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BY W. J- MUBTAOH A JO.
QtOROE M. WSiTON, EMTOM.
i i i -
ar The publication otaoe of the JfaMoival
RetnMican U at ine nrunn corner nvug
Eleventh street, eereona boot, over w. u. oop'
brds store. Bntraaoo on Beveath street.
FrMay, Jaawry It, 1862.
aa- tUaatlaat Mat everr a.-
to MKMBieaa or cookh.
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To CoajuaroNDmrro-Mo attention will be
paid to anonymous communications.
ATTACKS UFOIf TI1B5 KKPRKSKnTA
Tivsw or THK PKOPLtV..
The following, from the New York World of
Wednesday, is a pattern specimen of the man
ner in which the prints of that stripe dally
asall the representatives of tho people and of
" Gold three per tent, premium In Wall street
jesterday, and the rate rising ; yet Congress
The tide of specie setting In heavily for Eu
mue : et Comress does nothing but talk.
The exohanges of the country, foreign and
domestic In wild disorder ; yet Congress does
nothing but talk.
The ourrenoy of the nation In a process of
degradation, while values are unsettling: ret
Congress does nothing but talk.
Not a dollar to be found In the Federal Treas
ury on tbe 15th of January, (see Mr. Chase's
speech ;) yet Congress doea nothing but talk.
An Irredeemable currecoy. Inflated values,
monetary discredit, commercial dishonor, re
pudiation, certain disunion, an abrupt and lgno
mlnlous termination of the war all imminent;
yet Congress does nothing but talk."
If anybody ventures to Intimate a doubt of
tbe Infallibility of any of onr generals, we hare
lorthwlth from the New York World and the
Near York JaurnHoj Commerce, a homily upon
the guilt of attempting to shales public confi
dence In those invested with public responsi
bilities at a great crisis.
These same gentlemen are restrained by no
ecruples from berating and belittling the Con
greea of Ihe United Stales on all occasions.
What they demand is, that Congress should
Impose large tuts, vote unlimited sums for the
prosecution of what Is facetiously called " war,"
ieaw ' talking," and go home. That Is what
th plunderers want. An indefinite postpone
ment of peace, plenty of contracts, no inquisi
tions by Congress!
It what Is wanted in these respects, can be
ibtalned by cajolery, by dragooning, or by
both combined, Mr. Cumtalngs, of the New
York World, will, we presume, return from
Europe, and go in for another $140,000.
It Is essential to these gentlemen, In a great
variety of respects, that ' talking" In Congress
thould be put an end to. Indeed, It would be
desirable for them that nobody, anywhere,
should be allowed to "talk." Universal si
lence would be a perfect God send to them.
Tbe IFbrM describes a condition of publto
afiVrs which Is undoubtedly deplorable. Bat
who ought to be sllenoed by it? Is It not the
mn whose insane polloy has brought us to the
verge of national destruction t Has It not now
become the turn of other men to " talk t" Are
the architects of ruin to be permitted to silence
the only power which can now save Iht coun
try Tbcse attempt) to disparage tbe Congress of
the United btatea are too systematic, to leave
room lor doubt that they are th6 manifestations
ol a settled plan, to breakdown that legislative
rcprexntatiun of the peopU which is the best
ami only reliable bulwsrk of their liberties.
ADVANCE OF TUB ARNIRI.
Utiilelt is doubtless true that the dcilre is
universal among loyal men that something
thould be done In the management of the war
which Is not done, It Is a mistake to suppose
that these whose views are most strongly Re
publican, are particularly urging an advance
of the armies on the line of Virginia and Ken
tucky. If tbe cry of "On to Richmond," Is
heard at all, it is from a very different quarter.
In addition to a determination, which is by
no means condoed to Republicans, that If the
military authorities incur new defeats by new
blunders, they (hall have mi pretext for shift
ing the blame upon others, very many of the
Republicans think It of less Importance that
tbe army should advance, than that the ad
vance, when made, should be made 'upon right
principles They have no faith In putting down
a pro slavery rebellion through the Instrumsn
lality of nigger catching generals, and they
equally anticipate defeat, whether the army
lots iu winter quarters, or achieves vlotories,
HieiSarlly bsrren if they do not reach what Is
nt once the scat of the disease with which we
aio contending, and the exhaustlees supplier of
me resources oi me enemy. Animated by these
views, they patiently and hopefully await tbe
period when the visibly swelling Ude of pnbllo
oruuiva nuau compel a conduct or the war, in
which Uio subjugation of the rebellion shall
hold the first place, and not be made secondarv
to a tender preservation of the property and
institutions of rebels.
The pro slavery fanaticism of the great body
oi Ihe officers of the regular army, which has
t'jiu lar paralyzed the war, has proved too strong
tur the ("resident and Cabinet, whose direct
a id explicit orders (as recently, those to Gen.
hhcrman) art constantly violated. Legislation
is needed, and the prospect Is, that It will soon
be obtained If it Is, and as soon as It is, an
advsnes of Ihe armies will accomplish some
It is not in ths field, but In Congress, that
the real battles are to be fought, upon which
the Issue of this war depends.
Lector th raltfasonlan.
