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THE HOUSE ON THE POTOMAC IN 1676.
Standing on a bluff above the river Potomac
was a small log house, two stories in height,
with n kitchen and dining-room on the first
floor, and two bed-rooms on tho second. Old
Spellmnn, the owner, was known in tho vicini
ty as tho greatest Indian hunter of his day.
The red skins feared his rifle, and when it
came to a rough nnd-tumble fight, they feared
his powerful arm more than his rifle. Of course
ho was marked among the savages, known to
each warrior, and held in awe by all. Tho
Indian who would tiring in old spellmans
scaip would De reverenced, worshipped, and
bo regarded as a molto and example for all
)oung warriors to imiute. lho t'.imity of
opeumnu consisted ol llie lather and mother,
daughter and son. I he parents were well ad
anced in years, but fct ut hale, and hearty.
The son was a young rami of promise large
muscular frame, and, like his father, possessing
a Herculean power. The daughter was a girl
of eighteen, lair and beau'iful. Being inured
to tho forest, she was brave and daring, cool,
calculating, calm, and self possessed, in times
of tho greatest danger and moil imminent peril.
The housi stood within a few yards of a
precipice, iibnut twenty feet high, which ex
tended some distance up and down tho river,
and affording it on thai side a protection
ngainst an toemy. A high palisade, com
mencing nt the bluff on one side, extended
around the house to the bluff on the opposite
side, thus enclosing it on three sides by the
falisade, and one side protected by the bluff,
t was considered by the neighbors ns n strong
post, and tho old man himself thought it al
Abont this time the Seneca Indians made
war upon the busnuehannahs, and drove them
from the head of tho Chesapeake They wan
dered along the banks of the Potomac, and six
of tho chiefs applied to the whites, desiring to
negotiato terms of peace; they were, however,
pui 10 ueam, on which occasion Sir William
Berkeley said. " Tliev came in neace. and I
would have sent them in peace, thouBh they
uuu Kiiwn my tamer and mother. ' This in
flamed the minds of the savages, and they
made war on the whites, slaving indiscriminate
ly all who fell into their hands.
It was a cold evening in November, that Mr.
Spellmnn was seated by the tabic with a hook
in his hand. Tho old lady was dozing before
the fire, with her knitting part the time going
on and put the time lying idle in her lip.
'Ihe son was mending anil generally preparing
his traps for the winter service. The daughter
was suited nt her spitming wheel, occasionally
casting sly glances at a fine looking young
man near her, who smiled graciously in return.
The gentleman alluded to wai a benu of Miss
Spellman's, and had thit evening walked
through a lonely forest five miles to see his
sweetheart. His name was ltobert Killer, and
a brave stout-hearti d man, willing and able to
defend his ladyloc from harm.
The wind was whistling dolefully about the
house, making everything without seem cold
iiiid dreary, and all within look more cheerful.
The old gentleman laid down his book, took
off his spec, and turned his car towards the
li.ick eud ol the house. The sou noticed the
father's actions, laid down his traps, and fol
lowed the old man's example.
" Hist 1 " said he to his sister, putting up his
finger in token of silence.
" Did you hear anything, pap?" asked the
old lady, staitiug up in her seat.
'Thero is something wrong," replied the
old man : " the horses seem uneasy, and the
dogs whine. I am afraid the Indians will be
" Oh 1 don't say that," plead the old lady.
" Don't be frightenpd ; there is a pretty
good party of us. Risler, you, and Nancy, col
lect all the arms together, and put them in
order; there are strong indications of Indians.
Guard well the doors, and keep a sharp look
out." The old man arose from his chair, and noise
lessly stole up stairs. There were several port
holes in the upper part of the house, through
which the old gentleman took an observation
of the premises within the enclosure. From
what he could observe, ho was satisfied that
Indians were lurking about, and, as war exist
ed between the whites and savages, of course
their intentions were not of a friendly char
acter. When ho returned to the room below stairs,
lie assisted in preparing the arms and dis
tributing the ammunition. There were fire
arras enough for all, except the old lady, and,
for better security, she was placed in one end
of the room. A screen was made to shut off
the light from the fire, by suspending before it
two or three bed-quilts.
All the necessary preparations having been
completed, the family waited, in perfect silence,
the result of their suspicions. It was perhaps
midnight, when there was a slight rustling out
side the door, and, by closely observing and
listening, a voice could be heard. The old man
ordered three of the party upstairs to fire upun
the savages who might be in the yard, while
he would defend the door. The command was
put in the hands of Kisler, who, on looking
out, saw, by the faint light tlm moon cast
through tho clouds, a body of Indians, just in
side the palisade. They wero standing, per
fectly quiet, watching the movements of their
companions near the door.
