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The national Republican. (Washington, D.C.) 1860-1862, February 27, 1862, Image 2

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VMMiNMWMVHMMaMMMMaMMaMaBWMMaMiaMMarillMMMkMMMMiAsMiMMnMBMIAdfca
MiwiMiuw!uaBigwwwwiA.ji 'a vwgwnssn,yxvjj.'';ju'.s3jstjtg..
NATIONAL REPUBLICAN.
roliliihtd Daily, Xudiyi KieepUd,
MY W J MURTAQH ao
OtOROt M. WISTOH, 1PITOM. j,
ST Ths publication oatee of tti
Republican Is at the northeast oorner eC D MM
dev.nth street, saooni i00T..,.. JtlLt
herd's stors. Bntranoe on Borantn street.
. itaadla Matter nnj patsc-M
JLt8 FOH TBI DAILY HATKMIAL,
HBPtTBUOAK IO HUUMi ,'
A PAPER THAT EVERT BOLDHBt SHOULD
HAVE.
Wo hare been Induced to offer oar dally pai
per' to soldiers, who shall form dab, at the
followtnlow rates :
1 copy, 4 mootbt $1.60
5 copies, monlbi &00
10 coplei, montha 10.00
All over ten ooplea, at the rate of one dollar
pr copy for four months.
pf The names moat always be accompanied
with the money.
p9 Write the namea distinctly, and give
the company and the number ol the regiment
fBf The papers will be mailed to one name,
or the names will be written separately, If de
aired. ,.
VUQITIVtC SLAVE LAW!.
The proflalon In the Constltation of the Uni
ted States in respect to fugitive slaves, only ap
piles to the case of slaves escaping from one
blatt Into another Sate.
The States are under no obligation lo tor
render stares escaping Into them, from either
the District of Columbia or from the Territo
ries. And, although Congress, which hsi supreme
jurisdiction over this District and over the Ter
ritories, may provide, and has provided for the
surrender ol slaves escaping into them from the
States, It doea so s a matter of discretion, and
notln consequence of any constitutional require
ment to that effect.
In view ol the current rebellion of slavey and
of the slaveholders, they should certainly re
ceive no aids beyond what Is imperatively de
manded by the strict letter of the Constitution.
This matter Is of Immediate and practical
Importance, la respect to the great and fertile
region known as the Indian Territory, west ot
Arkansas and north of Texas. Notonlyshoutd
slavery be instantly and perpetually Interdic
ted there, but all alavee escaping Into It should
be free from pursuit and arrest. The Incur
gent slaveholders In the adjacent States, are
entitled to no comity or consideration what
ever. They have probably forfeited even their
constitutional rights, but at any rate, they should
be deprived without ceremony of every extra.
constitutional favor of which they have been
heretofore in the enjoyment
This Indian Territory is admirably adapted
to cotton, considerable quantities of which are
even now prodaced there. It must be jealous
ly guarded and pseserved for the use and en
joymentol the free labor ot the country, which
will press Into that inviting field, just as soon
as the pre-entwar Is well over. How slavery
in Texas and Arkansas will survive the opera
tions of Gens. Hunter and Lane, remains to be
seen, but at any rate, It will be held In check
against future outbreaks, by the existence of a
powerful free community in their rear. That
is what we can secure by a vigorous and prov
ident policy In respect to the Indian Territory,
now placed at our discretionary disposal, by
the treachery of the feeble and decaying tribes
which nominally occupy it
pttsMDjctrr DtTin heriaqk.
This document compresses Into a wonder
fully short space, misrepresentations enough to
furnish the texts for Innumerable discourses.
