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OtORQt M. WttTON, EDITOR.
Mr The publication oflM of th JfaKoMi
KepuNuw.. U at th. northeast corner of Dirt
'evsnth strsst, second twor, over w. D. Bnsp
herd's stor. Bntronoe on Baventb. treat.
Mr tu4lag sasittar sua erratr paa.'
I,a.VKKT tit THKDHTRJCr.
Mr. Tin Buren, la 1835, wblla conceding
that the power of Congress under the oonsttta
tlon.'to abolish slavery In thli District, vra demr
and Indisputable, insisted, it the tamo time,
that It would be a breach of Implied talta to
wards Virginia and Maryland, to xerclae thli
jiower wltbonl thelrassent. The nation haTlog
leceired thtt Diitrlct by gift, could not fairly,
argued Mr. Van Boron, mako a use of the gift
not contemplated by the donon, ana wnicn, u
they hid anticipated It, would hare prevented
the gilt altogether.
This method of reasoning entirely Ignore
the radical change In the opinion) of Maryland
and Virginia between the period of their ses
sion of this District, and the year 1835.
Gen. Washington, who exerted a pre eminent
pcnonal Influence la locating the National
capital upon the banks of the Potomac, wrote
as follow! in 1796 :
"..VotMnjU more certain than that Maryland
and Virginia must bavo laws for tho gradual
abolition of ilare ry, and at a period not re
mote." This Is very strong language, and could not
have been used by a man of Gen. Washington's
moderation and prudence, unless It had been
fa harmony with the general public expectation
at that period.
Thus, Instead cflts being trnethat Maryland
lad Virginia would not have ceded this District
II they had anticipated the abolition of slavery
lu It, It Is much more probable that they wonld
have readily acquiesced in such abolition, if
the nation had required it as a condition pre
cedent to a designation of the seat of govern
ment which they greatly desired. It Is also
much more probable that this designation
never would have been made, if ths nation,
which anticipated that Maryland and Virginia
would rid themselves of slavery "at a period
not remote," had toreseen that those States wonld
dlog to that institution and endeavor to make
it perpetual. It may not be justifiable to ssy
that Maryland and Virginia have been guilty
of a broach of faith, in not long ago abolishing
slavery, but tbey have certainly disappointed,
in that particular, expectations, which were
universal when the city of Washington was se
lected as the site of the Federal capital, and
without which It is most doubtful if that re
Iccllon would ever have been made.
Tho generation which won our independence,
framed the Constitution of the United SUtes,
and founded this national city, did not anti
cipate that slavery would survive to this
day, in any part of the oountry. They ex
pected that its decline would be sura and rapid
after the extinction of the foreign a!ava trade,
which they had reluctantly postponed to 1803
Mora than half a century has elapsed since
that extinction, and slavery, Instead of dying
cut, had (prior to the present war) growa im
measurably stronger. If there has been any
breach of the faith pledged by onr ancestors,
It Is in permitting this unexpected growth.
Tlieie certainly can ba none In carrying cui
their Ideas, in the District of Columbia, and
everywhere that the power of the nation ex
tends. ANOTIIISR. TIUOMFII OVaCK TUB
BL.W1C r OWE II.
The tky is brightening. Our army in the
Held is lo have something to do besides catch
ing runaway negroes, or It will do nothing. It
will be seen that the fjouso or Bepresentatlres
jes'crday patted a bill prohibiting the tracers
uf the army and navy from engsgiog in tho ne
f irlous business of bunting fugitive, slaves and
r. turning Ibxin to their matters. The passage
of the bill was hotly contested by the imall
minority which opposed it, but notwithstand
ing their parliamentary tactics to stave it off,
by which the debae was only prolonged, so at
lo bring out stronger facta and arguments in
tupport of the measure.
The bill will undoubtedly pass the Senate,
as that body Is no friend to iho business ol
slave catching; and we can then rejoice la one
uf the greatest triumphs of freedom over the
dark curse ot slavery which this sicjion has
Mr. Bingham, of Oblo, made a short but till
ing speech on the subject, a speech.whlch was
not at all Injured by the frequent interruptions
of the opponents of the bill. Indeed, their
catechizing only served to bring out still
stronger points in his arguments. Ills narra
tion and application of the Instance which oc
curred In the Western army was thrilling. A
Tugitlve dare, who had escaped from a rebel
mister, and succeeded io evading bis pursuers
until he reached the Ohio river, which, by dint
of tierce struggles with the elements, he suc
ceeded In crossing. But In bis struggles the
aloUue were nearly torn from bis body on the
sharp and jigged rocks. He reached the shore
stood once more beneath the glorious em
blcm of freedom -the Stars and Stripes. Uu
tortunately, tho faots of his case became known
to an officer of the United States army, and he
was again returned to slavery.
Surely, Is It not high time that the officers
and soldiers of the United States were, & Mr.
Blair justly says, "engaged In better business
than capturing fugitive slaves."
