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PUBLISHED UY L. CLEPHANE 4 CO.
OKOR.OP. II. WK8TO.V, Kdltor.
Wednesday, June 19, 186L
4W No d rtlnjnienu or notion, except to regnhr ad
Tertlwi, will be lnstd without payment In adrance.
J-We are indebted to Sbillington for
Godey's Lady's Boot for Jul, full, as usual, of
the "nicest patterns'' and reading for the fair.
19 From what we have learned of the move
ments and stations of the rebel forces in Vir
ginia, we are satisfied that the troops who fired
upon the Ohio companies at Vienna on Mon
day were Colonel Kershaw's South Carolina
regiment, lately posted at Centreville.
Bom ik Service. 0. II. Browning, Esq.,
the newly appointed Senator from Illinois, was
one of the counsel of Mrs. Buruh in the recent
celebrated divorce suit in Illinois. Anotherofhcr
counsel in that case, Mr. Beckwith, is engaged
with Col. Lamon iu organizing a brigade of
loyal Virginians, headquarters at Williams
' The secession ordinance was formally
signed by the members of the Virginia State
Convention lost Friday. John Janney, of Lou
dona county, the Presideut of the Convention,
was present and affixed his signature.
W The statement, telegraphed to some
Northern papers, that the men of the twenty
fifth Pennsylvania regiment "do not appear to
be satisfied with'tboir officers,'' is pronounced,
by those who ought to liuow, to bo quite un
founded. PennsylvaniaRlqimekts. Colonel Small's
(twenty-sixth) and Colonel Einstein's regiments
did not proceed to Ghambersburg es reported
in Philadelphia. They severally reached this
Tut Missouri Senators. The Warsaw
(Mo.) Democrat says that neither Mr. Polk or
Judge Johnson will take their seats in the
United States Senate in July.
US" The indications are, that the earliest and
most positive movement towards Central Vir
ginia will be from the Northwest. The opera
tion will combine daring with safety. The
marching column will be flanked on the right
by a population entirely loyal. It will move
throoghfa district not alienated from tho Union.
Forces for sueh an expedition will not be lack
ing. Ohio'nlone has twenty-eight regiments in
field and camp, but two of which are on the
US' Delaware is awake with that devotion
to the Union and tho cause which burned in
tho days of the ' Blue lien's Chicken?."' Read
the account of the great mass meeting at Do
ver, on oar first pae today. The little State
is unwilling to lose her place in the mighty
Union where her rights are respected, and her
interests protected. Well had it been for swag
gering Virginia had she cast her lot with her
small but gentle neighbor, Delaware !
S9The statement has been repeated for
two or three days in succession, in telegraphic
dispatches henco to pnpers North, that Colonel
Stono's commaud had crossed to the south or
west sido of the Potomac. We are apprized
that Colonel Stone's troops still remain on the
Maryland bank of the river, observing the
ferries that opposite Leesburg and the olhtr
ten miles further up the river.
It is, we fear, on account of the threats im
puted to Colonel Stono of summary treatment
of the newspaper correspondents, that they are
hurling him prematurely into Virginia.
The Rojinet Affair. Col. Wallace tele
graphs that the rebels who were driven out of
Bomney did not rally and return, but that they
ran sixteen miles toward Winchester before they
stopped. "So far from my retreating, I brought
out to the campat Cumberland their tents, valu
able arms, uniforms, and medical stores, with
out leaving anything behind. Their rout was
total. The next day there were several funerals
in the town. We killed a captain and a mem
ber of the Virginia Legislature, and took one
of their majors prisoner. I send you this to
stop unwarranted slander about ray retreat,'
started by some cowardly souudrel in Alex
andria." He adds: "My boys are entitled to
all honor j thoy won it bravely ; let them have
it. They have not forgotten Bucna Vista."
TAXATION AND THE PUBLIC CREDIT.
It has been said that "finance is the working
point of all governments," which is a truth readi
ly realized, when expenditures are vast, while
revenues are light. That is the predicament
of things now, and it remains to be seen with
what degree of wisdom and courage it will be
met by our public men, and by the country.
