Newspaper Page Text
THE MAUI NEWS, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 27, 1918.
How Disloyalty Was
Checked During War
Told In Annual Report Of Attorney
General Gregory Policing Of
Country A Big Job But Well Done
Rounded Up Slackers
WASHINGTON, Dec. 10 (Dy Asso
ciated Press Correspondent) The
story of how enemy agents have been
caught, disloyalty suppressed, draft
slackers apprehended, dangerous Ger
mans interned explosions and other
sabotage prevented, and enemy se
crets ferretted out for use against
their armies abroad, -was given to the
public today in Attorney General T.
W Gregory's annual report. Through
a great corps of Department of Justice
civil officers, secret agents, and citi
r.en volunteers, this big job of polic
ing has been accomplished, said the
Attorney General, with a minimum
disturbance to the normal life of com
munities, and with constant effort to
avoid encroaching on freedom of
speech, action find political criticism.
Referring to enforcement of the
espionage act, MV. Gregory said:
"This department throughout the
war has proceeded upon the general
principle that the constitutional right
of free speech, free assembly, and pe
tition exist in war time as in peace
time, and that the right of discussion
of government policy and the right
of political agitation are the most
fundamental rights in a democracy."
At the ssnie time, the Attorney Gen
eral explained, the Department had
tried to deal severely with propagan
da having for a deliberate purpose the
disintegration of the country's war
"One of the distinct achievements
of the American people," he said,
"has been the maintenance of order,
the comparative failure of enemy act
ivities and, speaking broadly, the gen
eral self-control and self-restraint ex
hibited throughout the country In
The Attorney General disclosed
that only 6,000 enemy aliens have
been arrested on preeidentlal war
rants and examined with a view to
internment and that "a considerable
number" of these have been placed
in Internment camps administered by
the army. The balance were parolled.
Most enemies interned were German
men, 'and there were comparatively
few German women or Austro-Hun-garians.
About 480,000 Germans have
been registered la the nation-wide
census 260,000 men and 220,000
Up to last July 1, Department of
Justice Investigators had rounded up
23,439 young men who sought to es
cape the draft, and had caused their
induction into the service. More than
220,000 cases of men who for some
reason or other had failed to file
. questionnaires or to appear for physl
' cal examination were investigated.
Looking forward to peace condi
tions, the Attorney General makes a
number of recommendations for re
form of judicial processes. Although
he referred to the difficulty of pushing
anti-trust prosecutions during the war
since the government itself has been
in the business of suppressing com
petition, he made no suggestions for
anti-trust legislation which Congress
is expected to undertake soon.
War activities claimed the principal
portions of the report, and after re
ferring to the growth of the Depart
ment's secret service to six times its
size In 1916, and the efficient organl
lation of the American Protective
League of 250,000 citizen volunteers,
Mr. Gregory said:
"It is safe to say that never in its
history has this country been so tho
roughly policed as at the present time.
"When it becomes possible, through
the lapse of time, to disclose fully
the activities of thes various secret
service, their work will stand out as
one of the substantial achievements
of the war."
Hints of an American espionage
system were given in the statement
that the secret services "have given
protection not only to the civilian po
pulation but to the armed forces, and
some of their activities have also re
sulted in direct damage to the enemy
Great stress was laid on the suffici
ency of normal civil processes "and
tile needlessness of attempting to in
voke the use of military tribunals in
"It has been the view of this De
partment," the Attorney General said,
"that every act of arbitrary and un
necessary interference with the life,
habits, and occupation of the citizen,
would lessen efficiency, disturb order,
and weaken public confidence In tho
Ameiicnn standards of justice."
Ho added that he had emphasized
this view on other government depart
ments, resulting "on a number of oc
casions In preventing encroachments
upon the jurisdiction of the civil tri
bunals of the country."
This was considered significant lu
Tlew of the United States ability to
maintain the normal functioning of
ordinary government machinery to a
much greater extent than omcr ocm
rerenta. The government's Internment policy
also has been more lenient than those
of England and France, the Attorney
General stated, and the efficacy of
the methods and principles are ev
idenced by the good order generally
"Systematic disloyal propaganda be
came a failure during the first year of
the war," he said. "Shortly after our
entry into the war this propaganda.
supported chiefly by those miiuences
and organizations which had opposed
the declaration of war, manifested
itself in distinct opposition to the
adoDtion. and operation of the selec
tlve service act, but una type or pro
paganda was almost immediately sup
pressed and destroyed, it was iouow
ed by manifestations of propaganda
of an economic and social character,
clearly supported In the main, by
Christmas Story Enacted
At Makawao Union Church
The vesper service at the Makawao
Union Church last Sunday evening,
was out of the ordinary for Christmas.
