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' I. n SB - I
THE NATIONAL REPUBLICAN
, is published '.' '
(STJNDATB i IXCIWID,) !
On Seventh itreet, neat Sf opposite1 the General
Post Office, "by
LEWI8 CLEP'HANE k CO.
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ble to the carrier.
To mall subscribers, three dollar! and fifty
centi per annum, payablo In advance.
One square, three days........,,..; $1.00
One square, four day ...;.. 125
One square fire days ( " 1.B0
X3ne square, six days......r. ,';sn..'STf..f. l.M"?
One square, lv.otks.,.,.......,...., J.M
One.square; three weeks...i....v.'.... JiuXlX A0
One square, one month .........., 4 00 -
One square, three months'. , .'10.00 "
Oce square,' six' months'. i.i.,. 1...16 00
One square, one year,.. ..............30.00 ;
Every other, day and ; once a week advertise
ments, fifty per cent 'advance on the above.
Inserted as resdj'ng matter, tin cent! a'llneC
Church and other notices,' Wnd 'wants, twenty,
five cents for each Insertion. ' )
Ten lines or less constitute sqdare. '-
WASHINGTON, D. C, FRIDAY, JANUARY 11, 1861.
PRICE ONE .CENT.
Written on hearing that Major Anderson had,
with the courage and military ski 1 of a tried
soldier, secured a position at Fort Sumter,
which would enable hlm-to bid defiance to the
traltora who march under the banner of the
" Palmetto Hobocracy."
. BT BIT. O. DODOUS BR,WnTOH.
" If Anderson Is killed at Fort Moultrie, then
the life-blood of every Kentuckian will not be
enough to wash out the stain and disgrace of
seeing eur brother die unaided before our face."
Louisville (Kv. Demeeral.
May Ood blesi the soldier, undaunted and true,
Who stood like a man by the red, white, and blue ;
And wither the hand of the cowardly stare
Who dares to defame, or would wish to degrade.
May Ood blesi the hero, too gallant to boast,
Who did what he could in defence of his post ;
In spite of the trembler, who left bim to fall,
Or strike to the traitor the Bag on hli wall.
May Ood bless Ihe patriot, determined and pure,
Whose name In the future shall proudly endure,
With those who were true to their oath aud
Whom gold could not tarnish nor foul treason
A star of the South, to the Union still true,
Kentucky shall stand by the red, white, and blue ;
And give her best blood to erase the foul stain,
Should Anderson fall In defence of our fame.
Tort Jervis, N. Y., Jan. 3, 1801.
One of the Madrid journals rays that in
formation had been received that 30,000 tracts,
and other works defending Protestant doc
trines, had been printed at London, in the Span
ish language, and that sixty smugglers had
undertaken to introduce them into Spain.
A new Protestant church is in course of
construction in Paris. When this is completed,
Paris will be able to boast of no less than
twenty Protestant churches and one hundred
and lour Protestant clergymen. The number
of children regularly attending Protestant
Sunday schools in Paris is 2,600.
While a wake over her husband was being
held at Cincinnati on New Year's Eve, time
passed heavily with a Mrs. McLaughlin, so
she proposed a game of cards. Overjoyed at
having the queen of trumps, she forgot her
widowhood, and, jumping up, upset the fluid
lamp, and was dreadfully burned.
A. recent letter from Japan says that the
American -missionaries are longing for news
from home. Rev. W. Baglcy, the Methodist
missionary, has returned to Hanawaga trom an
extended visit to China. The Japanese offi
cials display much jealousy towards the mis
sionaries, who hope that the arrival of the
Embassy in the Niagara will produce a great
amelioration of the petty annoyances to which
tbey are now subject.
An oil borer took a lighted candle to a new
ly tapped well at Franklin, O., on Thursday
night) a strong flow of gas exploded, blew np
the shanty, smashed the derrick, and badly
scorched the man.
Tne Nebraska Legislature. The Nebras
ka House of Representatives, on the 1st inst.,
on motion of General Downs, passed the follow
Baolvtd, That the Nebraska Legislature
sends greeting and thanks to Major Anderson,
of Fort Sumter, for his gallant conduct, aud
wishes him and his a happy new year.
Two babes in the wood were recently rescued
from death near San Francisco. Ihey had
sallied out " to see father at work," and lost
their way, when, tired out, they lay down under
a bush, and were discovered fast asleep, cud
dled up in each others' arms.
At Augusta, Georgia, on the 27th nit., a
French jeweller, named Louis A. Deville, cut
his throat from ear to ear, after having stabbed
himself five times in the breast, ilia wife
lives at llrooklyn, and her long silence is
thought to have affected his reason.
