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VIRGINIA THE WHIQ.
The Richmond Whig presents tho point
strongly, that secession, as proposed by South
Carojina, is no remedy for alleged Southern
grievances, bat a cowardly running away, and
abandonment of alt the public property and ail
the Territories to the North. The ICAtjfsays:
" It Is not our purpose at present to euter
into any elaboration of our views in reference
to the pending crisis, but only to hint at them
in a very brief manner. In the first place,
then, wo are for exhausting all rational and
honorable expedients for obtaining a redress
of Southern grievances in tho Union, before1
taking up our hit and walking out of the
Union, To this end we are for a State Con
vention for a Convention of the Southern
States and for a general Convention of all tho
States. And if, through the instrumentality of
these various Conventions, we cannot effect an
adjustment of the differences and difficulties
existing between the North and the South,
then we are in favor, not of accession, but of
separation upon fair and just terms, to be ar
ranged by the aforesaid Contention of all tho
" In the terms of separation, if no adjustment
can be had, and separation must come, we shall
demand a fair and equitable division of all the
property of the United States, including, of
course, the South's just proportion of the army
and navy. If such division of the army and
navy, and of all the public property of the Uni
ted States, including likewise the publia domain,
should be 'refused us by the Northern States,
then we shall be in favor neither of peaceable
secession nor of peaceable separation, but of
immediate war, and war to the knife, and war
to the ' bitter end.'
"Such is our programme and such our policy,
in general terms; and such, wo trut,.will be
the programme and policy of Virginia and the
people of Virginia, and also of nil the South
ern Slates, without exception. As to the thing
you call peaceable secession sue b secesioll as
South Carolina and other Southern States are
preparing for we consider it unmanly and
cowardly in the highest degree. Instead of in
volving a demand for and a defence of our
rights, it U ruuning away from our rights, and
a running away from duty, nnd u running away
from responsibility. It is a remedy fur noth-
iug it is alike n base abandonment of our
rights and a compromise of our honor.
" And yet, our sister Slates of the extreme
South, and many persons ill our own and other
bonier States, seem to consider it a great point
gained a mighty triumph achieved if they
can only be graciously allowed by the North to
jieaceably secede, leaving all their valuable
rights in the army and the navy and the public
properly behind them I As for ourselves, we
ask no such miserable and disgraceful boon at
the hands of the Northern States. We ask of
them no boon at all. liut we demand of the
North, whether wo slay in the Union or go out
of it, our rights and all our rights, political or
pecuniary, down to the last atom or the last
" We mean to run away from none of them.
We intend to secede from none of them. On
the contrary, if it comes to the worst, and
separation becomes inevitable, we mean to take
all our rights along with us, peaceably if we
can, forcibly if we must. Never, nerer, will we
consent to a peaceable secession of Virginia
from the Northern States, unless the Northern
States themselves consent to a fair and equi
table division of every particle of public proper
ty now belonging to the United States. If
South Carolina and the other Gulf States are
short sighted and unmanly enough to indulge
in the luxury of peaceable secession,, at the
sacrifice of the immense rights they possess in
the army and navy and the public property of
the Union, we shall regret aud deplore their
folly, bnt we cannot help it.
"As Virginians, proud, courageous, and tena
cious of every right and interest which belongs
to us, we shall certainly not follow their mad
cap, cowardly, and disgraceful example. And
we indulge the hope that most of our Southern
sisters will yet think better of this matter, and
pause and reflect before they consent to run
away from their duty and their rights, and take
refuge in tho ignominious device of peaceable
PROSPECTUS OF THE WEEKLY NATIONAL
WAtmnoro.N, D. 0., December, I860.
The undersigned bare commenced the publica
tion, In this city, of a weekly newspaper, called
the National Republican.
It is printed on a large sheet, 27 by 42 inches,
and is lurnisbed at the low prices stated below
II will contain all the original matter of the
daily National Republican, with the exception of
local news not interesting to country subscribers.
It will give full reports of the proceedings
of Congress, and of the other departments of the
It will contain all the news of the day, foreign
and domestic, markets, Ac, &c, as well as an
original correspondence from all parts of the
country. The miscellaneous department will re
ceive special attention, and, in all respects, the
effort will be made to establish the character of
the National Republican as a
In politics, the paper will be Republican, sus
taining the Incoming Administration ol Mr. Lin
coln, but disclaiming, however, any pretension
to be tbe organ ot me rresiaeni elect.
There is no othor Republican paper in tbe
District of Columbia, or in the vicinity of it, and
it Is believed that recent events have opened to
such a paper an important sphere of useful ef
fort. The time has come, when the actual ad
ministration of the Government upon Republican
principles will explode the misrepresentations
which have made those principles so distasteful
to the t-'oulh.
But U is not only here, and In this vicinity,
that the projectors of tbe National Republican
hope to make it useful. To the whole country
they offer a journal which will discuss national
politics from a national standpoint, and which
will never be swerved from patriotic duty by any
overpowering pressure of local Interest.
