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THE NATIONAL REPUBLICAN
Oa Seventh street, ocas E, opposite the General
Post Ofllce, by
LEWIS CLEPHANE A CO.
To city subscribers, six cents per week, paya
ble to the carrier!.
To mall subscriber three dollars said fifty
cents per annum, payable in advance.
hates dp ADVtiilTisni'd.
One square, three days $1.00
One square, four days , 1.25
One square, five days 1.50
One square, six days , 1,75
One Square, two weeks t, 2.J5
On square, three weeks ...'.... ;,.. S.60
One square, one month 4,oq
One square, three months 10.00
One square, six months 18 00
One square, one year 30.00
Every other day- and once week advertise
ments, fifty per cent, advance on the above.
Inserted as reading matter, tea cents a line.
Church and other notices, Mid wants, twsnty
five cents for each Insertion.
Ten lines or less constitute a square.
C J?CV 51 C K X
WASHINGTON, D. C, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1860.
PRICE ONE CENT.
Parson Brownlow is down on long prayers.
In his last issue ho says : It is ridiculous to
think of going to church two or three times on
the Sabbath, and hear n man of ordinary tal
ents preach, from one to two hours at a stretch,
and begin and end the services with ft prayer
half as long as his sermon, and, if possible,
more dry, lifeless, and uninteresting. Long
sermons drive people nway from church, or,
which is the same, prevent them from goiug.
Long prayers are unreasonable ns well as un
profitable. Wo have bceriliatening to sermons
and prayers, forlol these last forty ycais, and
the rcsult'of our observations is, as a general
thing, long sermons and prayers are delivered
in a slow, stupid manner, and aro full of circum
locution and vain repetitions. The effect, there
fore, is to drive out of church the. spirit of de
votion, and to freeze to death every religious
feeling. Our Saviour has given us n model for
our sermons, in that inimitablo sermon of his
on the Mount. It has fitly been denominated
"an' assemblage of doctrinal perfections." It
was delivered under two general heads that of
repentance towards God, and faith in Christ.
Indeed, repentance was the text, and, in its dis
cussion, he first pointed out its nature, and sec
ondly its rewards. Our Saviour has also given
us a model for our prayers. It consists of one
sentenco ofintroduction, seven short petitions,
and a half dozen words of conclusion, and can
bo offered up by any ono in one minute, by the
watch. And yet, short as it is, it asks for every
blessing that tho individual, the church, nnd the
Anecdote ok Gex. S( ott. The Century re
ports, that during nullification times General
Scott was at Fort Moultrie, with a command of
eight hundred men, nnd a full complement of
officers. With a uew to allay some natural
anxiety in his own mind ns to the fidelity of
his officers, he sent for a Judge of the United
States court, and addressed him, in their hear
ing, as follows : " Judge, I have long ago taken
my oath of allegiance to the United States
Government, but it occurs to mo that in this
extraordinary emergency I will do it again.
There is no impropriety in it and gentlemen,"
said he, turning to his officers, "it will not
hurt any of us." The oath was then adminis
tered to every officer present ; nnd the occa
sion was manifestly felt to bo one of unusual
ArrciBANCE of the South Carolina Le
gislature. The members sit with their hats
on. The Clerk, clothed like an Episcopal cler
gyman, calls the roll. The raessenge , in front
of tho Speaker's room, strikes his staff on the
floor, crying out, " make way for the Speaker ;"
the Doorkeeper repeats it loudly with three
heavy raps of his staff, and then the Speaker
himself, clothed in a rich blue mazarine robe,
marches up the aisle to his scat. The building
in which the body meets is very old and incon
venient. Tho seats aro old ana bestrewed with
papers. The members are noisy and talkative,
and, with their hats on, look more like a com
mon political gathering than anything else.
A modern Othello is reported to have be
witched nearly half a dozen Dcsdomouns lately.
They are all daughters of one family, and
threaten to elope if the slightest opposition to
tho perpetual union with tho Moor is mndo by
paterfamilias. The names of tho young dam
sels aro Misses S. Carolina, Flora Ida, Ally
Bama, Miss Sissippi, and Miss Georgia. The
others, Miss Virginia, Miss Louisa Anna, Miss
Souri, and Miss Mary Land, are in love with the
fellow, but won't leave Uncle Sam's comfort
able home on bis account. They are sensi
ble. Commercial Advertiser.
