Newspaper Page Text
Published Daily, Sunday Excepted,
ifY W. J MUHTAOH 4 CO.
SOT The publication nffloe of the Natiomll
Itrpublican Is Hi the northeast oorner of D himI
.-seventh street, seooud floor, over W. D. Bhsp
nerd's store. Entranoe on 8Tnth street.
Tuesday, Deceafcer 3, 1851.
- Hearting lias
r on every page.-f
To ConntspoxDKKTS. No attention will be
paid to anonymous communications.
OovORfcu Ykstkudiv. -Contrary to gem-rnl
expectation, the President's message will n t
be delivered until to day.
In the Senate, Mr. Powell, of Kentucky, ap
peared and took bis seat. Neither of the Sen
ators from Missouri was presnt.
In the House, tha cues of Mr. Foster ami
Mr. Segar, claiming seats from North Carolina
and Virginia, were referred to the Commi tee
The several resolutions proposed In the Sen
ate and House, looking to the emancipation of
the slaves of rebels, (and one of them to unl
versal emancipation,) will be noted with pro
found Interest, as significant signs of the Urn s.
OontDK. See outside for several items f
news, Including accounts or the capture and
burning of the Harvey Birch, by the rubrl
steamer Nashville. This affair has produced
considerable excitement in New York. The
insurance companies, always ready to turn an
honest penny, propose to charge five per cent.
as an Insurance for war risks between New
York and Europe. If they cm find fools to
pay It, it will be an operation worthy of the
palmiest days of Wall street.
Tn ScrnxMB Cocrt. The Supreme Coutt
of the United States assembled at noon yi st. r
day. Present, Chief Justice Taney and Asso
elates Clifford, Greer, Wayne, and Catron.
Without doing any business, the court ad
OHKAP COTTON BY FACE LUDOU.
The above is the title of a pamphlet of flfiy
two pages, Issued In Boston during the pat
summer by " A Cotton Manufacturer," Edward
Atkinson. He treats the subject from the point
of view of his buflo;ss as a consumer of cottou,
and the considerations which he presents are
entitled to have and will have groat weight In
forming public opinion upon pending qw"
(Ions. The style of this pamphlet is in itself so con
densed, that we can hardly present a summitry
of It. But its leading ideas are that free while
labor is perfectly adapted to the cotton cult!
vatlon in the climates In which cotton Is pro
duced in this country; that it U a cultivation
which, at the price of ten cents per pouod for
cotton, would afford to such labor much higher
wages than It receives in the general agricul
tural pursuits of the free States; an I that it In
esentlal, in order that colon may be prodnc
ed in this country, upon a scale increasing with
the increasing rate of consumption, that Irw
white labor should be employed In It. Upon
the basis of these ideas, Mr. Atkinson proposes,
as a practical measure, that Texis should be
dedicated to free white labor, by a decree of
exu .cipatlon (to embrace incidentally the In
dian territory west of Arkansas,) and by a new-
measure of " annexation," in the form of a rill
road from St. Joseph (Missouri) to Galveston,
whloh would complete the circle of freedom
and civilization from the Lakes to the Gulf.
Upon the point of the adaptation of white
labor to (be climates in which cotton is pro
duced, Mr. Atkinson cites the facts that vast
numbers of whltetfaro now actually employed
In those climates, either in the cultivation ot
cotton, or in other agricultural or outdoor pur
suits, and that the rate of mortality among
them Is less than either at the North or West
And he calls particular attention to other facts,
vie: that the most pressing period in tlio pro
ductlon of cotton, that ot picking, is in the fall
months, and that the labor of preparing the
ground and planting it Is done in the winter
and spring months, leaving little or no labor
required during the sweltering heats of sum
mer, during which some of the heaviest operu
tions of Northorn agriculture are necessarily
Mr. Atkinson shows that cotton at ten cents
per pound would pay free whlia laborers
twenty dollars per month with boaid, iiwl.Mrt
of from eleven to fourteen, which they nnv
itceive in the free States, and that plantu
actually pay at that rate, in the oot of slaw
labor, Including in it interest upon the capital
invested in the ownership of it.
That slave labor, unless augmented by lb
African slave trudu, cannot produce cottou in
this country in quantities Increasing with tuo
increasing demand for It, is rbown by the aug
mentation of the price of the article of late
years, and by the intlitlo . of thi price of ne
grooi, which had been constant down to th.
breaking out of the present civil war. He
states, in this connection, that a mill wl.li
40.00U spindles will consume, annually, 8,000
bales of cotton, which rsqulre for their pro
duc'ion a capital, in land and slaves, of $1,450,
000 ; that within two years prior to the rebel
lion, the equivalent of ten such mills has been
put in operation at the North, and of certainly
tlfty, and probably on hundred tnch inilln In
England. The necessary effect of this activity
of manufacturing industry, has bleu to swell
the fortunes of negro owners, who have thus far
been ablo to exclude freemeo from the cottuu
Held, one of the most profitable thuatres ol
If only a portion of the South Is to be rid ul
slavery by the progress of this war, Mr. At
kinson deems Texas u much more deslrabl
acquisition for free labor, than either the bordi r
slave States cr the old cotton States. That
view Is clearly correct, uod is ol vital iinpori
ance In determioUg the national policy, ll
we merely recover Maryland, Kentucky and
Mlkoouri from slavery, we still leave to It that
monopoly, In this country, of certain great
staples, upod which Its pecuniary uud poll'ical
jiowrr depdnds, acd wo still leave to it the
possibility of expansion on the side of Mexico,
It la In Texas that we can deal It a death-blow,
We annex some brief extracts from Mr. At-
ktnson's pamphlet :
We may safely, although unwillingly, abate
our opposition to slavery as a national slu,
provided an opportunity shall be given to trs
its duration by the unerrintr action of nimtiil
political economy, the Dractical annlloitlnn of
ClnA'm Alarnal tuallna lt.t ... .. -I.
uuu v..v.uh. juqiacr, TfUlbU UU WUm 1111
But where Is the opportunity? Every acre
oi cnuon aua sugar tana is monopolized and
ciirs-d by slavery.
