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title: 'The national Republican. (Washington, D.C.) 1860-1862, April 17, 1861, Image 2',
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tSf Oar publication office is oa Seventh
street, adjoining Adamsou's Periodical Depot,
and opposite the General Poet Oflice.
Wednesday, April 17, 1861
Executive Arroixmnxw. The President
has made the following appointments:
Win. Pinkney Ewing, navy agent for Balti
J. L. Tullock, navy agent for Portsmouth,
Also, the following postmasters s
- Charles Lever, Flushing, N. Y.
Sala Bosworth, Marietta, Ohio.
D. P. Puriatou, Cold Water, Mich.
F. J. Lord, Wilmington, N. C.
C. W. Chapman, New Bedford, Mass.
J. P. Fessenden, Lewiston, Me.
Edward A. Brown, Danbury, Conn.
George W. Rogers, West Meriden, Conn.
T. J. Doskane, Stamford, Conn.
Charles Olmstead, Norwalk, Conn.
A. B. Calef, Middletowu, Conn.
James Alley, jun., Dloomington, 111.
A. W. Faxon, Sonora, Cal.
John 0". Brown, Sheboygan, Wis.
C. C. Morton, Eastport, Me.
Andrew Whiting, Nantucket, Mass.
t3f Of the ten gentlemen in Maryland, to
whom Federal appointments were given on
Monday, tour were Republicans, and six sup
porters of the Bell and Everett ticket.
US' Our attention has been called to a par
agraph in the National Intelligencer, stating
that the box sent to the Post Office here, con
taining two snakes, was directed, not to the
President, but to the Smithsonian Institution
It was directed to the President, as anybody
desiring to know, can ascertain by inquiry at
the Post Office. The Intelligencer's paragraph
is as improbable as it is incorrect. Snakes are
not sent by mail, as a matter of ordinary trans
mission for scientific purposes.
' The Montgomery dispatch of that cox
comb, George N. Sanders, to Dean Richmond,
Mayor Wood, and August Belmont, of New
York, urging Northern Democrats to " stand
by the South," is of importance as illustrating
the ideas which hao encouraged the present
Sanders promises immunity to tho Rhode
Island flag. This was upon the strength of the
recent election in that State, but was written
in ignorance of Gov. Sprague's offer of 1,000
men, to help put down the traitors. The Jeff.
Davis dynasty are undeceived, by this time, as
to the infinitesimal smallness of the aid and
comfort to be expected from the North.
S&" The N. Y. Express of Monday sayB :
" The currency of tho border States is bought
by brokers at ten per cent, discount, but tho
rate for the ' Confederate States ' is put up to
fifty per cent., which is equal to declining busi
aess in it."
The Alexandria Gazette of yesterday says
that the best offer there for Virginia bank notes
is ninety cents on the dollar. The Virginia
banks have two and a half millions of specie,
against upwards of sixteen millions of circula-
tion. If Virginia secedes, it annihilates negro
property, which is nearly all there is of availa
ble personal property in the State, and the dis
count lines of the banks become mere sched
ules of bankrupts. The State debt is forty
Two Stbjxos to ills Bow. Extra Billy
Smith is up for Congress, to serve either at
Washington or Montgomery, as Virginia may
stay in or go out of the Union. Smith means
to be in office anyhow, and to take all his
chances. Ilia providence in that particular
never fails him. The last thins he did under
the reign of Buchanan was to get a cadetship
for a son at West Point. lie was then, as he
is now, rampant for secession, but as the old
Government might possibly stand, he thought
best to fasten a son upon it. lie now announces
himself for Cowes and a market. lie is for
Congress, wherever he finds a Congress, at
Montgomery if he can, but at Washington if
be must. If a Congress can be found any
where in the wide world, Extra Billy means to
be in it.
Tuc Confederate Loa.v. It was announced
by telegraph, two or three days ago, that the
whole of the $15,000,000 loanof the " Confed
erates " had been arranged for in New Orleans.
Of course, everybody knows that not a dollar
of the loan will be taken anywhere, except
upon compulsion, and that it is nothing but a
tax upon tho rich, under the form of borrow
ing. The banks, which present tho most avail
able aggregations of money, and which cannot
keep themselves out of sight, as private capi
talists sometimes can, will be bled first and
The Charleston Mercury of Friday says:
"The board of directors of the State Bank
yesterday subscribed for $100,000 of the Con
federate States loan. Two gentlemen of the
board stated that they were instructed by a few
friends to subscribe tor $03,000, and that this
amount was now to their credit in the bank for
Baltimore. The Hun of yesterday is tamo
enough. Secession is played out in 'Maryland,
and its hitherto rampant organ finds it conve-
vlentto cower before tho aroused patriotism of
A Revenue Officek Dismissed. It will be
seen by the following order, issued by the Sec
retary of the Treasury, what all traitors to the
Government are to expect from him :
on lit 11.
