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MVT.Out publication oflico Is on .Seventh
etrtetVao'Jolnlng Adamsou's Periodical Depot,
and opposite the General Post Ofllcc.
Tneiday, January 1, 1861.
We understand that the President of the
United States had concluded to fill the vacancy
occasioned by the resignation of Secretary
Flbyd, of the War Department, by appointing
'General Scott to that position, and had even
proceeded so far as to forward his nomination
to the 'Senate for confirmation ; Secretaries
"KoWpson and Thomas, however, hearing of
the fact, declared that they would instantly
tender their resignations if such appointment
was made) which declaration caused tbe Pres
ident to change his decision and revoke the
appointment. Postmaster General Holt was
then requested to act as Secretary of War ad
interim, which he has consented to do.
General Lane was not tendered the appoint
ment, is reported.
BSf It Is reported that the Navy Depart
ment has received a dispatch from Lieutenant
James P. Foster, commanding tho slaver Boni
ta, which was carried into Charleston, stating
that his prisoner, the captain of the slaver, had
been taken before a State judge by writ of Ad
eem corpus, that the judge remanded the pris
oner to his custody, on the ground that he had
no jurisdiction, and that, on his way to the
Bonita with his prisoner, he had been taken
by force from his custody by a mob.
ft& Mr. Sherman, of Ohio, in a letter ad
dressed to persous in Philadelphia, favors the
proposition of Mr. Adams, to admit New Mexi
co as a State. He says slavery can never be
established there, as agriculture can only he
carried on by irrigation. He doubts the ex
pediency of further acquisitions of territory at
present, as they would only give occasion for
disputes, arising from differences of opinion
upon the slavery question, which are irrecon
cilable. ' The Postmaster General has ordered
warrants to be drawn in favor of the mail con
tractors in South Carolina for about thirty-six
thousand dollars, being tho balance to the
credit of tho Department deposited with the
Assistant Treasurer at Charleston, thus secur
ing to the postal service all accrued funds in
that seceding State.
T-S. Peters, Esq., a citizen of Alabama, op
posed io ' secession, publishes a letter to the
President, asking him " what degree of protec
tion are those to expect from the General Gov
crnment who wish to remain in tbe seceding
or revolutionary States, and to continue citi
zens of the United States of America, loyal to
the Const! ution, the Government, and the
The Treasury Notes. The New York
Dank of Commerce has made an offer, which
has been accepted, for the balance of the five
millions of Treasury notes at twelve per cent,
THE CITY OF WASHINGTON.
The suggestion, that if the people of this
city would take hold heartily of the proposed
overthrow of the Government, it might be
made the capital of the new Southern Confed
eracy, was probably thrown out by Mr. Iver
son, as an amusing experiment upon the gulli
bility of mankind. And if anybody is caught
by the suggestion, we venture to say that no
body enjoys the joke better than the Senator
Whatever else may happen, the States which
adhere to the old Union, will hold on to the
old capital, with its edifices, its traditions, and
its prestige. Pride and policy, combine to pro
hibit the slightest harboring of the idea of
compromising that point. It is a strange po
litical logic, that if Maryland secedes, the capi
tal will be yielded, because it is environed by
Maryland. Tbe true logic is, that because the
capital is environed by Maryland, that State
will lie retained in the Union. That is the
true logic, and that will be the fact, if, by any
of those chances which give ascendency to
violent and revolutionary minorities, Maryland
should be momentarily carried into any line
of politics inconsistent with her uniformly pa
triotic and conservative views. On this sub
ject there can be no misunderstanding. The
country was invited by Mar land and Virginia
to locate -the capital upon the banks of the
Potomac, and no change of views in tho
vicinage will induce the surrender of the posi
tion, or of access to it, or of anything neces
enry to its perfect security. Least of it, is it
conceivable that it would be permitted to be
the capital of a new Government, arising out
of the ruins of the old Union.
But if the adhering States should consent
to the abandonment of the city of Washing
ton, it is the last place which would be select
ed for a capital by a Confederacy controlled
by the cotton States. It is on one edge of their
proposed empire, more remote than it is from
the free States, and exposed to attack in the
wars which everybody sees must be frequent,
upon the supposition of two Confederacies.