'Mr. Davis coolly claims thirteen States as the
number composing his Imaginary Confederacy,
and Include, therefore, Missouri, and Ken
tucky, whejVhave both repudiated him and bis
by every form of popular manifestation, and
where his military foethold la now reduced to
the single point ol Columbus, already outflank
ed beleaguered and aoon to be evacuated, If pot
taken by assault Missouri and Kentucky are
represented by full delegations In the old Con
gress of the old Union, and will learn with some
surprise that they are two of the.thlrteen States
01 the Southern Confederacy.
la close connection with this assumption of
Jurisdiction over territory Into which be dares
not set his root Mr. Divls glorifies the guarao
tee of the pacific character of the Sooth, to be
found in the fact lhatite polltlcalsystemadmlls
of only the voluntary association ol communi
ties. Vet, at this moment, Its armies of Inva
piou are ravaging portions of New Mexico, and
it la only a lew weeks ago that the possession
of Kentucky was avowed to be Buck a military
and territorial necessity, that the opposition of
its inhabitants must, if necessary, be oveicome
by the strong hand.
Mr. Davis asserla that tnu Sooth ha been
able to carry on this war without impairing the
Irecdom of apeech and of the press; and with
out Invading personal rights. This la only true
in the aeoBe that the war has not diminished
such freedom of speech and of the press as ex
isted at tha South before the war began; that Is
to say, none ut all. The people there have
loat no liberties, having none to lose. They
may, la the end, gain some, by being relieved
from the ruffian and bowle-knlfe tyranny of the
slaveholdlng oligarchy.
Mr. Davis looka tu the breaking down ol the
Government under " a load of debt" II that
"load" would not press equally Hpon the
Southern Conlederacy, if its independence was
a possible achievement, It la becauso it would
be thrown off by the grateful and aicuaUimed
remedy of repudiation. Debt never troubled
Mississippi, or Florida, or Arkanaas; and Mr.
Davis evidently fears no trouble from It to the
Confederacy ol which lhy are the ornaments,
Mr. Davis finds the most decisive stimulant
to continued struggles In the fact that " nothing
can be ao bad as failure." Iu this, Mr. Davis
speass only tor himself and his associates In
tue leauerahlp or the rebellion. For the masses
there la one thing which would bo worse than
" failure," and that la, tuuesn.
MMIi FMFOMTIOsT VORAOOMFBO
The Trihunt of yesterday says it U " wall as
sured that a proposition from tha rebel (seders
new-bsrnsa-omUS
Goverameasnd
subamnoeia
csaveltv.
laJraniiJtillfW to hi ' rie Aba the
manufacture of publlo sentiment In its behalf.
The gist of the proposition we understand to
run thus:
1. An armistice for a specified term, with a
view to a peaceful adjustment of aUdlnVrenoee.
2. AconventloooftbeStetae.wlthav.ewto
sucSe revUdaV "KTeeriffCojifia3on"as
will leduoe tto efevatolarag rtbelt to "emiey.
eoeod to govern us la the latere on tens atari?
as tavirable as in the last. lj ,.,, ,j. ,,v,
We believe this Is all for a 11 ultilng."
tvx mn AJrTAim-TJTnttD mm ahd
JhUMAA. I
The latter from Prlnoe Gortsohekoff to Mr.
do Slcekl, relative to too Treat affair, it Mas
trallve of the high regard In which oar nation
is oeiq py ue nuaaian uovernmenu n oua ex
pressing tha Ugh satisfaction entertained by hit
Imperial Majesty in the dclenahmtlon taken by
the Federal Government, It Is stated,' "although
It has not yet come to our knowledge, except
through the channel of the newspapers, oar at
guat masterhaa been unwilling to delay transmit '
ting to the President the sentiments with whloh
Ills Imperial Majesty has appreciated this proof
of moderation and equity, ao muck tha more mao
Itoriou because It was rendered the more dUB
cult by national impulses. Gortschakoff adds.
that by this nation remaining faithful to the polit
ical principles which she has always maintained,
even when those principles were tsraed against
her, and by abstaining from Invoking, to her
turn, the benefit of doctrines which aha hat
always repudiated, the American nation haa
given a proof ol political Integrity which con
fers Incontentible titles to the esteem and grat
itude of all Governments Interested In seeing
the peace of the ssaa maintained, and the prlu
clples of right prevailing over those of force In
International relations, for the repose of the
world, the progress qf clrillzitlon, and the
welfare of humanity.