The Boston Journal, a paper of very consid
erable circulation and influence in New Eng
land, opposes any form of direct taxation, and
any change in tho existing tariff, except in tho
particulars of doubling tho duties on sugar and
molasses, and of imposing duties upon tea and
coffee, not now taxed. In its issue of the 8th
instant, it mnkes the following estimate of the
additional revenue to be derived from the
changes proposed :
176,000,000 pounds coffee, at .1 c. j5,250,000
27,000,000 " lea, at in e. 2,7(10,000
00,000,000 " sugar, at I Jo. 7,500,000
20,000,000 gallons molass,ui U c. 1,000,000
Less ti'.'O duty on sugnrnnd molasses
accruing under the present tariff, 4,150,000
An odditioua.' revenue of $12,300,000
Tho Journal tudds :
"The adoption of this measure, as a war tax
by tho July Congress, ?c arc quito suro viould
be hailed everywhere as strong financial
move in the right direction, materially reducing
the wants of the Treasury in the w of loans,
and giving confidence to the public in tho en
ergy and ability of the Government," '
Now, the manifest truth is, that upon our j
prefent scale of imports, our custom-houses, wiin
the proposed alterations, would not yield enough
for tho ordinary expenditures of tho Govern
ment, exclusive altogether of war expenses, and
upon no probable estimate of imports for eigh
teen months (o come, would they yield enough
for such ordinary expenditures.
But the extraordinary expenditures of a great
war are to be met, and by something else thnn
that very cheap patriolisnT which consTsta'iu en.
joining the advantages of borrowing ana spenox
intr monev. and of leaving the burden ol pajp
idg to posterity, or ofshifjiing the losses npop
cheated creditors. Undoubtedly, we cannot
"pay as tee go," in an emergency like that now'
upon us, but must diffuse its pressure over a
number of years, by the use of credit. But,
thero are plain limits to the use of credit, even
now, and one of them is, that the revenue should
be made equal to the ordinary expenses of the
Government, and to the interest of all sums
borrowed for extraordinary expenses. This
would leave nothing for a sinking fund, but that
would be found in that increase of revenue
which would arise, without new taxes, from the
productiveness of old onos, improved by the re
turn of peace. But loans, with no taxes to
meot tho interest upon them, negotiated at the
necessary disadvantages attending such loans,
and rolling up with the rapid accumulation of
compounded interest, will soon extinguish a
national credit already 'impaired. ,
The absorption of national capital by this war
is precisely the same, whether it is obtained by
loans or by taxes. It is not escaped by refu
sing to impose taxes.
The last sale of our, six per cent, stocks was
at firteenpef cent, diaeonnt, which is n style of
negotiation more profitable tb money londers
than to the country, although it was undoubted
ly the beet which "could bo done with the ex
hibit of revenues which the Secretary of the
Treasnry was able to make.
By a vigorous taxation, not only will the
amount necessary f.oJb;borrowed be diminished,
bat, what is borrowed will be obtained at a bet
ter rate. The Journal speaks of eight per cent,
as a probable and favorable rate. It will be
found to be one at which so unprofitable a busi
ness as war cannot be carried on a great while.
ONE OF THE CLERKS WHO RESIGNED.
We make an extract from a letter written by
the Chief Clerk of the War Department of the
C. S. A., (uow at Richmond,) to a relative in
the North. The letter was written about May
1 . The extract is as follows :
"The negro Goyernment will Cud that in 90
days our flag will float from tho dome of the
Capitol in Washington not to remain there,
but to wave onty long enough to convinco the
Black Republican miuionstr eare their master ;
and then, mark my prediction, those monu
ments of the old wreck will be razed, and what
"remains will soon become tho haunts of bats
and reptiles ; and if that does not satisfy the
Blacks, we will it to Independence Hall, Fan
ucil Hall, and plant our banner, as a rest, on
the top of Mt. Washington. We have the con
soling satisfaction to know that wo plead for
peaee; we desired no fratricidal war ; we asked
our rights, and we received insult and menace,
ic. I will call and see yon on my way to
Washington, as I calculate upon being there
at its final overthrow, and hope to enjoy some
of the exquisite pleasure that will be afforded
in the use of the hemp in that city. The skele
tons of the arch-fiends will, at some distant
day, be hanging to the railings which surround
the Capitol, as they will afford subject fir re
flection as the traveller explores tho ruins of
the American Sodom. And it would be well
to add to the collection of those who will grace,
the railings, the remains of Butts, Johnson, ic.
