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WASHINGTON, D. C, TUESDAY, JANUARY I, 1861.
PRICE ONE CENT.
ANECDOTE OP LORENZO DOW.
Standing at a post office in ono of our South
ern States, I was introduced to a very respectable-looking
and intelligent Methodist clergy
nan, with whom 1 entered into conversation.
He proved a cheerful man, and the discourse
fell upon the eccentricities of preachers. I
owe the grouad6rk of the following anec
dote of the celebrated Lorenzo Dow to this ren
contre. Dow was very exact in the appointments ho
made, and sometimes arranged them a long
way adead. lie once preached near one of the
small towns of Upper Georgia, and told his
congregation, on that day one ear he would
preach to them again t
The next season, on n Saturday afternoon
preceding the Sabbath of the appointed time,
the old man was jogging along the main road
in the direction of the, congregation.
lie noticed before him a stout little negro
boy, of peculiarly active step and manner, who
carried in his hand a small tin horn, such as
are used to call the people to their meals.
The custom among many in the South is to
allow married men to go to their wives' houses,
and children to visit their parents, on Saturday
evening, to stay with them on Sundays; and as
the negroes are musically inclined, they carry
a fife, or a horn, or d banjo, to give- notice of
their approach", and to bcguilo the way. In
other cases they whiotle, sing, or shout. A
healthy, cheerful negro, of honest inteutions,
uses generally some means of association, even
if he is obliged to talk to himself I
'Bow, according to his usual manner, en
tered into conversation with the boy, and found
ho was about to visit the congregation he had
appointed to meet.
If tho truth must be told, Lorenzo had an
idea that the character of his flock was that of
a reckless, frolicksotne, kind, careless people,
upou whom it was necessary to mako a very
decided impression, or his time would bo
thrown away among them.
" What is your name, ray 'ad ? " asked Dow.
"Gabriel, sir," replied tho boy, lifting a
new straw hat, and showing his ivory, while he
actively stepped along to keep pace with thp
" Can you blow upon that horn ? "
" Oh, yes, master, I can toot a little."
" Well, let me hear you."
So th'e negro inflated his velvet cheeks, and
made the woods resound.
" Do you know a tall pint tree near the stand
at Sharon ? " said Dow.
" Yes, that I does, very well, master."
Lorenzo then put his hand in his pocket,
and, palling out a silver dollar, showed it to
the boy, and told him if he would climb up
into the pine tree before the people met at tho
meeting, and kept quiet there until the preach
er called out his uame, and then blow loudly
his horn, as he had just done, he would givo
him the silver dollar, if ho did not tell anybody
The negro expressed himself highly delighted
at such an, offer, and promised punctuality with
On the Sabbath, a large meeting assembled
at Sharon to hear tho famous Lorenzo Dow.
Serious old men and their wives, wild boys
and their sweethearts, almost all on horseback,
sometimes by twos and threes, besides negroes
from a great distance, on foot, being read ly
captivated by the naturally eccentric, for they
love anything that has a laugh attached to it,
and they knew that Lorenzo was good for a
joke, even if it did hit hard.
Dow selected rather a brimstone text, and
made the application as strong as possible, but
lie forced his way slowly among the mercurial,
healthful, honest hearted people, who were hard
to frighten, lie enumerated tbe enormity of
the vices he thought to prevail, but they wcro
so used to them that the words slid over them
like water over a duck's back.
At length he boldly described, in the plainest
kind of language, tho appearances and tharac
ter of " the last great day," and what would be
their condition when that day came I " Sup
pose," exclaimed the preacher, suddenly, and
then paused, "that this were the day I" He
saw that some of the women became a little
fidgety, and nudged the fellows into silence and
attention. "Suppose," repeated he, elevating
his vdice, "that this day Gabriel should blow
his trump I"
At this moment the little negro showed he
was "a trump,-' and from the top of the lofty
pine, a loud, clamorous blast overwhelmed the
audience. The women shrieked: the men rose
in great surprise ; the horses, tied round the
camp, neighed, reared, and kicked ; while tho
terrified negroes changed their complexion to a
dull purple color. Never was alarm, surprise,
and astonishment, more promptly exhibited.
Lorenzo Dow looked with grove but pleased
attention upon tho successful result of his ex
periment, until tho first clamor had subsided,
und some began to estimate tbe character ot
the artificial angel, and were about to apply
a little hickory after the piuei But this sug
gestion was arrested by the loud and solemn
tones of the preacher, who, looking very firmly
into the faces of his disturbed audience, as ho
leaned over them to continue his discourse, im
pressively remarked :
" And now, if a little negro boy, with a tin
horn, on the ton of a nine bush, can mako you
feel ao, how will you feci when tbe day docs
come?" K. Y. fytnt of the Times.
