Newspaper Page Text
Friday, December 7, 18G0.
OQr If any of oar subscribers fail to receive
tbeir paper regulatly, we hope they will notify
hi of the fact without delay, that we may call
the attention cf the carriers to the neglect
Wo invito the attention of our merchant
and business men to our advertising columns
We start 'bat with a circulation in this ciU
which we believe to be larger than that of any
other paper published here, save one, and with
prospects of a largo daily increase. As ours is
the only Republican paper published in the
city, it is fair to presume that advertisers,
through its coluts, may reach a class ol
readers who cannot be reached through any
of the other ctty papers.
By advertising in our columns, no one, o
course, will be supposed to have endorsed oui
politics. Wo do not expect the advertising
patronage of our political opponents, miles.
they shall deem it to their interest, as a men
business matter, to extend it to us. But wt
expect to make it clearly manifest, to all whi
desire to attract public notice to their waref
and their business, that the way to do so is U
advertise in our columns.
POPULAR GOVERNMENT TO BE SUP
A correspondent of the Baltimore American,
writing from the capital of South Carolina,
under dato of tho 3d instant, in respect to tin
military forces being raised in that State, says :
" How aro the commanding officers to be ap
pointed? who is to appoint them? nrethegrea'
" There are two parties in the House of Rep
resentatives brought into contention upon this i
subject, and during the past week their con
flict has been most determined and bilter. The
one party is jealous of power. It mistrusts the
proposition to repose sovereign power in the
Executive in the matter of levying war and
the selection of commanders of the troops to
be raised. The other, and, to all appearances,
the dominant party, have, through their leaders,
declared all confidence in the next Executive
to be chosen, whoever he may be. Thry re
gard the future Governors of the State in the
light of sovereigns. They have already in
creased his power, as they have increased his
salary. No later than Saturday, a gentleman
fubiicly declared, on the floor of the House of
tepresentatives, that he regarded the Govern
or 'of South Carolina, at this juncture, as a
military dictator. He warmly advocated the
further increase of power. Indeed, among all
tho educated men with whom I havo conversed,
the conviction already seems to be gaining
strong ground, that the masses are incapable of
selfgocernment. The indisposition to intrust
them with powers to choose their own military
leaders in this crisis, is an evidence. The
Legislature is strongly tinctured with this sen
timent, and hence the advocacy of all meas
ures to strengthen the powers of the Executive!'
The debates upon military bills evidence great
mistrust in the purity or judgment of the
The Government of South Carolina, even
while it has remained in the Union, has been
oligarchical. By imposing a property qualifi
cation upon the right of suffrage, and still more
effectually by a rotten-borough apportionment
of legislative representation which secures the
control to the heavy slaveholding parishes, the
oligarchs have held an undisputed ascendency
in the Legislature, as against the people. At
the same time and as a part of tho same sys
tem, the oligarchs have given to the Legislature,
thus in their hands, the choice of Governors
and Presidential electors. Thus, South Caro
lina, said by courtesy to have a republican
form of government, has never been anything
but a Republic after the pattern of Venice with
its Council of Ten.
JThese oligarchical features of government
grow out of the enormous disparities in the so
cial position of the people of South Carolina.
On the one side are the few, possessing great
wealth and highly cultivated, and on the other
tide the masses, who are,, as we have the au
thority of Governor Hammond for saying, little,
if at all, elevated above the condition of the
native Indians of America.
It is safe to presume, that if South Carolina
go:s out of the Union, her oligarchical tenden
cies, checked hitherto by the general senti
ments of the country, will co on to their full
development, and that we shall have there, ai
we now see in Cuba, where social disparities
are not so great, a titled noblesse. Ten years
will not elapse, before we shall sco South Oar.
olina counts and marquises dancing and ogling
at Newport and Saratoga.
In all these respects, there is a marked con '
trast between tho.armini7 and planting States
of the South. There is nothing congenial be
tween republican Virginia and uristocraticSouth
Carolina, and if they could be made to act to
gether in a moment of excitement, they would
be separated at last by inherent and irremova
ble elements of repulsion.
Tbfl AdvecturM of James Ospen Adams, a Mountaineer and
Orluly Guar Hunter ol" California. By Theodore II. Illttell.
We always were admirers of those men who
landed on our shores at various places, in search
of pleasures wild and daring, prizes rfch and
glittering, or homes free and felicitous.