One copy, one year .... $2.00
Three copies, one year ... 5.00
Five copies, one year ... - 7.00
Ten copies, one year - - - - 12 00
Tweny copies, one year ... 20.00
One copy, six months - - - - 1.00
Five copies, six months . 3 50
Ten copies, six months - -"" - 6.00
Twenty copies, six months - - - 10 00
Payments always in advance.
When a Club of subscribers has been forward
ed, additions may be made to It on the same
terms. It Is not necessary that the subscribers
to a Club should receive their papers at the same
Money maybe forwarded by mail, at our risk.
Large amounts can be remitted In drafts on Bos
ton, New York, Philadelphia, or Baltimore;
smaller amounts in gold, or in notes of solvent
L. CLEPIIANE CO.,
National Republican, Washington, D. C.
Those of our exchanges publishipg the above
conspicuously three times In tbe Inside form of
their paper, and forwardiog a marked copy to
this oOlce, will receive oar dally In exchange
until the end of tbe ensuing session of Congress.
Prospectus .of the National Republican.
Believing that the time has arrived when the
great Republican party of the United States ought
to be fairly represented In the dally press of the
National Metropolis, we have embarked In the
enterprise of suppl) Ing the citizens of the District
of Columbia with a dally publication, under the
title of the " National Republican."
In Its political department, this journal will
advocate and defend the principles of the Repub
lican party, and endeavor to disabuse the public
mind ol groundless ptrjudlces which have been
engendered against It, by the false accusations
of its enemies. Hating the utmost confidence
that the administration of Mr. Lincoln will be
such as to merit our approbation, we expect to
ylild it a cordial, but not a servile support. In
the great Issue that is likely to be made with his
administration, by the enemies of the Republican
parly, the people of Washington and the District
of Columbia have more at stake than the peopl
of any other portion of our common country. We
believe that to support Mr. Lincoln's administra
tion tt ill be synonymous with maintaining the in
trgrlty of the Federal Union, against the machin
ations of those who would rend It asunder. No
one can doubt upon which side of this Issue the
people of Washington will he found, when they
come to realise that it is fairly forced upon them.
We feel confident, therefore, that In yielding to
the administration of Mr. Lincoln a cordial sup.
port, we shall have the sympathy of an Immense
majority or the people of this District and vicin
ity. , ,
It Is not our design, however, to make the
National.Republican a mere political paper. We
intend, that as a medium of general and local
news, it shall not be inferior to any other journal
published In this city. We shall pay particular
attention to questions of local policy, and advo
cate such reforms as wo may deem essential to
the prosperity of tho city, nnd to the advance
ment of the moral and material welfare of Its
We deem it unnecessary, lion ever, to multi
ply promises, as the paper wil'. immediately make
Its appearance, and will then speak for itself.
It will be published every allernoon, and de
livered to clly subscribers at six cents per week.
Mail. subscribers, $3.50 a year, pajable in ad
vance. The publication office Is at the corner of Indi
ana avenue and Second street.
LEWIS CLEPIIANE & CO.
Fresh Fruits and Vegetables.
Green Coin, Green Beans,
Green Tomatoes, Fresh Peaches,
Brandy I'enches, Lima Beans,
Fiench Peas, Asparagus,
Vushrooms, Capers and Olives,
Olives Stuffed In Oil. Spanish do.
New Raisins, Almonds,
Dates, Prunes, Figs, ic.
For sale low by
BROWNING 'k KEATING,
353 Penn. arinue, near Sixth street.
LEONARD SCOTT & CO.'S
THE BRITISH REVIEWS
LEONARD SCOTT k CO., New York, con
tinue to publish the following leading Brit
ish Periodicals, vis :
1. The London Quarterly, (Conservative.)
2. The Edinburgh Review, (Whig.)
3. The North British Review, (Free Church.)
4. The Westminster Review, (Liberal.)
5. Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, (Tory.)
These Periodicals ably represent tho three
great political parties of Great Britain Whig,
Tory, and Radical but politics lorms only one
feature of their character. As Organs of the
most profound writers on Silence, Literature,
.Morality, ana uengion, mey siana, as mey ever
have stood, unrivalled in the world or letters,
being considered indispensable to tbe scholar
and tbe professional man, while to the intelli
gent reader of eiery class they furnish a more
correct and satisfactory record of the current
literature of the day, throughout the world, than
can be possibly obtained from any other source.
The receipt or ADVANCE SHEETS from the
British publishers git es additional value to these
Reprints, inasmuch as they can now be placed
In the hands of subscribers about as soon as the
For any one of the four Reviews, per ann. - $3
For any two or the four Reviews, ' - 6
For any three ot the four Reviews, " - 7
For all lour of the Reviews, " - 8
For Blackwood's Magazine, " - 3
For Blackwood and one Review, " - 5
For Blackwood and two Reviews, " - 7
For Blackwood and three Reviews, " - 0
Tor Blackwood and the four Reviews," - 10
Payments to be made in all cases in advauce.
Money current in iheState where Issued will be
received at par.
