Newspaper Page Text
- -fir i-vr--. ii'1
For the National Republican.
THE KIND OF EDUCATION NEEDED IN
There Is a Browing conviction in tho minds
of all the thinking, intolligcnVand high minded
men of oor country, that the worker education
must be more carefully and specially directed
to the development and training of the mental
and moral part of our being. This is empbat.
'?.". money-making, money-loving, and materialising-
age; when sordid selfishness tri-'
nmpni over the better part of our natures, and
can see nothing good in human efforts which
iiouiiuk kuou m nnman etlorts which
will not exalt the " mighty dollar." and provide
will not exalt the " mighty dollar," and providi
incre&npd fjipilitipa fnr ntitratnal aA .........l .-..
ification,sothatitis almost impossible to make
the devotees of wealth, fashion, and luxury, see
or feel that the intellectual and spiritual are of
mOrfl lmtMlrtAnra tflftn itlA animal atirt ilia n.
With all the enlightenment of the present
day, with all the high appreciation of educa
tion, and the large and frequent appropriations
for its advancement, it is doubtful whether
there has ever been a period in the history of
educational progress, when the masses were
actuated by lower motives ; which partake so
much of a material, evanescent, and temporal
character. Yea, more for if we can judge of
men's motives in educating their children by
theuscs which they design them to make of
their educated powers, we should conclude
that they never lift a thought above the pres
ent state of being, and even have very low and
inadequate views of what may be rightfully
considered real happiness in this life: for the
chief inrfuiry is, what shall we eat? what shall
we drink T and wherewithal shall we be clothed T
rather than how shall we live, how shall we
act, and how shall we feel, so as to secure the
mpst unalloyed happiness in this life and the
life to come 1
In the language of another, " the great ma
jority of the American people regard education
as a valuable piece of machinery. It is the
machinery of factories and railroads, only in a
more dignified form. It is a commercial thing,
appreciated in accordance with the laws of
trade. Nine-tenths of our population neer
think of education in any other light than as
a chief auxiliary to worldly success. Educa
tion is represented as a cheap defence of ra
tions; as a silent, unarmed, universal police,
that preserves the order und security of society."
Now, while it is a fact, that a good education
will secure these temporal advantages, even
more surely than very many men of rigid
worldly policy have eter conceited, there is yet
a higher and nobler view to be taken of it.
Education has a more particular reference to
the spiritual and the immortal part of our
It is the proper development and trainipg of
immortal beings in this transitory state, so that
they may be prepared for an endless future,
where the gross pleasures of this world can
How short-sighted and fatally mistaken, then,
are those who see no advantages in education,
unless it will administer to our physical neces
sities and our temporal gratifications.
That education is not whnt it should be,
which does not bear directly upon the great
future, and tend to develop and train the intel
lectual and spiritual powers, not simply to enable
the possessor to acquire more wealth, and the
means for physical enjoyment, but to perform
properly those high and holy duties which re
sult from the relation we sustain to our Maker,
as well as to our fellow beings.
to be continued.
Presbtterun Synod or 8ouin Caroi in a.
The Presbyterian Synod of South Carolina, on
Saturday, disposed of the secession question by
adopting unanimously tho report of the com
mittee of nine, to whom it was referred. The
report concludes as follows :
" We have an humble and abiding confidence
that that God whose truth we represent in this
conflict will be with us, and exhorting our
churches and people to put their trust in God,
and go forward in the solemn path of duty which
his Providence opens before them, we, minis
ters and elders of the Presbyterian church in
South Carolina Svnod assembled, would rir.
them our benediction, and also the assurauce
that we shall fervently and unceasingly implore
for them the care and protection of Almighty
God." 6 '
TlIE COSIINO COXVEMIOXS AXD EXTRA SES
SIONS or tiie Southern Leuislatcreb. On
Wednesday,the election of delegates to the State
Convention took place in 8outh Carolina : on
the 10th instant, the Legislature of Louisiana
will convene in extra session at Baton Rouge :
on the 17th, the South Carolina Convention will
meet at Charleston ; on the 2 3th, delegates will
be chosen to the State Convention of Alabama :
on the 2d of January, delegates will be elected
to the State Convention of Georgia ; on the 3d,
the Florida Convention will meet; on the 7th,
the Alabama Convention, the called session of
the Virginia Legislature, and the Convention of
Slissisaipp , will meet ; and on the II lb, the Geor
gia State Convention will be held.
Col. Foster, the head of the laDd department
of the Illinois Central Hailroad Company, csti
mates the wheat crop of Illinois this year at
not less than 25,000,000 bushels. At a low
estimate, the corn crop of Illinois will amount
to 110,000,000 bushels worth $25,000,000, at
least, to the producers being of wheat and
corn more than ten times the quantity pro
duced by the whole of New England.
John Bell and Lincoln's Cahinit. The
Nashville Patriot says that a rumor has been
put in circulation that Mr. Bell has been ten
dered a position in the Cabinet of the President
elect, Hon. Abraham Lincoln. It is authorized
to say that the rumor is entirely destitute of
foundation. No such tender has been made,
either directly or indirectly.