March 20, 1801.
William F. Rogers, a first lieutenant in the
revenue cutter service of the United States,
having, while in temporary command of the
revenue cutler " Henry Dodge," in violation of
bis official oath and of his duty to the Govern
ment, surrendered his vessel to the State of
Texas, it is hereby directed that his name be
Stricken from the roll of said service.
By order of the President of tho United
States. S. P. Cuase,
Secretary of the Treasury.
TUE POLICY OF SURRENDER.
When Mr. Lincoln came into power, tho pol
icy of surrender, in the trcatmcut of secession,
bad been tried, and found wanting. Soothing
remedies had been applied for fivo months, and
with tho worst possiblo effect. The Union
was already destroyed) secession was waxing
Wronger and stronger from day to day, and the
Government had scarcely an existence.
That being tho proved effect of succumbing
to rebellion, it is not at all wonderful that the
secessionists, in the non-seceded States, were,
to a man, for a continuation of the same peace
policy, under which their cause was progress
ing so triumphantly. Hunter, Mason, Cling
man, and others of that stamp in Congress,
were for giving up what few forts had been
saved. Why they were so, is easy enough to
be understood. Mason, and Huuter, and Cling-
man, were acting like men ot seme, Ihey
wished to dissolve the Union, and they were
advocating a policy which they sow was dissolv
ing it. They were marching to their object by
a straight rond.
But what can be thought of tho sense, or
patriotism, of men who, with professions of de
votion to tho Union on their lips, were still
found urging a continuance of tho policy of
surrender, which tho experience of the late
Administration had already demonstrated to be
VIRGINIA AND PEACE.
If the people of Viiginia desire peace, as
they have special reasons to do, it is fortunately
in their power to assist in its restoration, quite
as much, to say the least of it, as tho people
of any State in the Union. The process is
easy, and the way is open. They have merely
to discard and repudiate the politicians, who
stimulated teccssiou at the outset, and who
have been encouraging it ever since, by exci
ting the expectation that Virginia would join
the rebellion, unless certain things were done
which everybody knew would not be done, and
if certain other things were done, which every
body knew to be inevitable.
These politicians have been threatening for
months, that Virginia would secede, uuless she
could hare the Breckinridge platform, with
some alterations for the worse, made a part of
tho Constitution of the United States. Aud
they have also threatened the same thing as
inevitable, unless the United States would
quietly give up what few forts were left to them
in the seceded region, in the general wreck
brought on by the treachery of Mr. Buchanan,
or il, in any way, the national authority should
be asserted against the traitors, thieves, and
robbers, who have usurped a temporary author
ity ou the Gulf. It is these threats of politicians
in Virginia, a portion of them traitors per se,
and another portion of them, well enough af
fected, but destitute equally of sense and cour
age, which have kept alive the existing dis
tractions to this time.
The people of Virginia are not responsible,
as yet, for the language and conduct of the
politicians to whom wo refer. They have de
clared for the Union, so far as they have had
the opportunity to declare at all, and as we
fully believe, they are for it to-day, puro and
simple, without any conditions, and iu all im
aginable contingencies. And they can restore
peace and prosperity, by so manifesting their
attachment to the Union, as to put an end to
the false hopes of their ultimate cooperation
in the rebellion, which, moro than anything else,
have kept the rebellion alive.
The vacillating policy of the men who have
assumed to speak for Virginia during the pres
ent crisis, has inflicted a wound upon the repu
tation of that State, which her intelligent citi
zens cannot but earnestly desire to heal.
To illustrate what is thought and said in the
border slave States, of the recent course of
Virginia, that is of the politicians, not the peo
ple, of Virginia, the Baltimore American pub
lishes the following, being part of a letter writ
ten on the 0th of April, by "a distinguished
gentleman of Kentucky:"
" If Kentucky and Tennessee, with their
compact and central situation, and their two
millions of white population, stand fast, as I
think they will, then the three free States, Illi
nois, Indiana, aud Ohio, and the seven slave
States, Virginia, North Carolina, Georgia, Ala
bama, Mississippi, Arkansas, and Missouri,
that surround and border on the two States of
Kentucky uud Tennessee, must iu some de
gree accommodate their policy to the deter
mined action of those two powerful, centr.il,
and combined States, which, unitedly, are
stronger than the seven seceded States.
" At present the great necessity is, that the
public mind should emancipate itself from the
idea that Virginia is ublo or fit to lead us in
times like these. When the tug comes, it will
be hard work for Virginia to save herself; if
she does that, she will have to change her no
tions and her conduct very considerably. Mary
land ought no longer to allow herself to lie con
sidered u mere satellite of Virginia, but take a
resolute stand for herself. Shu and Delaware
united are full match for Virginia. As long
as the rest of the border slave States allow
Virginia to imagine that they depend for their
sense, their courage, uud their policy, on her, we
shall have nothing but trouble and uncer
tainty." THE NORTHERN ALLIES.