French Cure Fort DirimibRiA Mix pow
dcred borax and burnt alum in about equal
parts, and dip a piece of soft linen or cotton
cloth, saturated with water, in the compound,
and rub tho fiffected part three or four times
daily. Tho end of tho fore finger Is tho best,
unless the sore is too deep in tho throat Mako a
gargle of burnt alum, borax powdered, course
salt, and inegar, whi'h dilute with a little wa
ter, and add a little honey, and gargle the
throat seven or eight times a day the ofteuer
tho better and a perfect cure may be relied
on if the case is not too aggravated ; if so, caus
tic must be used, and the gargle as before di
rected. It would bo well to take na emetic and some
medicine to keep the bowels open.
Interesting to Divorced Wives. Tho
New York Court of Common Pleas, Judge
Urady presiding, lias decided, that in cases of
divorce, the femnle side of tho house must pay
its own debts from the moment the decree of
divorce is rendered. The lose is that of Mrs.
Forrest, who resisted payment of a claim for
dry goods amounting to $55'2, on tho ground
that she was then the wife of Mr. Forrest, the
question turning upon tho point of appeal from
tho decree of divorce still pending. The court
decided that tho appeal was only for tho pur
pose of settling the question of alimony.
(JTA correspondent of tho Now York Sun
writes that, while travelling in North Wules,
he fell into conversation with a plump and
comfortable looking Welsh woman, who, on
learning that ho was an Americau, inquired,
with considerable curiosity, "What tube do
jou belong to?" " To tho tribe of Yankees,"
was his instant rejoinder. She nodded in a
satisfied munuer, and said " she had heard of
A Reci ipt in Full. A German out West
being required to give a receipt in full, after
much mental cuort, produce! the IoIIowiul' :
" I ish full. I wants no mora money. John
Swnckhani, mer." This reminds us of a re
ceipt onco given by a hand (nu Irihhman) em
ployed in tho Adieiliser office in lioton. hen
requested to write the receipt, ho sat down and
produced tho following: " I've got the money.
Ulfsber, Iceland, was lately tho ncno of a
most remarkable mirage. faevcral nhips were
seen sailing through the air in a hue, appa
rently some miles hi extent. Some appeared
at anchor, near a fortress built on u rock ; oth
ers seemed to nppruach so near the coaM thut
the spectators could iue, through thu clear at
mosphere, thu images of sailois at work in the
POTASH AND PEARLASII,
FOR sale by
CHARLES STOTT, Druggist,
No. 375 I'enn. avenue, nearly opposite
nov 20 tswlm National Hotel.
CALL at LAMMOND'S, 484 Seventh street,
and buy your Toys cheap,
dee 17 3t KUISS KIUNGLK.
D. KOMI'S BALSAMIC LUN1 INVIGQltATOR
A CERTAIN CURE for Congus, Co'ds, Affec
tions of the Throat and Lung'. A trial
will make every ore its frie d, being Agreeable
to tsko, and certain to cur. Price 60 c nt.
For sale by Messrs. G lman, Stott, Clark,
Wright, Nairn, Ffl-d, Kldwell, Thompjon, Ridge
ly, Moore, Msjor, &c. nov 20
GltEAT BARGAINS AT THE PEOPLE'S
No. 406 Seventh street, near E.
IAM now offering my large stock of Clothing,
Furnishing Goods, Hats, and Caps, at re
markably low prices, In order to decrease my
N. B. All persons In want of Clothing and
Furnishing Goods will find It greatly to their
advantage to give me a call, ns 1 am determined
to sell loner Itinn any other houso iu tuwri.
Don't forget the name and number. -
J. II. SMITH, Clothier,
dee 7 Im 400 Seventh t , op. Post Office.
TVIEW MESS MACKEREL,, &c, Ac
1 1 6 Barrels New No. 1 Mess Mackerel.
20 barrels Large New No. 1 Mackerel.
100 Halves, Quarters, and Eighths Barrels New
Mess and No. 1 Mackerel.
5,000 pounds Large Fat CodUsb.
5 tierces No 1 Salmon.
25 kits No. 1 S lmon.
50 I'oica Scaled Herrings.
200 barrels No 1 t. Julia's Alewlves.
200 barrels No. 1 Gibbcd Herring.
For sale by E. B. WHITE k CO.,
No. 63 Louisiana aveuue, bet. Sixth
and Seventh streets, opposite Bank
dec 15 of Washington.