And, in addition, politics are always largely
controlled by personal views ; and the South
Carolinians wish to get away from, and not to
perpetuate, the dynasty of Virginia.
THE FINANCES OF THE NEW NATION.
The first and so far only financial measure
of the new nation of South Carolina, was to de
cree a loan of $400,000, of which the eighth
part was taken by the suspended Dank of the
State. The balance, being tho hulk of this loan,
after being hawked about in Wall street, where
everybody laughed at it, has been taken by an
apportionment among the citizens of Charles
ton, who have any pecuniary means left. Those
who declined to take being deuounced as dis
affected, the whole thing is nothing, more, or
less, than a forced loan, and it is only the be
ginning of a series of such measures. Men who
have anything to lose,hich they can remove,
or cau convert into movable property, will fly
from South Carolina, and from any other State
which enters upon the snmo career of revolu
tion. The President Refuses to Yield Fort
Sumter. The Cabinet had a long session yes
terday, and the worst fears prevailed till late in
the afternoon, when it was made public that Mr.
Holt was to be transferred to the War Depart
ment, and that Mr. Thomas, pressed by remon
strances from Maryland, had gone over to the
side of those opposed to tbe surrender of Fort
Sumter to the uulliliers.
It is understood that Mr. King will act as
The South Carolina commissioners may now
retire when they please, that is to say, if Mr.
District Attorney Ould does not cause them to
THE AGREEMENT WITH SOUTH
It seems to be settled that there was an agree
ment between the Administrtaion and tho chiefs
of the South Carolina treason, that the statu
quo of tho forts in Charleston harbor was to bo
preserved, without reinlorcements, South Caro
lina, on her part, agreeing to abstain from at
tack, until she had tried negotiations here with
Congress, for a peaceful surrender of the forts.
It is this agreement, doubtless, to which Miles
referred in his speech in the South Carolina
Convention,. in which he sail, that if at liberty
to state matters which were " confidential," he
could satisfy everybody that South Carolina had
no reason to trouble herself about the Charles
As Mr. Floyd, at any rate, if not the Presi
dent, understood this agreement, it included
not merely the withholding of reinforcements,
but the stipulation that Major Anderson should
remain in Fort Moultrie, where the rebels could
take him whenever they saw fit, at a triflng cost
of blood, and where protracted defence was im
possible. This is the way in which Mr. Floyd,
nt any rate, understood the Agreement. It was
with that view of it, that so far as he was con
cerned in it, it was entered into. And Major
Anderson's retreat into a place of safety, is re
garded by him as such a violation of the agree
ment, as to compel him, upon a point of honor,
God save the mark ! to resign bis place in tbe
Under the circumstances, Mr. Floyd goes
back to Virginia, a confessed traitor tobis coun
try. He proclaims his own shame, in the very
reason which he assigns for his retreat from
the Government. He leaves, at least, one point
in (he history of this country, which the future
writers of it will not find to be debatable.
Tbe New York papers publish an extract
from a letter received in that city from Key
West, which is eminently suggestive. The
writer says :
" There are enougb'Union men in this town
to carry the day, if they could be sure of pro
lettioi against tnrasion from the South, lien
will remain true to tho Union, if Government
would provide for their protection by garrison
ing the forts."
And it is so, as we are advised and believe,
in other Southern States, which are being car
ried in for secession. A reign of terror pre
vails, and there is no national force, under
cover qf which the sound elements can rally.
It is the treachery of the Administration which
has ruined everything. But all this will be
changed, after the inauguration of Mr. Lincoln.
This writer says, further :
" The fort here. Fort Taylor, has sixty
heavy guns mounted, and is in so good a con
dition of defence, that one hundred men can
hold it against fire thousaud for a reasonable
time. Fort Jefferson, at the Tortugas, has no
It is not merely the trade of the Mississippi,
but tbe trade between our Atlantic and Pacific
ports, which these points in Florida command.
