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THE NATIONAL REPUBLICAN
On Seventh street, near K, opposite tbe General
Ft Office, by
" LEWIS GLEPHANE CO.
To city subscribers, six cent per week, paya
ble to the carriers.
To mail subscribers, tbre dollars and fifty
cents per annum, payablo (n advance.
Vol. I. WASHINGTON, D. 0., MONDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1860. No. 29.
PRICE ONE CENT.
WHEN I MEAN TO MARUV.
bt joiin'o. S1XI.
When do I mean to marry ? Well
Til idle to dispute with fate;
But if you choose to hear me tell,
Pray listen while I fix the date:
When daughters baste, with eager feet,
A mother's dally toll to share ;
Can make the puddings which they eat,
And mend the stockings which they wear ;
When maidens look upon a man
As In himself what they would marry,
And not as army-soldiers lean
A sutler or a commissary ;
When gentle ladles who hare got
The offer of a lover's band,
Consent to (hare his " earthly lot,"
And do not mean his lot of land ;
When young mechanics are allowed
To find and wed the farmers' girls
Who don't expect to bo endowed
With rubles, diamonds, and pearls ;
When wires, in short, shall freely glre
Their hearts and bands to aid their spouses,
And lire as they were wont to lire
Within thetr sires' one-story houses ;
Then, madam If I'm not loo old
Rejoiced to quit this lonely life,
I'll brush my bearer, cease to scold,
And look about me for a wtfel
A HINT TO LADY RAILWAY TRAVEL
LERS.. The following anecdote details a frolic,
which those who understand more than one
language, and are full of mischief, often have
on opportunity of indulging in, in a railway
Not many months since, a young Parisian,
travelling in Germany, took the road from
Strasburg to Berlin. In the carriage be se
lected were four other persons, two mammas
and two daughters. The two mothers wero
face to face in one corner, the young man took
the opposite, and found himself face to face
with the young ladies. The Parisian put on
a distraught and absent air. The collector
came to demand the tickets. The young man
paid no attention at all, when the request was
many times repeated. Roused at last from his
reverie in presence of the young ladies, he
lad recourse to a ruse, to avoid exciting ridi
cule. "What are yon saying; T" said ho;
"why do you not speak French?" The col
lector then explained by signs, the ticket was
examined, and the young man returned to his
reverie ; but not to enjoy it long, for this time
the young ladies aroused him. They began iu
" This young man is a very handsome one,"
" Hist, Bertha I" said the other, with a sort
" Why, he don't know a word of German,"
said Bertha. " We can talk freely. What do
you think of him ? "
" Only ordinary," was the reply.
"You are difficult to please. He has a
charming figure and a genteel air."
t Fin is tnn nnlp. ami. bplidell. VIM know T
, ... , ...... ..-, j
" And you know I prefer dark to fair. We
have nothing but fair faces in Germany. It is
monotonous and commonplace."
" You forget that you are blonde."
" Oh, for a woman it is different. He has
" Bertha, if your mother should hear you I "
" She is busy with her talk to your mother :
besides, it is no harm to speak of moustaches."
" I prefer the light moustaches of Albert."
" I understand that Albert is espoused to
you ; but I, who am without a lover, am free
to express my opinions, and as free to say that
this young man bas beautiful eyes."
" They have no expression, returned Ber
tha. " You do not know. I am sure he has much
spirit, and it is a pity he does not speak Ger
man : he would chat with us."
" Would you marry a Frenchman ? " asked
" Why not, if he looks like this one, and was
spirited, well-born, and amiable ? But I can
hardly keep from laughing. See, he doesn't
mistrust what we are saying."
The youn traveller was endowed with a great
power of sell-control, and he bad preserved his
absent and inattentive air all the time ; and,
while the dialogue continued, he thought what
curious results his attempt to avert a laugh by
pretending not to know German had brought
about. Ho looked carefully at Bertha, and his
resolution was taken. At the next station, the
collector came again for the tickets. Our young
man, with extra elaboration and in excellent
German, said " Ah, you want my ticket. Very
well let me see; I believe it is in my porle
monnaie. Oh, yes, here it is."
The effect was startling. Bertha nearly faint
ed away, but soon recovered under the polite
anoloiries of the vounv Frenchman. Tliev were
pleased with each other, and in a few weeks
iierlba ratitied her good opinion of tho young
man, and her willingness to wed a Frenchman.
They are now living at Hamburg.