A Good Srxicu The speech of Hon. Samuel
Ihellabarger, of Ohio,on Monday, In the House,
was listened to with mirked attcatlon. It
evinced a good degree of legal research, ea
pecially in elucidating the somewhat knotty
queauou ot tne tieartog of the law of nations
upon the war power. In its controversial
aspect, It was a triumphant reversal ot tho
proposition of Mr. Yoorhees, that the Govern
ment possesses no war powers over thee persofs
or properly of rebels Us exposed fellclto ulv
the perversion of the foand&tlon maxim of
numao got eminent inio ttie new reading.
' &iuj I'ompty auprtma tec."
. Ira MiliiWfc trrt iixlTHK nKTrmii!feM firt WtiBimirt. ) WfrHki
A iwtJazMv-msmii u II JTr sT rttwT
T VeliajtrstsiBi, Wall, oUr-t ',
V$VV VWaaJDRnaRtMnrr, M
- -' r vl . vi- P.t. 91 IRC.
Ordered, first On and after tea 2th day tt
February, Instant, ths President, by vKrte of
the act of Congress, takes military petseiBlon
of all the telegraph lines In the Catted States.
Second. All telegraphic cowsaanlcallotts In
regard to mflltary operations not 'expressly
authorised by the War Department, the Gener
al Commandlogor the Gen trail commanding
armies lathe flelcT, In the several Department!,
ore absolutely forbidden.
Third. All newspaper! publishing military
news, however obtained, and by whatever me
dium received, not authorised by the official
authority mentioned In the preceding para-1
graph, will be excluded thereafter from re
ceiving Information by telegraph, or from
transmitting their papers by railroad.
Fourth. Edward S. Sanford Is made military
supervisor of telegraphla messages throughout
the United SUtes.
Anson Stagtr is made military superintend
ent of all telegraph lines and offices In the
Filth. Thia possession and control of the
telegraph lines Is not Intended to Interfere
In any respect with the ordinary affairs of the
companies, or with private business.
By order cf tho President.
Etiwrs M. Stanton,
Secretary of War.
GENKItAL. MASBK1KLD UN CONTHA
BANIIS. The following is a true copy of a letter writ
tea by Brigadier General Mansfield to the Com
mission to inquire Into the condition of the con
trabands. It disposes of the whole contraband question
In a very able and summary manner, and Illus
trates the fact that the General Is a statesman
as well as a soldier, end that he Is as true and
loyal to humanity as to his country:
Cur Bctler, New tout Nkw a, Va ,
Ftbntary 9, 18C2.
To the Commission appointed prr General
Orders Mo. 5, from Headquarters, Depart
ment of Virginia, to Inquire Into the condi
tion of certain Contrabands:
Gentliuxn: By Invitation of a member oi
the commission, I take the liberty to express to
the commlsilon my views on the subject of the
contraband negroes, so called. These can be
divided into f.ur classes:
1st Tno-e abandoned by their rebel owners,
and compelled to aik for work and tupport
2d. Those who have run away from their
owners, the rebel, to obtain their freedom from
31. Thoco who have bsen put at work by
their rebel owners en the fortifications to re
slst tho Government, and made their ecape.
4th. Free negroes who seek work for a iup
port. The question now arises tu to these negroes.
Is the United States bound to ho'd them as
slaves, and deprive them of Iba light to go
where they please t
It la clear they are not prisoners of war; fbi
they have never been found In arms, and have
made their eecapa to avoid taking part agalosi
the United Slates, or have Wo abandoned to
the United Sta es as the rebels have abandoned
lands, houses, cattle, &-: , and are humin be
ings, cut in the world with nothing but thuli
hands to obtain a livelihood. Some ol them
having worked on rebel fortification, &c , art
released (under the 1th rectlon of the act ol
Congress of the Clh Augutt, 1861, to co&Q'catt
property,) from further service to their mas
ters; and in euch cases, what li their position!
Why, simply that of any person In the conutrj
released by law from tho paymcut of an obllga.
tion a free person.
All these negroes, with the ixccplho of the
fourth class, are or have bjen claimed as prop
erty by the very robela who hare taken up
armi against tho United States, aud are lawful
plunder of property. But tLey are not proper
ty, but persons held to labor under the Con
stltutlon In certain States, and nowhere else,
and are not bound or held to labcr for lh
Unl'ed Slates, constquenlly they are not slave
to the United Butts It is clear the conditiou
of slavea with them nai co-exlctent with Iht
obligations of the Confederate slave S fates to
the Constitution and laws of the United States,
against which they are In open armed rebellion
Now, what aro these negroes? Aro they
not freo men, by this ttate of rebel
lion! By the act of secession, lb Con-
federato States have voluntarily broken
the Constllutloti and lawa of the Union
and bavo taken np arms against that Conslltu
tion and laws, and the Unl'ed Sla es are there
by absolved from the enforcement of the fugi
tive slave law, even If so absurd a claim were
put forth. If this statement ba true, they are
entitled as laborers to all Iho wages tbey can
earn, and to go where they please, and I wonld
reoommend that their earnings be paid to them
while In the United Stales employ; that all
officers and others who employ them in this
department, be required to pay them a jut
compensation, and that tbey be allowed to
improve their condition, If opportunity should
You are at liberty to use this letter as you
I am. gentlemen, very respectfully, your
JOBi.rU K. t. Ml&sriELD,
Brig. Gen') U. S A.