The idea of yielding these to tho handful of
people in what is called the " State " of Florida,
who have been living on Government money
fur the last thirty years, is absurd.
Florida cost us five millions in the original
purchase, and has cost ten times that in its
protection. But it is well worth tho money.
The positions of Pcnsacola, Tortugas, and Key
West, can only be measured by the price of
The Navioatiox op the Mississippi. What
sort of a free navigation of the Mississippi is
likely to survive the present Union, will appear
from the following extract from correspond
ence of the New York Herald, dated at Vicks.
h'irg, December 17:
" It has been Baid that the Mississippi river,
between Memphis and New Orleans, will be the
scene of tbe first bloodshed. Present appear
ances tend to show the truth of the conjecture
It was reported this morning that the steamer
City of Memphis, from St. Louis, whoso captain
has been accused of free-soil proclivities, and
summarily ordered to leave New Orleans on his
last trip, went down yesterday with one hun
dred men, armed and equipped for resistance,
should the same course be attempted again.
Dispatches were seut from here as soon as it
was known, informing tbe peoplo there of the
fact, and tbe chances of a fuss depend entirely
on the truth 'of the report."
A Revenue Cutter IIeceived. The seiz
ure of a revenue cutter at Charleston, is thus
described by a Charleston paper :
" Captain N. L. Coste, late of the U. States
revenue service, in command of the cutter Wm.
Aiken, has given official notification of his res
ignation, and has discharged his rew. The
crew, on being notified of tho position of Cap
tain Coste, under the late ordinance concerning
the customs, promptly volunteered to remain
under bis command as an officer of South
Carolina under that ordinance."
Hate. "All fraternity of feeling between
the North and South is lost, or has been con
verted into hate." South Carolina Address to
These gentlemen know better than anybody
else, what their own feelings are, and we are
Borry to hear that they ao " hale " the North.
Hut we want better authority than Caleb Cush
ing, for believing that the feeling is recipro
cated. a& The officers of the Hannibal and Saint
Joseph railroad contradict the reports of riot
ouj attacks upon that road.
In the Senate, Mr. Benjamin made a seccs
sion speech, the conclusion of which' received
some faint opplaW, principally from secession
Senators. This applause brought out a. per
fect storm of execration from tho .crowded gal
leries, the cry of "iraior" resounding1 from
While the Inevitable motion of Mr. Mason,
that the galleries bo cleared, was still pending,
tho Senate adjourned.
In the House, there was a passage of words,
accompanied with energetic gesticulations, be
tween Mr. Barksdale of Mississippi and Mr.
McClcrnand or Illinois, representing that por
tion of tbe Northwestern Democracy, who do
not mean to have the great river shut up by
nullification. Blows were prevented by the
interposition of by standers.
ADMITTING NEW MEXICO.
Tho A'. 1'. Tribune, which was in favor of
admitting New Mexico ten years ago, opposes
it now, on the ground that it has a Spanish
population, and too little at that. How was it
There are reasons for and against it; but
tho distinguished Republicans who support it,
deserve better treatment than the following
stylo of writing in tho Tribune:
" New Mexico does not desire admission as
a State; is not prepared for it. To admit her
now is simply to make her over to slavery the
scheme has no other purpose. Not a South
ern vote would be cast for her admission but
upon tbe understanding that for slavery it is
now or never, in snort, to admit ncr is out
another mode of running the Missouri line, and
carrying it further north than 3G 30'.
14 Though it is said thatJRepublicans on the
perilous committees have agreed to this dodge,
wo trust they will reconsider the matter. If
yon want to make concessious to slavery, make
them outright, and not pretend to lose them
by playing with cogged dice. Let us preserve
at least our self-respect."