The Argus, a paper published in the city of
Drogheda, Ireland, coolly tells its readers that
"tho election by tho Northern States of Amer
ica of a black man fli Piesident lias at length
brought about n stato of feeling between the
Southern and Northern States whii.lt for along
time has been feared, mid which threatens to
end in the disruption of the American Union.
Sinco tho Confederation was formed, no Presi
dential election has excited so much party feel
ing as has the election of Abraham JJnco'n, a
black gentleman, hitheito unknown out oj the
State m which he Hied or at least, unknown
as a public man in Europe."
An AnauMtNT ron Marriage.- Tho more
married men you have, says Voltaire, the fewer
crimes there will be. Examine the frightful
columns of our criminnl calendars jouwill
there find a hundred youths executed for one
father of a family. Marriage renders a man
viituous and more wise. Tho father of a family
is not willing to blush beforo his children.
Organization of the Departments.
The whole machine-) employed to conduct the
business arising out of ur foreign relations with
all the Powers of the worll Is far more simple
fian Is generally conceived. The number em
ployed in the Department of State of the United
States is only twenty-elgbt,ns follows: One Sec
retary of State, (Hon. Lewis Cats,) one Assistant
Secretary of State, (Hon. John Appleton,! one
Chief Clerk, one Superlntehdent or Statistics,
twenty-two Clerks, one Translator, and one Li
Diplomatic Branch. This branch of the State
Department has charge of all correspondence
between the Depirtment and other diplomatic
agents of the Unite States abroad, and those of
foreign Powers accredited to this Government.
In it all diplomatie instructions sent from the
Department, and communications to commission
ers under treaties of boundaries, ic, are pre
pared, copied, and recorded; and all of like char
acter received are registered and filed, their con
tents being first entered in an analytic table or
Comular Branch. This branch has charge of
the corresfiondence, 4c, between the Department
and tbe con uls and commercial agents of the
United Slates. In it instructions to tt ore officers,
and answers to their dispatches and to letters
rom other persons asking for consular agency,
or relating to consular affairs, are prepired and
The Disbursing Agent lie has charge of all
correspondence and other matters connected with
account relating to any fund with tbe disburse
ment of which the Department is charged.
The Translator. Ills dutieB are to furnish such
translations as the Department may require. He
also records the commissions of consuls and vice
consuls, when not in English, upon which exe
quaturs aro issued.
Clerk of Appointment) and Commissions. He
makes out and records commissions, letters of
appointment, aud nominations to the Senate;
makes out and records exequaturs, and iccords,
when in English, the commltslo-s on which they
are issued. Has chargo of tho library.
Clerk otheRolU and Archie He takes chargo
of tho rolls, or enrolled acts and resolutions of
Congress, as they are received ut the Department
from the President; prepares the authenticated
copies thereof which a-e culled fr; prepares for,
and superintends their publication, and that of
treaties, in the newspapers and in book form;
attends to their distribution throughout the
United States, and that of all document and pub
lications in regird to which this duty is assigned
to the lepartment; writing and answering nil
letters connected therewith. Has charge ot all
Indian treaties, and businees relating thereto.
Clerk of Territorial BusinctsThe Seal of the
Department, $c He has charge of the seals of
tne united states ami oi tne urpnnmem, ana
prepares and attiches certificates to papers pre
sented for authentication; has charge of the Ter
ritorial business ; immigration ana registered sea
men ; records all letters from the Depirtment,
other than the diplomatic and consular.
O'erk of Pardons and Passports He prepares
and records pardons and remissions; and regis
ters and files tbe petitions and papers on which
they are founded. Makes out and records pass
ports ; keeps a daily register of all letters, other
than diplomatic and consular, received, and of
tbe disposition made of them; prepares letters
relating to this business.
Superintendent of Stalittici. He superintends
the preparation of tbe " Annual Report of tho
Secretary of State and Foreign Commerce," as
required by tbe acts of 1842 and 1850.
ATTORNEY GENERAL'S OFFICE.
Hon. Jeremiah S. Black, Attorney General of
the United States ; A. B. McCalmont, Esq , Assist
ant. The ordinary business of this ofilco may be
classified under the following heads :
1. Official opin'ons on the current business of
the Government, as called for by tbe President,
by any head of Department, or by the Solicitor
of tho Treasury.