A discount of twenty-five per cent, from tho
above price will be allowed to Clubs ordering four !
or more copies of any one or more or the above
works. Thus: Four copies or Blackwood, or of
one Review, will be sent to one auuress lor u
tour copies or the four Reviews and Blackwood
lor $30; and so on.
In all the principal cities and towns, these
works will be delivered, FREE OF POSTAGE.
When sent by mall, the Postage to any part of
the United States will be but twenty-four cents a
year for " Blackwood," and but fourteen cents a
year for each or the Reviews.
N. B. The price in Great Britain or the five
Periodicals above named is $31 per annum.
Remittances for any of the above publications
should always be addressed, post paid, to tbe
LEONARD SCOTT k CO.,
nov 20 No. 54 Gold street, New York.
ALEXANDER W. MOODY,
TV'EW CIGAR STORE, No. 429 Seventh street,
1 between O and II streets. Wholesale and
retail dealer in Cigars, Tobacco, Snuff, and
everything pertaining to a first-class Tobacco
Goods delivered to any pait of tbe clly Tree or
charge. dec 10 3t
GREAT 11AROAINS AT THE PEOPLE'S
Ko. 100 Sccenlh street, near E.
I AM now offering my largo stock or Clothing,
Furnishing Goods, Hats, and Caps, at re
markably low prices, in order to decrease ray
N. B. All persons In want of Clothing and
Furnishing Goods will find it greatly to their
advantage to give me a call, as 1 am determined
to sell lower tban any other house In town.
Don't forget the name and number.
J. II. SMITH, Clothier,
deo 7 lm 4G0 Seventh sU, op. Post Office,
Organization of the Departments.
The whole machinery employed to conduct the
business arising out of i ur foreign relations with
all the Powers of the world Is far1 more simple
tban is generally conceived. The number em
ployed In tbe Department of State of the United
Stales Is only twenty-eight, as follows I One Sec
retary of State, (Hon. Lewis Cass,) one Assistant
Secretary of State, (lion. John Appleton,) one
Chief Clerk, one Superintendent of Statistics,
twenty-two Clerks, one Translator, and one Li
brarian. Diplomatic Branch. This branch of the State
Department has charge of all correspondence
between the Department and other diplomatic
agents of the Unite States abroad, and those of
foreign Powers accredited to this Government.
In it all diplomatic instructions sent from the
Department, nnd communications to commission
ers under treaties cf boundaries, ic., are pre
pared, copied, and recorded; nnd nil of like char
acter received are registered and filed, their con
tents being first entered in an analytic table or
Consular Branch. .This branch has charge of
the correspondence, 4c., between the Department
and the con nils and commercial agents of the
United States. In It Instructions to Uoic officers,
and answers to their dispatches and to letters
from other persons asking for consular agency,
or relating to consular affairs, are prepared and
The Disbursing Agent. He has charge of all
correspondence nnd other matters connected with
accounts relating to any rund with the disburse
ment of which tbe Department is charged.
The Translator. -Ills duties are to furnish such
translations as the Department may require. He
also records the commissions of consuls and vice
consuls, when not In English, upon which exe
quaturs are issued.
Cleric nf ArynaintmtnU and Commissions. tie
makes out and records commissions, letters of
appointment, and nominations to the senate;
makes cut nnd records exequaturs, and tecords,
when in English, the commissions on which they
are issued. Has charge of the library.
Clerk ofthtKolli and Archives. lie takes charge
of the rolls, or enrolled acts nnd resolutions of
C ngress,as they are received at tne uepaumeni
from the President; prepares the authenticaied
rn.iies thereof which a a called fir: prepares for.
and superintends their publication, and that of
treaties, In toe newspapers ana in muiwuim,
attends to their distribution throughout the
United States, and that of all document, and pub
lications in regud to which this duty Is assigned
to the Lepartment; writing and answering all
letters connected therewith. Has charge ol all
Indian treaties, and business relating thereto.
CYrrt of Territorial BusinetsThe Seal cf the
Department, jc He has charge or the seals of
the United States and or the Department, and
prepares and attiches certificates to papira pre
sented for authentication ; has charge of the Ter
ritorial business ; Immigration and registered sea
men; records all letters from tbe Dcpirtment,
other than the diplomatic and consular.
Cent of Pardons and Passports He prepares
and records pardons and remissions ; anu regis
ters and files the petitions and paperB on which
Ihey are founded. Makes out and records pass
ports ; kseps a daily register of all letters, other
than diplomatic and consular, received, and of
the disposition made of them ; prepares letters
relating to this business.
Superintendent of Statistics. die superintends
tbe preparation or the "Annual Report of tbe
Secretary of State and Foreign Commerce," as
required by the acts of 1842 and 185G.
ATTORNEY GENERAL'S OFFICE.
Hon. Jeremiah S. Black, Attorney General of
the United Stales ; A. B. McCalmont, Esq., Assist
ant. 1 he ordinary business of this office may be
classified under the following heads'.
