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The national Republican. (Washington, D.C.) 1860-1862, June 21, 1861, Image 2

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Publication Officii, corner of Indus avenue and Becond
Mrcel, Dopol lor eile of papers 011 Eovcnlh atrecl, bbnoaitc
the Centralist naiw.
PUBLISHED BY L. CLEPHANE & CO.
OEORQE II. WESTOK, Editor.
NATIONAL REPUBLICAN.
Friday, June 21, 1861.
Mo advtrtjfl'miinte or noUcos, except to regular ad
vertisers, will be Inwrtcd wllhO'il payment ia adrance.
' Col. A. J. Butter, brother of the Gen
eral, armed In the"cUy"yesterday, from Fort
reai Monroe.
gy-Among lue'newly-appointed lieutenants
in the army is F. E. Browncll, the avenger of
Col. Ellsworth.
A& A court of inquiry in regard to the affair
at Great Bethel has been called for, and it is
probably on this business that Colonel Butler it
now in town.
SSf There is one placo in Virginia when
the rebels, if tliey have any confidence in thei
tactics, will make a stand. It is on tho She
nandoah ridge, and is called Grab Hun. About
all they have done hitherto is to grab nod run.
S&" It is stated that ten additional regiment
will be called from Massachusetts, fully equip
ped by the State.
Four additional Indiana regiments will be
called, for to be raised in the southern part of the
8tate.
Western Virginia. The advance of a Con
federate force from Romney, and the capturt
by itof New Creek bridge,tweuty-lbree miles wes
icJif Cumberland, on Wednesday morning, aflci
overcoming the resistance of a citizen guard d
Marylanders, seems to be well authenticated
If the last report from Grafton is correct, the
resistance of this guard was very desperate,
and very destructive to the assailants.
Our information tends to create the belief,
that the rebel force recently driven from Bom
ney towards Winchester by Col. Wallace, re
turned there with reinforcements of troopf
heretofore stationed at Harper's Ferry, and
that it is this force, thus rtiuforced, which has
advanced upon New Creek bridge and Piedmont.
A Southern report from Fort Smith.
Arkansas, states that Ben McCullough is there,
at tho head of some ten thousand troops
mostly Cherokee Indians M well armed nnd
equipped, and mounted on mustang ponies,
and that the "Banker was only awaiting the
proclamation of Gov. Jackson to march into
Missouri.
The whole number of Indians, wild and
semi-civilized, in tho Indian Territory, is about
seventy thousand, including women, children,
and slaves, of which last there are three or four
thousand.
The Choctaws and Chickasaws favor seces
sion. The Creeks and Seminoles aro said to
be opposed to it. John Ross, the principal
chief of the Cherokees, is opposed to it, and
is getting up a council of nil Uin tribes to con
sider the subject.
This story of McCullough's ten thousand
mustang mounted men, " mostly Cherokee In
dians," is a fair sample of Southern stories.
JC- A letter received in this city from one
of the central counties of Kentucky, state?
that, if the people are driven from their present
position of neutrality, there is an incicasing
determination among them to stand by the
Union at all hazards. There are no secession
ists, except a few in the towns, and as the
towns are generally small, and not more than
one, or at most two, in each connty, this class
cannot be large. Homo prominent men have
politically killed themselves and outraged the
feelings of the people, by making secession
harangues. The old story that Mr. Lincoln
intends to free the negroes, is made use of to
alarm the Union men, but without much suc
cess. The prevalent opinion Is, that no State
has had any cause to secede, and that it would
be a great piece of folly for Kentucky to fol
low South Carolina to ruin.
Missouri. The colonel commanding the na
tional forces which took possession of Jefferson
city, the capital of Misouri, forthwith assumed
the control of it by proclamation, so far as the
protection of persons and property is concerned.
Borne of the telegraphic statements of this
proclamation were so worded as to convey the
impression that he had established a provision
al government for the whole State, instead ol
for the capital merely. This is a mistake, al
though such a provisional government for the
State has become a necessity, in consequence
of the treason of Governor Jackson. Treason,
of course, vacates all offices, both in fact and
ia law.
It is reported that the Missouri Convention,
elected last winter, and which is still in legal
existence and can be called together, is looked
to, to provide for the choice of a Gonrnor to
a ipply Jackson's place.
S&" Information in military circles last
night pointed to the probability of n collision
oa the other side of tho river between the mure
advanced of our troops and a body of the
enemy more or less considerable. A report
oamo in, not entirely authenticated, that Gtn.