2. Examination of tbe titles of all land pur
chased, as the sites of arsenals, custom-houses,
light-bouses, and all other public works of the
3. Applications for pardons in all cases of con
viction in the courts of the United States.
4. Applications tor appointment in all the ju
dicial and legal business of the Government.
G. The conduct and argument of all suits in
the Supreme Court of the United States in which
tne uovernment is concerned.
8 Tbe supervision of all other suits arising in
any of the Departments, when referred by the
head thereof to the Attorney General.
To these ordinary heads ot the business of the
office is added at the present tlmo the direction
of all appeals on land claims in California.
Sccctary of the Department of the Interior,
Hon Jacob Thompson, of the State of Missis
sippi Its clerical force consists of one Chief
Clerk, (Moses Kellv,Esq ,) two Disbursing Clerks,
and ten other regular Cleiks; and to its super
vision and management are committed tho fol
lowing branches of the public s rvics :
1 t. The Public Lands. the chief of this bu
reau is called the Commissioner of the General
Land Ofllce. The Land Bur nu is charged with
the survey, management, and enlo of the public
domain, and the Issuing of titles theref r, whether
derived from confirmations of grants roide by
loriner Governments, by soles, donations, of
gran's for schools, military bounties, or public
Improvements, and likewise the revision of Vir
ginia military bount-land claims, and the issu
ing of scrip In 1 eu thereof. Tho Land Oflice,
also, audits Its own accounts. Thj present Com
missioner Is Joseph S. Wilson. Its principal
officers are a Recorder, Chief Clerk, who also
acts as Comm'ssioner ad interim, Principal Clerk
of Surveys, besides a Draughtsman, Assis ant
Dra 'gutsiniui, and some 150 Clerks of various
2d. Pensions Tho present head of this bureau
is George O. Wultlng, of Virginia. The Com
mls'lonir is charged w th the examlnat on auJ
adjudication of all claims arising under the va
rious aid numerom laws passed by Congress
granting bounty laud or pensions for the mili
tary or naval services In tbo revolutionary und
uhsequent wars in which the Unlttd States have
been engaged. He has one Chlet Clerk, (John
Robb, Esq ,) and a permanent corps, consisting
of some seventy other Clerks.
3d. Indians. Comraisslon-r of Indian Affairs,
A. B. Greenwood, ol Arkansas. He is provided
with a Chief O erk, and about fifteen other sub
4th. Patent Office. Uon. Philip T. Thomas, of
Maryland, Commissioner of Pa'enls. To this
bureau is committed the execution and perform
ance of all "a-ts and things touching and re
specting tho granting and Issuing of pa'cnts for
new and useful discoveries, inventions, and lm
provemsn s;" the collection of stilistlcs rela
I g to agriculture; the collection and distribu
tion of seeds, plants, and cuttings. It has a
Chi f Clerk who is by law the acting Commis
sioner of Patents In the absence of the Commis
sioner twelve pr ncipal and twelve assistant
Examiners of Patents, some dozen subordinate
Sermanent Clerks, beslde's a considerable nura
er or temporary emplnjees. SamuI T. Shu
gert, Esq, Chief Clerk.
An act passed at the last session of Congress
prov'ded that alt books, maps, charts, and other
publications, heretofore deposi'ed in the De
partment of State, according to the laws regula
t ng copyrights, should be removed to the De
partment of tbe Interior, which Is charged with
alt the duties connected with matters pertaining
to copj right; which duties have been assigned
by the Secretary of the Interior to the Patent Of
fice, as belonging most appropriately to this
branch of the service.
Besid'a these four principal branches of this
new Executive Department, tbe organic act of
1849 transferred to it from tbe Treasury Depart
ment tbe supervision of tbe accounts of the Uni
ted States Marshals and Attorneys, and the
Clerks of the United States Courts, the manage
ment of tbe lead and other mines of the United
Stated, aid the nfTalrs of the penitentiary of the
United States in the District of Columbia; and
from the State Department tbe duty of taking
and returning the censuses or tbe Uni ed states,
and of supervising end directing the acts of the
Commissioner of Public Buildings. The Hospi
tal for tbe Insane of the army and navy and of
the District of Columbia is also under the man
agement of this Department; In addition to
which, by laws recently passed, the Secretary of
the Interior is charged with the construction of
the three wagon roads leading to tbe Pacific
Under act of February D, 1850, " providing for
keeping and dis rlluting all public documents,
all the books, documents, 4c., printed or pur
chased by the Government," the Annals of Con
gress, American State Papers, American Ar
chives, Jefferson's und Adams's Works, are
transferred to this Department from the fctite
Department, Library of Congress, and elsewhere;
also, the Journals and Documents of tho Thirty
fifth Congress. These valuable vorks are dis
tributed to those who are by law entitled to re
ceive them, and to such " colleges, public libri
ries, athenaeums, literary and scientific institu
tions, boards of trade, or public sssociations,"
as shall be designated by the members of Con
gress. The Department requires an additional build
ing for its accommodation, and the erection of
ono has been repeatedly recommended during
the last few years for that purpose. At present,
the Pension Office is provided with rooms in what
is known as "Winder's Biilding," while tho
other branches tf the Department, Including the
Secretary's office, are all crowded into the Patent
Oflice building, the wi-ole ot which "111 bo re
quired at an early day tor the use of tbo Patent
unice, lor wnicb It was originally Intended.