" Take the three Indians to the right," said
ItiOer. " I will take the first one, Hurry take
the second, and Nancy the third."
Noiselessly they placed their wennons in the
nrt-holes, and at the same instant the arms
iclihed forth fire, and three Indians fell dead
on the spot. The Indians seemed stricken
wiih a panic, and precipitately fled, but a mo
ment alter returned and attacked the house fu
riously. Their principal point of attack was
the door, which the old man was defending.
hile they were batterinir at it. the old lad v
iui b nemo oi waier over the lire, and in a
ew minutes had it boilinc. She then ascended
the stairs, and softly raising a small window
direcly over the Ravages, sho threw tho whole
contents over them. With loud bowls they
fled, and as they retreated the party up stairs
gae them a volley, and two or three wero
either killed or wounded.
For about half an hour there was a perfect
silence; no trace of nn Indian could be seen.
" I reckon they're gone," said the old lady
in a whisper to her husband.
" Not they well hear from them directly ; "
and he had scarcely made the reply, when a
rifle shot from ono of the party up stairs an
nounced the reappearance ot the sava"es.
"Go into the kitchen, Hannah," said the
old man ; " I believe they are at the back
. The old lady hastened to obey orders, and
watched the door closely as the Indians bat
tered away at it There was a party of savages
at the frontdoor, which the old man was guard
ing with the utmost care. Those up stairs were
ordered down, and the whole force were then
mustered below stairs. The son and the mother
were guarding tho back door, at which the sav
age' wero eagerly at work. At length it yielded
to their efforts, and fell in. The son shot the
first Indian, while the mother, with an axe, at
tacked tho second one, nnd drove him back.
The hoirlinjr of the savage? Inouglil tho ,o from
ihe front door to tho rescue. And tho whole
nrce were now assembled at that point. The
idd lady received a serious wound, and was
orne away by her son. Tho old mnn, Risler,
nnd Nancy, now joined in the fight, by giving
he savages a volley, wbicli was returned, wound-
ng uisicr and tho elder Hpellraan ; but they
. ontinued the fight, and as the savages fled,
hey pursued them to the yard. Spellman re-
eived a scond wound, which disabled him,
nnd he crawled into the house.
Tho remaining three fought with despera
tion, nnd drove the savages step by step be-
ond tho palitadcs. Nancy and her brother
lopped to rep lir the breach, while Ulsler made
circuit of the place, to see if it was thoroughly
leivrea oi me enemy, as lie camo near tho
recipice, an Iudinn sprung from tho darkness
pon him, and then commenced a struggle for
fe. 'Ihe Indian had no weapon, but endear
ied to drag Uisler over the precipice. Tho
itler was compelled to drop his rifle, and was
hcrefore on equal footing with his savage foe.
For few moments, they would dangle over
le edge of the precipice, when Risler, gelling
little the advant ge, would forco bis untago
nt back. His only bopo was to choke the
ivage; and t this purpose he put out his whole
rcnglh. But the savage was tho strongest
in, and Risler was somewhat weakened by
to loss of blood.
The struggle had continued for scvcal min
tes,vvhen Uisler fell a peculiar tightness about
le throat, and felt himself gradually cease his
sistaiice. The Indian had planted his fingers
ijhtly in the neck of Risler, nnd was choking
m to death. Ho was dragging his helpless
ctim towardthe precipice, when the butt of a
un came whizzing down upon his head, and,
ith a convulsive shudder, he tumbled over to
ceive a death-blow from the hands of Nancy,
he had fought bravely, courageously ; and, last
t' all, saved her lover, who in after years mar
The wounded all recovered, and for three
ajs withstool a siege, at the end of which
ne they were rescued and taken to a place of
When Deacon Y. got into a bad fix, ho was
ry expert in crawling out of it. Though
'ick tempered, he was one of the best dea-
ii' in the world. He would not in sober mo
lents utter an oath, or anything like one, for
s weight in cider. At the close of a rainy
ay, he was milking upon a knoll in tho barn
ard, at which was a dirty slough, and near by
I old ram, that, in consideration of his usual
i ct disposition, was allowed to run with the
iws. T he deacon was piously humming Old
(undred, nnd had just finished the line, " ex
.ted hish," when the ram, obeying a sudden
npulse to ho aggressive, gave him a blow from
ehind, that put him up a short distance, only
i full directly in the slough, where the dirty
'ater was just deep enough to give him a good
uckinir. As he crawled out, and before he
)se from his all fours, he looked over his
Moulder at the ram, and quietly vociferated,
You d d old cuss you I" but, looking
round, and seeing one of his neighbors at the
ar, looking at him, he lidded, in the same
reath, " if I may bo ullowed the cpression."
