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title: 'The national Republican. (Washington, D.C.) 1860-1862, December 05, 1860, Image 4',
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IWI 1 IL,
' i 'iii.
At te session of the Presbyterian Synod of
South Carolina, on the 29th nllimo, Rot. W. B.
Yates offered a aeries of resolutions declaring
thai' "fidelity to the South" demanded a sepa
ration from the Northern portion of the Church)
recommending mil Presbyteries connected with
the Synod to take steps to dissolve their con
nection with the General Assembly ; appointing
a committee to correspond with other 8ynods,
with a view to forming a Sonthern General As
sembly ( and avowing " fraternal feelings fur all
those brethren who hare stood up firmly fur the
South." The resolutions were laid on the tablo
by a vote of.T7 to 21.
Correspondence of the National Republican.
Philadelphia, Dee. 2, I860.
Messrs. Editors s I received several copies
of your neatly-printed, ably-condu ted sheet, for
which please accept my sincere thanks, with the
assurauce that the best wishes of the Republicans-
of Philadelphia accompany you in your
new enterprise in the field of Republican dully
journalism in the Federal Metropolis.
The city has been anything but lively for the
past, few days, owing to the disagreeable state
of the' weather. The usual crowds which, on
fine days, are wont to throng our fashionable
thoroughfares, .have disappeared. Even the
neighborhood of Sixth and Chestnut streets
lhat famous crnising-gVound of the politicians
and office seekers-yesterday presented quite a
deserted, lonesome appearance ; and the Uira'rd
and,Continental hotels those fashionsble re
sorts for the nothing-to-do portion of our com
munity had fewer loungers in their spacious
apartments than usual. Politics, for the time,
has given way to anthracite fires, and to mud
and rain crinoline unwillingly surrenders the
The trial of Thomas J. Armstrong, for the
murder of an old and inoffensive man, named
Robert Crawford, a weaver by trade, some
months since, will commence on Monday the 3d
instant. Messrs. William M. Bull and ex Judge
Kelley, Congressman elect from the third dis
trict, nave been retained for the defence, and
far several days put have been examining wit
nesses who will be called upon to establish Arm
strong's innocence. The circumstantial evi
dence against the accused, however, is very
-etrong. The trial, which will probably occupy
several days, excites great interest.
The number of building permits issned for
the month of November was 135, of which 118
were fur dwellings 37 two story, and 82 three
story 4 factories, 2 workshops, 2 offices, 1
slauehter-house. 6 stables: a decrease, com
pared to the number issued in the month of
October, but large tor his season ot the year.
The number of vessels, foreign and coast
wise, that arrived at this port during the last
month was 3,718, a decrease, compared with
November, 1859, of C54 vessels.
The amount of coal transoorted over the Phil
adelphia and Reading railroad for the week was
35,522 tons; by Schuylkill Navigation Compa
nyv?6,272. Total, 01,795 tons.
The several city officers, elected in October
last, entered upon the discharge nf their duties
on Saturday. They are P. S White, Prothon
otary of the District Court; George H. Moore,
Clerk of the Quarter Sessions ; and Alfred C.
Harmer, Recorder of Deeds.
All the cotton factories at Manaynnk, with
the exception of two, are to be closed at sun
down. There is to be no reduction of wages,
as was at first proposed.
A quarrel, on Thanksgiving night, between
two men named Carroll and Biget, resulted in
the latter being shot in the arm, causing a ser
vers wound. Carroll was arrested.
The countinz-house of Mr. Ellis, Tenth and
Oxford streets, yesterday night, was broken in
to and robbed of various articles. Arrests of
two suspected parties were made by the police of
20th ward, ana were held to answer the charge
by Alderman Wright
Colbert & Co., proprietors of a gift establish
ment in Fourth street below Chestnut, were
hauled up before Alderman Bcitler yesterday,
on the charge of conspiring to defraud Henry
Boyer, a gentleman residing in the rural dis
tricts of Pennsylvania. Boyer testified that
seeing the advertisement of Colbert &. Co. in
a Pottsville paper, stating that agents were
wanted for the sale of a " superior gold pen,"
concluded to become agent for the concern,
and accordingly forwarded the amount for one
box of the pens. He recieved the pens and
disposed of th m. Thinking it a very profita
ble business, he sent for a second lot, enclosing
in his letter $18. in return bo received one
hundred boxes of the " superior gold pens,"
thongh not equal to the sample box; and the
certificate accompanying the last invoice con
taining orders for jewelry alone the certificates
that accompanied the first lot containing orders
for pianos, gold watches, and every variety of
jewelry. ir. ioyer, not satisueu wim tne
change, came here and lodged complaint at the
Mayor's office against Colbert & Co. The
Mayor dispatched officer Franklin to the store
of the accused parties, who took into his keep
ing the books, papers, and letters of the con
cern. One of the bill books, which contained
a large number of bills for jewelry purchased
by -the accused, was produced. Carbuncle sets
were marked at $9 the dozen, bracelets from
47 to $10 per dozen, and gold chains nt $10 per
dozen. A ieweller. who was called in to testify
as to the value df the property aiezed, gave it as
nu opinion, tnat tne sets were worm aoout uuy
cents each. Colbert & Co. were held to an
swer the charge. u.
