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Thj hand, my brother toiler,
There! something In its graip,
That telli me 'tis no shadow,
Or useless thing, t clasp ;
Dnt the lever of an earnest will,
Of an honett heart, and true,
That findi In thli world labor,
And, finding, dares to do.
Thy Up hat learned to whimper
No thoughts thou canst not feel ;
Upon thy brow was never set
Hypocrisy's false seal;
There's a candor In thjr bluntness,
In thy nigged form of speech,
Worth more than all the smoothness
False etiquette can teach.
Then take my hand, my brother,
And an earnest word of cheer,
To make more strong thy strength'nlng hope
And confidence or fear ;
There's many a golden honor
Thy sweating brow should wear,
And jet thy hand will earn them,
If thj heart does not despair.
HON. A. H. 8TEPHENS.
Under the lead of this gallant son of Geor
gia, the conservative citizens of that State are
making a bolder demonstration in behalf of
tho Union and the Constitution than in any
other State where secession sentiments appear
to predominate. His speech, delivered in the
hall of the House of Representatives of Geor
gia, on the evening of the 14th instant, in
answer to Mr. Toombs, abounds in patriotic
sentiments, eloquently expressed ; and the ap
plause with which these sentiments were greet
ed, affords cheering evidence that the people of
Georgia are not wholly given over to fanati
cism and treason. We copy below a few brief
extracts from this noble speech :
"The first question that presents itself is,
Shall the people of the South secede from the
Union in consequence of the election of Mr.
Lincoln to the Presidency of the United States ?
My countrymen, I tell you frankly, candidly,
and earnestly, that I do not think that they
ought. In my judgment, the election of no
man, constitutionally chosen to that high of
fice, is sufficient cause for any Stnte to sepa
rate from the Union. It ought to staud by
and aid still in maintaining the Constitution of
the country. To make a point of resistance
to the Government, to withdraw from it because
a man has been constitutionally elected, puts
us in the wrong. We are pledged to maintain
the Constitution. Many of us have sworn to
support it. Can we, therefore, for the mere
election of a man to the Presidency, and that,
too, in accordance with the prescribed forms
of the Constitution, mako a point of resistance
to theGovernmentwithont becoming the break
ers of that sacred instrument ourselves?
Withdraw ourselves from it? Would we not
be in the wrong? Whatever fate is to befall
this country, let it never bo laid to the charge
of the people of the South, and especially to
the people of Georgia, that tee were untrue to
our national engagements. Let the fault and
the wrong rest upon others. If all our hopes
are to be blasted, if the Republic is to go down,
let us be found to the last moment standing on
the deck, with the flag of the Constitution of
the United States waving over our heads. Ap
plause. Let the fanatics of the North break
the Constitution, if such is their fell purpose.
Let the responsibility be upon them. I shall
speak more presently of their acts. But let
not tho South, let us not be the ones to
commit the aggression. We went into tho
election with this people. The result was dif
ferent from what we wished ; but the election
has been constitutionally held. Were we to
make a point of resistance to the Government,
and go out of tho Union on that account, the
record would be made up hereafter against us.
"But it is said that Mr. Lincoln's policy
and principles are against the Constitution, and
that if he carries them out it will be destruc
tive of our rights. Let us not anticipate a
threatened evil. If he violates the Constitu
tion, then will come our time to act. Do not
let us break it because, forsooth, he may. If
he does, that is tho time for us to strike. Ap
plause. I think it would be injudicious and
unwise to do this sooner. I do not anticipate
that Mr. Lincoln will do anything to jeopard
our safety or security, whatever may be his
spirit to do it ; for be is bound by the consti
tutional checks which ore thrown around him,
which at this time render him powerless to do
any great mischief. This shows the wisdom of
our system. I no rresiaent ot too unitea
States is no Emperor, no Dictator; he is
clothed with no absolute power. He can do
nothing, unless be is backed by power in Con
gress." " , i
" I have heard it mooted that no man in the
State of Georgia, who is true to her interests,
could hold office under Mr. Lincoln. But I ask,
who appoints to office? Not the President
alone ; the Senate hat to concur. No man tan
be appointed without the consent of the Sen
ate. Should any man, then, refuse to hold office
that was given him by a Democratic Senate 7
Mr. Toombs interrupted, and said, if the Sen
ate wu Democratic, it was for Mr. Breckin
ridge. Well, then, continued Mr. S., I appre
hend no man conld be justly considered untrue
to the interest of Georgia, or incur any dis
grace, if the interests of Georgia required it, to
bold an office which a Breckinridge Senate had
given him, even though Mr. Lincoln should be
President. Prolonged applause, mingled with
" My countrymen, I am not of those who be
lieve this Uuion has been a curse up to this
time. True men, men of integrity, entertain
different views from me on this subject. I do
not question their right to do so ; I would not
impugn their motives in so doing. Nor will I
undertake to say that this Government of our
fathers Is perfect. There is nothing perfect in
this world of u human origin ; nothing connected
with human nature, from man himself to any of
his works. You may select the wisest and best
men for your judges, and yet how many defects
are there in the administration of justice 7 You
may select the wisest and best men for your
legislators, and yet how many defects are ap
parent in your laws ? And it is so in our Gov
ernment. But that this Government of our
fathers, with all its defects, comes nearer the
objects of all good Governments than any other
on the face of the earth, is my settled conviction.