Oiniror a Rocky Mouvtaiv Pavfr. The
'o( ky Mountain Xtics is the leading newpapcr
f that gold region. A graceful festoon of re
olvers hangs ovi r tho sanctum table, within
ach of the editor, and three ominous looking
uns rest in the corner. Descending to the
'omposing and press room, is found each man
inielly at work in his proper place, with "some
'hing that would shoot" Ring near him.
The I)uches of Kingston was remarkable
or having a high sense of her own dignity,
leing one diy detained in her own carriage by
he uuloading of n cart of coals in a very nap
ow street, she leaned with both her arms upon
ie door, and said to tho man, " How dare jou,
rra'a, stop a woman of quality in the street?"
Woman of quality?" replied the man. "Yes,
How," rejoined her Grace, "don't you see my
rms on my carriage?" " Yes," replied he, "I
i'o ; and a pair of coarse arms they are."
Over 100,000 pounds weight of egg shells,
reduced to an impalpable powder, and com
monly called cascaiilla de huero, are used, it
is estimated, by the Cuban ladies annually, as
!' lily-white," for the face, neck, nnd arms.
This is exclusive of all the cosmetics imported.
The New York authorities have allowed a
company to place pipes through all the streets,
to convey "hvdrogenated fuel," or other heat
ing agents, to every house, just as gas and
water are now conveyed. So we move onward.
Tho " Punch " of our " Jours " says that the
secessionists seem to be without sympathy or
pity at homo or in Europe ; but thinks, that
if they had r mained at Columbia, they might
have been jiirYcc- by the small-pox.
At a recent festive meeting, a married man,
who ought to have known better, proposed
"The Ladies," as the "beings who divide our
lorrow, double our joys, and treble our ex-
It is quite natural that when woman reigns,
she should storm, and she always docs.
' If vcm are lost in a fog. Blown, what are
jou most likely to be ? " " Mist, of course."
Axva to inn Beau. " Frederic, what city
is that you are coini; to visit this fall?"
Full). " If you have no objection, I'm
I m going
to lav Anna."
" Sonny, what are wages here ? "
" Don't know."
" What docs does your father get on Satur
" Tight as a brick."
Jiij the Day, Week, or Month, with or mlhout
MRS. M. A. MILLS, having taken and fitted
up, in handsome style, that large and
pleasant house, No. 504 Pennsylvania avenue,
third door east of Third street, between the St.
Charles Hotel and Adams's Express Office, near
the Capitol and railroad depot, is now prepared
to accommodate Transient or Permanent Guests
with pleasant rooms, with or without Board,
aMIB ROYAL TURKISH TOWELS.
. Bathing Sponges, Velvet Sponges, Bath
Brown Windsor Soap, Honey Soaps.
Lubin's Soaps' and Extracts.
Genuine German Cologne, all sizes, wick
ers and plain bottles.
Bazin's Soaps and Extracts.
Phalon's 8oaps and Extracts.
Pomades of all kinds.
Hair Tonics, 4c.
With a full assortment of new Perfumery.
Hair Brushes, Combs, Tooth Brushes.
Fresh Medicines, Pure Chemicals, ke.
Just received at OILMAN'S
New Drug Store, jlo l'enn. Av.
Congress, Empire, SaratcRi, Bedford, Blue
Lick, and White Sulphur Waters, always on
iiaiul, as above. dec 3
Prospectus of the National Republican.
Believing that the time has arrived when the
great Republican party of the United States ought
to be fairly represented in the daily press of the
National Metropolis, we have embarked In the
enterprise of supplying the citizens of the District
of Columbia with a dally publication, under the
vine oi wie " UATlunAL uxrUBLICAH.