Life is real facts are more wonderful than
fiction j truth edifies and abides fiction may
please, and leave a cancer.
If you desire something that will rouse, thrill,
read the book whose title we have copied above ;
and if you wish to purchase it, call at French
k Richstein's, No. 278 Pennsylvania avenue,
who are the agents for Messrs. Crosby, Nichols,
Lee, & Company, of Boston, the publishers of
this and many other volumes ot rare worth
We have read many of their standard works,
and were always doubly pleased because of the
V .. . -
IQK CREAM, Water Ices, Wedding Cakes,
Pound Cakes, Mince Pits, Pastry, Crusts for
Oyster Pie', Jellies, and a general assortment of
nwe things in the Confectionery line, at FUS
SELX'3, corner of Twelfth afid F streets, at the
lowest prices. nov 30 lm
Thursday, December C, 1860.
After our report closed yesterday, the Speaker
announced the following special committee,
under Mr. Boteler1! resolution to consider the
questions connected with the perilous condition
of tho country i
Corwin, of Ohio, rep., chairman; unison,
Davis, of Md., Anicr. j Robinson, of H. I-,rep.i
Whitclcy, of Del., dem.; btratton.oi :i . J ., rep. ,
Bristow, of Ky, Amer.j Morrill, of Vt:, rep.
Nelson, of Tenn.. Amor.; Dunn, of Ind.,rcp.;
Taylor, of La.; dem.i Davis, of Miss., dem.;
Kellogg, of 111. rep. ; Houston, of Ala., dem. ;
Morse, of Maine, rep.; Phelps, of Mo., dem.;
Rust, of Ark., dem.; Howard, of Mich., rep.;
Hawkins, of I'1 a., dem.t Hamilton, of Texas,
dem.; Washburn, of Wis., rep ; Curtis, of
Iowa, rep. ; Burch, of Cat, dem. ; Windora, of
Minn., rep.; Stout, of Oregon, dem.; lappan
ot a. it., rep.
The 8peaker desired to say that it was par
liamentary usage to name on the committee
the mover of a resolution under which it was
ordered to be. formed, but he had omitted the
name of Mr. Boteler at that gentleman's own
request. 'He had endeavored to appoint the
committee to the best of his judgment, and at
the earliest period, in view of the important
business with which it was intrusted.
Mr. Hawkins, of Florida, said : Lost Tuesday
I begged to bo excused from voting, and, for
similar reasons, I now ask to be excused from
serving on this committee. I have consulted
with the older members as to-whether it Is vol
untary or not for a member appointed on a com
mittee to serve, and have been informed thathe
is compelled by the rules of the House to serve,
unless excused, and that if he does not serve he
subjects himself to something like a rebuke or
reprimand from the House. Now, as long as I
am a member of this body, and anxious to re
spect all its rules, and unwilling to draw npon
myself rebuke or reprimand, I therefore ask the
House to excuse me from serving as a member
of this committee.
Mr. John Cochrano said he had heard with a
great deal of regret that Lis friend asked to be
excused from rerviceon the committee. It has
been said here to-day, in the Chaplain's prayer,
that "tho gray shadow of the dark wing of dis
solution has been extended over our House and
country," and so deep is the gloom that we can
scarcely discern one gleam of light to ennble us
to transact the ordinary business of legislation.
Men's minds have been devoted for weeks past
to the great and absorbing topic of controversy
which enlists all our thoughts and demands of
every individual hisbestexertionsand his purest
emotions and wisdom.
It U of importance to this issue that the Re
public should command the exertions and ef
forts of all its citizens. I believe now, in the
midst of this crisis, with the perils impending
over the country nay, with the danger already
upon it that there is no reason why this House,
representing tho patriotism and wisdom of the
country, should, in prudence, excuse the gen
tleman from Florida. I believe, from all parts
of his Slate, whero the people nro looking with
solicitude on tho passing events, and with anx
ious eyes, if the voice of his constituents would
be heard, it would be in tones beseeching and
appealing to their Representatives to stand for
ward in this issue, and assume the brunt of the
He did not believe, with the gentleman, that
it was important to the welfare of the country
there should be a unanimous report on me suo-
ject referred to the committee. However, God
grant it may be. Applause in the galleries,
accompanied by cnes of " order " on the floor.
God grant it maybe stamped with tho unanim
ity which patriotism demands ! If the country
is not to be saved ; if patriotism is not sufficient
to command this glorious result, it is due that
the people of the United States should know it.