If tho South had offered this "scheme,"
there would be some pretence for casting about
for Southern motives for it. But it was offered
from tho North, and voted against by the
South. It is a bold impertinenco in the Trib
une to charge upon Mr. Adams of Massachu
setts the design of carrying slavery into New
Mr. Adams and those who vote with him do
not believe that slavery can get a footing in
New Mexico in any event, but nt least they do
not eee, that making it a State, and thus taking
it out of the operation of the Dred Scott decis
ion, increases the chance of planting slavery
We consider it most suitable, so far as we
aro ourselves concerned, to await the action of
our friends in Congress, without intruding our
individual opinion. We know what the diffi
culties are, and we believe that every one of
the fourteen Republicans who voted upon this
proposition on Saturday, had the same patriotic
objects in view, although differing as to a meas
ure of mere policy.
With this view of our own duty, we feel par
ticularly at liberty to protest against the hec
toring, bullying, and insulting language of the
New York Tribune. As that paper is in favor
of letting everybody secede who wants to, upon
a theory of free-love transcendentalism, it is not
exactly in a position to adviso those who mean
to sustain the Union, the Government, and the
administration of Mr. Lincoln, against all se
ceders, few or many.
The States of yesterday evening published
the following :
Atlanta, Ga., December, 2G, I860.
lion. S. A. Douglas or
Hon. J. J. Crittenden :
Toombs's dispatch of'22d unsettled conserva
tives here. Is there any hope for Southern
rights in the Union? We are for the Union
of our fathers, if Southern rights can be pre
served in it. If not, we are for secession.
Can we yet hope the Union will be preserved
on this principle? You are looked to in this
emergency. Give us your views by dispatch,
and oblige William Ezzard.
Robert W. Sims.
James P. Hamiiletok.
Thomas S. Powell.
S. G. Howell.
J. A. Havdek.
G. W. Adair.
R. C. Uoulester.
Washington, December, 29, 1860.
In reply to your inquiry, we have hopes that
the rights of the South, and of every State and
section, may be protected within the Union.
Don't oivo up tho ship. Don't despair of the
Republic. J. J. Crittenden.
S. A. Douglas.
California Gold. Arrivals of California
gold, at New York, for the fivo years past
GROANS OF THE BRITONS.
The Charleston Murcury of Friday says :
" This transfer of the troops from Fort Moul
trie to Fort Sumter is regarded as an outrage
ous breach of faith. For there was a distinct
understanding with the General Government,
upon tbe highest authority, that no such trans
fer would bo made, no reinforcement of either
of the forts attempted, and no transfer of
arms or ammunition. Relying upon these
declarations, the authorities of South Carolina
had not taken the forts when completely within
their power. They have acted with good faith,
and expected it in return."
Mutiny. The clipper ship Hussar, of New
Bedford, Captain Ilowand, arrived in New
York on Sundny evening, from Batavia and
Padang, having on board twenty-four prisoners,
the mutineers of the ship Stagbound, among
whom is James Morris, who, in an affray on
board, stabbed the second officer, son of Cap
tain Hussey, of tbe Staghound, which termina
ted in his death, after lingering nine days in
great agony. He also Blabbed the first officer,
but the injuries were slight, and he recovered.
A TWO-STORY Brick House, No. 327 O
street, between Twelfth and Thirteenth
streets, containing seven rooms. Possession
given Immediately. Apply at this office,
Monday, December 31, 1860.
The Senate was called to order at noon.
After prayer and the reading of the journal,
Mr. Crittenden introduced a resolution, that
a portion of the galleries be set apart for for
eign ministers and their families.
After a discussion, iiuwhich Messrs. Seward,
Davis, and Mason, participated,
Mr. Trumbull moved to postpone the further
consideration of the resolution until to-morrow.
The motion was not agreed to.
Mr. Crittenden advocated the adoption of
the resolution ; which was agreed to.
Mr. Powell from the special committee of
thirteen, reported that the committee had di
rected him to report that they had been un
able to agree.
Mr. Douglas said he desired to address the
Senate on the subject on Wednesday.
The report nnd journal were ordered to be
printed; and, upon the question of printing an
extra number, Mr. Douglas took tho floor for
On motion of Mr. Bigler, it was agreed that,
when the Senato adjourn, it be to meet on
The Senate then postponed Mr. Crittenden's
resolution until Monday next, at 12 o'clock.