The Treasury Department consists of the offi
ces of tbe Secretary of the Treasury, two Comp
trollers, Commissioner of the Customs, six Au
ditors, Treasurer, Register, Solicitor, Light-house
Board, and Coast Survey.
Tbe following is a brief indication of the duties
of these several offices, and of tbe force employed
Secretary's Office. Hon. Howell Cobb, Secre
tary of the Treasury; Hon. Philip Clayton, Assist
ant Secretary; one Engineer in Charge; ono
Architect, and three Draughtsmen temporarily
employed, and twentv-tbiee Clerks. Tbe Secre
tary ol the Treasury is charged with the general
supervision of the fiscal transactions of the Gov
ernment, and of the execution of the laws con
cerning tbe commerce and navigation of the
United States. He ruperlntends tbe survey of
the coast, the I'ght-house establishment, the ma
rine hospitals ot the United States, and the con
struction of certain public buildings for custom
houses and other purposes.
First Comptroller's Office Hon. William Me-
d ill, Comptroller, and fifteen Clerks. He pre
scribes the mode of keeping and rendering ac
counts for the civil and diplomatic service, as
well as the public lands, and revises and certifies
tbe balances arising thereon. .
Second Comptroller's Office J. M. Cutis, Esq ,
Comptroller, and seventeen Clerks He prescribes
the mode ot keeping and rendering the accounts
of tho Army, Navy, and Indian departments of
tho ublic service, and revises and certifies the
balances arising thereon.
Office of Commissioner of Customs. Samuel
Ingham, Esq., Commissioner, and eleven Clerks.
He prescribes the mode ot keeping and rendering
tho accounts of the customs, revenue, and dis
bursements, and for tbe building and repairing
custom-houses, ic, aud revises and certifies the
balances arising thereon.
First Auditor's Ojjice. Thomas L. Smith, Esq.,
First Auditor, and nineteen Clerks. He receives
aud adjusts the accounts of the customs revenue
und disbursements, appropriations and expend
itures on account ot the eh 11 list, and under
private acts of Congress, and reports the balances
to the Commissioner of the Customs and the
First Comptroller, respectively, for their decision
Second Auditor's Office. Thomas J. D. Fuller,
Second Auditor, und twenty-one Clerks. He re
ceives and adjusts all accounts relating to the
pay, clothing, and recruiting of the army, as vv ell
as armories, arsenals, and ordnance, and all ac
counts relating to the Indian department, and
reports tbe balances to the Second Comptroller,
for his decision thereon.
Third Auditor's Office Robert J. Atkinson,
Esq , Third Auditor, and seventy-eight Clerks.
He receives and adjusts all accounts tor subsist
ence of the army, fortifications. Military Acad
emy, military roads, and the Quartermaster's de
partment, as well as for pensions, claims arising
Irom military semces previous to 1810, and for
ho seo and other property lost in tho military
sen Ice, under various acts of Congress, and re
ports the balances to the Second Comptroller, for
his decision thereon.
Fourth Auditor's Ojjice. A. J O'Uannon, Esq ,
Fourth Auditor, and sixteen Clerks. He receives
and adjusts all accounts for the service of tho
Navy Department, and reports the balances to
the Sedond Comptroller, for his decision thereon.