. "biftiinEniA. Dr. T. II. Smith, in the Brit
ish Medical Journal, states that there are three
forms in which diphtheria presents itself, viz :
simple ash colored diphtheria membrane in
notches, with verv slight congestion of the sur
rounding parts, and without factor ; second, a
deeper color ana more wsseiy-spreaa memura
nous exudation, with fuctid breath, and intense
engorgement of dark hue ; thirdly, the mem
brane with much tonsititis, in a few cases re-
sulting.in quinsy ; a fourth and moro formid
able state of things to contend with is an ex
tension of the membrane, in either of the pre
ceding cases, to the Iarvnx and trachea. With
reference to the more genera symptoms, the
nrnminent fenture is deprcsssion oi the vital
powers. The pulse is not always quick, but
when eo, is that of an irritable circulation.
More frequently the pulse is slow, waving, and
verv compressible i the skin readily cools
Jra-u when a hand is exposed out of bed
is moist and soft, almost clammy to the feel.
Where fevor has been observed, it is of a re
mittent or' intermittent type. Somo cases aro
n.h.nwl in with aliVht diarrhea, with discharge
of blood. JDbili(y xeinatos JVa marked degree,
even in milder, cases, after the local symptoms
GxuiBiLUi'a Entrance ihto Naples. A
Turin icorre'spoudent says of Garibaldi's en
trance into Naples: "An eye-witness, who on
'that day ,(SepL7) rode at the side of Garibaldi,
Yold'me yesterday that, nothing could be more
"thrilling than that scene. The people, mud
with delight, shouted, rwtxu.to Garibaldi as ho
Brtopod through :th.BtreeU straight to the
palace, well aware that the enemy was at a few
NATIONAL REPUBLICAN ASSOCIA
B. B. French, President.
J. J. Coombs, First Vico President.
Martin Buell, Second Vice President.
Lewis Clephane, Secretary.
Woodford Stone, Treasurer.
John Hinoe.G. H. Plant, Job W. Angus, J.
F. Hodgson, James Xynch, G R. Wilson,
and Henry M. Knight, Executive Committee.
Meets at the Wigwam, corner of Indiana
avenue and Second street, every Thursday
evening. . )
RrJp'tJBLICAN'i ASSOCIATION OF. THE
J. Ji Codmba, President?. .,
G. A. Ua.1l, Firft Vico PrAidJnt,
A. Duvalt,-Second Vice President.
J. C, Clary, Secretary. "
Martin Buell, Treasurer.
GERMAN REPUBLICAN ASSOcfAlloN.
W. Krzyza3owsU,-iesjdent. .
Dr. Brieglel, First VIceTresiaenC - -
G. Dills, Second Vice President.
Joseph Gerhard, Secretary.
John Lercb, Treasurer.
Meets at Gerhard's Germania, every Tues
day night, at eight o'clock.
REPUBLICAN ASSOCIATION OF
FIFTH AND 8IXTH WARDS.
S. A. McKim, President
George A. Bassett, First Vice President.
George R. Ruff, Second Vice President
Charles Sleigh, Recording Secretary.
J. L. Henshaw, Corresponding Secretary.
William Dixon, Financial Secretary.
John Grinder, Treasurer.
Meets every Tuesday evening, at Odd Fel
lows' Hall, Navy Yard.
REPUBLICAN ASSOCIATION OF
Theodore Wheeler, President
Edward Lycctt, First Vice President
A. Edson, S cond Vice President.
William J. Murtagh, Secretary.
William Hendley, Treasurer.
J. R. Elvans, J. Dillon, G. W. Garrett Wil
liam Martin, G. H. Larcombe, and G. B. Clark,
Meets at Island Hall, third story,) corner
of Virginia avenue and Sixth street, every
Wednesday evening, at half past seven o'clock.
GEORGETOWN REPUBLICAN ASSOCI
John S. Paxton, President
W. W. McNeir, First Vice President
J. W. Deeble, Second Vice President
II. G. Divine, Cor. and Rec. Secretary.
Jesse Chick, Treasurer.
WIDE-AWAKES OF THE DISTRICT OF
Lewis Clephane, President
George U. Plant, Vice President
A. C. Richards, Secretary.
Henry M. Knight, Captain.
M. 8mith, First Lieutenant
11, M. Downer, Second Lieutenant
Meets at the Wigwam every Monday even
ing. LADD, WEBSTER, A CO.'S
IMPEOVED TIGHT-STITCH SEWING
A fao of the many reasons why these Sewing
Machines are preferred above all others.
1. Tbey are remarkably simple in their con
struction. A child can operate them, and
understand the mechanism.
2. Tbey are the strongest Sewing Machine
made. It is almost impossible to break or get
them out of order.
3. Tbey are sure In their operation ; finishing
the work In a uniformly perfect manner.