Pebsomu Capt. E. U. Caillo, formerly su
pervisor of the Government railroad depart
ment at St. Louis, under Msj. Gen Fremont, is
stopping at Wlllards. As a military necessity,
Capt Caetlo mad the connection", of the North
ern Missouri, Paclfl:, acd the Iron Mountain
railroads, which has not only proted a great
benefit to the Government, but will ultimately
prove of iqual efllclency to the prosperity of
St. Louis. Tho tallruud men hav, thus far,
done much towards crushing tbettbelliou..
ImiriiUi. fiF Phecimat DiMs TUs docu
ment, whlci wo publls-i entire, mkesavery
Ineffectual attempt o put a bold facupun the
de'ptrate ondilljn of the rebellion. lu au.
guage Is that of a man who has lost all hope.
! ..J . 11 ftJ 01 ii fSl WonilritAJ
INAUflnt&L ABBHE88 OF DAVIS.
y . i i
A platform was erected around ths base ol
theTWaihlngtoif monnmen Vnp'on wblch'tfie Z
auguratlon i ceremonies), were pfortjd.,The
TtM'Imaasjnral Address (
Fro the IUohmoadXiamlau Xxlia.Fib. Si 1 .
Fsitow-CrmiKSi'On thli,-the 'birth day of
iu man most laaniinea wiin ui siaousnmeni
of American Indapondeno, and beneath the
monument erected to commemorate his herole
virtues, and those of his compatriots, we have
assemblsd to usher Into existence ths perma
nent Government of the Confederate States.
Through this Instrumentality, undsr the favor
of Divine Providence, we bope to perpetuate
the prlnolples of our Rsvotntlonary uthsrs.
The dar. the memorr. und tho nuroose seem
It Is with mingled feeling.! of humility and
pride that I appear to txke, In the presenos of
the Deonle and before h) IIea en. the oath
prescribed as a qualification for the exalted
lauon in wnico tne unanimous voice 01 ma
people has called ma. Doeplr sensible ot all
that la Imnlled bv thla manifestation of thu
people's confidence, I am yet mora profoundly
Impressed by the vast responsibility of the
omoe, and humbly fsel my own unworthlness.
In return for ihelr klndnoss I oan only offer
assurances of the gratitude w th which it )
receivaa, ana can oat pieage a zealous aevo
tion of every faculty lo the sarvloe of those
who have chosen me as IhelrChlerMaxtstrati.
When a longcoarsnof class legislation, di
rected not to the general welfare, but to the
aggrandizement of tbe Northern section of the
Unlon.oulmlnated In a warfare on tho domestic
Institutions of the Southern States when the
dogmas of a sectional party, aubstltutsd for
WD flUIU'UOUI IUO UVIHIIIUUUUM UVUIfUI,
thrcttoned to destroy the sovereign rights or
iue Diauss, six oi inoae Diaies, wiinarawmg
from the Union, confederated together to exer
cise the riclit and perform the duty of Institut
ing agovernmont which would belter seoure
tne liberties ror tne preservation ol wnicn mat
Union was established.
Whatever of bope Rome may have enter
tertnined that a returning: seuso of lustloe
would remove the danger with which our rights
wore inreatenea,ana renaer it possioie to pre
serve the Union of tbe Constitution, must have
been dispelled br the malignity and barbarltv
of tbe Northern States in the prosecution ol
tbe existlnc war. The confidence of tho most
hnpelul among us must havo bean destroyed
ny tne atsregara tney nave recently exniuiura
fur all the Ums-bonored bulwarks uf civil and
relleloiM liberty. Bastllea filled with Drisoners.
arrested without civil proco-s vr tndlotmonl
amy luunu; too writ ot nawas corpus suspenaea
bv Executive mandate a State Legislature con
trollod by tho Imprlaoumcnt uf mimbera whuse
avowed principles suggested lo the Federal
Executive that there might be another added
lu tne IUIjjI seoeaeo uuies; ciecuous ueta
under threats ol a military rower: Civil officers.
peaceful citizens and gentle women lncaroe-
ratea lor opiuion's Htao,procia-uiQu mo inca
nacltv of our late associates to administer H
Government ks free, liberal and hum ina as that
established for our common uao.
For proof of tho sincerity uf our purpose to
maintain our ancient insiiiuiiuns, i may pumi
to the constitution of the Confederacy and the
laws enacted under It, aa well as to the fact
Ibat through all tbe necessities oi an unequal
struggle, thero has been no act on our part lu
Impair personal liberty or the lreedom ol
speech, of thought, or ol tho pres. The courts
hava haen iinan. tlie iudiclal functions fully ax
I eeutid, and every right untie pcaoeful vlilzeu
laiuiniuca na aecureir nivww i iuiiwu
Bad not disturbed the land.
The people of tbe SUtes now confederated
became couvincedthat tbe Government of the
Uulted Slatea bad fllou lulu the bands of a
sectional majority, who would pervert that
most sacred uf all trusts to tbe destruction ol
the rights which It whs pledged to protect.