Mr. Wilson, of Massachutctts, introduced a
resolution of inquiry as to the places of de
posit, protection, sales, ic, of the public
arms ; which was laid on the table.
The Senate then took up the bill establish
ing a Territorial Government for Arizona.
After some debate, the Senate took up the
Kansas bill, and postponed it until Monday
Mr. Benjamin, of Louisiana, then addressed
He declared that the crisis of the country had
not come without warning ; ye the Republi
cans had scoffed at and neglected them. Now
they saw the truth ; South Carolina had become
independent; Mississippi, Florida, and Alabama,
would be independent next week; and Georgia,
Louisiana, and Texas, would soon follow. Tha
question now was, whether their independence
should be recognised or civil war begin. He
declared that South Carolina had only repealed,
in 1860, what she had done in 1788. She had
a right- to do so, because the compact which
bound her to it was a compact broken on one
side, and therefore broken on all sides. The
present Union had been formed on this princi
ple, by nine States seceding from the old Con
federation. He quoted the debates in the Con
vention of 1788-'9 to show the truth of this,
and sustained the position at length, by well
considered argument. Ho declared that the
States had two classes of remedies one class
against power usurped in the name of the Con
stitution, like secession ; and the other against
the abuse of constitutional power, revolution.
Ho denied that secession was a revolutionary
right, and quoted the McLeod case, to show
that the individual could not be held responsi
ble when carrying out his Government's orders ;
showed that a civil process must precede the
employment of military force, and that no civil
process was possible in a Beceding State. He
argucd-the subject at length, and after a reci
tation of the wrongs ensured by the South, 'de
clared, " you may bring desolation upon our
homes, but you never can subjugate us never!
never! never I" Tumultuous applause.
Mr. Mason. I demand that the galleries be
Mr. Bigler moved that the Senato adjourn.
The Chair ordered tho galleries to be cleared,
and while tbe call of yeas and nays was being
made, the gentlemen's galleries were cleared.
The Senate then adjourned.
The Speaker laid before the House a com
munication from the Secretary of War (the late
incumbent) explaining the naturo and charac
ter, and giving the reasons why he gave certain
acceptances to Russell, Majors, & Co. These,
he says, were given, but not to bo paid until
the amounts mentioned were due to these con
tractors. He refers to the usage of the Depart
ment, to the transactions of which he invites
scrutiny. The communication was referred to
the select committee appointed to investigate
the subject of the abstraction of the Indian trust
Mr. Hooper, of Utah, presented the memorial
of the people of that Territory, submitting a
State Constitution, and asking to be admitted
into the Union as a State. Referred to the
Committee on Territories, and ordered to be
Mr. McKean asked, but did not obtain leave,
to introduce a resolution asserting, that the
Union was formed by tho people of the States,
and not by the States that we are not thirty
three nations, but one nation; and that every
nation has tho power of self-preservation from
enemies without and traitors within ; and ex
pressing tho belief that this nation has the
power to do so, and that tbe power should be
Mr. Stevens, of Pennsylvania offered a reso
lution calling on the President to inform tbe
House of tbe condition of the public property
in tbe port of Charleston ; whether any means
were being taken to garrison the forts and put
them in condition for defence, after it became
evident that South Carolina intended to secede :
what troops wero there then and now ; and
whether any orders havo been given to rein
force Fort Sumter since the other forts have
been seized by the insurgents ; and what orders
havo been given to the officer in command ;
also, whether any vessels of war have been or
dered thither since the seizure of the same by
tbe rebellious forces. ,
The House refused to suspend therules for
the reception of tbe resolution yeasOl, nays
62 not two-thirds.
Mr. Stanton offered a resolution, which was
adopted, namely, that the Committee on Mili
tary Affairs inquire and report bow, to whom,
and at what price, publio arms have been dis
tributcd since January, I860 ; and also into the
condition of the forts, arsenals, dock yards, tec,
of the country, and whether they aro supplied
with adequate garrisons, and whether any fur
ther legislation is required to nfford protection
to the public property ; and that tho committee
have power to send for persons and papers, with
leave to report at any time.