4. Tbey make a tight lock-stitch, alike on both
tides of the work, which cannot be unravelled.
5. They, ttitch, hem, lind, fell, run, and father,
6. They sew equally well the lightest and the
7. They sew over the heaviest seams without
changing the tension or breaking the finest
B. They use any No. of Cotton, Thread, or
Silk, directly from the spool.
0. They use a straight needle; curved ones
are liable to break.
10. The needle has a perpendicular motion.
This Is absolutely necessary for heavy work.
11. They have a wheel feed ; none others are
in constant contact with the work.
12. They run easily and almost noiseless.
U. Tbey are not liable to oil the dress of the
14. They do not require a screw-driver to set
15. Tbey do not have to be taken apart to oil
1C. Thev do not form ridges on the under side
of the work, nor ravel out, nor are tbey waste
ful of thread, as is the case with all chain-stitch
17. Tbey are capable of doing a greater range
of work, and In a more perfect manner, than apy
other Sewing Machine, as is proved by the result
of our challenge for a trial, which has never been
LADD, WEBSTER, & CO,
348 Pennsylvania avenue,
nov 20 Janney's Store.
BEN. F. FRENCH.
W. F. RICHSTEIN.
FRENCH k RICHSTEIN,
(Successors to William F. Bayly,)
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS
Ik Books, Stationery, and Periodicals.
jV'o. 278 Pennsylvania avenue,
Washington, D. 0.
Wedding and Visiting Cards neatly Engraved
Paper and Envelopes Stamped with Jnltlals
without extra charge.
Subscriptions received for all tho
WEEKLY PAPERS AND MAGAZINES!
Also, Kew York Herald, Times, and Tribune.
Call and examine our Stock. All bound books
told from ten to fifty per cent, lets than the
Any books not on band, ordered with dispatch
from London, Paris, New York, Boston, and Phil
adelphia, nov ae-3t
iRooms to Let, with or without Board.
APPLY to Mn. IIAItUIS, 483 Tenth, between
V and K streets, who has one very fine par
lor and chamber.
Also, several small rooms, unarges mouer-
Organixation of'tfie Departments.
The whole machinery employed to conduct the
business arising out of cur foreign relations with
all the Powers of the world Is far more simple
than Is generally conceived. .The, number em-
Stayed In the Department of State of tho Ueilad
tates Is only twenty-elghi,'as follows : One Sec
retary of Bute, (Bon. Lewis Oals,) ,one Assistant
Secretary of State, (Bon. John Appletbu,) one
Chief Clerk, one Superintendent of 8UUsl!cs.
twenty-two Clerks, one Translatoradd oee Li
brarian. Diplomatic Branch. This branch ot the Stale
Department has charge of all correspondence
between the Deputment and other diplomatic
agents of the Unites States abroad, and those of
foreign Powers accredited to this Government
In it all diplomatic instructions sent Irom.tbe
Department, and communications to commission
ers under treaties of boundaries, Ac, are pre
pared, copied, and recorded; and altof like char
acter received are registered and filed, their con
tents being first entered in an analytic table or
Consular Branch. This branch has charge of
the correspondence, Ac, between the Department
and the coniiilt and commercial agents of the
United States. In it Instructions to i oie officers,
and answers to their dispatches and to Utters
from other persons asking for consular agency,
or relating to consular affairs, are prepared and
The Disbursing Agent. Ut has charge of all
correspondence and other matters connected wtyh
accounts relating to any fund wlib the disburse
ment of which the Department Is charged.
The Translator. nis duties are to furnish such
translations as the Department may require. He
also. records the commissions of consuls and vice
consult, when not In English, upon which exe
quaturs are Issued.
Clerk of Appointments and Commissions. He
makes out and records commissions, letters of
appointment, and nominations to the Senate;
makes out and records exequaturs, and records,
when In English, the commissions on which they
are Issued. Has charge of the library.
Clerk of the Rolls and Archives. -He takes charge
of the rolls, or enrolled acta snd resolutions of
Congress, as they are received at the Department
from the President; prepares the authenticated
.copies thereof which a-e called for; prepares for,
and superintends their publication, and that of
treaties, In the newspapers and In book form ;
attends to their distribution throughout the
United States, and that of all documents and pub
lications In regard to which this duty Is assigned
to the department; writing and answering all
letters connected therewith. Has charge of all
Indian treaties, and business relating thereto.
Clerk of Territorial Business The Seal of the
Department, j& He has charge of the seals of
the United States and of the Department, and
prepares and attscbes certificates to papers pre
sented for authentication ; has charge of the Ter
ritorial business; immigration and registered sea
men ; records all letters .from the Department,
other than the diplomatic and consular.
Clerk of Pardons and Passports He prepares
and records pardons and remissions ; and regis
ters and files the petitions and papers on which
they are founded. Makes out and records pais
norta : ksens a dallv register of all letters, Other
than diplomatic and consular, received, and of
me disposition maue oi mem ; prepares letters
relating to this business.