Beauregard in person was neon two miles be
yond Fairfax Court house, fifteen miles from
this pity. We do not apprehend that any con
siderable body of troops were with him ut that
point.
Yesterday noon tho troops pf our lino far
t'lejt in advance, wero tho first nnd secoi d
Connecticut regiments, who were under arms
"on the lino of the railway, about two miles and
a half from Fairfax Court liouso and threo or
four miles from Vienna. Tbo two Ohio regi
ments (firt and second) wore near tho Con
necticut. A general movement of the column,
of which these troops ure the vanguard, was
manifest at noon yosterday, and tioops freshly
arrived crossed tho river from this city lo day.
Troops for somo, time encamped here had
orders to hold themselves in readiness to
march, among others, tho New York twelfth
regiment.
Without indulging in conjecture, we may say
that there la nothing in the movements of yes
terday sufficient to load us to believe that any
body of troops adequate to dislodge the num
ber of the enemy said to he gathered at Manas
(as have been put In motion in the direction of
that post. We conclude, therefore, there will
be immediately no general engagement, unless
Ihe enemy shall choose 'to move from his forti
fied camp to give battle.
At noon yesterday, passes into Virginia were
withheld.by positive orders. A like order was
made at Alexandria, but later in the day it was
relaxed at that point.
No tofVlsios or Virginia. The telegraphic
statement that tho Wheeling Convention had
adopted a " Declaration of Independence," has
misled some of our cotemporaries into the be
lief that the Convention had resolved upon a
separation of Western Virginia from the re
maiuderof the State. This is a mistake. What
as called in tho telegraphio reports a "Decla
ration of Independence," was not a declaration
of secession from Virginia, but of resistance, to
thu usurping cabal at Richmond.
The Wheeling Convention has provided a
Government for a whole State.
Ihe Governor and other State officers are to
be chosen, provisionally, by tho Convention
itself.
The legislative power is declared to be vested
in those Senators and Representatives chosen
at the regular election of May 23, who will take
an oath of allegiance to tho United States.
This Legislature, thus purged of traitors by
i test oath, will soon meet at Wheeling, and
-omplete tho organization of the State Govern
oiei t.
This State Government, so organized, will
be the one recognized by the Administration
ind by the country, and will be soon installed
in Richmond.
The' late Governor Letcher, who abdicated
by turning traitor, will be driven out of the
State which he so basely betrayed into the hands
of a foreign conspiracy.
TriE Negroes. A Fortress Monroe corrcf.
pondent of the New York Tribune, writing
June 17, says':
" Negroes continue to come into the fortress,
and the uhole country around is full of them,
at Itbeity to go and come just as they choose."
In front of our lines, across tho Potomac
from this city, the number of slaves who run
away is not so great as the number of those
whose masters rnn away, or whose masters tell
their slaves to shift for themselves. The article
has ceased to havo a market price, and can
hardly be so managed as to produce an income.
Virginians who can move South with their
slave property are doing so in large numbers,
but the number of Virginia slaveholders who
cannot movo South is still larger. This latter
class cannot now sell slaves at tho South, where
there is neither demand or means of payment,
and, us our armies advance, these slaves will
run nway, or be abandoned by their masters.
Ihe thing is inevitable.
COLONIZING THE BLACKS.
It is probable that Congress, at its approach
ing session, will place means in the hands of
the President for the colonization in Hayti,
and elsewhere, of such of our colored people
as may desire to emigrate. Such a measure
seems to bo demanded by the new exigencies.
At it would only contemplate tho aiding o
voluntary emigration, it would be desired by
the blacks, while it would quiet any sensitive
ness in relation to a too sudden and great in
crease of our free negro population. No ques
tion of constitutionality can be raised, as the
war power covers the case.
Of course, large discretion must bo left to,
the President as to the place, or places, to be
colonized. Available places are numerousand
not remote. Hayti alone would perhaps be
able to receive all the colonists who would
offer themselves.
The expense would not be formidable. From
military " lines " established 'Hear Charleston,
Savannah, Mobile, New Orleans, ic, into
which the contraband negroes would flock,
they might be "sluiced off" to St, Domingo,
or Central America, with great rapidity and
economy.
This is upon the supposition that it becomes
necessary to carry this war to the Gulf, us must
be the case if the traitors continue obstinate.
But even if the war terminates with the pacifi
cation of Virginia, the number of negroes de
siring to be colouized must be large enough to
require national interposition.
PAPER MONEY CONFISCATION.