The pupils of the Sunday school made
up the caste for the dramatization of
the Christmas story.
The selection of the music and the
arrangement of the tableaux was the
work of Mr. Arthur D. Baldwin for
production in his own home.
The shepherds listened to the an
gel's message that a child should be
born. They hastened away to pay
homage beside the manger where the
babe was with Mary near by. Also
the WSsemen came with their gifts
and reveernlly bowed before the child.
Later the congregation went forward
and gave their offering for the Armen
ians. More than $240 were given.
though no special effort had been
made, since there had been many
drives for other purposes.
Mrs. Louise M. Jones hnd charge of
the tableaux and sang the solo parts,
while the Sunday school pupils rend
ered the choruses. Mrs. Millie E.
Hair was organist and Mrs. Louise V.
Boyum clearly read the Scripture
Federal Authorities May
Hunt Down Booze Sellers
Sheriff Crowell went to Honolulu
on Wednesday afternoon, in charge of
Mrs. Shibata, the wife of the Japan
ese storekeeper at Peahi, whose place
was raided last week for selling wise.
The woman was the one caught doing
the selling and she is to be turned
over to the U. S. authorities.
Much Booze Being Sold
Sheriff Crowell states that there is
evidence of a considerable traffic in
liquor both on this island and on Mp
lokai, and also that swipes is being
made in various quarters. He has
recommended to the U. S. Marshal
that a deputy be assigned to this coun
ty to run down these violators of the
United States law with the aid of the
It Is understood that an amendment
is before congress at the present
time which will give Jurisdiction to
the territorial circuit courts to handle
such cases, and which will considera
bly simplify the matter of dealing
with liquor violations.
sympathizers with the enemy powers.
This general type of propaganda
reached its height in the autumn of
1917, but gained no great headway
and was declining by January 1, 1918.
Various other types of propaganda
have appeared sporadically but none
of them have gained any substantial
footing, and it may be fairly said that
prior to July 1, 1918, the effect of Ger
man sympathizers in the field of dis
loyal propaganda had almost complete
The Department has been hamper
ed in suppressing propaganda, said
the Attorney General, by "self-appoint
ed committees or association of citi
zens who, ignorant of or dissatisfied
with the scope of the federal laws, or
jurisdiction, have sought to supple
ment them by extra-legal measures
of Intimidation and punishment." An
other hampering influence was the
dissemination of hundreds of unfound
ed reports relating to use of poison
gas by enemy agents, ground glass In
food, and damage to Red Cross sup
plies. Referring to difficulties with mem
bers of the I. WJ- W., "pseudo-socialists,"
and similar bodies, the Attorney
"It has been the policy of this De
partment that no person should be
prosecuted or interned solely by rea
son of his membership in any such
organization, that guilt is always per
sonal, and that under no circum
stances should any organization or
body of men be prosecuted as such."
Less than one per cent of the en
emy aliens arrested on suspicion and
later parolled have again fallen under
suspicion. Of the 75,000 enemy aliens
applying for permission to complete
their naturalization, which was stop
ped on the declaration of war, reports
on more than 10,000 have been furn
ished the naturalization authorities of
the Department of Labor.
Discussing the enforcement of anti
trust laws, Attorney General Gregory
"When natural laws of trade break
down, as they have done during the
war in many branches of trado, direct
government action with respect to
prices and methods of distribution
may become essential in order to pre
vent private control of markets, for
when natural laws of trade can no
longer be depended up to regulate
markets, the only choice is between
artificial 'control imposed by private
Interests and artificial control impos
ed by public agencies. In these cir
cumstances, therefore, such direct gov
ernmental action, so far from running
counter to the purpose of the Sher
man act, is directly in line with it."
The Attorney General said the hear
ing of pending anti-trust cases in the
Supreme Court had been postponed on
motion of the government because
"the dissolution of these combinations
would require financial operations on
a large scale, which it would not be
in the public interest to undertake
In the present condition of the money
market, brought about by tho war."