Contrast it now with any on the face of the
earth. England, said Mr. Toombs. England,
my friend says. Well, that is the next best, I
grant ; but I think we have improved upon Eng
land. Statesmen tried their apprentice hand
on the Government of England, and then ours
was made. Ours sprung from that, avoiding
many of its defects, taking most of the good,
and leaving out many of its errors, and, from
the whole, constructing and building up this
model Republic, the best which the nistory of
the world gives any account of. Compare, my
friends, this Government with that of Spain,
Mexico, the South American Republics, Ger
many, Ireland, (are there any sons of that down
trodden nation hero to-night?) Prussia, or, if
you travel further east, to Turkey or China.
Where will you go, following the sun in its cir
cuit round our globe, to find a Government that
better protects the liberties of its people, and
secures to them the blejsings-wo enjoy? Ap
plause. I think that one of tiie evils that beset
us is a surfeit of liberty, an exuberance of the
priceless blessings for which we are ungrate
ful." "Let us pause here a moment. In 1850
there was a great crisis, but not so fearful as
this for of all I have ever passed through, this
is tho most perilous, and requires to bo met
with tho greatest calmness and deliberation.
There were many amongst us in 1850 zealous
to go at onco out of the Union, to disrupt every
tie-that binds us together. Now, do you believe,
if that policy had been carried out at that time,
wo would have been the same great people that
wo are to day ? It may be that we would, but
have you any assurnnco of that fnct? Would
wc lmvo made tho samo advancement, improve
ment, and progress, In all that constitutes ma
terial wealth and prosperity ? I notice in the
Comptroller General's report, that the taxable
property of Georgia is $870,000,000 nnd up
wards, an amount not far from double what it
was in 1850. I think-1 may venture to say that
for the last ten years the material wealth of the
Sconle of Georgia has been nearly, if not quite,
oubled. The same may be said of onr ad
vance in education and everything that marks
our civilization. Uave we any assurance, that
had wc regarded the earnest but misguided
patriotic advice, as I think, of some of that day,
and disrupted the ties which bind us to the
Union, we would have advanced aa we have ?
I think not. Well, then, let us be careful now
before we attempt any rash experiment of this
sort. I know that there are friends, whose
patriotism I do not intend to question, who
think this Union a curse, and that wc would be
better off without it. I do not so think; if we
can bring about a correction of those evils
which threaten us and I am not without hope
that this may yet be done this appeal to go
out, with all the provisions for good that accom
pany it, I look upon as a great, and, I fear, a
" When I look around and see our prosperity
in everything agriculture, commerce, art,
science, and every department of education,
physical and mental, as well as in moral ad
vancement, and our colleges I think, in the
face of such an exhibition, if we can, without
the loss of power, or any essential right or in
terest, remain iu the Union, it is our duty to
ourselves aud to posterity to do so. Let us not
too readily yield to this temptation. Our first
parents, the great progenitors of the human
race, were not without a like temptation when
in the garden of Eden. They were led to be
lieve that their condition would be bettered ;
that their eyes would be opened ; and that they
would become as gods. They, iu nn evil hour,
yielded : instead of becoming gods, they only
saw their own nakedness.
" I look upon this country, with our institu
tions, as the Eden of the world, the paradise of
the universe, u may De, tnai oui oi u we may
become greater and more prosperous ; but I am
candid and sincere in telling you that I fear, if
we rasniy evince passion, ana, wuauui euuivieut
cause, shall take that step, that instead of be
coming greater or more peaceful, prosperous,
and happy, instead of becoming gods, we will
become demons, and at no distant day commence
cutting one another's throats. This is ray ap
prehension. Let us, therefore, whatever we do,
meet these difficulties, great as they are, like
wise and sensible men, and consider them in
tho light of all the consequences which may at
tend our action. Let us see first, clearly, where
the path of duty leads, and then we may not
fear to tread therein."
NATIONAL REPUBLICAN ASSOCIA
B. B. French, President
J. J. Coombs, First Vice President.
Martin Buell, Second Vice President
Lewis Clephane, Secretary.
Woodford Stone, Treasurer.
John nines, G. II. Plant, Job W. Angus, J.
F. Hodgson, James Lynch, G. R. Vvilson,
and Henry M. Knight, Executive Committee
Meets at the Wigwam, corner of Indiana
avenue and Second street, every Thursday
REPUBLICAN ASSOCIATION OF THE
J. J. Coombs, President.
G. A. Hall. First Vice President
A. Duvall, 8ccond Vice President
J. C. Clary, Secretary.
Martin Buell, Treasurer.