The Newburyport school committee havn
tmssed a resolution exDressinir their disannro-
bation of the custom of the various schools of
making presents to their respective teachers,
as one tending to tho disadvantage or chagrin
of many of tho scholars.
. Ten young ladies bought a barrel of flour,
drew it on a hand sled, and rolled it into the
house, joining a donationxirty which present
ed Rev. Mr. Fay, Baptist minister, liekher
town. Mass.. with $10 in money and goods. Af
ter the presentation, the pastor married two
couples of the party.
The Jews in Philadelphia are about erect
ing a magnificent building for a Hebrew
Orphan Asylum, at an expense of from
(75,000 to $100,000. The lot has been secured,
and the work will be commenced forthwith.
The American residents at Honolulu had a
mock election on the Glh of November, with
the following result : Lincoln 131, 'Douglas 110,
Breckinridge 33, Bell 13, Brigham Young 7.
The newsboys of St. Louis got up a bogus
report last week, that Jeff. Davis, of Mississip
pi, was killed in a duel by Senator Johnson, ot
Tennessee. They sold their papers very quickly.
By the ancient law of Hungary, a man con
victed of bigamy was condemned to live with
both wives in the same house ; the crimoWas,
in consequence, extremely raro.
The societv for tho protection of animals at
Lyons has offered a gold medal of the valuo of
JOU franca lor the way best aaaptcu to leucu
children to treat animals Kinuiy.
Miss Sarah Johnson is in custody at Detroit,
charged with stealing $5 from one lover, to pay
tho minister for marrying her to another.
The whole number of post oQlces in the Uni
ted States is 28,4980. decrease from 1859 of
Organization of the Departments.
The whole machinery employed to conduct the
business arising out of ur foreign relations with
all the Powers of the world Is far more simple
than Is generally conceived. The number em
ployed la the Department'of Slate of the United
States is only twenty-eight, as follows : One Sec
retary of State, (Bon. Lewis Cass,) one Assistant
Secretary of State, (Hon. John Appleton,! one
Chief Clerk, one Superintendent of Statistics,
twenty-two Clerks, one Translator, and one Li
brarian. Diplomatic Branch. This branch of tbe State
Department has charge of all correspondence
between the Deputment and other diplomatic
agents of the Unite States abroad, and those of
foreign 'Powers accredited to thii Government.
In It-all diplomatic Instructions sent from the
Department, and communications to commission
ers nnder treaties of boundaries, 4c, are pre
pared, copied, and recorded ; and all of like char
acter received are registered and filed, their con
tents being first entered in an analytic table or
Consular Branch. This branch has charge of
tne correspondence, c, between tne Department
and the con-uls and commercial agents of the
United States. Init Instructions to t&ose officers,
and answers to their dispatches and to letters
rom other persons asking for consular agency,
or relating to consular affairs, are prepared and
The Disbursing Agent. lie has charge of all
correspondence and other matters connected with
accounts relating to any fund with tbe disburse
ment of which the Department Is charged.
The Tramlator. Ills duties are to furnish such
translations as the Department may require. lie
also records the commissions of consuls and vice
consuls, when not in Kngllsb, upon which exe
quaturs are issued.
Clerk of Appointment! and Ccmmiiliom. Us
makes out and records commissions, letters of
appointment, and nominations to tbe Senate;
makes out and records exequaturs, and records,
when in English, the commltsloi s on which they
are Issued. lias charge of tbe library.
Clerk of the Roll! and Archives He takes charge
of tho rolls, or enrolled acts and resolutions of
Congress, as tbey are received at tho Department
from the President; prepares the authentica'ed
copies thereof which are called for; prepares for,
and superintends their publication, and that of
treaties, in the newspapers and in book form ;
attends to their distribution throughout the
United States, and that of all documents and pub
lications In regard to which this duty is assigned
to the Lepartment; writing and answering all
letters connected therewith. Has cbarge of all
Indian treaties, and business relating thereto.
Clerk of Territorial Biuineit The Seal of the
Department, ftc. lie has charge of the seals of
tne United Stales and or tne Department, ana
prepares and attaches certificates to papers pre
sented for authentication ; bas charge of the Ter
ritorial business; Immigration and registered sea
men ; records all letters from the Department,
other than tbe diplomatic and consular.
O erk of Fordone and Passports He prepares
and records pardons and remissions ; and regis
ters and files the petitions and papers on wblch
they are founded. Makes out and records pass
ports ; keeps a dally register of all letters, other
than diplomatic and consular, received, and of
the disposition made of them ; prepares letters
relating to this business. ,
Superintendent of Statistic!. lit superintends
the prcparatirn of the "Annual Report of the
Secretary of State and foreign Commerce," as
required by the acts of 1812 and 1850.