A Naue for the Southern- Republic. A
communication in the Charleston Mercury, al
luding to the subject of an appropriate name
for the new Government, says :
"I would suggest that the new Confederacy
be called Wiuhinijloma. in honor of the South
erner, slaveholder, and secessionist, Glukue
Wasiiimiton, of Mount Vernon."
No Fourth or July. A bill was submitted
on Thursday, in the Legislature of Boutb Car
olina, providing holidays to be observed there
after in the State on June 28, the anniversary
of the battle of Fort Moultne, Good Fndav.
Christmas, the first day of Jannary, Thanks
giving, and Fast Days, omitting the Fourth of
A JIcssun Newsi-ater Heoulation. A
new article has just been added to the Russian
code of censorship, in virtue of which the edit
ors of a)l newspapers and periodicals will be
compelled to Insert gratis the replies of par
ties' -whom they-may.bave attacked in their
It iV'sald'the printing paper ased in the
London Timet office annually costs (735,000.
NATIONAL REPUBLICAN ASSOCIA-
B. B. French, President
J. J Coombs, First Vice President
Martin Buell, Second Vice President
Lewis Clephane, Secretary.
Woodford Stone, Treasurer.
John Hlnes, G. II. Plant, Job W. Angus, J.
F. Hodgson, James Lynch, G R. Wilson,
and Henry M. Knight, Executive Committee.
Meets at the Wigwam, corner of Indiana
avenue and Second street, every Thursday
REPUBLICAN ASSOCIATION OF TIIE
J. J. Coombs, President.
(1. A. Hall, First Vice President
A. Duvall, Second Vice President
J. C. Clary, Secretary.
Martin Buell, Treasurer.
GERMAN REPUBLICAN ASSOCIATION.
W. Krzyzanowski, President
Dr. Briegleb, First Vice President
G. Dilli, Second Vice President
Joseph Gerhard, Secretary.
John Lcrch, Treasurer.
Meets at Gerhard's Gcrmania, every Tues
day night, at eight o'clock.
REPUBLICAN ASSOCIATION OF THE
t FIFTH AND SIXTH WARDS.
S. A. McKim, President
George A. Bassctt, First Vice President
George R. Ruff, Second Vice President
Charles Sleigh, Recording Secretary.
J.L. Ucnshaw, Corresponding Secretary.
William Dixon, Financial Secretary.
John Grinder, Treasurer.
Meets every Tuesday evening, at Odd Fel
lows' Hall, Navy Yard.
REPUBLICAN ASSOCIATION OF THE
Theodore Wheeler, President
Edward Lycett, First Vice President.
A. Edson, S cond Vice President.
William J. Murtagh, Secretary.
William Hendlcy, Treasurer.
J. R. Elvans, J. Dillon, G. W. Garrett Wil
liam Martin, G. H. Larcombe, and G. B. Clark,
Meets at Island Hall, (third story,) corner
of Virginia avenue and Sixth street, every
Wednesday e ening, at half past seven o'clock.
GEORGETOWN REPUBLICAN ASSOCI
John S. Paxton, President
W. W. McNeir, First Vice President.
J. W. Deeblc, Second Vice President
II. G. Divine, Cor. and Kec. Secretary.
Jesse Chick, Treasurer.
WIDE-AWAKES OF THE DISTRICT OF
Lewis Clephnne, President
George U. Plant, Vice President
A. C. Richards, Secretary.
Henry M. Knight, Captain.
M. Smith, First Lieutenant
K. M. Downer, Second Lieutenant
Meets at the Wigwam every Monday even
ing. LADD, WEBSTER, & CO.'S
IMPROVED TIGHT-STITCH SEWING
A few of the many reasons why these Sewing
Machines are preferred aloce all others.
1. They are remarkably tirnpU in their con
struction. A child can operate them, and
understand the mechanism.
2. They are the strongest Sewing Machine
made. It is almost impossible to break or get
them out of order.
3. Tbey are sure In their operation; finishing
the work in a uniformly perfect manner.
4. They make a tight lock-stitch, alike on both
ides of the work, which cannot bt'unratelled.
5. They ititch, htm, bind, ell, run, and gather,
G. They sew equally well the lightut and the
7. They sew over tho heaviest seams without
changing the tension or breaking the finest
8. They use any No., of Cotton, Thread, or
Silk, directly from the spool.
9. They use a straight needle; curved ones
are liable to break.
10. The needle has a perpendicular motion.
This is absolutely necessary for heavy work.
11. They have a wheel ted; none others are
in constant contact with the work.