Iter. Dr. Cbeever will lecture at the Smith
son! in, before the Washington lecture Asso
ciation, upon "The Justice and Necessity of
Military Emancipation." The subject and tbe
man will together bring out a large audience. '
ARMY CHArLalns). t
Wa tmhllah Ik followta artlole opposing
lha'nlaoUoBoft)buldW peyFriU '
pleetmre, ted askjltr cosalHitee to , whoa this
subject bsseen referred, lo gtmtaeareroi
the salaries of Alt motV usefttl spwt of oar
nor should noi be reduoad, are clearly and
forcibly presented, and certainly no man, who
koowi by practical experience th velneof
then men, will desire to tee them poorly paid.
The moral nod religious torn of the grand
Union any et tha Potootao hM no parallel Id
thehlstory of armte; prayer meeUngt,aad re
llgleW organisations art cosbbWib almoit
every regiment, and perhaps In even ojaa.
I when tha chaplain U a pious jao, and llbi-
i0Dg, to Congress and the whole country to
,urtan u,. tt,n wno jor to keep up, the
moral and religious standard of the army.
The vices of the camp havo always been
numbered among tbe worst scourges of war
ds slaughters and desolations are) as nothing
compared with the moral waste and ruin which
usually follow In the train of armies.
The hundreds oi thousands of men who in
now In arms, are to return to their homes, and
tbelr, vices or virtues will go with them, and
have their Influence In every neighborhood, and
In every grade ol society.
Tbe business of the chaplain Is to protect
society against the baleful Influence of the
camp, and, next to the chief In command, he Is
the most Important man In the army, and his
pay should be sufficient to secure the services
of the best men. the pulpit aBbrds. To lower
the pay, Is to lower the standard of morality In
our army, and that the country cannot afford. '
hall the paras' Ghatplalas t ths Array
ha Reflated) ,
Massas. Editors: In Senator Wilson's bill for
the reduction of officers' salaries, four sec
tions out of twelve are devoted to the chap
lains, showing the Importance they have el
ready acquired in the army.
In the bill It Is proposed to reduce their sala
ries from that of captains of cavalry to the pay
of chaplains In the regular settles
This proposition haa a plausible appearance,
but It should be considered
First. That heretofore our regular army
chaplains have been resident at posts having
the care of only a company of men, with occa
sional Instruction during the weak, while on
ths other hand the chaplains In the volunteer
service have the spiritual oharge or one thou
sand men, care of the sick In the hospital, In
a large proportion of the regiments, tbe over
sight of ths post office, forwarding of Ihe sol
diers' money, providing rsadlng matter for
tbelr charges, and a multitude of other duties
which are devolved upon them, and which they
are willing to perform for tbe troops.
8econd.' Chaplains In ths regular army have
heretofore lived in comfortable barraoks at
forts, with fusl furnished, and well protected.
In the present war, they are exposed to all the
privations and risks qflbe camp.
Third. Many bave resigned comfortable sal
aries and positions from patrlotio motives, re
lying on the good faith of' Congress and the
country. Men of age aad high standing, and
extensive Influence In ths several denomlna
tlons. If the proposed reduction should be
made, they will be foroed to resign or run In
debt from Inability to support thslr families
under their salaries lesssned nearly forty per
oent. The country has demanded tbe employ
ment of suitable men, and we have heard no
olce out of Washington demanding that the re
ligious teaohsrs of the army should be the Brat
to be singled out as unworthy of a ulr remu
Deration for their services.
Fourth. In the army, respeot for office is much
govsrned by the amount of emolument re
natved for dutv. The act whloh laaaan Ihn
par wtu tie roiiowea y a still greater with
holding ef consideration from the teachers of
Divine uuin, already loo muon hampered ana
straitened In their neoullar and trying voca
tion. Is It wise at this time of national trouble
to assail this branch of ths ssrvlce,or to sp
rsar to oast oontempt upon It!
fifth. Wby reduce atone the salaries of the
men who bave been eduoated and trained fur
the work for which Government appoints them (
In many cakes, among ths other .volunteer offi
cers, there has been no preparation recelred
for military duty. Untried men receive, as
military officers, salaries three and four times
as great as that to whloh they have been pre
vlouslr accustomed. It la worthr of consider.
ation, too, that the surgeon h tbe rank ant
pay of major, and In manr realments bis duties
require mi more oi nis time man ine auues or
tne chaplain demand or mm, while the aurgeon
has two assistants, Including tbe hospital stew
ard. 'The surgeon holds no higher position in
civil life than the chaplain, and yet II Is pro
posed to give the latter In the army but one
half the pay of the former. le the oare of the
body to be more highly rewarded, and mora
largely esteemed, than that of tbe soul 7 Will
the country be satisfied with apprentices la the
latter work, while It demands master workmen
In the former!
Sixth. Tbe office In the resular armr ia nar-
manent In the volunteer sorvlce it is for the
war. ine chaplains bave severed their pres
ent relations with thslr parishes, with all the
riiks connected with the formation of new pas
toral relations after ths war Is terminated.
Seventh. Tbe moderate nar of Lhaolalns her
tofore has had the effect, unfortunately, of
loaaioic many men idw ine omco wno nave noi
brought credit upon their profession, nor ob
tained the oonndeaoe and respeot of tbe offioers
and men of the armr. Shall this state of thlnsa
be continued, or shall Inducements be offered
to ieaa men omtgn standing in ine olerloal pro
ression into tne cnaplatncy , wno snail exert a
wnoieeome and needed influence ujjpn the mor
ala of the arm v officers as well aa men f
There never has been a like armr heretofore
assembled. It Is of the ntmost Importance that
It returns to society fit to discharge honorably
iob ouunui cmiiiia. AnoprsMuoaanacour.
eel of wise and fit chaplains are the dependence
of tbe country for lb prevention of widespread
corruption and demoralization from this source
slter the war.