Fifth Auditor's Office Bartholomew Fuller,
Esq , Fifth Auditor, and six Clerks, lie re
ceives and adjusts all accounts for diplomatic
and similar services performed under the direc
tion of tho State Department, and reports the
balances to the First Comptroller, for his decision
Sixth Auditor's Office Dr. Thomas M. Tate,
Auditor of the Treasury for the Post Olhce De
partment, and one hundred and fourteen Clerks,
lie receives and adjusts nil accounts arising from
the service of tbe Post Oifice Department. His
decisions are final, unless an appeal be taken in
twelve months to tbe First Comptroller. He
superintends the collection of all debts due the
Post Office Department, and all penalties and
forfeitures imposed on postmasters and mall con
tractors for fulling to do their duty ; he directs
suits and legal proceedings, civil and criminal,
and takes all such measures as may be author
ized by law to enforce the prompt payment of
moneys due to the Department; instructing Uni
ted States attorneys, marshals, and clerks, on all
matters relating thereto; and receives returns
from each term of tbe United States courts, of the
condition and progress of sucb suits and legal
proceedings; has charge of all lands and other
property assigned to the United States in pay
ment of debts due the Post Office Department,
and has power to sell and dispose of the same
for the benefit of the United States.
Treasurer's Office. Samuel Casey, Esq., Treas
urer, and thirteen Clerks. He receives and keeps
the moneys of the United States in bis own
office, and that of tbe depositories created by the
act of the Ctli of August, 184G, and pays out the
same upon warrants drawn by tbe Secretary of
the Treasury, countersigned by tho First Comp
troller, and upon warrants drawn by tbe Post
master General, and countersigned by the Sixth
Auditor, and recorded by the Register, lie also
holds public moneys advanced by warrant to
disbursing officers, and pays out the same upon
Register's Office Finley Bigger, Esq , Register,
and twenty-nine Clerks. He keeps the accounts
of public receipts and expenditures; receives
the returns and mnkes out the ofhcial statement
of commerce and navigation of the United Stales ;
and receives from the First Comptroller and
Commissioner of Customs all accounts and
vouchers decided by them, and is charged by
law w 1th thejr safe keeping.
Solicitor' sOffice Hon. Junlus-Hillyer, Solicitor,
and six Clerks. He superintends all civil suits
commenced by the United States, except those
arising in the Post Office Department,) and instructs
the United States attoineys, marshals, and
clerks, In all matters relating to them and their
result". He receives returns from each term of
tho United States courts, showing the progress
and condition ot such suits ; has charge of all
lands and other property assigned to the United
States In pa) incut of debts, except those assigned
in payment of debts due the Post Office Department,)
and has power to sell and dispose of tbe same
for the benefit of tho United States.
Ltyht-Houtc Board Hon. Howell Cobb, Sec
retary of tho Treasury, ex-ofjicio President; Com.
W. B. Shubrick, United States Navy, Chairman;
Commander E. G. Tilton, United States Navy;
Major A. II. Bowman, Corps of Engineers, Uni
ted States Army ; Capt. A. A. Humphreys, Corps
Topographical Engineers, United States Army;
Prof. Joseph Henri, Secretary ol the Smith
sonian Institution ; Prof. A. D. Bache, Super
intendent of the Coast Survey ; Commander Ra
phael Semmes, United States Navy, and Captain
w. 1. smim, uorps J opograpntcal engineers,
United States Army, members, the last two being
also Secretaries ; and five Clerks. This board
directs the building and repairing of light
houses, light-vessels, beacons, and buoys, con
tracts for supplies, and governs tho personnel of
United States Coast Survey. Professor A. D.
Bache, LL. D., Superintendent, and Superintend
ent of Weights and Measures.
Capt. William R. Palmer, Corps Topographical
Engineers, United States Army, in charge of the
Coast Survey Office; Lieut. A. P. Hill, United
States Army, Assistant.
Assistant W. P. Trowbridge, computer of
Assistant Cbas. A. Schott, in charge of com
Assistant L. F. Pourtales, in charge of tidal
Lieut. Thomas Wilson, United States Army,
In charge of drawing division.
Mr. Edward Wharton, acting in charge of en
Lieut. John R. Smead, United States Army, in
charge of miscellaneous divisions.
Samuel Hein, Disbursing Agent.
George Malhiot, Electrotvpist.
Joseph Saxton, Assistant to Superintendent of
Weights and Measures.
POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT.
Hon. Joseph Holt, Postmaster Genernl. The
direction and management of the Post Oflice De
partment are assigned by the Constitution nnd
laws to tbe Postmaster General. That its busi
ness may bo the more conveniently arranged and
prepared lor his final action, it is distributed
amung several bureaus, as follows: The Ap
pointment Oflice, in charge of the First Assistant
Postmaster Genernl; the Contract Oflice, in
charge of the Second Assistant Postmaster Gen
eral ; the Finance Oflice, In charge of the Third
Assistant Postmaster General ; and the Inspec
tion Office, in charge of the Chief Clerk.