ATTORNEY GENERAL'S OFFICE.
Hon. Jeremiah S. Black, Attorney General of
the United States ; A. B. McCalmont, Esq , Assist
ant. The ordinary business of this offlco may be
classified under tbe following heads:
1. Official opinions on tbe current business of
tbe Government, as called for by the President,
by any bead of Department, or by the Solicitor
of the Treasury.
2. Examination of the titles of all land pur
chased, as tbe sites of arsenals, custom-bouses,
light-houses, and all other public works of the
3. Applications for pardons in all cases of con
viction in the courts of the United States.
4. Applications for appointment in all the ju
dicial and legal business of the Government.
D. The conduct and argument of all suits in
the Supreme Court of tbe United States In which
the Government Is concerned.
6 Tbe supervision of all othersults arising in
any of tbe Departments, when referred by the
head thereof to the Attorney General.
To these ordinary heads of the business of the
office is added at the present time the direction
of all appeals on land claims in California.
Secretary of the Department of tbe Interior,
Hon Jacob Thompson, of tbe State of Missis
si pl. Its clerical force consists of one Chief
Clerk, (Moses Kelly,Esq ,) two Disbursing Clerks,
and ten other regular Clerks ; and to Its super
vision and management are committed the fol
lowing branches of the publlo service:
1 t. The Public Landi. Tbe chief of this bu
reau Is called the Commissioner of tbe General
Land Office. Tbe Land Uurrou is charged with
the survey, management, and sale of the public
domain, and tbe issuing of titles theref Jr, whether
derived from confirmations of crants made by
former Governments, by sales, donations, of
gran's tor schools, military Dounues, or puouc
Improvements, and likewise the revision of Vir
ginia military bounty-land claims, and tbe Issu
ing of scrip In I'eu thereof. The Land Office,
also, audits Its own accounts. The present Com
missioner is Joseph S. Wilson. Its principal
officers are a Recorder, Chief Clerk, who also
acts as Commissioner ad interim, Principal Clerk
of Surreys, besides a Draughtsman, Assistant
Dra ightsman, and some 150 Clerks of various
2d. Pension! The present head of this bureau
is George O. Wblttng, of Virginia. Tbe Com
missioner is charged w th the eiamloat on and
adjudication of all claims arising unuer tne va
rious and numerous laws passed by Congress
granting bounty land or pensions for the mili
tary or naval services In the revolutionary and
i ubsequent wars In which the United States have
been engaged. He bas oue Chief Clerk, (John
Robb, Esq ,) and a permanent corps, conslstlrg
of some seventy other Clerks.
3d. Indians. Commissioner of Indian Affairs,
A. B. Greenwood, of Arkansas. He Is provided
with a Chief O.erk, and about fifteen other sub
4th. Patent Office. Hon. Philip F. Thomas, of
Maryland, Commissioner of Patents. To this
bureau Is committed the execution and perform
ance of all " ajts and things touching and re
specting the granting and Issuing of patents for
new and useful discoveries, inventions, and im
provements p the collection of statistics rela
ilrg to agriculture; tho collection and distribu
tion of seeds, plants, and cuttings. It has a
Ohl f Clerk who Is by law the acting Commis
sioner of Patents In the absence of the Commis
sioner twelve pr.nclpal end twelve assistant
Examiners of Patents, some doten subordinate
permanent Clerks, besides a consid rable num
ber of temporary employees. Samuel T. Shu
gert, Esq., Chief Clerk.
An act passed at the last session of Congress
provided that all books, maps, charts, and other
publications, heretofore deposited In the De
partment Of Btate, according to the laws regula
ting copyrights, should be removed to the De
partment of the Interior, which is charged with
all the duties connected with matter! pertaining;
to copyright; wblch dutlei have been assigned
by the Secretary of the Interior to the Patent Of
fice, as belonging most appropriately to this
branch of the ssrvice.