It is due to the benighted regions of the
country that the facts should be impressed on
their minds, and ignorance nolonger be plead
ed as an excuse for the acts which have brought
us to this fearful precipice. If we are not to
have-a unanimous reporfto save the country
from the pangs and agony of secession, let us
know what demands are made by one section
of the country upon the other, and let ns feel
what is the pulsation of the country. And let
us be enabled to answer the exclamatory in
quiry that comes from every portion of the
land, " Watchman, what of tho night?" clear
ly and conclusively whether storms and mad
ness rule the hour whether there is a harbin
ger of peace, or whether there is one gleam of
morning by which we may discern the stars
and stripes floating from yonder dome. These
remarks were greeted with warm applause.
Mr. Garnett hastily rose, saying i I trust that
in our grave deliberations the Chair will stop
applause, whether on the floor or in tho gal
leries. I will give notice Here he was met
with hissess from the galleries. I now move
that the galleries be cleared. Renewed hisses.
These disgraceful blackguards who violate the
rules of the House, and tho decorum and dig
nit which are due to the Representatives of the
feople, should be forthwith expelled from the
The Speaker said be had no doubt that the
suggestions of the gcnllnman of Virginia would
be sufficient for u respectable auditory, and in
Mr. Morris, of Illinois, appealed to Mr. Coch
raue to refrain from further discussion of this
Mr. Cochrane resumed. I deprecate with all
others these testimonials, cither of approbation
or of censure, from the galleries or floor of this
House ; yet an excuse might be found in the
character of the theme before us, which appeals
to the emotions of all, however humble they may
be, in the Republio ; but it is eminently proper
that these rules of order should be observed
and the subject discussed with the gravity that
its nature demands, and that the American
Congress, even if in the pangs of dissolution, if
it is to fall, should fall decently, with its official
robes gathered around it.
I had not intended even to allude to the great
principle which reposes at the base of this ques
tion. It would be unwise and improper; but
tho allusions I have made were necessary ia
order that I might bringto the intelligence and
heart of the gentleman from Florida considera
tions applicable to his own patriotic nature and
consistency, which are ns common, general,
and catholic, as is the great and glorious re
public in which we live. I appeal to him on
the grounds of a common humanity I appeal
to him in the peril of a common couutry I
appeal to him by the memories of the past I
appeal to him by tho prosperity and existence
of the sovereign State of Florida, to remain in
If these appeals be ineffectual, I now further
appeal to those here representing a common
country. I ask them, without any reflection
on the gentleman from Florida, but in pursu
ance of a duty to be performed, to negative the
request that he be excused.
Mr. Hawkins demanded the previous ques
tion on his motion for that purpose.
Mr. Millson moved to adjourn.
Mr. Crawford appealed to Mr. Millson to
withdraw the motion, so as the vote might bo
orva.. dcm.i AUams.oi iunss., ren.j
of N. C dem.j Humphrey, of N. 1., rep.j
Boyce, of S. C, dotn.', Campbell, of Pa., rep.;
r.no. nf fin., dom.! Kcrrv. of Conn., rep.t
taken, to see whether Mr. Hawkins would bo
forced to serve. He hoped that others would
nsk to be excused from voting.
Mr. Hawkins declared that he was not act
ing under impulse, but from the convictions of
Mr. Adrain rose to speak.
Mr. Underwood and others called him to
Mr. Adrain, amid the confusion, "-said the
committee ougjht to be settled today. '
He was again called to order from the South
ern side of the Hall.
The question to adjourn was then carried
yens 104, nays 92. The House had previously
decided that when they adjourned it should be
till Monday. .
NEWS BY TELEGRAPH.
LATEST FROM THE SOUTH.
IMPORTANT FROM SOUTH. CAHUMNJ.
Columbia, Dec. 6. The House passed the
bill to nrovide an armed military lorcc with
out opposition. It authorizes the Government
to call into service ten thousand volunteers. It
will be taken up in tho Senate to-morrow.
To-morrow the election for delegates to the
Convention will take placo. Thcro is no ex
citement whatever, but a quiet determination
on the part of the people to carry the State out
of the Union as soon as possible.
The President's message is here. It docs
not create much remark. The people were
prepared for the views expressed in relation to
secession boforebnnd, and arc taking such
steps as they deem necessary to meet whatever
exigency may arise.
The election of Governor, it is believed, will
not take place till Monday next.