Appointment Office. Horatio King, Esq , First
Assistant rostnmter General, aud nineteen
Clerks. To this olhce are assigned all questions
which relate to the establishment and discon
tinuance of post olhces, changes of sites and
names, appointment and remoral of postmasters
and route and local agents, as also tho giving
of instructions to postmasters. Postmasters are
furnished with marking and rating stamps and
letter balances by this bureau, which is charged
also with providing blanks and stationery for
tho use of the Department, nnd with tho superin
tendence of the several agencies established for
supplying postmasters with blanks. To this
bureau is likewise assigned tho supervision of
the ocean mail steamship lines, and of the foreign
nnd international postal arrangements.
Contract Offce William II. Dunda, Esq,
Second Assistant Postmaster General, nnd twenty-six
clerks. To this oflice is assigned the
business of arranging tho mail service of tbe
Uuitid Slates, nnd placing the same under con
tract, embracing all correspondence nnd proceed
ings respecting the frequency of trips, modo of
conveyance, nnd times of departures and arri
vals on all the routes; the course of the mall
between the different sections of the country,
the points of mail distribution, nnd the regula
tions for the government of tho domestic mall
service of the United States. It prepares tho
advertisements for mill proposals, receives tho
bids, and takes charge of tin annual and occa
sional mall letllngs, and the adjustment and exe
cution of the contracts. All applications for
the establishment or alteration of mall arrange
ments, and the appointment of Mail Messengers,
should be sent to this oflice. All claims should
ho submitted to it for transportation service not
undir contract, as the recoguilion of said service
is first to bo obtained through the Contract
Office, as a necessary authority for the proper
credits at the Auditor's Office. From this office
all postmasters at the ends of routes receive the
statement of mall arrangements prescribed for
the respective routes. It reports weekly to the
Auditor b11 contracts executed, nnd nil orders
aflectlnft accounts for mall transportation ; pre
pares the statistical exhibits of the mail service, '
and tho reports of the mall lettlngs, giving a
statement of each hid ; also, of tbe contracts .
made, the new service originated, the curtail
ments ordered, and the additional allowances '
granted within the venr.
Finance Office. A. N. Zcvely, Esq , Third As- j
sistant Phstmaster General, and twenty-one
clerks. To this officoare assigned the supervis- '
ion and management of tbo financial business
of the Department, not devolved by law upon
the Auditor, embracing accounts with the draft i
offices and other depositaries of the Department,
tbe issuing of warrants and drafts lnpavmen
ol balances reported by tbe Auditor to be due to
mall contractors and other persons, tbe supervis
ion of tho accounts of offices under orders to
deposit their quarterly balances at deslgna'ed
point's, and tbe superintendence of tbe rendition
by postmasters of their quarterly returns of
postages. It has charge of the Dead-Letter
Oflice, of the issuing of postage stamps and
stamped envelopes for the pre-payment of post
age, and of the accounts connected therewith.
To the Third Assistant Postmaster General all
postmasters should direct their quarterly returns
of postage ; those at draft offices, tbeir letters
reporting quarterly the net proceeds of their
offices ; and those at depositing offices, their cer
tificates of deposit; to blm should also be di
rected the weekly and monthly returns of the
depositaries of tbe Department, as well as all
applications and receipts for postage stamps and
stamped envelopes, and for dead letters.
Inspection Offce. Benj. N. Cement', Esq ,
Chief Clerk, nnd seventeen clerks. To this office
is asslgrrd the duty of receiving and examining
tho registers of the arrival) and departures of
tbe mails, certificetea o' the servleo of route
agents, and reports of mall failures ; of noting
the delinquencies of contractors, and preparing
cases thereon for the action of the Postmaster
General ; furnishing blanks for mail registers,
and reports of mill failures; providing and
sending out mall bags an 1 mail locks and kejs,
and doing all other things which may be neces
sary to secure a faithful and exact performance
of oil mall contract'.
All cases of null depredation, of violation of
law by private expresses, or by the forglrfg or
illegal use of postage stam s, are under the su
pervision of this office, and should be reported
All communications respecting lost money,
letters, mall depredations, or other violations ot
law, or mall locks and keys, sho lid be directed,
"Chler Clerk, Post Office Department."
All registers of the arrivals an 1 departures of
the malls, certificates of the service of route
agents, re oris of mail failure;, applications fur
blank regiiters, and reports of failures, and all
complaints agflost contractors for irregular or
imperfect service, should be directed, " Inspection
Office, Post Oflice Department."