Besid-s these four principal branches of tbti
new Executive Department, the organic act of
1849 transferred to it from the Treasury Depart
ment the supervision of the accounts of the Uni
ted States Marshals and Attorneys, and the
Clerks of the United States Courts, the manage
ment of the lead and other mines of tbe United
States, aid the affairs of the penitentiary of the
United States in the District of Columbia; and
from the State Department the duty of taking
and returning tbe censuses of the Unl ed States,
and of supervising and directing the acts of the
Commissioner of Public Buildings. The Hospi
tal for tbe Insane of tbe army and navy and of
the District of Columbia is also nnder the man
agement of this Department; in addition to
which, by laws recently passed, the Secretary of
the Interior is charged wfth the construction of
the three wagon roads leading to the Pacific
Under act of February 5, 1859, " providing for
keeping and distributing all publlo documents,
all the books, documents, Ac, printed or pur
chased by the Government," the Annals of Con
gress, American State Papers, American Ar
chives, Jefferson's nnd Adams's Works, are
transferred to this Department from the etite
Department, Library of Congress, and elsewhere ;
also, the Journals and Documents of the Thirty
fifth Congress. These valuable works are dis
tributed to those who are by law entitled to re
ceive them, and to such " colleges, public llbri
rles, athenaeums, literary and scientific institu
tions, boards of trade, or public associations,"
as shall be designated by the members of Con
gress. The Department requires an additional build
ing for its accommodation, and the erection of
one has been repeatedly recommended during
tbe last few years for that purpose. At present,
the Pension Office Is provided with rooms in what
is known as " Wiodcr's Building," while tbe
other branches if tho Department, including the
Secretary's office, are ail crowded into the Patent
Office building, fie wtole of which will he re
quired at an early day for the use of tho Patenj
uuico, lor wnicn n was originally lnienaea.
The Treasury Department consists of the Offi
ces of the Secretary of the Treasury, two Comp
trollers, Commissioner of the Customs, six Au
ditors, Treasurer, Register, Solicitor, Light-house
Board, and Coast Survey.
The following is a brief indication of tbe duties
of these several offices, and of tbe force employed
therein, respectively :
Secretary's Office non. Howell Cobb, Secre
tary of tbe Treasury; Hon. Philip Clayton, Assist
ant Secretary; one Engineer In Charge; one
Architect, and three Draughtsmen temporarily
employed, and twenty-three Clerks. The Secre
tary ol tbe Treasury is charged with the general
supervision of tbe fiscal transactions of the Gov
ernment, and of the execution of the laws con
cerning the commerce and navigation of the
United States. He superintends tbe surtey of
the coast, the l'ght-house establishment, tho ma
rine hospitals of tbe United States, aud the con
struction of certain public buildings for custom
houses and other purposes.
First' Comptroller'! Office. Hon. William Me
dllt, Comptroller, and fifteen Clerks. Ho pre
scribes tbe mode of keeping and rendering ac
counts for tbe civil and diplomatic service, as
well as the public lands, and revises and certifies
tbe balances arising thereon.
Second Comptrelltr'i Offce J. M. Cults, Esq.,
Comptroller, and seventeen Clerks He prescribes
the mode of keeping and rendering the accounts
of the Army, Navy, and Indian departments of
the public service, and revises and certifies tho
balances arising thereon.
Office of C mmiisioner of Customs. Samuel
Ingham, Esq., Commissioner, and eleven Clerks,
lie prescribes tbe mode of keeping and rendering
the accounts of the customs, revenue, and dis
bursements, and for the building and repairing
custom-houses, &c, and revises and certifies the
balances arising thereon.
First Auditor's Office. Thomas L. Smith, Esq.,
First Auditor, and nineteen Clerks. He receives
and adjusts the accounts of the customs revenue
and disbursements, appropriations and expend
itures on account of the civil list, and under
private acts of Congress, and reports the balances
to tbe Commissioner of the Customs and the
First Comptroller, respectively, for their decision
Second Auditor's Office. Thow J. D. Fuller,
Second Auditor, and twenty-one Clerks. He re
ceives nnd adjusts all accounts relating to tbe
pay, clothing, and recruiting of the army, as well
as armories, arsenals, and ordnance, nnd all ac
counts relating to the Indian department, and
reports tbe balances to the Second Comptroller,
for his decision thereon.
Third Auditor's Office. Robert J. Atkinson,
Esq., Third Auditor, and soventy-elght Clerks.
He receives and adjusts all accounts tor subsist
ence of the army, fortifications, Military Acad
emy, military roads, and the Quartermaster's de
partment, as well as for pensions, claims arising
from military services previous to 1816, and for
ho sea and other property lost In tho military
service, under various acts of Congress, and re
ports the balances totho Second Comptroller, for
uls decision tnereon.
Fourth Auditor's Offce. A. J. O'Bannon, Esq ,
Fourth Auditor, and sixteen Clerks. He receives
and adjusts all accounts for the service of the
Navy Department, and reports tho balames to
the Second Comptroller, for his decision thereon.