Charleston Dec. 6. Ibe military were out
this evening in full force, with Palmetto ban
ners flying. Another flagstaff was inaugurated
on the Citadel Green. Major Stevens', super
intendent of the Citadel Academy, delivered
an address lamenting tho fate of the once
glorious stars and stripes. A largo number of
ladies attended the ceremony.
T1IE PLASTERS UOLDLNU BACK TIIe'ib COTTON.
New Orleans, Dec. S. It is now ascertained
that the planters have resolved to holdon to
their cotton, and the sudden falling off in tho
receipts at the ports (amounting to nearly ouo
balf) is ample confirmation of the fuct. The
reason assigned by tho planters lor their course
is the severe depression that exists in tho At
lantic and Gulf markets, and the suspension
by the banks of Georgia, routh Carolina, and
other States, through which their exchanges
are done. It is thought that this action of tho
planters will have a tendency to arrest any
further downward movement of tho staple.
The decline already submitted to on the balance
of the crop yet to bo received lestimatiiig ine
whole crop at 4,000,000 bales) amounts in
round figures to about fifteen millions of dollars.
THE FEELINO IN ALABAMA.
Montgomery, Dec. 5. Mr. Yancey declines
going as commissioner to South Carolina. He
will bo in the Convention of this Slate at the
time that the commissioners arc sent out. John
Elmore will go as commissioner to South
Carolina. Judge Shorter will go to Georgia.
Commissioners will be sent to all the Status
that bold Conventions.
The news from the various counties in Ala
bama continue favorable to the disunionists.
There is no doubt of the secession of Alabama,
with or without South Carolina.
THE SENTIMENT OF NEW ORLEANS.
New Orleans, Dec. 6. A synopsis of the
President's message was received here to-day.
It is cousidereu as not interfering with tne ngiil
of secession, but does not cover the ground,
uud the remedy by constitutional amendment
is deemed iiieflicient.
The contemplated meeting of merchants and
banks failed. The principal commercial houses
will hold out. Tho banks are all firm.
FURTHER PER STEAMER CANADIAN.
lrtland, Dec. C. The following are tho
latest advices received by the Canadian :
England. The arrangement made by the
Bank of England for an exchange of two mil
lions of gold for a like amount of silver from
the Bank of France, caused an improvement
in the money market, and the funds became
The London Herald's city article regards the
measure as only palliative. There were no
gold withdrawals from the bank on the 21st.
In the discount market there was a tendency
to greater case. Good bills wero taken at a
reduction from the bank minimum. The de
mand at the bank was moderate.
The British Board of Trade bad commenced
an inquiry into tho burning of the steamer
The Empress of Austria has arrived at Ply
mouth on her way to Maderia.
The result ot the Presidential contest in the
United States is commented on in England
The Empress Eugenie bad arrived in Scot
laud, and was temporarily sojourning in Edin
burgh, preparatory to visiting the Duke of Ham
ilton. France. The prohibition ngainst the ex
portation of iron has been abolished in France.
Italy. Colonel Pianella has surrendered
his battalion of Chasseurs to the Picdmoutese.
Tho Oueen of Suaiu has presented a rich
sword to General Guyon. It is reported that
General Guyon has declaaed that he would
not yield the material belonging to the Bour
bon troops that entered tho Roman States to
either France or Sardinia. Negotiations were,
however, progressing in relation to the matter.
A castle near Munich has been prepared for
the receptiou of Francis II.
Explanations are said to have been asked
of Piedmont by France, whether it was with
its sanction that Garibaldi signified his inten
tion to attack Venetia in tho spring. Tho
plan attributed to Garibaldi is, to land in Dal
matia, and from thence to go to Montenegro,
raise the populatiou in order to compel the
Austrians to keep a considerable force on that
side, while the Piedmontese are busy before Ve
netia. A statement is current that the English Gov
ernment intimated to France its intention of
recognising tho new kingdom, and Napoleon
signified his willingness, provided it was post
poned until the King of Naples evacuated
Revolutionary movements are at work, and
it is said the five Neapolitan provinces of Al
vazzi have partly risen in insurrection.
The Piedmoutese troops had occupied Ter
racini, but Cardinal Antonelli protested, and
Gen. (Juyon's presence iulimidaled the troops,
and it was evacuated.