The Northern allies of secession, never any
thing but mercenary troops, are succumbing
rapidly to tho storm which is raging. Witness
the following from the N. Y. Express of Mon
" We must not be expected to cense in our
opposition to a geographical party, or a geo
gruphicul Government, but wo do not wish to
see the Go-ernineiit broken up, nnd wo will do
all that can be expected of men in such u try
ing position, to uphold it. Now that civil war
is upon us, and we cannot prevent it, we shall
hold it to be a duty to condemn as little as pos
sible, even when condemnation may well bo
deserved. The past, at least, we can for a
time, in a great degree, forget, nnd tho present
we shall,under the extraordinary perils iu which
the country is placed, criticise as littlo us pos
sible, unless in so doing we think wo can do
"A few words more as to what wo think tho
President should do, (and the words oro more
valuable from an opponent than if from n
friend,) because acts thus advised by an oppo
nent cannot bo complained of, if adopted.
" 1st. Not another mail should be sent to
South Caroliua. Twice hus our flag been fired
upon there, without direct, immediate, over
whelming necessity, and South Carolinians, by
their own act, cease to be our countrymen. j
" 2J. Not another gnu, cannon, revolver, or
pound of powder, should be permitted tc) go to I
the seceding States. The Presidontof the Uni- !
ted Stales, through his revenue officer, should
instantly estop their exportation, and States '
should stop their inter-transit trade. !
" 3d. The port of Charleston ought to be I
instantly blockaded. Thero may be no law for
it, but South Carolina has put herself out of the ,
protection of nnv law of ours. She does not '
respect us, and we cannot bo expected to re
THE NEW YORK HERALD CUTTING.
The New York Herald of yesterdny finishes
up In fine stylo its abandonment of its seces
sion friends. It says, in so many words, that
Mr, Lincoln is only doing what Mr. Buchanan
ought to have done five months ago.
From the New York Herald of April 10.
"The measures that have been adopted, with
in the last few days, by the Government of Mr.
Lincoln, entirely change tho aspect of public
affairs. Had a similar course been pursued
Jive months aijo, the last tconld hare Ik en heanl
of secession hefvie now. Not tho firing of a
gun would have been needed; the fortifications
upon tho coast would have been tendered lin
picgnable against local attacks; and, wilh the
exception ol South Carolina, no Statu wuuld luvo
withdrawn froui tho Union. Such a policy was
strongly recommended to Mr. Buchanan's Ad
ministration, at tho time, by the New York Her
ald; but treason in his Cabinet, aud the atro
cious perfidy of many others who surrounded
him, prevented his acts troiu corresponding with
the exigencies of the period. Il is better, hoic
ectr,late than never." "Republicans
look upon it as inevitable, and Demounts have
been gradually becoming di'gusted at the neg
lect nisd ingratitude with which they have been
treated by a section, for which they havo faith
fully borne the heat and burden ot conflict, for
so many years. Fire caters havo accustomed
themselves to adopt an indiscriminate tone of
hostility towards citizens of tho non-slnvehold-ing
States, which would have long ago alien
ated their friends, but that tho party Attachment
of the latter has been founded upon principles,
not recklessly to be abandoned.
"The policy adopted by Mr. Lincoln, as set
forth in his Proclamation, and his speech to the
Virginia commissioners, is, on the whole, ap
proved by the masses in the community. It can
not harm the North eventually ; and, if the dam
age it may inflict upon the South is to be re
gretted, it will be nono the less well, if it se
cures final peace to the country."
TERRIBLE CONDITION OK AFFAIRS
The Baltimore American has been permitted
to publish the following extract from a letter
from-a Mississippi planter :
" , Mississippi, April 7, 1861.
" I cordially approve the course old Maryland
has pursued in these secession times, and I
sincerely pray she may remain firm iu tho
Union ; and if she has any regurd fur her own
future peace and happiness, she will do so, ami
especially if she regards the stability of thebest
Government that ever did or will exist.
" Our situation hero is truly deplorable. We
are ground down with taxation nnd revenue ;
all credit and confidence gone, nnd not money
enough to even pay the tuxes.
" The people in the interior of the country
are without bread or meat, nnd without money
or credit to buy; they had even to apply to
their enemies, the people of tho West, fur corn
on a credit, and they were generous enough to
give them thirty thousand bushels. Most of it
was obtained from 'Old Abe's' immediate
neighborhood. If tho border States remain
firm, we cannot endure any length of time this
corrupt Southern Confederacy.