The letter of Secretary Seward, whieh has
also been transmitted to Congress by the Prrsl
dent. Is expressive generally of the friendship
existing between our country, " a great Repub
lic In the West," sod Russia, "a great monarchy
in the East" Mr. Seward's reply contains the
assurance that the war will end In the perfect
restoration of the Union on lbs old and well-
tried Constltation.
Ghl. IUllkox'h List Osder. We publish
In this paper the last order Ironi Gen. Ualleck,
prescribing certain rules for our troops advan
cing into Tennessee, and amiog thero one for
bidding the reception of fugitive slaws within
our lines and camps This la au old order, pu(
upon a new reason. When he Srst issued it in
Missouri, Gen. Ualleck based It upon the silly
falsehood that such fugitives werj very fro
quently the enemy's spies. He now bases It
upon the position that military officers have '
nothing to do with the relation of master and
slave. How that position jostiles his order, Is
not apnarenl His order, na -no ntho .j...
tkantoreoognlxe and protect the relation of
master and slave, for the benefit of rebels. In
stead of accepting aid from all loyal persons,
Gen. Halleck makes a special exception .of
"fiujitiv shvts." Whymske that exception,
If military officers have nothing to do with the
relation of master and slave '
In South Carolina, Gen. Sherman receives all
fugitive slaves, by express order from the Gov
ernment The same thing is done, and by tbe
same order, here and at Fortress Monroe. It Is
done everywhere by the navy, under the orders
of Secretary Welles.
What entitles this upstart, Gen. Halleck, to
assume to reverse the policy prevailing every
where else t Will the President tolerate this
magnificent insolence !
Yancxt iton the Sutxkt QuxanoM- Among
the papers just laid before the British Parlia
ment, Is a letter addressed to Lord Russell, on
the Hth of last August, by Means. Yancey,
Beet, and Mann, commissioners of the Southern
Confederacy, la which the following paragraph
Is found:
" It was from no fear that ths slaves would
be liberated that secession took plaoe. Tbe
very party In power has propossd to guarantee
slavery for ever In the States If the South would
ou. remain in ma union. Mr. Lincoln's roes
sage proposes no freedom to the slave, but an
nounoes subjection of his owner to the will of
me uuiun in inner worai. 10 me will or tne
North. Even after the battle Of Bull Run, both
branches nf the Congress ut Washington passed
resolutions that the war Is only waged in order
to uphold that (pro slavery) Constitution, and
toeoforoe the Uwa,(many ol them pro-slavery,)
and out of one hundred uud seventy-tarn votes
In the lower House they received all but two,
and In the Senate all but one vote. As ths army
commenced Its march, the commanding general
Issued ru order that no slaves should be re
ceived Into, or allowed to follow, the camp.
The great objeot of tbe war, therefore, as now
officially announced, la not to Tree tbe alave,
but to keep blm In subjection to his owner, and
to control bis labor through tbe legislative
channels which the LlnoLln (.oTarnmnnt rfA
signs to force upon the master. The under
signed, therefore, submit with confidence that
as far as the ami slavery sentiment of England
is LOncerned, It can have no sympathy with tbe
North; nay, it will probably become disgusted
who a canting nypoorlsy wblch would enlist
thoss sympMhlss 00 false preteices."
It Is easy to see bow and why It has hap
pened, that the anil slavery sentiment of ng.
land has not been enlisted on the side of the
Union and against tbe South.
Tilt: IlANULSU or Uoedon The leas aalil
by the newspapers about the .execution of
Gordon the better. It is an affair which 're
flects no credit upon any one concerned in It,
and the moro It is discussed tbe more unsavory
is Its odor. .Yets 1'orfc Herald.
If the Herald intends the above as an ioault
to President Lincoln, it has been quite success
ful, as be was particularly " conoerned In the
affair," us bo teelsted ail tho efforts made to
save the liio of tbe pirate, who deserved to die
as mutb aa any other slave-trader.