At a meeting, June 7, at Atlanta, (Georgia,)
of representatives of nearly all the Southern
railroads, it was agreed to receive for fares and
freight, the treasury notes of tho Confederate
St ues.
Minyof the banks had already agreed to
receive and pay out tho same notes as currency.
Thu policy is, tp make them the common cir
culating medium of the seceded region. In no
possible event have they any intrinsic value.
Even if the Confederacy establishes its, inde
pendence, these notes will he left unpaid, like
the old continental money. In addition to the
separate debts of the several States, tho Con
federal, y, not yet six months old, has authorized
a debt ot suti-tivo millions, a sum upon which
the seceded region, reduced as it is to utter
poverty, can never pay the interest. And this
sum must be increased as the war goes on.
Government paper money, never intended to
be redeemed, is only another form of taxation
and confiscation. Aud it is the most searching
and comprehensive of all tho furms by which
tho property of nations is converted to the uso
of their rulers. Nothing escapes it. To refuso
this paper inoiipy, is punished as treason. Ev
ery man who has a spare horse, or mule, or
beef creature, or bushel of graiu, or anjthing
available for the army, must turn it out, and
take treasury notes. Soldieis must take their pay
in treasury notes. Railroads muU transport
troops for treasury notes. Everything convert
ible goes to the use of the Government, nnd
nothing is left to the citizen hut treasury notes.
We suppose that "Black Republicanism" is
something very hideous to Southern imagina
tions, but they will find the Teality of Jeff. Da
vis's Government immeasurably worse.
A COMPLAINING CORRESPONDENT.
We are not able to discover that any advice
is given to the Administration in the following
communication, which it ought to follow, which
varits atall from the line ofr policy it has al
ready announced, And Is already acting upon.
It refuses, to surrender to rebel. masters in, se
ceded States, escaping slaves, and that is all
which our complaining correspondent scms to
ask.
As to tho colonization of the negroes, we be
lieve it to bowise, bnt it can only bo authorized
by Congress.
As to the surrender of staves at Annapolis
by General Butler, it was the act of that officer,
not of the Administration. But we beliovo it
totiave been correct in point of constitutional
principle, nnd have always defended it. It was
no surrender of slaves to " rebel masters in
arms." Nobody was in arms against the Gov
ernment at Annapolis, and there has never been
a day when that was not a loyal city. Neither
had Maryland seceded from the Union.
If we treat seceded and nou seceded States
in the same way what inducement is there to
be loyal ?
i If slaveholders who adhere to the Union are
to fare no belter than those who turn" traitors,
what is to restrain any of them from fuming
traitors? Nay, more, if States which adhero to
the Union aro despoiled of their slaves, con
trary to the guaranties of the Constitution, have
they not a very great justification for going into
rebellion ?
It is easy to find fault, but we abide by the
opinion, that the policy of the Administration
in respect to escaped slaves, as expressed in
General Cameron's memorable letter to Gen
eral Butler, and which letter may well be as
sumed to havo been critically considered by the
President and tho whole Cabinet, was exactly
right, not only in what it decided, but in what
it postponed for a future decision.
It simply directed tho non delivery of slaves
escaping into our lines within the seceded re
gion, without holding out any promises to tho
slaves which could be complained of as stimu
lating them to run nway, and without any com'
mitments as to their future disposition, which
would fetter the discretion of tho legislative
power of the Congress which isaboutto assemble.
This letter of General Cameron was, in short,
decisive, wheru it ought to have been decisive,
and prudent aud reserved, where those charac
teristics were required. If it could be improved
upon, we are at a loss to know in what par
ticular. For tbo Xatlooal Republican .
AN OPINION FOR THE ADMINISTRA
TION. Tho correspondent of tbo Now York Tribune
writes from this city, that "an expression of
opinion from the country is needed for the guid
uuco of the Administration" upon the question
as to what shall be done with the staves of
rebels, who are flocking to the camps of our
troops.
Now, I am not only a Union man, but an
ardent supporter of the Administration ; still, I
agree most fully with the Tribune correspon
dent, that the Administration docs need an ex
pression of opinion from the country, not only
on this, but also on several other equally im
portant subjects; and, as one of the people,
who ha's travelled through nearly all the North
ern -and Western States, since the rebellion
began, nnd have had a good opportunity to as
certain the public sentiment on theso questions,
I desire to give an expression of the people's
opinion, on behalf of myself and those who
think as I do.