In its political department, this Journal wilt
advocate and defend the principles of the Repub
lican party, and endeavor to disabuse the public
mind of groundless prejudices which have been
engendered against it, by the falso accusations
of its enemies. Having the utmost confidence
that the administration of Mr. Lincoln will be
such as to merit our approbation, we expect to
yield it a cordial, but not a servile support. In
the great Issue that is likely to be made with his
administration, by the enemies of the Republican
party, the people of Washington and the District
of Columbia have more at stake than the peopl
of any oilier portion of our common country. We
believe that to support Mr. Lincoln's administra
tion will bo synonymous with maintaining the in
tegrity of the l'ederal Union, against the machin
ations of those who would rend it asunder. No
one can doubt upon which side of this issue the
people of Washington will te found, when they
come to realize that it is fairly forced upon them.
We feel confident, therefore, that in yielding to
the administration of Mr. Lincoln a cordial sup
port, we shall have the sympathy of an immense
majority of the people of this District and vicin
ity. It Is not our design, however, to make the
Xalional Republican a mere political paper. We
Intend, that as a medium of general and local
news, it shall not be Inferior to any other journal
published in this city. We shall pay particular
attention to questions of local policy, and advo
cate sdeh reforms as we may deem essential to
the prosperity of the city, and to the. advance
ment of the moral and material welfare of U
We deem it unnecessary, however, to multi
ply promises, as the paper will immediately make
its appearance, and will then speak for itself.
It will be published every morning, and de
livered to city subscribers at six cents per week.
Mall subscribers, S3. 50 a year, payable in ad
vance. The publication office Is at tho corner of Indi
ana avenue and Second street.
LEWIS CLEPHANE k CO.
Some Opinions of Mr. Lincoln.
SEL.FC.TH) VkRDATIM FROM IIIS SrEECIIES, AND
rt.BTI.tT TO TUB FnESEXT OCCASION-.
' I say that we must not interfere with the
institution of slavery in the States where it ex
ists, because the Constitution forbids it, and the
general welfare docs not require us to do so.
We must not withhold an efficient fugitive slave
law, becnuse the Constitution requires us, as I
understand it, not to withhold such a law. But
wo must prevent the outspreading of the in
stitution, because neither the Constitution nor
the general welfaro requires us to extend it.
We must prevent the revival of tho Africnn
slave trndc, nnd the enacting by Congress of a
Territorial slave code. We must prevent each
of these things being done by either Congress
or courts. Ihe people of the United States are
the rightful masters of both Congresses nnd
courts not to overthrow the Constitution, hut
overthrow the men who pervert the Constitu
tion!" Sjxeih at Cincinnati, September 18,
" I hold myself under constitutional obliga
tions to allow the people in all the States, with
out interference, direct or indirect, to do exact
ly as they please; and I deny that I have nny
inclination to interfere with them, even if there
were no such constitutional obligation. I can
only say aain, that I nm placed improperly
altogether improperly, in spito of all that I can
sny when it is insisted that I entertain any
other views or purposes in regard to that mat
ter (slavery.)" Speech at Jonesborough, III.,
Sepl.iG, lt58. '
" While it (slavery) drives on in its state of
progress as it is now driving, and as it has
drivenfor the last five years, I have ventured
the opinion, and say to day, that we will have
no end to the slavery agitation until it takes
one turn or the other. I do not mean that when
it takes a turn toward ultimate extinction it
will be in a day, nor in a year, nor in two
years. I do not suppose that in the most peace
ful way ultimate extinction would occur in less
than nhundrcd yenrs nt least ; but that it will
occur in the best way for both races, in God's
own good time, I have no doubt." Speech at
Charleston, III., Sept. 18, 1858.
" Mr. Douglas's popular sovereignty, as a
principle, is simply this: If oue man chooses
to make n slave of another, neither that man
nor anybody else has a right to object."
Sp-ech at Cincinnati, Sept. 17, 1859.
" I have intimated that I thought the agita
tion (of Blavery) would not cease until a crisis
should be renched and passed. I have stated
in what way I have thought it would bo reached
and passed. We might, by arresting the fur
ther spread of it, and placing it where the
fathers originally placed it. put it whero tho
public mind should rest in the belief that it was
in the course of ultimate extinction. Thus tho
agitation may cease. It may be pushed for
ward until it shall become alike lawful in all
the States, old as well as new, North as well as
South. I entertain the opinion, upon evidence
sufficient to my mind, that the fathers of this
Government placed that institution where the
public mind did rest in the belief that it was in
the courso of ultimate extinction; and wheii I
desire to see the further spread of it arrested, 1
only say that I desire to see that done which
the fathers have first done. It is not true that
our fathers, as Judge Douglas assumes, made
this Government part slave and part free. Un
derstand the sense in which he puts it ho as
sumes that slavery is a rightful thing within
itself was introduced by the framers of the
Constitution. The exact truth is, that they
found the institution existing among us, and
they left it ns they found it. But in making
the Government, they left this institution with
many clear marks of disapprobation upon it.