"The power of the people has already been
taken from them, and is held by the few. We
begin to see it and to feel it. I verily believe,
if the question of reunion was even now sub
mitted to a vote of the people, il would bo car
ried by thousands. Texas is already in com
motion. North Alabama declare themselves
in the Union, and intend to hold a Federal
court. The fire has already commenced, and
will in time burst forth here. Peaceable seces
sion is a humbug. We gain uuthing by it;
our slaves are no more secuic; our territory i
gone. Let the border States join tho Southern
Confederacy, aud slavery is gone. Let all who
desire the permanency ot the institution by nil
means oppose it. Biiug down Canada to the
border line, and your slaves are free, and civil
war would be inevitable. Neither iu jout day
nor mluo would there be peace.
" But our fcoutheru demagogues and fire
eaters will, iu their pompous way, tell you
' Cotton is King ' it will rulo the world ; but
in the event of a war, this king would be pow
erless. Who would then respect it ? Its throne
" A few months since, the excitement was
great. Tho blood was at fever h at. Our
streets were thronged with these valiant men
wearing cockades. It was treason to name
the Union, and I verily was afraid the scenes
of the French Revolution would bo acted over
in our midst ; but as tho time for tax-paying
arrived, wilh it has come reflection the feel
ings of many of our people have cooled down
to the proper temperature. We enn now speak
our sentiments, which I assuro you is done
freely and boldly. Things cannot continue
long as they are. Our merchants are duiug
nothing, our mechanics are out of employ, uud
uur planterd can scarcely raise money enough
to buy provifcions. Indeed, rauny of tliem can
not, uud do not know what to do. 1 believe I
may safely say a man could have raised, 12
mouths ago, $1,000 as easy as ho can raise
Four Pickens was Reinforced. Tho fol
lowing dispatch was received by Gov. Wi3e, on
Montuumeiiv, April 13.
By authority of the Hon. L. P. Walker, Sec
retary of War, I have to inform you, fur gene
ral publicity, that on last night reinforcements
wero thrown into Fort Pickens by the Govern
ment at Washington, in violation of the con
vention existing between that Government nnd
this Confederacy. Joilx Ttllk, jun.
lion. II. A. Wise.
Fiiom New Mexico. A correspondent of the
St. Louis llepullican, writing from Santa Fe
on March 24, says :
"Tho reading of President Lincoln's Inau
gural here, jesterduy, was tin; uciusiou of tho
most intense excitement. It was prupoxed tu
tuku immediate possession of tho Government
property, which could easily havo been doue,
as there are but fifty soldiers iu barracks. But
better counsel prevailed, and now I believe the
people are willing to uunil the action of Mis
somi, with whom thev consider their destinies
so interwoven, that tiny must fellow her lead.
" The cituens of Anzuuii ndd a Convention
in the town of Mesilla on the 10th in-i., uud
resolved themselves out of the Union. Where
upon, Gen. W. Claudo Jones announced him
self a candidate to represent Arizona iit tho
Congress of the Confederate States of America.
J The Govcrnors.of North Caroliua and
Kentucky havo respectively' responded to the
Government's call fir troops, as given below.
The Secretary of at will, however, receivo
the services uf independent companies from
thoso Stales, volunteering directly to the Fede
FnANxronT, Kr., April 15, 1861.
Your dispatch is received. In nnswer, I say,
emphatically, Ken ucky will furnish no troops
for the wicked purpose of subduing her sister
B. Magoffin, Gov. of Ky.
Hon. Simon Cameron, Sec'y of iriir,
Halkioii, April 15, 1861.
Your dispatch is received, nnd, if genuine
which its extraordinary character leads me to
doubt I have to say, in reply, that 1 regard
the levy of troops made by the Administration,
for the purpose of subjugating the States of
the South, as in violation of tbe Constitution
and a usurpation of power. I can be no party
to this wicked violation of tho laws of the coun
try, and to Ibis wur upon the liberties of n free
people. You can get no troops from North
Carolina. I will reply more in detail when
your call is received by mail.
JOHN IV. liLUS, UOV. 1. V.
Hon. Simon Cameron, Sec'y of Jl'ur.
AiTntN'TMF.NTS. Edward 11. Neally, iecond
class clerk in the Bureau of Provisions and
William L-iidlow, a clerk of the same clasi,
in the Bureau of Yards and Docks.
Richurd M. Ross, of Ohio, nnd James M.
Beard, uf Iowa, first-class clerks iu tho Laud
Removal. John P. Wolf, of Penn., second
class clerk in the Bureau of Provisions aud
Resmnationr. John Ambler, of Va., fourth
class clerk in the Bureau of Construction.
Joseph S. Robinson, juu., of N. C, second
class clerk in the Bureau of Yards nnd Docks.
