Newspaper Page Text
hUtaM Mir, lutan "J1
BY W. J- MtlBTAOH OO.,
oionot at. wiiroM, IMTOB.
m- Th pblleUo cfae of th JMitaal
rtetmbtitan I t th aortt "' of D aa
i-'evtntk- street, teooad . 0r W. D. 8bp.
herd store, aatrtao on Seventh tr t.
MMfey, Jawury 13, t8M.ll
a- fleaila BMt everr Pl-
Octsidk. Blowing op th Alexandria Hoe
plul; Presentation of colon to th Thirty-
firth New Yoik regimeol i Richmond Priton
MBBI MATTMM IN COM Q BUM.
The abolition of the franking privilege en
counter! great oppotltlon In th House, although
a mtjorlty seem to favor It. There li a good
deal of force In the objection! urged against
the bill, bat from the point of view of the rw
cesellle of the Treasury, we hope It will past.
Pottage la a tax, and, like all taxes, it disagree
able; but the exlgenclea of the iltuation render
lart taxation Inevitable.
It li a aafe rule, now, to aupport anj tax,
which U tolerably fair. If no lax is to be Im
posed, to which objection can be made, na
tional bankruptcy will be the immediate re
sult The House was largely occupied last week
with a bill making appropriations for the sup
port of the GoTernment for the jeer commenc
ing on the 1st of July next. As that class of
bills may as well be passed three months hence,
tt is probable that the; will be laid aside for
the present, to take up the measures more
pretitngly needed, to supply the Treasury with
means to carry on the war.
The general principle, that heaTy taxation
must be resorted to, seems to be agreed to on
all rides in Congress. Accord upon details
Involve more difficulties, and as taxes are sue
ceeslvely proposed, they may be succeeelvely
met with the same resistance which has been
displayed upon the bill to abolish franking,
But the absolute necessity ol large taxation of
some kind, may be relied upon to compel
agreement at last.
It seems to be understood that the Committee
of Ways and Means will report some measure
to mske United States stocks a bsals of banking.
The bill, which they hare already reported,
making treasury notes a legal tender, is being
discussed with great diversities of opinion.
We believe It to be flagrantly unconstitutional,
and as a revolutionary measure, unnecessary
and prematore. Taxation should first be tried,
sad we can well afford to wait a little, and see
If something does not turn op in the fortunes
of the wsr, which will Improve the value of
cur national credit. As yet, the depreciation
ol treasury notes U nominal, and U they are
made (as proposed) convertible into six per
cent stocks, they cannot fall lower than the
market value of such stocks, which it net now
alarmingly below par. At we are apparently
upon the eve of decisive military operations,
why not wait their results ! If war Is, to some
extent, a game of chance, It is not to be as
sumed that we are always to be in III luck.
Undoubtedly, the time may come, when des
perate measures must be resorted to, bat it
has not yet come, and may never come.
The long talked of boat expedition trom
Cairo started on the 10th Instant, landing a
portion of the troops the same day, about mid
way bttween Cairo and Columbus, thus Indi
cating that the attack upon the latter place is
to be a combined one by land and water. Of
the character of the gun and mortar boats, see
elsewhere in this paper a description taken
from the New York CWnercfcrt Advertiser.
. If the account telegraphed from Cincinnati
Is to be relied upon, Humphrey Marshall's ex
pedltlon has come to an extraordinary conclu
sion. He started from the mountains towards
the Ohio river, with the announcement that he
intended to eat his Christmaa dinner in Cincin
nati. The rebels expected a good deal of him,
from his military education and experience,
the righting qualities of his fsmlly, and bis
great Intellectual capacity. A marked trait in
his character, aa well understood here, was
fitlulntss. As a politician, nobody could pre
diet what he would do the next hour. What
he Is reported to have just done on the " Big
Sandy," is a military exhibition of the same
ibaracteristlo, which so marred the dignity and
usefulness of his career in civil life.
The Burnside expedition was last heard of
at Hampton Roads. The suspense in respect
to It destination will be soon over. Wbetever
it strikes, it will deal a heavy blow.
We are Ihus, at various poiots, on the eve of
great events, which will determine, not whether
the rebellion is lo be put down, sbout which
there never was any question, but whether II
is to be put down speedily.
TtiAuRirwMi. The inaccuracies, appa
rently unavoidable, In the tnuumluion of news
by the teUgrapb, sometimes make strange
Thus, In the reports of last Friday's pro
ceedings in me benate, as published in the New
York papers, Gen. Link is made to say, that it
icasnrue ne naa accepted m Vrlgadler Ueneral
Mp tendered him," when, in fact, he said, " U
was not true," ro. The word "not," which
somehow got dropped out by the telegraph, is
a very small word, but it changes the msanlog
of a sentence very materially.
pf Mr. Blair's plan of apprenticing and
deporting the slaves of rebels, with or without
their consent, la perhaps aa gcod a plan as be
could be expected to offer, as a representative
man, with a Missouri constituency. But while
we appreciate the cMfflcnltle of hit position, we
oibbM Believe that anything short of the un
coaAlstenal emancipation of the slaves of
rebfetBete either the necessities of the rase,
or toe aemanat or punuc opinion.