Superintendent of Statistics. lie superintends
the preparation of the " Annnal Report of the
Secretary of State and Foreign Commerce," as
required by the acts of 1842 and 1856.
' ATTORNEY GENERAL'S OFFICE.
lion. Jeremiah S. Black, Attorney General of
the United States ; A. B. McCalmont, Esq., Assist
ant The ordinary business of this office may be
classified under the following beads :
1. Official opinions on the current business of
the Government, as called lor by tne President,
by any head of Department, or by the Solicitor
of the Treasury.
2. Examination of the titles of all land pur
chased, as the sites of arsenals, custom-houses,
light-houses, and all other public works of the
3. Applications for pardons In all cases of con
viction In the courts of the United States.
4. Applications for appointment In all the Ju
dicial and legal business of the Government
0. The conduct and argument of all suits In
the Supreme Court of the United States In which
the Government is concerned.
6. The supervision of all other suits arising In
any of the Departments, when referred by the
head thereof to the Attorney General.
To these ordinary heads of the business of the
office is added at the present time the direction
of all appeals on land claims In California.
Secretary of the Department of the Interior,
UonaJacob Thompson, of the State of Missis
sippi. Its clerical force consists of one Chief
Clerk, (Moses Kelly, Esq ,)two Disbursing Clerks,
and ten other regular Clerks ; and to its super
vision and management are committed the fol
lowing branches of the public service:
lt The Public Lands. The chief of this tu
resu is called the Commissioner of the General
Land Office. The Land Bureau is charged wilb
the survey, management, and salo of the public
domain, and the Issuing of titles therefor, whether
derived from confirmations of grants made br
former Governments, by tales, donations, of
granls ror schools, military bounties, or public
improvement!, and likewise the revision of Vir
ginia military bounty-land claims, and the Issu
ing of scrip In lieu thereof. The Land Office,
also, audits Its own accounts. The present Com
missioner is Joseph S. Wilton. Its rrlnciisl
officers are a Recorder, Chief Clerk, who also
acta as Commissioner ad interim, Principal Clerk
of Surveys, betidet a Draughtsman, Asiit'aht
Draughtsman, ana somo isu uierxs oi various
2d. Tensions. The present head of-this bureau
is George O. Whiting, or Virginia. The Com
missioner Is cbarsed with the examination and
adjudication of all claims arising under the va
rious ana numerous laws passes oy uongress
granting bounty land or pensions for the mili
tary or naval services in the revolutionary and
subsequent wars in which the United States have
been engaged. He bas one Chief Clerk, (John
Robb, Esq.,) and a permanent corps, consisting
of tome teventy other Clerks.
3d. Indians. Commissioner of Indian Affairs,
A. D. Greenwood, of Arkansas. He Is provided
with a Chief Clerk, and about fifteen other sub
4th. Patent Office. Hon. Philip F. Thomas, of
Maryland, Commissioner of Patents. To this
bureau is committed the execution and perform
ance of all " a Ms and things touching and re
specting the granting and issuing of pa ents for
new and useful discoveries, inventions, and im
provements;" the collection of stitlslics rela
ting to agriculture; the collection and distribu
tion of seeds, plants, and cuttings. It has a
Chief Clerk who Is by law the acting Commis
sioner of Patents In the absence of the Commis
sioner twelve principal and twelve assistant
Examiners ot 1'atents, some uozen subordinate
permanent Clerks, besides a considi rable num
ber of temporary employees. Samuel T. Shu
gert, Esq., Chief Clerk.
An act passed at the last session of Congress
provided that all books, maps, charts, and other
publication!, heretofore deposited la the De
partment of State, according to the laws regula
ting copyrights, should be removed to lbs De
partment of the Interior, which Is charged with
all the duties connected with matters pertaining
to copyright ; which duties have been assigned
by the Secretary of the Interior to the Patent Of-
flee, as belonging most appropriately to this
branch of the service.
Besld s these four principal branches of this
new Executive Department, the organic act of
1849 transferred to It from the Treasury Depart
ment the supervision of the accounts of thi Uni
ted States Marshals a'd Attbrneys, and the
Clerks of the United States Courts, the manage
ment of the lead and other mines of tlie United
States, at d the affairs of the penitentiary of the
United States in the District of Columbia and
from the Stale Department tne duty of taking'
and returning the censuses of the Unl ed Slates,
and of supervising anddlrectlng the acts of the
Commissioner of Public Buildings. The Hospi
tal for the Insane of the, army, and navy and of
the District of Columbia Is alto under the man
agement of this Department; In addition to
which, by laws recently passed, the Secretary of
the Interior is charged with the construction of
(he three wagon loads leading to the Paclfio
Under aft of February 5, 1BS9, "providing for
keeping and distributing all public documents',
all the bookt, document!, Ac, printed 'or pur
chased by the Government," the Annals of Con
great, American State Papers, American Ar
chives, Jefferson's and Adams's Works, are
transferred to this Department from the btite
Department, Library of Congress, and elsewhere ;
also, the Journals and Documents of the Thirty
fifth Congress. These valuable vorks are dis
tributed to those who are by law entitled to re
ceive them, and to such " colleges, public llbri
ries, athenaums, literary and scientific Institu
tions, boards of trade, or public associations,"
as shall be designated by the members of Con
gress. The Department require! an additional build
ing for Its acc6mmodallon, and the erection of
one has been repeatedly recommended during
the last few years for that purpose. At present,
the Pension Office Is provided with rooms in what
is known as " Winder's Building," while the
other branches of the Department, including the
Secretary's office, are all crowded into the Patent
Office building, the whole of which will be re
quired at an early day for the use of tho Patent
Office, for which it was originally Intended.