Russia. Advices from St. Petersburgh re
port the river full of ice, and navigation to
Austria. A Vienna letter speaks of a guar
anty from the Germanic Confederation, joiued
by Russia, for securing Venetia to Austria, as
necessary for the security of Germany.
India. The Bombay mail has reached Eng
land, bringing vague rumors of the probable
early reduction of 25 per cent, in tho duties on
cotton and yarns.
8NOW IK IIOHTON.
JJoston, Dec. 5. About three inches of
snow fell last night, but is rapidly dissolving
FIRE AT THE NEW YORK STATE CAIMTOL.
Albany, N. 1'., Dec. (!. While tho Electoral
College was inscssion yesterday, the Capitol
was oiseoered to be on fire in tho library of
the Assembly Chamber. It had mado consider
able headway wheu discovered by tho superin
tendent of the building, but was speedily ex
tinguished. About one hundred volumes of
documents were destroyed and injured, as also
a portion of shelving and cases .The fire orig
inated from a defective Quo.
HORACE ORF.EI.ET SUED Foil I.11IEL.
Ostcego, A". V., Dec. 6. Hon.. D. O. .Little
John, Republican, and Speaker of tho last Gen
eral Assembly, has commenced proceedings
gainst Horace Greeley, of .the Now York Trib
une, for alleged libels uttered pending the
Into election. The charge against Mr. L. was,
that he was a party to certain acts of corrup
tion passed through the Legislature.
UNION' MKET1NO IN PHILADELPHIA.
Philadelphia, Dec. 6. The city councils to
day adopted resolutions requesting the'mnyor
to call a public meeting ol our citizens, irre
spective of party, to' express their adhesion to
the Union, and appointed a committee of six
from each branch to carry out the resolutions.
mJRSTINO OF WATER TIPES.
New York; Dec. 0. The bursting of two im
mense water mains on the Fifth avenue last
night will occasion a short supply of water for
two or three days or a week.
Items Telegraphed from Washington.
Washington, Dec. C. The President sent to
tho House to-day a very large mass of docu
ments, in response to n resolution adopted at
the former session. From a cursory examina
tion of their contents, it appears that the cost
per annum of the African squadron, from the
year 1843 to 1833, was, $384,000. Tho cost for
the present year is estimated at about $800,000,
owing to the employment of war vessels, a ma
jority them being steamers.
In his instructions of tho flag officers, the
Secretary of the Navy says, the United States
does not claim that the mere hoisting of our
flag should give immunity to those who have
no right to wear it. Such a pretence would
subject it to degradation and dishonor, because
it would thus be made a cover for piracy and
other crimes of similar atrocity ; but our own
citizens, who rightfully display it, are entitled
to absolute immunity and protection. You will,
therefore, he adds, bo prompt to prevent the
senrch or detention of vessels of the' United
States on the high seas in times of peace, by
the armed vessels of nny other Power. And,
should vessels of the United States falsely as
sume the flag of any other nation, it would
constitute no protection.
Among tho documents therd is one from the
Stale Department, a noto from Lord Russell to
Lord Lyons, which tho tatter, by direction,
read to Secretary Cass. It is dated February
Lord Russell savs it is his painful duty to
call attention to the increasing activity and
success of the slavo trade carried on between
tho coasts of Africa and Cuba, and that it ap
pears that tho number of negroes introduced
into Cuba last year was from" 22,000 to 30,000 1
Also, that United States capital has been more
and more employed in this traffic, the parties
sailing under the American flag. , .
The Governments of France, United States,
Portugal, and Brazil, have co-operated with the
Government of Great Britain, with a view to
put un cud to this detestable traffic. The '
Government of Spain has alono persisted in
screening and favoring this trade. The cor-'
ruption of the Spanish official, in Cuba is noto
rious. They make their returns to Spain to
enjoy their ill-gotten treasure.
In a letter from Mr. Cass to Mr. Dallas, dated
March 31st, 18C0, he says that there is much
in the condnct of the British officers of which
this couutry may justly complain, and that cer- ,
tain reports and various occurrences warn us .
of the necessity of increased vigilance when the
safety of vast interests of our citizens uponthe '
ocean is brought in question. Mr. Cass plainly
Bays that the President had read with surprise j
and dissatisfaction certainBritish official repre
scntations, which, in tho judgment of the Ex- j
ecutive department, are not supported by the j
facts advanced, nor aro thoy compatible with
me respect wnicn is uue irom one luuepenucui
nation to nnother.