As regards colonization, the President's re
commendation Ibat provision be made to
the emigration cf such people of color as are
fjwUUog to emigrate," seeeM to be going far
(tough jo mat amotion.
TOB aOVMIOt Or sttCHIOAW OR
Gov. Blair, of Mlchlna. In bis let message
to the Legblature, gives utterance o the fbl
lowUtr teatiMtwtt. vat forcibly express the
views of tee whole cooauy, la extoaaoa w
which Ik people, la mm torn, aill toon It
aratlveUdsmaNd.- ; -
' I otot close thtt brief adores without
allusion to the great subject which bow occu
pies all men's mind. The Boutaern rebellion
still maintain a bold front against the Union
armies. That I lb cause of all oar compli
cations abroad, and our troubles at home. To
deal wisely with It, It to find short and easy
dellveranoe trom them all. Th people of
Mlchlna are no Idle spectators of this grat
contest They have furnished airthsTroops
required ot them, tad are preparing to pay ins
taxes, and to submit to the most onerous bur
dens without a murmur. They are ready lo
Increase their sacrifice, If need be, to require
Impossibilities of no man, but to be patient
and wait But to tee the vast armlet of the
Republic, and all lit pecuniary resources need
to protect and sustain the accursed system
which ha been a perpetual and tyrannical dls
turber, and which now make sangulniry war
upon the Union and the Constitution, is pre
cisely what they will never submit to tamely.
The loyal States having furnished adequate
meant, both of men aad money, to crush the
rebellion, have right to expect those men to
be used with the utmost rigor to accomplish
the object, aad that without any mawkish sym
pathy for the Interest of traitors In arms. Up
on those who caused the war aad bow main
tain it, its chief burdens ought to fall. No
property of a rebel should be free from confle
cation not even the sacred stave. The object
of war la to destroy the power of the enemy,
and whatever measures are calculated to ac
complish that object, aad are la accordance
with the usages of civilized nations, ought to
be employed. To undertake to put down
powerful rebellion aad at the same time to save
aad protect all the chief sources of Ihe power
of that rebellion, seems, to common minds, but
a short remove from simple folly. He who is
oot for the Uoioa unconditionally In thit moral
straggle, Is against It. The highest dictates ol
patriotism, justice and humanity combine to
demand that the war should be conducted to
speedy close upon principle ot the most he
roic energy aad retributive power. The time
for gentle dalliance haa long since passed
away. We meet an enemy, vindictive,
bloodthirsty and cruel, profoundly la ear
nest, Inspired with aa energy ad self-sacrifice
which would honor a good cause, respecting
neither laws, Constitution, oor historic memo
ries, fanatically devoted only to hi one wicked
purpose to destroy his Government aad estab
llsh his slaveholdtng oligarchy in its stead.
To treat this enemy gently Is lo excite his de
rision. To protect his slave property, is to
help him butcher our people and burn our
houses. No. He mutt be met with aa activity
and a purpose equal to his owo. Hurl the
Ualoa forces, which outnumber him two to one,
upon his whole line, like a thunderbolt ; psy
them out of bis property, feed them from his
granaries, mount tbun upon bis hones, and
carry them in his wsgons, if he has any, and
let him feel the full force ot the storm of war
which he haa raised. I would apologize neither
to Kentucky oor anybody else for these meas
ures, but quickly raoge alt neutrals, either ou
the one side or the other. Just a little of the
courage aad ability which cirried Napoleon
over the Alps, dragging his cannon through
the snow, would qulekly settle this contest,
and settle it right If our soldiers must die, do
oot let it be of the Inactivity and diseases of
the camps, but let them at lesst hsve the satis
faction of falling like soldiers, amid the roar of
battle, and bearing the shouts of victory; then
will they welcome It aa the tired laborer wel
comes sleep. Let us hope that we have not
much longer lo wait"
Item the Betttanre Sea er Jsa-is.
" WILL TD OOXTSAlaRM WlUt'f
This la Iha n notion nrotMnndal bviMvtfal
of Iha Rauthara cnrraaaocdtaH W Northern
Joomals, aaa whtU at of tbeat aa,
th aaVtMNve, taken fBfrr th t-gttlfA
Port Royal wirrespoadswC of Ihe'Mea
(N. H.) Amniomk, w see, ts rurMsMag ota
telling evMtao oa th teAJeot.i Thrwlti
V -...: .raLJtTS:
hi, u. . Honisiana. 01 MUNimwri
large number of th Mbjeot of strife trader!
Dis cnarge, near oeauion, ginning canon, a jj
are lo be paid eight dollan per month for their
work, (1,) and have the same rations furnished
them aaare given to all our troops. (2.) Soma
of these fellow work very wall, bat generally
the are on the watch to escaM th eve of the
orerteer, aad be off oot of way of all work.
ray teem lobe no inducement, is. j xneyan
bora staves.tr Igooraat sad ladoieot, aad the
philanthropist will have broad new to work
la to bring them to proper elate or Industry.