So mote it be. The reign of terror, I see, has
commenced in Philadelphia; it will not last
long, for the city of 'Brotherly Lovo ' will very
soon be numbered among the things that
The individual who wrote the letter of which
the above is an extract is well known in this
city. He was appointed to a clerkship by
President Pierce, promoted by Mr, Buchanan.
He was also, by the latter, made register of a
land office in the West, where he became half
a freesoiler. From the West, he returned to
Washington. In the last year of Mr. Bu
chanan's Administration, however,he got brave
ly over hi3 freesoil proclivities, and, forming
a club, of two or throe members, called the
"South Carolina Club," he was made its presi
dent. A third-class clerkship ($1,600) was the
placo he held last. He was a pet of tho Ad
ministration quite up to the time of his leaving
for the South, which was in April last. The
man's name is Wagner. Ho was born in South
Carolina. Of the Baptist persuasion, he was
a communicant in Dr. Sampson's church in
this city. Departing early, ho left behind him
many in the Departments here who sympathized
and sympathize with bis views, but lack the
ability to commend themselves to the chiefs of
tho rebel Government. Some of these yot re
main in office, the heads of Departments here
believing the story that their services are in
dispensable, or so pressed for time as to be un
able to get leisure to turn them out. So does
war make men busy. We should be glad to
hear from Mr. Wagner again at the expiration
of ninety days.
KENTUCKY MR. CRITTENDEN'S
Mr. Crittenden made a speech at Lexington,
Kentucky, last week, thus defining his position
as a candidate for Congress :
The first great object which he ardently de
sired was, that this war should be put an end
to: that the longer it continued, and the more
devastating it became, the more difficult would
be its solution ; and to the end of pacification
and the restoration of the kiudly feelings which
once prevailed umong the happy and prosper
ous people of a common Government would
his whole energies be devoted, if it should bo
the pleasure of the people to confer tin hiin the
responsible trust of representing them. To a
war of subjugation h m opposed ; and while
he wa satisfied that thu Government did noth
ing more than its duty in lb preparation it had
made to defend the national capital, yet he
would be prepared, at any moment, to lend n
helping hand to arrest the further progress of
this unnatural conflict. Mr. Lincoln, he do
dared, was not the President of his selection,
and he was neither responsible for nor prepared
tosuslaiu the policy ot that functionary. Lin.
coin, however, was not the Governmint, al
though charged, for the tirno, with its adminis
trative functions ; and, while he repudiated all
ance to nim or nis crsea, be was, us be
had always professed to be, loyal to the Con
stitution of lus country, under which tho nation
had been so prosperous, the people so free and
happy, and the blessings of which are priceless
Mr. Crittenden declared that, in his judg
ment, everv means should be resorted to to re-
store tho blessings of peace, to preserve the I
Union, and to hand down, unimpaired, the I
noble institutions which havo come down to us
hallowed by the sanction of our revolutionary
fatherr. To that end he declared, first, that ,
the Southern States should present to Congress, i
when it meets, a fair statement of the griev
ances nnder wbicli they labor: .that,' when pre! '
sented, the Congress of the United States should t
promptly grant a full measure of redress for .
those grievances; and that if Congress should I
not do so, he would not vote one dollar to the
prosecution of the war. In the next place, if
the South should fail to present their zriev-!