Mr. Pryor offered the following resolution :
llcsolted, That any attempt to preserve the
union between tho States of the Confederacy by
lurce, wuuiu uii uujjrncuciuiie, unu uesirucuve
to republican liberty.
Mr. Stanton, alter further proceedings, moved
to lay the resolution on the table ; which was
aereed trj yeas 98, nays 55.
On motion of Mr. John Cochrane, the use of
tne nan oi ucnresentatives wns granted, under
the direction of the Chaplains of the two Houses,
for Friday next (humiliation and prayer day,
under the proclamation of the Presideut.)
Mr. Davis, of Indiana, offered a preamble,
setting forth that South Carolina had passed an
ordinance withdrawing from tho Union, and in
structing tho Committee on the Judiciary to
report what legislation, if any, is necessary, on
the part of Congress, in consequence of the po
sition that State has assumed.
Mr. Holman proposed a substitute, denying
the right of secession, and instructing the Com
mittee on the Judiciary to inquire whether tho
laws in force are sufficient to enable the Presi
dent to execute all the laws, and protect the
public property ; and, if hot, that they report
what means are necessary for this purpose, in
cluding the employment of the army and navy?
A motion was made to lay tho subject on the
table, and decided in the negative yeas 42,
Without disposing of the subject, tho House
adjourned till Wednesday. .
From tbe Washington Star, (Democratic.)
The secessionists of South Carolina have now
furnished abundant evidences that they have
been long conspiring the dissolution of the
Union, and have not tho slightest idea of re
turning to their allegiance under any circum
stances, unless ' coerced." The following aro
extracts from thepeeches made in the South
Carolina Convention, viz:
Mr. Packer, speaking of secession, said : " It
is no spasmodic effort that has como suddenly
upon us, but it has been gradually culminating
for a long scries of years."
Mr. Inglis said i "Most of us havo had this
subject under consideration for the last twenty
Mr. Keitt said: "I have been engaged In
this movemcut ever sinco I entered political
Mr. Rhctt said : " It is nothing produced bv
Mr. Lincoln's election or the non-execution. of
the fugitive slave law. It is a matter which
has been gathering head for thirty years." -And
he further said : " We are about to sunder out
relations with that section, the North, and,
I trust, forever."
On another occasion Mr. Rhett said : " The
Federal laws laying taxes on the people of
South Carolina have fallen this day; and, so
far as we are concerned, fallen, I trust, forever."
Henco It appears that there has been a long
concocted conspiracy to overturn the Govern
ment of the United States, and that the causes
heretofore alleged ore mere pretexts.
Does any friend of Union believe that these
men intend ever to return to their allegiance,
no matter what concessious are made by the
North? If so, he is under a dangerous de
lusion. Items Telegraphed from Washington.
A nother excitement has broken out in the
Charlestown, Va., region. Numerous anony
mous letters are being received by people there,
threatening ail sorts of mischief
Hon. A. R. Botoler, Representative from the
district, has just received one, similar to the
one, it may be remembered, received at the
War Department on the night of the John
Brown raid, in which the writer pretends to ex
pose a plot for another inroad into Virginia, in
which a force of seven thousand men are en
listed. In addition to the patrol already established,
it is proposed to organize a forcc-of several hun
dred mcu for tho protection of the Virginia
Tim reason assigned in these threatening let
ters for the new raids is to avenge the death of
Secretary Holt has addressed a circular to
all postmasters in South Carolina, requiring
them to answer whether they intend to recog
nise the authority of the United States, and
discharge their duty under the laws. If they
reply negatively, the mails will be stopped. No
resignation has yet been received from Mr. Hu
ger, postmaster at Charleston, and the Govern
ment is performing postal service for a people
who repudiate it, and appropriate tho revenues
to their own use, as is now publicly avowed.