Decidcdlr tho best thine of the season is tho
the publication of Congressional proceedings, by
Charleston Mercury, under the head of "For
eign News." It argues well of the leading spirits
of that spunky little kingdom, that they remem
ber their " little joke " in such an emergency.
We may soon see announced in tho Mercury
(the Court Journal) the departure of Lord Ham
mond for the Court of St. James, Sir Lawrence
Keitt for St. Petershurgh, and of l'riuco Rhett
for the Tuilleries.
The Chicago Tribune says that a wandering
disunionist from Yazoo, Mississippi, with a
cockade on his hat visited Mr. Lincoln at his
room on Wednesday of last week, and was
courteously received. His cockade was the
cause of much excitement in Springfield ; but
beyond a few pointed questions addressed to
him, he was not made aware of the attention he
Organization of the Departments.
The whole machinery employed to conduct the
business arising out of ur foreign relations with
all the Powers of the world Is far more simple
tban Is generally conceived. The number em
ployed In the Department of State of the United
Stales Is only twenty-elght,as follows: One Sec
retary of State, (Hon. Lewis Cass,) one Assistant
Secretary of State, (Hod. John Appleton,) one
Chief Clerk, one Superintendent of Statistics,
twenty-two Clerks, one Translator, and one Li
brarian. Dipknatic Branch. This branch of the State
Department has charge of all correspondence
between the Denirtment and other diplomatic
agents of the Unite States abroad, and those of
foreign Powers accredited to this Government.
In It all diplomatic Instructions sent from the
Department, and communications to commission
ers under treaties of boundaries, &c, are pre
pared, copied, aud recorded; and all of like char
acter received are registered and filed, their con
tents being first entered in an analytlo table or
Contular Branch. This branch has charge of
the correspondence, 4c, between tbe Department
and the coniuls and commercial agents of the
United States. In It Instructions to ttioic officers,
and answers to their dispatches and to letters
rom other persons asking for consular agency,
or relating to consular affairs, are prepared and
Tit Disbursing Agent He has charge of all
correspondence and other matters connected with
accounts relating to any fund with the disburse
ment of which the Department is charged.
The Tramlator. Ills duties are to furnish such
translations as the Department may require, lie
also records the commissions of consuls and vice
consuls, when not In English, upon which exe
quaturs are Issued.
Cleric Appointments and Commissions. He
makes out and records commissions, letters of
appointment, and nominations to the Senate ;
makes out and records exequaturs, and tecords,
when in English, tbe commissions on which they
are Issued. Has charge of the library.
Clerk oflheRolU and Archives He takes charge
of tbo rolls, or enrolled acts and resolutions of
0 jngress, as lliey are received at the Department
from tho President; prepares tbe authenticated
copies thereof which a-e called fir; prepares for,
and superintends their publication, and that of
treaties, in the newspapers and in book form;
attends to their distribution throughout the
United States, and that of all document and pub
lications in regtrd to which this duty Is assigned
to tbe I epartment; writing and answering all
letters connected therewith. Has charge of all
Indian treaties, and business relating thereto.
Clerk of Territorial BmineaTht Seal of the
Department, $c. He has charge of thoseals of
the United States and of tbe Department, and
prepares and att'Cbes certificates to papers pre
sented for authentication ; has charge of the Ter
ritorial business ; immigration and registered sea
men ; records all letters from the Department,
other than the diplomatic and consular.
C erk of Pardon) and Passports He prepares
and records pardons and remissions ; and regis
ters and files tbe petitions and papers on which
they are founded. Makes out and records pass
ports ; keeps a dally register of all letters, other
than diplomatic and consular, received, and of
the disposition made of them ; prepares letters
relating to tnts business.
Superintendent of Statistics. lie superintends
the preparation of the " Annual Report of tbe
'Secretary of State and Foreign Commerce," as
required by the acts of 1842 and 1850.
ATTORNEY GENERAL'S OFFICE.
Hon. Jeremiah S. Black, Attorney General of
the United States ; A. D. McCalmont, Esq., Assist
ant. The ordinary business of this offico may be
classified under the following heads:
1. Official opinions on the current business of
the Government, as called for by the President,
by any head Of Department, or by the Solicitor
of the Treasury.
2 Examination of the titles of all land pur
chased, as the sites of arsenals, custom-houses,
light-houses, and all other public works of the
3. Applications for pardons In all cases of con
viction in the courts of tbe United Stales.
4. Applications tor appointment in all the ju
dicial and legal business of tbe Government.
6. The conduct and argument of all suits In
the Supreme Court of tbe United States In which
the Government Is concerned.