Let It then be the policy of the Government.
if immediate emancipation Is not the result of
the present struggle, at least to prepare the
way for the overthrow of slavery by the com
petition of free labor upon the fertile soil ol
Texas. Texas contains ten million acres of
tue best cotton land in the country, capable of
prnuucinB ten to mieen million bales otootton.
Let the laboring men of the country demand
mai mey snail nave a snare in tnis most profit
aoie Drancn oi ntrncuiture. Texas has nnw
420,000 free white inhabitants and only 180,000
s'aves: make It a free State, and slavery will
be hemmed in upon the South, and all flllbu'-
tering expeditions will be ended forever. To
purchase all the slaves therein at $500 each,
woum cost out vu,uuu,uuu.
If it Is true that free labor is cheaper than
slave labor, If It Is true that free-grown cotton
will drive slave crown cotton from the market.
then is this the true method of ending the
whole question; for no one believes that slavery
would la-t a momsnt In any of the old slave
States, If It were rendered unprofitable to the
owners oi tne naves.
Texas contains cotton and mgir land enongS
to mpply three times the entire crop now
raised In this country, and If It Is true that free
labor can produce these great staples at the
cueapesi rate, men win slavery ena, ma law
of competition Is Inexorable,
navo not the laborers of the free States a
right to demand the extension of freedom over
at least portlcn of the coltpn and sugar lands
oi tno country, to compensate tnem for tne
hardships and poverty they will have 'been
called upon to bear by the effort of the slave
ouearcliy to extend slavery!
Have not the cotton spinners of the world
the right to say to the slaveholder: You have
proved by the experlncs of the last few years
that with your slave labor you cannot give ns
cotton enough; wd must try free labor and s-e
if that be foutd wanting?
It may be argued that there Is no constitu
tional power to emancipate the slaves In Texa.
even it compensation is granted; but let It not
be torgottrn that this most ungrateful State
ha utterly repudiated the Constitution, and
would seek theullinnceof foreign enimles, even
savages; and that there Is the greatest reason
for Hpplylnsr martial law, and crippling her
rttources lor the present by confiscating her
slaves, because sh .' Is the only State in the
Sou hern Couf doncy which can supply their
i-m'es with salt 'meats, without which they
cannot bi kepi in the fl-dd. ...
I.t then Texas bo made free,
Lt nrruneeinents h' completed by the pur
chi'e and rxtlncilon of the title ot the Indians
to the territory lying between Texas and Kan
sas, and that territory prepared for a free
Let a grant ol lands be made for the pur
nose of building a railroad from St. Joseph,
Missouri, via Lawrence, across the fertile cot
ton lands of the Arkansas and Red Rivers to
thi wheat lands of northeastern Texas; thenoe
iiMwn tne valley oi mo uriiios River, through
Ihe best lmd-. In Texas, to Galveston, (a dis-
iaoc id only about COO miles, by which Gal
ves'on would be brought within four or five
Iijsnf Boston ) Silvery will then be h'ramed
in completely by the free population a railroad
li. sure to bring ; its furthir extension rendered
impossible ; the cultivation of Its great ntaplo
fairly begu j bv tree labor; and this war, whloh
unoiwoim Hunting except tor sucn again,
will Indeed have a glorious ending.
Theu may we safely leave slavery In ths old
slave States to die a certain and a peaceful
death, protected as far as It may be by the
guarantees of the Constitution, so often invoked
tor Its prot ction but which our fathers never
would have permitted to form a part of that
Instrument bad tbay dreamed, for a single
iii't.int, t at slavery would continue to exist
at this period of our history,
If slavery is only doomed In tbo border
State, tbeu is the claim that Texas shall be
fred by compensation by martial law, or by
breaking through the cob-webs of unjust
human law lar utroncer than before.
If this is not done there will be an emigra
tion to Texas of slaveholders with their chat
tels, entirely unprecedented. The opportunity
tor tne cultivation ot cotton and sugar by free
labor, untrammelled by the neighborhood of
slaves, upon the best lands, will be lost for a
csntury. After that our only opportunity will
bo upon the worn out and deserted plantations
ot the old cottou States.
By the cowardice of the present generation
of N rthern men, Texas has been made a slave
State alter lier territory had been dedicated
to freedom by a nation which we Dresume to
call halt civilized. Have wo the courago to
redeem her from the curse?
This railroad Is already lu iirosress. about
120 miles from Oalvrston are ooniD eted. and
Iho surveys made to tho Bed river. The route
'hrmigh the Indian Territory to Kansas is indi
cited upon .i map of Texas published In Gal
veston in Ib'JU.
