it. ..'" ' ' I i
THE NATIONAL REPUBLICAN
On Seventh itrtet, near B, opposite the General
Poat ODlce, by
LEWIS CLEPHANE & CO.
To cltj subscribers, six cents per week, paya
ble to the carriers.
To mall subscribers, three dollars and Bfljr
cents per annum, payable In advance.
One square 1 three days fl.00
On square,' fotdarc.ia.,:5aM3S,"l.. 1.25
One square, five days............................ 1.50
One square, six day 1.75
One square, two'ttek:'.';.iJ...,..0,1;1.;...' J.75
One square, three wsks......ij.'jv,'j3:;f3;50
One square, one m,onth.....,w,.,...ni)oo
One square, three, months ... 10.00
One square, six months.. .'...'.. .'....'..r..'.,., ,.-.'! DO
One square, one year .vVi.f.1 30.00
Every other day stud fence week advertise
ments, fifty per cent, sdvancs on lbs above
Inserted as reading matter, Un cents a line.
Church and other notices and wants, twenty
fire cents for each insertion.
Ten lines or less constitute a square.
Vol. I. WASHINGTON, D. C, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER .19, 1860. No. 20.
, 1 i , i i
i a n . v
I - - --- "V -V . ifc.
PRICE ONE CENT.
THE UNI OK.
Thoa too, sail on, 0 Ship of State,
Sail on, 0 Union, strong and great I
Humanity, with all Its Teats,
With all the hopes of future years,
Is banging breathless on thy fate I
We know what master laid tby keel,
What workmen wrought thy ribs of steel,
Who made each mast, and sail, and ropo,
What anvil's ring, what hammer's beat,
In what forgo and what a heat,
Were shaped the anchor of thy Hope I
Fear not each sudden sound and shock,
TIa of the ware, and not the rock,
'Tis but the Capping of the sail,
And not a rent made by the gale I
In spite of rock and tempest roar,
In spite of false lights on the shore,
Satl on, nor Tear to breast the sea I
Our hearts, our hopes, our prayers, our tears,
Our faith triumphant o'er our fears,
Areall with thee are all with thee I
MB. JEFFERSON ON SECESSION.
In a letter to John Taylor, written in 1798,
Mr. Jefferson says :
"In every freo and deliberating society,
there mnst, from the nature of man, be oppo
site parties and violent dissensions and dis
cords j and one of these, for the moat part,
mnst prevail over tho other for a longer or
shorter time. Perhaps this party division is
necessary to induce each to watch and to re
port to the people the procceedings of the
other. But if, on a temporary superiority of
the one party, the other is to resort to a scis
sion of the Union, no Federal Government can
ever exist. If, to rid ourselves of the preseut
rule of Massachusetts and Connecticut, wo
break the Union, will the evil stop there?
Suppose the New England Slates nlonc cut
off, will our nature be changed ? Are we not
men still to the south of that, and with all the
passioifs of men ? Immediately wu shall see a
Pennsylvania and a Virginia party arise in the
residuary Confederacy, and the public mind
will be distracted by the fcnino pnrty spirit.
What a game, too, will the one party have in
their hands, by eternally threatening the other
that unless they do so and so they will join
their Northern neighbors? If we reduce our
Union to Virginia and North Carolina, im
mediately the conflict will be established be
tween the Representatives of these two States,
and they will end by breaking into their
simple units. Seeing, therefore, that an asso
ciation of men who will not quarrel with one
another is ft thing which never yet existed,
from the greatest Confederacy of nations down
to a town meeting or a vestry seeing that we
must have somebody to quarrel with, I had
rather keep our New England associates for
that purpose, than to see our bickerings trans
ferred to others."
No Conferences witii Virginia on Mary
land. The Charleston Mercury, in a long re
view of Gen. Quitman's biography, jays :
" Our popular instincts, which hoot at the
idea of Union-savers coming among us, are
right. How can Virginia, or Maryland, or any
other State, now have the face to invite South
Carolina or Mississippi to a conference 1 They
would deserve to be hooted out of every decent
society. They refused to confer when confer
ence might have saved tho Confederacy, and
would they now come to persuade us to new
compromises simply to .save the flesh pots of
their pap-seeKers at wasntngton xesi near
thetp, if you please treat them with civility
feed them, and drench them in champagne,
and let them go I Let us act as if they had
never come as if they had not spoken as if
they did not exist and let them seek to pre
serve Treasury-pap through some more supple
-agency than ours. The time has gone by when
the voice of a Virginia politician, though he
coo like a dove, should be heard in the laud of
a patriotic people."