0 The supervision of all other suits arising In
any of tbe Departments, when referred by the
bead thereof to the Attorney General.
To these ordinary beads of the business of the
office Is added at the present time the direction
of all appeals on land claims in California.
Secretary or the Department of tbe Interior,
Hon Jacob Thompson, of the State of Missis
sippi. Its clerical force consists of one Chief
Clerk, (Moses Kelly.Esq ,) two Disbursing Clerks,
and ten other regular Clerks ; and to lis super
vision and management are commltud tbe fol
lowing branches of the public si rvlce :
lt. The Public Lands. the chief of this bu
reau Is called the Commissioner of the Ueneral
Land Office. The Land Dur.au Is charged with
the surtey, management, and salo of tbe public
domain, and the Issuing of titles theref jr, whether
derived from confirmations of grants made ,by
former Governmeuts, by sales, donations, of
grants for schools, military bounties, or public
improvements, and likewise tbe revision of Vir
ginia military bounty-land claims, and the Issu
ing of scrip in 1 eu thereof. The Land Office,
also, audits its own accounts. Tbe present Com
missioner is Joseph S. Wilson. Its principal
officers are a Recorder, Chief Clerk, who also
acts as Commissioner ail interim, Principal Clerk
of Surreys, besides a Draughtsman, Assistant
Draughtsman, aud some 190 Clerks of various
2d. Pensions. Tbe present head of this bureau
is George O. Wbltlng, or Virginia. Tbe Com
missioner is charged w th tho examlnat'on and
adjudication of all claims arising under the va
rious and numeroui laws passed by Congress
granting bounty land or pensions for tbe mili
tary or naval services in the revolutionary and
ubsequent wars In which the United Stales have
been engaged. He bas one Chief Clerk, (John
Robb, Esq.,) and a permanent corps, consisting
of some seventy other Clerks.
3d. Indian). Commissioner of Indian Affairs,
A. I). Greenwood, of Arkansas. He is provided
with a Chief 0 erk, and about fifteen other sub
4th. Patent Office. Man. Philip F. Thomas, of
Maryland, Commissioner of Patents. To this
bureau is committed tbe execution and perform
ance of all " aits and things touching and re
specting the granting and issuing of patents for
new and useful discoveries, inventions, and im
provements;" the collection of statistics rela
ting to agriculture; the collection and distribu
tion of seeds, plants, and ruttings. It has a
Chief Clerk who Is by law the acting Commis
sioner of Patents In the absence of tbe Commis
sionertwelve principal and twelve assistant
Examiners of Patents, somo doten subordinate
permanent Clerks, besides a consld rable num
ber of temporary employees. Samuel T. Shu
gert, Esq., Chief Clerk.
An act passed at the last session of Congress
provided that all books, maps, charts, and other
publications, heretofore deposited in tbe De
partment of State, according to the laws regula
tes copyrights, should be removed to tho De
partment of tbe Interior, which Is charged with
all the duties connected with matters pertaining
to copyright; which duties have been assigned
by the Secretary of tbe Interior to the Patent Of
fice, as belonging most appropriately to this
branch of the service.
Beiid'S these four principal branches of this
new Executive Department, the organic act of
1849 transferred to it from the Treasury Depart
ment the supervision of the accounts of the Uni
ted States Marshals and Attorneys, and the
Clerks of tbe United States Courts, the manage
ment of tbe lead and other mines of the United-
States, aid the affairs of the penitentiary of the
United States in the District of Columbia ; and
from the State Department tbe duty of taking
and returning the censuses of the Unl ed States,
and of supervising and directing the acts of the
Commissioner of Public Buildings. The Hospi
tal for the Insane of tbe orniy and nary and of
the District of Columbia is also under the man
agement of ibis Department; in addition to
which, by laws recently passed, the Secretary of
the Interior Is cbarp d with the construction of
the threo wagon roads leading to tbe Pacific
Under act of February o. 1859. "providing for
keeping and dis'ributlog all public documents,
all the books, documents, &c, printed or pur
chased by tbe Government," tbe Annals of Con
gress, American State Papers, American Ar
ch ves, Jefferson's nd Adams's Works, are
transferred to this Department from the fctue
Department, Librury of Congress, and elsewhere;
also, the Journals and Documents of the Thirty
fifth Congress. These valuable vorks are dis
tributed to those rho are by law entitled to re
ceive them, and to such " colleges, public libe
ries, athenaeums, literary and scientific institu
tions, boards of trade, or public essoclations,"
as shall be designated by the members of Con
gress. Tbo Department requires nn additional build
ing for Its accommodation, nnd the erection of
one has been repeatedly recommended during
the last few years for that purpose. At present,
the Pension Office is provided with rooms in what
is known as " Winder's Building," while the
other branches f tbe Diparlment, including the
Secretary's office, are all crowded into the Patent
Office building, tbo wLole of which will be re
quired at an early day tor the use of tbe Patent
Office, for which it was originally intended.