It further appears from these documents that
the British Govetnment has frequently com
plained to our own about the increuse of tho
slave trade. So Mr. Cass writes to Mr. Dallas
in October last to assure Lord Russell that the
Foreign Office has been assured more than once
before that certain diplomatic suggestions are
as unnecessary as they are unacceptable, and
to express the hope that this Government en
tertains that similar appeals will not again be
repeated, for his Government needs not such
repeated representations to stimulate its action
or to teach it its duty.
The adjournment of tho House to day, pend
ing the request of Mr. Hawkins to be excused
from servico on tho select committee, was car
ried by the conservative vote. Had the Uouso
remained longer in session, there would prob
ably have been other similar requests from
THE MARYLAND ELECTORS IN WASHINOTON A
MASS STATE CONVENTION FOR MARYLAND RE
SOLVED UrON 1'HOroSED COMPROMISES ETC.
Washington, Dec. C, I'. M. The electors of
Maryland being in tho city, there has been
quite a large gathering of prominent citizens of
that State who are just now here. After a full
interchange of views, it was unanimously agreed
that it was expedient that n mass State Conven
tion, without respect to party, should be called
at Baltimore, to consider what steps nro advisa
ble at this crisis in public affairs. It was con
sidered as nearly certain that the cotton States
would early secede from the Union, and that the
influence of the border States would be limited
to getting them back, provided that the North
should make concessions recognizing the rights -of
the South in the Territories, and stipulate
for the execution of the fugitive slavo law.
There is to be a caucus of Southern Senators
Mr. Crittenden is understood to bo in favor of
tho Missouri compromise line as a legislative
measure to quiet the existing agitation, as if
such a thing were reasonable or possible. Other
conservative Senators from border States, both .
free and slave, are discussing the expediency of
making a constitutional provision. It is evident
that nothing short of this will avail. They favor
a Convention fresh from the people of nil the
States to act upon measures that may restore
harmony. It is more than probable that seve
ral of the cotton States will havo no reprosent
ntion to act with the House committee of com
promise. LATER FROM CALIFORNIA.
The pony express, with San Francisco dates .
to the 24th ult., arrived at Fort Kearney on tho
Major J. B. Scott, of the United States army,
died at San Francisco on the 22d.
A telegaphic dispatch from Yreka announces
the denth of the Hon. Delazon Smith, at Port
land, Oregon, on tho 18th. He was recently
one of the United Slates Senators from that
The news received from the Atlantic States
relating to the secession demonstrations of
South Carolina, Georgia, &c, has caused an
nnusual sensation, forming the universal topic
of conversation, generally in a regretful mood.
Trade was dull at San Francisco, and money
tight. Provisions dull; breadstuffs active and
tending up, with large sales for shipment to
During the past six weeks an unusual num.
bea of whaleships have touched at San Fran
cisco, laid in their supplies, discharged and
reshipped crews, negotiated drafts on th i East
and obtained Eastern advances, at such a sav
ing of time and money as demonstrates the
immense advantage San Francisco haj over
Honolulu as a whaling port.
By the steamer Brother Jonathan, full ad
vices from Oregon to tho 17th, and from
British Columbia to the 10th, hare been re
Largo numbers of Chinese had arrived at
Portland, from the mines in the British posses
sions, having been driven off by the Indian.
Reports of rich gold mines in Oregon and
Washington continue as usual.
Tho woollen factory at Salem was running
night and day, manufacturing fabrics which
find a ready market.
Since November 4th, $115,000 in gold had
been received at Victoria from the Fraser river
There was a serious riot at tho Victoria
theatre, November 3, growing out of the long
existing prejudices of the negroes against the
whites. The negro population having emi
grated to British Columbia from California, to
improve their social position, which they claim
to be equal in all things to any other race, the
whites demurred at this, and tho management
of tho theatre provided for its colored popula
lation in a separate part of the house.
On tho night in question the negroes con
cocted a plan to take possession of the seats
reserved for the whites. Two negroes first
forced an admittance to the parquette, and the
whites attempted to expel them. The actors
on the stage jumped into the parquette to as
sist in the fight. The ladies took refuge behind
tho scenes. The negroes, armed with clubs,
came to the rescue of their fellows. A num
ber of tho whites were knocked down, and
kicked by the negroes. The enmphen lamps
wero thrown about, bursting, and actually set
ting the theatre on fire. The negroes got pos
session, and drove the whites out, and were in
turn repulsed. Some of the negroes had fire
arms. Tho principal rioters were arrested, and or
der was restored by the police. One hundred
negroes wero engaged in the riot.