Hi del Bs-TTLKs. We have, through rebel
sources, accounts f the capture of a privateer
yicht off Gulveston, by the Santee, after a
battle," nhich was probably not very pro
traded I'rom Montgomery, (Nov. 24,) that
the " battle "if Pensacola was then in a state
of suspension but liable to break out any mo
ment. And fhully, we have a 'battle" off
Tb-u Mand, listing about one hour, between
C.im. Tatnall's mofqulto flet and some United
States flilps. Ouin. Tatnall kept at such a dis
tance, th it lie was ncilher hit himself nor uble
to tell whether lie had hit tho other side.-
' Tun .Southern MlsnELUOV 1,D thh Wan FOR
tub Union." We call the special attention or
the memb'is of Congress to this work, which
Is now In progn ss of publication It Is a com
prehensile but ry of ihe great rebellion, em
bodying, ills , all the important State papsrs,
Congrisri.mul procetdiigs, and remarkable
speeches which the pres nt crisis has produced.
All the Important events which gave rle to the
rebellion, nod wMi.li have transpired flnco lis
commencement, urn carefully presented in an
agreeable narrative style, thus forming a con
nected hh-lory rf the great ordeal through
which our c.uti'ry Is now pa'slug. No other
work buglns to compare with this In value or
importance rid linuld hi possessol by every
uiiu who d-H'u to bo Intelligent on the sub
ject of the war It has received Ihi highest
commendations from a large number of Ihe
most dltiugulhed men and Ihe leadlug pries
of the touutrj. U is published by, J. D Tor
rey, Niw Yoik; General Ageui, I". Gerhard
81 Nassau street, New York.
1'An.srs Is-t.ii -n tivivu iii 1 , d Sep
tembiir .10. '.'..1M iiatrhts w, rH h.ned nml it
extended 3,.111 applications wcie received
Monday, December 2, 1861,
This beinir tho day nresorlhml h th Con.
stltutlon for the. assembling the Congren, the
Senate met In their Chamber In the CapitoL at
19 n'nlnAiV mAstJIi
The VICE PRESIDENT resumed the Chair,
and called the Senate to order.
The following Senatirs were present: Fro m
mw ouue UI
ifnirv Hon.Wllllam PlttFessenden and Hon.
iuii ra. laorrill
New .Hampshire Hon. John P. Hale and Hon,
Fermont Hon. Solomon Foot and Hon. Jacob
Uauachutetts Hon Henry Wilson and Hon.
Rhode island II m. Henry B. Anthony and
Hon, Jam8 F. Hlmmons.
Oannecticut Hon. LaFayette 8. Fostor and
lion. Jmes Dixon.
AVw 1'orfc Hon. Preston King and Hon. Ira
oVew Jersey-Hon. J. C. Ten Eyck and Hon.
John It. Thomson.
Pennsylvania Hon. Edgar Cowan.
Virginia linn. John 8. Carlllo.
Kentucky Hon. Lszirus W. Powell.
OAio Hon. B. V. Wilde.
Indiana Hon. Jesse D. Bright and Hon. Hen
ry 8. Line:
Illinois Hon. Orvllle H. Browning and nun.
JtficAiynn Hon. Z. Chandler.
IVwconsin Hon. J. B. Doollttle and Hon. Tim
othy O. Howe.
Iowa Hon. James A. Orlmas and Hon. Ji.
ZMairarc Hon. Jas. A. Bayard and Hon. Wll
lardSiutsbury. Caltforma Hon. Milton 8. Latham and Hon.
Jamta A. McDoucall.
Oregon Hon. James W. Nesmlth.
Kansas Hon. James II. Lane and Hon. Beth
The following Senators were absent:
Messrs. Breckinridge of Kentuokr, Johnson
of Tennessee, Johnson of Missouri, Kennedy of
Maryland, PearcenfMaryHnd, Polk of Missouri,
Shorman of Ohio, Willey of Virginia, and Wll.
not of Pennsylvania.
Dltl.T HOL'R or MKETINO.
On motion by Mr. nALE It was
Ordted, That tho dally hour of meeting of
Deoiue raw ciock ., until otnerwise or-
NOTIFICATION OF ORGANIZATION.
On motion by Mr. GRIMES it was
Ordered, That the Secretary Inform the House
of Bepresentatlves that a quorum of the Sen
ate has assembled, and that the Senate Is roarli-
l 'l UI.OCU 1U UUBIIJtJSS.
MESSAGE MOM THE UOC3E.
A messice was received from the irons nt
Representatives by Hon. Emerson EtherM.
its clerk, Informing the Senato that a quorum
of the House had assembled, and were ready to
proceed to business
NOTIFICITIOV TO THE rnESIDENT.
Mr. HALE submitted the following resnln.
Resetted. That a committee nf thrAA mm.
hers be appointed by the Chair to Join such
committee as may bs artnnin'ed hv th TTnnaa
of Beprtsenutlies to wait on the President of
me unuea nimcs, ana inrorm hlra that a quo
rum of each House has assembled, and that
Con;ress Is now ready to receive any commu
nication ho may be pleased to m,ake.
The resolution was considered by unanimous
consent, and agreed to. and Mr. Hale, Mr.
Trumbull, and Mr Latham, were nnnolnlWI
.... . ti .i . ...t rF
mn tuuiuiubre tm iu- pari oi me senate.