1. Official opinions on the current business of
the Government, as called for by the President,
by any head or Department, or by the Solicitor
or tbe Treasury.
2 Examination of the titles of all land pur
chased, as the sites of arsenals, custom-houses,
light-houses, and all other public works of the
3. Applications for pardons in all cases of con
viction in the courts ot the United States.
4. Applications lor appointment in all tbe ju
dicial and legal business of the Government.
5. The conduct and argument of all suits In
the Supreme Court or the United States In which
tho Government Is concerned.
C The supervision of all other suits arising In
any ofbe Departments, when relerred by tho
head thereof to the Attorney General.
To these ordinary beads ot the business of the
office is added at the present time the direction
of all appeals on land claims in California.
Secretary or the Department or tho Interior,
Hon. Jacob Thompson, of the State of Missis
si pi. Its clerical force consists of one Chief
Clerk, (Uoses Ktlly.Esq ,)twoDisburs ngClirks,
and ten other regular Clerks ; and to its super
vision and management are committid the fol
lowlrg branches of the public stvIco:
1 t. The Public Lands. The chief or this lu
reau is called tbe Commissioner or the Ueneral
Land Office. The Land Buriau is charged wi'h
the turiey, management, and sale of the public
domain, and the issulngoftitles therefor, whether
derived from confirmations or grants made by
former Governments, by sales, donations, or
gran's for schools, military bounties, or public
improvements, and likewise the revision ot Vir
ginia mil'tary bounty-land claims, and the Issu
ing or scrip in lieu thereof The Laud Office,
also, audits its own accounts. Ths present Com
missioner is Joseph S. Wilson. Its principal
ofheers are a Recorder, Chief Clerk, who also
acts as Commissioner ad interim, Principal Clerk
or Surveys, besides a Draughtsman, Assistant
Draughtsman, and some 150 Clerks of various
2d. Pensions. The present head or this bureau
is George C. Whiting, of Virginia. The Com
missioner is charged with the examination and
adjudication or all claims arising under the va
rious acd numerous laws passed by Congress
granting bounty land or pensions for the mili
tary or naval services in tne revolutionary and
tubsequent wars in which the United States have
been engaged. He has one Chief Clerk, (John
Robb, Esq ,) and a permanent corps, consisting
or some seventy other Clerks.
3d. Indians. Commissioner or Indian Affairs,
A. B. Greenwood, or Arkansas. He Is provided
with a Ciller Clerk, and about fifteen other sub
or linaje Clerks.
4th. Patent Office. Won. Philip F. Thomas, of
Maryland, Commissioner or Pa'ents. To this
bureau Is committed tbe execution and perform
ance of all " a-ts and things touching and re
specting the granting and Issuing of pa'ents for
new and usetul discoveries, inventions, and im
provements;" the collection of stillsllcs rela
ilcg to agriculture; the collection and distribu
tion of if. ds, plants, and rutlings. It has a
Cbl f Clerk who is by law the acting Commis
sioner of Patents In the absence of the Commis
sioner twelve principal and twelve assistant
Examiners or Patents, some dozen subordinate
permanent Clerks, besides a contld rble num
ber ol' temporary employees. Samu. 1 T. Shu
gert, Esq., Cbler Clerk.
An act passed at the last session or Congress
prov ded that all books, maps, charts, and other
publications, heretofore deposited la the De
partment ot State, according to tbe laws regula
t ng copyrights, should be removed to tho De
partment ol the Interior, which is charged with
all the duties connected with matters pertainin"
to copyright ; which duties have been assigned
by the Secretory ot the Interior to the Patent Of-
flee, as belonging most appropriately to this
branch of ths service.
Ilesid s these tour principal branche of this
new Executive Department, the organic act of
1849 tramferred to 1' from the Treasury Depart
ment the supervision of the accounts of the Uni
ted Slates Marshals and Attorneys, and tho
Clerks of the United Slates Courts, the manage
ment of the lead and other mines of the United
States, aid tve affairs of the penltcnttary of the
United States In the District of Columbia; and
from the State Department fie duty of taking
and returning the censuses of the Uni ed Slates,
and of supervising and directing the arts of the
Commissioner or Public Buildings. The Hospi
tal for the Insane or tho army and navy and of
the District of Columbia is also under the man
agement of 'his Department; In addition to
which, by laws recently passed, the Secret iry of
the Interior Is charged with tbe construction or
the three wagon roads leading to the Pacific
Under act of February 5, 1859, "providing for
keeping and dls rlbuting all public documents,
all the books, documen's, &c, printed or pur
chased by the. Government," .the Annals of Con
gress, American dtate ripo'rs, American Ar
chives, Jefferson's and Adams's Works, are
transferred to. this Department from the Stile
Department, Library of Congress, and elsewhere ;
also, the Journals and Documents of the Thirty
fifth Congress. Tbeso valuable v,orks are dis
tributed to those who are by law entitled to re
ceive them, and to such " colleges, public libra
ries, atkenrciima, literary and scientific institu
tions, boards or trade, or public sssociatlons,"
as shall be designated by the members or Con-
Tbe Department requires an additional emitt
ing for its accommodation, and the erection of
one has been repeatedly recommended during
the lost few years for that purpose. At present,
the Pension Office Is provided with rooms in what
Is known as "Winder's Building," while tbe
other branches tf the Department, including tbe
Secretary's office, are all crowded Into the Patent
Office building, the whole of which will be re
quired at an early day for tbe use of tho Patent
Office, lor whlcb it was originally intended.