Tus Cowardice or Secession. Tho Vicks
burg (Mississippi) Whig says :
"The idea of the South being frightened out
of the Union is base, cowardly, and unmanly.
The men who advise it urge her to run away,
not only before she is whipped, but before she
is even struck. The Government of the Union
owns hundreds of millions of public lands, to
say nothing of the millions which have been
invested in the public buildings at Washington,
in the naval ships, in the forts and arsenals, and
in the custom nouses and post offices. The
people of the several States are joint tenants of
this vast propeity ; and the proposition of the
disunionists is for the South to abandon it all,
from sheer cowardice, from the simplo appre
hension that the Republican President maypos
libly invade Southern rights. Would any in
dividual allow himself to bo frightened out of
his private property in this manner? Would
any man of spirit act upon such policy t'
Governor Letcher has written a letter to the
clergymen of Richmond, in reply to their ro
queet that -he would'appoint a day 6f fasting
and prayer to be observed in Virginia, de
clining to accede to their request, because the
Executive cannot interpose in such matters
without contravening tho spirit, if not the let
ter, of the Bill of Rights of the Constitution
and of the act for tho establishment of relig
A Shoemaker for Mayoii. 'Mr. Breed, the
newly elected mayor of Lynn, is a working shoe
maker, and quietly occupied Ills bench for the
greater part of the election day. On Tuesday
evening, about three hundred workingtnen met
to congratulate him on his election, and pre
sented him with a mammoth broom, with a re
quest that he would " sweep clean."
The Conservatist, published at Newberry,
South Carolina, inserts the bogus letter of the
Baltimore National Volunteers, tendering their
services to Governor Gist, and says; " he con
tinues to receive many such from individuals
and companies." We have no doubt of it.
Tbe Governor is easily hoaxed.
Only 15 cents per bottle, at BONTZ 4 GRIF
FITH'S, No 3pD Seventh street, between I and
Warranted the Genuine Spalding Glue.
dec 15 eod lm
No. 318 Pennsylvania avenue, between Sixth and
Seventh streets, Washington, D. C,
MANUFACTURER OF GENTLEMEN'S
FASHIONABLE BOOTS & SHOES,
HAS at all times a sufficient, force of the most
experienced hands to make promptly to or
der every variety of work in his line, lie has on
his shelves a very good supply of work of bis own
make. Also, a general supply of Northern work,
direct from the Manufacturers, as well as from
Auction, and assures the publl? that no house
in this or ny other city can supply, WHOLE
SALE or RETAIL, at lower rates. nov 20
THE advertiser respectfully invites the atten
tion of his friends and the public In general
to his new stock of
Cloths, Cassimcres, and Vestingj.
lie has nUvaya on hand goods suitable for the
season, which he would be pleased to make up
to order on as liberal terms as any other estab
lishment In this city.
E. M. DREW, Aeent,
G street, next to Dank ot Washington,
ICE CItBAM, Water Ices, Wedding Cukes,
Pound Cakes, Mince Pici, Pastry, Crusts for
Oyster I'ies, Jellies, and a general assortment of
nice things in the Confectionery line, at FUS
SELL'S, corner of Twelfth aOd F streets, at the
lowest prices. nov 30 lm
THE BEST ASSORTMENT EVER OFFERED
IN THIS CITY.
THOSE who desire to select from new patterns,
with the advantage of a reduction In prices,
will call early and examine.
We would also call tbe attention of persons
about introducing gas Into their dwellings to our
Increased facilities, and consequeut low prices,
for this branch of our trade.
Inviting all who desire their work done
promptly, and fiee from gas leakages, to call at
2G9 Pennsylvania avenue, between Tenth and
Eleventh streets, south side.
nov 26 J. W. THOMPSON k CO.