( ) Certain emaodpaUoolst oaght to travel
what negroes are. (8.) Hearing will perplex,
and teeing obfuscate the whole who era over
This la a flat contradiction, save th H. I,
Emt.it. la maav a alitemeat BNVlouelr Dub-
llsbed. Nobodv. we suppose, trill doubt that
Mr. Bum's Bill. A bill Introduced in the
House by Mr. Ulalr, is upon the same principle
aa on introduced In the Benate by Mr. Uoo-
UUle.la respect to tasking the direct national
tax a lien upon the several lots snd parcels til
land in the Stales not assuming such tsx, and
In forfeiting such lots and parcels of land to
th Government, subject to a right of redemp
tion In lavor of loyal men. In addition, Mr.
Blair a bill contains the following provisions
in respect to the colonization of negroes:
The slaves of rebel masters, taken bv our
army, or brought Into our lines, or comfot: lo
voiuoiamy, snail ue protecieu, ana toe rignit
of rebel masters divested by a summary ex
amination of commissioners, and certificates ol
These emancipated persons shall be hired to
employers leasing Government lands, or em
ployed by Government in publlo works, or
Indentured to agriculturist or mechanics for a
term of Ave years of all over twenty-one, and
until twenty Ave years ol age of all under
twenty-one, reservlog reasonable wages lor
their service, which wsgea shall go to Govern
ment. lo be held lo trust lor said persons, and
to bt used In deporting them to new homes the
employers to lend, dome, ana lodge tnem
If any State thall emancipate its slaves, they
shall be taken la charge of by the United
States and treated In the same manner as slaves
taken from rebels. Any tree negroes wishing lo
emigrate shall be deported by Government and
provided for aa alaves emancipated under this
Th proceeds of Ihe salea of the lands eud
other Drooertr of rebels, aad the wares of ap
prenticed and hired persons, shall create a
national fund, one-third to pay the cost of pro
viding new hornet for emancipated persons and
traosooruoff mem werew, uue-iuira w pay
the federal tax imposed on the rebel Slates,
and one-third to pay loyal ownen m emancl
paled slaves, and the losses of loyal persons by
reason of the rebellion.
The President shall acquire in Mexico, South
America, Central America, or Islands In the
Gulf of Mexico, lands, or the riirht of settle
ment on lands, to which emancipated staves
shall be transported, single persons receiving
forty acres of land, and married persons eighty
a man " who has lane number of Ihe sub
jects of strife under his charge" It more
rename witness man ue aewspaprr wn
(1.) It ha beealh privilege of the under
signed to make several toun of observation
through porticos of th Southern ooast I bav
made full notes of my progress, aad speak with
perfect knowledge of all the mots. Without
any disparagement to lb gentleman earned,
it should be borne la mind that he hat cm-
ployed the blacks, aad write of-them undlr
bis Northern experience of labor." It It hardly
fair to compare free with tlave Uborbo bask
ot sfyM dollars month a trifle over twenty-
fiv (tub day. How many Northers laborers
would work, and expect to support themselves
and families at such a rale? Let the price be
comparatrvsly equal, aad then the cooelusloas
would be comparatively fair.
(2.) It may be true, la torn cases, but It
Is by no meant a la all that th colored la
borers lo our lines receive " army rations." I
know of oo general officer, la a very Import
ant post, who give th negroes (ao matter
how different the labor required of them may
be from that to which they are accustomed)
scarcely anything but hominy and moIaee.
Would Northern laborers be content with that 7
They ought to be, If they are to be compartd
with negro laborers. To negroes ire to bi
required to load and onload heavy cargoes ol
ships, transport raft In Ihe water, build en
trenchments, and do the hardest kind of work,
lo the case relerred to, mostly oo hominy and
molasses. Is such test a fair oae !
It ahould be remembered, too, that If " ra
lions " are given to the oegro laborers, cloth
ing it not They must clothe themselves in
winter weather, aad at work where there is
always great wear and tear of clothes, the
beat way they can. Where It the money to
buy their clothes to come from, while they have
to support themselves and families (and nearly
all hava them) on ticentyfivt cents a day!
(3.) Why does " pay teem to be no Induce
meat"! For the very good reason that the
negro, let him work ever to hard, bat no guar
ante that even the small pay "be gets trill be
bis ! A genenl officer, id command ol1 a post,
where It h hoped by him the vanquished and
vanished slaveholders will return, confess their
rebellion and have their slaves restored to
them, recently intormed me that he should pay
back to their owners all the negroes migtt
earn 1. This fact is sooo learned by the blacks;
and what Inducement, then, have they to labor r
All hope of reward is stricken down dead with
in them all motive to industry la utterly taken
away from them end yet they are expected,
on tieenlyfivt cent a day, and fed en hominy
and molasses, to work like the free and com
pensaled laborers of the North! Wat ever
comptrison more unjust?
(t.) Whit does this fact prove that ' men
who are born slaves are ignorant aid Indo
lent? " Dote It not prove too much Tor slave
ry! that If you continue to keep men in slave
ry you will keep them Ignorant and indolent ?