12. Tbey run easily and almost noiseless.
1 J. They are not liable to oil the dress of the
14. They do not require a screw.drlver to set
15. They do not have to be taken apart to oil
10. They do not form ridges on the under side
of the work, nor ravel out, nor are they waste
ful of thread, as is the case with all chain-stitch
17. They aro capable of doing a greater range
of work, and in a more perfect manner, than any
other Sewing Machine, as Is proved by the result
of our challenge for a trial, which has never been
LADD, WEBSTER, k CO.,
348 Pennsylvania avenue,
nov 28 Janney's Store.
Rooms to let, with or without Board.
ATPLY to Mrs. HARRIS, 483 Tenth, between
D and E streets, who has one very fine par
lor and chamber.
Also, several small rooms. Charges moder
ate, nov 26
Fine Family Groceries, Teas, &c.
Ray's, Welch's, and Bond's Family Flour.
New Virginia and Pennsylvania Buckwheat.
Fresh Corn Meal.
Choice Goshen Dutter.
Prime Leaf Lard.
Choice Green and Black Teas.
New Sugar-cured Family Uams.
Just received and for sale low by
BROWNING A KKATJNG,
353 Penn. avenue, near Siitb street
Corner of Indiana acenue and Second street,
Washington, V. C.
BOOK8, Pamphlets, Wood Engravings, and
Jobs of all kinds, Stereotyped to order. A
variety of Basinets Cuts on hand, for tale, cheap
for cash. O. W. MURRAY, Stereotypes
Organization of the Departments.
Tho whole machinery employed to conduct the
business arising out of ( v.r foreign relations with
all the Powers of the world Is far more simple
tban Is generally conceived. The number em
ployed la the Department of State of the United
Slates Is only twentyrelght,aa follows: One Sec
retary of State, (Hon. Lewis Cats,) one Assistant
Secretary of State,(Hon. John Appleton,) one
Chief Clerk, one Superintendent of Statistics,
twenty-two Clerks, one Translator, and one Li
brarian. Diplomatic Branch. This branch of the State
Department has charge of all correspondence
between the Department and other diplomatic
agents of the Unite States abroad, and those of
foreign Powers accredited to this Government
In it all diplomatic instructions sent from the
Department, and communications to commission
ers under treaties cf boundsrles, Ac, are pre
pared, copied, and recorded ; and all of like char
aiter received are registered and filed, their con
tents being first entered In an analytic table or
Contular Branch. This branch has charge of
the correspondence, 4c, between the Department
and the contuls and commercial agents of the
United States. In it Instructions to tcoteofficers.
and answers to their dispatches and to letters
from other persons asking for consular agency,
or relating to consular affairs, are prepared and
The Ditburiing Agent. He has charge of all
correspondence and other matters connected with
accounts relating to any fund with the disburse
ment of which the Department Is charged.
The Translator. Ills duties are to furnish such
translations as the Department may require. lie
also records the commissions of consuls and vice
consult, when not In English, upon which exe
quaturs are issued.
Clerk of Appointments and Commissions. fib
makes out and records commissions, letters of
appointment, and nominations to the Senate;
makes out and records exequaturs, and lecorls,
when in English, the commissions on which they
are Issued. Has charge of the library.
Clerk of thr Rolls and Archives He takes charge
cf the rolls, or enrolled acts and resolutions of
Congress, as they are received at the Department
from the President; prepares the authenticated
copies thereof which are called fjr; prepares for,
and superintends their publication, and that of
treaties, In the newspapers and in book form;
attends to their distribution throughout the
United States, and that of all document and pub
lications in regsrd to which this duty is assigned
to the Department; writing and answering all
letters connected therewith. ' Has charge ot all
Indian treaties, and business relating thereto.
Cltrk of Territorial Business The Seal of the
Department, Jc. He has charge of the seals of
the United States and of the Department, and
prepares and atfehes certificates to papers pre
sented for authentication; has charge of the Ter
ritorial business ; immigration and registered sea
men ; records all letters from the Department,
other than the diplomatic and consular.
Cierk of Pardons and Passports He prepares
and records pardons and remissions; and regis
ters and files the petitions and papers on which
they are founded. Makes out and records pass
ports; kjeps a daily register of all letters, other
tban diplomatic and consular, received, and of
the disposition made of them; prepares letters
relating to this business.
Superintendent of Statistics He superintends
the preparathn of the " Annnal Report of the
Secretary of State and Foreign Commerce," as
required by the acts of 1842 and 185G.
ATTORNEY GENERAL'S OFFICE.
non. Jeremiah S. Black, Attorney General of
the United States ; A. B. McCalmont, Esq., Assist.
ant. The ordinary business of this office, may be
classified under the following beads :
1. Official opinions on the current business of
the Government, as called for by the President,
by any head of Department, or by the Solicitor
of the Treasury.
2. Examination of the titles of all land pur
chased, as the sites of arsenals, custom-houses,
light-houses, and all other public works of the
3. Applications for pardons in all cases of con
viction in the courts of the United States.
4. Applications lor appointment in all the ju
dicial and legal business of the Government
5. The conduct and argument of all suits in
the Supreme Court of the United States In which
the Government is concerned.