Rii.it.oi..--A grand reception by the sons
of Massachusetts In New York la in n,.
tlon for tha Massachusetts officers and men of
tne returned prisoners en roule from Richmond,
now In ibs city, upou their patsage Ihrouch
New York. T
TEE QUESTION S1TTLED!
'lanniiwiawi.asBannjfa j
AN IMPORTANT PAP
COME
TO LIGHT I
It, waaoaly yaaterda IMttwa.nsadi taa-sb-sari
aatJarkllaas af Tae aatocratTKlat'jsff,
amtamsSaaaaBaaapawaam-aaaaaaaaBaBaBa1a; aaamsaV vaveaBwtfbavaa -
bafora oar readars ska flat denial ofoae of his
msayjboastlng asWrUoas, li Wn'ba'iaeol
lectad that,asas e foUowIag wot :. , ,3 .
"Ills aaaaamettoa that wabars melatalaed
she war bTbafhatMsd aastMsast Wa'have
netUter.aaked nor reoelTsd aasmtaaos from any
qnartar."
TbaiLoadon aapt o Bth'ooBtala, among
iaa documents laid before Parllsmaal, a letter
sddiasaad toHar Majesty's BeoretaryoJ Foreign
Afakt, Invoking the reoognltlon of' theOonfed
eraU ;8sUeso(' America, sbrhed by.tba three
rebel eommtsstoners, W. L. Yancey, P. A-Rost,
and A. padley Mann. Tha following Is Lord
Rnmella reply:
hm, jMasmx to Mamat. raxcrr, kost, aud
sun- , , ,..
I FosxiaNOmca. Ant U. 1861
Tha undersigned has had the honor to receive
the letter of tha ltlh lost, addressed to him by
Messrs. Yancey, Root aad Mann, on behalf of
the so-etyiea vonreaerait amies or itoru abst
lea.' i .; tu - '1.. - '
The British Government do aot pretend to
snv war to Dronouooe a judiment noon the
questions In debate betweenJbe United States
ana mar aaverssnes en norm America ; isn
British Government can ooly regret thsthese
ditrersnoesluive, nnfortunately.been submitted
to the arbitrament of arms. Her Majesty has
considered this contest as constituting a civil
war, and her Majesty "has, by her royal procla
mation, deolarea her intention to preserve a
strict neutrality between the contending par
list In that war.
Her Majesty will strictly perform the duties
which belong to a neutral. Her Majesty can
not undertake to determine by anticipation
what mar be the Issue oi tha oontest, nor 'can
she acknowledge the Independence (ol the nine
Stales which are) now combined1 against 'the
President and Conarnss-tf Jtbe .Unite States,
until the fortune of atms or, the more peaceful
mode of negotiation shall have more dearly,
determined the respective positions of the two
belligerents.
tier maiesiv can, ia 10s mean ume, oniy ex-
press a bepe that some adjustment satisfactory
to both oartli
les may do come to, wimout uiei
calamities which must ensue in the event of an
embittered and protraoted conflict. .
The undersigned, Ac., Russru.
Rxctvr Naval Prizes in ths Gclv. Several
rebel prizes have recently been taken by our
gallant Beet In tbe Gnlf of Mexico. On tbe
twentieth cf January, the gnaboat Cuyler,
Captain Francis Wlnslow, after a savers en
gagement with maskers sad small arms, cap
tured the schooner J. W. Wilder, with her
cargo of coffee, soap, lead, liquor, Oliver, cod
fish, Ac The next day the British) consul at
Mobile olalmed the vessel, but rebel possession
was proved, and the case will bo taken before.
a prize court
The steamer Calhoun was taken near the
Southwest Pass, from Havana, with a cargo of
four hundred and ninety-one cases powder, two
Honored and sixty-seven bags ceBSe, a large
amount of steel, Iron, aad medlclaes, with some
small arms.
At the mouth of the Rlo Grande, the British
steamer Lebnan, with a partial load of cotton,
after landing ordnance stores at Matsmoras to
bo sent nortn lor adjudication.