Fifth Auditor'! Offce. Bartholomew Fuller,
Esq., Fifth Auditor, and six Clerks. He re
ceives and adjusts all accounts for diplomatic
and similar services performed under the direc
tion of the State Department, and reports the
balances to the First Comptroller, for his decision
Sixth Auditor'! Offce. Vr. Thomas M. Tate,
Auditor ot the Treasury for tho Post Office De
partment, and one hundred and fourteen Clerks.
Ho receives and adjusts nil accounts arising from
the service of the Post Offico Department. Ills
decisions are final, unless an appeal be taken In
twelve months to the First Comptroller. He
superintends the collection of all debts due the
Post Office Department, and all penalties and
forfeitures imposed on postmasters and mail con
tractors for falling to do their duty ; he directs
suits and legal proceedings, civil and criminal,
nnd takes all such measures as may be author
ised by law to enforce tbe prompt payment of
monrys due to the Department; instructing Uni
ted States altornejs, marshals, andcleks, on all
matters relating thereto; and receives returns
.from each term of the United States courts, of tbe
condition and' progress of such suits and legal
proceedings; has charge of all lands and other
property assigned to the United Slates in pay
ment of debts due the Post Office Department,
and bos power to sell and dispose of the same
forlbe benefit of the United States.
Treasurer1! Offce. Samuel Case Esq., Treas
urer, and thirteen Clerks. He receives and keeps
the moneys of tbe United Stales In his own
office, and that of the depositories created by the
act of the Cth of August, 1840, and pays out the
same npon warrants drawn by the Secretary of
the Treasury, countersigned by tho First Comp
troller, and upon warrants drawn by the Post
master General, and countersigned by the Sixth
Auditor, and recorded by the Register. He also
holds public moneys advanced by warrant to
disbursing officers, and pays out the same upon
Register1! Office. Finley Bigger, Esq., Register,
and twenty-nine Clerks. He keeps the accounts
of public receipts and expenditures; receives
tbe returns and makes out the official statement
of commerce and navigation of the United States ;
and receives from the First Comptroller and
Commissioner of Customs all accounts and
vouchers decided by them, and is charged by
law with their safe keeping.
Solicitor's Offce. Hon. Junius nillyer, Solicitor,
and six Clerks. He superintends nil civil suits
commenced by the United States, except those
arising in Ihe Post Offce Department,) and Instructs
the United States attorneys, marshals, and
clerks, In nil matters relating to them and their
results. He receives returns from each term of
the United States courts, showing the progress
and condition of snch suits ; has charge ot all
lands and other property assigned to the United
States In payment of debts, (except those assigned
inpayment of debt! due the Poit Office Department,)
and has power to sell and dispose of the same
for the benefit of the United States.
Liyht-IIouse Board. Hon. Howell Cobb, Sec
retary of the Treasury, ez-offcio President ; Com.
W. B. Shubrick, United States Navy, Chairman ;
Commander E. O. Tilton, United States Navy;
Major A. If. Bowman, Corps of Engineers, Uni
ted States Army ; Oapt. A. A. Humphreys, Corps
Topographical Engineers, United. States Army;
Prof. Joseph Henry, Secretary of the Smith
sonian Institution ; Prof. A. D. Bache, Super
intendent of the Coast Survey ; Commander Ra
phael Semmes, United States Navy, and Captain
W. F. Smith, Corps Topographical Engineers,
United States Army, members, the last two being
also Secretaries ; and fire Clerks. Thli board
ditecU the. building and .repairing of light
houses, light-vessels, beacons, and buoys, con
tracts for supplies, and governs the personnel of
United State! Coast Survey. Professor A. D.
Bache, LL. D., Superintendent, and Superintend
ent of Weights and Measures.
Capt. William R. Palmer, Corps Topographical
Engineers, United States Army, in charge of the
Coast Surrey Office; Lieut. A. P. Hill, United
states Army, Assistant.
Assistant W. P. Trowbridge, computer of
Assistant Chas. A. Schott, In charge of com
Assistant L. F. Pourtales, in charge of tidal
Lieut. Thomas Wilson, United States Army,
In charge of drawing division.
Mr. Edward Wharton, acting in charge of en
Lieut. John R. Smead, United States Army, in
charge of miscellaneous divisions.
Samuel Ueln, Disbursing Agent.
George Mathlot, Electrotyplst.
Joseph Saxton, Assistant to Superintendent of
Weights and Measures.
POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT.
Hon. Joseph Holt, Postmaster General. The
direction and management of the Post Office De
partment are assigned by tbe Constitution and
laws to tbe Postmaster General. That Its busi
ness may be the more conveniently arranged and
prepared for his final action, It Is distributed
among several bureaus, as follows : The Ap
pointment Office, in charge of tbe First Assistant
Postmaster General; tbe Contract Office, in
charge of the Second Assistant Postmaster Gen
eral ; the Finance Office, in charge of the Third
Assistant Postmaster General; and tbe Inspec
tion (Mice, In charge of the Chief Clerk.