GERMAN REPUBLICAN ASSOCIATION.
W. Krzyzanowski, President
Dr. Briegleb, First Vice President.
G. Dilli, Second Vice President
Joseph Gerhard, Secretary.
John Lercb, Treasurer.
Meets at Gerhard's Germanin, every Tues
day night, at eight o'clock.
REPUBLICAN ASSOCIATION OF THE
FIFTH AND SIXTH WARDS.
S. A. McKira, President.
George A. Bassett, First Vice President
George R. RufT, Second Vice President.
Charles Sleigh, Recording Secretary.
J. L. Heushaw, Corresponding Secretary.
William Dixon, Financial Secretary.
John Grinder, Treasurer.
Meets every Tuesday evening, at Odd Fel
lows' Hall, Navy Yard.
REPUBLICAN ASSOCIATION OF
Theodore Wheeler, President
Edward Lycctt, First Vice President.
A. Edson, Second Vice President.
William J. Murtagh, Secretary.
William Hendley, Treasurer.
J. R. Elvans, J. Dillon, G. W. Garrett. Wil
liam Martin, G. H. Larcombe,and G, B. Clark,
Meets at Island Hall, (third story,) corner
of Virginia avenue and Sixth street, every
Wednesday evening, at half past seven o'clock.
WIDE-AWAKES OF THE DISTRICTCOF
Lewis Clephane, President.
George II, Plant, Vice President
George A. Hall. Secretary.
Henry M. Knight, Captain.
M. Smith, First Lieutenant.
H. M. Downer, Second Lieutenant.
Meets at the Wigwam every Monday even
ing. SHARP'S BREECU-LOADINQ REPEATER I
"TTE have sold many dozens of the above
VV arm, and find they give satisfaction.
They weigh only eight and a half ounces, and
are warranted, at
nov 20 Soles Room, Brown's Hotel.
Organization of the Departtaoiiti.
Tho whole machinery employed to conduct the
business arising out of our foreign relations with
alt the Fowers of the world Is far more simple
than Is generally conceived. The number em
ployed In the Department of State of the United
States Is only twenty-eight, as follows : One Sec
retary of State, (lion. Lewis Oass,) one Assistant
Secretary of State, (Bon. John Appleton,) one
Chief Clerk, one Superintendent of Statistics,
twenty-two Clerks, one Translator, and one Li
brarian. Diplomatic Branch. This branch of the State
Department has charge of all correspondence
between the Department and other diplomatic
agents of the Unite) States abroad, and those of
foreign Powers accredited to this Government
In It all diplomatic instructions sent from tho
Department, and communications to commission
ers under treaties of boundaries, Ac, are pre
pared, copied, and recorded; and all of like char
acter received are registered and filed, their con
tents being first entered In an analytic table or
Consular Branch. This branch has charge of
the correspondence, Ac, between the Department
and the consuls and commercial agents of the
United States. In it Instructions to toose officers,
and answers to their dispatches and to letters
from other persons asking for consular agencj,
or relating to consular affairs, are prepared and
The Disbursing Agent. He has charge of all
correspondence and other matters connected with
accounts relating to anj fund with the disburse
ment of which the Department is charged.
The JVansalor. His duties are to furnish such
translations as the Department maj require. He
also records the commissions of consuls and vice
consuls, when not In English, upon which exe
quaturs are Issued.
Clerk of Appointments and Commissions. He
makes out and records commissions, letters of
appointment, and nominations to the Senate;
makes ont and records exeqaaturs, and records,
when In English, the commissions on which they
are issued. Has charge of the library.
Clerk of the Rolls and Archives. He takes charge
of the rolls, or enrolled acts and resolutions of
Congress, as thej are received at the Department
from the President; prepares the authenticaied
copies thereof which are called for; prepares for,
and superintends their publication, and that of
treaties, In the newspapers and In book form;
attends to tbelr distribution throughout the
United States, and that of all documents and pub
lications in regard to which this dutj is assigned
to the Department; writing and answering all
letters connected therewith. Has charge of all
Indian treaties, and business relating thereto.
Clerk of Territorial Business The Seal of the.
Department, Je. He has charge of the seals of
the United States and of the Department, and
prepares and attaches certificates to papers pre
sented for authentication ; has charge of the Ter
ritorial business ; immigration and registered sea
men ; records all letters from the Department,
other than the diplomatic and consular.
Clerk of rardoni and Postpone. He prepares
and records pardons and remissions; and regis
ters and files the petitions and papers on which
they are founded. Makes out and records pass
ports ; keeps a dally register of all letters, other
than diplomatic and consular, received, and of
the disposition made of them ; prepares letters
relating to this business.
Superintendent of Statistic!. He superintends
the preparation of the "Annual Report of the
Secretary of State and Foreign Commerce," as
required by the acts of 1842 and 1830.
ATTORNEY GENERAL'S OFFICE.