The Treasury Department consists of the offi
ces of the Secretary of the Treasury,. two Comp
trollers, Commissioner of the Customs, six Au
ditors, Treasurer, Register, Solicitor, Light-house
Hoard, and Coast Surrey.
The following is a brief indication of the duties
of these several offices, and of the force employed
therein, respectively :
Secretary's Office. Hon. Howell Cobb, Secre
tary of the Treasury; Hon. Philip Clayton, Assist
ant Secretary; one Engineer In Charge; one
Architect, and three Draughtsmen temporarily
employed, and twenty-three Clerks. The Secre
tary of the Treasury It charged with the general
supervision of the fiscal transactions of the Gov
ernment, and of the execution of the laws con
cerning the commerce and navigation of the
United States. He superintends the survey of
the coast, tne l'ght-nouse establishment, the ma
rine hospitals ol the United States, and the con
struction of certain publlo buildings for custom
house! and other purposes.
JV Comptroller's Office. lion. William Me
dlll, Comptroller, and fifteen Clerks, He pre
scribes the mode of keeping and rendering ac
counts for the civil and diplomatic service, as
well at tbe public lands, and revises and certifies
the balances arising thereon.
Second Comptroller's Office. J. M. Cults, Etq.,
Comptroller, and seventeen Clerks. He prescribes
the mode of keeping and rendering tbe accounts
of the Army, Navy, and Indian departments of
tbe public service, and reviles and certifies the
balances arising thereon.
Office of Commissioner of Customs. Samuel
Ingham, Esq., Commissioner, and eleven Clerks.
He prescribes the mode of keeping and rendering
the accounts of the customs, revenue, and dis
bursements, and for the building and, repairing
custom-bouses, Ac, and revises and certifies tbe
balances arising thereon.
First Auditor's Office. Thomas L. Smith, Esq.,
First Auditor, and nineteen Clerks. He receives
and adjusts the accounts of the customs revenue
and disbursements, appropriations and expend
itures on account of the civil list, and under
private acts of Congress, and reports the balances
to the Commissioner Of the Customs and the
First Comptroller, respectively, for their decision
Second Auditor's Office. Thomas J. D. Fuller,
Second Auditor, and twenly-one Clerks. He re
ceives and adjusts all accounts relating to tbe
pay, clothing, and recruiting of the army, as well
as armories, arsenals, and ordnance, and all ac
counts relating to the Indian department, and
reports the balances to the Second Comptroller,
for his decision thereon.
Third Auditor's Office Robert J. Atkinson,
Esq., Third Auditor, and seventy-eight Clerks,
lie receives and adjusts all accounts for subsist
ence of theArmy, fortifications, Military Acad
emy, military roads, and the Quartermaster's de
partment, as well as for pensions, claims arising
from military tervlces previous to 1816, and for
bo ses and other property lost In the military
service, under various acts of Congress, and re
ports the balances to the Second Comptroller, for
his decision thereon.
Fourth Audittr't Office. A. J. Q'Dannon, Esq.,
Fourth Auditor, and sixteen Clerks. lie receives
and adjusts all accounts for the service of tbe
Navy Department, and reports the balances to
the Second Comptroller, for his decision thereon.
Fflh Auditor's Office. Bartholomew Fuller,
Esq., Filth Auditor, and six Clerks, lie re
ceives and adjusts all accounts for diplomatic
and similar services performed under the direc
tion of the State Department, and reports the
balances to the FIrsj Comptroller, for bit decision
Sixth Auditor's Office. Dr. Thomas M. Tate,
Auditor or the Treasury ror tne rost uince Lie
nartment and one hundred and fourteen Clerks,
lie receives and adjusts all accounts arising from
tbe service of the Post Office Department. Ills
decisions are final, unless an appeal be taken In
twelve months to the First Comptroller. He
superintends the collection of all debts due tbe
Post uince uepariment, ana an penalties ana
forfeitures Imposed on postmasters and mail con
tractors for failing to do tbelr duty ; be directs
suits and legal proceedings, civil and crimTnal,
and takes all such measures as may be author
ised by law to enforce tbe prompt payment of
moneys due. to tbe Department; Instructing Uni
ted States attorneys, marshals, and clerks, on all
matters relating thereto; and receives returns
from each term of the United States courts, of the
condition and progress of such suits and legal
proceedings j has charge of all lands and other
property assigned to the United States in pay
ment of debts due tbe Post Office Department,
and bas power to sell and dispose of the same
for the benefit of the United States.