A message from -the House announced ihnt
ihe Uoue had appointed a committee to join
the committee rn the part of the Senate, con
sisting of Mr. Fentnn. of New York. Mr. Moor
heal, or Ptnnsylvauia, and Mr. Wicklirfe, of
COSFISCITIOVOF ItrBEL PaOPERTT.
Mr. TRUMBULL gave notice of his Intention
to introduce n bill for tho confiscation of the
property of rebels, and to give freedom to the
persons they hold iu slavery.
Mr. WILKINSON gave notice of his Inten.
tlon to Introduce a bill to abolish the distlno
tion between the regular and volunteer forces
of the United States.
nEPOUT OF A COMMITTEE.
Mr. IIALK, from the joint committee of the
two Houses to wait on the President and In
form him that a quorum of each House had as
sembled, and that Congress was now ready to
receive any communication he may be pleased
to make, reported that they bad performed that
duty, and the President bud requested them to
Inform the two Houses that he would commuol
cate to them, in writing, to-morrow, nt 12
On motion by Mr. nALE, the Senate ad
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Upon calling the roll, It was found that 114
members ansnored to their names; after which
Me-srs. Phelps and Sareent, members fleet
from California, and Mr. Hooper, from th fifth
district of Massachusetts, were sworn in.
The ciso ol Horace Maynard, a Representa
tive from the second district of Tennessee, was
briefly discussed, by which it appeared that
Mr. Maynard was elected In the usual way, be
fore the State seceded, and he was, therefore,
sworn In, together with the following Dele
Mr. Bernhlsel. Delegate from Utah, and the
Delegate from Nevada.
Mr. RICHARDSON, of "Illinois, said there
were two Representatives here from Virginia
who deelred to be sworn In. Mr. Blair comes
here as tLe flnriessor of M. Partir. .. ...
Alter lurtder debate, these cases were re
ferred to the Committee on Elections.
Mr. HICKMAN, of Pennsylvania, presented
the credentials of Mr. Foster, of North Carol I
na, claiming u seat in this House. Referred to
the Committee on Elections.
Mr. Watts, Delegate from New Mexico, was
On motion of Mr. DAWES, of Massachusetts,
the papers In the ciso of Mr. Segar, of Vir
gin! i, weru ulso referred to the same commit
tee, Mr. A. A Burnbam, of Connecticut, was, on
motion, sworn in.
Mr. CALVERT, of Maryland, presented a
petition from Mr. Beach, and atked Its refer
ence to Commliteo on Elections.
VAll HKSOLUTION EMANCIPATION.
Mr. ELIOT, or Mass , olfjred the following
Reinlccd Ini the Ilowe of Representatives of
hair of the people of these States they do
solemnly docl tre that the war In which we are
now ongH.-od, ncalnst the Insurgent bodies now
Inarms agilnst the Uovornmenl, has f.r Its
object the suppression of nuoh reholllnn
and the re eaiatillehmont of the rightrul au'
thurify of the National Constitution and laws
over tho entlro extent of our common country
2d That wliile ho disclaim all power under
the Constitution t Interfere, by ordinary leels
l.itlon, with the Institutions of tbo soveral
States, yet the war now existing must bs con
ducted according to the usages and rights nf
military service, and that during Its continu
ance, the rcongnlrod authoiity of the maxim
that the sanity of the States is the highest 1 iw
suhmdlnales rights of property, and dominates
our civil relations.
S. That turn afore e do horehy declare that
in our JmUmtnt the President of ths United
Statts, as the Commander In Chief of our army
and the ultlcra in command under him, have.'
the right in emancipate all persnnk held as
slaves in iiny military dNtrlot In a state of In
surrection analnst the National finvernmeut
of eniHncipritlon he issued whenever ihu s.ime
U.III, 1 -It till.. Ait-A. . I. ...... ..... ..!. . .
... ...,., ,,. nurtkiii i no pn r hi me reueis lu
in ns, or Id strengthen the military power i r
lliu loyal forces.
On motion, It was postponed' until to-day
Mr.CAMPBBLL,of Pennsylvania, offered tb
Resolved, That in legislating to mtet the ex
igencies pf ths presont, the property of the reb
e,s, Including slaves, should be oonflsoated.
Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania, oBTered the
Whereas slavery has caused the present re.
hellion In the United States, and whereat there
can be no solid and permanent peace and nnlon
InthlsBepubllo so long as that Institution ex.
ists within It; and whereas slaves are now used
by the rebels as an essential means of support
ing and protracting the war; and whereas, by
the law of nations, It 1) right to liberate the
slaves of an enemy to weaken hit power, there
Be it enacted by Die Senate and Rouse of Rep
reientatites of the United States of America in
Congress assejnbled, That the President be re.
quested to declare freo, and to dlreot all our
generals and oHcers In command to order free
dom to all slaves who shall leave their masters
or shall aid in quelling this rebellion.
Sic. 2. And be it further resolved, That the
United States pledge the faith of the nation In
make lull and fair compensation to all loyal
citizens who are and shall romiln active In sup
porting the Union, for all the loss they may
sustain by virtue of this resolution.
Mr. STI'.VIvS'S nilrprl t,hh ... i.;.j
that this resolution lie over until Tuesday
COPIES OF CONTRACTS CALLED FOB.
Mr. McPHERSON offered the following;
whlcl passed :
That the Secretary of War he requested tn
furnish to this House ooples of afl contracts
inftHii hi. IhA n,i..ia.m..i..i. n. ... -
... j.- '.r. ," lu,w:" "ouarimeui lor
reeding disabled horses during thq jvinter, to
,vm,i mm win uniuoa oi tue coniraoiors.