It should be considered, moreover, tbat In
numerous oases parents bavs consented tbat
tbelr sons should go to tbe war becauas the
oountry bad provided chaplains ; and have
consented that their own pastors should go
with them for this purpose. The present bill,
if passed, will dismiss numbers who have en
tared the service to watch over tbe young men
of their .respective congregations. Tbe bill
nronoess to nar. at the nresent rate of aalarr.
chaplains appointed to hospitals, while It outs
down tbe pay of the army chaplains, whose
duties are far more onerous and arduous.
Finally, a similar bill raduolng the chaplains'
salaries was Introduced last session, and passed
without examination. It was rsoonsldered.
ably discussed, and rescinded. Retrenchment
mA7 be more necessary now, but the ministers
of God In the army wilt cheerfully bear tbelr
parts In a pro rata reduotlon of salariss of all
ofllisrs In tbe publlo service. It surely Is no
way to secure the Divine blessing In this war,
by casting a reflection upon the value of reli
Removal os Ms. Grenough.
Tbe fasolnallng female rebel, Mrs. Greuough,
left her late residence, on I street, evening be
fore last, In cbarge of two officers, for a more
loyal aectlon of country than Washington city.
She appeared to bo In tbe best possible spirits.
Wbsn lbs cars arrived at tbe Camden station.
In Baltimore, an Individual, who recognlzedthe
may, aitempiea io gei up aemonsiration In
her ravor; but the oars moved on without any
disturbance, and by this time Mrs. O, Is prob
ably snugly ensconced In a " cottage by the
New York JUteMeMf. f
i Aban. lilti 9. i'raatJatlon was offered, la
the 'ajMt to dt.ehi-that. while Mew
York baa furnlahednsorV than her quota of
men and money for a vlgetous proeeoutlon of
in war ror we union, sue la opposed 10 ins
National Congress wasting preeloaa tla In de
bating the polloy of emancipating slaves and
owar uDumntiiuiionai measures. t nag s.j
tbs resolution was laid over.
ino ronaiss MONKOB.
fortress " Monroe. Jannarr B The staaner
Connecticut, from New York, whloh arrived
nere tms anarnooo, is to sail mis evening ror
Notiovthern papers were received to day,
-V. V FBOX MISSOURI.
4K rMiL. Jajittrv n A muunHr fcrrlvait
fcVKoHtryesUrday, from Colonel Carr'a eipe-
oreoa. ne says mat uoionei varr capiurea
four rebel officers, a lot of horses, sheep,
tie also states thatPrloe had been relnfero
ed by 3.000 troops from Arkansas, undsr Oen
rURTUBR SUCCMStS Or TBK UNION TIOOFS IN
Cmcmnnli, January 8. A speolal dlspateb
from Hnttonsvllls. Vlrilnla. ssva that Gsnsral
Mllrov'a expedition under Csptaln Laov. Into
Tucksr county, has dlsperssd 00 rebels, cap
turing thslr commissary and a large amount ol
storss: also a first lieutenant and a private.
r our rsoeis were rouna aeaa, ana a large mimi
ner nounnea. A aeuenmem oi ine ioroes
wsre still In hot pursuit of the routed enemy.
THK BOSTON BANKS.
Boilon. Jan. 8-The banks of this cltv have
appointed a committee, to act In conjunction
with similar oemmltteea on the part of the
banks of New York and Philadelphia, to adjust,
with secretary Chase.the banks of the United
States, or from the Treasury to the banks
The committee will leave for Washington to
HCW HAMI'SBtRK DMOCBATIU BTATK CON IN
TION. Concord, X. U., Jan. 8 The Democratic
State Convention met to-day, and nominated
George Stark for dovernor. The Convention
was largely attended, and resolutions were
passed strongly In favor of sustaining tbe Union
and the Constitution.
SAILK0AD Al'ClbENT AND LOSSTjr LIVK.
Oticajo, Jan. 8. The Cincinnati express train
ran Into ihe Hyde Park train, on the Illinois
Central Railroad, five miles from this city, this
morning. Wm. A. Barron, late county judge,
was instantly killed, and ssven other passsn
gers wsre wounded, but not fatally.
(LEASH OP EX-UOTIINOR MORIDEAD.
Bo4tOn, Jan. 8. El Governor Morehead, of
Kentucky, was reieaaea rrom r on warren on
pare la to day.
TO VlROtlflA HKFUQKKSJ.
An adjonrned meeting of the Virginia refu
gees will be hetd to night, at half past seven
o'clock, at 314 Eighteenth street, bstween 11
Diabolical Sblbhion Plot. An attempt
was made on Wednesday night to blow up the
Mansion Beues, at Alexandria, now occupied
as a hoepltal, and In which are several hun
dred patients. A barrel ot powder and pro
jectiles had been clandestinely placed In Ihe
cellar, and a (use attached extending to
stable. Lucifer matches and Chinese crackers
had been profusely scattered all around' the
combustibles. The guard fortunately discov
ered tbe slowly burning fuse, and promptly
extinguished the Ore. It will thus be seea
that, had Ihe scheme succeeded, net only
would there have been a fearful lost of lltr,
but other destruction beyond contemplation.