Another attack on the theatre was planned
for November 10th, tho day the steamer left.
A large police force was to be on hand.
now they Originate. The follow! ng ex
tract from the correspondence of tho St. Louis
Democrat accounts for the origin of many of
the most startling of the rumors from Kansas.
Tho correspondent, writing from the " seat of
"Two hundred United States troops were
mistaken on Wednesday last for Montgomery's
men, and at the sight of them all the farmers
ran away and deserted their homes. They soon
fonnd out their mistake, however, and returned
to their farms.
" One. man with a team of fonr horses saw
a foraging party of the United States troops,
numbering thirty men. lis alarm was so
sudden and great that he cut one of his horses
out of his team and broke for the settlement,
like Tarn O'Shanter with the witches after him,
bearing the news that the robbers were com
ing. In an hour or two tho troops quietly rode
in wi'h the remaining horses of the team, and
the poor farmer was terribly ridiculed for his
A subscriber of the National Intelligencer has
cut the following from an ancient copy of the
Baltimore American, and forwarded it with a
request for its republication :
Mr. Calhoun. Tho following toast was
given by the Vice President of the United
states, at a public dinner on the 4th of July,
in his own district of Pendleton, S. C. :
liyjohn C. Calhoun " The State and Gen
eral Governments each imperfect when viewed
as separate and distinct Governments, but,
taken as a whole, forming one system, with
encn cnecmng ami controlling the other, un
surpassed by any work of man, in wisdom and
GREAT BARGAINS AT THE PEOPLE'S
No. 406 Seventh street, near E.
I AM now offering ray large stock of Clothing,
Furnishing Goods, Hals, and Caps, at re
markably low prices, In order to decrease my
N. B. All persons In want of Clothing and
Furnishing Goods will find it greatly to their
advantage to give me a call, as lam determined
to sell lower than any other houso in town.
Don't forget the name and number.
J. II. SMITH, Clothier,
dec 7 lm 460 Seventh si., op. Post Office.
LADD, WEBSTER, & Co.'s
Are preferred above all others.
LADD, WEBSTER, k Co.'s
Are preferred above all others.
LADD, WEBSTER, 4 Co.'s
Are preferred abovo all others.
SST For reasons why, tee advertisement In
another column. -iJ
AT JANNEY'3, 348 Pennsylvania avenue.
Young Ladles in attendance.
CITY STEAM FIRE-WOOD MILLS AND
Foot of Seventeenth street, below War Dept.
KINDLING and Stove-Wood prepared to suit
the wants of each customer.
Coal kept in coal-bouses, protected from the
weather, and delivered free from dirt and other
Impurities. 2,240 pounds to the ton.
T. J. & W. M. GALT,
Office 282 Penn. nv., bet. Eleventh
dec fi lot and Twelfth sts.
A THREE STORY and basement brick house,
on the corner of Fourth and K streets, con
taining eight rooms, nearly new, and In good
order. To a prompt tenant the rent will be
moderate. Inquire of J. T. Clements, agent,
No. S80 I street, or at this office, nov 20 If
Encourage Home Production.
LAMPBLACK of all qualities, and packed in
all of the different styles known to the trade.
Hoofing Pitch and Roofing Slate,
FOR GRAVEL ROOFS,
And also used for slute and tin roof. Manufac
tured and for sale by
H. G. WILSON 4 CO.,
Twenty-second street and Cheepeuke and
Ohio Canal. Office adjoining Bank of
Washington. nov 'id
rW''mT I I I
- ; 15
Choice Groceries,'. Ji, Wines, and
TUB undersigned respectfully calls the atten
tion of his friends and 33,' ttubltd to his'
largo and complete stock of QrojerletJ Teas,
Wines, and Liquors, which have been purchased
recently on the most favorable terms, ana will'
be disposed of at a very smsll advance. Ills'
Teas are selected by one of tht oldest and most
experienced Importers In the eonntry, which en
ables bira always to furnish his customers with
a superior article. A very Doe article of Oolong
Tea always on hand, at fifty cents per pound.
Purchasers will do well to call and see before
JOSEPH W. DAVIS,
dec 5 lw Corner of Ninth and E sts.
Greatest Inducements ever offered to
At the New Hat and Cap Establishment Hats
nd Caps almost given away at
dec 6 3t 286 Pa. ar., opposite Star Office.