MILITART ROAD TO NSW TORE.
Also, that thA flnmmtlfa. A4. initial lr.l
bo requested to inquire Into the expediency of
uuujubiiuK au air-iiuo raiiroaa irom wasning
ton City, via Gettysburg and Harrlsbnrgh, Pa.,
to New York. Laid over.
PROP08ITIOM TO CONFINE BLIDELL.
Mr. nnftr.T. nf m... vni- nr....i .,.. rt
Whereas Colonel A. M.'Ward, of the Four
teenth regiment New York State militia, who
WHJI WOlinH.M Snrt ulran ..!..... - !.- iL ...,
OT HlllI Kiln hi., nnm hi- 41... l..l ..1 1.1--
uoen ordered to eonflnement In a "felon's
prison," and by the same order Is to be treated
" as prisoners convicted of Infamous orlmes :"
Resolced, That the President of the United
5il.Hien he respectfully requested to order J.
Slldell to the same charaoter of prison and to
the samo treatment until Colonel Ward shall be
treated as the United States have used all pri
soners taken in battle.
PROPOSITION TO CI.OSELT CONFINR MASON.
Mr. COLFAX, of Indiana, offered a similar
resolution to the- one offered by Mr. Odell
that J. M Mason, Ihe rebel commissioner, suffer
the same In thn nl.f.A nt riniAnai r)A-..
A resolution Ufa. ntT&A nnA v.nBnJ 4m 1
.. wwuu uu flooouu, WJ IU
quire Into the disastrous result at the battle of
On motion, the House then adjourned.
Serenade of Gen. Lane, of Kansas List
night, an Immense assemblage gathered In front
of tho Willard Hotel to pay their respects to
Gen. Lane, who has jut returned from his cam
paign In Missouri. After some excellent music
by the Marine Band, Hon. Owen Lovejoy, of Illi
nois, made a very happy and forcible speech,
which ne concilia?! Dy introducing Gen. Jim
Lane, the Senator from Kansas, who save one
nf his characteristic speeches, which was re-
ceiveu Dy tne audience with unanimous and
hearty applause We can onlv sav tn-dav.
that both the distinguished speakers urged the
emancipation of Ibe slaves, as a military neces
sity, and the only way to brlnn the war to a
safe and speedy close ; and these sentiments,
wnenever uttered, were received with nnbound
idaDDlause. After an able anennh nf at least
an hour, the General retired, amid the cheers
ot the multitude.
The SDCechea of both gentlemen were nhnnn
graphically reported for the Republican, and
win ue puoitsnea nereatter.
The strong and growing publlo sentiment In
favor ot the emancipation Idea, has assumed a
tangible form, in tho shape of the formation of
societies, with the following
DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES.
The objeot cf this league is to urge upon the
peoplo and the Government emancipation of
the slaves, as a measure of justice, and as a
military necessity ; It being the shortest,
cheapest, and least bloody path to permanent
peace, and the only method of maintaining the
Integrity of the Union.
Prayino for tue Slave. The Chaplain of
the House yesterday prayed specially and dis
tlnctly "for the slave," which sounded rather
strangely in bucIi a place, and lu a slavehold
Charles Henry Foster, of North Caroli
na. Among the passengers from Capo Hat
teras, who arrived at Old Point on Friday, was
Mr. Charles Henry Foster, who will claim a
seat In Congren from North Carolina. Mr.
Foster Is coming to Washington with the cer
tificate of bii election, Blgned by Governor M.
Nash Taylor, of the Provisional Government,
and It is attested by the large seal of the State.
Mr. Prentice disclaims tho anthorshln
of the offensive article in ths Louisville Jour
nal, in relation to General Cameron.
Who would not na an Editor? To-day we
dine on a nice fat wild turkey, a brace of which
were laid upon our table last nluht. hr Mr. J.
T. Strong, of 619 Seventh street, where all our
reaaere can be supplied with choice poultry,
butter, cheese, and all desirable articles for the
table. We say desirable, becauso thev are all
of the very best quality. Remember, 619 Sev
I'ue Lictcre Association. GentUmen Inte
rested in sustaining a course of lectures by the
live " won and women of the dav. will meet
at the residence of Lewis Clephane, Esq., No.
326 G street, between Twelfth and Thirteenth.
this (Tuesday) evening, at seven and a half
It Is reported llr.it Cant. Howunl l.i r ,t.u
Uniied States revenuo marine, accompanies the
Southern expltlon ot Gen. Burnslde.wltn a
nuvi.l brigade, and Commauder S. F. Hazard,
United States navy, is attached to the staff of
Geu. Burnslde an Naval Officer and Director.
Commodore Craven has been detached from
tbo Potomac flotilla, to ba assigned to a com
mand in the bjockading fleet.
IslTKST rnOM OAPR IIATTKMAB.
A Reconnolnc rtvo Uabol UMecrs
XJM.ll.sd. JJKf" ' ' ,
By tho arrival, on Friday last, of the steamer
S. R. Spauldlog, at Old Point, we obtain the
following news from Cape IlatUras:
The Federal fleet consisted of the flag-ship
Stars and Stripes, Captain Werden ; steamer
Underwriter, Captain Jeffries; steamer George
Putnam, Captain HotchkH ; and the steamer
Ceres, Captain Dlmarld. For FOtne time post
ney naa Deen siaimneu ai mat ptacc.