Taxation. Tbe multiplicity of Ihe possible
objects of taxation, Was well llluitrated In the
resolution offered n the Hous on Wednesdsy,
by Mr. Colfax, directing the Committee on
Ways and Means to Inquire Into the expediency
of taxing railroad passenger travel, the transfer
of stock, tbe discounting of notes, all bills of
exebsnge, and all suits in courts of record.
Hos Je3sk D. Bbioht. It wJli be recol
lected that several weeks ago a question was
raised in the Senate, Involving, tty loyally of
Senator Brlgbt, and that a resolution was of
fered lor bis expulsion. Tbtl subject was re
ferred to the Committee on tbe Judiciary, who,
we learn, have nearly unanimously cone to
tbe conclusion to report against his expulsion
Mb. Simnkr's Brttxa. The lion. Charles
Sumner yesterday addressed Ihe Senate on the
subject of the Trent affair. The gal leries were
densely crowded, while many genii -men of
note, inoluding Secretary Chase, occupied seats
on the floor. The diplomatic corps was largely
represented, including the Auilrmn and French
Ministers. Lord Lyons was not among the
Plvnutlvania Wantiu Lieutenant Maury
predicts that Pennsylvania will gi with tbe
South. She will 'have as muoh of Pennsylva
nia as she wants ; 100,000 Pennsylvania have
already started South ; 4,000 have g)t as far
aa Dranesvllle, and are very desirous of con
tinuing their travels.
sTTbe Thanksgiving Sermons of Rev.
Henry Ward Biecher and of Rev. Charles
Wadsworth, of Philadelphia, have been pub
lished In pamphlet form. Price, Ifi cents per
copy. For eale by Sblllington.
Ktv. Dr. Chekvkr It la expected tbat Bev.
Dr. Cheever will preach In the Hall ol Repre
sentatlres next Sunday afternoon, at 3 o'olock,
as an Invitation will be extended lo him for
Trkasurt Num. The brokers here are
charging a discount of four per centum on
Treasury Notes. Exchange oa New York Is
one fourth per cent.
Illinois. Cottii.n. Samples of Ibis cotton
have been examined in Kogland, and pro
nouncrd to be "23 per cent" beller than Ihe
average samples received from New Orleans.
This rosy be because the staple is really better,
but Is moro probably owing to the diflerence
in picking. It Is well-known that cotton care
lessly picked by gangs ut slaves Is less valU'
able than tbat picked by white families, with,
or without the old of a Tew negroes, working
with, and under tbe Immediate eye of their
owners. Tbe difference in the markets is one,
and wmeUmee two cents per pound.
TilEf T-Bfetim CtRillK
ODUUDJJ O HO DlVn,.
J J , !! !-
IN SENATE, i' V
liT-v THOBsnAT,Jct,18i v
. The VRE-PRBElDENt'preeeBted a commu
nication from Ihe Secretary of War, enclosing
report of tbe Board convened to Inquire Into
the origin and character of tbe typhoid fever
prevalent la the) artsy, together with tbe con
solidated report of the sick and wounded of the
several military '"departaieats bf the United
States for the 'month of October, 1881, with
the annual report of the sick wounded for the
year ending June SO, 1861. Referred to the
Committee oa Military) Anslrs.'
The following were presented and appropri
ately rshrrsdi --. - ' '
. Hi- Mr. HALE: From oltliena of Massaohu-
sstts, asklngitha. passage ofalaw forbidding
any offioer of , the General Qqrerment to ap
point parsons to 1 positions I sot appointed by
By Mr.MOftBtLta r rort olllrsoi of Eaitporf ,'
Maine, asainc ooanav id army rnuvnoiipuiuirc
By Mr. LATHAM: From P.' MoO.Cenins. ask
ing that a survey may be made of the North
Paclno., In vlaW or an overland telegraphic com
munlcatlon with Europe aad Aslatio Russia; -
Rr Mr. COWAN 1 Prom citizens of Psnnsvlva
nla, In favor of ths appointment of homtBpathlo
surgeons tn the army.
Also, one from Jews, for abolishing religious
tests In tbe appointment of chaplains In tbe
Mr. URIMRS presented a resolution request
Inr tha Ranralarr of Slat to communicate the
number of consuls appointed under tbe aot of
August 1, 1881, their numbers, names, reel
dences, etc.; which Was agreed to.
Mr. HALE introduced a bill to punish frauds
upon tbe Treasury.
Mr. WILSON Introduced a bill providing ror
tbe organization of tbe signal department of tbe
Mr. BHEBMAN Introduced a bill regulating
the pay of the army officers.
Also, a bill regulating tbe pay of officials in
coin Houses oi uongrese.
Mr. CLARK Introduced a bill In amendment
to an act establishing a court for Investigating
claims against me unuea niaies.
RltroRTS Or CUNMITTEXS.
Mr. TEN Graft, from the Jadlolarv Commit
tee, reported a resolution for the expulsion ol
Trusisn ron irom ine (senate.
Mr. TRUMBULL, from the same committee,
reported a resolution for the expulsion of Mr,
Mr. WILSON, from the Committee on Hllltarr
Affairs, reported a bill organizing tbe etaff of
generals in ins army.