Treasurer's Office. Samuel Casey, Esq., Treas
urer, and thirteen Clerks. He receives aird keeps
the moneys of tbe United States In bit own
office, and that of the depositories created by the
act of the Gtb of August, 1846, and pays out the
same upon warrants drawn by the Secretary of
the Treasury, countersigned by the First Comp
troller, and upon warrants drawn by the Post
master General, and countersigned by tbe Sixth
Auditor, and recorded by the Register. He also
holds public moneys advanced by warrant to
disbursing officers, and pa)s out the same upon
Register's Office.-Flnlty Digger, Esq., Register,
and twenty-nine Clerks. He keeps tbe accounts
of public receipts and expenditures ; receives
tbe returns and makes out the official statement
of commerce and navigation of the United Slates;
and receives from the First Comptroller and
Commissioner of Customs all accounts and
vouchers decided by them, and Is charged by
law with their lafe keeping.
Solicitor' sOffice. Hon. Junius nillyer, Solicitor,
and six Clerks. He superintends all civil lulls
commenced by the United Stales, (except those
arising in the Post Office Department,) and Instructs
the United States attorneys, marshals, and
clerks, in all matters relating to them1 and their
results. He receives returns from each' tetm of
the! United States courts1, showing the progress
and condition of 'such suits has charge of all
laejds and other property assigned to the United
Stiles' In payment of debts,' (except those assigned
in payment of debts due the Post Office Department,)
and hat power to sell imd dispose of the same
fof the benefit Of tbe United Stales.
Light-House Board. Hon, Howell Cobb, Sec
retary of the Treasury, tx-officio President : Com.
W. ft. Shubrlck, United States Navy, Chairman;
Commander E. O. Tllton, United Stntes Navy;
Major A. U. Bowmsn, Corps of Engineers, Uni
ted States Army ; Cspt A. A. Humphreys, Corps
Topographical Engineers, United Stales Army ;
Prof. Joseph Henry, Secretary of the Smith
sonian Institution ; Prof. A. I). Bach, Super
intendent of tbe Coast Survey ; Commander Ra
phael Semmes,-United States Navy, and Captain
W. F. Smith, Corps Topographical Engineers,
United States Army, members, the list two being
also Secretaries ; and five Clerks. This board
directs the building and repairing of light
houses, light-vessels, beacons, and buoys, con
tracts for supplies, and governs the personnel of
United States Coast Survey. Professor A. D.
Bache, LL. D., Superintendent, and Superintend
ent of Weights and Measures.
Capt William R. Palmer, Corps Topographical
Engineers, United States Army, in charge of tbe
Coast Survey Office ; Lieut A. P. Hill, United
States Army, Assistant
Assistant W. P. Trowbridge, computer of
Assistant Chits. A. Schotl, in charge of com
Assistant L. F. Pourtales, In charge of tidal
Lieut Thomas Wilson, United Stales Army,
in charge of drawing division.
Mr. hdward Wharton, acting in charge of en
Lieut John It Smead, United States Army, In
charge of miscellaneous divisions.
Samuel Heln, Disbursing Agent.
GeOree Mathlot ETectrotvplst.
Joseph Sniton, Assistant to Superintendent of
weights ana Measures.
POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT.
Hon. Joseph Holt Postmaster General. The
direction and management of the Post Office De
partment are assigned by the Constitution and
laws to the Postmaster General. That its busi
ness may be the more conveniently arranged and
prepared for his final action, It is distributed
among several bureaus, as follows : The Ap
pointment Office, In cbsrgeof the First Assistant
Postmaster General; the Contract Office, in
charge of tbe Second Assistant Postmaster Gen
eral ; tbe Finance Office, In charge of the Third
Assistant Postmaster General: and the Inspec
tion Office, In charge of the Ciller Clerk.
Appointment Office. Horatio King, Esq., First
Assistant Postmaster General, and nineteen
Clerks. To this office are assigned all questions
wnicn relate to tne esiaoiianment ana discon
tinuance of post offices, changes of sites and
names, appointment and removal of postmasters
and route and local agents, as also the giving
of Instructions to postmasters. Postmasters are
furnished with marking and rating stamps and
letter balances by this bureau, which Is charged
also with providing blanks and stationery for
the nse Of the Department, and with the superin
tendence of the several agencies established for
sunnlvlnir nostmaaters with blanks. To thli
bureau is likewise assigned ihe supervision of
the ocean mall steamship lines, and of the foreign
ana international postal arrangements.