6 The tupervision of all other suits arising in
any of the Departments, vsben referred by the
head thereof to the Attorney General.
To these ordinary beads of the business of the
office is added at the present time the direction
of all appeals on land claims in California
Secretary of the Department of the Interior,
non. Jacob Thompson, of the State of Missis
sippi. Its clerical force consists of; one Chief
Clerk, (Moses Ktlly.Esq ,) two Disbursing Clerks,
and ten other regular Clerks ; and to its super
vision and management are committed the fol
lowing branches of the public srrvlce:
lit. The Public Lands. the chief of this bu
reau Is called the Commissioner of the General
Land Office. The L.tnd Ttitrnn Tiarr.t wi.i.
tliA Rlirrf-v. min.r.nitnl -n1 ..I. r v. ..li..
. .j , ........., HU caio ui uo JJUU11C
domain, and the Issuingof titles therefor, whether
derived from confirmations of grants made by
icrmer uoverumeau, oy sties, aonatlons, of
grants for schools, military bounties, or public
Improvements, and likewise the revision of Vir-
rvlnld will ilarii linnnlit 1 i 1 1 I. .1 a I t
"" "'-i-'j uuuuij-iauu tiauus, anu me issu
ing of scrip in lieu thereof. The Land Office,
also, audits its own accounts. The present Com
missioner is Joseph S. Wilson. Its principal
officers are a Recorder, Chief Clerk, who alto
acts as Comm'ssloner ad interim, Principal Clerk
of Surveys, besides a Draughtsman, Assistant
Draughtsman, and some 100 Clerks of various
2d. Pensions The present head of this bureau
is George O. Whiting, of Virginia. The Com
missioner Is charged with tho examlnat'on and
adjudication of all claims arising under the va
rious and numerous laws pasted by Congress
granting bounty land or pensions for the mill
tary or naval services in the revolutionary and
lubsequent Wars In which the United States have
been engaged. He has one Chief Clerk, (John
Uobb, Esq ,) and a permanent corps, consisting
of sprae seventy other Clerks.
3d. Indians. Commissioner of Indian Affairs
A. B. Greenwood, of Arkansas. He is provided
with a Chief O'erk, and about fifteen other sub
4th. Patent Office Tlon. Philip F. Thomas; of
Maryland, Commissioner of Patents. To this
bureau is committed the execution and perform
ance of all " a:ts and things touching and re
specting the granting and Issuing of patents for
new and useful discoveries, Inventions, and im
proverasn's;" the collection of statistics rela
ilDg to agriculture; the collection and dlstribu
tlon of seids, plants, and cuttlngt. It has s
Chief Clerk who is by law the acting Commis
sioner of Patents in the absence of the Commis
sioner twelve principal and twelve assistant
Eiaminers of Patents, some doien subordinate
permanent Clerks, besides a consld-rable num
ber of temporary employees. Samuel T. Shu.
gert, Esq., Chief Clerk.
An act passed at the last settlon of Congrett
provided that all books, maps, charts, and other
publications, heretofore deposited in the De
partment of State, according to the laws regula
ting copyrights, should be removed to the De
partment of the Interior, which it charged with
all the duties connected with matters pertaining
to copyright ; which duties have been assigned
by the Secretary of the Interior to the Patent Of
fice, as belonging most appropriately to this
branch of the service.
Besld s these four principal branches of this
new Executive Department, the organic act of
1840 transferred to It from the Treasury Depart
ment the supervision of the accounts of the Uni
ted States Marskals a d Attorneys, and the
Clerks of the United States Courts, the manage
ment of the lead and other mines of the United
States, atd the affairs of the penitentiary of the
United States in the District of Columbia; and
from the State Department tbe duty of taking
ana returning tne centutct oi me unl ed states,
and of supervising and directing the acts of the
Commissioner of Public Buildings. The Hospi
tal for the Insane of the army and navy and of
the District of Columbia is also under the man
agement of this Department; in addition to
which, by laws recently passed, the Secretary of
the Interior is charged with the construction of
the three wagon roads leading to the Pacific
Underact of February 5, 1859, "providing for
keeping and dls'rlhutlng all public documents,
all the books, documenis, Ac, printed or pur
chased by the Government," the Annals of Con
gress, American State Papers, American Ar
ch ves, Jefferson's and Adams's Works, are
transferred to this Department from the fcUte
Department, Library of Connress, and elsewhere ;
also, the Journals nnd Documents of the Thirty
fifth Congress. These valuable works are dis
tributed to those who are by law entitled to re
ceive them, and to such " colleges, public libe
ries, athemeums, literary and scientific Institu
tions, boards of trade, or public sssoclatlons,"
as shall be designated by the members of Con
The Department requires an additional build
ing for its accommodation, and the erection of
one has been repeatedly recommended during
the last few years for that purpose. At present,
the Pension Office Is provided with rooms in what
Is known as " Winder's Building," while the
other branches of the Department, Including the
Secretary's office, are all crowded into the Patent
Office building, the whole of which will be re
quired at an early day tor the use of tho Patent
Office, for which it was originally Intended.