ancea with a view to adjustment, then that the
Nqrth should promptly concede such assurances
of redress and security as were just to the South ;
and that besides these, all other possiblo means
should be employed that would have the effect
of maintaining the Union, preserving the Gov
ernment, and putting a period to the unnatural
war in which the couutry is involved. In the
event that all the means employed for this pa
triotic and noble purpose should fail aud the
war1 should stilt rage on, then he was of the
opinion that Kentucky, poising herself upon
berproud 'position of neutrality, should summon
all her judgment and reason, and, discarding all
passion aud prejudice, should decide for htrself
what position she should assume. He declared
that sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof)
and 'that while he was not now, under the con
tinually shifting scenes of tho political drama,
prepared (6 say what position Kentucky should
occupy in the contingency mentioned, he would
bo prepared, as a native and loyal son of Ken
tucky, to follow her destiny, be it what it
The 'germ of treason seeks to conceal itself
iuMr. .Crittenden's speech, but in vain, like
murder, it will oat. When he says that as a
"nativo and loyal son, of Kentucky," he is 'f pre
pared to follow her destiny, be what it might',"
he discloses the, fatal error which has precipi
tated the country into war, and, perchance, may
redden the sfoll of his State with the blood of
brave, misguided , men.
In our nation, as in our theology, there is
but one God, one faith, one baptism. Our
liberties were won for the nation, for all the
people of the land. There is but one loyalty,
ti Nobody knows this better than Mr. Critten
den. His error is not of the heal, but of the
heart. Wo will not believe that any miserable
ambition to be a mediator has led him astray.
He, with so many other men in the South who
know the fallacy throughout of the doctrines of
the leaders of the rebellion, lack the stamina
to stand up against them, and, asserting their
manhood, save their region from the horrors of
To such white-livered " friends of the Union,"
more than to the fierce and desperate men who.
,lead the councils of the "Confederacy," is
owing the state of affairs which is now desola
ting the more exposed States of the South.
If it shall be Kentucky's fate to see the blood
of her children, noble, brave men, poured out
on the side of anarchy and misrule, she will
one day take thought that all her woes, and the
grief of mothers weeping for their children, will
be due to pusillanimous men, proclaiming them
selves " nativo and loyal," who had it in their
power, by being brave and true, to crush rebel
lion in her midst and drive war from her bor
General Lyon recites, in his proclamation,
the following order addressed to his predeces
sor in command of the Department of the
Adjutant General's Office,
Washington, May 27, 18G1.
Sir : The President observes, with concern.
that notwithstanding tho pledge of the State
authorities to co-oporato in preserving the peace
in Missouri, that Ioynl citizens in great num
bers continue to bo driven from their homes.
It is immaterial whether their outrages con
tinue from inactivity or indisposition on tho
part of the State authorities to prevent them.
It is enough that they continue, and it will de
volve on you the duty of patting a stop to them
summarily by force under your command, to
be aided by such troops ns you may require
from Kansas, Iowa, and Illinois. The profes
sions of loyalty to the Union by the authorities
of Missouri are not to bo relied upon. They
have already falsified their professions too
often, and are too far committed to secession to
be admitted to your confidence, and you can
only bo sure of their desistiug from their wicked
purposes when it is not in their power to pros
ecute them. You will, therefore, bo unceasing
ly watchful of their movements, aud not per
mit the clamors of their partisans and the op
ponents of the wise measures already taken to
prevent you from checking every movement
against the Government, however disguised,
under the pretended State authority. The au
thority of the United States is paramount, and
whenever it is apparent that, a movements
whether by order of State authority or not is
hostile, you will not hesitate to pnt it down.
Brigadier General W. S. Harney,
Com. Dep't of the West, St. Louis.
It will therefore be seen, that the admirable
movemcuts now being made by General Lyon,
are not only approved by the Administration,
but were dictated by it.
The military situation in Missouri is thus
described in u telegraphic dispatch from St.
Louis, of the 17th:
" The Federal force uow engaged in tho in
terior of tho State consists of upwards of 10,000
men, 2,500 of whom are stationed at Hermann
and Jefferson City, 3,200 at Kola, tlm terminus
of the southwest branch of the Pacific Railroad ;
2,500 at St. Joseph and along the Hannibal
and St. Joseph Railroad; 1,000 on tho North
Missouri Railroad, and 1,000 at Bird's Point,
"In addition to this, a force of 2,500 remains
in St. Louis, which could be increased to 7,000
in a few hours, by secessions from the neigh
boring camps in Illinois.
"These troops hold the entire portion of the
State north of the Missouri river, the southeast
3uarter lying on the Mississippi and a line
rawu southward from Jefferson City to the Ar
kansas border, giving the Federal Government
the important points of St. Louis, Hannibal,
St. Joseph, aud Bird's Point, as a basis of ope
rations, with the river aud loads a3 a means of
" Nothing is known of the movement of troops
above Jefferton City."