Appointment Office. Horatio King, Esq , First
Assistant Postmaster General, and nineteen
Clerks. To this office are assigned all questions
which relate to tbe establishment and discon
tinuance of post offices, changes of sites nnd
names, appointment and removal of postmasters
and mute and local agents, as also the giving
of instructions to postmasters. Postmasters are
furnished with marking and rating stamps and
letter balances by this bureau, which is charged
also with providing blanks and stationery for
tbe use of the Department, and with tbe superin
tendence of the several agencies established for
supplying postmasters with blanks. To this
bureau is likewise assigned tbe supervision of
the ocean mall steamship lines, and of the foreign
and International postal arrangements.
Contract Office. William II. Dundas, Esq ,
Second Assistant Postmaster General, nnd twenty-six
clerks. To this office Is assigned the
business of arranging the mall service of tho
United States, and placing the same under con
tract, embracing all correspondence nnd proceed
ings respecting the frequency of trips, mode of
couvejance, and times of departures and arri
vals on all the routes ; the tourse of the mall
between the different sections of the country,
the points of mall distribution, and the regula
tions for the government of tho domestic mall
service of tbe United States. It prepares tbe
advertisements for mail proposals, receives the
bids, and takes charge of tho annual and occa
sional mail lcttlngs, nnd tho adjustment and exe
cution of tbe contracts. All applications for
tbe establishment or alteration of mall arrange
ments, and the appointment of Mall Messengers,
should be sent to this office. All claims should
be submitted to it for transportation service not
under contract, as the recognition of said service
Is first to be obtained through the Contract
Office, as a necessary authority for tbe proper
credits at tbe Auditor's Office. . From this office
all postmasters at the ends of routes recelte the
statement of mail arrangements prescribed for
the respective routes. It reports weekly to the
Auditor all contracts execntcd, and all orders
affecting accounts for mall transportation J pre
pares tho statistical exhibits of the mall service,
and the reports of the mall letllrgs, giving a
statement of each bid ; also, of the contracts
made, the new servlco originated, the curtail
ments ordered, and tho additional allowances
granted within the year.
Finance Office. A. N. Zevely, Esq., Third As
slslant Postmaster General, and twenty-one
clerks. To this office are assigned the supervis
ion and management of the financial business
of the Department, not devolved by law upon
the Auditor, embracing accounts with tbe draft
offices and other depositaries of the Department,
the issuing of warrants and drafts In payment
of balances reported by tbe Auditor to be due to
mall contractors and other persons, tbe supervis
ion of the accounts pf offices, nnder orders to
deposit their quarterly balances at deslgna'ed
Eolnts, and tbe Superintendence of the rendition
y postmasters of their quarterly returns of
postages. It has charge of tbe Dead-Letter
Office, of the Issuing of postage stamps and
stamped envelopes for the pre-payment of post
age, and of the accounts connected therewith.
To the Third Assistant Postmaster General all
postmasters should direct their quarterly returns
of postage ; those at draft offices, their letters
reporting quarterly the net proceeds of their
offices; and those at depositing offices, their cer
tificates of deposit ; to bim should, also be di
rected the weekly and monthly returns of the
depositaries of the Department, as well as all
applications and receipts for postage stamps and
stamped envelopes, and for dead letters.
Inspection Offce. 3enj. N. Cements, Eq.,
Chler Clerk, and seventeen clerks. To this offlco .
is assigned the duty of receiving and examining
the registers of tbe arrivals and departures of
the mails, certificates of tbe servke of route
agents, and reports of mall failures ; of noting
the delinquencies of contractors, and preparing
cases therebn for the action of the Postmaster
General; furnishing blinks for mail registers,
and reports of mail failures; proWdlug and
sending out mall bags an I mail locks and keys,
and doing all other ibtngs which may be neces
sary to sfcure a faithful and exact performance
of all mall contracts.
All cases of mall depredation, of violation of
law by private expresses, or by tbe forging or
Illegal use of postage stam s, are under the su
pervision of this office, and should be reported
All communications respecting lost money,
lettets, mall depredations, or other violations ef
law, or mail locks and keys, should be directed,
"Chief Clerk, Post Office Department."
All registers of the arrivals and departures of
the malls, certificates of the service of route
agents, re,' oris of mail failures, applications for
blank registers, and reports of failures, and all
complaints against contractors for Irregular or
Imperfect service, should be directed, " Inspection
Office, Post Office Department."