391 renn av., lietieeen Four-
and-a-hnlj and Sixth sis.,
(couth si lc,)
Importer and wholesale dealer in
WINE, BRANDY, GIN, CORDIAL, &c.
DRUGGISTS, Grocers, and Liquor Dealers,
will find it to their advantage to give me a
call. I will sell the goods direct from the Cus
tom House at New York prices.
Old Cincinnati Rye Whisky always on hand,
with a choice sssorlment of Wines, Brandies,
Gins, Cordial &i dec 3 3m
JOHN R. ELVANS,
309 PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE,
Between Ninth and Tenth streets,
COACH AND CABINET HARDWARE,
BAR-IRON, STEEL, Ao.
Sidy or Tin Ann and Hamiiir.
nov 26 lmeod.
Corner of Lid ana avenue and S cond street,
Washington, V. C.
BOOKS, Pamphlet'", Wood Engravings, and
Jobs of all kinds, Stercot) ped to order. A
variety of Business Cuts on hand, for sale, cheap
lor casb. u. w. .MUUKAY, stereotyper.
WISH all gentlemen to bear' K
iu mind Itiat tbe man wmiu 1
idopled, six years ago, of selling
HATd and BOOTS at greatly reduced prices, for
cash, Is In successful operation. Just received,
a full supply of the latest New York styles nf
DRESS HATS. The very finest Hat at S3 50 ;
a hrst-rate Hat, S3 ; and very good, fashionable
Hat, $i.50. All of tbe latest styles of soft II ATS
and CAPS, at the very lowist prices. I am
constantly supplied with a very large slock ot
those fino DRESS BOOTS, at $3.75 which I
have been selling for many jears asv.cll ns
tbe very best quality of Patent Leather GAIT
ERS, at S3 50 Fine French Calfskin Gaiters,
from $1 to $2 50.
Terms cash. No extrv chargo In order to off
set bad debts. ANTUON , Agent for tbe Manu
facturers, Seventh street, second Hat Store from
tho corner, opposite Avenue House, No 540.
TO HOUSEKEEPERS OF WASHINGTON,
GEORGETOWN, AND VICINITY.
WE invite the attention of housekeepers to
our very large and beautilul stock ot
China, Glass, and Earthen Ware,
Which is now rendered complete iu every depart
ment by our recent Importations.
We deem it unnecessary to enumerato articles,
as we have everything that Is usually Kipt In
tbe China busluoss, from rich decorated French
China Dinner and Tea Suts, to thu ordinary
Earthen Ware) and, as we import the majority of
our goods, we are prepared to furnish the best
quality, either to the wholesale or retail trade,
as low ns any of tbe linporliug bouses of Balti
more. English end Amedeau Cutlery of superior
Also, Horn, Buuk, and Cocoa-handled Cutlery,
from tlio same factories.
Silver-plated Ware on tine albata, warranted.
A large stqck of Coal Oil Lamps, numerous
Parlor Lamp-shades nnd Chimneys.
Out Glass Globes.
lliadutti Glasses, Fancy Articles, Tuvs, ic.
C. S FOWLER A. CO.,
dec 4-eo 50 1 Odd Fellow.' Hall, 7th street
Some Opinions of Mr. Lincoln.
SELKOTKIl VERUATIV FROM IMS SPEECHES, AMD
rEUTINLNT TO THE PRESENT OCCASION.
"I say that we must not interfere with tho
institution of slavery in the States where it ex
ists, because tliu Constitution forbids it, and the
general welfare doc not require us to do so.
Wo must not withhold mi efficient fugitivo slave
law, because the Constitution requires us, ns I
understand it, not to withhold such a law. But
we must moment the out-spreading of the in
stitution, because neither the Constitution nor
the general welfare requires us to extend it.
Wo must prevent tho revival of the African
slave trade, and tho enacting by Congress of n
Territorial slnvo code. We must prevent each
of these things being done by either Congress
or courts. Tho people of tbe United States are
the rightful masters of both Congresses and
courts not to overthrow tho Constitntion, but
overthrow the men who pervert the Constitu
tion I " Sjeech at Cincinnati, September 18,
" I hold myself under constitutional obliga
tions to allow the people in ull the States, with
out interference, direct or indirect, to do exact
ly as they please; and I deny that I have any
inclination to iutorfcru with them, even if there
were no such constitutional obligation. I can
only say again, that I am placed improperly
nltogether improperly, in spite of ull that I can
s.i when it is insisted that I entertain any
other views or purposes in regard to that mat
ter (slavery.)" Sjicah at Jvnesborough, III.,
Srpt. 10, 1858.