The Treasury Department consists of the offi
ces of the Secretary of the Treasury, two Comp
trollers, Commissioner of the Customs, six Au
ditors, Treasurer) Register, Solicitor, Light-house
Board, and Coast Surrey.
The following; is a brief indication of the duties
of these several offices, and of the force employed
therein, respectively :
Secretary's Office. Hon. Howell Cobb, Secre
tary of the Treasury; Hon. Philip Clayton, Assist
ant Secretary; one Engineer in Charge; one
Architect, aud three Draughtsmen temporarily
employed, and twenty-three Clerks. The Secre
tary of the Treasury Is charged with tbe general
supervision of the fiscal transactions of tho Gov
ernment, and of the execution of tbe laws con
cerning the commerce and navigation of tbe
United States. He superintends the survey of
me coast, tne 1 gut-house estantisnmeni, me ma
rine hospitals of the United States, and the con
struction of certain public buildings for custom
bouses and other purposes.
First Comptroller'! Offic. Hon. William Me
dlll, Comptroller, and fifteen Clerks. He pre
scribes the mode of keeping and rendering ac
counts .for tbe civil and diplomatic service, as
well as the public lands, and revises and certifies
tbe balances arising thereon.
Second Complrtller's Office. J. M. Cutis, Esq.,
Comptroller, and seventeen Clerks He prescribes
tbe mode of keeping and rendering the accounts
of the Army, Navy, and Indian departments of
the public service, and revtses and cer tines tne
balances arising thereon.
Office of Commissioner of Customs. Samuel
L Ingham, Esq., Commissioner, and eleven Clerks.
lie prescribes tbe mode ol Keeping and rendering
the accounts of the customs, revenue, and dis
bursements, aad for the building and repairing
custom-houses, Ac, and revises and certifies the
balances arising thereon.
Pint Auditor'e Office. Tbomas L. Smith, Esq.,
First Auditor, and nineteen Clerks, He receives
and adjusts the accounts of the customs revenue
and disbursements, appropriations and expend,
lturos on account of the civil list, and under
private acts of Congress, and reports the balances
to tbe Commissioner of the Customs and the
First Comptroller, respectively, for their decision
Second Auditor' i Office. Thomas J. D. Fuller,
Second Auditor, and twenty-one Clerks. He re
ceives and adjusts all accounts relating to the
pay, clothing, and recruiting of the army, as well
as armories, arsenals, and ordnance, and all ac
counts relating to the Indian department, and
reports the balances to the Second Comptroller,
for bis decision thereon.
Third Auditor's Office. Robert J. Atkinson,
Esq., Third Auditor, and seventy-eight Clerks.
He receives and adjusts all accounts for subsist
ence of the army, fortifications, Military Acad
emy, military roads, and the Quartermaster's de
partment, as well as for pensions, claims arising
from military services previous to 1616, and for
ho ses and other property lost In the military
service, under various acts of Congress, and re
ports the balances to tbe Second Comptroller, for
his decision thereon.
Fourth Auditor'i Office. A. J, O'Bannon, Esq.,
Fourth Auditor, and"siileen Clerks. He receives
and adjusts all accounts for tbe service of tbe
Navy Department, and reports the balances to
tbe Second Comptroller, for his decision thereon.
Ffth Auditor'i Office. Bartholomew Fuller,
Esq., Fifth Auditor, and six Clerks. He re
ceives and adjusts all accounts for diplomatic
and similar services performed under the direc
tion of the State Department, and reports the
balances to tbe First Comptroller, for bis decision
Suth Auditor'! Office. Di. Thomas M. Tale,
Auditor of the Treasury for the Post Office De
partment, and one hundred and fourteen Clerks,
lie receives and adjusts nil accounts arising from
tbe service of the Post Office Department. His
decisions are final, unless nn appeal be taken in
twelve months to the First Comptroller. He
superintends the collection of all debts due the
Post Office Department, and all penalties and
forfeitures imposed on postmasters and mail con
tractors for failing to do their duty ; he directs
suits and legal proceedings, civil and criminal,
and takes all such measures as may be author
ized by law to enforce the prompt payment of
moneys due to the Department; Instructing Uni
ted States attorneys, marshals, and clerks, on all
matters relating thereto; and receives returns
from each term of the United States courts, of the
condition and progress of such suits and legal
proceedings: has charge of all lands and other
property assigned to the United States in pay
ment of debts due the Post Office Department,
and baa power to sell and dispose of the same
for the benefit of the United States.