Mr. Gregory's recommendations pro
pose legislation to make a federal war
rant run to any part of the United
States, so that indicted individuals
cannot escape trial so easily; retire
ment of federal judges at the age of
70 if they have served ten years or
more; legislation to make it an of
fense to send through the mail letters
threatening life or property: tighten
ing up of bankruptcy laws; and legis
lation making it possible to sue a
corporation in auy district in which
it transacts business.
Peacock Gets News
Of Soldier Brothers
One Wounded And Prisonered Is Re
covering From Broken Thigh
Other Is Suffering Nervous Break
Down In Hospital
F. W. Peacock, of Puunene, receiv
ed by the last mainland mail a letter
from his relatives in England bearing
the welcome tidings that his brother,
Lt. Jack Peacock is again safe with
friends, though he is still in a hospi
tal in Liege, Belgium, suffering from
a badly broken thigh. The letler was
written on November 18, just one
week after the peace armistice was
The Maul News, several weeks' ago
published the fact that Lt. Peacock,
fighting with the Australian troops,
had been captured by the enemy after
being seen to fall in a charge. Natural
ly his brother in Maui has been anxi-
ouslyvaiting more details of occur
rence, particularly as to his fate, so
the news comes as a great relief. Ac
cording to the letter received, when
the young officer fell two of his men
tried to carry him back, but one of
them was also shot and wounded and
the other was thereupon ordered back
Mr. Peacocks correspondent also
stated that his other soldier brother,
Lt. Arch. Peacock, of the "Princess
Pat's" famous regiment, had been so
affected by the news of his brother's
wounding and capture that he had
been sent to a hospital in England for
treatment for nervous collapse, and
that he was still in the hospital at the
time the letter was written.
Militia Folk Of Maui
In Busy Social Whirl
The following are from the Star-
Bulletin's Schofield Barracks corres
pondent: Mrs. William Englo was hostess for
the Sewing club on Thursday after
noon at her pleasant quarters in the
2nd Hawaiian Infantry cantonment.
; (i clock tea and dainty cakes
were served to the guests, who were
Mrs. Harry Hamilton Morehead, Mrs.
Frederick A. Gluud, Mrs. Henry Law
rence White, Mrs. George S. Ray
mond, Mrs. Robert M. Lindsay, Mrs.
William Hardy Hill, Mrs. John Zim
merman and Mrs. Fred C. Moore.
Capt. Fletcher G. Sandborn was the
informal dinner guest of Lieut.'' and
Mrs. Eugene Ayres on Thursday ev
ening at their quarters in the old
Field Artillery cantonment.
Mrs. Robert M. Lindsay was hostess
for one table of bridges on Wednes
day afternoon at her quarters in the
2nd Hawaiian Infantry cantonment.
Those playing were Mrs. William S.
Chillingworth, Mrs. Clarence Carter,
Mrs. William Engle and Mrs. Lindsay.
Tea was enjoyed by the guests at 5
On Thursday evening Lieut, and
Mrs. William Engle had as their
guests for an evening of bridge Capt.
and Mrs. William S. Chillingworth
and Mr. Charles Savage of Wailuku,
Mrs. George Raymond spent Satur
day visiting friends and relatives in
Lieutenant and Mrs. George Ray
mond entertained at dinner on last
Friday evening at their attractive
quarters' in the engineer cantonment.
A vase of red carnations added a
touch of color to the well appointed
table around which covers were ar
ranged for Miss Eleanor Holt, Miss
Anna Harrison of Honolulu, Lieut.
William H. Wright and the host and
hostess. Later in the evening the
party attended tho hop given by the
On last Sunday morning a jolly rid
ing party composed of Captain and
Mrs. Fletcher G. Sandborn, Captains
William Murphy and Killian Schmidt
made the trip to Kolekole Pass to
view the sunrise from the command
ing point of the Waianae range.
On Saturday evening Lieutenant
and Mrs. George S. Raymond were
host and hostess at a very pretty din
ner given at their attractive quarters
in the 3rd Engineer cantonment Their
guests were Colonel and Mrs. Harry
Hamilton Morehead, and Mrs. Clive
Charles Savage of Wailuku, Maul,
was the house guest for" a few days
this week of Lieutenant and Mrs.