THE ROYAL TURKISH TOWELS.
Bathing Sponges, Velvet Sponges, Bath
Brown Windsor Soap, Honey Soaps.
- Lnbln's Soaps and Lxtracts.
. Genuine German Cologne, all sizes, wick
ets and plain bottles.
Basin's Soaps and Extracts.
Pbalon's Soaps and Extracts.
Pomades of all kinds.
Hair Tonics, Ac.
With a full assortment of new Perfumery.
Hair Brushes, Combs, Tooth Brushes.
Fresh Medicines, Pure Chemicals, fcc.
Just received at OILMAN'S
New Drug Store, 350 Penn. Av.
Congress, Empire, Saratoga, Bedford, Bine
Lick, and White Sulphur Waters, always on
band, as above. dec 3 3t
8. T. SHUMAN,
CHEMIST AND PHARMACEUTIST,
Corner of Sixth street and Pennsylvania
avenue, under the Clarendon Hotel,
RESPECTFULLY begs leave to inform his old
customers and the public in general, that
having located at the above stand, he will bo
happy to supply tbeir wants In bis line of busi
ness, dec 3 ly
GEORGE P. GOFF,
Corner Indiana avenue and Second street,
nov 26 Washington, D. O-
THE UNION WILL STAND, NO MATTER
WHO'S PRESIDENT I
CONSEQUENTLY, I shall remain in Wash
ington, and continne to pursue my occu
pation of HOUSE, SIGN, and ORNAMENTAL
PAINTING. GUding ia all its branches. Old
Glazing promptly attended to. Painting and
Ornamenting Cottage Furniture In the best
style. I also call attention to the Painting of
Roofs and Brick Walls.
All of the above I will do as eheap as the
theapest. I therefore solicit the patronage of
my friends and fellow citizens of the District.
Punctuality strictly observed, and work done in
the best manner. ,
You will please mind your stops, and stop at
M. T. PARKER'S Painting Establishment, No. 53 1
5311 63111 Louisiana avenue, aortb side, be
tween Sixth and Seventh streets.
P. S. Signs put up free of charge, as usual.
THE DEBATES OF CONGRESS.
THE Daily Olclt, containing the proceedings
of the next session of Congress In newspa
per form, and the Congressional Globe and Ap
pendix, containing "them in book form, revised
by the speakers, will be printed by me during
the session to commence on the third of next
For one copy of the Daily Globe until the first
day of neit April, 3 ; for one copy of the Con
gressional Globe and Appendix during the ses
The Congrisiional Globe and Appendix go free
through the mails.
No attention will be paid toany order, unless
the money accompany it.
JOHN O. RIVES.
Washington City, Oct. 18, 1860.
By the Day, Week, or Month, aith or without
MRS. M. A. MILLS, having taken and fitted
up, in handsome Btyle, that largo and
pleasant bouse, No. 604 Pennsylvania avenue,
third door east of Third street, between the St.
Charles Hotel and Adams's Express Office, near
the Capitol and railroad depot, is now prepared
to accommodate Transient or Permanent Guests
with pleasant rooms, with or without Board,
ENGLISH CARRIAGE VARNISn,
FOR sale by
nov 20 tawJm No. 375 Penn. avenue.
FURNISHED PARLOR AND CHAMBERS,
(with gas) with or without Board, ut No.
388 North Capitol street, between B and O
streets. Board, one dollar per day,
nov 30 2w MRS. M. II. CARPENTER.
Mr. II. O. Reaver is our authorized agent for
Georgetown. Subscriptions and advertisements
for this paper can be left at Barnard's Drug
Store, corner of Bridge and High streets.
" Now let ilioto injur who ne'er insured before,
And thoie who have, lei them Insure ihe more."
The Potoinao Fire Insurance Company
of Georgetown, D. C,
CIIAllTKItnU UY GONORE9S, 1831.
STOCKHOLDERS PERSONALLY RESPONSIBLE!
CpilE Stockholders and Directors embrace many
JL of the most wealthy and respectable cltizenJ
of this District.
JOHN MARBURY, President. -
1IKNKY KING, Secretary.
AMOS HUNT, Travelling Agent.
Office and residence No. 61 North A street,
Capitol Hill. Box 454. City Post Office. Orders
attended to Immediately. Losses paid promptly.
Care tot home, and home will care for us.