Treasurer's Office. Samuel Casey, Esq., Treas
urer, and thirteen Clerks. He receives and keeps
the moneys of the United States in his own
office, and that of the depositories created by the
act of the 6th of August, 184G, and pays out the
same upon warrants drawn by the Secretary of
the Treasury, countersigned by the First Comp
troller, and upon warrants drawn by tbe Post
master General, and countersigned by the Sixth
Auditor, and recorded by the Register. He also
holds public moneys advanced by warrant to
disbursing officers, and pays out the same upon
Pegitter'i Office. FInley Bigger, Esq., Register,
and twenty-nine Clerks. He keeps tbe accounts
of public receipts and expenditures ; receives
the returns and makes out tbe official statement
of commerce and navigation of the United States ;
and receives from the First Comptroller and
Commissioner of Customs all accounts and
vouchers decided by them, and is charged by
law with their safe keeping.
Solicitor' eOffice. Hon. Junius Hlllyer, Solicitor,
and six Cletks. He superintends all civil suits
commenced by the United States, (except those
anting in Ike Poet Office Department,) and instructs
the United States attorneys, marshals, and
clerks, in all matters relating to them and their
results. He receives returns' from each term of
the United States courts, showing tbe progress
and condition of such suits ; has charge of all
lands and other property assigned to the United
States in payment of debts, (except thote auigned
in payment of debit due the Pott Office Department,)
and has power to sell nnd dispose of the same
for the benefit orHhe United States.
Liyhl-IIouse Board. Hon. Howell Cobb, Sec
retary of the Treasury, ez-officio President; Com.
W. B. Shubrlck, United States Navy, Chairman;
Commander E. G. Tilton, United States Nary;
.Major A. ii. uowman, uorps ot Engineers, uni
ted Statrs Army : Cant. A. A. Humphreys, Corns
Topographical Engineers, United Stales Army ;
I'roi. Joseph Henry, secretary ot tne omiin
sonlan Institution ; Prof. A. 1). Bnchc, Super
intendent of the Coast Surrey ; Commander Ra
phael Semmes, United States Nary, and Captain
W. F. Smith, Corps Topographical Engineers,
United States Army, members, the last two being
also Secretaries : and five Clerks. This board
directs the building and repairing of light
houses, light-vessels, beacons, and buoys, con
tracts for supplies, and governs the personnel of
United Statee Coatt Survey. Professor A. D.
Bache, LL. D., Superintendent, and Superintend
ent of Weights and Measures.
Oapt. William R. Palmer, Corps Topographical
Engineers, United States Army, in charge of the
Coast Survey Office; Lieut. A. P. Hill, United
States Army, Assistant.
Assistant W. P. Trowbridge, computer of
Assistant Curs. A. Schott, in charge of com
Assistant L. F. Pourtales, in charge of tidal
Lieut. Thomas Wilson, United States Army,
In charge of drawing division.
Mr. Edward Wharton, acting in charge of en
Lieut. John R. Smead, United States Army, In
charge of miscellaneous divisions.
Samuel Hein, Disbursing Agent.
George Mathiot, Electrotypist.
Joseph Saxton, Assistant to Superintendent of
Weights and .Measures.
POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT.
Hon. Joseph Holt, Postmaster General. The
direction and management of the Post Office De
partment are assigned by the Constitution and
laws to tbe Postmaster General. That Its busi
ness may be the more conveniently arranged and
prepared for his final action, It Is distributed
among several bureaus, as follows : The Ap
pointment Office, in charge of tbe First Assistant
Postmaster General; the Contract Office, in
charge of the Second Assistant Postmaster Gen
eral ; the Finance Office, in chargo of the Third
Assistant Postmaster General ; and the Inspec
tion umce, in charge ot tne unlet uierK.