" While it (slavery) drives on in its state of
progress as it ii now driving, and as it has
driven for tho Inst five yenrs, I have cnturcd
the opinion, and say today, that we will have
no end to the slavery agitation until it takes
one turn or the other. I do not mean that when
it takes a turn toward ultimate extinction it
will ho in n day, nor in a )enr, nor in two
vears. I do not suppose that in the moit peace
lul way ultimate extinction would occur in less
than n hundred years at least ; but that it will
occur in the best way fur both races, in God's
own good time, I have no doubt." Sjiecch at
Charleston, III, Sept. 18, 1858.
" Mr. Douglas's popular sovereignty, as a
principle, is simply this: If one man chooses
to make a slave of another, neither that man
nor anybody else has a right to object."
Speech at Cincinnati, Sept. 17, 1859.
" I hnve intimated that I thought the agita
tion (of slavery) would not cense until a crisis
should bo reached mid passed. I have stated
in what way I have thought it would bo reached
nnd passed. We might, by arresting the fur
ther spread of it, and placing it whero the
fathers originally placed it, put it where the
public mind should rest in the belief thut it was
in the course of ultimate extinction. Thus the
agitation may cease. It may be pushed for
ward until it shall betoino alike lawful in all
the States, old as well as new, North as well as
South. I entertain tho opinion, upon evidence
sufficient to my mind, that the fathers of this
Government placed that institution where the
public mind did rest in the belief that it was in
the course of ultimate extinction: and when I
desire to Bee tho further spread of it arrested, I
only say that I desire to see that done which
the fathers havo first done. It is not true that
our fathers, as Judge Douglas assumes, made
this Government part slave and part free. Un
derstand the Bense in which he puts it ho as
sumes that slavery is a rightful thing within
itself was introduced by the framers of the
Constitution. Tho exact truth is, that they
found the institution existing nmong us, ana
they left it ns they found it. But in making
the Government, they left this institution with
many clear marks of disapprobation upon it.
They found slavery among them, nnd they left
it among them becauso of thu difficulty the
absolute impossibility of its immediate re
moval." Speech at Alton, OU. 18, 1858.
' Let mo say I have no prejudice against the
Southern people. They are just what we would
bo in their situation. If slavery did not exist
among them they would not introduce it. If
it did now uxist among us, we should not in
stau'.lv give it up. This I belie vo of ihe masses,
Noith und South. Doubtless thero nro indi
viduals ou both sides who would not hold slaves
uudtr any circumstances ; nnd others who
would gladly introduce slavery anew if it were
now out of existence. Wo know that some
Southern men do free their slaves, go North,
and become tip-top abolitionists; while some
Northern ones go South, and become most cruel
" When Southern people tell us thoy are no
more responsible for the origin of slavery than
we arc, 1 acknowledge the fact. When it is
suid that thu institution exists, nnd that it is
very difficult to get rid ol it iu any satisfactory
way, I can undeistand and appreciate thu say
ing. I surely will not blame them for not do
ing whut I should out know how to do myself.
It nil earthly power were given ino, I should
not know what to do, as to tho existing institu
tion. My first impulse would be to frco all the
slaves, and send them to Liberia to their own
native laud. Hut a luoinent'o reflection would
convince me, that whatever of high hope (as I
think theie is) thero may be in this, in the long
run, its sudden executiou is impossible. It
they wcro all landed there in u day, they would
perish in the next tun days ; and there are not
surplus shipping and surplus money enough in
the world to carry thorn there in many times
ten days. What then ? Free them all, and
keep them among us as underlings ? Is it quite
certain that this betters their condition? I
think I would not hold oue iu slavery at any
rato j yet tho point isliot clear enough to de
nounce people upon. Whut next? Free them,
and mako them politically and socially our
equals? My own feelings will not admit of
this; and it uuuu would, we well Know uiui
those ot thu groat mass nl whito people will nut.