The Navy Department consists of the Navy
Department proper, being the oflice of the Sec
retary and of five burenus attached thereto, viz :
Bureau of Navy Yards and Docks, Bureau of
Construction, Equipment, and Repair, Bureau of
Provisions and Clothing, Bureiu of O-dnanco
and Hydrography, and tbe Bureau of Medicine
Tbe following is a statement of the duties of
each of these offices, and of the fprce employed
Secretary's Office. Hon. Isaac Touccy, Secre
tary of the Navy; Charles W. Welsh, Esq.,
Chief Clerk, and eleven Clerks. The Secretary
of the Navy has charge of everything connected
with the naval eit ibltsliment, and the execution
ot all laws relating thereto Is intrusted to him,
undfr the general direction of the President of
the United State', who, by the Constitution, is
Commander-in-chief of the Army and Navy.
All instructions to commanders of squadrons
and commanders of vessels, all orders ot oflicers,
commissions of officers both in the navy and
marine corps, appointments of comml'slon'd
and warrant officers, orders for the enllitment
and discharge of seamen, emanate from the Sec
retin's Olli.e. All the dutlej of the different
bureaus are perform d under tbe authority of
the Secretnry, and their orders are considered
as emanating from blm. Tbe general superin
tendence of the marine corps fortni also a part
of the duties of the Secret ry, and all the orders
of the commandant of that corps sh uld be ap
proved by him.
Bureau of Xavy Yards and Docks. Commo
dore Joseph Smith, Chief of the Bureau, four
Clerks, one Civil Engineer, and one Draughtsman.
All the navj yards, docks, and wharves, build
lugs and machinery In navy yards, and every
thing immediately connected with them, are
under the superintendence of this bureau. It is
also charged with the management of tbe Naval
Bureau of Construction, Equipment, ami Re
pair. John Lenthnll, Esq , Chief of the Bureau,
eight Clerks, and one Draughtsman. The office
of tbe Engineer-in-chief of the Navy, Samuel
Arcbbold, Esq , Is attached to this bureau, who
Is assls'ed by three assistant engineers. This '
bureau has charge of the building and repairs of
all vessels of war, purchase of materials, and the
providing of all vessels with their equipments,
as sails, anchors, water tanks, Ac. The Engl-neer-in-cliiet
superintends the construction of
all marine steam englnei for the navy, and, with
the approval of the Secretary, decides upon plans
for their construction.
Bureau of Proiisions and Clothing H. Bridge,
Purser United States Navv, Chief of Bureau, and
four Clerks. All provisions for the use of the
navy, and clothing, together with tho making of
contracts for furnishing the same, como under
tbe charge of this bureau.
Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography. Capt.
Duncan Ingrahnm, Chief of Bureau, four Clerks,
and one Draughtsman. This bureau has charge
of all orduance and ordnance stores, the manu
facture or purchase of cannon, guns, powder,
shot, Bbells, ke , and the equipment of vessels
ot war, with ever thing connected therewith. It
also provides them with maps, charts, chronom
eters, barometers, &c , together with sucb books
as are furnished ships of war. "The United
States Naval Observatory and Hydtographlcal
Oflico" at Washington, and the Naval Academy
at Annapolis, are also under the general super
intendence of the Chief of this Bureau.
Bureau of Medicine and Surgery Dr. William
Whelan, Surgeon United States Navy, Chief jof
Bureau ; ono Passed Assistant Surgeon United
states Navv, and two Clerks. Ever) thing rela
ting to medicines nnd medical stores, treatment
of siek and wounded, and management of hos
pitals, tomes within the superintendence, of this
Hon. J. B. Floyd, Secretary of War, W. R.
Drinkard, Chief Clerk, seven Clerks, two Mes
sengers, and one Laborer. The following bu
reaus are attached to this Department.
Commanding Oeiieral's Office. This office, at
the bead of which is Lieutenant General Scott,
is at New York.
Adjutant OeneraVs Office. Col. Samuel Coop
er, Adjutant Genernl. Assistants Major E. D.
Townsend, Major W. A.. Nichols, Capt. 8. Wil
liams, and Capt. J. P. Garesche; Judge Advo
cate, Major John F. Lee ; ten Clerks and one
Messenger. In this oflico are kept all the records
which refer to the personnel of the army,. the
rolls, Ac. It is here that all military commis
sions are msde out.
Quartermaster OeneraVs Office. Brevet Major
General T. S. Jesup, Quartermaster General.
Assistants Major E. S. Sibley, Brevet Major n.
0. Wayne, and Brevet Major J. Btlger ; eleven
Clerks and one Messenger.