THE ROYAL TURKISH TOWELS.
Bathing Sponges, Velvet Sponges, Bath
Drown Windsor Soap, Honey Soaps.
Lubin's Soaps and Extracts. '
Genuine German Cologne, all sites, wick
ers and plain bottles.
Bazln'a Soaps and Extracts.
Phalon's Soaps and Extracts.
Pomades of all kinds.
Hair Tonics, &c.
With a full assortment of new Perfumery.
Hair Brushes, Combs, Tooth Brushes.
Fresh Medicines, Pure Chemicals, &c.
Just received at OILMAN'S
New Drug Store, 350 Penn. Av.
Congress, Empire, Saratoga, Bedford, Blue
Lick, and White Sulphur Waters, always on
band, as above. dec 3
DOCTOR JOSEPH T. HOWARD.
OFFICE No. 360 Fifth street, and at Shuman's
Drug Store, under the Clarendon Hotel,
dec 4 sin
By the Day, Week, or Month, with or without
MRS. M. A. MILLS, having taken and fitted
up. in handsome style, that lartro and
pleasant bouse, No. 501 Pennsylvania avenue,
third door east ot Third street, between the St.
Charles Hotel and Adams's Express Ollice, near
the Capitol and railroad depot, is now prepared
to accommodate Transient or Permanent Guests
with pleasant rooms, with or without Board,
AMERICAN AND ENGLISH PICKLES,
CHOW CHOW, 1 .,
CHOW CHOW, 1
White and Brown ONIONS, J
Worcestershire Sauce, Soyer's Sultana, Read
ing, Harvey, and Anchovy SAUCES.
For sale by JESE B. WILSON,
327 Pa. ar., between Sixth und Seventh
nov 26 street;, souh 'side.
HAMS! HAMS ! I
rHAVE In Btore Maryland New HAMS, sugar
cured, prepared for family use.
JESSE D. WILSON,
327 Pa. av., between Sixth and Seventh
nov 26. streets, south side.
DR. W. P. McCONNELL,
SURGEON DENTIST, continues his operations
at bis old stand, on Pennsylvania avenue,
one door east of the St. Charles Hotel, where he
will be pleased to have a call from all persons
desiring anything done in his line of business,
EDMUND F. BROWN,
Notary Public, Commissioner of the Court of
Claims and for the Stale of California, and
Attorney for business in the literal Depart
ments, IS prepared to take Depositions for the Court
of Claims, and the Courts lu the several States
and Territories ; und also to act as Counsellor
end Attorney for business before the different
Departments of Government.
Deeds, Wills, and other Writings, prepared,
and Acknowledgments taken.
Office, 402 Fsireet, next'to Seventh street, op
posite (he Post Office and Patent Office,
dec 1 2aw::ni
WHOSE time Is not fully occupied at present,
wishes to get employment in copying doc
uments, making out accounts, or anything be
longing to the line of a clerk.
Apply at No. 470 Ninth street, between D
and E. dec 18
Seventh Street Crockery Depot,
381 Seventh street, under Doriey'i Hotel,) " Sign
of the riatet," Washington, D. C.
CROCKERY, aiass, Cutlery, Coal-Oil Lamps,
Kerosene and Coal Oil, at lowest prices,
490 Seventh itrtet,
VOU can find a complete assortment of House
keeping Hardware, Cutlery, 8ilrer-plated
Ware, Britannia, Block Tin, and Japanned Ware,
Door Mats, Table Mats, Feather Dusters, Clocks,
and all the useful articles for Housekeeping,
together with Ladles' Satchels, Card Cases,
Purses, Fans, Combs, Brushes, Baskets, &c,
Ac., all selected with great care, bought for
cash, and will be sold at the very lowest prices.
Purcbnsers will do well to remember
House-Furnishing Stoic, No. 490 Seventh street,
I HAVE furnished my agent, LAHMOND,
Seventh street, with a large stock of Tojs and
Fancy Notions, with orders to sell tbem cheaper
than any ether house in tbe lty, for rash,
dtc 17 3t KUISS KRINOLE.