Tho Treasury Department consists of the offi
ces of the Secretary of the Treasury, twoConip
tro'lers, Commissioner of the Customs, six Au
ditors, Treasurer, Register, Solicitor, Light-house
Board, and Coast Survey.
The following Is a brief indication of the dutle"
of these several i ffircs, and of the force employed
Secretary's Office. non. Howell Cobb, Secre
tary of tho Treasury; Hon. Philip Claj ton, Assist
ant Secretary; one Engineer in Charge; one
Architect, and three Draughtsmen temporarily
employed, and twenty-three Clerks. The Secre
tary ot the Treasury Is charged with tbe general
supervision of the fiscal transactions or tbe Gov
ernment, and or the execution of the laws con
cerning the commerce and navigation of the
United States. Ho superintends the survey of
tho toast, the 1 ght-house establishment, the ma
rine hospitals ot the United States, rind the con
struction or certain public buildings lor custom
houses and other purposes.
first Comptroller's Office. non. William Me
dlll, Comptroller, and fifteen Clerks. He pre
scribes the mode or keeping and rendering ac
counts for the civil and diplomatic service, as
well as tbe public lands, and revises and certifies
tbe balances arising tnereon.
Second Comptroller's Office J. M. Cutts, Esq.,
Comptroller, and seventeen Clerks. He prescribes
the mode of keeping and rendering tbe accounts
of the Army, Navy, and Indian departments or
the public service, and revises and certifies the
balances arising thereon.
Office of Commissioner of Customs. Samnel
Ingham, Esq., Commissioner, and eleven Clerks,
lie prescribes the mode of keeping and rendering
tbe accounts ot me customs, revenue, anu ms
bursements, and for the building and repairing
custom-houses, 4c, and revises and certifies the
balances arising thereon.
First Auditor's Office. Thomas L. Smith, Esq.,
Tirst Auditor, and nineteen Clerks. He receives
and adjusts the accounts of the customs revenue
and disbursements, appropriations and expend
itures on account ot the civil list, and under
private acts of Congress, and reports the balances
to the Commissioner or the Customs and the
First Comptroller, respectively, for their decision
Second Auditor's Office. Thomas J. D. Fuller,
Second Auditor, and twenty-one Clerks. He re
ceives and adjusts all aciounts relating to the
pay, clothing, and recruiting or the army, as well
as armories, arsenalB, and ordnance, and all ac
counts relating to the Indian department, and
reports the balances to the Second Comptroller,
lor his decision inereon.
Third Auditor's Office Robert J. Atkinson,
Esq., Third Auditor, and seventy-eight Clerks.
He receives and adjusts all accounts lor subsist
ence of the urmy, fortifications, Military Acad
emy, military roads, and the Quartermaster's de
partment, as well as lor pensions, claims arising
Irom military services previous to 1816, und for
ho seo and other property lost In the military
service, under various acts of Congress, and re
ports the balances to the Second Comptroller, fur
his decision thereon.
Fourth Auditor's Office. A.. J. O'Bannon, Esq.,
Fourth Auditor, and sixtetn Clerks. He receives
and adjusts all accounts for the service or the
Navy Department, and reports the balances to
the Second Comptroller, for his decision thereon.
Ffth Auditor's Office. Bartholomew Fuller,
Esq., Fifth Auditor, and six Clerks. He re
ceives and adjusts all accounts for diplomatic
and similar services performed under tbe direc
tion of the State Department, and reports the
balances to tbe First Comptroller, lor his decision
Sixth Auditor's Office. Or. Thomas M. Tate,
Auditor or the Treasury for tbe Post Office De
partment, and one hundred and fourteen Clerks.
He receives and adjusts all accounts arising from
the service of the Post Office Department. His
decisions are final, unless an appeal be taken in
twelve months to the First Comptroller. He
superintends the collection of all debts due the
Post Office Department, and all penalties and
forfeitures imposed on postmasters and mall con
tractors for falling to do their duty ; he directs
sults"and legal proceedings, civil and criminal,
and takes all such measures as may be author
ized by law to enforce the prompt payment of
moneys due to ine ueparimem; instructing uni
ted States attorneys, marshals, and clerks, on all
matters relating thereto; aud receives returns
from each term or the United States courts, of the
condition and progress of such suits and legal
proceedings ; has charge of all lands and other
property assigned to tbe United Stales in pay
ment ot debts due the Post Office Department,
and has power to sell and dispose or the same
for the benefit of the United States.