Major Henry Hill, of Virginia, army pay
master at New York, has resigned.
FROM THE SEAT OF WAR
ALL QUIET LAST NIGHT.
AN ADVANCE ON FAIRFAX COURT
The Column in Western Virginia.
Provisional Government in Missouri
50,000 Rifles Arrived at New York.
FROM NORTHERN MEXICO.
Rhode Island Regiment at Frederick.
The American Flag Fired Upon.
The following is believed to be a complete
list of the killed on the Federal side, at Vienna.
The list of wounded, however, is not complete :
J. R. T. Barnes, Waveriy, Pike county, Ohio,
Joseph C. Smith, Sciota county, company G.
JohnTaulmer, company G.
Daniel Sullivan, company G.
Private Spaulding, company H.
Private'Smith, company H.
Private Mercer, company C.
Private, Morrison, company H.
t WOUNDED. -.J
David C. Gates, company G ; right hand
badly injured. , ' .'
G. F, Lauman, company G, Pike county j
bruise on the left side, and also on the left
hand. ' 'y
Private Vblnor, company G.
Private Smith.icomp'any G.. . , l '.
Frank Lamed, company.G, wounded, not
Messrs. Lauman and. Gates are now at the
Infirmary, in this city, where they receivo every
attention,'. ' "
Sevcrfdr eight maze of the.ivounded were
brought to the-Georgetown' Infirmary at a late
hour yesterday afternoon.
t(WAimpreeio"n now' is, that the list above
enumeralediilclndes all the killed on the Fed
eral side, and that' the numberwounded is prob
ably about twenty. o
(f LATEST. i(,
A trnin armed in Alexandria about eight
o'clock, which reports all, quiet at and aropnd
Vienna at the time ojjleaving." A force of over
5,000 Federal troops, including Rickett's (for
merly Magruder'a) battery. This force was be
ing constantly increased, and it is supposed that
tho secession force is also being strengthened.
It seemed to be the general impression that a
movement of Federal troops on, Fairfax Court
House would be made bcforemorning.
Two wounded sojdicrs, members of the first
Ohio regiment, were found in a farm-house
near the scene of conflict, where they had bare
ly strength to crawl.
FROM FORTRESS MONROE.
The Georgiana, which arrived at Baltimore
yesterday noon, having left Fortress Monroe
Monday evening, reports that the Harriet Lane
had then just entered the Hampton Roads, with
the loss of her starboard wheel-house. With
the aid of n glass, it was plain that her wheel
house had been badly shattered, it was sup
posed in an engagement with some one of the
enemy's batteries, though it might have been
occasioned by a collision with some other
The Georgiana brings accounts of the ap
pearance of an English man-of-war on Cape
Henry, which gave rise to various speculations,
at Fortress Monroe, relative to her mission in
Passengers on the Georgiana are of opinion
that an attack on Great Bethel, to take place
Mouday night, had, been arranged by General
MOVEMENTS OF THE WESTERN DIVISION or THE
Cincinnati, June 17. A special dispatch
from Gratton says there is a gradual concentra
tion of Federal troops iu tho direction of Phil
lippi. The report of fighting at Buckhannon
with considerable loss to the Confederates, has
not been authenticated.
A number of rifled cannon havo arrived here
from Ohio, with a large amount of ammunition.
There is unusual activity towards Cheat river.
The Confederates are at Cheat River Mountain
Gaps, under commaud of General Jacksou.
A messenger from Phillippi announces that
Bcouts have diseovered that tho Confederates
are marching towards Phillippi, and the Fed
eral troops there expected an attack this morn
ing. Colonel Kelly is greatly improved.
A PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT.
Jefferson City, June 18, Colonel Boernstein,
commanding the Federal force, has issued a
proclamation establishing a provisional govern
ment, in consequence of the absence of the
firoper authorities. He promises protection to
ife and property, and urges the Union men
four companies to assist him.
DISTURBANCE AT ST. LOUIS.