The Navy Department consists of the Navy
Department proper, being the office of the Sec
retary and of five bureaus attached thereto, vis :
Bureau of Navy Yards and Docks, Bureau of
Construction, Equipment, and Repair, Bureau of
Provisions and Clothing, Bureau of Ordnance
and Hydrography, and tbe Bureau of Medicine
Tbe following Is a statement of the duties of
each of these offices, and of the force employed
Secretary'! Offce Hon. Isaac Touccy, Secre
tary of the Navy; Charles W. Welsh, Esq.,
Chief Clerk, and eleven Clerks. The Secretary
of the Navy has charge of everything connected
with the naval e'tibllshment, and the execution
of all laws relating thereto is intrusted to him,
undrr tbe general direction of tbe President of
the United States, who, by the Constitution, Is
Commander-in-chief of the Army and Navy.
All instructions to commanders of squadrons
ami nnmmonilaFa nl vnsontf nil rrAnta rt nflixAra
commissions of officers both in the navy and
marine corps, appointments of comml'sion d
and warrant officers, orders for the enlistment
and discharge of seamen, emanate from the Sec
retary's Offise. All the duties of the different
bureaus are perform-d under tbe authority of
the Secretary, and their orders are considered
as emanating from bim. Tbe general superin
tendence ot tbe marine corps formt also a part
of the duties of tbe Secretary, and all the orders
of the commandant of that corps should be ap
proved by him."
Bureau of Kavy Yards and Dock!. Commo
dore Joseph Smith, Chief of tbe Bureau, four
Clerks, one Civil Engineer, and one Draughtsman.
All the navy yards, docks, and wharves, build
ings and machinery in navy yards, and every
thing immediately connected with them, are
under the superintendence of this bureau. It is
also charged with the management of the Naval
Bureau of Construction, Bquipment, and Re
pair. John Lentball, Esq., Chief of the Bureau,
eight Clerks, and one Draughtsman. The office
of tbe Englneer-In-cbief ot tho Navy, Samuel
Arcbbold, Esq , is attached to this bureau, who
Is assisted by three assistant engineers. This
bureau has charge of the building and repairs of
all vessels of war, purchase of materials, and the
providing of all vessels with their equipments,
as sails, anchors, water tanks, ko. The Engl-neer-ln-chlef
superintends the construction of
all marine steam engines for the nary, and, with
the approval of tbe Secretary, decides upon plans
for their construction.
Bureau of Provisions and Clothing. H. Bridge,
Purser United States Navy, Chief of Bureau, and
four Clrks. All provisions for the ubo of the
navy, and clothing, together with tbe making of
contracts for furnishing the same, como under
tbe charge of this bureau.
Bureau of Ordnance and Uydrography.-Ce.fi.
Duncan Ingrabam, Chief of Bureau, tour Clerks,
and one Draughtsman. This bureau bas charge
of all ordnance and ordnance stores, the manu
facture or purchase of cannon, guns, powder,
shot, shells, lie, and the equipment of vessels
of war, with everything connected therewith. It
also provides them with maps, charts, chronom
eters, barometers, &c, together with such books
as are furnished ships of war. "The United
States Naval Observatory and Hydrograplilcal
Olhce" at Washington, and the Naval Academy
at Annapolis, are also under the general super
intendence of the Chief of this Bureau.
Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. Dr. William
Whelan, Surgeon United States Nary, Chief of
Bureau; one Passed Assistant Surgeon United
States Navy, and two Clerks. Everything rela
ting to medicines and medical stores, treatment
of sick and wounded, and management of hos
pitals, comes within the superintendence of this
Hon. J. B. Floyd, Secretary of War, W. R.
Drlnkard, Chief Clerk, seven Clerks, two Mes-
sengers, and one Laborer. The following bu
reaus are attached to this Department.
Commanding Generate Office This office, at
the head of which is Lieutenant General Scott," '
is nt New York.
Adjutant General 'i -Offce. Col. Samuel Coop
er, Adjutant Genernl. Assistants Major K. 5. '
Townsend, Major W. A. Nichols, Capt. 8. Wll- "
Hams, and dipt. J. P. Gnrescbe; Judge Advo
cate, Major John F. Lee ; ten Clerks and one
Messenger. In this office are kept all the records
which refer to the personnel of tbe army, the
rolls, Ac. It Is here that alt military commis
sions are made out.
t - j
Quartermaster Generate Office. Brevet Major
General T. S. Jesup, Quartermaster, General.
Assistants Msjor E. S. Sibley, Brevet. Major, n.