Treasurer's Office. Samuel Casey, Esq., Treas
urer, and thirteen Clerks. He receives and keeps
tbe moneis of tbe United btates in his own
office, and that or tbe depositories created by tbe
act ot tho Ctb or August, 1840, and pajB out the
same upon warrants drawn by the Secretary of
the Treasury, countersigned by the First Comp
troller, and uron wanants drawn by the Post
master General, and countersigned by the Sixth
Auditor, nnd rciorded by the Register. He also
holds public moneys adranccd by warrant to
disbursing officers, and pajB out tbe tame upon
Register's Office. Finley Bigger, Esq., Register,
and twenty-nine Clerks. He keeps tbe accounts
of public receipts and expenditures; retell ts
the returns and makes out the official statement
of commertound navigation ot tbe United Stales;
aud receives from tho First Comptroller and
Commissioner of Cuetoms nil accounts and
vouchers decided by them, and is charged by
law with their safe keeping.
Solicitor' sOffice. Hon. Junius Hlllyer, Solicitor,
and six Cleiks. He superintends all civil suits
commenced by the United States, (except those
arising in the Post Office Department,) and Instructs
the United States attoineys, marshals, and
clerks, In all matters relating to them and their
results. He receives returns from each term of
the United States courts, showing the progress
and condition of such suits j has charge of all
lands and other property assigned to the United
States in payment of debts, (except those assigned
in payment of debts due the Post Office Department,)
and has power to sell nnd dispose ot the same
for the benefit of the United Slates.
Liyht-lfouse Board. Hon. Howell Cobb, Sec
retary of the Treasury, ex-officio President; Com.
W. B. Shubrlck, United States Navy, Chairman;
Commander E. G. Tillon, United States Navy;
Major A. U. Bowman, Corps of Engineers, Uni
ted States Army Capt. A. A. Humphreys, Corps
Topographical Engineers, United States Army;
Prof Joseph Henry, Secretary of the Smith
sonian Institution'; Prof. A. D. Bache, Super
intendent of the Coast Survey ; Commander Ra
phael Srmmes, United States Navy, and Captain
W. F. Smith, Corps Topographical Engineers,
United States Army, members, the last two being
also Secretaries ; and five Clerks. This hoard
directs the building and repairing of light-
nouses, light-vessels, beacons, and buoys, con
tracts for supplies, and governs the personnel of
United States Coast Survey. Professor A. D.
Bache, LL. D., Superintendent, and Superintend
ent of Weights and Measures.
Capt. William R. Palmer, Corps Topographical
Engineers, United States Army, In charge of tho'
Coast Survey Office ; Lieut. A. P. Hill, United
States Army, Assistant.
Assistant W. P. Trowbridge, computer of
Assistant Chaa. A. Scbott, in charge of com
Assistant L. F. Pourtales, in charge of tidal
Lieut. Thomas Wilson, United States Army,
In charge of drawing division.
Mr. Edward Wharton, acting In charge of en
Lieut. John R. Smead, United States Army, in
charge of miscellaneous divisions.
Samuel Heln, Disbursing Agent.
George Mathiot, Electrotyplst.
Joseph Saxton, Assistant to Superintendent of
Weights and Measures.
POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT.
Hon. Joseph Holt, 'Postmaster General. The
direction and management of the Post Office De
partment are assigned by the Constitution and
laws to the Postmaster General. That its busi
ness may be the more conveniently arranged and
prepared for his final action, it Is distributed
among several bureaus, as follows : The Ap
pointment Office, In charge of the First Assistant
Postmaster General ; the Contract Office, in
charge of the Second Assistant Postmaster Gen
eral ; the Finance Office, in charge of tbe Third
Assistant Postmaster General ; and the Inspec
tion Office, in charge of the Chief Clerk.
Appointment Office. Horatio King, Esq., First
Assistant Postmaster General, and nineteen
Clerks. To this office are assigned all questions
which relate to the eslabllshment and discon
tinuance of post offices, changes or sites and
names, appointment and removal or postmasters
and route nnd local agents, as also the giving
or Instructions to postmasters. Postmasters are
furnished with marking and rating stamps and
letter balances by this bureau, which is charged
also with providing blanks and stationery for
the use of tbe Department, and with the superin
tendence or the several agencies established for
supplying postmasters with blanks. To this
bureau Is likewise assigned the supervision of
the ocean mall steamship lines, and of the foreign
and international postal arrangements.