Contract 0S. William U. Dundarj Esq,
Second Assistant Postmaster General, nnd twenty-six
clerks. To this office Is assigned the
business of arranging the mall service of the
United States, and placing the same under con
tract, embracing all c6rrespondence and proceed
ings respecting the frequency of trip), mode of
conveyancer and times of departures Snd arri
vals on all tbe -routes ; the course of the mall
between tbe different sections of tbe country,
the points of mall distribution, and the regula
tions for the government of the domestic mall
service of tbe United States. It prepares tbe
advertisements for mail proposals, receives the
bids, and takes charge of the annual and occa
sional mall letting!, and the adjustment and exe
cution of the contracts. All applications for
tbe establishment or alteration of mi
ments, and tbe appointment of Mail Messengers,
should be sent to this office. All claims should
be submitted to It for transportatjon service not
under contract, as the recognition of said service
is first to be obtained through tbe Coritract
Office, as a necessary authority for the proper
credits at tbe Auditor's Office. From this office
all postmasters at the ends of routes reserve the
statement of mall arrangements prescribed for
the respective routes. It reports weekly to the
Auditor all contracts executed, and nil Orders
affecting accounts for mail transportatl6n ; pre
pares tbe statistical exhibits of the mall service,
and the reports of tbe mail lettings, giving a
statement of each bid ; also, of tbe contracts
made, the newsservice originated, the curtail
ments ordered, and the additional allowances
granted within the year.
Finance Office. A. N. Zcvely, Esq., Third As
sistant Postmaster Gederal, and twenty-one
clerks. To this office are assigned the supervis
ion and management of the financial business
of tbe Department, not devolved by law upon
the Auditor, embracing accounts with the draft
offices and other depositaries of the Department,
the Issuing of warrants and drafts in payment
of balances reported by tbe Auditor to be due to
mall contractors and other persons, the. supervis
ion of tbe accounts of offices under orders to
deposit their quarterly balance! at detlgna'ed
points, and tbe superintendence of the rendition
by postmasters of their quarterly returns of
postages, it nas cnarge ot tne Lieaa-Letter
Office, or the Issuing or pottage stamps and
stamped envelopes for the pre-payment of post
age, and of the accounts Connected therewith.
To, the Third Assistant Postmaster Gederal all
pottmatters should direct their quarterly returns
of postage; those at draft offices, their letters
reporting quarterly tbe net proceeds of tbelr
offices ; and those at depositing offices, their cer
tificates of deposit ; to him should -alto be di
rected tbe weekly and monthly returnt of tbe
depotilaries of tbe Department, as well as all
applications and receipts for pottage ttampt and
stamped envelopes, and for dead letters,
Impection Office. Benj. N. Cement), Esq.,
Chief Clerk, and seventeen clerks. To this offico
Is assigned tho duty of receiving and examining
tbe registers of tbe arrivals and departures of
the mails, certificates of the service' of route
agents, and reports of mall failures ; of noting
the delinquencies of contractors, and preparing
cases thereon for the action of tbe Postmaster
General ; furnishing blanks for mall registers,
and reporti of mail failures; providing and
sending out mall bags and mail locks und keys,
and doing all other things which may be neces
sary to secure a filtbml and exact performance
of all mall contracts.
All catet of mall depredation, of violation of
law by private expreties, Or by the forging or
Illegal use of postage stamis, are under tbe su
pervision of this office, and should be reported
All communications respecting lost money,
letters, mall depredations, or otber violations at
law, or mall tocks and keys, should be directed,
"Chief Clerk, Pott Office Department."
All registers of the arrivals and departures of
'the mails, certificates of the tervlee of ronte
agents, reports oi man failures, applications lor
blank registers, and reports of failures, and all
complaints against contractors for irregular or
Imperfect service, should be directed, "Inspection
Office, Pott Office Department" '
The Navy Department consists of the Navy
Department proper, being tbe office of the Sec
retary and of five bureaus attaohed thereto, vis t
DureAU , of Navy Yards' and Docks, Bureau' of
Conjunction,' Equipment, and Repair, Bureau of
Provisions' and Clothing, BureSu of Ordnance
and Hydrography, arid the Bureau of Medicine
The following is a statement of the duties of
each of these offices, and of the force employed
Secretary's Office. Hon. Isaac Touccy, Secre
tary of the Navy; Charles W. Welsh, Esq.,
Chief Clerk, and eleven Cterkt. Tbe Secretary
of the Navy has charge of everything connected
with the naval eitsbllthment and ihe execution
of all laws relating thereto Is intrnsted to him,
und'r the general direction of tbe President of
the United State,' who, by the Constitution, is
Commander-in-chief of the Army and Navy.
All Instructions to commanders of squadrons
and commanders of vessels, all orders of officers,
commissions of officers both in the navy and
marine corps, appointments, of commltsioned
and warrant officers, orders for the enlistment
and discbarge of seamen, emanate from the Sec
retary's Office. All the duties of the different
bureaut are perform 'd nnder the authority of
the Secretary, and tbelr orders are considered
as emanating from aim. The general superin
tendence of tbe marine corps form) also a part
of the duties of the Secretiry, and all the order
of the commandant of that corps ibould he ap
proved by him.
Bureau of Ifaty Yards 'and Docks. Commo
dore Joseph Smith', rOhlef of the Bureau four
Glerks,oneClvtt&o(iaeer,and one Draughtsman.