Appointment Office. Horatio King, Esq., First
Assistant Postmaster General, nnd nineteen
Clerks. To this office are assigned all questions
which relate to the establishment and discon
tinuance of post offices, changes of sites and
names, appointment and removal of postmasters
and route and local agents, as also the giving
of Instructions to postmasters. Postmasters are
furnished with marking and rating stamps and
letter balauces by this bureau, which is charged
also with providing blanks and stationery for
the use of the Department, and with the superin
tendence of the several agencies established for
supplying postmasters with blanks. To this
bureau Is likewise assigned the supervision of
the ocean mall steamship lines, and of the foreign
and international postal arrangements.
Contract Office. William II. Dundas, Esq,
Second Assistant Postmaster General, nnd twenty-six
clerks. To this office is assigned the
business of arranging the mail service of the
United States, and placing tbe same under con
tract, embracing all correspondence and proceed
ings respecting the frequency of trips, mode of
conveyance, nnd times of departures and arri
vals on all tbo routes ; the course of the mall
betwecji tbe different sections of tbe country,
tbe points of mall distribution, and tbe regula
tions for the government of the domestic mall
service of the United States. It prepares the
advertisements for mail proposals, receives the
bids, and takes charge of tbe annual and occa
sional mall lettlngs, and the adjustment and exe
cution of the contracts. All applications for
tbe establishment or alteration of mail arrange
ments, and tbo appointment of Mail Messengers,
should be sent to this office. All claims should
be submitted to it for transportation service not
under contract, as the recognition of said service
Is first to he obtained through the Contract
Office, as a necessary authority for tbe proper
credits at tbe Auditor's Office. From this office
all postmasters at the euds of routes receive the
statement of mall arrangements prescribed lor
the respective routes. It reports weekly to the
Auditor all contracts executed, and all orders
afiectlng accounts for malt transportation ; pre
pares the statistical exhibits of the mall service,
and the reports of the mail lettlngs, giving a
statement of each bid ; also, of the contracts
made, the new service originated, the curtail
ments ordered, and the additional allowances
granted within the year.
Finance Office. A. N. Zcvely, Esq., Third As
sistant Postmaster General, and twenty-one
clerks. To this office are assigned the supervis
ion and management of the financial business
of the Department, not devolved by law upon
tbe Auditor, embracing accounts with tbe draft
offices and other depositaries of the Department,
the Issuing of warrants and drafts inpayment
of balances reported by the Auditor to be due to
mall contractors and other persons, the supervis
ion of the accounts of offices under orders to
deposit their quarterly balances at deslgna'ed
points, and the superintendence of the rendition
by postmasters of their quarterly returns of
postages. It has charge of the Dead-Letter
Office, of the issuing of postage stamps and
stamped envelopes for the pre-payment of post
age, and of the accounts connected therewith.
To the Third Assistant Postmaster General all
postmasters should direct their quarterly returns
of postage ; those at draft offices, their letters
reporting quarterly tbe net proceeds of tbelr
offices; and those at depositing offices, their cer
tificates of deposit ; to him should also be di
rected tbe weekly and monthly returns of the
depositaries of the Department, as well as all
applications and receipts for postage stamps and
stamped envelopes, and for dead letters.
Intpeclion Office. Beni. N. Cement), Esq.,
Chief Clerk, and seventeen clerks. To this office
Is assigned the duty of receiving and examining
the registers of the arrivals and departures of
the mails, certlficttes o the service of route
agents, and reports cf malU failures ; of noting
the delinquencies of contractors, and preparing
cases thereon for tbe action of tbe Postmaster
General; furnishing blanks fcr mail registers,
and reports of mill failures; providing and
sending out mall bags ani mail locks and keys,
and doing all other things which may be neces
sary to secure a filthlut and exact performance
of all mall contracts.
All cases of m-ill depredation, of violation of
law by private expresses, or by tbe forging or
illegal use of postage stam s, are under the su
pervision of this office, and should he reported
All communications respecting lost money,
letters, mall depredations, or other violations ef
law, or mail locks and keys, should be directed,
"Chief Clerk, Post Office Department"
All registers of the arrivals and departures of
the mails, certificates of the service of route
agents, re. oris of mail failures, applications for
blank registers, and reports of failures, and all
complaints against contractors for Irregular or
Imperfect service, should be directed, " Inspection
Office, Post Office Department."