The Treasury Department consists of the offi
ces of the Secretary of the Treasury, twoComp
tro'lers, Commissioner or tbe Customs, six Au
ditors, Treasurer, Register, Solicitor, Light-house
Board, and Coast Survey.
The following is a brier Indication of the duties
of these several offices, and of tbeforce employed
tucreiu, respectively :
Secretary's OJJice non. Howell Cobb, Secre
tary of the Treasury; Hon. Philip Clayton, Assist
ant Secretary; one Engineer In Charge; one
Architect, and three Draughtsmen temporarily
employed, and twenty-three Clerks. The Secre-"
tary of the Treasury is charged with the general
supervision of the fiscal transactions of the Gov
ernment, and of the execution of the laws con
cerning the commerce and navigation of the
United States, lie superintends the survey of
me cuhei, me rgui-nouse esiaDiisument, the ma
rine hospitals ot the United States, and the con
struction of certain public buildings for custom-'
bouses and other purposes.
First Comptroller's Office. Hon. William Me
dill, Comptroller, and fifteen Clerks. He pre
scribes the mode of keeping and rendering ac
counts for tbe civil and diplomatic service, as
well as the public lands, and revises and certifies
tbe balances arising thereon.
Second Comptroller's Office. J. M. Cutis, Esq.,
Comptroller, and seventeen Clerks. He prescribes
tbe mode of keeping and rendering the accounts
of tho Army, Navy, and Indian departments of
the public service, and revises and certifies the
balances arising thereon.
Office of Commissioner of Customs. Samuel
Ingbam, Esq., Commissioner, and eleven Clerks.
He prescribes the mode of keeping and rendering
the accounts of the customs, revenue, and dis
bursements, and for the building and repairing
custom-houses, Ac, and revises and certifies the
balances arising thereon. ,
First Auditor's Office. Thomas L. Smith, Esq.,
First Auditor, and nineteen Clerks. lie receives
and adjusts the accounts of the customs revenue
and disbursements, appropriations and expend
itures on account of the civil list, nnd under
private acts of Congrest, and reports the balances
to the Commissioner of the Customs and the
First Comptroller, respectively, for their decision
Second Auditor's Office. Thomas J. D. Fuller,
Second Auditor, and twenty-one Clerks. lie re
ceive! and adjusts all accounts relating to the
pay, clothing, and recruiting of the army, as well
as armories, arsenals, and ordnance, and all ac
counts relating to the Indian department, and
reports the balances to tbe Second Comptroller,
for his decision thereon.
Third Auditor's Office. Robert J. Atkinton,
r.sq., iniru Auoiwr, anu seveniy-eigni Clerks.
He receives and adjusts all accounts for subsist
ence of tbe army, fortifications, Military Acad
emy, military roads, and the Quartermaster's de
partment, as well as for pensions, claims arising
from military services previous to 1816, and for
ho ses and other property lost in the military
service, under various acts of Congress, and re
ports the balances to the Second Comptroller, for
his decision thereon.
Fourth Auditor's Office. A. J. O'Bannon, Esq ,
Fourth Auditor, and sixteen Clerks. He receives
and adjusts all accounts for the service of the
Navr Department, and reports the balances to
tbe Second Comptroller, for his decision thereon.
Ffth Auditor's Office. Bartholomew Fuller,
Esq., Fifth Auditor, and six Clerks. He re
ceives and adjusts all accounts for diplomatic
and similar services performed under tbe direc
tion of the State Department, und reports the
balances to the First Comptroller, for his decision
Sixth Auditor's Office. Vt. Thomas M. Tate,
Auditor of the Treasury for tho Post Office De
partment, and one hundred and fourteen Clerks,
lie receives and adjusts allccounts arising from
tbe service of the Post Office Department. His
decisions are final, unless an appeal be taken in
twelve months to the First Coniotroller. He
superintends the collection of all debts due the
Post Office Department, and all penalties and
forfeitures Imposed on postmasters and mail con
tractors for failing to do their duty ; he directs
suits nnd legal proceedings, civil and criminal,
nnd takes all such measures as may be author
lied by law to enforce tbe prompt payment of
moneys due to tbe Department; Instructing Unl.
ted States attorneys, marshals, and clerks, on all
matters relating thereto; and receives returns
from each term of the United States courts, of the
condition and progress of such suits and legal
proceedings: has charge of all lands and other
property assigned to the United States In pay
ment of debts due the Post Office Department,
and has power to sajl nnd dispose of the same
for the benefit of the United Slates.