Hon. Jeremiah S. Black, Attorney General of
tbe Unitea states ; A. u. Mcualraont, Bsq., Assist
ant. The ordinary business of this office may be
classified under the following heads:
1. Official opinions on the current business of
tho Government, as culled lor by the l'resident,
by anj head of Department, or by the Solicitor
of the Treasury.
2. Examination of the titles of all land pur
chased, aB the sites of arsenals, custom-houses,
light-houses, and all other public works of the
3. Applications for pardons in all eases of con
viction In the conrts of the United States.
4. Applications for appointment in all the ju
dicial and legal business of the Government.
5. Tbe conduct and argument of all suits In
the Supreme Court of the United States In which
tbe Government is concerned.
C. Tbe supervision of all other suits arising in
any of the Departments, when referred by the
bead thereof to the Attorney General.
To these ordinary heads of the business of the
office is added at the present time the direction
of all appeals on land claims in California.
Secretary of the Department of tbe Interior,
Hon. Jacob Thompson, of the State of Missis
slopl. Its clerical force consists of one Chief
Clerk, (Moses Kelly.Esq.,) two Disbursing Clerks,
and ten other regular Clerks ; and to its super
vision and management ore committed the fol
lowing branches of the public ssrvice ;
1st. The Public Lands. Tht chief of this bu
reau Is called the Commissioner of the General
Land Office. The Land Bureau Is charged wl'h
the survey, management, and sale of the public
domain, and the issulngof titles therefor, whether
derived from confirmations of grants made bj
former Governments, by sales, donations, of
grants for schools, military bounties, or public
Improvements, and Mcewise the revision of Vir
ginia military bounty-land claims, and tbe Issu
ing of scrip in lieu thereof. The Land Office,
also, audits its own accounts. The present Com
missioner is Joseph S. Wilson. Its principal
officers are a Recorder, Chief Clerk, who also
acts as Commissioner ad interim, Principal Clerk
of Survejs, besides a Draughtsman, Assistant
Draughtsman, and some 150 Clerks of various
2d. Pemioni. Tbe present head of this bureau
It George O. Whiting, of Virginia. The Com
missioner is charged with the examination and
adjudication of all claims arising under the va
rious and numerous laws passed by Congress
granting bounty land or pensions for the mili
tary or naval services In the revolutionary and
subsequent wars in which the United States have
been engaged. He has one Chief Clerk, (John
Robb, Esq ,) and a permanent corps, consisting
of some seventy other Clerks.
3d. Jndiant. Commissioner of Indian Affairs,
A. B. Greenwood, of Arkansas. He is provided
with a Chief Clerk, and about fifteen other sub
4th. Patent Office. lion. Philip F. Thomas, of
jiaryianu, commissioner oi ratcnts. To tbls
bureau is committed the execution and perform
ance of all " acts and things touching and re
specting the granting and Issuing of patents for
new ana useiut discoveries, inventions, and Im
provements;" the collection of statistics rela
ting to agriculture'; the collection and distribu
tion J of seeds, plants, and cuttings. It has a
Chief Clerk who is by law the acting Commis
sioner of Patents in the absence of the Commis
sionertwelve principal and twelve assistant
Examiners of Patents, some dozen subordinate
permanent Clerks, besides a considerable num
ber ot temporary employees. Samuel T, Bhu
gert, Esq., Chief Clerk.
An act passed at the last session of Congress
provided that all books, maps, charts, and other
publications, heretofore deposited in tbe De
partment of State, according to the laws regu'a
ting copyrights, should be removed to tbe De
partment of the Interior, which is charged with
all the duties connected with matters pertaining
to copyright ; which duties have been assigned
by the Secretary of the Interior to the Patent Of
fice, at belonging most appropriately to this
branch of tbe service.
Besides these four principal branches of this
new Executive Department, the organic act of
1849 transferred to it from the Treasury Depart
ment the supervision of the accounts of the Uni
ted States Marshals a-.d Attorneys, and the
Clerks of the United States Courts, the manage
ment of the lead and other mines of the United
States, aid the affairs of the penitentiary of the
United States in the District of Columbia; and
from the State Department the duty of taking
and returning the censuses of the Unl'ed States,
and of supervising and directing the acts of the
Commissioner of Pnbllo Buildings. The Hospi
tal for the Insane of tbe army and navy and of
the District of Columbia Is also under the man
agement of this Department; in addition to
which, bj laws recentlj passed, the Secretarj of
the Interior Is charged with tho construction of
the three wagon roads leading to the Pacific
Under act of February 6, 1859, " providing for
keeping and dls'rloutlng all public documents,
all the books, documents, Ac, printed or pur
chased bj the Government," the Annals of Con
gress, American State Papers, American Ar
chives, Jefferson's and Adams's Works, are
transferred to this Department from the state
Department, Library of Congress, and elsewhere ;
also, the Journals and Documents of the Thirty
fifth Congress. These valuable viorks are dis
tributed to those who are by law entitled to re
ceive them, and to such " colleges, public libra
ries, athenxums, literary and scientific Institu
tions, boards of trade, or publlo sssoclatlons,"
as shall be designated by the members of Con
gress. The Department requires an additional build
ing for its accommodation, and tbe erection of
one has been repeatedly recommended during
the last few years for that purpose. At present,
the Pension Office Is provided with rooms in what
is known as "Winder's Building," while the
other branches of the Department Including the
Secretary's office, are all crowded into the Patent
Office building, the whole of which will be re
quired at an early day for the use of tbo Patent
Office, for which it was originally Intended.