John W. Daniel, of D. C, n first-class clerk,
and A. Moise, of Pculi., n third-class clerk, both
of the Sixth Auditor's office.
appointments at the navy yards.
Kort'olk. William Emmerson, muster shin
joiner. Richard C. Ilaush, master builder.
Ueorgo A. Scott, assistant inspector ot limber.
John J. Williams, foreman coppersmith. Peter
''allilee, keeper of the fire engines. Joseph
Winslow, master mason. Thomas J, Hobday,
Boston. John C. Chapman, superintendent
of machinery. Charles Field, clerk of the yard.
Hiram Cutts, master plumber. William Hitch
born, master joiuer. Elbridge Gardner, master
of the laborers. William II. Sprague, master
carpenter. William M, Lewis, master block
maker. FORT SUMTER IN' IDENTS FROM THE
The number of soldiers in the fort was about
seventy, besides twenty-five workmen, who as
sisted at the guns. His stock of provisions was
almost exhausted, however. Ho would have
becu starved out in two more days.
The forces of Major Anderson wero entirely
inadequate to effectually work tho guns, anil
attend to the incidental requirements. It is not
to be wondered at, under the circumstances,
that Fort Sumter surrendered. The men were
on duty thirty-six hours, with balls or shells
striking the casemates and guns of tho fort con
stantly. Competent military men state, that
tho intense vibrations, or Bbock, produced on
the brain and nervous system of those in the
vicinity, is terribly exhausting.
At tho siege ot Sebastopol, tho men who
worked the guns were relieved every twenty
minutes, and groomed with whisky and flannel,
to enable them to endure the concussion pro
duced by the firing of their own guns, and lli:
shock of the enemy's balls nnd shells striking
the fortification. The concussion attending the
firing of a Columbiad, in the enclosed casemate
of n fort, is said to be terrible.
Three times Anderson's barracks were set on
fire, aud twico his men extinguished the flames ;
but, to do this, it was necessary to employ all
the force in drawing water.
More effectively to do this, it was necessary
that some men should go outside the walls' nnd
hand buckets through the port-holes, being
meanwhile exposed to the terrific fire of tho
batteries. This expedient for obtaining water
was not resorted to until the third time the
quarters wero on fire, and the fire and flames
had increased to such an alarmini; pitch,
Meantime Mi.jor Anderson's guns were sileut,
and his enemies active. By noon the flames
burst from every quarter, and from many of the
put i-uuies, unii ib suuti uucaiiiu evmeiu muL uie
destruction of tho fortress was complete.
More engines huvo been sent down to Fort
oumtcr. the tiro has been thoroughly extin
guished, but it is necessary to cool off the mag
azines, us they are still very hot, and they are
afraid to open them lest thev explode by venti
lation. One hundrid and twenty-six barrels of
powder arc still in tho magazines.
Tho recent storms, attendant with heavy
rains, havo done considerable damage to the
Chesapeake and Ohio canal, and, up to the
latest accounts, travel, especially iu (lie vicin
ity of Hancock, had been suspended.
The telegraph has announced the arrest of
Lieutenant need Wonien by tho secessionists
nt Pensacola, whither he had been sent with
dispatches by tho Government. Lieutenant
Uceil women, in n note to tne rew lorK
naners, states that ho is nt present attached to
the steam frigate Mcrrimac, and that ho has
never been to i'onsucula.
A dispatch from Annapolis, tho first received
over the recently completed telegraph to that
place, Btntes that the Government has ordered
the removal of the amis and ammunition from
the battery nt the Naval School to tho practice
ship vjonstitu'ion. Alio watchmen on the sta
tion huvo been armed, uud olher precautions
Tho discovery of oil wells continues in Ka
nawha and tho adjacent country in Virginia.
The Richmond Examiner says : " Tho farm
ers residing on James river report a gen
eral destruction of their wheat crops on tho
flats between hero and City Point, by llie recent
freshet. To such an extent wero the fields
damaged, it is feared by many that they will he
of no uso during the entire season. Some will
be turned to ucc-uut by being planted with
Tho rains of Friday and Saturday caused a
great rise iu the upper Potomac, llie railroad
between Maitiusburg and Cumberland, in sev
eral places, was submerged, nnd a delay took
place in the passage of tho trains. At Harper's
Ferry, the water was within n few feet ol the
The Bank of Charleston has taken 50,000
of the Confederate loan.
Ilcliuhlo advices from Norfolk inform us that
the United Slates forces are busily employed in
removing ordnance nnd nnimuuition fioin Cos
port navy yard to Fortress Monroe. Ilichmond
Enquirer, of Monday,
Tho census returns actually show that tho
number of fugitive slaves successfully escaping
from tbe border States in tho year 1860 was
considerably less than half the number that
successfully escaped in the year 1850 1
In the navy yards at New York, Boston,
Philadelphia, nnd Norfolk, thero are 14 ships
of war whieh can be got ready for sea in a few
wciks. These vessels cany collectively 378
gum, nnd will be manned by about 6,000 men.
