost Del'd. at Store Selling Price
Wheat Flour, per 24tt-lb. bag .... 1.59 to 1.68 1.70 to 180
Wheat Flour, per 49 lb., bag 3.20 to 3.35 3.59 to 3 65
Wheat Flour, per 101b. bag 65 to .t!7'4 .70 to .75
Barley Flour, (bulk) per lb 06V4 to .07 .07', to .08
Rice Flour, (bulk) per lb 08 to .10 .10 to .12 '4
Corn Flour, size (....) per lb 05 to .08s .06 to .10
Corn Meal, size (....) per lb 06 to .07i .06 to .09
Rolled Oats, per pkg., small
Rice, (Hawaiian per bag
Rice, (Hawaiian), (bulk) per lb
Rice, (Japan) per bag
Rice, (Japan), (bulk) per lb
Beans, (white) per lb
Beans, (Maui Red) per lb . ..
Potatoes, (Maui) per lb
Potatoes, (California) per lb
Potatoes, (sweet) per lb
Onions, per lb
Butter, per lb
Eggs, (fresh Island) per doz...
Cheese, (American) full cream, p. lb.
Milk, (Evaporated) 16 oz., per can
Milk (Evaporated) 6 oz., per can ..
Milk, (Condensed) Eagle, per can.
Lard Compound, No. 3, per can ...
Lard Compound, No. 5, per can...
Lard Compound, No. 10, per can...
Crisco, Small, per can
Crisco, Med., per can
Crisco, large, per can
Crisco, large, per can. 6-lb
Salad Oil, (glass) per qt
Canned Salmon, No. 1, pink, per can
Canned Salmon, No. 1, Med. red, p. c.
Canned Salmon, No. 1, Sockeye, p. c.
C'd Salmon, No. 2, Sockeye, p. c, s.
Sardines, No. 1, Oval Tomato, per c.
Canned Tomatoes, 2H, Stand., p. c.
Canned Tomatoes, 2V4, sol. p., p. c.
Tomato Hot Sauce, small, per can
Corn, No. 2, Stand., per can
Peas, No. 2, Stand., per can
Corned Beef, No. 1, per can
Deviled Meat Ham Flavor, 4. P. c.
Vienna Sausage, per can
Bacon, whole piece, per lb
Bacon, cut, per lb
Ham, whole, per lb
Ham, cut, per lb
Salt Salmon, red, per lb
Sugar, washed, per lb
Sugar, Granulate, per lb
Bread, Mb. loaf
Catton, Neill & Co., Ltd.
Works 2nd and
Hawaiian Representatives for
JEFFREY MANUFACTURING CO'S
LINK BELT CHAINS
PULVERIZERS ALGAROBA BEAN, LIMA, CORAL, ALFALFA.
Gift Suggestions 1
169-177 So. King Street
than the ailments that assail it and
they are beaten and utterly routed,
and health is the result. That's
why rheumatism, blood impurities,
sick headaches, nervous depres
sions, sleepless nights, aenemic
and run-down condition, billious
ness, torpid liver, constipation,
kidney and bladder ailments give
way to an extended course of B. B.
C. even in cases of long standing
and the body vibrates with health.
The extraordinary merit of B. B. C.
is proved by the many prominent
local people who have testified to
that effect. B. B. C. is a bottled
liquid, therefore far superior to
tablet remedies which lose their
strength and are often soiled In
B. B. C. i sold by all druggists,
plantation stores and dealer. $1.25
per bottle; 6 for $7. We pay ship
ping charges on all $7.00 cah
order. B. B. C. headquarters, 161
King St., below Fith Market.
13,i to .20 .20 to .23
8.77 to 9.50 9.15 to 10 0j
08 to .09 J. .09 to .11
10.75 to 12. 0o' 11 40 to 12.5!:
10 to .12', .U'i to .13
07 to .18 .08 to .24
.07 to .10'i .10 to .15
03 to 04U -03 to .06
02 to .05 .03 to .06
01 to .04 .02 to .05
02'i to .05 .03 to .06
50 to .83V4 .60 to .90
76 to .80 .85 to .90
.30 to .38 .36 to .46
.10 to .15 .15 to .20
.05 'i to .07 .07 to .10
.18 to .25 .20 to .25
.59 to .80 .75 to .90
1.10 to 1.45 1.30 to 1.60
2.21 to 2.58 2.35 to 3.0U
31 to .41 .32 to .60
38 to .56 .45 to .75
89 to 1.05 1.00 to 1.25
1.79 to 1.88 1.95 to 2.30
45 to .60 .60 to .75
.15 to .29 17 to .35
.16 to .23 .20 to .27
.18 to .35 - .35 to .40
.16 to .19 .20 to .25
.12 to .23 .15 to .25
04 to .10 .06 to .15
.08 to .15 .11 to .20
.11 to .17 .14 to .20
.05 to .08 .06 to .10
12 to .17 .15 to .25
10 to .25 .15 to .30
22 to .40 .25 to .45
.04 to .06 .05 to .10
10 to .18 .12 to .20
47 to 56 .53 to .60
47 to .56 .58 to .60
29 to .42 .37 to .60
28 to .41 .37 to .45
11 to .23 .15 to .20
05i to .06Vi .06i to .0714
08 to .09 .0S to .10V4
08 to .10 .10 to .12
MECHANIC'S TOOL BOXES
MECHANIC'S TOOL BOXES
HOUSEHOLD TOOL SETS
Ben Brunt, tropical traveler, whose
B. B. C. Medicine cures have made
the whole country talk.