Whether this felling accords with ju&lico ui.d
sound judgment, is not thu sole quiotiou, il,
indeed, it is any part of it. A universal leel
ing, whether well or ill founded, cauuot be
sifcly disregarded. Wo culiuot, then, mako
them equals. It does seem to me that sys
tems of gradual emancipation might be adopt
id: but for that taidincsi iu this respect, I
will not undertake to judgu our brethren of the
" hen thoy remind us of their constitutional
rights, I acknowledge them, not grudgingly,
but fully and fairly, and I would givo them
an) legislation for tbe reclaiming of their lugi
lives, which should not, iu its stringency, be
inoro likely to curry a freo man into slavery
that our ordinary criminal laws are to haug an
innocent one." Speech at Otlowa, III., Aug.
" Has anything ever threatened the oxistence
of this Union, save and except this very institu
tion of slavery ? What is it that we hold most
dear amongst ns? Our own liberty and pros
perity. What has ever threatened our liberty
and prosperity, save and except this institution
of slavery ? If this is true, bow do you propose
to improve the condition of things by enlarging
slavery by spreading it out, and making it
' You may havo a wen or cancer on your
person, and not bo able to cut it out, lest you
meed to death ; but surely it is no way to cure
it to engraft it, and spread it over your whole
body. That is no proper way of treating what
you regard as a wrong." Speech at Alton, Oct.
" I suppose most of us (I know it of myself)
believe that the peoplo of the Southern States
are entitled to a Congressional fugitive slave
law. As tho right is constitutional, I agree
that the legislation shall be granted to it, and
that not that we like the ins'itution of slavery.
We profess to hnve no taste for running and
catching negroes; at least, I profess no taste
for that job at all. Why, then, do I yield sup
port to a fugitive slave law 7 Because I do not
understand that the Constitution, which guar
anties that right, can be supported without
it," Speech at Alton, Oct. 15, 858.
" The real issue in this controversy the one
pressing upon every mind is the sentiment on
the part ot ono class that looks upon the insti
tution of slavery as a wrong, nnd of another
class that docs not look upon it as a wrong.
The sentiment that contemplates the institution
of slavery in this country as a wrong, is the
sentiment of the Republican party. They look
upon it ns being a moral, social, and political
wrong; and while they contemplate it as such,
they nevertheless hnve due regard for its actual
existence among us, nnd the difficulties of get
ting lid of it in any satisfactory way, and to all
the constitutional obligations thrown about it.
Yet h wing a duo regard for these, they desire
a policy iu regard to it that looks to its not cre
ating nuy moro danger. They insist thut it
should, ns far as may be, bo treated as a wrong ;
and oue of the methods of treating it as a
.wrong is to muke provision that it snail grow
no larger. If there bo a man among us who
does not think that the institution of slavery is
wrong in any of the aspects of which I have
spoken, ho is misplaced, and ought not to be
with us. And if there be a man amongst us
who is so impatient of it as a wrong as to dis
regard its actual presence among ns, and the
dilhculty of getting rid of it suddenly in a sat
isfactory wu), and to disregard the constitu
tional obligations thrown about it, that man is
misplaced if he is on our platform." Seech at
Alton, Oct. 15, 1858.
A FEW WORDS TO THE SOOTH.
" Wc the Republicans, and others, forming
the opposition of the country, intend to ' stand
by our guns,' to bo patient and firm, and in the
long run to beat you. When we do beat you,
you perhaps want to know what we will do
with you. I will tell you, so far as I am au
thorized to speak for tho opposition, what we
mean to do with you. Wc mean to treat you,
as nearly as we possibly can, as Washington,
Jefferson, and Madison, treated you. We mean
to leave you alone, and in no way interfere
with your institution ; to abido by every com
promise of the Constitution : ana, in a word,
coming back to the original proposition, to
treat you as far as.degcnerated men (if we have
degenerated! may, according to the examples
of those noblo fathers Washington, Jefferson,
and Madison. We mean to remember that you
are ns good as we are ; that there is no dif
ference between us, other than the difference
of circumstances. We mean to recognise and
bear iu mind, always, that you have as good
hearts in your bosoms as other people, or as
wo claim to have, and to treat ou accord
ingly. Speech at Cincinnati, Sept. 17, 1859.
FOR COUGHS, COLDS, &c.
YElfS CIIUKUY PECTORAL.
Jay no's Expectorant.
Tyler's Syrup Gum Arabic.
Brown's Bronchial Troches.
AVistar's Cough Lozenges.
Wistar's Balsam Wild Cherry.
Swnjne's Sjrnp Wild Cherry.
Bryant's Pulmonic Wafers.