The Treasury Department consists of tbe offi
ces of the Secretory of tbe Treasury, two Comp
trollers, Commissioner of the Customs, six Au
ditors, Treasurer, Register, Solicitor, Light-house
Board, and Coast Survey.
The following is a brief indication of the duties
of these several offices, and of the force employed
Secretary1! Office. Hon. Howell Cobb, Secre
tary of the Treasury; Hon. Philip Clayton, Assist
ant Secretary; one Engineer In Charge; ono
Architect, and three Draughtsmen temporarily
employed, and twenty-three Clerks. The Secre
tary of the Treasury is charged with the general
supervision of the fiscal transactions of the Gov
ernment, and of the execution of the laws con
cerning tbe commerce and navigation of the
United States. He ruperintends the survey of
the coast, the l'ght-bouse establishment, tbe ma
rine hospitals ot the United States, and the con
struction of certain public buildings for custom
houses and other purposes.
iVij Comptroller Office. Hon. William Me
dill, Comptroller, and fifteen Clerks. He pre
scribes the mode of keeping and rendering ac
counts for the civil and diplomatic service, as
well as the public lands, and revises and certifies
tbe balances arising thereon.
Second Comptroller1! Office. J. M. Cutts, Esq.,
Comptroller, and seventeen Clerks. He prescribes
tbe mode of keeping and rendering the accounts
of the Army, Navy, and Indian departments of
tbe public service, ana revises and certifies tbe
balances arising thereon.
Office of Commissioner of Cuitomt. Samuel
Ingham, Esq., Commissioner, and eleven Clerks.
He prescribes the mode of keeping and rendering
the accounts of the customs, revenue, and dis
bursements, and for tbe building and repairing
custom-houses, Ac, and revises and certifies the
balances arising thereon.
iirsj Auditor' i Office Thomas L. Smith, Esq.,
First Auditor, and nineteen Clerks. He receives
and adjusts the accounts of the customs revenue
and disbursements, appropriations and expend
itures on account ot the civil list, and under
private acts of Congress, and reports the balances
to the Commissioner of the Customs and the
First Comptroller, respectively, for tbelr decision
Second Auditor1! Office. Thomas J. D. Fuller,
Second Auditor, and twenty-one Clerks. He re
ceives and adjusts all accounts relating to the
pay, clothing, and recruiting of the army, as well
as armories, arsenals, and ordnance, and all ac
counts relating to the Indian department, and
reports the balances to the Second Comptroller,
for bis decision thereon.
Third Auditor'i Office. Robert J. Atkinson,
Esq., Third Auditor, and seventy-eight Clerks.
He receives and adjusts all accounts for subsist
ence of the army, fortifications, Military Acad
emy, military roads, and the Quartermaster's de
partment, as well as for pensions, claims arising
from military services previous to 1816, and for
ho ses and otber property lost in the military
service, under various acts of Congress, and re
ports the balances to the Second Comptroller, for
his decision thereon.
Fourth Auditor's Office. A. J. O'Bannon, Esq.,
Fourth Auditor, and aixteen Clerks. He receives
and adjusts all accounts for the service of tbe
Navy Department, and reports tbe balances to
the Second Comptroller, for bis decision thereon.
Ffth Auditor'i Office. Bartholomew Fuller,
Esq., Fifth Auditor, and six Clerks. He re
ceives and adjusts all accounts for diplomatic
and similar services performed under the direc
tion of the State Department, and reports the
balances to the First Comptroller, for bis decision
Sizth Auditor'i Office. Or. Thomas M. Tate,
Auditor of the Treasury for the Post Office De
partment, and one hundred and fourteen Clerks,
lie receives and adjusts all accounts arising from
the service of the Post Office Department His
decisions are final, unless an appeal be taken In
twelve months to the First Comptroller. He
superintends the collection of all debts due the
Post Office Department, and all penalties and
forfeitures Imposed on postmasters and mall con
tractors for tailing to do their duty ; he directs
suits nnd legal proceedings, civil and criminal,
and takes all such measures as may be author
ized by law to enforce the prompt payment of
moneys due to the Department; instructing Uni
ted States attorneys, marshals, and clerks, on all
matters relating thereto; and receives returns
from each term of the United States courts, of tbe
condition and progress of such suits and legal
proceedings; bos charge of all lands and other
property assigned to the United States in pay
ment oi aeuts aue me rosi uuice uepartment,
and has power to sell and dispose of the same
for the benefit of the United Slates.