O. Wayne, and Brevet Major J. Belger; eleven
Clerks and one Messenger. "
Paymaster Generals Offct. Col. B. P. Larned,
Paymaster; General, LlfcoL Col. T. P. Andrews,
District Paymaster; seven Clerks and one Mes
senger. Commissary GeneraFi Offce. General George
Gibson; Commissary General; Assistant, Capt.
A. E. Shiras ; six Clerks and one Messenger.
Surgeon Generate Office. Gen. Thomas Law
son, Surgeon General ; Assistant, Dr. R. O.Wood ;
three Clerks and one Messenger.
Engineer Office. Gen. Joseph G. Totten, Chief
Engineer; Assistant, Captain II. G. Wright; five
Clerks aud one Messenger.
Topographical Bureau Col. J. J. AbertColo
nel of the Corps ; Assistant, Capt. I. C. Wood
ruff; five Clerks and one Messenger.
Ordnance Bureau. Col. II. K. Craig, Colonel
of Ordnance ; Assistant, Capt. William Mayna
dler ; eight Clerks and one Messenger.
490 Seventh ttreet,
VOU can find a complete assortment of House
keeping Hardware, Cutlery, Silver-plated
Ware, Britannia, Block Tin, and Japanned Ware,
Door Mats, Table Mats, Feather Dusters. Clocks,
and all the useful articles for Housekeeping,
together with Ladles' Satchels, Card Caiei,
Purses, Fans, Combs, Brushes, Baskets, Ac,
4c, all selected with great care, bought for
cash, and will be sold at the very lowest prices
Purchasers will do well to remember
Honse-Fnrnlihlng Store, No. 490 Seventh street,
"LINCOLN STOMACH BITTEES."
ONLY sold at the store of W. Gerecke, on
Pennsylvania avenue, between Four-and-a-half
and Sixth streets. Also, a great supply just
imported of 8witx and Llnburg Cbeese, Bar
delles, Sardines, Holt. Herrings, 4c, for sale,
nov 30 W. GERECKE.
THE UNION WILL STAND, NO HATTER
WHO'S PRESIDENT I
CONSEQUENTLY, I shad remain in Wash
ington, and continue to pursue my occu
pation of HOUSE. SIGN, and ORNAMENTAL
PAINTING. Gilding In all Its branches. Old
Glazing promptly attended to. Painting and
Ornamenting Cottage Furniture in the beat
style. I also call attention to the Painting of
Roofs and Brick Walla.
All of the above, I will do as cheap as the
cheapest. I therefore solicit the patronage of
my friends and fellow citizens of the District.
Punctuality strictly observed, and work done in
the best manner.
You will please mind your stops, and stop at
M. T. PARKER'S Painting Establishment, No. 53 1
S3 1 1 63 III Louisiana avenue, north sHe, be
tween Sixth and erenth streets.
P. S. Signs put up free of charge, as usual.
Corner of Indiana avenue and &eond itreet,
Washington, D. C.
BOOKS, Pamphlets, Wood Engravings, and
Jobs of all kinds, Stereotyped to order. A
variety of Business Cuts on band, for sale, cheap
for cash. O. W. MURRAY, Stereotypy.
Practical Chronometer, Clock, and
437 Seventh street, bet. G and H,
informs his customers and the pub
lic in general, that he bas just re
ceived a fine stock of Gold Patent
and Detached Levers, Leplne, Duplex, and other
Watches; also, fine French Clocks, Jewelry,,
4c. Attends promptly to the Repairing of fine
Watches, Clocks, and Jewelry. dec 29 lm
A MAN, surveyor and draughtsman, who bas
four or five hours of spare time per day,
wishes to get an engagement In drawing maps,
charts, 4c. Apply at No. 470 Ninth street, be
tween D and E. deo 18
WANTED. A young man, twenty yean of
age, who has had considerable experience
in such matters, wishes to obtain a situation as
clerk or salesman in a store. Can furnish the
best city reference. Address G. E. R.," City
Post Office. deo 21
J. J. COOMBS, '
Attorney and Counsellor at, Law,
Willi practice in the local Court! of thii
District, and la the Supreme Court and
Court of Claims. Office at the corner of Indi
ana avenuo and Second street.
Vines, Brandies, &c.
Choice Old Madeira, Duff Gordon Sherry,
Old LD Port, Fine Table Madeira, .
Old Oarasquedo Sherry, Superior Brandies,
Fine Old India Madeira, (a yerj superior article,
not usually found in this market.)
Congress Water. For sate low by
BROWNING k KEATINO,
353 Penn. avenue, near Sixth street.
Massachusetts Clear Mess Fork
For sate low by
BROWNING 4 KEATINO,
353 Penn. avenue, near Sixth street.