Tho Secretary of the Interior has, under the
suggestion of a member of the Committee of
Investigation, ordered all the trust bonds in
his Department to be stamped so as to desig
nate their ownership.. This common precau
tion would have prevented the recent robbery
from being beneficial. to tbe thieves, in and out
of office, who divided that booty among them
selves. The acceptances of the Navy Department
were given for the Chiriqui grant purchase
made of A. W. Thompson and associates, by
Secretary Toucey, last year. Tbe Secretary
recommended in bfs report an appropriation of
$300,000, for carrying out this purchase, but
Congress did not act, excepting to send a Com
missioner to Central America to investigate tho
matter. The acceptances are accompanied by
an opinion of Attorney General Black that they
aro valid and binding on tho Government, on
the ground that the appointing of the Commis
sioner by Congress was in effect a confirmation
of the purchase.
General Scott has written to Major Anderson,
saying he has behaved like a brave man and
patriot, and he would stand by him to the last.
He also addressed a letter to Mr. Floyd, on Fri
day, informing him that as bo had, during his
presence here, assumed to issue orders in dis
regard of his authority, and without his knowl
edge, ho should hold no further communica
tion with him.
Mr. Buchanan's Contriuutions not to Ap
pear in the Ledger. Owing to the state of
public excitement in reference to the conduct
of President Buchanan, Mr. Robert Bonner, of
the Ledger, has felt called upon tho release
himself from his engagement to publish a series
of essays on public topics from tho President's
pen. Mr. Bonner, it is alleged, says, in private
justification of his course, that he has received
orders in advance from many huudreds of the
most prominent jfewspaper dealers throughout
the country, una from many thousands of his
regular subscribers, to discontinue sending
them the paper from and after the issue of any
number containing any article or essay written
by bis Excellency the President, Mr. Bonner,
in a letter to President Buchanan, dated De
cember 27, says :
" Dear and llcspected Sir : I return you
herewith, accompanied by my most grateful
thanks, your essay on 'The Science of Govern
ment,' intended as the initial chapter to the
series of contributions which you were good
enough to promise for the ledger, to be com
menced after next 4th of March." Neu York
Threatened Famine in the South. A
Kentucky letter to the Philadelphia Press
"In tho mean while, starvation throughout the
Southern cities, starvation in Alabama, starva
tion in South Carolina, starvation in Mississippi,
and starvation in Kentucky, is threatened.
Yes I almost in the neighborhood of the resi
dence of tho Vico President himself. I have in
my hand a letter from a Democrat living in
Lexington, who says : ' Times are so hard hero
that I am compelled to economize so as to
live. We havo held on hero uutil patience is
entirely exhausted, and now we see no other
alternative but secession.' The cry that ' cot
ton is king ' is well enough, but cotton cannot
buy bacon anil grain to feed the slaves. This
must be procured with bullion, with gold nnd
silver; and while England will undoubtedly
send forward her specie in order to procure
her supply of cotton, this specie must go to
tho Western cities and States, to save tho South-
cm cities and States from tho direful catas
trophe of famine. What a comment, this pain
ful fact, upon the favorite theory of establishing
non-intercourse laws between the North ana
the South, and of taxing those States which are
supposed to havo passed Personal Liberty
THIRD WARD REPUBLICANS.
Members of the Republican Association resi
dents of the-Thlrd Ward are requested to meet
at Temperance Hall on Wednesday evening, the
2d Instant, at half past seven o'clock, for the
purpose .of electing two additional, members to
the Executive Committee.
Jan 1 2t .JOB W. ANGUS.
FIRST WARD REPUBLICANS.
A regular weekly meetiog of the First Ward
Republican Association will be held at 'their
rooms on Seventeenth street, between F and O
streets, on Wednesday evening, January 2d, at
seven o'clock. All persons who are opposed to
the present Administration are cordially Invited
to be present. JAMES KELLY; President.
TnOMAS O. ROBERTSON, Secretary.
SEVENTH WARD REPUBLICANS.
The citizens of the Seventh Ward belonging
to the National Republican Association are re
quested to attend a meeting at my home, corner
of Sixth and E streets, on Tuesday evening, 1st
January, 1861. By order of the Executive Com
mittee. WOODFORD STONE.