They found slavery among them, and they left
it among them because of tho dilKculty the
absolute impossibility of its immediate re
moval." Speech at Alton, OU. 18, 1858.
" Let me say I have no prejudice against the
Southern people. They are just what we would
be in their situation. If slavery did not exist
among them they would not introduce it. If
it did now exist among us, we should not in
stantly give it up. This I believe of the masses,
North and South. Doubtless there are indi
viduals on both sides who would not hold slaves
under any circumstances; and others who
would gladly introduce slavery anew if it were
now out of existence. We know that some
Southern men do free their slaves, go North,
and become tip-top abolitionists; while some
Northern ones go South, and become most cruel
" When Southern people tell us they are no
moro responsible for the origin of slavery than
we are, 1 acknowledge the fact. When it is
said that the institution exists, and that it is
very difficult to get rid of it in any satisfactory
way, I can understand and appreciate the say
ing. I surely will not blamo them for not do
ing what I should not know how to do myself.
If all earthly power were given me, I should
not know what to do, as to the existing institu
tion. My first impulse would be to frco nil tho
slaves, and send them to Liberia to their own
native land. But a moment's reflection would
convince me, that whatever of high hope (as I
think thero is) there may be in this, in the long
run, its sudden execution is impossible. If
they were all landed there in a day, they would
perish in the next ten days ; and there are not
surplus shipping and surplus money enough in
tho world to carry thorn there in many times
ten days. What then? Free them all, and
keep them among us as underlings ? Is it quite
certain that this betters their condition? I
think I would not hold one in slavery at any
rate ; yet tho point is not clear enough to de
nounce peoplo upon. What uext ? Free them,
and make them politically and sociallv our
equals? My own feelings will not admit of
this; nnd it mino would, we well know thai
those of the great mass of white peoplo will not.
Whether this feeling accords with justice and
sound judgment, is not tho solo question, if,
indeed, it is any part of it. A uuiversal feel
ing, whether well or ill founded, cannot be
safely disregarded. Wo cannot, then, make
them equals. It docs seem to me that sys
tems of gradual emancipation might be adopt
ed ; Liit for that tardiness in this respect, I
win noi unuenaKo lojuageour brethren ol the
" When they remind us of their constitutional
rights, I acknowledge them, not grudgingly,
but fully and fairly; and I would give them
any legislation for the reclaiming of their fugi
tives, which should not, in its stringency, be
moro likely to carry a free man into slavery
that our ordinary criminal laws are to hang an
innocent one." Speech at Ottowa, III., Aug.
21, 1858. "
" Has anything ever threatened the existence
of this Union, save and except this very institu
tion of slavery ? What is it that we hold most
dear amongst us 7 Our own liberty and pros
perity. What has ever threatened our liberty
and prosperity, save and except this institution
of slavery? If this is true, how do you propose
to improve tho condition of things by enlarging
slavery by spreading it out, and making it
' You may havo a wen or cancer on your
person, and not be able to cut it out, lest you
bleed to death ; but surely it is no way to euro
it to engrnlt it, and sprend it over your whole
body. That is no projier way of treating what
vou regard ns a wrong." Speech at Alton, Oct.
" I suppose most of us fl know it of mvsein
believe that the people of the Southern Mates
are entitled to a Congressional fugitive slnve
law. As the right is constitutional, I agree
that the legislation shall be granted to it, and
that not that we like the ins'itution of slavery.
We profess to hav e no tasto for running and
catching iiegioes; at least, I profess no taste
for that job at all. Why, then, do I yield sup
port to a fugitive slave law ? Because I do not
understand that the Constitution, which guar
anties that right, can bp supported without
it." Speech at Alton, Oct. 15, 858.
"The real issuo in this controversy tho one
pressing upon every mind is tho sentiment on
the part ot one class that looks upon the insti
tution of Blavery as a wrong, and of another
class that does not look upon it as a wrong.
The sentiment that contemplates the institution
of slavery in this country as a wrong, is the
sentiment of the Republican party. They look
upon it ns being n moral, social, and political
wrong; and while ihey contemplate it as such,
they nevertheless have due regard for its actual
existence anions us. and the difficulties of pet-
ting rid of it in any satisfactory way, and to all
the constitutional obligations thrown about it.