Also, a bill to inorease ths clerioal fores ol
ths Department of tbe Adjutant General and
Mr. COLL1MER, from the Commitleewin the
Prat Office ana" Post Roads, rsported back a
bill further tn promote the effiolenoy of the
dead-lett8r office, and explained that the addi
tional expense for additional clerks required
was expeoted to be met by money reoelved
from postage on the lettere to be returned to
Messrs. WILSON. COLLAMER and HALG par
tlclpated In the discussion, and tbe bill was
posiponea mi to morrow.
tka, guuAn A(.n corriE.
Mr. FL63ENDEN called up tbe House joint
resolution postponed yesterday; which, after
explanations by Messrs. Vessenden and 81m
mons, was passed yeas 15, nays lo.
BELKASK Or MASON AND RLtDELL,
Tim mnrnln hmtr havlnr nlanaatt th n
clal order of jthl day WHS takin tip.
Mr. BUMNER comtHenoed with the assertion
that everr nrlnclole of International law. whan
lu.ttv RnttlMl. beoorilBB a aatieilatH nf nmni
ana a lanamara oi civilization, especially u
long maintained and detrimental pretensions
are practically renounced, without Congress
nr treaties, suoh a precedent had been estab
lished. Ths release of the persons taken from
the Trent bad been made at the instance of
Great Britain, courteously conveyed, and
founded on the assumption that tbe oapture
was an act nl violence whloh was an affront to
the British flag and a violation ol national law.
fin of these man was tha author nf Ida fnl.
live slave bill ths other, tbe chief author of
tne nunusisring system mat naa aisgracsd tbe
national name. They were Senators, but had
fiven over to violence and outrage that coun
ry to which they owed love, honor, and
obedience. They bad engaged successively
In treason, conspiracy, and rebellion. From
these had resulted Incalculable expenses,
untold derangement of domeittq and foreign
affairs, the levy of almost unprecedented
armies, devastation of extended territory,
plunder of peaoeful ships, and the slaughter
of battlo. While continuing their treason,
they were arrested by Captain Wilkes, an ao
comnllabed offioer. who acted without author
ity from his Government. If, in this arrest, he
forgot tor a moment the fixed polloy of the
Itepubllo, which has been from the beginning
like a frontlet between tbe eves, and Iran
soendedthe law of nations, s tbe United States
have alwaya declared It, his apology must be
found in the patrlotio Impulse by which, he
was Inspired, and the British examples whloh
he could not forget. They wei i the enemies
of bis oountry, embodying in t temselves the
triple essence of worst enmity treason, con
spiracy, and rebellion; and they wore a pre
tended ambassadorial character, wk'oh. aa he
well knew, aocordlng to high British authority,
rendered them liable to be stopped. If, In the
ardor of an honest nature, Captain Wilkes
erred, be might well ssyt
Who can be wis, snszed, tempera!, and furious,
Loyal and neutral In a moment I No win.
Ths expedition of lor violent love
Oitraa the pauicr nun
" Who could refrain
That had a heart to love, asd la tbat heart
toarag i to msk his love kaown 1 "
If this transaction be regarded exclusively la
the light of British precedents, authority ol the
British admiralty; and especially If we accept
toe mi repeawa examine ui nriusn oruisers,
upnoia oy ine urmsa uoverniueni againsi ine
oft repeated nrotests of the United States, wa
shall not find it difficult to vindicate It. Tbe
aut becomes questionable only when brought
io tne touonsione oi inese uoerai principle
wblob, rrom the earliest times, the Amgrloan
Government bas openly avowed and sought to
advanoe, and tvbloh ether European nations
bave aooenled with regard to tbe aea. Indeed.
Great Britain cannot complain except by now
adopting those ldentloal principles; andahould
ws undertake to vldloate tbe aot, It oan be
done only by repudiating those Identical prin
ciples. Our two cases will be reversed. In
the struggle between Laertes and Hamlet, the
two combatants sxebanged rapiers. And now
on this sensitive question a similar exchange
has occurred. Great Britain la armed with
American principles, while to us Is left only
those British principles which, throughout our
history, bave been constantly, deliberately,
and solemnly rejeoted.
Loraiusseii, in nisuispaiou iu i.oru Lyons,
bad asserted tbat tbe ship was pursuing a law
ful and Innocent voyage, but did not specify thi
precise ground on which the aot waa held to be
a violation of International law. It was nnt an
affront, as no accident oan ever bean-affront
to an individual or to a nation. A United
Btatea man-of war might subject a British mall
steamer to searob, put on board of her a prize
crew, and oarry her to a prize port for adjudi
cation, but bad no right to remove persons and
allow the ship to proceed on her way. The
complaint of the British Government la not tbe
exercise of the belligerent right of aearuh,nor
tbat this right was exercised on a neutral ves
sel between neutral ports, nor that It waa on a
mall steamer, nor that It was exercised in a
case not incurring the penalties of contraband,
but precisely on tbe Idea tbat persons not of
ficers of the military or naval service, could
not be taken out of a neutral ship at the mere
a III of a searching officer, without any form of
trial. It Is belter tbat a row guilty should es
cape that tbe many Innooent on every sea
should obtain new security. This security Is
now more valuable, aa a triumph of civilization,
when It was long refused, even at the cannon's
mouth. It is, then, strictly a question of lam,
like the question of tresapaaa between two
neighbors. The British unmpl tint Is narrowed
down to a single puint, nt there are other
points ; had the ship been carrlod into port for
1. Tbat the seUure of the rebel emissaries,
JJ L !
ill That I
IC Would not Iv been
iflnuBt m Vm
rebel emissaries. Inaskaueh aifMutral Bhlfi
art free to oarry all tefHona sMieparawtlrtt
the military or naval service of She snesSy.
j. Are nispaicn oomraoaira or war, so as io
render tbe snip liable to seizure t
These nolnts were dlsoussed In order alereat
length. The American position was. shown
irom toe neKniiauuns in let, muiir rrsunoi
Monroe; In lift, alaj undsr Monroe; In 1817,
under John Qulnoy Adsm; aad In 1841, at the
treaty of Washington. It was also proved from
tha wrltinaa of JeSsrson. Madison. Munree.