The military command at the forts consist
i tne roriy-eigntn rennsyivania regiment,
Mhth New iork reclment. and a detachment
if 100 regulars, alt tinder the command of
ungaaier General Thomas Williams, who la
spoken or as a most active and efficient officer
The Indiana reclment. formtrlv stationed
there, but now a' Camp Hamilton, had received
i complete refit of military clothing, when
mey inrew on meir oiu worn-nut unuorma
upon the sea beach and destroyed them by fire.
It Is lesrned upon reliable authority that a
number of Confederate reclmcnls. nrevlonslv
stationed In the State, have been ordered to
Virginia. There are now 6 000 troops at Beau
fort, which is about fifty-five milis from the
forts held by the Federalists, and It Is believed
that very few are encamped between those
points. Recent copies of North Carolina pa
pers state that Ocracoke Inlet is not cloeed
analnst ordinary-sized schooners, and they pub
lish a Hit of the vessels which have come in,
nearly all freighted with army stores, cloth
There is no doubt that a large proportion of
me people ore snuering mncb lor such articles
as are contraband, and which they have beep
unable to obtain. Specimens ot their paper
currency were brought up by the passengers,
and are miserably execnted on brown paper.
On Friday, Adjutant De Kay, of Col. Mans
field's command, started oat with fifty msn for
the purpoie of making a reconnois'sanco. Tbry
proceeded about two and a half miles, wbtu
they' saw two Confederate effleer', when fire
was opened and both were killed. They took
their horses, accoutrements, and two elegantly
silver mounted pistols, which are described as
a very valuable arm, and returned In sat sty to
The Blockade. The rigor of tho blockade
of the rebel States Is well illustrated by the
shifts resorted to for the purpose of supplying
them wilhneeded articles. We clip the following
from the local column of yesterday's Baltimore
" We mentioned on Saturday that the steam
er George Weems had been seized by the au
thorities, and detained at Fort Mo Henry. There
were about a hundred persons on board. Includ
ing a number of ladles. The police made
thorough search of all parts of the boat, but
there was nothing of a contraband character
discovered among the freight, which consisted
chiefly of supplies of groceries belonging to
parties on board the steamer. There was, how
ever, quite a curious garment fouud on the per
son ot a young lady named Mllburn-, who wore
a balmoral skirt, weighing about thirty five
fiounds, into which was Ingeniously quilted a
arge qqantity of the finest sewing silk, supposed
to be worth af.out $200. Upon the person of a
young lad, her brother, were also found about
three pounds of quinine, sewed up In bis jacket.
In .one of the state-rooms a box was found, con
taining a large quantity of needles, military
buttons, and other articles of a contraband
character. The articles were all taken pesses-
nuu oi oy me. ponce, an J ins young lady de
talned in custody."
Retorts from tbe RentL Camps Dissatis
faction of toe Rebel Soldiers. The follow
ing dispatch from General Stone has been
Poolesyiu.b, Nov. 28.
To Major General JfcCYeUan ;
Yesterday, one deserter came In from the
Mississippi Tweuty First regiment, at the
risk of his life. Two-other l the same regl
ment and company Implored nn affl:er bearing
a flag of truee to bring them over with him.
Of courso be rould not mako suoh a use of a
white, flag. It is represrnted that nearly a
dozen In that company wkh to leave. The
reasons given are, neglect when sick, and want
or proper food. The total force tn the vicinity
ot Leesburg fit for duty Is represented to be
about 2,600. There are about 1100 to 800 sick.
There are two companies of Irishmen in the
Twenty-first Mississippi regiment, represented
to be greatly dtssatitfled. Informers say there
are no troops between Manassas Junction and
Goose creek, on Gum Spring road.
C. P. Stone,
Authcntio Information has been received
here that a small light-draft Canadian steamer
has been relzed, off the coast of Maine, by a
United States revenue cutter. The steamer
had on board about ten thousand Springfield
muBkets, clothing, boots, bank-note paper,
caps, and munitions of war. She was cleared
from Canada, and the cargo was consigned to
parties In tbe Southern States.
The latest official intelligence concerning the
whereabouts of the privateer Sumter is from
the Consul at Param iribo. Dutch Guiana, in a
letter dated October 17. Ue had been Inform
ed that she was near or on an Island about
thirty miles to the windward of Curacca, and
that tbe crew were cruising about In their
The Secretary of the Navy. The report
ol Secretary Welles will give, lima reputation
that might well console him lor the injustice
of which he was madu the mark, till the suc
ess at Uatteros checked tbo ubuso or his De-
Sartment. On the great questions which un.
erlle the war, he is right and decided. Of bis
zeal and efficiency, In the administration of the
navy, the report will be a conclusive and hon
orable testimony. Washington Cor. of the N.
Y. Tribune. J
., , . . . Noiemberao, 181.