We hold, as I understand the Government
does, that whoever refuses to obey the laws of
tne lana, ana me regularly constitnted authori
ties, is a rebel; aud that, whoever" "levies war
agajnel the Government, or adheres to its ene
mies, giving them aid and comfort," is a traitor,
'guilty of Ireaton. Every loyal citizen is enti
tled to the protection ,of the Government,
especially in personal freedom, aud the posses
sion of property, and equally plain and well
settled is (he fact, that when citizens delibe
rately become rebels and traitors, they forfeit
alike their rights of protection, property, and
life.
Now, if those who are carrying on this war
against the Government, art rebels and traitors,
as we hold they are. and as we understand the
Government also to hold, the o'ly thing fur the
Government to do, is to treat them as such I
This the country DEMANDS and the sooner
this Administration becomes satisfied of that
(act, and acts vpon it, the better. Acting upon
this supposition, or premise, there certainly
need bo no difficulty in settliug the question as
to what Bhall be done with the slaves held by
rebels, and now escaping to our camps. So
far as the masters are concerned, treat them
tho 'slaves as property, and conjlscate Vtem,
So far as tho slaves are concerned, treat them
as mm, and put them to work in whatever ca
paoity they can be best used. The women and
children can perforin good service as servants,
cooks, and nurses, while the men can be em
ployed in throwing up entrenchments, ftc
Then, when not needed for this service, let the
men be armed, and made to assist m quelling
the rebellion, and executing traitors. Under
stand me. I advocate no servile insurrection
no turning of the in loose to wreak their ven
geance upon their masters, or commit depre
dations of any kind; but I would have them
armed, disciplined, controlled, and allowed to
assist in the fighting, It is eminently proper
and just that tbo slaves themselves should
be allowed to put down a rebellion gotten up
for no other purpose than the perpetuation and
extension of slavery.
What shall be done with them when the war
is over, is another question, but not a difficult
ono by any uicups. They should be manumitted
and colonized, cither upon our Southwestern
lrontler, or, better still, in some portion of Cen
tral America, hereafter to be acquired for that
purpose. The mutual benefits to be derived
from this last operation of planting them as a
colony in tho tropics, where they can raise cot
ton, sugar, fec, lor us, in exchange for our
manufactures, thus also creating business for
our ships, is too apparent to need elucidation
hers.
But. while ligidly adhering to this rule of con
fiscating the slaves of rebel masters, by no means
should those of loyal citizens ho in any manner
interfered with. If the quiet and prosperity
of the nation demand that all slaves shall ul
timately be dispensed with, and tho causo of
our present troubles be eutirely wiped out and
(jbutLrntprl from thn fnrn nf flip lnnrl. tt rnn tin
done in a legal, quiet, and honorable manner, '
MVtjT)l IWIIllfcw
after tho war is over. Oice to every loyal citi
ten the full Umjlt and protection of the Con
stitu lion and the litics ; nnd give first n fully
to eveiy rebel and traitor the j unishnunt pio
tided hy the Constitution and. the laws as the
penally of their ci ijijm. (
The '2d chime of Section 3d, article 3, of th"
Constitution, ghesuo Congress the power to
"regulate the panithinentw treason." Under
that provision, the first act of Congress ought
to be a law fortho confiscation and seizure of
all property belonging to rebels, of whatever
kind and wherever found. This uroDertv should
couslitule ogrand irtiUpjut of which trmlebtr
itiiuio a granu 'una, out 01 wnicn me aeotr
Northern creditors, now confiscated) the
ill, should, bej.paidt If nj; ljtV-and
e would bo millions' worth it should be
due -Tsorlnetti credit
rtDeii
there
used.forreiruburelng the nation fur.the, loss and,
expenses induced by tho war. Let the Uovern
meat openly adopt and' strictly adhere to this
policy, and the work of quelling the rebellion
will be accomplished with half tho expenditure
of time and money that it can otherwise be. If
the Administration wants examples and prece
dents, it can find them, and that, too, without
going beyond the history of; oar own country.
General Jackson was not troubled to know'
what to do with the slaves, or other property
of rebels, at New Orleans, nor with the rebels
themselves, when once in his power. If the
Administration, and thoso in authority nnder
them, wonld but imitate his example a little
more, they would act far more in accordance
with the ''opinions of tho people." Zfadid not
wait for an expression ot tlioir opiniou, by any
means. On tho contrary, his language and his
acts were " I, sir, l take the responsibility."
" The Union, it must and shall be preserved,"
was his doctrine, and whatever was uecossary
to accomplish that result, he did, without
waiting to feel the public pulse or ask any
one's opinion. i
Above all, we don't want any more return of
slaves to rebels in arms against the Government,
as was the case with Gen. Butler at Annapolis.)