Tbey bolieved that to remain longer in the
Unlun would subject them to a oonilouance ot
a dispiMging discrimination, submission to
ahlch would be Inconsistent with their well ire,
and intolerable toa nrouil uennla. They there
n.ro determined to sever Its bonds and ettab
liah a new confederacy rorthonvetvc.
toe experimeniiiisiiiuiea u our reM'iuunn
try fathers, of a voluntary union of sovereign
States for purpose sp-clfisd in a solemn c m
pact, had been perverted by those who, f-ellng
power and forgetting right, werode erimned to
respect no Uu but their owu will. The Uov
eminent had teased to anawer the ends for
wh ell It was nrdiilned and established. To
aave oursolvea from a revilutlon which, In Its
silent but rapid progress, was about lu plsce
us under the despotism of numbers, and to pre
terve In spirit .is woll u3 In lorm, a system ul
got ernment wo believed to be peculiarly fitted
lo our condition, and full of promise for man
kind, we dolur.clnod to make a newasaotUilou,
oomposod of States hnrnogotiuus In Interest, lu
pnllov, and in foellng.
True to our traditions of pearo ned onr love
ol Justice, v, o sent commissioners to tho Uulted
States to propose a fair and amicable settlement
oi an questions oi puuno aeot or properly
which might be in dispute. But the Govern
ment at Woshtbgton, denying i ur right lo self
overnment, reluied eveu to listen to any pro
pusals tor a peaceful separation. Nothing was
.hen left to us but to prepare for n.tr.
Tne first year in our history hai boon the
most eventful In the animM cf this e. jntlnent.
A. new government Ima heou istabl abed, and
Its macbluory rut incperitlnn over an area
exceeding seven nunaieu inousana square
miles. Tue great prlnoiplea upon wblon ne
nate been willing to hazard everything that is
dear to man have made oimqucstn fur us which
oould never bare been achieved by the sword
Our Confederacy baa grown from six lo thir
teen Btates; and Maryland, already united to us
by hallimed memories and miterlil Interests,
rill. I bolieve. ween able to tneak with unati
lied voice, connect her destiny with tbe South.
uur people nave rained win unexamined una
elm ir to the support of the great principles ol
constiuittonal government, with firm robolveto
perpetuate by arms the rights which the could
not peacefully secure. A million of moo, ii Is
Oltlmited, are now standing In hostile array,
at d waging war along a frontier of thousand
of mild. Dallies have beou f.uglil, sieges
Date been coudnctod, a id. although tbe con
teat la not ei ded, aud tho tide for the moment
14 agaluit in, iho fiual result in out lavof isnoi
The peiiod is noar nt hand when our foes
oust sinL. under ibo imminso loud or dolil
which they have incurred a debt which, in
their effirtato subjugate us. has nlreadr at
tainedsuch fearful dimensions an v. Ill subject
insm to Duraeus wnico must cont tiuo io op.
press them for generations to conn.
Wo, too, bate had uur trials and difficulties.
That we are to esoape them In future Is not to
oe nopea. it was io dc expected, wnen wo on
tered UDon this war. that it whU d ezuoao our
people lo sacrifices and costlhem much, both
of money and blood, But we knew thi value
oi tne ontect ror wnicn we struggled, Ma un
derstood the nature of tho war In wWob we
were eng ged. ffotblng could be an bad as
failure, and any sacrifice would be cheap as the
price of suoceis In such a oonteat.
But the picture has Its lights as woll as its
shadows. Tbis great strlfo has awakened in
tbe people tbe highest emotions and qualities
of tbe human soul. It is cultivating feelings qf
patriotism, virtue, and courage. laalancei cf
self sacrifice and of genorom devotion 16 tho
noble cause for.whlcb we are umtondlng are
rife throughout the Und. Ne,ver bus a people
evinced a rooro determined spirit thau that
now animating men, women aud children In
every part of uur oountry. Upon tbe first call
tbe men fly to arms; aud wives and mothers
send tholr husbands and sons to battle without
a murmur of regret
It was. norbabs. In the ordination of Provt."
denoe th il we vrere tif be t tught the falue of
ouriiuertios uy mo priee wuicu e pay.jtor
Tre recol'ectlons of thli great contest, with
all Its common traditions ol glory, of saorlftoe,
and ol Diooa, win oe me oonu oi carmony ami
enduring affection nmnegbt thu people, pro
ducing unity in polloy, traterully In sentiment,
and joint effort In war.
i the 'material
Kmada without soi
it ise acquletoei
tree with thi
if effectual and permanent,
w uiveri onr lnnaairv rrom
of artlalfta fne unnrl. and am.
ploy It In supplying commodities for domes' n.