John qulnoy Adams, and all the fathers of the
Republic . j . ' '
in tnis surrenaer me uovernmeni aoe not
tM lwii In nnnnilflri it ulntnlr lifts Itself to
the height or IU owa original principles, The!
work of olvlllzatlon Is not flotahed the two
equally endowed nations nay unite la setting
up new pillars, Making new triumphs, and
making theoceaft it highway of pesos rather
man a nignway oi otooa. -m
.,",. -it i iron avusoAia. I .
On motion of Mr. HALK.tbe bill Drovldinf
or the banding of iron clad steamers waa taken
up, tne question oeing on tee amaaomaat, io
substitute, as authority to direct such, balls"
Ins. " President "Tor v fieoretarr of IheNevy."
He stood here aa a representative of afHata
taxea to loa uimoai point oi onauraww. vi a
recent visit there, old men; with tears In their
yes, naa aeciarea maiiney appro nenaea more
danger to the country la the corruptions and
peculations practiced upon ths Treasury, than
irom loa vauvia id arm avruvw yvtm a uwinav
An Immense sum had been paid to Mr. Morsao
two-and a half per cent, on millions of expend
iture, wnen one per sent, was tne lawiui ana
usual price for each- service. Tha oosssnlttee
waa unammuus m lumajua uiw jnwuiiHuui
and though he did not Impugn the .motives of
the Secretary, he thought that this transaction
was a sumoieni reason lor ineir aouon.
Mr. DIXON wss prepared to show that thsre
was a varr arsat savins to the Government by
these purchases. There was no man In tbe
country more Incorruptlbly honest than tbe
Baoretary of the Navy. He waa a man of almost
Roman firmness In bis rsotltude. He thought
the amendment was unjust and mtaclevoue,
and should oppose It Mth all bis might.
Mr. MORRILL was opposed to the amend
ment. It was undignified tn the Senate, an In
direct censure, when, bad there been malfeas
ance In office, there should be.direot and
severe dealing; an official execution of the
offender, and an exeoratlon of the memory of
iha offender. In snob a Lass. If he made a
fight, it must be for a funeral. He did not be I
nave ill oaorviar ui u Biuowtvio tv mvu
Mr. B1HMON8 wished to correct the gentle
man with reference to the ussgs In such com.
missions. Two and a hall per cent, waa not an
unusual per centage. A private lodvidual bad
Invariably made better bargains lhan'Gbvern
Mr. SHERMAN regarded It an unfortunate
fact, that In September last, when Ml ,000 had
been paid toMr. Morgan, thematter was brought
to tbe notice or tbe Secretary, and the ageooy
was still continued. He did not regard the
amendment as a censure upon tbe Secretary,
but waa unwilling, under this state of facts, io
place twenty millions of money In bis bands ror
Mr. DOOLITTLE wa opflosed to tbe amend
ment. A vote of censure was a vote for remo
val.. Tha aot waa either a mistake or a urirdei
If a mistake, there should be no censure; II a
iirlma. aentanca ahould not be nronounced with
out a trial. He would go with him who goes tbe
farthest, In a war against thieves; he would
have them court-martialed, shot, or hung; but
be would never exeoute a man upon ex parte
testimony, without a hearing of tbe accused.
If this vote passes, the Secretary would doubt
less be compelled to resign his office.
Mr. WlLKUiBON,d(d not believe Mr. Welles
to be an honest mad, or the transaction would
never have occurred. He Judged a man by bis
Sots. Are there no honest men to be loundwbo
would do this service for 110,000 or ttO.OOO, In
stead of 1100,000 1
Mr. DOOLITTLE said that 1100 000 had been
saved by Mr. Morgan tn one transaction, In
breaking up an odious and fraudulent monopo
ly In chartering vessels, and It was with an
honest purpose to save tbe Treasury from tbe
grasp or the harpies that be was appointed,
Mr. HALE asked how he knew these facts t
Mr. DOOLITTLE. I would advise the Naval
Committee to go the Secretary and .Inquire.
Mr. HALE. When we waqt your advice we
will ask for It.
Mr. WILSON said, as It waepropused to etrlke
the Seoretary , It should hear him, and by unani
mous consent presented a resolution, which
was adoptsd, inquiring of the Seoretary of the
Navy wby tbe appointment of Mr. Morgan waa
maae, ana now mucn compensation was ai
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Mr. FBNTON, of New York, Introduced a
bill to pay Interest on certain claims against
Mr. WASIIBURNE. of Illinois, introduced a
bill to punish frauds against the Government
Mr. COLFAX, Cbalrmtn of Committee oa
IL. f-.. lM.... -S..VU...1 1Y..a.1a asIIaj! .in I1
uia in. juivo tiu & u nvw., MUW UU jMiW
House bill to abolish the franking privilege.