Touse the apt phrase It doo't prove " anything
else; " and if there is any argument la such s
fact to support slavery -1 cao't tee it." Giv
a maa freedom aad you remove hit IguortnceS
give blm fair wages, with eduoatioo, and you
remove his Indolence other things being
equal. Educated liberty, alone, Is ' Ihe proper
state of Industry." All history and experience
unite with common sense to attest this lo be
(5.) I happen lo be one of the " eniinclpation
ists " who bave travelled " among negroes south
of Washington;" I bave lived among them, for
yean, In this country and la the West Indies.
I therefore "speak Ibat which I know and tes
tlfy that which I have seea," when I put here
on record the fact that the negro will work
well, when kindly treated and fairly paid. The
facta of the case abundantly prove this. It
will yet be proved more triumphantly in Amer
ica. (.) The force of the slratoed inlerence ol
the N. Y. Express Is all broken by the tingle
fact that some of the most " reliable witnesses "
in Ihe case of negro laborers, who are ' newt
paper correspondents," are the very persons
who are directing much of this labor. It seems
that this gentleman In question, who baa eo
many negroes In charge, is himself corresponj
dent for the Manchester Uuanlian ! I can read
ily bring thousands of competent witnesses to
the stand officers of the regulsr army and
navy, quartermasters, surgeons, paymasters,
colonels and generals who will Wtfy that
when well cared for and fairly paid th negroea
work to the advantage of the public service.
It will be found, too. as thia neat strunla
for the Union and the Constitution progresses
to Its conclusion of p 'ace and liberty, that the
negroes can do othtr Odnys to promote it, quite
St important as uuor.
C. W. Dzmso.v, U. S. Chaplain,
from Port Royal, a C.
i 3 r j . t-t -. i
BBADLoita rutBjr or tnrarBBir WitBi.i;t
, COLONEL. ftlAnMKLS IN POUSUIT.
EABTBRN KENTUCKY CLEARED' Or''
Cincinnati. January 11. The Oatetteot this
cliy haa th rololwlnr i J '
rrom is eauor ei ine rate nanar hook al
ley .idiocaX,Bow on of th proprietor of the
Loulevtn Dtmocrat, who arrived her from
Bandy Valley, yesterday, w learn that the sec
oad rebel Invasion orEaatara Kentucky has
ended In a dltcraoerul rout
Oa Monday mat Colons! Oaraeld'a forces, In
cluding. lb Forty -second Ohio regiment, and
eighteen hundred cavalry, had proceeded up
the Big Bandy to PalneavUle, within seven
mute ni ue renei camp wnen iney were met
by a flag of trne from Humphrey Marshall,
asking If matten could ant be arranged with
out a tght.'
uoionei uarneui lmmea lateir raouea mat ns
could offjr oo arraogettent, and that they (the
rvneisi ransi eiiner sint or summer uncou-
tiumpnrey aursnaii men aaareasea dis men,
tailing inem itey naa u anenwiive or surren
der or dlsbaadinar. and tlvtni them tbetr choice.
Tber Immediately coHeoted and sst fire to
all their wagons, tents, camp equipage, etc,
ana men eaaa man waa permiuea to tate cure
of himself, and the whole foroe scattered In
The rebels made no Alterant lo save anv
thtng exoept their cannon, which waa hauled
Colonel Garfield has dispatched his oavalry
In punult, and they expect to capture tbe
Rnn. andperhapa pick up many of the (lyln(
lna rebels in Northeastern Kentuoky, from
th high estimate In which Humphrey Mar
shall' military abilities were held, had strosg
hope of (ucoesa under his leadenhlp.
A sufflclsnt Federal force will be left In thai
region to secure lie future peace and safety.
Th Coaiteted aatfnrlal Stat Fioaar
' KBasas. x .'!
In BtNAT Wnkkaviflu. Jnn. A. lftill.
Jar. aURRIf,. Mr. PreeMent.lt It no parlor
merino an BBgumeni ontae
indlnat hut aa tie Commute on
ere dBjUari tiaan tfc mtMtlMi.
to throat and jJ htapsn to fee
trtlr olBkat eosrinltiMi. it la 4a
t W thlha l f th. o..
from Hew York, I with merely, not by any
meant, of course, to cast anr rtnuiii n,nimiim
on the correctness of the Senator from New
York) but aa It haa bten tomttlme a matter of
doubt I have heard it doubted here at least
whether what takea place In committee la
proper to be alluded to here, I wish the opln
(n of Ihe Chair whether, at a matter of order,
it . irurer-iur.ua.inuaiuaiaie Diiiaerioajiy
hnw ciur committees nra divided on an nnu.
tlOB. . . J MTI,
The PBESIDiHO OFFICER, (ilr.Smiuux In
the chair.) I hope the Senator will excuse the
Chair from expressing any opinion en thai
wwiiita av injvumniuiaiD nnmr, lempurkri
The War in Mlttonrl.
JtXNISON' J1TB1WIIM AT WORK.
ixdalia. ito.. Jan. . Intelllxence. known In
be of a reliable character, haa just been re
oelved her from Johnson oouaty , lo the eneot
that a part of Col. Jtnnlton't regtmtst, tbe Jay-
nawtere, was ai uaiaen, ana mat tney naa
made a descent on the nettbborbood where tbe
Government wagons wtrt burned, and had flred
me nouasa or me moat prominent reoeu en
gated In that affair, a well aa In tbe attack on
Major Hough's commtnd.