The rebels 'have created this war, and they
should ba made to feel its evils in every possi
ble manner. Men canuot repudiate the laws
of the land, and at the same time claim the
benefit of tho self-same laws. The fugitive slave
law, and the provision of the Constitution' for
.the return of fugitives, were made for the bene
fit of loyal citizens, and not for rebels in arms
against the Government. Among other rea
sons urged against receiving these slaves, I hear,
is, that it is becoming expensive to feed them.
'That is an additional reason why they should
at once be placed in the army. It costs no
more to Iced a black soldier than it does a
white one, and if any body is to be killed, cer
tainly the life of a loyal white man is of far more
consequence to the country than that of a slave.
Besides, as these chivalrous Southrons object to
fightiucr ihe "mud sills." 'frrreaav mechanic's."
and "small-fisted farmers " of the North, it is
highly proper that they should be confronted
by their equals, and especially those for whose
iompany they manifest such a fondness I
Ibere is not a Government m the world that
would hesitate for a moment, in matters of this
kind, under similar tircumstuuees. I can as
sure the Administration that it is a long way
behind " pnblic opinion " among loyal citinens
on this subject. Union.
Washington, June 17M, 1801.
Interesting pnbsi Fort Pickens. Extract
from n private letter dated United States ship
Sabine, off Fort l'id;enr, Florida, June (Jib :
The steamer South Carolina, from Boston, ar
rived here yesterday afternoon. Tho steamers
Moilnt Vernon and Parkersbnrg, from New
York, arrived here on the 29th of May the
latter vessel loaded with fresh provisions for the
fleet, We have over a hundred hogs and as
many sheep on tho island belonging to us, and
by the time that we finish tiicu ihra will be
another supply.
We have been bnsy for thu last month dis
charging transport! loaded with guns, shot,
shell, &c , for Fort Pickens, as well as an um
ber of columblads and largo rooilars, They
are all mountod, and everything is in worklug
order. Fort Pickens cannot be taken, and
Colonel Brown says lhat there will not bo ten
men killed in the fort when 'tho fight takes
place. Tho whole hland, from the fort to the
navy yard, is ono mass of battciies, comprising
guns of tbo largest calibre. The Sabine Is to
have a battery pf columbiads.
OFFICIAL.
Department op State,
June 20, 1860.
It is expected that, hereafter, any passport
which may be issued by a diplomatic agent ac
credited to this Government, or by any consular
authority whatsoever, either to a person about
to proceed beyond the lines of the United States
forces, or to a foreign country, will be counter
signed by the Secretary of State.
William H. Seward.
. i '
LANDLORD'S SALE.
BY virtue of a warrant of distress. Issued at
the suit of Moo-e and Cissel, agents for E.
0. Adams, against the goods and chattels, lands
and tenements, of II, Straus, to me directed, I
have seized and taken In distress all the estate,
r'ght, title, Interest, property, claim, aid demand
at law and In equity of the said H. Htraus. in
aud to all tho stock of ready-made clothing con
tained In a first-class clothier, to wit: Ooats,
vests, pan!shaU, caps, shirts, hosiery, cravats,
umbrellas, gloves, shuwls, shelves, counters,
together with a large quantity of ready-made
clothing too numerous to particularize : f here
by give police thut on Thursday morning, the
20iu Instant, nt 10 p'tlock A. M., I will otlcr for
sale the said properly, so seized und taken in
distress, hy publlo auction, to the highest bid
der, for cash, en the pre m'aes, on Seventh street,
No. 38 J, between U nnd I streets.
Tho flag will designate the place.
JOSEPH F KELLEY, Bailiff.
Washington, D, O., Junt 18, 1861.
June ltf
The above sals will take place to-day, the 31st
instant, at same hour and place
IV.OTICE is hereby given that tho rents of all
L bull ins hired by me for the use of troops,
ttc, i jr ine munius oi April ana May, will ue paid
at the office of the Ohlcl Assistant Quartermas
ter. E. E. OAMP,
June 10 dt A. A. Q. M. U. 8. A.
E. WHEELER,
AOIMT TOR THE SALE Of AMERICAN AND fOSIION
HARDWARE.
ATo. 07 Zouhiomo av., oppottft Hank of Washington.
BAR, Sheet, and Hoop Iron) Horse-shoe Iron,
Norway Nail Rods, Burden's Patent Horse
Shoes, Horse-shoe Nails ; Oast, bhear, and (Uls
ter Steel Anvils, Bellows, and Vices ; Sheet
Lead, liar Lead, and Lead Pipe; Leaded Roof
ing Tin i Bright Tin of all kinds Block Tin,
Zinc, nnd Copper; Iron, Brass, and Copper Wlro.