Contract Office. William H. Dundos, Esq,
Second Assistant Postmaster General, and twenty-six
clerks. To this office is assigned the
business of arranging the mail service of tbe
United States, and placing the same under con
tract, embracing all correspondence and proceed
ings respecting the frequency of trips, mode of
conveyance, nnd times of departures and arri
vals on all tbe routes ; the course of the mall
between tbe different sections of the country,
the points or mail distribution, and tbe regula
tions for the government or tho domestlo mail
service or the United States. It prepares the
advertisements for mail proposals, receives the
bids, and takes charge of the annual and occa
sional mail lettlngs, and the adjustment and exe
cution or the contracts. All applications for
the establishment or alteration or mall arrange
ments, and the appointment of Mall Messengers,
should be sent to this office. All claims should
be submitted to it for transportation service not
under contract, as the recognition or said service
is first to be obtained through the Contract
Office, as a necessary authority for the proper
credits at the Auditor's Office. From this office
all postmasters at the ends or routes recelte tbe
stntcment of mail arrangements prescribed for
the respectiie routes. It reports weekly to tbe
Auditor nil contracts executed, and all orders
affecting accounts for mall transportation ; pre
pares the statistical exhibits or the mall service,
and the reports or the mall lettlngs, giving a
statement or each bid ; also, or the contracts
made, the new service originated, the curtail
ments ordered, and the additional allowances
granted within the year.
Finance Office. A. N. Zevely, Esq., Third As
sistant Postmaster General, and twenty-one
clerks. To this office are assigned the supervis
ion and management or the financial business
or tbe Department, not devolved by law upon
tbe Auditor, embracing accounts with the draft
offices and other depositaries of the Department,
the issuing of warrants and drafts in payment
of balances reported by the Auditor to be due to
mall contractors and other persous, the supervis
ion of the accounts or offices under orders to
deposit their quarterly balances at designa'ed
points, and the superintendence of tbe rendition
by postmasters of their quarterly returns of
postages, ii nas cnarge oi tne ueaa-Letter
Office, of the issuing of postage stamps and
stampea envelopes lor tne pre-payment or post
age, and or the accounts connected therewith.
To (he Third Assistant Postmaster General all
postmasters should direct their quarterly returns
or postage; those at draft offices, their letters
reporting quarterly the net proceeds or their
offices; and those at depositing offices, their cer
tificates of deposit ; to him should also be di
rected the weekly and monthly returns of the
depositaries or the Department, as well as all
applications and receipts for postage stamps and
stamped envelopes, and for dead letters.
Inspection Office. llcnj. N. Cements, Esq.,
Cbiel Clerk, and seventeen clerks. To this office
is assigned tbe duty of receiving and examining
tbe registers of the arrival) and departures of
the mails, certificates of the service or route
agents, and reports or mail failures ; or noting
the delinquencies or contractors, and preparing
cases thereon for the action of the Postmaster
General ; rurnishlng blanks for mail registers,
and reports or mill failures ; providing and
sending out mail bags nnd mull locks und keys,
nnd doing all other things which may be neces
sary to secure a f ilthtul aud exact performance
of fll mail contracts.
All cases of mill depredation, or violation or
law by prltate expresses, or uy tbe torglng or
illegal use or postage stamps, are under the su
pervision or this office, and should be reported
All communications respecting lost money,
letteis, mall depredation's, or other violations el
lnw, or mull locks and keys, should be directed,
"Chlet Clerk, Post Office Department."
All registers of tbe arrivals and departures or
the malls, certificates of the service of route
agents, re; orts of mall failures, applications for
blank registers, and reports of failures, and all
complaints against contractors for Irregular or
Imperfect service, should be directed, " Inspection
Office, Post Office Department."
The Navy Department consists of the Navy
Department proper, being the office of the Sec
retary and of five bureaus attached thereto, vis :
Bureau of Navy Yards and Docks, Bureau of
Conitructlon, Equipment, and Repair, Bureau of
Provisions and Clothing, Buresu of Ordnance
and Hydrography, and the Bureau of Medicine
-The following Is statement of the duties of
each of these offices, and of the force employed
Secretary's Office, Hon. Isaac Touccy, Secre
tary of the Navy; Charles W Wlsb, Esq.,
Chief Cleik, and, eleven Clerks. The Secretary
of the Navy has charge of everything connected
with the naval establishment, and the execntlon
or all laws relating thereto Is intrusted to him,
undtr the 'general direction of tbe President of
the United State , who, by the Constitution, Is
Commander-la-phUf of the .Army and Navy.
All instructions to commanders of squadrons
and commanders of vessels, sJTorders of officers,
commissions of officers both in the navy and
marine corps, appointments or commtisioneu
and warrant officers, orders for the enlistment
and discharge of seamen, emanate from tbe Sec
retary's Office. All the duties of the different
bureaus are perform' d under the authority of
the Secretary,. and. their orders an considered
as emanating from him. The general superin
tendence of the marine corps form also a part
or the duties or the Secretary, and all the orders
of the commandant fJJLthat corps should be ap
proved by him.
Bureau of Nary Yards and Docks. Commo
dore Joseph Smith, Chief of the Bureau, four
Glerks,one Civil Engineer, and one Draughtsman.