It Is a satisfaction that w bar malolu .!
the. war by o unaMed exertions. -;W 1.1 v!
neither asked nor reealvarf uaiatanA, ,r..
any quarter.-Y HavlnlerasHnvolve I la ...
wholly our own. The world at large a con
merpe. twhsn the Independence, oratta Wik
ueraiB oiawi is reoogmzea oy me nations
of the earth, and we are free-to follow our
Interests and Inclinations by cultivating
foreign trade, the Boaihara Stats will offir to
manufacturing nations the most favorable mar
kets which ever Invited thstr oemmeroe. Cot.
ton, sugar, ride; tobacco; provisions, timber,1
and naval sloraa will rnrnlah attrAMIv at.
changes. 'Nor, would thafabnauney of these
supplies be likely to be disturbed br-WAr. Our
confederate strength will bs too great to tempt
aggression; and nsvor waa there a people whoa)
Interests and principles committed them so fully
to a peaceful polloy as those of the Confederate
States. By the character of tbelr productions
thoy ara too deeply Interested In a foreign
commerce wantonly to disturb It. JTa of con
qaeit tbsy oattaot wage, because tho Constitu
tion of their Cjsifederaoy admits of no coerced
inaoclatlon. Otft! war there cannot bo between
S ates held together by tbelr vJltloa only. This
rale of voluntary association, wblohoHnnot fell
to bo conservative, by aecuringjustandimaar1
tlal gnvernmont at home, does not diminish tin
security of the obligations by whlob the Con-
leuermnDiaiesmayiDa uouno to rureignina
tloni. In Droof Of ihla. it la tn ha lm,mlM,l
that, at the first moment of assarting tbelr right
or secession.' these States proposed a settle
ment on the basis Of a common llahllltv Tii-lha
Obligations ofthe General Government.
renow-oiuzens, alter the struggles of ages
had consecrated the right of the Englishman to
constitutional reoresentattva mvarmnmii. nur
colonial ancestors were foroed to vindicate that
oinurigiu or an appeal-lo arms. Success
crowned their efforts, and' they provided for
their posterity a peaceful remedy against fu
TJio tyranny if an unbridled 'majority , the
most odious and least responsible lorm of dea
potltm, has denied us both tbe right and the
remedy. Therefore we tire In arms to renow
such sacrifices as onr fathers made to the holy
cause of constitutional liberty,. At the darkest
oour oi our struggle tne provisional gives place
in the permanent government. After a series
ofauccesscaand victories, which covered our
arms with glory, we have recently mot with
serious disaster!.; But In tbe heart or people
resolved to be free, these disasters tend but to
stlmulite to Increased raalatanna.
To show oursslves worthy f the Inheritance
bequeathed to us by the patriots of tbe Revolu
lion, we must emulate that heroic detutlon
wnicn miae reverse io mam but the crucible
lu which tbelr Datriottam win reBned.
With confidence lu tho wisdom and virtue ol
tlll.Cn ivhfl tW 111 ihlMwHhMalh. VArtnn-ll.lllH
Rod aid me in the conduct of publlo affairs ;
ouuuicj ,,, ,,1,5 uu luvunerioiiamanu courage
of the people, of which the present uar has
funilstaoil an many cxamDlea. I daeulv faal iha
weight of ilia responsibilities I now, with un-
auBieu a uiaenoe, am nuout to assume ; and,
fully realizing the Inadequacy of human power
to guido and to sustain, my hope la revurenth
fixed on Him whose favor la evir vouchsafed
to me cause wnicn is Just, with buinbla grat
itude and adoration, acknowledging the Provi
dence has 80 vUlblr nrotecled Inn CmrMrfArMnt
during Its brlr but eventful career, to Ihoe,
Oh God, I trustingly commit ra'self, and prayer
fully Invoke Tby bleaslng on my country and
Hon John JaT.-TbU distinguished gentle
man will deliver the seventeenth lecture of the
Asirc'atlo i course at tho Smlthonlan, on fo
morrou (lVturnliij) erenlng, instead of to-night,
as hitherto announced A slight mlsucder
standing readers the cliai gi necessary. The
splendid family traditions of (he speaker, and
the phll intliroplc und u isclf) b rtattsmiushlp
that made bis aoccstoia beloved and lllustrlou',
and now lives In an uodegencrato son, will, if
cours, call a large attdierce to the ball.
Dr. S. U. Fisher, Preildent of Hamilton Col
lege, New York, will lecture uu Friday
Hon Gerrlt Smith, Iho distinguished repre
sentative ofaiill slnrery, will lie ure on Situr
day cven'ng Subject: " Tho War."
We are glad to state that Wendell Phlll.ps
will lec'ure nrxt week.
Tils UnruiNtn PauoEm We took occa
Ion to vMt the Soldiers' Kest yesterday, for
the purpose of converting will- the returned
prbonerr. Trent their conversation's we glraned
iho following fact:
All those who were capture d at Ball's Bluff
say1 they wero s:rifleed; that It was "a perfect
tr.'p," In which there was no means ol escape;
that if they had been property reinforced, In
stead of being ptliont rr, tbey might bavo con
quered or captured the enemy.
That there is a strong but eupprcreol Union
sentiment in Richmond was a fact woll known,
not inly lo the rebels, but to Iho prisonerr.
This fact was evinced by many little delicacies
und attentions which were shown by unknown
Ladles and others, In passing Ihelr prison
windows, would exebsnge signals ef recogni
tion, eonveying In accents louder than words
tho sympathy felt. When the laatilot of pris
oners left, a large crowd cf persous arsembled
on the dock to see them off; and the sad coun
tenances and tearful eyes of many in ths crowd
attested their feelings.