7YMurJi Office. Samuel Casey, Esq , Treas
urer, and thirteen Clerks. He receives and keeps
the moneys of the United States In his own
office, and that-of the depositories created by the
act of the Gib of August, 1846, and pays out tho
same upon warrants drawn by the Hecrelary of
the Treasury, countersigned by the First Comp
troller, and upon warrants drawn by the Post
master General, and countersigned by the Sixth
Auditor, and recorded by the Register. He also
holds public moneys advanced by warrant to
disbursing officers, and pays out tbe same upon
Register's Office Finley Bigger, Esq., Register,
and twenty-nine Clerks. He keeps the accounts
of public receipts and expenditures; receives
tbe returns and makes out the official statement
of commerce and navigation of the United States;
and receives from tbe First Comptroller and
Commissioner of Customs nil accounts and
vouchers decided by them, and Is charged by
law with their safe keeping.
Solicitor' sOffice. Hon. Junius Hlllyer, Solicitor,
and six Clerks. He superintends all civil suits
commenced by tbe United States, (except those
arising in the Post Office Department,) and Instructs
the United States attorneys, marshals, and
clerks, In all matters relating to them and their
results. He receives returns from each term of
the United States courts, showing the progress
and condition of such suits : has charge of all
lands and other property assigned to the United
Slates In payment of debts, (except those assigned
in paymenLof debts due the Post Office Department,)
and has power to sell nnd dispose of the same
for the benefit of the United States.
Liyht-Ilouse Board Hon. Ilowell Cobb, Sec
retary of the Treatury, tz-ojfieio President; Com.
W. B. Shubrlck, United Stales Navy, Chairman;
Commander E. G. Tllton, United States Navy ;
Major A. II. Bowman, Corps of Engineers, Uni
ted States Army ; Capt A. A. Humphreys, Corps
Topographical Engineers, United States Army;
Prof. Joseph Henry, Secretary of the Smith
sonian Institution ; Prof. A. D. Bache, Super
intendent of the Coast Survey ; Commander Ra
phael Semmes, United States Navy, and Captain
W. F. Smith, Corps Topographical Engineers,
United States Army, members, the last two being
also Secretaries ; and live Clerks. This board
directs the building and repairing of light
houses, light-vessels, beacons, and buoys, con
tracts for supplies, and governs tbe personnel of
United States Coast Surrey. Professor A. D.
Bache, LL. D., Superintendent, and Superintend
ent of Weights and Measures.
Capt. William R, Palmer, Corps Topographical
Engineers, United States Army, In charge of the
Coast Survey Office ; Lieut A. P. Hill, United
States Army, Assistant
Assistant W. P. Trowbridge, computer of
Assistant Chas. A. Schott, In charge of com
Assistant L. F. Pourtales, In charge of tidal
Lieut. Thomas Wilson. United States Army,
In charge of drawing division.
Mr. Edward Wharton, acting In charge of en
Lieut. John R. Smead, United States Army, In
charge of miscellaneous divisions.
Samuel neln, Disbursing Agent
George Mathiot, Electrotyplst
Joseph Saxton, Assistant to Superintendent of
Weights and Measures.
POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT.
Hon. Joseph Holt, Postmaster General. The
direction and management of the PostOffico De
partment are assigned by the Constitution and
laws to tbe Postmaster General. That Its busi
ness may bo the more conveniently arranged and
n.ana.a f. l.t fl.1 --.!. f. I- .1.... . .
r,irii' ' "o nun, utuun, n is uisiriDUtea
among several bureaus, as follows: The Ap
pointment Office, in charge of tbe First Assistant
Postmaster General; the Contract Office, In
charge of the Second Assistant Postmaster Gen
eral ; the Finance Office, in charge of the Third
Assistant Postmaster General ; and the Inspec
tion Office, In charge of the Chief Clerk.
Appointment Office. Horatio King, Esq., First
Assistant Postmaster General, 'and nineleen
Clerks. To this office are assigned all questions
which relate to the establishment and dlscon
tinuance of post offices, changes of sites and
names, appointment and removal of postmasters
and route and local agents, as also the giving
of instructions to postmasters. Postmasters are
furnished with marking and rating stamps and
letter balances by this bureau, which Is charged
also with providing blanks and stationery for
the use of the Department, and with the superin
tendence of the several agencies established for
supplying postmasters with blanks. To this
bureau Is likewise assigned the supervision of
tbe ocean mail steamship lines, and of the foreign
and International postal arrangements.
Contract Office William H. Dundas, Esq,
Second Assistant Postmaster General, nnd twenty-six
clerks. To this office is assigned the
business of arranging tbe mail service of tbe
"""" uioico, ma pmcing me same nnaer con
tract, embracing all correspondence and proceed
ings respecting the frequency of trips, mode of
conveyance, and times of departures and arri
vals on all tbe routes; the course of the mall
between the different sections of the country,
the points of mail distribution, and tbe regula
tions for the government of the domestle mail
service of the United States. It prepares the
advertisements for mall proposals, receive! the
bids, and takes charge of the annual and occa
sional mail letting, and the adjustment and exe
cution of tbe contracts. All applications for
the establishment or alteration of mail arrange
ments, and the appointment of Mall Messengers,
should be sent to this office. All claims should
be submitted to It for transportation service not
under contract, as tbe recognition of said service
is first to be obtained through the Contract
Office, as a necessary authority for the proper
credits at the Auditor's Office. From this office
all postmasters at the ends of routes receive the
statement of mall arrangements prescribed for
the respective routes. It reports weekly to the
Auditor all contracts executed, and all orders
affecting accounts for mail transportation ; pre
pares the statistical eibiblts of the mall service,
and the reports of the mail lettings, giving a
statement ot each bid ; also, of the contracts
made, the new service originated, the curtail
ments ordered, and tbe additional allowances
granted wilbin the year.