Carriage Bows und Curtuin Canvas, Hubs,
Bpokes, Rims, and Axles, Locks, Hinges, Screws,
Nails, Brads, Sash Weights, Bash Cord, Pullevs,
Planes, Saws, Chisels, Files, Boring nnd Mortice
Machine?, unci Grindstones, Axes, Shovels, Spades,
Rakes, Forks, ic.
DEPOT FOR PLANT'S NEW PATENT
BLIND HINGE.
All lit the lowest prices for Cash, or to punc
tual customers on short credit. nov 26
THE SITUATION T5VER THE
RIVER. ""
Connecticut and Ohio in the Advance !
0UE PICKETS ASSAILED!
i 'v- v
TWO CONNECTICUT MEN TAKENl
THE LINES DRAWING TOGETHER 1
-ReconrToissanco-in a Balloon
' Fairfax County Dotted with 'Troops !
"OADWALLADBR'S COMMAND SUPPOSED
. TO BG SEEN I -.
LATEST FROM MISSOURI.
THE BATTLE' AT B00NVIL1E!
From Northwestern Virginia I
STUBBORN 8TAND OF LOYAL MARYLAND I
LATER FROM EUROPE.
FROM OVER THE RIVER.
Falls, Cuuhch, June 20, 1861,
Editor Republicans We are right in the
midst of the enemy. The second Connecticut
regiment, under command of Lieutenant Col
onel David S. Young, (Cblonel Terry being
sick and in hospital at Washington,) is the ad
vance guard ticxtis the first Connecticut reg
iment, Colonel Burnham ) nex't is the first aud
second Ohio regtmdhts, Colonels McCook'and
Wilson. Generals Tyler, of Connecticut, and
Schenck, of Ohio, are also in command. Gen
eral McDowell returned to Arlington last night.
Two of our men weretaken'yesterday. They
wero on pipket-guard, went outside, and were
taken. One was sergeant in company B, Cap
tain Chester, and pno a corporal in company
D, -Captain Russell.
It is reported that Colonel Hardee is this
side of Fairfax Court house with batteries, fonr
hundred cavalry, ic. We are momentarily ex
pecting an attack.
Men pass freely through our lines into the
onemy's quarters. This is wrong. They will
have no trouble in finding out our plans.
TPK ENEMY'S FORCES I tf FAIRFAX COUNT! HOW
TUET LOOK TO A MAN UP IN THE AIR.
A reconnolssanoe was had of the lines on tho
opposite side of the'river by balloon.
Professor Lowe ascended from the grounds
of the President's House nt four o'clock.
A light northerly wind prevailed, and tho
balloon, with 4 rope and telegraphic wire at
tached, floated gently across the river, attain
ing a considerable altitude.
Several dispatches wero sent down to tho
War Department during the flight of the bal
loon. Professor Lowe, on his roturn to solid earth,
reported in person at the War Department the
result of bis observations.
The country beyond our lines seemed to be
dotted over with the enemy's troops. At seve
ral poiats they appeared in considerable num
bers. Far on the horizon, to the westward, could
be seen a largo body of troops, which the Pro.i
feasor took to be a portion of Cadwallader's
command. It is suggested that there may be
tt portion pf Gen, Johnston's (rebel) forces
moved from Harper's Ferry.
The details of Professor Lowe's observations
we omit. They are particularly interesting to
thoso who have made the district which ho re
connoitered a subject of military study.
, INTELLIGENCE FROM MISSOURI.
Jefferson City, June 19. People living near
Syracuse have arrived here to day, saying that
600 State troops, retreating from Booneville,
with six pieces of cannon, reached Syracuse
yesterday. They said they were going to draft
men from that neighborhood, and would tako
atleast every one who could furnish a horse.
Theie are various reports as to the number
killed at Booneville. Tho probabilities are
that about 100 were killed. There is no pos
sible doubt that a battle was fought, and the)
State forces completely routed ; but the tele
graph being out of order between .here and
Booneville, entirely accurate accounts cannot
be obtained. -
COLONEL CDRTIS'S KEGIMEKT.
Chicago, June 19. The Tribune has intelli
gence that Colonel Cnrtis's second Iowa regi
ment, learning that tho secessionists at Savan
nah, Missouri, thirty miles north of St. Joseph,
had driven out or imprisoned all the Union men
in the town, went on Monday with 400 troops,
and, after a slight skirmish, in which two rebels
were killed, put things to rights by disarming
tho secessionists, und giving their muskets to
Union men.