The rreatest activity prevails in nil the navy
yards, and, in fact, in every department of the
At Philadelphia, tho Germans are coming
forward as volunteers in great numbers. One
regiment has been already filled up by them.
A new effort is to bo made to contest the
will of thrt late Senator Broderick, on the
ground of forgery. His estate is estimated to
bo worth two millions of dollars.
Wo learn that several gentlemen of great
wealth intend to furnish funds to start a seces
sion nnner in this citv. the first number to be
issued on Monday next. Baltimore Patriot of
CONSTITUTIONAL GURADS, ATTEN
TION! You are hereby requested to meet at your ar
mory this (Wednesday) evening, at 7 o'clock. It
is earnestly desired that every member will be
present, as business of Importance will be sub
mitted for your consideration.
By order of the Captain :
JOSIAH B. GRANT,
apr 17 Secretary.
ATTENTION, EXEMPTS I
All those citizens of Washington exempt by
over age from the performance of military duty,
who feel disposed to devote all their remaining
physical and mental energies to the service of
their country, in the defence of Its capital against
traitors and rebel), are requested to call at this
office, and at the offices of the Intelligencer and
the Star, and enrol their names, preparatory to a
meeting to be held on Saturday evening next, in
tbe vestibule of the City Hall.
The Intelligencer and the Star will please
copy. apr 17
UNION MEETING THIS EVENING.
An adjourned meeting of the friends of tbe
Union will be held at tbe Old Trinity Church, on
Fifih street, between D and E, opposite the City
Hall, at 7 o'clock this evening. Hon. O. M. Clay,
Professor Daniels of Wisconsin, S. B. Dutcber of
New York, G. P. Edgar of Illinois, and other em
inent speakers, will address the meeting. All
friends of the cause are iuvlted.
W. O. PARSONS, Chairman.
D. Breed, Secretary. apr 17
VOLUME FIFTH, MAOAULAY'S HISTORY OF
rpHIS edition of MacHUlny is worthy of especial
JL attention, inasmuch as the fifth volume con
tains a large amount of matter not contained In
any olher editions, comprising a Biographical
and Critical Sketch of Macaulay's Life, Charac
ter, and Writings, by S. Austin AUibone ; a dou-ble-pae.0
fac simile, from one of Macaulay's latest
manuscripts; a full and elaborate Index to the
five volumes ; while the Additional Notes to the
first four volumes have been incorporated from
tbe last London edition. It is therefore claimed
for this edition that It Is the most complete, ac
curate, and satisfactory, of any ever before pub
lished. For sale by
278 Pennsylvania avenue, between
Eleventh and Twelfth streets,
apr I iw
Navy Supplies 1861-62.
Bureau of Provisions uud Clothing,
March 15, 1801.
SEPARATE PROPOSALS, sealed and en
dorsed " Proposals for Navy Supplies," will
be received at this Bureau until 9 o'clock A. M.,
ou Wednesday, the 17th day of April next, for
furnishing and delivering (on receiving ten days'
notice, except fur biscuit, for which five days'
notice sbnll be given f r every twe.ty thousand
pounds required) at tho United States navy
yards, at Cuarlcstoivn, Massachusetts ; Brooklyn,
New York ; and Gosport, Virginia, such quanti
ties only ol the following artices as may be re
quired or ordered from the contractors by the
chief of this Bureau, or by tbo res ectivo com
maudiog oflucrs of tbe said navy yards, during
the fiscal year ending June 30, 1862, viz :
Biscuit flour, rice, dried apples, pickles, sugar,
tea, coffee, beans, molasfes, vinegar, and whl-ky.
The b tcuit shall be made wholly from sweet
superfine flour, of tho manufacture of the year
18G0 or 1801, but shall in all cases be manufac
tured from flour made of the crop Immediately
preceding the dates of the requisitions for tbe
same ; and shall be fully equal In quality, and
conform in size aud shape, to the samples which
are deposited in the said navy yards ; shall be
properly baked, thoroughly kiln-dried, well
packed, and delivered freeot charge to the Uni
ted States, iu good, sound, welUdrltd, bright
flour barrels, with the heads well secured, or in
air and water tight whisky or spirit barrels, at
tbe option of the Bureau. No bisculi will be re
quired at Gosport in tight barrels.