Finance Office. A. N. Zevely, Esq , Third As
sistant Postmaster General, and twenty-one
clerks. To this office are assigned the supervis
ion and management of tbe financial business
of the Denartment. nnt H..nlv.j k i.
tbe Auditor, embracing accounts with the draft
offices and other depositaries of the Department,
the Issuing of warrants and drafts Inpayment
of balances reported by the Auditor to be due to
mall contractors and other persons, the supervis
ion of the accounts of offices under orders to
deposit their quarterly balances at deslgna'cd
points, and the superintendence of the rendition
by postmasters of their quarterly returns of
postages. It has charge of the Dead-Letter
Office, of tbe Issuing of postage stamps and
stamped envelopes for the pre-payment of post
age, and of the accounts connected therewith.
To the Third Assistant Postmaster General all
postmasters should direct their quarterly returns
of postage; those at draft offices, their letters
reporting quarterly the net proceeds of their
offices; and those at depositing offices, their cer
lificatcs of deposit ; to him should also be di
rected the weekly and monthly returns of the
depositaries of the Department, as well as all
applications and receipts for postage stamps and
stamped envelopes, and for dead letters.
Inspection Office. Benj. N. Clements, Esq.,
Chief Clerk, nnd seventeen clerks. To this office
is assigned tbe duty of receiving nnd examining
tbe registers of tbe arrival! and departures of
tbe mails, certificates of the service of route
agents, and reports of mall failures ; of noting
the delinquencies of contractors, and preparing
cases thereon for tbe action of tbe Postmaster
General; furnishing blanks for mall registers,
and reports of mail failures; providing and
sending out mall bags and mall Jocks und keys,
and doing all other things which may bo neces
sary to secure a fultblul und exact performance
of all mail contracts.
All cases of mall depredation, of violation of
law by private expresses, or by the forging or
Illegal use of postage stam-s, are under the su
pervision of this office, and should be reported
All communications respecting lost money,
letters, mall ilepredaUont, or other violations of
law, or mall locks and keys, should be directed
"Chief Clerk, Pott Office Department" '
All registers of the arrivals and departures of
the malls, certificate of the service of route
agents, reports of mall failures, applications for
blank reghterf, and reports of failures, and all
complaints against contractors for irregular or
imperfect service, should be directed, "Inspection
Office, Post Office Department"
The Navy Department consists of the Navy
Department proper, being the office of the Sec
retary and of five bureaus attached thereto, vis i
Bureau of Navy Yards and Docks, Bureau of
Conitruetion, Equipment, and Repair, Bureau of
Provltlont and Clothing, Bureiu of Ordnance
and Hydrography, and the Bureau of Medicine
The following It a statement of the duties of
each of these offices, and of the force employed
Secretary's Office. Hon. Isaac Touccy, Secre
tary of tbe Navy; Charles W. Welsh, Esq.,
Chief Clerk, and eleven Clerks. The Secretary
or the Navy has charge of everything connected
with the naval establishment and the execution
of all laws relating therelo'ls Intrusted to him,
und-r the geoeral direction of the President' of
the United State, who, by the Constitution, Is
Commander-in-chief of the Army arid Navy,
All Instructions to commanders of squadrons
and commanders of vessels, all orders of officers,
commissions of officers both In the navy and
marine corps, appointments of commissioned
and warrant officers, orders for the enlistment
and discharge of teamen, emanate from the SedV
retary'a Office. jVII the duties of tbe different '
bureaus are perform'd under tbe authority pf
the Secretary, and their orders are considered j
as emanating from him. The general superfn- ,
tendence of the marine corps formi bIsoj, nart- f
of tho duties of the Secretary, and all the orders
of the commandant of that corps should be an
proved by him. fVT 1
Bureau of Navy Yards and Docks. Oommo-
dore Joseph Smith, Chief of the Bureau;four' ,
Clerks.ono Civil Englneer,and one Draughtsman
All the navy yards, docks, and wharves, build
ings and machinery In navy yards, and every
thing immediately connected with them, are
under the superintendence of this bureau. It Is
also charged with the management of the Naval '
Bureau of Construction. Eauitmenl. nnd Pi.
pair. John Lenthall, Esq., Chief of the Bureau. '
.Su,vl.inhaiiuifiii: LT&uguisman. ineotnce
of the Englneer-ln-chlef of the Navy, Samuel
Archbold, Esq , is attached to thtt bureau, who
it assisted by three assistant engineers. This
bureau has charge of the building and repairs of -all
vessels of war, purchase of materials, and the
providing of all vessels with their equipments,
as sails, anchors, water tanks, Ac. The Engl-neer-in-chief
superintends the construction of
all marine steam engines for the navy, and, with
the approval of tbe Secretary, decides upon plans
for their construction.