LADD, WEBSTER, k CO.'S
IMPROVED TIGHT-STITCH SEWING
A few of the many reasons why these Sewing
Machines are prejerred alioee all others.
1. They are remarkably simple In their con
struction. A ohild ran operate tbem, and
understand the mechanism.
2. They are the strongest Sewing Machine
made. It Is almost Impossible to break or get
them out of order.
3. They are sure in their operation; finishing
the work in a uniformly perfect manner.
4. They make a tight lock-stitch, alike on both
rides of tbe work, which cannot be unravelled.
5. They stitch, hem, bind, fell, run, and gather,
G. They sew equally well the lightest and the
7. They sew over the heaviest seams without
changing the tension or breaking the finest
8. They use any No. of Cotton, Thread, or
Silk, directly from the spool.
9. They use a straight needle; curved ones
are liable to break.
10. The needle has a perpendicular motion.
This Is absolutely necessary for heavy work.
11. Tbey have a wheel feed ; none others are
in constant contact with the work.
12. They run easily and almost noiseless.
U. They are not liable to oil the dress of the
14. They do not require a screw-driver to set
15. They do not have to be taken apart to oil
16. They do not form ridges on tbe nnder side
of the work, nor ravel out, nor are they waste
ful of thread, as Is the case with all chain-stitch
17. They are capable of doing a greater range
of work, and In a more perfect manner, than any
other Sewing Machine, as is proved by the result
of our challenge for a trial, which has never been
LADD, WEBSTER, & CO.,
348 Pennsylvania avenue,
nov 20 Janney's Store.
Fine Old Whisky.
1 rt BARRELS FINE OLD RYE WniSKY.
1 J 10 barrels superior old Bourbon do.
6 barrels Gibson's XXXX old rye do.
10 do. do. XXX do. do.
20 do. do. XX do. do.
40 do. do. X do. do.
50 do. medium Rye and Bourbon do.
100 dozen old Cabinet, Rye, and Bourbon
25 fire gallon demijohns very superior old
In store, and for sale by
E. E. WHITE k CO.,
No. 03 Louisiana avenue, between
Sixth and Seventh streets, opposite
dec 15 the Bank of Washington.
Fresh Fruits and Vegetables.
Green Corn, Green Beans,
Green Tomatoes, Fresh Peaches,
Brandy Peaches, Lima Beans,
French Peas, Asparagus,
Mushrooms, Capers and Olives,
Olives Stuffed in Oil. Spanish do.
New Raisius, Almonds,
Dates, Prunes, Figs, &c.
For sale low by
BROWNING k KEATING,
353 Penn. avenue, near Sixth street.
CANDLES AND OIL.
20 cases Paralfine Candles.
20 boxes Sperm Candles.
50 boxes Adamantine Candles.
50 boxes Hotol Candles.
1 cask Coal Oil, for burning.
Lard, Whale and Sperm Oil.
Just received, and for sole by
E. E. WHITE & CO,
No. 63 Louisiana arenue, bet. Sixth
and Seventh streets, opposite Back,
dec 15 of Washington,
G. W. DUTTON,
BUTCHER AND VICTUALLER,
F street, north side,) near Eleventh.
THE subscriber has opened a regular Family
Market on F street, near Eleventh street,
where he Is prepared to furnish Meals of all kinds,
Vegetables, Oysters, Sutter, Eggs, and every de
scription of Family Provisions, for family use,
and respectfully solicits a share of the public
He still continues to carry on tbe Butchering
business at his stands, No. 7 la the Centre
.Market, and No. 40 in tbe Northern Liberties
Market, where he will always be found on
market days, ready to supply his customers with
nor 20 G. W. DUTTON.
ENGLISH CARRIAGE VARNISH,
POR sale by
nov '-'6 tawlra No. 375 Penn. avenue.
- POTASH AND PEARLASH,
J? OR sale by
CHARLES STOTT, Druggist,
No. 375 Penn. arenue, nearly opposite
nor 26 tnwlm National Hotel.
CiALL at LAMMOND'S, 484 Serenth street,
' and buy your Toys cheap. .
dee'17 3t KRISS KRINGLE.