The house of the notorious Cockerall, a
Methodist preacher, and Tompkins Bradley, s
vinuoisi vines icnuor la iuv fining uouruu.
have been flred, together with the houses ol
rebels of letter note.
The rebelt In Warrentburg are said te be In
a high state of exoltement concerning the near
approach of Jennlaon. They well know that
tber bav committed all aorta of outranes on
tbe quiet and peaceful olttzens of that country,
and that If Justice be meted out to them, their
houaea will be Burned. It in said that Cock
rail ha gone to Price's camp with about 300
dii iit or i iibel roaca on tiLVta csnx
a, Louis. Jan. 10. Gen. Pabaer telegrspbs
to Osn. Hallaek, from Olterville, that on tht
8th Instant Major Perrence and Hubbard, with
WVUWIllftllWU IUB mPIUIIUMIWIIUHI-
dexter, with from 1,000 to 1,300 men on Silver
creex, in Howara county, totally routing tnem
witn a loss or stven xiuea leit on tne neia,
while many mora were carried off: from flflr
to seventy-lite wounded and thirty prisoners.
Our loss waa four killed and wounded.
The rebel camp waa destroyed ana a large
number of borsss and tsamt taken. A heavy
fog' which prevailed at the time, alone aaved
them from complete destruction.
mat rata Hattaras.
ARBIVAL Or CONTRABANDS.
Forlrts Monroe, Jan. 10. The B. R. Bpauld-
Ing arrived from Fort Hatteraa Inlet this murn-
Int. Bhe brinia no newt of particular In
The enemy nave not made tneir appearance
since the Sin of December.
On the 21th of December there arrived In an
open boat from noanoke itiana nrteen contra-
UfiDur. vu ina uaf vviuio uivopiuiuiiiK ion.
Ave slaves arrived from Plymouth, who bad
oeen nve aaya on me voyage. Tney say mat
they were fired at as tney passed Roanoke
Tbey also report much privation among the
neonle. The aoldlera at Hatteraa are oon-
ducting an adult school far the Instruction ol
Will tub CoNTtAnANue Woix? We refer
our.reeders to triumphant answer to thit ques
tion, given by Key. u. w. Uenlson, In another
eolumn. He hat just arrived from Port Royal,
aad peak or wnat ne cnowt. .
Giviati.gicxi.ts'u brigade officers sre to be
coanajaiooed by the Government, aad no, by
The HrrcunmoN Family. This noble family
of patriotic and liberty-loving singer, trill
give another concert to-night, at the room of
the Young Men't Christian Association, oppo
site Brown's Hotel. Those who desire to bear
them to-nlgbt, must go early. We are glad to
hear that arrangements are being made to give
the army an opportunity of bearing their pa
TBI KXriDITION (.TASTED.
Cairo, Jan. 10 Special dispatch to tbe Chi
cago rimei. The advance or the expedition,
composed of MoClernand't brigade, landed
eight miles down the Mississippi, at the mouth
of Mayfleld Creek, on the Kentucky aldo,
wbere tbey pitched their tents for the night.
Ueneral Grant and staff went down during
the afternoon and returned during tbe even
rCRMlnSlON TO LAND BRITISH TROurS AT PORT
rurtlaml. Me.. Jan. 11. The steamship Hiber
nian will come here Aral, and land her mulls
and paassngsrs, and then go to Bt. Johns, N. F.
Mr. Seward bat telegraphed permission for
tne uritisn troops to oe lanaea nere, ana con
veyed to Canada or elsewhere.
TBB FRIVATEKR BDNTI AUAIN.
Netn York, Jan. 11. The sohooner J. P. Roles
reports mat tne pirate oumter waa on Antigua
Dec. Gtb, but that tbe Governor would not per
mit ber to enter tbe harbor.
OEN. llcTLKR'n IXPEDITION.
Boston, Jan. 10. In conssquenoe of orders
I rom Washington the troops of Oen. Butler's
expedition will be disembarked from the
steamer Constitution. Col. French's regiment
will be landed at Fort Independence, and tbe
Twelfth Maine regiment will return to its camp
LATEST BY TELEQBAPH.
Bath Not Burned by the Kebelt.
frederuk, Jan, 11 The rumors In circula
tion that the town of Bath, Virginia, haa been
burnt are untrue. The rebel army, under lien.
Jackson, are in and around Batb. Tbey burnt
a grist mill and soms other buildings y esterdsy.
There are no hostile demonstrations along Ihe
Front Fortress Monroe. '
Zlatiimors, Jan. 11. The Old Point boat has
arrived rjere from Fortress Monroe, ami bringa
no news of any Importance whatever.
No letter haa been received frem any of the
correspondents of the general press.