Yet having a due regard for these, they desire
a policy in regard to it that looks to its not cre
ating nny more danger. They insist that it
should, as far as may be, be treated as a wrong ;
and one of tho methods of treating it as a
wrong is to make provision that it shall grow
no larger. If there be a man among us who
does not think that the institution of slavery is
wrong in nny of tho aspects of which I have
spoken, be is misplaced, and ought not to be
with us. And if there be a man amongst us
who is so impatient of it as a wrong as to dis
regard its actual presence among ns, and the
difficulty of getting rid of it suddenly in a sat
isfactory way, and to disregard the constitu
tional obligations thrown about it, that man is
misplaced if he is on our platform." Speech at
Allan, Oct. 15, 1858.
A FEW WOIID3 TO THE SOUTH.
" We tho Republicans, and others, forming
the opposition of the country, intend to ' stand
by our guns,' to be patient and firm, and in the
long run to beat you. When we do beat you,
you perhaps want to know what wo will do
with you. I will tell you, so far as I am au
thorized to speak for tho opposition, what we
mean to do with you. We mean to treat you,
as nearly as we jiossibly can, as Washington,
Jefferson, and Madison, treated you. Wc mean
to leave you alone, and in no way interfere
with your institution; to abide by every com
promise of the Constitution i and, in a word,
coming back to the original proposition, to
treat jou as fur as degenerated men (if we have
degenerated! may, according to tho examples
of those noble fathers Washington, Jefferson,
and Madison. We mean to remember that you
are as good as we arc ; that there is no dif
ference between us, other than tho difference
of circumstances. We mean to recognise and
bear in mind, always, that "you havo as good
hearts in your bosoms as other people, or as
wo claim to have, and to treat jou accord
ingly. Speech at Cincinnati, Sept. 17, 185'J.
DOUGLA.8 AND JOHNSON PLATFORM.
llesolved, That we, tho Democracy of the
Union, in Convention assembled, hereby de
clare our affirmance of the resolutions unani
moiisly adopted and declared as a platform of
principles by the Democratic Convention at
Cincinnati, in the year 1850, believing that
Democratic principles are unchangeable in
their nature, when applied to the same subject
matter; and we recommend as tho only further
resolutions the following :
Ilcsolced, That it is tho duty of tho United
States to afford ample and completo protection
to all its citizens, whether at home or abroad,
and whether native or foreign.
llesolved, That one of the necessities of the
age, in a military, commercial, nnd postal
poiut of view, is speedy communication be
tween the Atlantic and Pacific States; and
tho Democratic party pledge such constitution
al government aid as will insure the construc
tion of a railroad to the Pacific coast at the
earliest practicable period.
llesolved, That the Democratic party are in
favor of tho acquisition of tho island of Cuba,
on such terms as shall be honorable to our
selves and just to Spain.
llesolved, That the enactment of State Leg
islatures to defeat the faithful execution of the
fugitive slave law are hostile in character, sub
versive of the Constitution, and revolutionary
in their effect.
llcsohed, That in accordance with tho in
ternretalinn nf flip. f!inrinnt! nlr.,r...m i.n.
--lt -- ... uv( piuiiuiiu, Mini,
during tho existence of the Territorial Govern
...... i.n . ... .
uciMB, mo mranure ui resincuoii, whatever it
may be, imposed by the Federal Constitution
on the nower of the Tprritnriiil I ni.tDt...-
over the subject of the domestic relations, as
inu .oiiio into uci-n, ursunii uereatier ue, nnally
determined bv tho Supremo Court of the Uni
ted States, should be respected by all good
citizens, and enforced with promptness and
fidelity by every brunch of tho General Gov
Rewired, That we, the delegated representa
tives of tho Republican Electors of the United
tales, in Convention assembled, In discharge
f the duty we owe to our constituents nnd our
ountry, unite in the following declarations :
First. That the history of the nation during
Se last four years has fully established the pro
rlety and necessity of the organization and per
etuatlon of the Republican party, and that the
juses which called It Into existence are perma
enl in their nature, and now, more than ever
efore, demand its peaceful and constitutional
Second. That the maintenance of the princinles
romulgatedln the Declaration of Independence,
nd embodied In the Federal Constitution, " that
II men are created equal ; that they are endowed
.y their Creator with certain unalienable rights;
hat among these are life, liberty, and the pur
lit of happiness that to secure these rights,
overnments are Instituted among men, deriving
lelrjust powers from the consent of thegoverncd,"
essential to the preservation of our republican
istltutlons; and that the Federal Constitution,
ie rights of the States, and the Union of the
tates, must and shall be preserved.