Treasurer1! Office. Samuel Casey, Esq., Treas
urer, and thirteen Clerks. He receives and keeps
tbe moneys of the United States In his own
office, and that of the depositories created by the
act ot the 6th of August, 1B4G, and pays out tbe
same upon warrants drawn by the Secretary of
the Treasury, countersigned by the First Comp
troller, and upon warrants drawn by the Post
master General, and countersigned by the Sixth
Auditor, and recorded by the Iteglster. He also
holds public moneys advanced by warrant to
disbursing officers, and pays out the same upon
Register1! OjK. Finley Bigger, Esq., Register,
and twenty-nine Clerks. He keeps tbe accounts
of public receipts and expenditures ; receives
the returns and makes out the official statement
of commerce and navigation of the United States ;
and receives from the First Comptroller and
Commissioner of Customs all accounts and
voucher! decided bj them, sjnd Is charged by
law with their safe keeping. '
Solicitor' 'sOffice. Hon. Junius Hilly er, Solicitor,
and six Clerks. He superintends all civil suits
commenced bj the United States, (except thosi
arising in the Post Office Department,) and Instructs
the United States attorneys) marshals, and
clerks, in all matters relating to them and their
results. He receives returns from each term of
the Untied States courts, showing the progress
and condition of such suits : has charge oi all
lands and other property asalfned to the United
States In pajment of debts, (except those assigned
in payment of dell! due the Post Office Department,)
and has power to sell and dispose of the same
for the benefit of the United Stites.
Liyht-Houte Board. Hon. Howell Cobb, Sec
retary of the Treasury, ez-offieit President; Com.
W. B. Shubrlck, United States Navy, Chairman ;
Commander E. O. Tilton, United States Navy;
Major A. II. Bowman, Corps ( Engineers, Uni
ted States Army ; Capt A. A. Humphreys, Corps
Topographical Engineers, United States Army ;
Prof, Joseph Henry, Secretary of the Smith
sonian Institution; Prof. A. D. Bache, Super
intendent of the Coast Survey I Commander Ra
phael Semmes, United States Navy, and Captain
W. F. Smltb, Corps Topographical Engineers,
United States Army, members, the last two being
also Secretaries ; and five Clerks. This board
directs the building and repairing of light
houses, light-vessels, beacons, and buoys, con
tracts for supplies, and governs the personnel of
United States Coast Survey. Professor A. D.
Bache, LL. D., Superintendent, and Superintends
ent of Weights and Measures.
Capt William R. Palmer, Corps Topographical
Engineers, United States Army, In charge of the
Coast Survey Office;, Lieut A. P. Bill, United
States Army, Assistant
Assistant W. P. Trowbridge, computer of
Assistant Chat. A. Scbolt, in charge of com
Assistant L. F. Pourtales, in charge of tidal
Lieut Thomas Wilson, United States Army,
In charge of drawing division.
Mr. Edward Wharton, acting in charge of en
Lieut John R. Smead, United States Army, In
charge of miscellaneous divisions.
Samuel Heln, Disbursing Agent.
George Mathiot, Electrotyplst
Joseph Saxton, Assistant to Superintendent of
Weights and Measures.
POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT.
Hon. Joseph Holt, Postmaster General. The
direction and management of the Post Office De
partment are assigned by the Constitution and
laws to the Postmaster General. That Its busi
ness may be the more conveniently arranged and
prepared for his final action, it is distributed
among several bureaus, as follows : Tbe Ap
pointment Office, In charge of tbe First Assistant
Postmaster General; the Contract Office, In
charge of the Second Assistant Postmaster Gen
eral ; the Finance Office, in chargo of the Third
Assistant Postmaster General; and the Inspec
tion Office, In charge of tbe Chief Clerk.
Appointment Office. Horatio King, Esq., First
Assistant Postmaster General, and nineteen
Clerks. To tbls office are assigned all questions
which relate to the establishment and discon
tinuance of post offices, changes of sites and
names, appointment and removal of postmasters
and route and local agents, as also the giving
of instructions to postmasters. Postmasters are
furnished with marking and rating stamps and
letter balances by this bureau, which is charged
also with providing blanks and stationery for
tbe use of tbe Department, aid with the superin
tendence of the several oeeacies established tot
supplying postmasters . with blanks. To this
bureau is likewise assigned tbe supervision of
the ocean mail steamship linti.anAit 'Jut'ivin
ana international postal arrangements.