Comitavt EticArs ot Slavm.-A Point of
Rocks correspondent esys that the negroes,
sometimes, In their efforts to etctpe from
slavery, wade through t he Icy river lo tbe
Islands in It, and, crossing these lo the margin
of the water near the Maryland shore, wave
white handkerchiefs Incessantly till .they aia
brought within our line. Aa tbey generally
manage to run the gauntlet of th rebel
picket at night, they sometimes remaiu many
houn oo the Islands before they are noticed,
and tuffei Intensely from cold, hunger, tnd
terror. Hope alone sustain them.
LiMMMi British TROom. By permission of
Secretary Seward, the British troops, which
came over lo the Ulberula, destined lor Cana
da, have beta Itndedtt Portland.
ly, It not familiar with Ih'e rule of the Senate.
in tnenonseoi Representatives, l believe, u
It not within the rules tnanank nrirmrinlnra
of committee, or, anything that ooourred In
a committee: ,1 oannot speak or the Benate.
Mr. HARRIS, la there It no report of the
mtooniy.A sen caned 'upon to Hate the views
of that minority on this occasion. I suppose,
If the minority had made a written report, as
th malorltv haa aesn At to do. It nmdd hnvn
appeared ot the face of the report llaeir how
the comipl tee stood.) I had no Intention of
violating any rule of the Senate, or any rule of
uruer, wuu rvifirance to tnia BUQjeCI 1 WHH
only casually station how the committee stood
on the Question. I deslr liiititnlhit I iun
ofth minority; and under these ctroumstat.ces,
tbat I leel ca led upon to state the views of that
minority, unwritten report had been made
by them. I shnuld hv nnnlentari mrjiflir liv
simply voting on the question.
Mr. FOSTER. I suppose, Mr. Presldsnl, that
w coo uktb uiu una report iron! a commuter;
that minority cannot report lo the Senate.
That baa been a question t -me what dlscusssd
here, and I believe the decision uniformly has
been that there can be but one report from h
committee, it mere is anything additional,
there maybe vlewsof other persons; butlhero
can be hut one report.
Mr. HARRIS. Certainly the minority of the,
committee may be allowed In some lurm to
dlsssnt from the conclusions of the majority,
and whether it be called a report or dissent, Is
a question which I do not propose to dlscuai,
nor do I deem it worth while to consider It. 1
Li not care whether the Senator rnm Con
necticut call Itareport.or rtdlfsent from hi
The ground on which the minority of the
committee place their conclusion la this: it is
Erovlded In Ihe Constitution that no person
oldlng any office under the United States shall
bave a seat In this body. That la Ihe only pin
vision in the Constitution applicable, to this
question. No person holding any ofilue under
the United S'ates shall have n seat In this body.
If a Senator accepts an office alter lie haa bo, n
elected Senator, thai office belrc Incompati
ble with his right to a seat In thia body, he
thereby, ipso fado, per e vacates his scat as ii
Senator; and it la only In that way that tho
aeat of the Senator from Kansas can be con
tested or Questioned. It Is becauso he haa
accepted another office incompatible with his
seat as a Senator.lncomnatlble with his office
aa a Senator, thereby vacating his right to it
seat In this body, that the claimant bore u.in'l
contest nit seat.
A 1 understand Ibis provision of the Consti
tution, whlob Is Invoked here for tho nunioae
of displacing General Lane and placing In his
seat sir, Dtaown, tnere are tnree conouioLs;
mere must oe an omce, mere must ne an an
polntmant to that office, and there must be an
aooenunce of tbat appointment. Without at
all oooalderlog the latter twoofthebe conditions,
1 Insist tbat there waa no suoli office on the
JOtb of June as tbat to which Goneral Lane is
alleged to have been appointed, and which, It
It alleged, be accepted. On the 3d of May, tbe
rresiuent issusa nis proclamation calling tor
seventy-Are thousand of the mlltlla of the
oountry to defend the capital, Tbey were tn
be apportioned among the States. On the '.Mlh
of June, tbe President made the appointment
In question, In which he appoints GeneralLtne
.brigadier general in the volunteer force to be
raised under the proclamation of tho 3d of May.
That is Ihe form of tbe appointment. Hlslntler
of appointment so expresses It: "Brigadier
general In the volun.eer lorce to be raised
undsrthe proclamation of the 3d of May." Now,
I Insist that that waa no appointment to any
office. An office confers upon a man A right, a
title which may be enforced, which may be
defended, for which be may sue to recover tbe
office, and to recover which he may expel an
Intruder. There was no such office. It was a
thlog entirely In anticipation nl tbe act ol
Congress; tbe office could only be created bv
act of Congress: " an office under the United
States " Is the language of the Constitution.
mere was no sucn omce aa nrigaaier general
of the volunteer force to be raised under the
proclamation of the 3d of May; and If this re
bellion bad subsided. If It had ceased to exist
bsfore tbe assembling of Congress tn July, or
if Congress bad not seen At to pass the act ol
Julv TS. by whlob the President was author
ised to appoint brigadier generals rf volun
teers, tbere never would bave been BU'.h an
The Benator from Connsoticut speaks of a
man holding an omoe de facto. I understand
very well that such a thing may occur, but it
Is when the office exists. Tbe office must ex
ist before man can bold an office tie fcu.lo.