For sale by CHARLES STOTT,
No. 375 Pennsylvania avenue,
nov 26 tnwlm
EDMUND F. BROWN,
Notary Public, Commisiioner of the Court of
Claims anajor lie mate or uattjornia, ana
Attorney for business in the several Depart
ments, IS prepared to take Depositions for the Court
of Claims, and thu Courts in the several States
and Territories ; and also to act as Counsellor
end Attorney for business before the different
Departments of Government.
Deeds, Wills, and other Writings, prepared,
and Acknowledgments taken.
Ofllce, 402 F street, next to Seventh street, op
posite the Post Olllce and Palest Ulhce.
dec 4 2aw3m
Faints, Oils, and Window Glass.
LEWIS'S pure White Lead.
French Zinc, pure.
Sterling White Lead, in tins, at $1 and $2 each.
Chrome, Green and Yellow.
Ochre, Red and Yellow.
Red Lead, Fire-Proof Paint.
Window Glass, all sizes, and Putty.
For sale very low for cash, by
nov JO tawliu No. 375 Penn. avenue.
MRS. N. L. DONALDSON
"OEGS leave to Inlonn the public of Washing-
J.J lun that she iinsopeneaamuiuuiwiriiic,
GALLERY, No. 18 Ci utre Market Space, Tenn
avenuo, betw een Eighth and Ninth streets, where
she is pre'pired to take Pictures of all sizes
and 6tylos j Photogrrp'is and Spheiootypes, with
neatness and diqiatui , also, Copies from Da
guereotjpes nnd Putuiei of all kinds, either In
clear or gloomy weather.
My rooms uie conveniently situated but one
sbort flight ot stairs to hitting Room so that
aged or debilitated persons may sit for Pictures
with but little inconvenience. Photographs can
bo foi warded to any part of tbe country by mail.
I guaranty perfect satisfaction to all who may
favor me with their patrouage.
Dec 4 3teod
Resolved, That we, the delegated representa
tives of the Republican Electors of the United
States, in Convention assembled, In discharge
of the duty we owo to our constituents and our
country, unite In the following declarations :
First. That the history of the nation during
the last four years has fully established the pro
priety and necessity of the organization and per
petuation of tbe Republican party, and that the
cansea which called It Into existence are perma
nent In their nature, and now, more than ever
before, demand its peaceful and constitutional
Second. That the maintenance of the princlnles
promulgated In the Declaration of Independence,
and embodied in the Federal Constitution, "that
all men are created equal ; that they are endowed
by their Creator with certain unalienable rights;
that among these are life, liberty, nnd the pur
suit of happiness that to secure these rights,
Governments are instituted among men, deriving
their justpowers from tbeconscnt of thegoverned,"
is essential to the preservation of our republican
institutions; and that the Federal Constitution,
the rights of the Slates, and tho Union of the
States, must and shall be preserved.
Third. That to the Union of the States this
nation owes its unprecedented increase In popu
lation ; Its surprising development of material
resources ; Its rapid augmentation of wealth ;
Its happiness at home and Its honor abroad ; and
we hold In abhorrence all schemes for disunion,
come from whatever source they may; and we
congratulate the country that no Rertublican
member of Congress has uttered or countenanced
a threat of disunion, so often made by Demo
cratic members without rebuke and with ap
plause from their political associates ; and we
denounce those threats of disunion, In case of
a popular overthrow of their ascendency, as de
nying the vital principles of a free Government,
and as an avowal of contemplated treason, which
it Is the imperative duty of an Indignant people
sternly to rebuke and forever silence.
Fourth. That the maintenance Inviolate of
the rights of the States, and especially the right
of each State to order and control its own do
mestic Institutions, according to Its own judg
ment exclusively, is essential to that balance of
power on which the perfection and endurance of
our political fabric depends; and we denounce
the lawless Invasion by armed force or the soil
of any State or Territory, no matter under what
pretext, as nmong the gravest or crimes.
Ffth. That the present Democratic Adminis
tration has far exceeded our worst apprehensions
In lis measureless subserviency to tbe exactions
of a sectional Interest, as especially evidenced
in its desperate exerttons to force the infamous
Lecompton Constitution upon the protesting peo
ple of Kansas In construing the personal rela
tion between master and servant to involve an
unqualified property in persons in its attempted
enforcement everywhere, on land and sea, through
tbe Intervention of Congress and of the Federal
courts, of tbe extreme pretensions of a purely lo
cal Interest, and in its general and unvarying abuse
of the power intrusted to it by a confiding people.