Tbe bill propases to abolish the franking priv
ilege alter the tlret day of April, 1862. It fur.
ther provides that all persons now entitled to
the franking privilege ate aathorized to send
all mailable matter through the malls' without
pre-payment of postage, the' same having the
name of tbb person sending It written' or
stamped thereon, and upon all such mailable
matter the poslsge shall be collected from the
recipient. Tbe bill further provides that the
poslage on such mailable matter shall be at
the rates now fixed by law, except that speech
es and seeds stamped at such msy be sent In
envelopes, as now, at the rate of one cent, if
not exceeding two ounces In weight, and one
cent lor every additional two ounces or frac
tion thereof; and publo documents, printed
by order of Congress aud stamped as sucb, at
two cents' ner pound or fraction ot a pound.
For any distance exceeding two Ihouiaudj
miles, double these rttes shall be charged and
collected on printed matter thus sent. Publlo
documents, during tha recess, msy bo sent irom
Wsshingtoo to each member of Congress, at
bis residence, lor distribution, without payment
of postage, bat, when malted by him, postage
shall be collected on them, from the recipi
ents, at tbe same rates aa If mailed at Washing
Mr. COLFAX advocated tbe paeage of the
Mr. DUELL, of New York, offered a subttl
tut limiting tbe frankiox orivlleiro to the Post'
master General and tbe various post offlowr;
Closing extended remarks, he said nj hoped, if
retrenchment was to oeoome tne tneory oi ine
day, that it would also ba made the practice,
and that the enort now raauo would tie exten
ded to more Important matters.
Mr. VALLANDIGIIAH, seeing that Ihe day
of small reforms had arrived, hoped that the
retrenchment under consideration, the smallest
of all the rclorms contemplated, would be
Mr. EDWARD3. of New Hampshire, moved
to amend the original bill before acting -upon.
tne auDsmuie. tie movea to amend tne nrst
section ol tbe bill, by striking cut " April "and
inwrllnsr ' Jiilv." Airreed lo.
Mr. it. OONKLING, of New York, opposed
Ibe bill, ami movid o strike out tbe first etctlon
ol tbe bill.
Mr. POMEIIOY, of New York, opposed the
bill, and nronowl that the bill be recommitted
to tha Uommltko on tho Post Office and Poet
Riada, with instructions to report a nsw bill
embracing the lollowlng4 propositions : To
abolish tbe franking privilege entirely, so far as
relates to written matter ;ietwra ui luomucn,
and tbe speeches of members printed for their
own distribution. But that 'all public docu
ments stamped aa such shall pass lreo through
Ihe malls on being franked by a member of
either House or Congress.
Mr. WRIGHT, of lVnn , was opposed to the
Mr. KELLOGG, of 111 , opposed the bill, and
said that, some ot tbe members had said that
Us the shin Into tjari
saa aaiH.asan tiKd
am.hu on a
vllege was a. burden. He
oeoenien tne people, mem-
bersasWhttoslaetd op under this bui
fullyTind tirwftbe burden willingly.
MMBICKslAN, of Penn., ssid, if
any,iembr present whose constituents de
manded tkevabollllon of this privilege, he
would like to beer from him. This cry had
only risen. Irom-ths demagogues. If every
nswi paper were lo make the demand, be would
not vote for It. Ue thought this wss smalt
economy. Ha wanted to tee tne reform lo the
rigni direction. Me wantea io tee gentlemen
Inaulre Into the nnrchasn of shins, horses, and
t provender, ales iato the doings of tbe Adjutant
ueswrai, wim waicn geaiiesten were more or
leeBlkmtllar." - ' y '
i air. BLAIR, of Mo . would Inaulre of tha
geatttttafl If M ever knew of a Southern fieri
tlemsn.whd was'not W fator of abolish bg tna
sir. ususlsjan. never,
t Mf. COL-VAX, of lad , said, that MrVHiileon,
of Va, wat not In favor ot It . ,
Mr. DAWEi My colleagu ought to tske
tbat back. nin in m t. ur
i Mr. WRIGHT, Of PjM., moved to Jay lbs
bill and smendmsnts on,lh table, upon which
the yeas and nayt wtraiordertds 'Yeas 51,
nays 78. e , ;
On, motion, the House adjonrned.
T-The following proceedings In the Honse
oa Wednesday were omitted In our reporter's
account, published yesterday i "
, On motion or Mr. UPTON, it waa resolved
that the Committee of Waya and Means be In
structed to consider thestpedlenoy of report
ing a bill, at their earliest convenience, amend
ing tho eighth section ol the act of Auguit last,
so aa to provide for raising one hundred mil
lions, tnstsaa or su,uuu,vw, or uireot taxation ;
and tha), In thla connection, they consider the
expediency of telegraph and stamp duties, and
excise nuties upon cotton, tooavoo, ana an
mall and dlstlllsd liquors.
On motion of Mr. VOX, It was resolved that
the President be requested lo communicate to
Ihe House what, If any, steps the Executive
Department has taken for the systematic ex
change of prisoners.