All the n'ary yards, docks, and wharves, build
ings and machinery in. navy yards, and every
thing immediately ,cqnnected with them, are
under the superintendence of thli bureau. It is
also charged with the management of the Naval
Bureau of Constructs! ft1 Equipment, and Re
pair. John Lentball, Esq Chler of the Bureau,
eight Clerks, and one Draughtsman. The office
of the Englneer-in-eblefat'the Navy, Samuel
Archbold, Esq., Is attached v this bureau, who
Is assisted by three assistant engineers. This
bureau baa charge of the building and repairs of
all vessels of war, purcbase'pf materials, and the
providing of all vessel! with tbelr equipments,
as sails, anchors, water tanks, ftc. The Engl-neer-ln-chlef
superintends tbe construction of
all marine steam engine-i for the navy, and, with
the approval of the Secretary, decides npon plans
for their construction.
Bureau of Provisions and Clothing. H. Bridge,
Purser United States Navy, Chief of Bureau, and
four Clerks. AU provisions for the use of the
navy, and clothing, together with the making of
contracts for furnishing the same, come nnder
the charge of this bureau-,
Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography. Capt
Duncan Ingrsham, Chief of Bureau, four Clerks,
and one Draughtsman. This bureau has charge
of all ordnance and ordnance stores, the manu
facture or purchase of cannon, guns, powder,
shot, shells, Ac, and tbe equipment of vessels
or war, with everything connected therewith. It
also provides them with maps, charts, chronom
eters, barometers, ic, together with such books
as are furnished ships of war. "The United
States Naval Observatory and Hydrographies!
Office " at Washington, and the Naval Academy
at Annapolis, are also under tbe general super
intendence of the Chief of this Bureau.
Bureau of Medicine and Sururv. Dr. William
Wbelan, Surgeon United States Navy, Chief of.
Bureau; one Passed Assistant 8urgeon United
States Navy, and two Clerks. Everything rela
ting to medicines and medical stores, treatment
of sick and wounded, and management of.bos-
Sitals, comes within the superintendence of this
Hon. J. B. Floyd, Secretary of War, W. R.
Drlnkard, Chief Clerk, seven Clerks, two Mes
sengers, and one Laborer. The following bu
reaus are attached to this Department '
Commanding Generate Office. This office, at
the bead of which is Lieutenant General Scott,
Is at New York.
Adjutant QcneraTi Office. Col. Samuel Coop
er, Adjutant General. Assistants Major B. D.
Townsend, Major W. A. Nichols, Capt. S. Wil
liams, and Capt J. P. Garetcbe ; Judge Advo
cate, Major John J Lee ; ten Clerks and one
Mettenger. In this office are kept all tbe records
which refer to the personnel of tbe army, tbe
rolls, Ac It is here that all military commis
sion! are made out.
Quartermaster GentraVs Office. Brevet Major
General T. S. Jesup, Quartermaster General.
Assistants Major E. S. Bibley, Brevet Major H.
O. Wayne, and Brevet Major J. Belger j eleven
Clerks and bne Messenger.
Paymaster Generals Office. Col. B. F. Larned,
Paymaster General, Lieut Col. T. P. Andrews,
District Paymaster ; seven Clerks and one Mes
senger. Commissary GeneraVs Office. General George
Gibson, Commissary General ; Assistant, Capt
A. E. Shlras ; six Clerks and one Messenger.
Surgeon General's Office. Gen. Thomas Law
son, Surgeon General ; Assistant, Dr. R. O. Wood)
three Clerks and one Mettenger.
Engineer Offiee-Qtn. Joseph G. Totten, Chief
Engineer; Assistant, Captain 11. G.Wright; five
Clerks and one Messenger.
Topographical Bureau. Go. J. J.-Abert, Colo
nel of the Corps ; Assistant. Cant I. O. Wood-
I ruff; fiveClerks and one Mettenger.
Ordnance Bureau. Col. II. K. Craig, Colonel
of Ordnance; Assistant, Capt. William Mayna
dier ; eight Clerks and one Messenger.
FOR COUGHS, COLDS, ftc.
AYER'S CHERRY PECTORAL.
Tyler's Syrup Gum Arabic.
Brown's Bronchial Troches.
Wistar's Cough Lozenges.
Wlttar's Balsam Wild Cherry.
Bwayhe's 8yrup Wild Cherry.
Bryant's' Pulmonic Wafers.
For sale by CHARLES STOTT,
No. 375 Pennsylvania avenue,
AMERICAN AND ENGLISH PICKLES,
SAUCE 3, ic.
C VccomllV, Am1-
White and Brown ONIONS,
Worcestershire Sauce, Bayer's Sultana, Read
ing, Harvey, and Anchovy SAUCES.
For sale by JE38E B. WILSON,
327 Pa. av., between Sixth and Seventh
nov 28 streets, south side.
T. II. SPEIR,
formerly with Richard Davis,
PIANO TUNER AND REPAIRER.
Orders left atU. H. Rldenour't, (Confectioner,)
304 Pennsylvania avenue, will meet with prompt
attention. nov 26 1W