Ht. Louis, June 18. Several citizens havo
been killed and wounded by the firing of tho
Reserve Guard, in front of the recorder s office.
The windows were shattered with balls. The
accounts are conflicting with rogard to tho
LATER FROM MISSOURI,
St. .outs, June 17. Report says that Brig
adier General Slack, whilo mustering troops
into the service of tho State, at Chillicothe,
was taken prisoner by Colonel Curtis, with his
United States volunteers, on their way to St.
Joseph. It is understood that General Slack
will be taken to Fort Leavenworth.
AFFAIRS IV MISSOURI PROCLAMATION ROM
St. Louis, June 17. General Lyon basis
sued a Mr one proclamation, pointing out the
determined efforts of tho Governor nnd Legis
ture to force the State out of the Union, and
the unconstitutionality of the military bill.
He rehearses the result of the conference with
Governor Jackson, and states that attempts to
execute the provisions of the military bill have
imposed most exasperating hardships on peace
ful and loya) citizens, with persecutions and
proscriptions of those opposed to its provisions.
Complaints of their acts, he says, have been
Ticeivcd by him as commander of the Federal
forces, and nlo sent to Washington, with ap
peals for relief from Union men, who in many
Instances hae been driven from tho Slate. He
gives his order received from the President,
stating that it devolves ppou General Lvou to
stop them, summarilv, bpr the forces under his
command, with such aid as may be required
from Kansas, Iowa, and Illinois. '
ARRIVAL OF AllMH.
Keie Voi L: June 18. Tho Bararia has ar
rived, brlngln-flftythonsand rifles for the-Ked-
FROM NORTHERN MEXICO.'
New Orleans, June 14. Texas advices say
Cortinas was attacked about a mile from Rich
mond's ranchero by a force under Capt. Berra
rides and was completely routed ; several being
killed and several wounded. They were dis
persed ; Cortinas escaping with about 10 men
It is understood that a revolution has been
inaugurated in, Taumilipas. Guerreono, de
feated as a candidate for Governer, issued a
pronunciamento, removing the question of who
should be Governor from the ballot-box to the
It is the impression that the revolution will
become general aud Guerreono would unite his
forces with those of Marquese and Mojica,who
have been setting Juarez's Government at de
fiance. ARRIVAL OF T1IE BUODE ISLAND RKQIMENT AT
FREDERICK CAPTURE OF SECESSION FLAGS.
Frederick, June 18. The Rhode Island regi
ment, 1,100 strong, entered this1 city shortly
after 7 o'clock this morning, and have hatted
at the Fair Grounds, while arrangements are
being perfected for their conveyance y rail
road to the Rejay House, aud thence to Wash
ington. They encamped'during the night on
the outskirts of the city.
About 9 o'clock this morning, a large crowd
of, soldiers gathered about the offioe of the
Herald, a Southern Rights paper, and demand
ed a secession flag, which they had beeu in
formed was concealed upon the premises.
William Heard, tho editor, whilst denying that
ho had such a flag, is said to have asserted that
he had, a right t display any flag he pleased.
This reply greatly incensed thes61diers,rwho
gathered inoreased numbers about the building,
and threatened its demolition, unless the flar
was surrendered and tho national flag displayed.
Lieut. CoL Pittman ordered the dispersal of
tno soldiers ana oi me large crowa oi citizens
whp had assembled, and he placed a resolute
guard of four men at the door of tho office to
prevent'the admission of all disorderly persons.
The excitement had temporily subsided,
when o number of artillerists attached Id the
regiment made their appearance, bringing a
secession flag, which they had captured in the
yard of a dwelling, and urged an assault Upon
.the office. Several friends of the proprietor
of the paper gathered about him, '.and there
wasepparently an immediate danger of a col
lision, when Col. Burnsido made his appcar
ance( and at his command the soldiers prompt
ly withdrew from tho vicinity of the. building,
after giving three cheers for tho Union.
Col. Burnside pointed out to the citizens
around him the difficulty of restraining so large
a' body of men when excited, and called upon
those among them harboring disloyal senti
ments not to give expression to them, or be
would not be answerable for the consequences.
Col. W. P.Maulsby also exerted himself to
calm the excitement.