Sixth. That the people justly view with alarm
tho reckless extravagance which pervades every
department of the Federal Government; that a
return to rigid economy and accountability is in
dispensable to arrest the systematic plunder of the
public Treasury by favored partisans ; while the
recent startling developments of frauds and cor
ruptions at the Federal metropolis show that an
entire change of Administration is imperatively
Seventh. That the new dogma that the Constl
tutloa of Its own force carries slavery Into any
or all of tho Territories of the Unitid States, Is a
dangerous political heresy, at variance with the
explicit provisions of that Instrument Itself, with
cotemporaneous exposition, and with legislative
and judicial precedent; is revolutionary in Its
tendency, and subversive of the peace and har
mony of the country.
Eighth. That tho normal condition of all the
territory of the United States is that of Freedom;
that as our republican fathers, when they bad
abolished slavery Iu all our national territory,
ordained that "no person should be deprived of
life, liberty, or proper!) , without due process of
law," It becomes our duty, by legislation, when
ever such legislation Is necessary, to maintain
this provision of the Constitution against all at
tempts to violate it; and we deny the authority
of Congress, of a Territorial Legislature, or of
any individuals, to givo legtl existence to sla
very In any Territory of tbe United States.
Ninth. That we brand the recent reopening of
the African slave trade, under tbe cover of our
national flag, aided by perversions of judicial
power, as a crime against humanity, and a burning
shame to our country und age ; and we call upon
Congress to take prompt and efllcinnt measures
for tho total and imal suppression of that exe
Tenth. That In the recent vetoes by their Fed
eral Governors of the nets of the Legislatures
ot Kansas and Nebraska, prohibiting slavery in
those Territories, we find a practical illustration
of Ihe boasted Democrutio principle of non-intervention
and popular sovereignty embodied in
tbe Kansas-Nebraska bill, and a demonstration
of the deception and fraud Involved therein.
VAtventh. That Kansas should of right be im
mediately admitted as a State under tbe Consti
tution recently foimed and adopted by her people,
and accepted by tho House of Representatives.
Tweljlh. Tbat while providing revenue for the
support of the General Government by duties
upon Imports, sound policy requires such an ad
justment of these Imposts as to encourage the de
velopment ot tbe Industrial interests of tbe whole
country ; and wc commend that policy of nation
al exchanges, which secures to the working men
liberal wages, to agriculture remunerating prices,
to mechanics and manufacturers an adequate
reward for their skill, labor, and enterprise, and
to the nation commercial prosperity and inde
pendence. Thirutntn. mat we proiesi against any saie
or alienation to others of the puhllc lands held
by actual settlers, and against any view of the
tree homestead policy which regards the settlers
as paupers or supplicants tor public bounty ; and
we demand the passage by Congress ol the com
plete and satisfactory homestead measure which
bus already passed the House.
Fourteenth. That the Republican party is op
posed to any change in our naturalization laws,
or any Statu legislation by which tbe rights of
citizenship hitherto accorded to immigrants from
foreign lands shall be abridged or impaired ; and
in favor of giving a full and efficient protection
to the rights of all classes of citizens, whether
nrtive or naturalized, both at borne and abroad.
Fif'cttih. That appropriations by Congress
for river and harbor Improvements of a nation
al character, required for tbe accommodation
and security of an existing commerce, are author
ized by the Constitution and justified by an ob
ligation of the Government to protect the lives
and property of its citizens.
Sixteenth. That a railroad to the PaclSe Ocean
Is Imperatively demanded by tbe Interests of the
whole country; tbat the Federal Government
ought to render Immediate and efficient aid in
its construction; and that, as preliminary thereto,
a dally overland mail should be promptly es
tablished. Seventtenth. Finally, having thus set forth our
distinctive principles and views, we Invite the
co-operation of all citizens, however differing on
other questions, who substantially agree with ns,
In their affirmance and support.
BELL AND EVERETT PLATFORM.