D. KOLB'S BALSAMIC LUNO INVIGORATOR
A CERTAIN CURE for Coughs, Co'ds, Affec
tions of tbe Throat and Lung". A trial
will make tvery one Its frleid, being agreeable
19 take, and certain to curt. Price 50 cents.
For sale by Messrs. Oilman, Stott, Clark,
Wright, Nairn, Fo-d, KIdwell.Thompjon, Ridge
ly, Moore, Major, &c. nor 20
GREAT BARGAINS AT THE PEOPLE'S
No. 406 Seventh street, near E.
I AM now offering my large stock of Clothing,
Furnishing Goods, Hats, and Caps, at re
markably low prices, In order to decrease my
N. B. All persons In want of Clothing and
Furnishing Goods will find It greatly to their
advantage to give me a call, as 1 am determined
to sell lower than any other house In town.
Don't forget tbe name and number.
J. II. SMITH, Clothier,
dec 7 lm 4G0 Seventh si., op. Post Office.
EW MESS MACKEREL, 4c, &c.
1 5 Barrels New No. 1 Mess Mackerel.
20 barrels Large New No. 1 Mackerel.
100 Halves, Quarters, and Eighths Barrels New
Mess and No. I Mackerel.
5,000 pounds Large Fat Codfish.
6 tierces No 1 Salmon.
25 kits No. 1 S Iraon.
50 1 oxes Scaled Herrings.
200 barrels No 1 -l. John's Alewlres.
200 barrels No. 1 Glbbed Herring.
For sa'o by E. E. WHITE 4 CO.,
No. C3 Louisiana avenue, bet. Sixth
and Seventh streets, opposite Hank
dec 15 of Washington.
391 Venn, av., between Four-
and-a-half and Sixth its.,
Importer and wholesale dealer In
WINE, BRANDY, GIN, CORDIAL, &c.
DRUGGISTS, Grocers, and Liquor Dealers,
will find It to their advantage to give me a
call. I will Hell the goods direct from the Custom-House
at New York prices.
Old Cincinnati Rye Whisky always on hand,
with a choice issortment of Wines, Brandies,
Gins, Cordials Ac. dec 3 3m
JOHN R. ELVANS,
Btticeen Ninth and Tenth ilrccts,
COACH AND CABINET HARDWARE,
BAR-IRON, STEEL, 4o.
Sion or the Asm and Haiiuir.
nov 20 lmcod.
Corner of Indiana avenue and S cond itreet,
Washington, D. C.
BOOKS, Pamphlets, Wood Engravings, and
Jobs of all kinds, Stereotyped to order. A
variety of Business Outs on hand, for sale, cheap
for cash. O. W. MURRAY, Stereotyper.
tmn N O T I C El
' WISH all gentlemen to bear' K,
M I in mind that tho plan which I
Hb" adopted, six years ago, of selling
HATti and BOOTS at greatly reduced prices, for
cash, is In successful operation. Just received,
a full supply of the latest New York styles of
DUKSS HATS, me very nnest nai at $j.ou ;
a first-rate Hat, $3 ; and very good, fashionable
Hat, $2.50. All of the latest styles of soft HATS
and CAPS, at the cry lowest prices. I am
constantly supplied with a very large stock of
those fine DRESS BOOTS, at $3.75 which I
have been selling' for many years as well as
the very best quality of Patent Leather GAIT
ERS, at $3 50. Fine French Calfskin Oalters,
from $2 to $2 50.
Terms cash. No extra charge In order to off
set bad debts. ANTIION1 , Agent for the Manu
facturers, Seventh street, second Hat Store from
the corner, opposite Avenue House, No. 540.
TO HOUSEKEEPERS OF WASHINGTON,
GEORGETOWN, AND VICINITY.
"T7E invite the attention of housekeepers to
v T our very large and beautiful stock of
China, Glass, and Earthen Ware,
Which is now rendered complete In every depart
ment by our recent Importations.
Wo deem It unnecessary to enumerate articles,
as wo have everything that is usually kept In
the uutna business, trom ncn aecoratea rrcnen
Chlua Dinner and Tea Sets, to tbe ordinary
Earthen Ware; and, as wo import the majority of
our goods, we are prepared to furnish the best
quality, either to the wholesale or retail trade,
as low us any of the Importing houses of Balti
more. English and American Cutlery of superior
Also, Horn, Buck, and Cocoa-handled Cutlery,
from the same factories.