The flour shall i e equal to the best Richmond
ana Baltimore brand , and of the manufacture of
wueaigrown iu mo year muoor 1UUI; but shall
in all cases be manufactured from pure, sound,
Ire h ground wheat ol the crop immediately pre
ceding the dates of tbe lequlsition for tbe same ;
shall be perfectly Bweet, and in all respects ot
the best quality; and Bball be delivered in good
shipping order, free of all charge to the Uuited
Stales, in tbe best new, well seasoned, bou d,
bright barrels, or half barrels, as the case may
be tbe slaves and headings to be of red oak of
tbe bo t quality, strong and well hooped, with
lining hoops around each head, and equal tu
quality to sample barrel at tbe said navy yards ;
two half barr Is to be considered as a barrel, and
not more than one-sixth ot the required quantity
to bo in hull barrels.
The rice Bbalt be of th very best quality, and
of ibe crop immediately preceding the dates of
tbe requtsiiious for the same.
The dried a pies shall be of tbe best quality,
and shall be prepared by tun-drying only, and of
tee crop of tbe autumn Immediately preceding
tbe dales of the requisitions for the same; and
snju ue ueiivereu in paokagea containing not
more thau three hundred pouuds.
Tub pickles shall be put up In iron-bound
casks, the iron hoops to be 1 luch wide and 1-1C
Inch thick, uud luch cask shall contain one gal
lon of onions, one gallon of peppers, and eight
gallons ot medium cucumbers, hlty to the gallon,
nnd tbe vegetables iu each shall weigh filty-seveu
pouuds, aud the only be paid lor; and each
cask aball then be filled with white wine vinegar
ot at least 42 degrees of strength, and equal to
French viuegar; the casks, vegetables, and vln
egar, shall conform and bo equal In all respects
to the samples deported at the above-named
navy yardj, and the coulractors shall warrant
aud guaranty that lliey will keep good and sound
for ui least two years.
The iron hojps on the barrel! containing whis
ky, molasses, vinegar, aud pickles, to be well
painted wi.h red lead.
The sugar sh 11 be according to the samples
at tbe said navy yards, and be dry and fit for
packing, and equal In quality to the best Havana
Tbe tea shall be of good quality young hyion,
equal to the samples at said navy yards, and be
dellvend In half and quarter chests only.
Tho coffee shall he equal to the be.t Cuba, ac
cording to sample.
The beans shall bo of tho vi-ry !et quality
whito beans, aud shall be uf tho crop Immediately
preceding tbe dates of the r qiiitltlon for the
lame ; G4 pouuds to be taken as one buihel.
Tbe molasses shall be fully equal to tho very
best quality of Not Orleans raobisses, and shall
be delivered in new, wrll seusoii'-d red-oak bar
rels, with while-pine heads not less than 1 inch
thick; the stavm not Ins than j-lnch thick; the
barrels to be thice-quarters hooped, and, iu ad
dition, to hare four irou hoops, one on each
bilge, 1J inch In width and 1-lVth inch thick,
and one on each chloio 1 luch in width and
1-lClh Inch thick, aud shall be thoroughly coop
ered and placed Iu the bet shipping condition.
The vinigar shall b: of the first qua Ity, equal
to the inndard of tho United .-.litis Pha maco
jitcla, and shall contain no other than acetic
acid: and Bball bi-dtlivcrtd iu barrels similar la
all respects to th so required for molasses, with
tbe excep iou that uhite-onk staves and beads
shall be substituted for red-oak ttavea and white
pine he-ids, nnd shall be thoroughly coopered
and plac d In the best shlppng order.
The wbl ky shall be made wholly from grain,
so'ind aud meicluntablc, and bu full tint proof
according to the Untied States custom-house
standard, and shall be double rectified. It shall
be dellwicd in good, new, sound, bright, tbree
quaiters boopid, weil-sasoned white-oak bar
rl',itb nbite-ouk beads, the beads to b'lnade
of tbree-plcco heading, and well pained; the
staves no to be less tbau J-lnell ihlik, und lot
heads not less thau -luch thick; and each bar
rel shall be cuopcred, Iu uddi ion, with oue three
penny irou hoop on each bilge, 1 lueh in width
and 1-1 0 li Inch thick, and oue ihice-penny hoop
on each chime, 1 lucli In width and 1- lCih Incb
thick, as per diagram. The whole to be put In
cood shipping order, free of all charge to the
All the foregoing described articles, embracing
casks, barrels, half burrels, and boxes, shall be
subject to such inspection as tho chief of the Bu
reau of Provisions and Clothing may direct, the
Inspecting officer to be appointed by the Navy
Department. All Inspect ons to be at the place
of delivery. Biscuit may, however, be In pected
at the place of manufacture, but will In all cases
be subject to a final luspecllon at the place of
delivery before the bills are signed thtrclor.
The prices of alt the foregoing articles to
be the same throughout tbe year, and bidders
may ffer for one or more articles ; and bis offer
will bo accepted for that yard for which his pro
posal may be lowest.