Willlan Engle at their quarters in the
2nd Hawaiian Infantry cantonment
SEATTLE, Wash., Nov. 28 (By
Associated Press) Grizzled old sea
dogs of this section who have been
accustomed to gathering once each
year about New Year's Day, will not
meet this season. This year it was dis
covered that about 100 members of the
Shipmasters' Association are scatter
ed far and wide in the service of the
country's merchant marine, or in the
navy. With the probability of only a
handful being available, the annual
banquet was called off and the esti
mated cost of it, $500 was invested in
bonds of the fourth Liberty Loan.
BUTTE. Mont., Dec, 12 (By As
sociated Press) Butte is advancing a
plan for a gigantic granite shaft, to
be erected on Big Butte, a towering
mountain that lies on the western
edge of the city.
The granite would be Been for forty
miles on clear days, and would con
tain the names of every Montana boy
who gave his life for his country dur
ing the great war.
CHITINA, Alaska, Nov. 15 (By
Mail) Wheel rims eighteen inches
wide are on two new automobile
trucks brought here recently to be
used In carrying the mail between
Chitina and Fairbanks over the wlnt
ter snow trail With the broad wheel
rims the trucks will not sink In the
NOTICE OF SALE OF GOVERN
At 12 o'clock, noon, Monday Decem
ber 30th, 1918, at the front door of
the Capitol Building, Honolulu, T. H.,
there will be sold at public auction
under Section 380 of the Revised Laws
of Hawaii of 1915, a general lease to
the following described Government
Land of Wahikull, Lahalna, Maui,
containing a total area of 1972 acres,
under Section 780 of the Revised Laws
1479 acres are cane land and the bal
ance pasture and waste land; term of
lease, 10 years from April 7th, 1919;
upset rental, $15,000. per annum, pay
able semi-annually in advance.
All growing crops upon the above
described land shall remain the prop
erty of the present .lessee, who shall
have the right to remove same when
matured and harvestd.
All existing rights-of-way for Humes
pipe-lines, roads, trails, reservoir sites,
and such other necessary rights-of-way
are reserved by the Government.
The purchaser shall pay the costs
For maps and further information,
apply at the office of the Commission
er of Public Lands, Capitol Building,
Honolulu, T. H.
B. G. RIVENBURGH,
Commissioner of Public Lands.
Dated at Honolulu,
November 20, 1913.
(Nov. 29. Dec. 6, 20, 27.)
NOTICE OF SALE OF LEASE OF
At 12 o'clock, noon, Monday, De
cember 30th, 1918, at the front door
of the Capitol Building, Honolulu, T.
H., there will be sold at public auction
under Section 380 of the Revised
Laws of Hawaii of 1915, a general
lease to the Klpapa and Pahoa Fish
Ponds, situate on the Island of Molo
Terms of lease, 10 years from Janu
ary 1st, 1919.
Upset rejta' $20, pe annum, pay
able semi annual y in advance.
The purchaser ehall be required to
expend not less $800, during the term
of this lease in repairing and rehabil
itating the eaid ponds. Said improve
ments to be commenced within 90
days from the date of sale.
The purchaser shall pay the cobIs
For' maps and further information,
apply at the office of the Commission
er of Public Lands, Capitol Building,
Honolulu, T. H.
B. G. RIVENBURGH,
Commissioner of Public Lands.
Dated at Honolulu,
November 20, 1918.
Nov. 29, Dec. G, 20, 27.
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Food, coarse or fine as
wanted, rapidly and
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tear or grind food-
Four Sizes, $2.50 to $4.95 Each.
W. W. Dimond & Company
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functions, there is no sickness. B.
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Fair Retail Prices On Maui
November 16, 1918.
The Maui Fair Price Committee, appointed by the United States Food
Administration, issues the following list of retail prices which are deemed
to be reasonable to both consumer and dealer.
The difference in prices given are intended to allow for the difference
in cost to merchants in different localities on account of freight, deliveries
to customers, etc. "
The list is based upon cost figures submitted by dealers In all parts
of the county and is subject only to changes which may have occurred
in wholesale prices since the above date.
SPECIAL NOTICE The Fair Price Committee has .had some few
complaints that they have been charged higher prices than indicated In the
Fair Price List. The Committee will be- glad to have complaints of this
kind with 'all particulars concerning the transaction. When possible a
dealer's charge slip should be sent.