BUHKIKO or NEW CHECK DRIDOE PIEDMONT
tlCCUFIED BY CFEDERATE TROOPS.
Qrofton, June 19. Tho Confederate forces
from itomuey burnt the railroad bridge over
New Creek, twenty three miles west of Cum
berland, early this morning, uud marched on to
Piedmont, five miles further west, which place
they now hold.
The telegraph wires east of Piedmont wero
cut by Conlederates, Their number is variously
estimated at from two to four thousand. No
tice was given qf thefr approach to tho town,
and tho citizens were preparing to leave when
our informant left. AH the engines belonging to
the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company wero
fired up and sent west to Grafton.
The greatest excitement iirevailed. A com
pany of litizen soldiers, who were guarding
tho bridge, are reported to havo been fired upon
and killed.
On thu approach of tho secessionists, the
Piedmont operator closed the telegraph office
and fled, and no have no means of ascertaining
what damage is being done. Communication
by railroad between this placo and Cumberland
is now cut off.
WISTElltf VIRUIMA CONVENTION.
Wheeling, June 19. The State Convention
to day adopted, by a vote of 73 to 3, an ordl
nancp providing for the reorganization of the
State Government, obliging every officer to
swear allegiance anew to tho United States, and
repudiate the Richmond Convention.
The next business is to choose a Governor
and Council. A new Stato seul has been or
dered. GOVERNOR OP WESTERN VIRGINIA.
Wheeling, June 19. Frank 1'ierpont, of
Marlon couuty, was unanimously nominated for
Governor by the Western Virginia Convention,
iu caucus, to-night.
REINrORCElfiNT OT TUG COHFERa'tR TROOPS
IN WESTERN VI1101N1A.
Ornfton, June 19. Information, tlionht to
be reliable, soys t) nhficeu hm dred Confede
rate troops arc in thotipfglihorhnoil of Huvcrly
and Phillippi, nnd that riil attack will hu made
on the latter pliv. c.
There can be no doubt that thu Confederates
in Western Virginia have been largely rein
forci d, and soon u grand moveinenl is contem
plated. The Ftdernl troops will be equal to
any emergency, nnd large reiiiforcomeu's will
probably reach here in a few dais. A force
-sufficient' to uard the Cheat River bridge has
been sent forwurd from here
rROltWlSTBli YIROIXJA.
Qrafton, June 18. A man leached hero to
day from Richmond; after a" lon)ntid tedious
journey through h iutoriot pf the Stato. He
reports thol tbo general ilurircssUt 'along his
route and claimed to be founded on reliable
information is, that largo reinforcements for
the rebl nrmj would be sent into Western Vir
ginia IninfAliatelvl 1 hey were pressing all the
men into the ranks.
A report was brought here today th-it ex
Congrcksmnn Guruett hud superceded Colonel
Portnhld in'eoiumaiid of the rebel tinops, nnd
was then at Hattonsville, about uxty miles from
heie. It was also rumored that General Wise
wnj about Bticngthpiiiipg- the forces at thnt point.
The truth will probably bo ascertained to mor
row. Grdftdn, June 20. Further parlieularshavo
been received Iroui Piedmont, The Confederate
forco which mcupied that place jeateiday is
four thousand sluing.
The affair at New Creek bridgo .appears to
havo, bcui quite bloody. Thu bridgo was
guarded, as before stated, by a guard of forty
Marylanders, from Cumberland, under Capt.
Rcily, who had planted nt the bridge ono piece
of artillery. They mot the approach of tho
Confederates with a raking 6re, mowing them
down like grass. .
This continued till the gunners were all
killed, pud the bravo littlo hand were cut to
pieces by overpowering numbers, two only
escaping. The Confederates are said to have
suffered terribly from the fire of the Mary
lander. Lieut Col. Thompson, of the Confederate
army, has been captured by United States
scouts near Phillippi.
Col. Keltcy is slowly regaining his strength.
FROU KANSAS.
Chicago, June 18. A correspondent of the
Leavenworth Conservative, writing from Kansas
City, Friday, says that yesterday two companies
of cavalrv and one of dragoons wero sent to
ward Independence. They went within two
and a half miles of that place, when they came
upon a body of rebels, numbering 1,000 or
2,000. Tho officers of tho regular force were
holding a parley, when the rebels fired upon the
troops, wounding one man. Another soldier
had his shoulder crushed in the retreat.