Tin. Waa iv tdk Indian TeaarroRr. Tha
following jdlspatoh Irom Memphis, January 3,
Ns published 'in the Southern papers :'
."A dispatch has been recelved-from Little
Itook, Arkansas, containing oMclal Intelligence
that Uolonel James Mcintosh) In oosaaand of
four regiments, had a fight with the forces un
der Opothleyholo, about 7J miles northwest of
Fort Ulbson.'on tbe TOth of December. The
fight lasted fotor hours, and resulted In the to
tal rout of the enemy; who lost !00ln killed,
wounded, and mising. One hundred were
taken prisoners. The Conlederale loss waa 12
killed and 20 wounded. Colunel Molntosh was
still pursuing tbe enemy. Opothleyholo was
fleeing to Kansas. The Confederates oaptured
a large number of negroes, horses, io."
.In this connection, see the telegram from
HU Louis, January 9, giving a report that Mc
intosh, bad joined General Price.
aa-ltasaiale. A stated oommaaleatlon of It
John's Ledge No llalll bs held TIIII (Friday)
fcVKNIHO, at 7 o'clock
Master Muoai la regular standing are Iratsraslly
lollies' WN M. SMITH,
Jan to Secretary
Particular Metier. Th writer of several
anonymous (friendly) notes to a lady who has (a
eouaursd lb veaom of a itviMuy) tugUaUl
dosary, (of the I ribs of Dcajmatn,) and his entire
tinsel, will confer a great favor by making hlmtell
known Iu the parly asgrleted The oueot u rt
drwi-'.jdJ,f paatble. , Jans at
W" AaumaTON LtEOTimsa abbucia
TION. Th BlalU LecTsre will be by
Kev. UKO. B. CUEKVKB, l. 1).,
FRIDAY EVENING, JANUARY 10, 1862.
at rat: ,,
(abject "Tits Jtktnd Jfctuif if MM art
Doors open at 7, Leetar at 8 o'clock
Iklili -t tantl, tob bad at Ihe Bootilorcsand
at th deor Jaa to It
Volt THE ARMY AND NAVY.
ThU ti a sratuakus and original pubic ttlon
of lilelikc Miniature t'ottralti, Jmt large aouh to
enclose In a cummwii tetter eaceleje,fbr satisfying the
curlvltr of dlstaat IrVsnds.or t raaaiit a lAofa
?raj.ic aKu or the wiildpw. Thsy are Jmt the
utg as a wUtdlM in turners' rIAeie limt, when each
day Dnogs rortu luyacame or in inmiiwi jr or coj
licllom. they an much mpcnir to photographs, as
iDir wiu lor updbio ur !.
Wa utorssse ths collection every week by ad
dltlanal Fortral s of InUrestug personages
49- rrios, slag I eopy, 10 cents, Sent to aay ad
dries la ths United atatts free of pottage Ihe
money most iSooafptsj evety or dtr.
Asms Waateo.to tell dliectly to toldlcis Oar
teraw to them are very liberal, aad they will find it
a Manly rrolttable butlatat
L. ritaNOi CO ,
FsblUter. and Lithographers,
OKU Devwth street,
Fcrnr doera from O,
a tfA-ri femi and port diirtiaaj(afeilerf
to- List of Portraits, January, 1862, Published
p a.t a I o t s .
1, George Waiblagton
j. uon "on
I V 8 A. llouglai
it. T. French Mtiaher
a John Brown
39. lloo Beniy Trileoe
so. V. p. Bl li
st Ool, Lf e, Twin'ltlh
12 Oca Franklin
3.1 " JemttoB
M Com Dapoat
SS Qn Rlehardsoa
S.U1 G Farhaas.
8rrtsae.fl or (
ST. uspt. wnsei
to " Sickles
II " MtCall
4.' ' Hlocuaa
it Col Cutler,
If" Poo '
4e I leat Col Cameren
II. Col Puiyea.
ID ' Baker
30 " J. K Muiphy
21 " Mlsworth
IS Abraham Lincoln
;i Hecretery 0. Welles
as Major Heart
u. lemg r
1 A. H. Blepbeni
J. Uen Beauregard
i " A. H Johniton
a. " Lea.
7. hx senator Meaon
to ' Johasoa
IL ' Baa McCulloth
Kotice to ihe PuMIc tieaertllyi
Our sla Is to brlag Within the means of etery
itttrloaa a solleetloa of Portraits of Prominent
Jharasters belonging t tht-prt-ent InMraatiag
:poch of thla ami ifiptal'c. Suoh a etlleettea of
orreet llkenenei will latiastt In vale as years
paas oa w Baiter oarstlves that we nave Keen
suoMufal la pertrsylng th expressions, Iru to life
la very can wmn a aoou original (pemuoa,
gmrreot)p',photofiaph,et ,) waa obtainable
ierreuii-iuvuaiiu, cvo ,J wm vuiuii.ui,
Parllee eonneated with tha armvl or aavv. who
Willi locbtala or Nil a Portrait ol aome ptrtloular
perton, not la our Hit, can have such raiJ to onUr,
at rraionable terms and short rotloe, guaranteeing
to thein the eacluslve aa'e
N B All orders, accompanied by the money, will
be promptly attended to, and forwarded to any camp,
by mall, In of obarg,from the Offloe In Wailtlng
ton, Wo t JO geventh lUeet Jaa 10 t
OKIiKUT BOHOOLi FOR GIltLI.
12 Per Quarter, Trench and Kttilo Included.
Mm A ZAITCNK, rilciclpal,
No II1IC street,
Niar the Circle
a- r an i.iitd Kooais lor Itcnl.on very mxterate
teruu, in tbe same tlilldUg ueo 31 u