This Union sentiment manifested llself more
and more openly as tho recent victories were
Comirehs Yestkkiuy. The Ireasmy note
b'll was rehired, in the Senate, to the Finance
Committee, for the purpose, as Is understood,
of currectlrg rome mistakis in the details of
the bill. Its (loalp usage Is regarded as cer
In tho House, the friends of a sincere prose
cution of tbe war obtained a,t!gnal inceess
In the vote" prohibiting tbe return of fugitive
slavs to I lie enemy.
Ei-n-iTiTUTBS The Richmond 'papers come to
us with a Jarge uumber of advertisements sim
ilar to tbe folloalng, It proves that the brag
ging " chivalry " are not so eager for the fray,
" lKanftd A Substitute for tho war; one of
good character, not sunjecl to military droll.
A liberal price will be paid If accepted. Ap-
'- Near Exchange Hotel."
. " HWed -This morning, twenty SuMltutes.
I will pay morn th tn iny other agent ftr good
iiubMltuiea. 1. 1. " u,
, ,. Tenth street."
xWMsjor Stmimitun was yesterday con
firmed bylbe Senate as cehuel, and Major
Maynadier as lieutenant colonel ot erdniuco,
together with a large number of other a polnt-
ments of inferior grade,
UBBas aaanvaa us r-j i-t Ml r ,j
KSmJtLBBHgS 3 7 'UnmBk
ebb n nniu.
could only setv
u im. sjy k h hj v- .J.
aUSBBCeB OSSB Paai aaBBBBBBnTW..BBBBrBBBBriBriBBBBinn'BBBH'BBBBBBl lalt.
in. w rv
. Jk dl
an T . .- " t
ivxsniT, renraary 15, is2.
TRIUCST KOTI BtU.
I'm - b which the rMOsaaiscdatlnaa of iha
committee of oonferenoi oa the Treasury note
ri.i wern sinru eo, auu a recommitment ci tne
HIKoHUt. ' -
-IHfT liiii.iwtii uic4uvi.aia acts wuuiiHUU
and lef-trrecl : ,
rn m citirens of Michigan, wits reference to
agricultural and horticultural Interests.
Abo. for a military rood from Bagloaw Bar
to the Straits of Mackinaw.
Alio, from Michigan, asking tbe appoint
ment or jonn u. rremoai as lieutenant gen
era! of the army.
From Ohio, In favor of bomeopatbto army
URUin AKD COSTA RtCa.
Mf.SUMNEB. from the lOommlttwi on For.
elgn Relations, reported a joint resolution to
amend an act entitled "Ah act to carry Into ef
fect tbe convention with Grenada and Costs
Rica," ! v
r.On moUon of Mr, GRIME,
Itetoltcd. That ths Secretary of War ba
dh eoted to communicate to tha Sonata whether
any contract has been made looking to tha
construction of a railroad by or under the
auiuuriiy vi eun- fiar isepanmeni, ana ir SO,
what Is the nature and character of suoh con
tract, with whom mide, and under what au
thority or law was It made.
Mr. GRIUGJ Introduced a bill to authorize
tho city of Georgetown, In the District of Co
lumbia, to lay and collect a water lax; and (or
other purposes. Referred to the Committee on
th District of Columbia.
lmtid ST1TIH1 CESTinniTr.a or ixntnTKnri
Mr. FEjSENDEN, from the Finance Com.
mit'eo. Introduced abill authorlzlnir the Veers
tiry of the Treasury to h'tie orrtflottes cf
indebtedness io puonc creditors, to bear Inter
est at six per cent, payable In one year, or
soonor, at tbe option of tbe Government.
After a few remarks from Mr. Ton Eyck,
tha bill was pasted.
CULTIVATION- OP COTTOI LAMP.
Mr. WADE, rrom the Committee on Territo
ries, reported Mr. Foster's bill for the oeeu.
pancy acd cultivation of Carolina and other
cot 03 lands, without amendment, and recom
mecded lis immediate passage, as a pressing
necessity, tne negroes wiuna our lines, mere,
b;lng In a starving condition and needing
ft wss mode tbe special order for to morrow
' OOXruClTIOX BILL.
Mr. TRUMBULL moved to Doslnono rjrlor
orders, and take up tbe bill confiscating the
property of rebels. Carried.
He rpoke at length upon the legal and con
stitutional right of cond'catlon of rebel prop
rrly, real and pe'eonal pb ate, without any dis
tlnction whatever, establlrh'ng It by eminent
Mr. HALE moved to amend, to make the
appropriation a sum not exceeding $20,000
Mr. TRUMBULL Introduced an amendment,
adJmg, alter the words " property, real and
personal, ol eveiy kind whatsoever," the clanre
" both corporeal and locorporeal.and Including
choses la action ;" ana a second, in sec loo
evenlb, gtvl-g power of courts lo Irene process,
as well In cbacctry and admiralty as at com
Mr. W1LLEV made objection lo the con.tl
tutlouallty and the great expense Incidental to
the coloiilzUIoh clause, which hi aald would
amount lo (500 per m in.
Mr.POUEROV, In alt seriousness, would
obviate tbt ohjctlo i by proposing to oolooizi
ihe rebel slaveholders, of wMcAl there were few
comoirallvelv. They wero not. a orodacttve
cla-s. while tne productive classes should be
kept in the country.