Contrail Office. William1 H. Dundas, Esq;
Second Assistant Postmaster General, nnd twenty-six
clerks. To tbls office Is assigned tbe
business of arranging the mall service of tbe
United States, and placing the same nnder con
tract, embracing all correspondence and proceed
ings respecting tbe frequency of trips, mode of
conveyance, and times of departures and arri
vals on all the routes ; the course of the mall
between tbe different sections of (he country,
the points of mall distribution, and the regula
tions for the government of the domestlo mail
service of the United States. It prepares the
advertisements for mail proposals, receives tbe
bids, and takes charge of the annual and occa
sional mall lettlngs, and the adjustment and exe
cution of the contracts. All applications for
the establishment or alteration of mall arrange
ments, and the appointment of Mall Messengers,
should be sent to this office. All claims should
be submitted to It for transportation service not
under contract, as tbe recognition of said service
is first to be obtained through the Contract
Office, as a necessary authority for the proper
credits at the Auditor's Office. From this office
all postmasters at tbe ends of routes receive the
statement of mall arrangements prescribed for
the respective routes. It reports weekly to tbe
Auditor all contracts executed, and all orders
affecting accounts for mall transportation ; pre
pares tbe statistical exhibits of the mall service,
and the reports of the mall lettlngs, giving a
statement of each bid ; also, of the contracts
made, the new service originated, the curtail
ments ordered, and tbe additional allowances
granted within tbe year.
Finance Office. A.. N. Zevely, Esq., Third As
sistant Postmaster General, and twenty-one
clerks. To this office are assigned the supervis
ion and management of the financial business
of the Department, not devolved by law upon
the Auditor, embracing accounts with the draft
offices and otber depositaries of the Department,
the issuing of warrants and drafts in payment
of balances reported by the Auditor to be due to
mall contractors and other persons, tbe supervis
ion of tho accounts of ofTleea under nritAm to
deposit their quarterly balances at deslgna'ed I
points, ana tue superintendence or tbe rendition
by postmasters of their quarterly returns of
postages. It has charge of the Dead-Letter
Office, of tbe issuing of postage stamps and
stamped envelopes for tho pre-payment of post
age, and of the accounts connected therewith.
To the Third Assistant Postmaster General all
postmasters should direct their quarterly returns
of postage ; those at draft offices, their letters
reporting quarterly the net proceeds of their
offices ; and those at depositing offices, their cer
tificates of deposit ; to blm should also be di
rected the weekly and monthly returns of the
depositaries of the Department, as well as all
applications and receipts for postage stamps and
stamped envelopes, and for dead letters.
Infection Office, Benj. N. Clements, Esq.,
Chief Clerk, and seventeen clerks. To this office
is assigned the duty of receiving and examining
the registers of the arrivals and departures of
tbe mails, certificites of the service of routo
agents, and reports of mail failures ; of noting
the delinquencies of contractors, and preparing
cases thereon for the action of the Postmaster
Ueneral; furnishing blanks for mail registers,
and reports of mall failures; providing and
sending out mall bags and mail locks and keys,
and doing all other things which may be neces
sary to secure a faithful and exact performance
of all mail contracts.
All cases of mall depredation, of violation of
law by private expresses, or ny me torging or
Illegal use of postage stamps, are under tbe su
pervision of tbls office, and should be reported
All communications respecting lost money.
letters, mall depredations, or other violations ef
law, or mail locus ana Kejs, snouia ne uirecteu,
"Chief Clerk, Post Office Department."
All registers of tbe arrivals and departures of
the malls, certificates' f the service of route
agents, reports of mall JWrafet, applications for
blank registers, and reports of failures, and all
complaints against contractors- for irregular or
Imperfect service,should be directed, " Inspection
Office, Post Office Department"
The Navy Department consists of the Havy
Department proper, being the office of the Sec
retary and of five bureaus attached thereto, viz:
Bureau of Navy t Tards ' and Docks, Bureau of
Construction, Equipment, and Repair. Bureau of
Provisions and Clothing,, Bureau of Ordnance
and Hydrography, and lbs floreau of Medicine
and Surgery. rt '
The following It 'a statement of the duties or
each of then offices, Whd of the force employed
Secretary'i Offiee-Tlon. Isaac Touccy, Secre
te of tbe Nivy; Charles W, Welsh, Esq.,
Chief Clerk, and eleven Clerks'. The Secretary
of the Navy has charge of everything connected
with the naval estslllshment, and the execution
of all laws relating thereto It 'Intrusted to him,
undT the general diictlori 6f 'the President of
the United States, who, y this Constitution, ll
Commander-in-chief of the Army and Navy,
All Instructions to commanders of squadrons
and commanders of vessel), all orders of officers,
commissions of officers! loth .In the navy and
marine corps, appointments of commissioned
and warrant officers, orders for the enlistment
and discharge of seamen, emanate from the Sec
retary's Office. AH the duties of, the different
bureaus are performed under the authority of
the Secretory, and their orders are considered
as emanating from him. Tbe general auperln
tendence of.the'marlne corps forms also apart
of the duties of Ihe Secretary, and all the orders '
of the commandant of that corps 'should be ap
proved by, him.
Bureau ofjfavy Yards and Docks. Commo
dore Joseph Smith, Chief of the Bateau, four
Olerki,oneClvllEoglneer,and one Draughtsman.