Tbe cases to whlob be referred are cases where
there was an office, but where the man whs
not legally entitled to the office where he as
sumed to officiate in the otttoe. Here was n
case where the President assumed the power,
and It was perfectly understood by the whole
country to be assumed, to annnlot men to an
office wbloh did not exist and could only exist
bract or Congress. Whether or no such an
office should ever exist, depended entirely on
the volition of Congress, and not of the Presi
dent. Under these circumstances, Gsneral
Lane bavlng been appointed, on the twen
tieth of June, to an office which did not
exist brigadier general of the forces to be
raised Under tbe proclamation of the 3d May
fJB)'Ai will bo seen by our telegraphic ad-
ft, eomecl the troops ot Gen. nutlet's ex
prwion bave been ordered bwk, and aro now
In etwtp In MaAsachtiselts. There bave bten
aVndns dlflWonce.1 as lo Ibe officering ol some
of tbe regiments from Miumchiisctl, between
Gov, Andrew and Geo, Butler, which mayle
the cause of Ibis otherwise not very Intelligible
Swonii Prkhentation. Oa (he eveolng of
the 8th lost., the members of company G, Nine-
weutu inatana rrgimtni,.as aa appropriate
observance of tho anniversary or the memora
ble b"alile"of Ne w Orleans, onii In appreciation
of ue'BraveryklndtirfeVnnd courlo'sy or their
osmmaoder, dpi. 'J. R, Clark, .presented him
witn a etmirni sword, through private 8. 8.
Upbam. Th company Is located at Fort Craig. , .
Indiana vey deservedly; Indulges la n rood
degreo of esprttdV corps. The Captain cnler-
tainrn tne ooys nandsomnly.
Ri'MOR. It wss rumored about town lafl
night that Burnslde's expedltlon'had lell Port
ress Monroe, and wat coming up the Potomac;
also, that Gen. Helntzleman'a and Gen. Frank
lin's dlvivlons had advanced neveinl miles In
the direction of Occoqtian. We bave no meaus
at Ihe present writing cf verifying the truth of
Richmond Prisoners PaipOi-k. Some twen-tj.-lghtof
Iha one hundred and ninety released
prisoners, three months' meo, recently trrlved
from Richmond, were paid off Saturday, and
the remainder will be paid soon, and allowed
a furlough of thirty days.
Noiuxii.k Gtmsu Rkidy. Great prepara
tions aro being made at Norfolk, in anticipa
tion of an attack by Genernl Ilurnslde's exp-dlllou.
t KNlw RRtilintKRa. The President ha-l An.
pointed Napoleon T. J. Dana, of Minnesota,
and Hj)rDjvls, of tbo old army,-brlgadleis
rra.iM.rnl n vt,tnnf,-Ara ' t
' St.sATnn Wii.ov hat resigned bis place on
Gm. McClellan's stair..
Benton 18 Pittsburg. . .
E-wex IS Cinrinnatl.
St. Louis 16 Louisville..,
Caromlelel IS Conestoga .
MoundCity IS Lexington .
Cairo ,.. 13 Tiler......
Mr. Stanton waa appointed bv the Uovernnr or
Kansas on the 8th of July, before the act of
Conzresa was n assert ursatlnn this ofltco of or 2
adter general cf volunteers. The Governor of
Kanaaa haa no aiiinority to mate sucn an ap
pointment: tbore was no vacancy for him 10
This la all 1 desire to say on the sunjeut. To
me It Is a Question of the moat entire indiffer
ence which of these cenllemen holds tbe seat.
Either Is Abundantly competent. Kllhor is
worthy or the place. II is a mere naked uues
lion of law , and Hi my judgment It Is a very clear
case. I put my vote entirely on the cruund
that there waa no office to which General Lane
was appointed on tbe '.'Oth of June; that, tbere
being no office, then the Governor of Kansas
had no authority to appoint Mr. Stanton on the
8lh of July. It waa onfy by tbe act or the Hi
I July that the (tflce was created, ami before
that aot was passed, Gsneral Lane bad most
emnhatcaly repudiated the appointment. Un
dsr these clroumstances, I cannot vole that he
was then a person holding an office undnr the
United States which was Incompatible with his
seat In this body.
tfin.Tr or the I'midac-ola. It is known tbat
much solicitude has been felt for the safety of
tbe steamship Pcotwcoia, II she should attempt
lo run tbe blockade of tbe Potomac, and
especially, aa lu consequence of her great drati,
she would be obliged to approach within close
bitting dlelance ot the batteries, owing lo the
course of the cbaoncl,
This vessel lell her anchorage off Alexandria
on Sslurdny morning, and soon reached Indian
Head, wbich'is about twenty-seven miles from
Washington. She remained there until yester
day morning, when, at about six o'clcck, she
safely passed tbe balterlc. Twenty-two theft
were flred at her from the rebel batteries, but
none struck. She did not return tbe fire.
It Is reasonable to nipposo, frem ber ample
warlike preparation, that the will soon expend
ber ammunition lu quartern wbtie eouiebudy
may be " hurt."