The soldiers captured several secession flags
on their march hither from Hsgerstown. One
was seized upon tho premises of Mr. John
Hugan, a few miles from this city, together with
two guns and a revolver, which were found
The regiment is nO;W forming at the Fair
Grounds and it is supposed will leave the city
in a short time.
THE AMERICAN FLAO FIRED UPON.
Cincinnati, June 17. A special dispatch to
tho Commercial, from Evansville, Kentucky,
says that the steamer Sarah Kirkuan, bound
to Cincinnati and St. Louis, while backing out
of Owensboro, Kentucky, bad her flag fired
upon by secession rowdies, and completely rid
dled with bullets. Other damage was done.
TnE WnEELIKO CONVENTION SION1NQ OF TDE
WDEELINO DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE.
Wheeling, June 17. Tho Convention, to-day,
on motion of Mr. Dorsey, of Monongahela, or
dered the Declaration of Independence to a
Mr. Carlile obtained leave to report an ordi
nance, reorganizing tho financial bureau of tho
State, by which no sheriff or other depositary
of tho public funds shall be permitted, on the
penalty of loss of office, to pay any money to
the Richmond authorities, or any but the au
thorities hereafter to be provided.
Mr. Dorsey then moved that the Declaration
of Independence be put upon its passage, call
ing for tho )cas and nays, when it was unani
mously adopted yeas 6G, not a vote in'.the
Thirty members were absent on leave, and
the Declaration was signed by fifty-six, the
same number as signed our National Declara
tion of Independence.
CnAROES OF TREASON.
St. Louis, June IC Joseph W. Tucker,
editor of tho State Journal, was arrested by the
United States marshal yesterday, charged with
treason, and taken before tho United States
commissioner. He was afterwards brought be
fore Justice Treat under the writ of habeas
corpus, and admitted to bail in $10,000 to ap
pear for examination. Edward Blaunerhassett
also entered bonds to the amount of $10,000 to
appear before tho United States circuit court,
July 8. '
A New Arm. Wo yesterday witnessed the
trial of a new kind of arm, intended for the use
of merchantmen and others in protecting them
selves against tho attacks of privateers or any
enemy. The article to which wo allude is a
grenade, aud is thrown by hand in such a man
ner as to invariably strike on its point, which
causes instant explosion, and consequent de
struction of the object that it comes iu contact
with. It is of nn oval form, aud may bo any
size, from one pound up to eight. lustead of
the charge being ignited by a fuse, as is usual,
it is done by an ordinary percussion cap. The
nipple on which the cap is placed is hidden
from view, and everything is so arranged that
it is perfectly harmless, unless when intended
to be thrown. As it is necessary that tho gren
ade should always strike on its point, a vano is
affixed nt one end, which properly directs its,
course. The trial yesterday clearly shows its
advantage in preventing tho approach of boats
towards any vessel, as two or three of tho gren
ades would blow any ordinary boat to pieces.
The trial took pluce at the foot of Fifty-first
street, East river, and was witnessed by a largo
number of people, who appeared to take a deep
interest in the success of this new death-dealing
The inventor is Captain William F. Ketchum.
of Buffalo, who has connected with him Messrs.
Carhart, Necdhain & Co. He is busily engaged
ju bringing his invention before the Govern
ment, and will leave fur Washington at nnee
fnr that nurnnsa. New York Herald. lliM. '
i j - - , ..
From our Second Edition, yesterday.
THE ENGAGEMENT AT VIENNA!
Throo Companlos of the Ohio Regiment
Firing nn the Ttain ly the litbd 'i'limp '
Tlic Federal Forces Reinforced byGcn.
Killed and Wounded !
OEN.SOHENOK'S OFFICIAL REPORT.