Mr. WILLEV wonld rednoe the exnento still
further, by hanging these rebel slaveholders
Tne anvnutceni wen ogveea to; ana
On motion or Mr. POWELL, the bill was
postponed till to morrow.
On motion or Mr. SUMNER, the Senate we:t
Into executlvo session.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
Mr. FE.XTON, of N. Y , presented a bill la
relation lo tbe claims or loyal citizens whose
property has been need or destroyed by the
military forces of I he United Stat's. Referred to
the Committee on Claims
Also, a bill lo tax the salaries of ths offhers
ol the Government Referred to (be Committee
of Wsys tn 1 Means.
Mr. BLAIR, of Mo , moved to take from the
table the Seosto bill for the better orgonlzitlcn
ol the cavalry forces. Agreed to.
TbeCommlttee on MllltaryAffalrs report! d an
amendment that the number of regiments shall
be reduced to fifty, Instead of to forly, as tbe
Senate bill requires.
Mr. BLAIR, In answer to various queilions,
explained tha provisions or the bill.
Tbe amendment was adopted 69 to 40.
The bill was tbea passed.
Mr. HOLMAN,orind., moved that tbe home
stead bill be postponed to Thursday. Ado pit d.
Mr. MAYNARD, ofTenn, from the Com
mittee of Ways and Means, reported a bill for
the establishment cf a branch mint at Denver,
In Colorado Territory.
Mr. MAYNATiD explained tha bill.
Mr. SARGDANr, ol California, favored the
establishmeut of a branch mint in Nevada Ter
Mr. BENNETT, of Colorado, urged the im
portanco of the passage ol the bilU
The bill wss reo mm'tted.
01TU 0F AIJ.K0li.NCK.
Mr. ELIOT, of Mass., from the Committee on
Commerce, reported a bill requiring the oath
of alliglanoe to be administered to masters ol
such voxels aa shall dear for foreign or other
ports dutlog the present rebellion. Tasked.
Mr. BLAKE, of Ohio, from tbeOommlttee on
the Post Office and Post Roads, reported a bill
to provide for a uniform system of money or
ders, for transposition by mail.
The bill was passed.
Mr. COLFAX of lad., from ths same com
mittee, reported a bill to authorize additional
mailable matter. Passed.
Several bills of no special importmce wire
introduced and passed.
An act to authorize the Secretary of tho
Treasury tolssne certificates of Indebtedness in
certain cases, was passed.
TBKiBfRT hOTS BILL
Mr. STEVENS, of Pa., from the committee
of cooferenceon the treasury noto bill, to whtoh
the bill bad been recommitted, reported an
amendment, that the fifty millions of notes bs
made legal tender the same as Ihe other notes
authorized by the bill. Adopted.
Mr. ULA1R, of Mo , Irom the Committee on
Military Affairs, reported a bill to authorize tho
acoeplanoo cf oeglneer volunteers. Ordered
to bo pilnled.
Mr. BLAIR, from the same committee, repor
ted a Mil providing for a new article of war,
forbidding tho officers of the army from return,
lu luiltlvo slaves under u penalty of dismissal,
Mr. MALLORY, of Ky., would ask ir this
umH Interfera with tho oneratlons of the fu.
' gltlve slave law. He would like to know if t
ibb corrBBjMtasing aj fw bbt-am ."M7"tT7T
nSof fOBrlinftia- Hi bVCOJM) BtflBrON. H f1'
.v -w aBBaBBAABHBBsaiAiiijnawniHBni uo
InlSWluat aflnll ItnnM In ran..! Ih.,4
law. lp. J if -
r. ntll3 laid it wot
tMu(ht;tt tie tfflcers of c
tat In Water bualnsarthan re
,i J' J-" "
would rot. But re
our aimv ought to
Mr. BINGHAM rime,! to snamann lf,,l Ih'a
article shall Mnclnde all peisocs In tho army
or navy. j'
Mr. MALLORYjnovedtheenbjfct be post
poned twill the first Wednesday In March.
Mr. BINGHAM, of Ohio, said, In, reply lo
various suggestions on tbe other hide of tha
HOUie. thtt IhU act COIlld not bn ann Inrlnrail
Into an Interfertncewlth tha fugitive slavo law.
It makes tha army officers subordinate to olvll
law, and forbids their Interference with any
civil law. '
Mr. WICKL1FFE. of Kcntnekr. aaM tt,.t
Gan. Grant captured twelve slaves at Fort
Donelson.aod they wen returned to their own.
ara In Kentucky, from whom they had been
union oy reoei auiuoruy. Dots this rule ap
ply to Moh a case as that t
Jtr.BINGHAU said tbe bUl wis plain enough.
It does not permit tha military officers to Inter
fere In this matter. It forbids tbe loterferenco
of these officers with Ibe fuqotlons of the civil
authorities. It Is a notorious fact that through-
uuv u-jv tHiuj uieu uavis oeen aeiauea to eu.
gago In tha outrageous business of returning
men to bondage; and.lfttey bad their deserts,
they would be court-martialed and shot. Any
raiiiiarj uuicvr wuu win bii in juugmeni on me
right of a human being-, in this land cf free-.
dom, as to whether or not a man, woman, or
Child, born In this o inn try, shall be deprived
oi iiuiny, ougui io i uner aeam.