Silver-plated Ware on fine albata, warranted.
A large stock of Coal Oil Lamps, numerous
Parlor Lamp-shades and Chimneys.
Cut Glass Globes.
Hyacinth Glasses, Taney Articles, Toys, Ac.
C. S. FOWLER 4 CO.,
dec t-co 501 Odd Fellows' Hall, 7th street.
Some Opinions of Mr. Lincoln.
selected verbatim from nis SPEECHES, and
PERTINENT TO THE PRESENT OCCASION.
" I say that we mnst not interfero with the
institution of slavery in the States where it ex
ists, because the Constitution forbids it, and the
general welfare does not require us to do so.
We must not withhold an efficient fugitive slavo
law, because the Constitution requires us, as I
understand it, not to withhold such a law. But
we must prevent the outspreading of the in
stitution, because neither the Constitution nor
the general welfare requires ns to extend it.
We must prevent the revival of the African
slave trade, and the enacting by Congress of a
Territorial slave code. We most prevent each
of these things being done by either Congress
or courts. Toe people of the United States are
the rightful masters of both Congresses and
courts not to overthrow the Constitution, but
overthrow the men who pervert the Constitu
tion I " Speech at Cincinnati, September 18,
" I hold myself under constitutional obliga
tions to allow the people in all the States, with
out interference, direct or indirect, to do exact
ly as they please ; and I deny that I have any
inclination to interfere with them, even if there
were no such constitutional obligation. I can
only say again, that I am placed improperly
altogether improperly, in spite of all that I can
say when it is insisted that I entertain any
other views or purposes in regard to that mat
ter (slavery.)" Sjicech at Jonesborovyh, III.,
Sept. 10, 1H58.
" While it (slavery) drives on in its state of
progress as it ii now driving, and as it has
driven for the last five years, I have ventured
the opinion, and say to day, that we will have
no end to the slavery agitution until it takes
one turn or the other. I do not mean that when
it takes n turn toward ultimate extinction it
will be in n day, nor in a year, nor in two
years. I do not suppose that in the most peace
ful way ultimate extinction would occur in less
than n hundred years at least; but thnt it will
occur in the best way for both races, in God's
own good time, I have no doubt." Speech at
Charleston, III., Sept. 18, 1858,
" Mr. Douglas's popular sovereignty, as a
principle, is simply this : If one man chooses
to make a slave of another neither that man
nor anybody else has a right to object."
Speech at Cincinnati, Sept. 17, 1851).
" I have intimated that I thought the agita
tion (of slavery) would not cease until u crisis
should be reached and passed. I havo stated
in what way I have thought it would be reached
and passed. We might, by arresting the fur
ther spread of it, and placing it where the
fathers originally placed it, put it where the
public mind should rest in the belief that it was
in the course of ultimate extinction. Thus the
agitation may cease. It may be pushed for
ward until it shall become alike lawful in all
the States, old as well as new, North as well as
South. I entertain the opinion, upon evidence
sufficient to my mind, that the fathers of this
Government placed that institution where the
public mind did rest in the belief that it was in
the course of ultimate extinction ; and when I
desiro to see the further spread of it arrested, I
only Bay that I desire to see that done which
the fathers have first done. It is not true that
our fathers, as Judge Douglas assumes, made
this Government part slave and part free. Un
derstand the Bense in which he puts it he as
sumes that slavery is a rightful thing within
itself was introduced by the framers of the
Constitution. The exact truth is, that they
found the institution existing among ns, and
they left it as they found it. But in making
the Gorcrument, they left this institution with
many clear marks of disapprobation upon it.
They found slavery among them, and they left
it amoug them because of the difficulty the
absolute impossibility of its immediate re
moval." Speech at Alton, Oil. 18, 1858.