Third. That to the Union of the States this
atlon owes its unprecedented Increase In popu
itlon ; Its surprising development of material
uources ; its rapid augmentation of wealth ;
i happiness at home and its honor abroad; and
e hold in abhorrence all schemes for disunion,
ome from whatever source they may ; and we
jngratulate the country that no Republican
lembcr of Congress has uttered or countenanced
threat of disunion, so often made by Demo
ratic members without rebuke and with ap
lause from their political associates ; and we
nounco those threats of disunion, in case of
popular overthrow of their ascendency, as de
ylng the vital principles of a free Government,
id as an avowal of contemplated treason, which
is the imperative duty of an Indignant people
ernly to rebuke and forever Silence.
Fourth. That the maintenance inviolate of
ne rights of the States, and especially the right
( each State to order and control its own do
lestio institutions, according to Its own judg
.cnt exclusively, Is essential to that balance of
iwcr on which the perfection and endurance of
ir political fabric depends; and we denounce
. lawless invasion by armed force of the soil
any State or Territory, no mailer under what
eetext, as among the gravest of crimes.
FflK. That the present Democratic Admlnis
atlou has far exceeded our worst apprehensions
its measureless subserviency to the exactions
r a sectional interest, as especially evidenced
i its desperate exertions to turce the infamous
.corapton Constitution upon the protesting peo
e of Kansas in construing the personal rela
on between master and servant to involve an
(qualified property in persons In its attempted
iforcement everywhere, on land and sea, through
ie intervention of Congrrss and of the Federal
urts, of the extreme pretensions of a purely lo
il Interest, and In Its general and unvarying abuse
f the power Intrusted to it by a confiding people.
Stzth. That the people Justly view with alarm
in reckless extravagance which pervades every
apartment of the Federal Government; that a
iturn to Held economy and accountabilitvis in-
ispensable to arrest the systematic plunder of the
uoiic ireasury ny tavored partisans; while the
scent startling developments of frauds and cor
iptions at the Federal metropolis show that an
itire change of Administration is imperatively
Seventh. That the new dogma that the Const!
itlon of its own force carries slavery into any
r all of the Territories of the United States, is a
ingerous political heresy, at variance with the
cpllcit provisions of that instrument itself, with
otemporaneous exposition, and with legislative
nd Judicial precedent; is revolutionary in its
indency, and subversive of the peace and har--lony
of the country.
Eighth. That the normal condition of all the
irritory of the United States Is that of Freedom ;
lat as our republican fathers, when they had
bollshed slavery in all our national tcrritorv.
i-dalned that "no person should be deprived of
fe, liberty, or property, without due process of
iw, h Decomes our duty, Dy legislation, when
rer such legislation is necessary, to maintain
lis provision of the Constitution against all at
mpts to violate it: and we denv the authorltv
t Congress, of a Territorial Legislature, or of
ny inumuuRis, 10 give legal existence to sla
ery in any Territory of the United States.
A'inth. That we braud the recent reopening of
ie African slave trade, under the cover of our
ational flag, aided by perversions of judicial
ower, as a crime against humanity, and a burning
.anie to our country and age ; and we call upon
ongress to take prompt and efficient measures
r the total and finul suppression of that eie--able
Tenth. That in the recent vetoes by their Fed
.al Governors of the acts of the Legislatures
I Kansas and Nebraska, prohibiting slavery in
lose Territories, we find a practical Illustration
t the boasted Democratic principle of non-ln-
rvenllon and popular sovereignty embodied In
.e Kansas-Nebraska bill, and a demonstration
f the deception and Iraud involved therein.
Eleventh. That Kansas should of right be Im
'lediately admitted as a State under the Constl
itlon recently formed and adopted by her people,
id accepted by the House of Representatives.
Twelfth. That while providing revenue for the
ipport of the General Government by dutieB
pon imports, sound policy requires such an ad
istment of these imposts as to encourage the de
3lopment of tho industrial interests of the whole
mntry ; and we commend that policy of nation
1 exchanges, which secures to the working men
beral wages, to agriculture remunerating prices,
i mechanics and manufacturers an adequate
iward for their skill, labor, and enterprise, and
i the nation commercial prosperity and Inde
jndence. Thirteenth. That we protest against any sale
r alienation to others ot the public lands held
7 aetnal settlers, and against any view of the
fee homestead policy which regards the settlers
s paupers or supplicants for public bounty ; and
e demand thu passage by Congress of the com
pete and satisfactory homestead measure which
.as already passed the House.