;.( iuiufwtuq iicurr uuiet aumorisia
7 & Ml of Congrew approved I7ih Uca.ber,
. micrvst uu kudu arcn.ury note win cease on
tbe first day ot February nixt, by tho terms or tb
S. P CIUFH,
... Seoretary or tba Treasury,
deo I 3tw3w
1?UIlNISIIKO HUOOIii Filll ItKNT. A
, largo Parlor aud lour flue Cliarobers,liandionieiy
lurolshed, In tho most dtiirablo part of Waahington,
No. ?2 p street liorlh. Lento ju Nlxlh and Hiv.ulh
streets west, In tho Immediate viclni.y of the I'ott
and l'a!eiitc!Hce,iiiiy biliadon rratuuable teimi,
hys.ipljiligto T.J JIAGItUOElt,
mo. wt ii airier,
dec 3 3t Det. Sixth and bevtnlh aireels.
02 k?ffa choice nlades Ilutter. lust rcoelred dimet
rrom bomeraot county 1'eongyhai.ta, fjrsile low by
.IflllVll Kill VI V. Jb fill '
Corner Ninth etteet and Pa avenue,
deo 3 eolOt oppo ua west end Centre Mai Vat
US. SftNlTAUY COMBIISS1 ..V,
'M t'llntl, Wothitigtun, V. V.. Deo 5,1601.
' Ibe Saaliary C minUblou hu a collection ul Looki
ofrertraDce ou ililiia'y ouuery m.d a rmi Ilyalene,
whloh ml.ltary aurgeous ut or near lYakblaiiou r
fUKDEUICK 1,AW OLMSTItl),
dcos lm Uential Ce;retsry.
JK HKM'AttO.-ITtriiyi'l oVatoleiraliout
cpu Ui'i weeL ago, a red and white Uelfcr, bteer
looklog CUM';erj larjie, iivler had a calt '1 he
above reward will be glien ir brought to owner,
Klgh h and j,UeHou aueet.Navy Yard.
40 z-ai UaVIU ATKINS.
W PROeKKIlU)- HLAVKKT
TM TtlsV tTVfTLti U'TiSrii.n
. slid UiUinUQlAIJii)
CODUMOf tU Wriob 4T.-.-1. -a 1 Lli.-n.
- --- m iwi n Mi me I'uuiiiinnon
offlo of t2LirfaiMl JUjmMiatn, corner f teventh
jid D ftrecto. f t
s Boondtdltloa.il per oopj. r&mphlct edition, 4
otnUperoopy. h upro-ti
I7.nlfjai n.-w... .
-- "7i' nim a ninicu-
lnf lDterettlnff meeUaf of fk Chaplain Ii antcl.
f.Ku ujv ivuduvi ina louag uen's CLrlilttn
Association, to-morrowriWislSiiiiV,! .f.ii i.i-v
Tho " Christian OommJiilon," recentlr.tpltaUtl,
will be In lemlon at ths samo ttmt and place,
deo 8 lt ' inj.
r Having b.n,' WsHtwd.f bythe
War Depsitment.to raWabo orjrahlxe V raglmaat
of Infantry, to servs In ths-Diilrlot of-Columbla M
home guard, parsons rwbhhif to.nuM aud com
mand oompanlMla tbUxafUoarUsrlllropon to ths
General UtomlUng, 0NM!aUaktaUmrUrs,
room No. 10, Washington Buildings, ooi-ner Penn
sylvania avenue and Seventh atTMt, tilrd story.
ISAAC A,' PECK
WAsniaoTM, D. 0.,
November 11, 1MI. nor 11
SO-Company A, United' States Kngl-
"eera Firiy intelligent and abla-bodied men will
be enlisted to nil this Company tn tne maximum
llxed by law, 1M man Inquire at No lliu itreet.
Pay from 13 to M per month, besides food and
JWTha Union Prayer Meeting will be
botden. everv dav this week, in tlia ti,itl.t. i .
tberan Church, corner of Klerrnth and Il-streets,
iu oomaienoa ai rour O'clock. I o bs sentlnued one
hliuronly oct8 f
JAIL STISAMKR RaiNbiail.
KVERT OTHER DAT
10 AND FUOH WASUINGTON
General Hooker's: Dirlslou,
SICKLES'S AND COWDEN'S BRIGADES.
THROUGH IN 3 HOURS.
Tha afatnP ! .Tlnaa'a Wl.l fr.. r-M
of Klerenth itretet, on ' '9$fSR&
MONDAY. WEDMESDAV. AKn rnmiv.
atO o'olook, a. m , (returning from ths Dlrlilon,)
4saiu5 44UU1 t uiui, aiaiiananiaa ureex,
at tha aame boar, on
TDESDAT, TntTRSDAT, a'nD SATCRDAV.
Arafat Toaaan(atiai mrtA Unlit f..l.Vl . t a.
alcohoUc Hquort.) ' l
Fare (o or from lha Camp
Fare for the. round trip, (returning next day,) 3
PaililtB'SN tll-a nnt fa.41 tat vail nHtl,a 1-I- a
tb hae l'af .excttpt pilratesr Irom their coannan J-
Inc nfri ljas-i
No meals faralshed.
jKsT Freights to bo pre pi Id
.. . WiLLIaSI H.KIE1IL,
rtUVENMKN'r LOAS AI1KNCI,
IEH7S JOIiJt'SOJt; V CO.,
Coasax 01 rstLVAxiA Arsxci ah Tina bi:
Lawn Joaxsox, or our Aim, bavlug been ap
pointed a Subscription Agent for tko national Loan
authorised by tbo aot or Congress o 11th Jul,1801,
we an prepared to furnish, to part is desirous of
making investment, any amount of T 3 -10 1'reeaary
Rotes, of oonrtnlsnt alios.
deo 2-tf fiEWl JOnXSO k CO.