' Let mo Bay I have no prejudice against thn
Southern people. Tbey are just what we would
bo in their situation. If slavery did not exist
among them they would not introduce it. !'
it did now exist among us, we should not in
stantly give it up. This 1 believe of the masses,
North and South. Doubtless there are indi
viduals on both sides who would not hold slaves
under any circumstances; and others who
would gladly introduce slavery anew if it wern
now out of existence. We know that somo
Southern men do free their slaves, go North,
and become tip-top abolitionists; while somo
Northern ones go South, and become most cruel
"When Southern people tell us they are no
more responsible for the origin of slavery thai,
we are, 1 acknowledge the fact. When it it
said that the institution exists, and that it it
very difficult to get rid of it in any satisfactory
way, I can understand and appreciate the say
ing. I surely will not blaino them for not do
ing what I should not know how to do myself.
If all earthly power were given me, I should
not know what to do, as to the existing institu
lion. My first impulse would be to free all lb'
slaves, aud send them to Liberia to their owi
native land. But a moment's reflection wouli
convince me, that whatever of high hopo (as
think there is) there may be in this, in the Ion,
run, its sudden execution is impossible. 1
they were all landed there in a day, they woul'
perish in tho next ten days j and there are nn'
surplus shipping and, surplus money enough i.
the world to carry them there in many time
ten days. What then ? Free them all, an
keep them among us as underlings ? Is it quil
certain that this betters their condition?
think I would not hold one in slavery at an
rate ; yet the point is not clear enough to dt
nounco people upon. What next ? Free then
and make them politically and socially ou
equals ? My own feelings will not admit 1
this; and if mine would, we well know thi
those of tho great mass of white people will no'
Whether this feeling accords with justice an
sound judgment, is not the solo question, i
indeed, it is any part of it. A universal lee
ing, whether well or ill founded, cannot t
safely disregarded. Wo cannot, then, mal
them equals. It does seem to me that sy
tems of gradual emancipation might be adop'
ed; but for that tardiness in this respect,
will not undertake to judge our brethren of tl.
" hen they remind us of their constitution!,
rights, I acknowledge them, not grudgingh
but fully and fairly j and I would give the!
any legislation for the reclaiming of their fug
tives, which should not, in its stringency, 1
more likely to carry a free man Into slavei
that our ordinary criminal laws ure to hang u
innocent one." Speech at Ottowa, III., Auq.
21,1858. ' ' "
" Has anything ever threatened the existence
of this Union, save and except this very institu.
lion of slavery ? What is it that wo hold most
dear amongst ns? Our own liberty and pros
perity. What has ever threatened our liberty
and prosperity, sara and except this institution
of slavery ? If this is true, how do you propose
to improve the condition of things by enlarging
slavery by spreading it out, and making it
' You may hare a wen or cancer on jonr
Iierson, and not be able to cut it'but, lest you
deed to death ; but surely it is nowaytflpure
it to engraft it, and. spread It over -your -.whole
body. That is no proper way of treating what
von regard as a wrong." Speech at Alton, Oct.
" I suppose most of us (I know it of mysolf)
believe that the people of the Southern States
are entitled to a Congressional fugitive slave
law. As the right is constitutional, I agree
that the legislation shall be granted to it, arid
that not that we like the ins'itution of slavery.
Wo profess to have no taste for running and
catching negroes ; at least, I profess no tasto
for .that job at all. Why, then, do I yield sup
port to a fugitive slave law? Because I do not
understand that the Constitution, which guar
anties that right, can bo supported without
it." Speech at Alton, Oct. 15, 858.
"The rent issue iu this controversy the one
pressing upon every mind is the sentiment on
the putt of one class that looks upon the insti
tution of slavery as a wrong, and of another
class that docs not look upon it as a wrong.
The sentiment that contemplates the institution
of slavery in this country as a wrong, is the
sentiment of the Republican party. They look
upon it as being a moral, social, and political
wrong; nnd while they contemplate it as such,
they nevertheless havo due regard for its actual
existence among us, and the difficulties of get
ting rid of it in any satisfactory way, and to all
the constitutional obligations thrown about it.