All the navy yards, docks, and wharves, build
ings and machinery In navy yards, and every
thing Immediately connected with them, are
under the superintendence of this bureau. If It
also charged with the management of the Naval
Bureau of Construction, Equipment, and Re
pair. John Lenthall, Esq., Chief of the Bureau,
eight Clerks, and one Draughtsman. The office
of the Englneer-tn-chlef of the Navy, Samuel
Archbold, Esq., Is attached to this bureau, who
Is assisted by three assistant engineers. This
bureau has charge of the building and repairs of
all vessels of war, purchase of materials, and the
providing of all vessels with their equipments,
as sails, anchors, water tanks, Ac Tbe Engl-neer-in-chief
superintends the construction of
all marine steam engine for the navy, and, with
the approval of the Secretary, decides upon plant
for their construction.
Bureau of Prorisions and Clothing. H. Bridgo,
Purser United States Nary, Chief of Bureau, and
four Clerks. All provisions for the use of the
navy, and clothing, together with the making of
contracts for furnishing the same, come under
tbe charge of this bureau.
Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography. Capt.
Duncan Ingraham, Chief of Bureau, four Clerks,
aud one Draughtsman. This bureau has charge
of all ordnance and ordnance stores, the manu
facture or purchase of cannon, guns, powder,
shot, shells, Ac, and the equipment of vessels
of war, with everything connected therewith. It
also provides them with maps, charts, chronom
eters, barometers, Ac, together with such books
as are furnished ships of war. "The United
States Naval Observatory and Hydrographical
Office" at Washington, and the Naval Academy
at Annapolis, are also under tbe general super
intendence of the Chief of this Bureau.
Bureau bf Uedietne' and 'Surety. Dr. William
Whtlan. Surueon United States Navy. Chief of
rxtrteau ; oa Passed Assistant Burgeon United
atttet Navy, ana two Ulerxt. Everything rela
tlnr to medicines and medical stores, treatment
of sick anfc wounded, and management of hos
pital, corset wlthlrl the superintendence of this
Hon. J. B. Flojd, Secretary of War, W. R.
DrlnkardOhief Clerk, seven Clerks, two Mes
sengers, aid one Laborer. The following bu
reaus are ittached to this Department
Commatding QeneraVs Office. This office, at
the head if which Is Lieutenant General Scott,
is at NewYork.
Adjutant General! Office. Col. Samuel Coop
er, Adjutait General. Assistants Major E. D.
Townsend Major W. A. Nichols, Capt. 8. Wil
liams, and Capt. J. P. Qarosche; Judge Advo
cate, Mrjtr John F, Lee ; ten Clerks and one
Messenger In this office are kept all tbe records
which rear to the personnel of the army, the
rolls, Ac, It Is here that all military commis
sions are riade ont.
Quartcruaster QeneraVi Office. Brevet Major
General I, S. Jesnp, Quartermaster General.
Assistants Major E. 8. Sibley, Brevet Major II.
O. Wayneiand Brevet Major J. Belger; eleven
Clerks and one Messenger.
Paymaster Qenerali Office. Col. B. F. Lamed,
Paymastei General, Lieut Col. T. P. Andrews,
District PivrrJaster ; seven Clerks and one Mes
senger. Commissary General! Office. General George
Gibson, Onnmissary General ; Assistant, Capt
A. E. Shims ; six Clerks and one Messenger,
Surgeon QeneraVe Office. Gen. Thomas Law
son, Surgeon General ; Assistant, Dr. R. O. Wood ;
three Clerks and one Messenger.
Engineer Office. Gen. Joseph G. Totten, Chief
Engineer ; Assistant, Captain II. G. Wright; five
Clerks and one Messenger.
Topographical Bureau, Col. J. J. Abert, Colo
nel of the Corps ; Assistant, Capt. J. 0. Wood
ruff; five Clerks and one Messenger.
Ordnance Bureau. Col. H. K. Craig, Colonel
oi urdnance ; Assistant, Uapt. William Uayna
dler ; eight Clerks and one Messenger.
FOB COUGHS, COLDS, &c.
AYER'S CnERllY' PECTORAL.
Tyler's Syrup Gum Arabic,
Brown's Bronchial Troches.
WistaHs Cough Lozenges.
Wlstar's Balsam Wild Cherry.
Swayne's Syrup Wild Cherry.
Bryant's Pulmonic Wafers.
For sale by CHARLES STOTT,
No. 375 Pennsylvania avenue,
nov 20 tawlm
AMERICAN AND ENGLISH PICKLES,
C BOW CHOW, Ami,.n
CHOW, I ,
PIUCOMLLY, r English.
White and Brown ONIONS, J
Worcestershire Sauce, Soyer's 8ultana, Read
ing, Harvey, and Anchovy SAUCES.
For sale by J E $8E B. WILSON,
327 Pa. av., between 81xth and Seventh
nov 20 streets, south side. (
T. II. 8PEIR,
Formerly with Richard Davis,
PIANO TUHEE AND EEPAIEEE.
Orders left at U. II. Rldenour's, (Confectioner,)
304 Pennsylvania avenue, will meet with prompt
attention. nov 20 lw