Whereas experience has demonstrated that
platforms adopted by tho partisan Conventions
of the country have had the effect to mislead
and deceive the peoplo, and at the same time
to widen the political divisions of the country,
by the creation and encouragement of geograph
ical and sectional parties : therefore,
Resolved, That it is both tho part of patriot
ism and of duty to recognise no political prin
ciple other than the Constitution of the country,
the union of the Slates, and the enforcement
of the laws ; and that as representatives of the
Constitutional Union men of the country, in
National Convention nssembled, wo hereby
pledge ourselves to maintain, protect, and de
fend, separately and unitedly, these great prin
ciples of public liberty and national safety
ngniust all enemies, at dome and abroad, be
lieving thereby peace may once more be re
etond to the country, tho just rights of tho
people and of the States re established, and the
Goverment again placed in that condition of
justice, fraternity, nnd equality, which, under
the example nnd Constitution of our fathers,
has solemnly bound every citizen of the United
States to maintain a more perfect union, estab
lish justice, iusuro domestic tranquillity, pro
vide for the common defence, promote the gen
eral welfare, and secure the blessings of liber
ty to ourselves nnd our posterity.
DOUGLAS AND JOHNSON PLATFORM.
Itcsohed, That wc, tbe Democracy of the
Union, in Convention assembled, hereby de
clare our affirmance of the resolutions unani
mously adopted and declared as a platform of
principles by the Democratic Convention at
Cincinnati, in the year 1856, believing that
Democratic principles are unchangeable in
their nature, when applied to the same subject
matter; and wo recommend as tho only further
resolutions the following :
Jlesolved, That it is the dnty of the United
States to afford ample and complete protection
to all its citizens, whether at home or abroad,
and whether native or foreign.
Resolved, That one of the necessities of the
age, in a military, commercial, and postal
point of view, is speedy communication be
tween the Atlantic and Pacific States; and
the Democratic party pledge such constitution
al government aid as will insure the construc
tion of a railroad to the 1'acifio coast at the
earliest practicable period.
Resolved, That the Democratic party are in
favor of the acquisition of the island of Cuba,
on such terms as shall be honorable to our
selves and just to Spain.
Resolved, That the enactment of State Leg
islatures to defeat the faithful execution of tho
fugitive slave law are hostile in character, sub
versiv o of the Constitution, aud revolutionary
in their effect.
Resolved, That in accordance with the in
terpretation of the Cincinnati platform, that,
during the existence of the Territorial Govern
ments, the measure of restriction, whatever it
may be, imposed by the Federal Constitution
on tho power of tho Territorial Legislature
over the subject of the domestic relations, ns
tho fa mo has been, or shall hereafter be, finally
determined by tho Supremo Court of tho Uni
ted States, should be respected by all good
citizens, nnd enforced with promptness and
fidelity by every branch of the Geueral Gov
ernment. BRECKINRIDGE AND LANE PLATFORM.
Rrsulved, That the platform adopted by the
Democratic party at Cincinnati bo affirmed,
with the following explanatory resolutions:
I'irKt. That tho Government of n Territory
organized by an net of Congress is provisional
and temporary, and during its existence all lit
irens of the United States have an equal right
10 seme wun luuir property in cue lerriiuvic,
without their rights, either of person or prop
erty, being destroyed or impaired by Congres
sional or Territorial legislation.
Second. That it is the duty of the Federal
Government, in nil its departments, do protect,
when necessary, the rights of persons and prop
erty in tho Territories, and wherever else, its
constitutional authority extends.
Third. That when the settlers of a Territory,
having an adequate population, form a Stato
Constitution, the right of sovereignty com
mences, and, being consummated by admission
into the Union, they stand on an equal footing
with the peoplo of other States ; and the Stato
thus orguuized ought to be admitted into the
Federal Union, whether its Constitution pro
hibits or recognises the institution of slavery.
Resohtd, That tho Democratic party aro in
fuvor of the acquisition of the island of Cuba
on such terms ns will be honorable to ourselves
and just to Spain, at the earliest practicable
Resolved, That tho enactment of Stato Legis
latures to defeat tho faithful executiou of tho
fugitiv u slavo law are hostile in character, sub
versivo of the Constitution, and revolutionary
in their effect.
Resolved, That the Democracy of the United
Slates recognise it as tbe imperative duty of this
Government to protect tho naturalized citizen
in all his rights, whether at homo or in foreign
lands, to tho samo extent as its native-born cit
izens. W hcreas one of tho greatest necessities of
the age, in a political, commercial, postal, and
military point f view, is a speedy communica
tion betweon tho l'aciiic and Atlantic coasts ;
therelore be it
Readied, '1 hat tho National Democratic party
do hereby pledge themselves to use every means
in their powir to secure the passage of soma
bill, to thu extent of tho constitutional author
ity of Congress, for the construction of a Pa
cific railroad from the Mississippi river to the
Pacific ocean, at the earliest practicable moment.