Yet having a due regard for these, they desire
a policy in regard to it that looks to its not cre
ating uuy more danger. They insist that it
should, us far as may be, be treated as a wrong ;
and one of the methods of treating it as a
wrong is to make provision that it shall grow
no larger. If there be a man among us who
docs not think that the institution of slavery is
wrong in any of the aspects of which I have
spoken, he is misplaced, and ought not to be
with u. And if there be a man amongst us
who is so impatient of it as a wrong as to dis
regard its actual presence among ns, and the
difficulty of getting rid of it suddenly in a sat
isfactory way, and to disregard the constitu
tional obligations thrown about it, that man is
misplaced if he is on our platform." Sjieech at
Alton, Oct. 15, 1858.
A FEW WORDS TO TUE BODTII.
. " We the Republicans, and others, forming
the opposition of the country, intend to ' stand
by'our guns,' to be patient and firm, and in the
long run to beat you. When we do beat you,
you perhaps want to know what we will do
with you. I will tell you, so far as I am au
thorized to speak for the opposition, what we
mean to do with you. We mean to treat you,
ns nearly as we possibly can, as Washington,
Jefferson, and Madison, treated you. We mean
to leave you alone, and in no way interfere
with your institution ; to abide by every com
promise of the Constitution : and, in a word,
coming back to the original proposition, to
treat you us far as degenerated men (if we have
degenerated) may, according to the examples
of those noble fathers Washington, Jefferson,
and Madison. We mean to remember that you
are as good as we are ; that there is no dif
ference between us, other than the difference
of circumstances. We mean to recognise and
bear in mind, always, that you have as good
heartd in your bosoms as other people, or as
we claim to have, and to treat ou accord
ingly. Speech at Cincinnati, Sept. 17, 185'J.
AGENT run TUB SALE Or AMERICAN AKD TORKiaK
Vo. 07 Louisiana av., opposite Bank of Washington.
BAR, Shet, and Hoop Iron; Horse-shoe Iron,
Norway Nail Rods, Burden's Patent Horse
Shoes, Horse-shoe Nails ; Cost, Shear, and Blis
ter Steel ; Anvils, Bellows, and Vices ; Sheet
Lead, Bar Lead, and Lead Pipe; Leaded Roof
ing Tin ; Bright Tin of all kinds ; Block Tin,
Zinc, and Copper; Iron, Brass, and Copper Wire.
Carriage Bows and Curtain Canvas, Hubs,
Spokes, Rims, and Axles. Locks, Hinges, Screws,
Nails, Brads, Sash Welihts, Sash Cord, Pullets,
PlaneB, Saws, Chisels, Files, Boring and Mortice
Machines, and Grindstones, Axes, Shovels, Spades,
Rakes, Forks, ic.
DEPOT FOR PLANT'S NEW PATENT
All at the lowest prices for Cash, or to punc
tual customers on short credit. nov 26
THE UNION WILL STAND, NO MATTER
CONSEQUENTLY, I shall remain In Wash
lngton, and con'lnue to pursue my occu
pation of HOUSE, SIGN, and ORNAMENTAL
PAINTING. Gilding In all Its branches. Old
Glazing promptly attended to. Painting and
Ornamenting Cottage Furniture In tbe best
style. I also call attention to tbe Painting of
Roofs and Brick Walls.
All of the above I will do as cheap as the
cheapest, I therefore solicit the patronage of
my friends and fellow citizens of the District.
Punctuality strictly observed, and work done in
the best manner.
You will please mind your stops, and stop at
M, T. PARKER'S Painting Establishment, No. 53 1
53 11 53 1 I Louisiana avepe, north slle, be
tween Sixth aqd 8eventh streets.
P. S. Signs put up free of charge, as usual.
Rooms to Let, with or without Board.
APPLY to Mrs. HARRIS, 483 Tenth, between
D and E streets, ho has one very fine par
lor and chamber.
Also, several small rooms. Charges moder
ns nov 26
Practical Chronometer, Clock, and
437 Seventh street, bet. G and II,
informs his customers and the pub
llc'in general, that he has just re
ceived a fine stock of Gold Patent
and Detached Levers, Leplne, Duplex, and other
Watches; also, fine French Cloiks. Jewelry,
&c. Attends promptly to the Repairing of fine
Watches, Clocks, aud Jewelry. nov 26 lm
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