THERE will be a meeting of tho Club on
Thursday evening, 3d instant, at 7 o'clock,
at the Exchange Hotel, O street, between Four-and-a-half
and Sixth. Punctual attendance Is
requested, as an election of officers will then
Persons desirous of becoming memhers will
please come forward on this occasion.
By order of the President.
Jan 1 3t JAMES SWORD, Secretary.
IN a small private family, a woman to do the
general housework. Must be' a good cook,
washer, and Ironer, and bring the best of refer
ences as to character and capacity. Apply at
247 Pennsylvania avenue, above Twelfth street
Jan 1 3t
SALT-WATER TERRAPINS, Wild Ducks of
all kinds, and Game In season, for sale by
J. O. STEWART, at his stand, No. 322 Centre
Market, and residence, No. 131 Thirteen-and-a-half
street, Island, near the Long Bridge.
Jan 1 lm
Butcher and Provision Dealer,
Nos. 8 and 9, CENTRE MARKET,
ne has also a stand at the
Pork, Beef, and all other kinds of Meat, kept
constantly on hand, to which the attention or
the citizens of Washington and resident stran
gers is respectfully invited. dec 31 tf
The members of the Perseverance Fire Com
pany No. 5 have the pleasure to announce to
their many inquiring friends and the publio in
general, that their third grand annual Oollllon
Party will take place at Franklin Hall, corner of
Ninth and D streets, on Tuesday, the 8th of Jan
uary, 1881. Particulars in future advertisement. '
By order of the Executive Committee.
deo 24 MT&S
For Holiday Presents at the Proper
SILK ROBES IN ALL COMBINATIONS
Rich Dress Silks do.
Medium Dress Silks do.
Low.priced Dress Silks do.
VELVET CLOAKS, MODERN STYLES.
Cloth Cloaks do.
jggyThe whole of the above reduced In prices
to meet the wants of persons with small purses.
Our stock of all the leading DRY GOODS
STAPLES for every day wants was never so
large and cheap.
One price only, marked in plain figures.
Carpets, Curtains, Oil Cloths, Rugs, Ice., upper
Comforts, House Linens, Blankets, &c, base
ment and the " vaults."
Strangers and sojourners are Informed that
ours is much the largest and most comprehen
sive stock in this market, and at prices as least
as favorable to, their interests.
PERRY & BROTHER,
Penn. avenue and Ninth St.,
dec 19 lOdlf " Perry Building."
SPALDING'S . SPALDING'S
Only 15 cents per bottle, at BONTZ & GRIF
FITH'S, No. 360 Seventh street, between I and
Warranted the Genuine Spalding Glue.
dec 15 eod lm
Ifo. 348 Pennsylvania avenue, between Sixth and
Seventh streets, Washington, D. C,
MANUFACTURER OF GENTLEMEN'S
FASHIONABLE BOOTS & SHOES,
HAS at all times a sufficient force of the most
experienced bands to make promptly to or
der every variety of work in bis line, lie has on
his Bhelves a very good supply of work of his own
make. Also, a general supply of Northern work,
direct from the Manufacturers, as well as from
Auction, and assures the public that no house
in this or any other city can supply, WHOLE
SALE or RETAIL, at lower rates. nov 26
Mr. II. O. Reaver is our authorized agent for
Georgetown. Subscriptions and advertisements
for this paper can be left at Barnard's Drug
Store, corner of Bridge and High streets.
"Now If l ihoie insuri who ne'er Insured before,
Aii'l lhoe who hare, lei lhem Insure tho more."
The Potomao Fire Insurance Company
of Georgetown, D. 67.,
CIIAKTKRBD II Y OONO RKB8, 1601.
STOCKHOLDERS PERSONALLY RESPONSIBLE!
THE Stockholders and Directors embrace many
of the most wealthy and respectable citizens
of this District.
JOHN MARBURV, President.
HENRY KING, Secretary.
AMOS HUNT, Travelling Agent.
Office and residence No. 51 North A street,
Capitol Hill. Box 454, City Post Tfflce. Orders
attended to immediately. Losses paid promptly.
Cure for home, and home will care for us.