Fourteenth. That the Republican party is op
osed to any change in our naturalization laws,
r any State legislation by which the rights of
tlzenship hllherto accorded to Immigrants from
.reign lands shall be abridged or impaired ; and
i favor of giving a full and efficient protection
i the rights of all classes of citizens, whether
.'Ive or naturalized, both at home and abroad.
Fifteirth That appropriations by Congress
it river and harbor Improvements of a nation
character, required for the accommodation
id security of an existing commerce, are author
ed by the Constitution and justified by anob
jatlon of tho Government to protect tho lives
jd property of its citizens.
Sixteenth. That a railroad to tho Pacific Ocean
imperatively demanded by the interests of the
hole country; that the Federal Government
ighl to render Immediate and efficient aid in
s construction; and that, as preliminary thereto,
daily overland mail should be promptly es
bllsbed. Seventeenth, Finally, having thus set forth our
lstinctlvo principles and views, we Invite the
j-operatlon of all citizens, however differing on
ther questions, who substantially agree with us,
a their affirmance and support.
NATIONAL REPUBLICAN ASSOCIA
D. I). French, President.
J. J. Coombs, First Vice. President.
Martin Buell, 8econd Vice President.
Lewis Clephanc, Secretary.
Woodford Stone, Treasurer.
John Hines, G. II. Plant, Job W. Angus, J.
F. Hodgson, James Lynch, G R. Wilson,
and Henry M. Knight, Executive Committee.
Meets at the Wigwam, corner of Indiana
avenue and Second street, every Thursday
GERMAN REPUBLICAN ASSOCIATION.
W. Krzyzanowski, Presideut.
Dr. Briegleb, First Vice President.
G. Dilli, Second Vico President.
Joseph Gerhard, Secretary.
John Lerch, Treasurer.
Meets at Gerhard's Germania, every Tues
day night, at eight o'clock.
REPUBLICAN ASSOCIATION OF THE
FIFTH AND SIXTH WARDS.
S. A. McEim, President.
George A. Bnssett, First Vice President
George R. Ruff, Second Vico President.
Charles Sleigh, Recording Secretary.
J. L. Uenshaw, Corresponding Secretary.
William Dixon, Financial Secretary.
John Grinder, Treasurer.
Meets on the first and third Tuesdays of eve
ry month, at Odd Fellows' Hall, Navy Yard.
REPUBLICAN ASSOCIATION OF THE
J. J. Coombs, President.
G. A. Hall, First Vice President
A. Duval I, Second Vico President.
J. C. Clary, Secretary.
Martin Buell, Treasurer.
REPUBLICAN ASSOCIATION OF THE
Theodore Wheeler, President
Edward Lycett, First Vice President.
A. Edson, S cond Vico President.
William J. Murtagh, Secretary.
William Hendley, Treasurer. .
J. R. Elvans, J. Dillon, G. W. Garrett, Wil
Ham Martin, G. U. Larcombe, and G. B. Clark,
Meets at Island Hall, (third story,) corner
of Virginia avenue and Sixth street, every
Wednesday evening, at half past seven o'clock.
GEORGETOWN REPUBLICAN ASSOCI
John S. Paxton, President.
W. W. McNeir, First Vice President.
J. W, Deeblc, Second Vico President
H. G. Divine, Cor. and Hec. Secretary.
Jesse Chick, Treasurer.
WIDE-AWAKES OF THE DISTRICT OF
Lewis Clephanc, President.
George H. Plant, Vice President
A. C. Richards, Secretary.
Henry M. Knight, Captain.
M. Smith, First Lieutenant
R. M. Downer, Second Lieutenant
Meets at the Wigwam every Monday even
Notary Public, Commissioner of the Court of
Claims and for the State of California, and
Attorney for business in the several Depart
ments, IS prepared to take Depositions for the Court
of Claims, and the Courts in the several States
and Territories ; and also to act as Counsellor
end Attorney for business before the different
Departments of Government.
Deeds, Wills, and other Writings, prepared,
and Acknowledgments taken.
Office, 402 F street, next to Seventh street, op
posite the Post Office and Patent Office,
dec 4 2aw3m
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