ISTnlCl' OF COI.UAIUIA,
Cbuithi nf H'uImiAm. ,n .m-f .
I harehv aarlirv that fjanr, PaiuhI,.-.. i
- -..., ... .w.a w,.h.i VI
IV ashiegtin county, brou.ht before me.iha tub
eorlber, one of iho Juillcieof ths fejee In sad for
said county, this 2ih dsy of November, la the year
isoi.aa astray, a BAY COLT, two join old. huvlog
a white faoa, and left bind foot whito, and belor
about fourteen banda high. Tbe oamerortbe ai'ovo
desorlbed Colt is reqaea'ed to prove property, nay
charges, and take him away. '
W. THOMPSON, J. P.,
nov s: 3t Eighth street, between D aud B.
TVKPAltrM SCSiap flK MRT,lllllilltl4H
XJ POLIO !',
omeeofEnperlntendrnt, No. 9(0 11th St.
rersons who have lost property are requested
to report toeir loss to this 1)0 aruneut. Large
qasntlliesorinstpriDerty low In the ojlcs
nevso lawtr SMr' tv B. IVEBH.Supt.
CAMK TO TIIH lSTJDSOUlnf.il. ON TUB
!48th Inst , a dark chesnat sorrel UOUli:, with
white tpotoa forehead, ab.ut six yean, old. Ihe
owner oan Lave the lams by proving property and
paying ohargis, on applying lo William Lyman, In
oharge orOovemment Ferry. Otorgetown, D. c.
DJVSO 3t W1LLIAII LYMAN.
LAMPS POtt GtlOrEtlS1 ur J.TJTLKHS'
I have now on hand VTagons, Lamps, Springs,
and everything else reqal lite for Carriage or Wegon
43-Rspiirlng promptly attended to
KT. II. OUATTAM
Coaohmakor, tljhth street
CUAJL AND 'WOOD.
BKt ASH COAL.
, WHITE ASH COAL
rioe Wo.d-Oak Wood.
Also, 20u barrels Charcoal, on hand and for sals
by It. W. BUlsp,
nov to 3t Cor, or Seventh it. and Ma. a Av.
FOR 8 A L K A Flrat Clata pair at
CA.UItIA.QE UOU3Ed, bred in Duohe.t
couDty, New York Aho.twoSADDMJ H0113E3.
Inquire of 8. S WOOD,
nuv80 1l 4(0 1'eunsylrania Avenue.
FOUND. Certificate of Deposits, Apply
at Office Metropjiltsn Police.
nov 3C 3t Star W. B. W1SBD, Supt.
AnilY OLOVES I AUMY OLOVE8 I
At the Olove Depot or
F. B HASTINGS!: CO.,
3113 D street, taclur Va avenue,
nov 2 tf l'hllbanuuulo Bullolng.
ov. a, i8oi.
NORTHERN CEXtUAL RVIL1VAY,
The shorted, quickest, and bett route from Balti
more to the
WEST, NOttTil, AND NOliniWE-iT.
CIIASGK Ot' TIJIK.
On and after Sunday, lllh November, t'assengor
Tralna will arrive and depart rrom Calvert htauon
as lollows 1
THAINS NORTH LEAVE.
Hall, at 8 2) A.M.
Buffalo Express S 1", M
I'arkton Aocomodatlon uu r. II.
rittaburgand Hsrrltburg Kxpresi 33i 1. M.
TRAINS 80UTU ARRIVE.
Farkton Accommodatieu, at 8 no A.M.
Buffalo Ezprev S 29 A. M.
l'ittaburg aud Harrlsburg Express -.no 1'. M.
Uail otu f. M.
TheS A. M. Train from Washington cooncctsn 1th
the 8 20 A. M. Tr.iii iro.n Btllimore tor the Most,
and for llufftlo. Elratru, Rochester, Dunklik, Caimn
daliua. aud Nlarara Falls, and for New York
ine 11 A. fil.irala Irom Washington connects with
tbe 3 m V. M Tr.ln from Balihmne.to Wet, North
and Northwest, and E.mlra and Buffalo and Ro
The 6 00 1. 11. Train I row ivaihinrton connects
with the 8 80 V. M. Train from Baliluuin- lor Pitts
burg, Ham-bur?, and the Writ, an I Is a direct con
nection for Lebanon. habton,rAl)t'iituwu, aud New
York, via Central Railroad of New Jersey.
Try Ihli route to New York.
- Tha m.tv Train taavinir llilttmnra nn Sur.daV
1, tue 8 00 1'. M. Train, lor Il.rrlsliurg, 1'ltisburg,
uuioago ana ine w eii
Tile only Train a living lu IilUlmsro o.l Sunday
is tbe 1 2J A M. Tra n . .
U0V27 JAS O CLAttKK Supt
SPI.KNOIO UUSINfcSS CIIANUX, Part
hm wunfj.il wlih Sl.liro to SI.S'O. te eke the
charge of Ihe sales of a bent ful aruo'en' Ki lie and
f ora, lor ine ue ii mwuun.w auuiiuiifn m iu
rmv uhll.tl UT4 Slid tO OUtlCrtl eXCUlWdl V. llv
oallingat No. 6.9 Seventh street, battUs will Aud
mis a very piea an. au h.mi..ib uuriucta, ana one
rarely met wltbt and the inducement unommonlv
geod, deo 2 st