The Navy Department consists of the Navy
Department proper, being the office of the Sec
retary and of five bureaus attached thereto, viz :
Bureau of Navy Yards and Docks, Bureau of
Construction, Equipment, and Repair, Bureau of
Provisions and Clothing, Buresu of Ordnance
and Hydrography, and the Bureau of Medicine
Tbe following Is a statement of the duties of
each of these offices, and of the force employed
Secrclary'i Office. lion. Isaac Touccy, Secre
tary of tbe Navy; Charles W. Welsh, Esq.,
Chief Clerk, and eleven Clerks. The Secretary
of the Navy has charge of everything connected
with the naval establishment, and the execution
of all laws relating thereto is intrusted to him,
under tbe general direction of the President ot
tbe United States, who, by tbe Constitution, is
Commander-in-chief of the Army and Navy.
All Instructions to commanders of squadrons
and commanders of vessels, all orders of officers,
commissions of officers both in tbe navy and
marine corps, appointments of connnlisiond
and warrant officers, orders for the enlittment
and discharge of seamen, emanate from tbe Sec
retary's Office. All the dutlei of tbe different
bureaus are perform d under tbe authority of
tbe Secretary, and their orders are considered
as emanating from blm. The general superin
tendence ot the marine corps formt also a part
of tbe duties of the Secret try, and all the orders
of the commandant of that corps sb uld be ap
proved by him.
Bureau of Navy Yardt and Dodt. Commo
dore Joseph Smith, Chief of the Bureau, four
Clerks,one Civil Engineer, and one Draughtsman.
All tbe navy yards, docks, and wharves, build
ings and machinery in navy yards, and every
thing Immediately connected with tbem, are
under the superintendence of this bureau. It is
also charged with the management of tbe Naval
Bureau of Conttruclion, Equipment, and Be
pair. John Lentball, Esq., Chief of the Bureau,
eight Clerks, and one Draughtsman. The cilice
of the Englncer-ln-cblef of the Navy, Samuel
Archbold, Esq., is attached to this bureau, who
Is assisted by three assistant engineers. This
bureau has charge of the building and repairs of
all vessels of war, purchase of materials, and the
providing of all vessels with their equipments,
as sails, anchors, water tanks, &c. The Engl-ncer-in-chlef
superintends the construction of
all marine steam englne-i for the navy, and, with
tbe approval of tbe Secretary, decides upon plans
for their construction.
Bureau of Provitiont and Clothing. H. Brldgo,
Purser United States Navy, Chief of Bureau, and
four Clerks. All provisions for tbe use of the
navy, and clothing, together with the making of
contracts for furnishing the same, como under
the charge of this bureau.
Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography. Capt.
Duncan Ingraham, Chief of Bureau, four Clerks,
and one Draughtsman. This bureau has charge
of all ordnance and ordnance stores, tbe manu
facture or purchase of cannon, guns, powder,
shot, shells, &c, and tbe equipment of vessels
of war, with everything connected therewith. It
also provides them with mans, charts, chronom
eters, barometers, &c, together with such books
as are furnished ships of war. "The United
States Naval Observatory and Hydrographlcal
Office" at Washington, and the Naval Academy
at Annapolis, are also under the general super
intendence of tbe Chief of this Bureau.
Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. Dr. William
Whelan, Surgeon United States Navy, Chief of
Bureau; one Passed Assistant Surgeon United
States Nary, and two Clerks. Everything rela
ting to medicines and medical stores, treatment
of sick and wounded, and management of hos-
Kltals, comes wllhlu the superintendence of this
Hon. J. B. Floyd, Secretary of War, W. R.
Drlnknrd, Chief Clerk, seven Clerks, two Mes
sengers, and one Laborer. Tbe following bu
reaus are attached to this Department.
Commanding Generate Office. This office, at
the head of which is Lieutenant General Scott,
is at New York.
Adjutant QencraTt Office. Col. Samuel Coop
er, Adjutant Genets!. Assistants Major E. D.
Townsend, Major W. A. Nichols, Capt. S. Wil
liams, and Capt. J. P. Garesche; Judge Advo
cate, Major John F. Lee; ten Clerks and one
Messenger. In this office are kept all the records
which refer to the personnel of the armyj the
rolls, Ac. It is here that all military commis
sions are made out.
Quartermaster Generate Office. Brevet Major
General T. S. Jesup, Quartermaster General.
Assistants Major E. tj. Sibley, Brevet. Major H.
0. Wayne, and Brevet Majcrr J. Btlger eleven
Clerks and one Messenger.
Paymatter Generalj3ffice.Col. B. F. Lamed,
Paymaster General, Ltent. Col. T. P. Andrews,
District Paymaster ; seven Clerks and one Mes
senger. Committary Generate Office. General George
Gibson, Commissary General ; Assistant, Capt.