Bureau of Provisions and Clothing. H. Bridge,
Purser United Rfnlaa tfavv PMaf f n... I
four Clerks. All provisions for the use of the
navy, and clothing, together with the making of
contracts for furnishing the same, come under
the charge of this bureau.
Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography, Capt.
Duncan Ingrabam, Chief of Bureau, four Clerks,
and one Draughtsman. This bureau has charge
of all ordnance and ordnance stores, the manu
facture or purchase of cannon, guns, powder,
shot, shells, ic, and the equipment of vessels
of war, with everything connected therewith. It
also provides them with maps, charts, chronom
eters, barometers, Ac., together with such books
as are furnished ships of war. "The United
States Naval Observatory and nydrographical
Office" at Washington, and the Naval Academy
at Annapolis, are also under the general super
intendence of the Chief of this Bureau.
Bureau of Medicine and Surgery v Dr. William
Whelan, Surgeon United States Navy, Chief of
Bureau ; one Pasted Assistant Surgeon United
Statet Navy, and two Clerks. Everything rela
ting to medicines and medical stores, treatment
of sick and wounded, and management of hos
pitals, comes within the superintendence of this
Don. J. B. Floyd, Secretary of War, W. R.
Drlnkard, Chief Clerk, seven Clerks, two Mes-
sengers, and one Laborer. The following bu
reaus are attached to this Department.
Commanding General's Office. This office, at
the head of which is Lieutenant General Scott,
is at New York. '
Adjutant Generals Office. Col. Samuel Co'op.
er, Adjutant General. Assistants Major E. D.
Townsend, Major W. A. Nichols, Capt. S. Wil
liams, and Capt. J. P. Garesche; Judge Advo
cate, Major John F. Lee; ten Clerks and one
Messenger. In this office are kept all the records
which refer to tbe personnel of the army, the
rolls, Ac. It is here that all military commis
sions are made out.
Quartermaster General's Office. Brevet Major
General T. S. Jesup, Quartermaster General.
Assistants Major E. S. Sibley, Brevet Major II.
O. Wayne, and Brevet Major J. Belger ; eleven
Clerks and one Messenger.
Paymaster Generals Office. Col. B. F. Lamed,
Paymaster General, Lieut. Col. T. P. Andrews,
District Paymaster; seven Clerks and one Mes
senger. Commissary OeneraTs Office. General George
Gibson, Commissary General ; Assistant, Capt
A. E. Shlrasj.slx Clerks and one Messenger.
Surgeon Central's Office. Gen. Thomas Law
son, Surgeon General ; Assistant, Dr. R. C. Wood ;
three Clerks and one Messenger.
Engineer Office. Gen. Joseph G. Totten, Chief
...... , ..as,B.aull vnj,i,aiu ii. u. tvngui; nve
tlerks and one Messenger.
Topographical Bureau Col. J. J. Abert, Colo
nel of the Corps ; Assistant, Capt. I. C. Wood
ruff; five Clerks and one Messenger.
Ordnance Bureau. Co. H. K. Craig, Colonel
or Ordnance ; Assistant, Capt. William Mayna
dler; eight Clerks and one Messenger,
BOOT AND SHOE MANUFACTORY.
THE subscriber has the pleasure of informing
his friends and former customers that be is
engaged In the Boot and Shoe manufacturing
business, with an entire new stock, such as
Melies' French Shoes, Gaiters, Slippers, Pumps,
Ac, with a superior stock of Lemoines' French
Oalf-skins, and all other materials for the manu
facture of Gentlemen's fine Boots and Shoes, pur
chased for Cash, and will be made up by the
best workmen, and sold at the Lowest Cash
Prices, for Cashonly.
To my former patrons, It Is useless to say any
thing of my qualifications for the business I have
again embarked In. To them, and the publio
generally, I will only say, I can at all times be
found at home, and ready to wait on Ibem. Tbe
one-price rule will be strictly adhered to. Glre
me a call. JOHN MILLS, Agent,
Fashionable Boot and Shoe-maker, No.
604 Pennsylvania avenue, between the
St. Charles Hotel and Adams's Ex
press Office, formerly under Brown's
P. S. 1 have no Interest In, or connection with,
any other store tban the one I am In, No. 504
Pennsylvania avenue. J. M.
GOSnEN BUTTER AND CHEESE.
I WILL have In store In n day or two Choice
GOSHEN BUTTER and CHEESE, of as fine
quality as can be had, to which I invite the at
tention of purchasers.
JESSE B. WILSON,
327 Pa. av., between Sixth and Seventh
nov 26 streets, south side.