An express arrived from Independence at
Kansas City, at ten o'clock Friday morning.
By it we learn that Captain Holloway, chief of
the rebel forces, was killed by his own men, ac
cidentally, together with fourteen men, in tho
fire on he regular troops yesterday.
It seems that, whilo the officers of the regu
lars were holding a parley with the rebels, tho
latter attempted to outflank tho regulars, but
did not succeed. The regulars retired in good
order.
Tho rebels had seven pieces of eannou in
sight, and fired a few ronnds. But one shot
was fired by our troops, as they.did hot go pre
pared to fight so large a body. '
THE CONFEDERATE ACCOONT OF THE AFFAIR AT
VIENNA.
Alexandria, Jane 19. The secession account
of the recent nfl'uir nt Vienna was received here
to-day, from which it appears that the battery
consisted only of two small brass six pounders,
worked by an Alexandria artillery company of
34 men. under Lieut. T. StAnrt. f,.rmrV nr
the U. 8. army.
Iwo companies of South Carolina troops
were in ambuscade at a quaiter of a mile off,
to render os&istnnen. if npfncaarv TkADa n-:i.
lerymen were posted at this point soon after
,iuc uuuurvuvui rxiui,iuiii oi ounuay returned,
with instructions to fire on the next train and
then retire. The Confederates say they suc
ceeded in carrying off two wagon loads of arms
and sixty blankets, aud in burning a baggage
car, three gondolas, and a lot of carpenter's
tools.
SENATOR JOHNSON STILL FOR THE ONION.
Lexington, June 19. Senator Andrew John
ison, of Tennessee, en route for Washington,
mftflft n. flnnofin harn trio J ninlil IiaUa a ....
large audience. lie declared himself as a posi
...t, WH.VUUIUUUBI uuiuu iuuu, uuu iu lavor OI
the maintenance of the Geneial Government.
East TennpRKpp. ha Rnift wmilit n.M. l.miA lit-
Union if the people could be armed to prevent
ineir suujuganon.
LATER FROU EUROPE.
New York; June 20. The steamer Africa
has arrived, with Liverpool advices, of the 9th
instant.
Tho Africa brings 65,000 in specie.
Ill tllrt Hritiah Finnan fP Pnmntnnn T rt-,1
John ltussell. in reply to an inquiry whether
tlirl int.rmAtinn nf .!.... 1.. a a i I ...!.
prizes into British ports was according to for
mer Tiraetirp. Aald that. Ilip Onpnn'a A1W..1J.
;- 1 , -- - -- -t-w.. w a.u win..; a
opiuion was favorable to the right of iuterdio-
iiwu, nuitu wuo mi, ui uuiiuus gave 10 every
power. Hence, Government had issued the
prohibition.
Mr. Gregory was appealed to to postpone his
mntinn in fpfprpn'a tn n "n-mn HUnAn:tM
of thft finnthprn Cnntt.il am r.v " M. ont.l l.ta
only motive was to make a fair statement of
the Southern Bide of tho question. At tho
wish of tho House, however, ba assented, and
his motion was postponed sine die.
It was reported that the United States Gov
ernment orders for 73,000 muskets, had reached
Frankfort. Tho Southern commissioners wero
also expected in Germany, with a similar ob
ject. The obsequies of Count Cavour took placo
on the 7th, with almost royal pomp.
Garibaldi is also reported to bo seriously ill
at Catirera. The Pope is likewise indisposed.
It is reported that the Kmperor Napoleon
has interdicted Piiuco Napoleon from visiting
the United States, but hu will visit Canada.
Tho collection of taxes on Hungary, by mill
taiy execution, was being cuiricd out with the
gieateet seventy.
THE BLOCKADE AT NtW ORLEANS.
New Orleans, June 18. Tho ships National,
AJncana, and J. S. Parsons, all bound lor Liv
erpool, havo crossed tho bar safely the past
week, nnd proceeded to their destination. Tho
only vessels remaining iuBido tho bar aro the
Alhamlia, bound for Gcuoa, aud tho Vigilant,
bound for Bordeaux, which vessels, it is be
lieved will be permitted to sail as soon ns thera
i3 sufficient depth of water to enable them to
do so.
The nccouuts respecting the growing cotton
are somewhat conflicting, but generally they
nrp nf fnvnrnhlrt nn.tnrp Tim n!t!mn,A .a11
however, must exhibit a material falling off,
even ui cuiujmrcu wun me reuueeu crop OI tut
present year.
Tho exports of foreign ports last week cotu

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