All the casks, barrels, and h If barrels, boxes
or packages, shall be marked with their contents
and tbe contractor's name. All tbe barrels and
half barrels of flour, bread, and pickle.', shall
have, In addition to the ubove, the year when
manufactured or put up marked upon them.
The samples referred to in this advertisement
are those selecttd for tbe ensuing fiscal year, and
have no reference to such as have been prevtouily ex
hibited. The quantity of these articles which will be
required cannot be precisely stated. They will
probably be about
To be offered for.
Biscuit 1,800,000 lbs per 100 lbs.
Ftonr 1,400 bbls....per bbl.
Rice 250,000 lbs per 100 lbs.
Dried apples 150,000 lbs per lb.
Pickles 150,000 lbs per lb.
Sugar 235,000 lbs per 100 lbs.
Tea 25,000 lbs per lb.
Coffee 25,000 lbs per lb.
Beans 7,000 bush ...per busb.
Molasses 20,000 gals... . per gal.
Vinegar 22,000 gal per gal.
Whisky 60,000 gals.... per gal.
Tbe quantities of any or all may be Increased
or diminished as ihe service may hereafter re
quire. Tbe conlracts will therefore be made, not
tor specific quantities, but fir such qnantltics as
the service may require to be delivered at those
navy yards, respectively.
Contractors not residing at the places where
deliveries are required must establish agencies at
such places, thai no delay may arise in furnish
ing what may be required; and when a contrac
tor falls promptly to comply with a requisition,
the Chief of the Bureau of Provisions and Cloth
ing shall be autbor.zed to direct purcbas s to be
made to supply the deficiency, under tbe penalty
to be expressed In the contract : the record of a
requisition, or a duplicate copy thereof, at tho
Bureau of Provision aud Cloihlng, or at either
of the navy yards aforesaid, shall be evidence
that mch requisition has been made and re
ceived. Separate offers must be made for each article
at each of the aforoiaid navy y-irds; and inenso
more than one article is contained in the offer,
the Chief of the Bureau will have the right to ac
cept one or more of tbe articles contained in
such offer, and reject the remainder; nnd bid
ders whose proposals are accepted (and none
others) will be forthwith notified, and as ea'ly as
practicable a contract will be transmitted to
them for execution, which contract must be
returned to ibe burenu within five days, exclu
sive of the time required fur the regular trans
mission ot the mail. f,
Two or more approved sureties In a sum eaual
to the estimated amount of the respective con- J
lri.1. will k. ...... .t 1 I .
,. nn, wo icijukcu, auu iwouiy per centum
in addition will be withheld from the amount of
all payments on account thereof as collateral se
curity, In addition, to secure Its performance, and
not in any event to be paid until li is in all re
spects complied with ; eighty per centum of the
amouot of all deliveries made will be paid by
the navy agent within thirty days after bills,
duly authenticated, thall have been presented to
Blank forms of proposal! may be obtulned on
application to Ihe navy agents at Porlsmou h,
Hew Hampshire ; Boston, New York, Philadel
phia, Baltimore, Noifolk, and at this bureau.
A record, or duplicate ot tbe letter Informing
a bidder of tbe acceptance of bis proposal, will
be deemed a notification thereof, within the
meaning of tbe act of 1840, and his bid w.U bo
made and accepted in conformity with this un
derstanding. Every otter made must be accompanied (as di
rected in the act of Co gress making appropria
tions for tbe naval servlco tor 1840-'47, approved
10th of August, 1840) by a written guarantee,
signed by one or more responsible persons, to the
effect that he or thev undertake that tint hlrlrfAP
or bidders will, If his or their bid be accepted,
enter Into an obligation within five days, with
good and sufficient sureties, to furnish the sup
plies proposed. The bureau will not be obligated
to consider any proposul uuless accompanied by
the guarantee required by law ; the competency
ot'the guarantee to be certified by the navy agent,
district attorney, or collector ol the customs.
me attention of bidders is called to the lamples
and deeeriftion of articles required, as, in the infec
tion foriec'ftion, a Just but rigid comparison will
be made between the articles offend and the sample
and contract, receiving none that fait below them ;
and their allent,on 11 alio particularly directed to
the joint resolution of 27A March, 1854, and to the
act of the 10th August, 1840.
mar 18 law4w
SMITH'S, No. 400 Seventh street, is tbo best
place in town to buy Clothes, Furnishing
Goods, Hats, nnd Caps. feb 28 0m
BOARD. Pleasant Rooms, with Board, can bo
had at No. 28 Four-and-a-half street.
P)R. JOHN G. F. HOLSTON, Surgeon, Pbysl-'J
- vmu, aim Accoucneur, Ciiiner or Tenth ana
K sfee's, jan 3 3m
DR. JO FPU T. HOWARD.
OFFICE No.,308 Fifth street, between G and
H streets. dec 4 0m