A. E. Sbiras; six Clerks and one Messenger.
Surgeon Generate Office. Gen. Thomas Law
son, Surgeon General ; Assistant, Dr. R. C.Wood;
three Clerks and one Messenger.
Engineer Offile.Otn. Joseph G. Totten, Chief
Engineer ; Assistant, Captain II. G. Wright; fire
Clerks nnd one Messenger.
Topographical Bureau Col. J. J. Abert, Colo
nel of the Corps ; Assistant, Capt. I. G. Wood
ruff; five Clerks and one Messenger.
Ordnance Bureau. Col. II. K. Craig, Colonel
of Ordnance ; Assistant, Capt. William Mayna
dier; eight Clerks and one Messenger.
490 Seventh ttrcet,
OU can find a complete assortment of House
keeping Hardware, Cutlery, Mlver-plated
Ware, Britannia, Block Tin, and Japanned Ware,
Door Mats, Table Mats, Feather Dusters, Clocks,
and all tbo useful articles for Housekeeping,
together with Ladies' Satchels, Card Cases,
Purses, Fans, Combs, Brushes, Baskets, Ac,
4c, all selected with great care, bought for
cash, and will be sold at tbe very lowest prices.
Purchasers will R well to remember
Housc-Furnlshlng Store, No. 404 Seventh street
"LINCOLN STOMACH BITTERS." '
ONLY sold at the store of W. Gerecke, No.
493 Eighth street, below Pennsylvania
avenue. Also, a great supply just imported of
Swltz and Llnburg Cheese, Sardeltes, Sardines,
Holl. Herrings, &c, for sale.
nov 30 W. UUllrJJK.K.
. LADD, WEBSTER, & CO.'S
IMPROVED TIQHT-STITCH SEWINQ
A Jew of the many reasons why these Sewing
Machines are preferred above all others.
1. Tbey are remarkably simple in their con
struction. A child can operate them, and
understand the mechanism.
2. They are the strongest Sewing Machine
made. It is almost impossible to break or get
tbem out of order.
3. They are sure in their operation ; finishing
the work in a uniformly perfect manner. .
4. Tbey make a tight lock-stitch, alike on both
sides of the work, which cannot be unravelled.
5. They stitch, hem, bind, fell, run, ani gather,
C. Tbey sew equally well the lightest aad tbe
7. They sew over tho heaviest seams wHhoot
changing the tension or breaking the finest
8. Tbey use any No. of Cotton, Thread, or
Silk, directly from the spool.
9. They use a straight needle; curved ones
are liable to break.
10. The needle has a perpendieuUr motion.
This is absolutely necessary for heavy work.
11 They have a wheel feed ; none others are
In constant contact with the work.
12. They run easily and almost noiseless.
1.1. They are not liable to oil the dress of the
14. They do not require a screw-driver to set
15. They do not hare to be taken apart to oil
16. They do not form ridges on tbe under side
of the work, nor ravel out, nor are they waste
ful of thread, as is tbe case with all chain-stitch
17. They are capable of doing a greater range
of work, nnd in a mors perfect manner, than any
other Sewing Machine, as Is proved by the result
of our challenge for a trial, which has nerrr been
LADD, WEBSTER, & CO.,
348 Pennsylvania avenue,
nor 20 Janney's Store.
TI1K UNION WILL STAND, NO MATTER
WHO'S PRESIDENT I
CONSEQUENTLY, I shall remain In Wash
ington, and continue to pursue my occu
pation of HOUSE, SIGN, and ORNAMENTAL
PAINTING. Gilding in all its branches. Old
Glazing promptly attended to. Painting and
Ornamenting Cottage Furniture in the best
style. I also call attention to the Painting of
Roofs and Brick Walls.
All of tbe above I will do as cheap as the
cheapest. I therefore solicit the patronage of
my friends and fellow citizens of the District.
Punctuality strictly observed, and work done in
the best manner. .
You will please mind your stops, and stop at
M. T. 1'AUKKU'S Painting Establishment, No. S3 1
63 1 1 53 II I Louisiana avenue, north s!1e, be
tween Sixth and Seventh streets.
P. S Signs put up free of charge, as usual.
Corner of Indiana avenue and S.cond street,
Washington, V. C.
BOOKS, Pamphlets, Wood Engravings, and
Jobs of all kinds, Sterootyped to order. A
varietv of Business Cuts on hand, for tale, etinin
I for cash. 0. W. MURRAY, Stereotyper.