A messenger arrived here tliii morning from
the seat of war at Vienna, ami le ported to us
the following particulars of the skirmish had
yesterday near that place :
Yesterday, the first Ohio regiment, under
command of Colonel Mcpook, of General
Scheck's command, embarked in tho Govern
ment train ruining on the Alexandria. Lon
don, and Hampshire railroad, from their en
campment (Camp Lincoln,) near the old Covlou
Factory, at 1 J o'clock P. M., for the purpose of
placing guards at the different crossings and
stations on thu road to protect them. They
landed their men at Fall's Church nnd oilier
points, and one of the trains rt turned to Alex
andria. Tho last train was hacking upon tho neigh
borhood of what is now known as Vienna sta
tion, to land the remainder of the regiment,
composed of companies G, II, and K, from
Portsmouth, Cleveland, and Zancsville, Ohio,
with General Schcnck and Colonel IcCook.
The troops were intended to be landed-ar
Vienna tb protect that point, which is, in a di
rect line from Fairfax station, by a first-rate
road, the Fairfax road, from 4 to 4 miles.
They were fired into by a masked battery from
the hill above, which is an admirable point
to fire from, and full advantage of the point
was used by the rebels. It is the highest point
in Fairfax county.
The first ball from the artillery struck the
engine, and somewhat disabled it The engine
was running at the time at a moderate speed.
An incessant firing was then kept up for some
time, when the engineer cut loose and made
his way direct to Alexandria, and communi
cated with tho commanding officer, General
Heintzelman, who, as soon as possible, sent out
during the night two trains to convoy troops to
After the engineer had departed with the en
gine,, the troops on board the train, after suffer
ing from the heavy firing, disembarked, firing
all the time, and retreated down the line within
about six miles'from Alexandria.
The steamers Philadelphia and Baltimore
left the navy yard at 3 A. M. this morning,
taking on board the seventy-first regiment, and
proceeded to Alexandria. On arriving there
they landed at the wharf, and formed for the
purpose of advancing to the support of General
Schenck. They soon, however, received word
that their services were not required, as tho
Vienna fight was over. They accordingly re
embarked on the steamers and returned to the
navy yard, arriving back at 8 A. M. As the
seventy-first left Alexandria, a train came
down from Vienna, bringing a number of killed
Tho following additional particulars, the
latest from the seat of war, baa just been re
The train bearing three companies of the
Ohio regiment, under the command of General
Schenck, having approached within range of
the guns of the masked battery of the rebels at
Vicuna, it was stopped by the engineer, when
a furious volley was opened upon them in the
cars from the battery above, killing seven of
our troops and.wounding eight or ten others.
Tho Federal forces then hurriedly disem
barked from the cars, firing a'l the while, and
hastened on a " double-quick " toward the po
sition of tho enemy; on coming within a short
distance of which, they halted and fired several
In addition to the number of our troops killed,
thirty are said to be missing, and several
It is reported that none of our troops would
have been injured had the engineer obeyed or
ders and stopped the train near an adjacent
embankment, instead of in an open field, where
they were exposed to the fire of the traitors,.
BY TELEGRAPH FROM TELEGRAPHIC
lb Lieutenant General Scott :
Left camp with six hundred aud sixty eight
rank and file, twenty-nine field and company
officers, in pursuance of General McDowell's
orders, to go upon this expedition, with the
available force of one of my regiments. The
regiment seleoted being the first Ohio volun
teers. Left two companies, (Company I and Com
pany K,) aggregate one hundred and thirty-five
men, at the crossing of the road. Sent Lieu
tenant Colonel Parrot with two companies, one
hundred and seventeen men, to Falls Church,
and to patrol roads in that direction. Sta
tioned two companies, (D and F,) one hundred
and thirty-fivo men, to guard (ho railroad and
bridge, between the crossiug and Vienna. Pro
ceeded slowly to Vienna, with four companies,
(Company E, Captain Paddock ; Company C,
Lieutenant Woodman afterwards joined by
Captain Pease Company G, Captain Barley ;
Company II, Captain Hazlett) total two hun
dred and seventy-one men.
On turning thq pufve slowly, within ono
quarter of a mile of Vicnua, they wore fired
upon by raking masked batteries of, I think,
three guns, with shells, round shot, and grape,
killing and wounding the men on tho platform
and in the cars before the train could be stop
ped. When tho train stopped, tho engineer
could not, on account of damage to some part
of the running maphhiery, draw the (rain out
of the fire.
The engine being in the rear, wo left, tho
cars and retired to right and left of train,
through the woods. Finding that the enesay's