All tbe navy yards, docks, and wharves, build
ings and machinery in navy yards, and every
thing immediately connected with them, are
under the superintendence of this bureau. It Is
also charged with the management of the Naval
Bureau of Construction, Equipment, and Re
pair. John Lcnthall, Esq., Chief of the Burean,
eight Clerks, and one Draughtsman. The office
or tbe Englneer-in-chier of tbe Navy, Samuel
Archbold, Esq., is attached to this bureau, who
is assisted by three assistant engineers. This
bureau has charge or the building and repairs of
all vessels or war, purchase or materials, and the
providing or all vessels with their equipments,
as sails, anchors, water tanks, &c. The Engi-neer-ln-chier
superintends the construction of
all marine steam engine i tor tbe navy, and, wltn
the approval or the Secretary, decides upon plans
for their construction.
Bureau of Provisions and Clothing. n. Bridge,
Purser United States Navy, Chief of Bureau, and
four Clerks. All provisions for the use of the
navy, and clothing, together with the making of
contracts for furnishing tbe same, como under
the charge of this bureau.
Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography. Capt.
Duncan Ingrabam, Chief of Bureau, four Clerks,
and one Draughtsman. This bureau has charge
of all ordnance and ordnance stores, tbe manu
facture or purchase of cannon, guns, powder,
shot, shells, ic, and the equipment or vessels
or war, with everything connected therewith. It
also provides them with maps, charts, chronom
eters, barometers, 4c, together with such books
as are furnished ships or war. "The United
States Naval Observatory and Hydrographlcal
Office" at Washington, and the Naval Academy
at Annapolis, are also under the general super
intendence of the Chief of this Bureau.
Bureau of Medicine and Surgery 'Dr. William
Whelan, Surgeon United States Navy, Chief of
Bureau; one Passed Assistant Surgeon United
States Navy, and two Clerks. Everything rela
ting to medicines and medical stores, treatment
of sick and wounded, and management of hos
pitals, comes within the superintendence of this
non. J. B. Floyd, Secretary of War, W. R.
Drlnkard, Chief Clerk, seven Clerks, two Mes
sengers, and one Laborer. Tbe following bu
reaus are attached to this Department.
Commanding General's Office. This office, at
the head of which is Lieutenant General Scott,
is at New York.
Adjutant QsneraVs Office. Col. Samuel Coop
er, Adjutant General. Assistants Major E. D.
Townscnd, Major W. A. Nichols, Capt. S. Wil
liams, and Capt. J. P. Garesche; Judge Advo
cate, Mnjor John F. Lee ; ten Clerks and one
Messenger. In this office are kept all the records
which refer to the personnel of the army, the
rolls, ic. It Is here that all military commis
sions are made out.
Quartermaster General's Office. Brevet Major
General T. S. Jesup, Quartermaster General.
Assistants Major E. 3. Sibley, Brevet Major H.
C. Wayne, and Brevet Mnjor J. Belger ; eleven
Clerks and one Messenger,
Paymaster Generals Office. Col. B. F. Larned,
Paymaster General, Lieut. Col. T. P. Andrews,
District Paymaster ; Beven Clerks and one Mes
senger. Commissary Generate Office. General George
Gibson, Commissary General ; Assistant, Capt.
A. E. Shias; six Clerks and one Messenger.
Surgeon General's Office. Gin. Thomas Law
son, burgeon General ; Assistant, Dr. II. C. Wood;
three Clerks and one Messenger.
Engineer Office. Gen. Joseph O. Tolten, Chief
Engineer; Assistant, Captain II. G. Wright; fire
Clerks and one Messenger.
Topographical Bureau Col. J. J. Abert, Colo
nel of the Corps ; Assistant, Capt. I. C. Wood
ruff; five Clerks and one Messenger.
Ordnance Bureau. Col. H. K. Craig, Colonel
of Ordnance ; Assistant, Capt. William Mayna
dicr; eight Clerks and one Messenger.
BOOT AND SHOE MANUFACTORY.
THE subscriber has the pleasure of informing
his friends and former customers that he is
engaged In the Boot and Shoe manufacturing
business, with an entire new stock, such as
Melles' French Shoes, Gaiters, Slippers, Pumps,
ic, with a superior stock of Lemoints1 French
Calf-skins, and all other materials for the manu
facture of Gentlemen's fine Boots and Shies, pur
chased for Cash, nnd will be made up by the
best workmen, and sold at the Lowest Cash
Prices, for Cash only.
To my former patrons, It is useless to say any
thing or my qualifications for tbe business I bavo
again embarked in. To them, and the public
generally, I will only say, I can at all times be
found nt home, and ready to wait on them. Tbe
one-price rule will be strictly adhered to. Give
me a call. JOHN MILLS, Agent,
Fashionable Boot and Shoe-maker, No.
604 Pennsylvania avenue, between the
St. Charles Hotel and Adams's Ex
press Office, formerly under Brown's
P. S. I have no Interest in, or connection with,
any other store than the one I am in, No. 504
Pennsylvania avenue. J- "
GOSHEN BUTTER A-ND CHEESE.
I WILL have In store In a day or two Choice
GOSHEN BUTTER and CHEESE, of as fine
quality as can be bad, to which I Invite the at
tention or purchasers.
JKSSE B. WILSON,
337 Pa. av., between Sixth and Seventh
nov 20 streets, south side.