Binxalni-.'d ExrtnmoN has arrived at Hamp
NLWr.m:tt CKXSoimHir. A dispatch from
St. Louts s ats thai the Provost Marshal Gen
pro! ha notified, nil newspapers In the Slatv ol
Missouri, with the exception of those published
in St. Louts, that Ihcy must send to him a copy
of each issue for inspection, under penally ol
St. Loum Refills. The St. Louis Chamber
of Commerce was recently disrupted In con
sequence of a disagreement between the Union
and disunion member. The former Immedi
ately formed a new cbnmber.
rom the New Yerk Yolk Commercial
The Kxpxrtltlon from Cairo.
Tho most extensive preparations bate been
m de for this expedition, whlob hm been plan
ned by the mnst skilful military and naval
authorities In the Western department.
Next 10 1 lie overpowering numoera 01 me ex
pedition la the formidable character of Ihe
floating batteries, which wilt form a component
narl of ft. These have been prepared with
great car, and consist of bonis of tbe most
SUDSisntiai oonsiruciinn. inetoiai numoer 01
boats ts seventy-eight, of which twelve are
gunboats, tblrly-elght mnrlar boats, and ttven
ty. eight are tugs and steamboatnThe gunboata
are as lotions:
Guns. , Guns.
Seven of these boats cost elehtv-nlne thou
sand dollars each tn build. They are one hun
dred and seventy-five feel In length ; arty-one
teet Bit Inches fo bieadlh, and draw Ave reel
The bows and bow bulwarks consist or about
three feet or ohk- tinrher, bolted together and
sheathed nlth tbe beat quality or wrnught-lmn
RUIes two and a half Inches thick. The sides
ave the same sheathing, with less bulk or
timber. Each bnat Is Pierced fur thirteen
guns, four on each side, four on the stern, and
three at the bows. The now guns are hi potinner
rifled cannon ; the others are 8 inch coltim
blada. The Bides of the boats, both hImivo and
below the knee, Incline at un angle, of forty-five
degrees, and nothing but a plunging shot Iroin
a high bluff could.strlke the surlace lit right
angles. The boilers and michlnery are so bit
uxted as to be perfectly protected, and may be
considered quite out o( danger. The irou
plating haa been severely tested by shots from
rifled cannon at different distances, and bas
shown Itself to bo utterly Impervious to any
shots lh.it have tieen sent acalnst II, even at a
range or three hundred yards.
The Benton Is the flag ship or tbe expedition.
She la one hundred and eighty-six feet loot on
deck, and seventy-five feet wide at the beam.
llor bold is eight and a hall teet in depth, and
with 11 heavy armament and crew aboard, will
draw about die feet. BI10 baa a double hull,
with wheels working In the recefs, near the
stern. Her hull leaf lour Inch plank, and tim
bers eight by ten inches. The hull Is divided
by live tore and all bulkheads, and thirteen
uross bulkhsads, making forty-five water-tight
uompartmenls. The deck frame beams re
ten Inches square,
Tbo main deck Is planked with four and it
bair Inoh plank. Tho forward defeuce runs
down to the two teet wa'er line, and is ot
twenty-four inch timber, all Bheathed with tno
and a liair inch Iron plating. Tbo entire bnat
is sealed with three and tour inch oak plank,
caulked and made perfectly tight. Casemates
oxtend around the whole boat, ami are made
of twelve Inoh Umber. At the knuckle on the
main deck, tbe timber Is from three tn tour
feet In thickness, solid, ,
The Ilenton is pierced for, and will carry 18
heavy guns, which aro from 32-pnunder tn im
pounders callbret KOmo rlflod and some smooth
bore, and tbore are two 0-inch LUhlgroo guns.
Tho principal part of the armament Is dispone-!
In Ibe forward part or tho boat, there being tiro
gima only at the stern.
rue machinery, uuuers, ,vo., are an miner 11 v
deck. The uyilndersare 20luoheslndlameter
with 7 feet stroke. There are four boilers, 'J I
feet long and 10 tnuhes In diameter, double
flued. The wheels are twenty reel In ill,. meter
with D) feet bucket. The wheel house la pro
tected by timber trom six tn elghtlnchesthlck
ness, and sheathed wlib heavy Iron, Tho pilot,
house Is protected by l'i-lncb oak timber placed
at an angle or a'lout thirty degrees with the
upper deck, Is conical lnshape,andof very in
There are two magazines; one on each side,
just forward or the wheels. They are eat li
capable ol carrying one hundred rounds "I
ammunition for every gun, and afford implo
room for the necessary evolutions wllbln litem.
Tbe magazines can be Hooded with waler In a
moment trom the main deck, und are furnished
and urrangod In true naval 'style.
The mortar boats are bulltof heavy timbers,
tbe sides of boiler Iron loop holed lor musketry,
and are so arranged that Ihey can be used for
bridges. They will each carry one nfleen-lnch
mortar. The mortar boats will bo towed Into
position by tugs, , ,
With this formldablo armament, and n force
of soventyflvB thousand men, tho onward
march must be comparatively resistless. The
progress of the flotilla will probably be by the
Mississippi to Columbus and Mcmplibj: by the
Tennesseo to tbe mouth ol the H-indy river,
and by tbo Cumberland liter In Nxshville,
Within a few days we shall make lnsioiy very