Paymaster OeneraVs Office. Col. B. F. Larned,
Paymaster General, Lieut. Col. T. P. Andrews,
District Paymaster ; seven Clerks and one Mes
senger. Commissary OeneraVs Office. General George
Gibson, Commissary General ; Assistant, Capt.
A. E. Shiras ; six Clerks and one Messenger.
Surgeon OeneraVs Office. Gen. Thomas Law
son, Surgeon General ; Assistant, Dr. R. 0. Wood;
three Clerks and one Messenger.
Engineer Office. Gen. Joseph O. Totten, Chief
Engineer ; Assistant, Captain II. G. Wright; five
Clerks and one Messenger.
Topographical Bureau Col. J. J. Abert, Colo
nel of the Corps ; Assistant, Capt. I. C. Wood
ruff; five Clerks and one Messenger.
Ordnance Bureau. Col. II. K. Craig, Colonel
of Ordnance ; Assistant, Capt. William Mayna
dicr ; eight Clerks and one Messenger.
490 Seventh street,
OU can find a complete assortment of House
keeping Hardware, Cutlery, Silver-plated
Ware, Britannia, Block Tin, and Japanned Ware,
Door Mats, Table Mats, Feather Dusters, Clocks,
and all the useful articles for Housekeeping,
together with Ladles' Satchels, Card Cases,
Purses, Fans, Combs, Brushes, Boskets,' fcc,
4c, all selected with great care, bought for
cash, and will be sold at the very lowest prices
Purchasers will do well to remember
IIouse-Furnhhlng Store, No. 490 Seventh street
"LINCOLN STOMACH BITTERS."
ONLY sold at the store of W. Gerecke, on
Pennsylvania avenue, between Four-and-a-half
and Sixth streets. Also, a great supply Just
impotted ot Switz and Llnburg Cheese, Sar
dcllcs, Sardines, lloll. Herrings, &c, for sale,
nov 30 W. GERECKE.
THE UNION WILL STAND, NO MATTER
WHO'S PRESIDENT I
CONSEQUENTLY, I shall remain In Wash
ington, and continue to pursue my occu
pation of HOUSE, SIGN, and ORNAMENTAL
PAINTING. Gilding- in all its branches. Old
Glazing promptly attended to. Painting and
Ornamenting Cottage Furnlturo in the best
style. I also call attention to the Painting of
Roofs and Brick Walls.
All of tbe above I will do as cheap as the
cheapest. I therefore solicit the patronage of
my friends and fellow citizens of the District.
Punctuality strictly observed, and work done in
the best manner.
You will please mind your stops, and atop at
M. T.PARKEfl'S Painting Establishment, No. 53 1
53 11 53111 Louisiana avenue, north side, be
tween Sixth and cventh streets.
P. S Signs put up free of charge, as usual.
Corner of Indiana avenue and S cond street,
Washington, V. C.
BOOKS, Pamphlets, Wood Engravings, and
Jobs of all kinds, Stereotyped to order. A
variety of Business Cuts on band, for sale, cheap
for cash. C. W. MURRAY, Stereotyper.
Practical Chronometer, Clock, aaJ
437 Seventh street, bet. G and II,
informs his customers and the pub
lic In general, that he has just re
ceived a fine stock of Gold Patent
nnd Detached Levers, Leplne, Duplex, and other
Watches ; also, fine French Clocks, Jewelry,
ic. Attends promptly to tbe Repairing of fine
Watches, Clocks, and Jewelry. dec 20 lm
A MAN, surveyor and draughtsman, who has
four or five hours of spare time per day,
wishes to get an engagement in drawing maps,
charts, ic. Apply at No 470 Ninth street, be
tween D and E. deo 18
WANTED A young man, twenty years of
age, vv ho has had considerable experience
in such matters, wishes to obtalb a situation as
clerk or salesman in a store. Can famish the
best city reference. Address " G. B. U.," City
Post Oflice. -.dec 21
J. 3. COOMBS,
Attorney and Counsellor at, Law,
WILL practico in tbe local Courts of this
District, and in the Supreme Court and
Court of Claims. Oflice at the corner of Indi
ana avenue and Sccood street.
Wines, Brandies, &o.
Choice Old Madeira, Duff Gordon Sherry,
Old LD Port, Tine Table Madeira,
Old Carasquedo Sherry, Superior Brandies,
Fine Old India Madeira, (a very superior article,
not usually found In this market.)
Congress Water. For sale low by
BROWNING 4 KEATING,
35J Penn. avenue, near Sixth street.
MassachuseUlear Mess Fork
For sale low by
BROWNING & KEATING,
353 Pcnu. avenue, near Sixth street