There Is always a doubt In favor of a man
who Ii about to bs deprived of his libcri)
N, w, who Is to determine this question of doubt?
Onr military offloers, or the civil authorities?
Mr MALLORY. Io Ihe case where there is
no doubt, either ns (o the law or the fads, I
suppi so the gentleman and mycclf agree that
the officers shonld return tho fugitive
Mr. DINGUAH. I suppose no euch thing-.
No mm can return Ihe fugitive, except by
properly constituted evil authority. In the
very Declaration or Independence Is a declara
tion against the usurpation, by Ibe military
powers, or Iho runcllons cf the civil powers.
What ore wo fighting for t Tor liberty; for Ibe
right to trial, according to tbe forms or law.
Mr. VALLANDIGUAM inovid to lay Ibe
bill on the table. Lost-yeas 43, nays 87.
Several Ineffectual at empls were mada to
The amendment proposed by Mr. Biagh am
The bill war then passed yeas 8 J, nays 42.
Tho House then adjourned.
Sif.tiMKNU or SotmiKSN Biuu We clip tho
roll wing rx'rscls rrom a leading cdtlorial cf
the Richmond fnjiifrer;
Tho successes of the enemy at Fort Henry
and Roanoke Island havo almost crazed them
with joy. Lot those laugh who win 1 We will
not deny that we have felt keenly the blows
which have fallen anon us. Bat already it Is
apparent that thongh It was very hard to pay
tue price, jet tney were lor our good! With
the sound or tho ihouls of our enemies all
doub'sand qucsllonsuponrc tnliiiment ended!
Our .camp hardened veterans demanded to bo
" enlisted for tbe war 1" How It will lima tha
jjy of Lloeolndom, when this Intelligence
reaencs mere i
If Ihsy can find comfort in this, let them
ecjiy 111 For ouiselves, It fills ui with a
pleasure and a confidence which a dozen mero
victories could not inspire. .
Swift following this comes tho news from
Donelson to glsdden oar faeatts and animate
nur teal. Our brethren there have dono nobly I
Wednesday, Thureday.Fildy, and Saturday
the Invading army assaulted ur position, and
on each day they were soundlv thattlsed. But
Saturday was the groat day I Attacking tbelr
lines, wodrove the enemy, piling tbe gronnd with
his (lain and cleared tbe field of his banners!
t'rl oners ana spoilt of war remain In our
htnds-tfae fruits of tho victory. This battle
will do to commence a new series I We must
fight everywhere with equal valor and despera
We are willing to allow them the appllcalto l
or tho last two sentences, tn view of the facta in
t le case Let them " light everywhere " w.th
the samo valor as did the Virginia Floyd and
hts ga'lant c laojiitors, and this battlo will do
very well " to commence a hew series,'' which
shall end, not merely In putting lo flight the
boaytlog chivalry, but in caplurlng them, that
these valiant leaders, who aro the foremost in
the "bra j " and tbe blndmOBt In fight, may be
punls'ied as tholr cr'mes deserve.
February 21, mi.
At the brier sketch of Col Garfield, of Ohio,
published recently In tbe Rrpublican, was but a
mero outline of his career, It cannot be Im
proper to stato a point of bis ctaracter that
commends him to universal regard. This Is
bis Integrity. Though ho supplied a puljfll
during bis college course, ba was not Purltuu
leak Tho superiority of his m'nd gave him n
high position in literary circles; but his nppo.
fltlon to whatever be consid.r.d vtrnrg wus n
trait that elicited high admiration It was pro
posed on one occasion to loan the 11 sg of tt o
class of 185G, which wis a pretent from tho
young ladies of Willlamitown, to another clasv,
to escort a rebellious student from the town.
Not only did he vote against euch a use of It,
but bis voice was eloquent in denunciation ot
all tymp ilby with disobedience of college laws.
The committee having the care ol that Ug bai
this week ordered it to be sent to its csrly it
He was atsJ an earnest opponent of secret
societies. Instancei might be multiplied of
his defending the right, even so far as to incut
the reproscfaes of mora discreet acquaintance'.
Tbe Senate's confirmation Is a fitting reward
for meritorious serv'ce. R.
February 4, 1862.
Nonet la hereby given of tha readiness of
this Department to redeem the Treasury notoa
payable in one year from date, authnrlzod hy
(he act of Congress approved Decembor 23d,
1UT, and the Iroaaury notes payable in sixty
days from date, authorized by the act of Con
gress approved 2d Marob, 1861,
Intoreat on Treasury notes of tbe above la
sues will cease en the 7th day of April next by
tbe terms of those sets respectively.
DKTiltTMKVT OK STATr,
WatUnqlon, Jan. 20, !Sti2
The Secretary or State will hereafter receive
members of Congress on business on Saturdays,
commencing with Saturday, tho first ol next
WILLIAM H. SEWARD.
January 21, 1862.
Ordered, That the War Department will be
closed Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Thursdays, aud
Fridays against all other business but that which
relates to active military operations In tho field.
Saturdays will bo devoted to the buslneM ol
Senators and Representatives
Mondays to the buslnesi ol tho public.
Edwin M. Stanton,
ja2-tf Secretary ol War,