MAUI FAIR PRICE COMMITTEE,
U. S. Food Administration,
COMMODITY Cost Del'd. at Store Selling Price
Wheat Flour, per 24-lb. bag ....$ 1.59 to $ 1.68 $ 1.70 to $ 1.80
Wheat Flour, per 491b. bag 3.20 to 3.35 3.59 to 3.65
Wheat Flour, per 10-lb. bag 63 to .67 .70 to .75
Barley Flour, (bulk) per lb 06 to .07 .07 V4 to .08
Rice Flour, (bulk) per lb 08 to .10 .10 to .12-4
Corn Flour, size (....) per lb 05 to .08 .06 to .10
Corn Meal, size (....) per lb 06 to .07 .06 to .09
Rolled Oats, per pkg., small 13'i to .20 .20 to .25
Rice, (Hawaiian per bag 8.77 to 9.50 9.15 to 10.05
Rice, (Hawaiian), (bulk) per lb 08 to .092 .09 to .11
Rice, (Japan) per bag 10.75 to 12.00 11.40 to 12.5E
Rice, (Japan), (bulk) per lb I0?i to .124 .11U to .13
Beans, (white) per lb 07 to .13 .08 to .24
Beans, (Maui Red) per lb 07 to .10'i .10 to .15
Potatoes, (Maul) per lb 03 to 04'i .03V4 to .06
Potatoes, (California) per lb 02 to .05 .03 to .06
Potatoes, (sweet) per lb. 01 to .04 .02 to .05
Onions, per lb 02i to .05 .03 to .06
Butter, per lb 50 to .83 .60 to .90
Eggs, (fresh Island) per doz 76 to .80 .85 to .90
Cheese, (American) full cream, p. lb. .30 to .38 .36 to .46
Milk, (Evaporated) 16 oz., per can .10 to .15 .15 to .20
Milk (Evaporated) 6 oz., per can .. .05'i to .07 .07 to .10
Milk, (Condensed) Eagle, per can. .18 to .25 .20 to .25
Lard Compound, No. 3, per can ... .59 to .80 .75 to .90
Lard Compound, No. 5, per can... 1.10 to 1.45 1.30 to 1.60
Lard Compound, No. 10, per can... 2.21 to 2.58 2.35 to 3.00
Crisco, Small, per can 31 to .41 .32 to .60
Crisco, Med., per can 38 to .56 .45 to .75
Crisco, large, per can 89 to 1.05 1.00 to 1.25
Crisco, large, per can 6-Ib 1.79 to 1.88 1.95 to 2.30
Salad Oil, (glass) per qt 45 to .60 .60 to .75
Canned Salmon, No. 1, pink, per can .15 to .29 17 to .35
Canned Salmon, No. 1, Med. red, p. c. .16 to .23 .20 to .27
Canned Salmon, No. 1, Sockeye, p. c. .18 to .35 .35 to .40
C'd Salmon, No. 2, Sockeye, p. c, Ma. .16 to .19 .20 to .25
Sardines, No. 1, Oval Tomato, per c. .12 to .23 .15 to .25
Sardines, Domestic, 4 04 to .10 .06 to .15
Canned Tomatoes, 2V6, Stand., p. c. .08 to .15 .11 to .20
Canned Tomatoes, 2V4, sol. p., p. c. .11 to .17 .14 to .20
Tomato Hot Sauce, small, per can .05 to .08 .06 'i to . .10
Corn, No. 2, Stand., per can 12 to .17 .15 to .25
Peas, No. 2, Stand., per can 10 to .25 .15 to .30
Corned Beef, No. 1, per can 22 to .40 .25 to .45
Deviled Meat Ham Flavor, p. c. .04 4 to .06 .05 to .10
Vienna Sausage, per can 10 'to .18 .12 to .20
Bacon, whole piece, per lb 47 to 56 .53 to .60
Bacon, cut, per lb 47 to .56 .58 to .60
Ham, whole, per lb 29 to .42 .37 to .60
Ham, cut, per lb 28 to .41 .37 to '.45
Salt Salmon, red, per lb 11 to .23 .15 to .20
Sugar, washed, per lb 05 to .06 -06 to .07
Sugar, Granulate, per lb , 08 to .09 .08 to .10
Bread, 1-lb. loaf .08 to .10 .10 to .12
Works 2nd and
Hawaiian Representatives for
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The extraordinary merit of B. B. C.
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