An unfortunate accldcstoscurred In cooneo
tlon with the capture of a small barque at the,
South Paav on the Z4tb or 'Jaojiary, by the
sloop of-war Vlncenncs, Oapt Samuel Marcy.
The captain went off in a boat with a howitzer
on a pivot In tho bow. In firing, the pivot-bolt
broke, and the gun, recoiling, struck him, in
juring him fatally. He was a son of Ex Gov
ernor Marcy, of Mew York, and much beloved.
On February 1st, the gunboat Montgomery,
Capl'E. J. Jewetl, took the schooner Isabel,
from New Orleans to some port in Tests,'
loaded with sugar, tobacco, molasses, and rice,
8hs was sent to Key West
This news comes via thlp Island, Mbudslsppl,
by the Constitution, Capt Fletcher. An im.
mediate advance to the main land was pre
dicted. News was also brought of the desertion
of one T. P. Tan Beatbuysen, a reporter' for tho
New York Sun, claiming to be a nephew of
Jeff. Davis.
Mi Jon Liodmts. Among the many evidences
of sympathy In tha cause of maintaining the
union of States, and asserting tbe rights of our
federal Government, none can be considered
more complimentary than that recently be
stowed by the Republic of Switzerland In send
ing to this country, upon leave of absence,
Major Ferdinand Lccomte, one ol the most In
telllgent, energetic, and thoroughgoing officers
of the Swiss Federal staff. The commanding
general, by at once securing Ihe services of
Major Jrfcomte upon his personal staff, has
very becomingly acknowledged tbe compll
ment tendered.
ii is well known that the aged General
Dufour, Commander-in-Chief of Ihe Swiss mili
tary forces, was the Instructor of ths present
Emperor Napoleon, and Major Lecomte coming
from tbe tame school of military science, may
well be supposed to possess military knowledge
of the highest order. In regard to military
science and authority, Major Lecomte ranks in
Switzerland about equal to General Halleck In
this country, and although but about tho age
of our G6mmaoderiu Chief,' be la lbs aothor bf
a number of.standard military works.
Briuht's SvucUHon.- Gov. Morton, of In-
dlana, has appointed Han. Joseph A. Wright to
fill tbe vacancy of Brlgbt's place In Ihe United
States Senate. Gov. Wright's loyally la. not to
be doubted. He belongs to the DemocraUe
school of politicians, and was elected to Con-
gress, although' bisdlstrlpt bad a Whig major
ity, and was subsequently elected Governor
by a large majority. His last public office was
mat 01 emDassador to missis. "
Deatb urCAFT. VouRiirju. We learn from
Annapolis that Captain Phillip F. Voqrhees,
umieu ou.w'0 nuvy, uiea in inai city very sua'
denly on Sunday morning.
Jajr sua tha Leetsue a
. J 1 (Mlaja this Km
flHgaeaVaame," says the
" la bal
ls fomar
awl.i..r !.. -, All
wis DIUTBWUW
me, when It di
sn It becomes s
peerage, whale1
mark Its ex
idoabt such
of tt great British statesman, Robert ! I
whonnadatmrsliiedly refused to sink his gr. a
naM-leaned sad won by sis abilities and
thlsVhaKt
seBateslfBWNM
smuderBstlau'
t4,r,,'
ream tMBaaaom-
rSTthtffRfc
IstsBb. VfjRhiM
WW! MM imyrmrtvri
marlt)lnatltl.. lej the name of Robert Peel. I u.iiam
Zk&d .. ae?41WUU7
the possessor cf It an Immeasurably greater B;..V"
4
vfnHnl Af tiAviA
an my. lord Dnkg this, or
Earl InakaaaU tjraa WMth Hbsai, saMlal
sad noaMnsical aMUaei
mseaucai osauncuoas. 1
' Tke distinguished geatl earns whom we an
ouncs as the lecturer fntjlblt e,v,anlp,ma)
wen ryoio id pis auuncuon uai oe wears a
great and good' naat,iket be,theigraaab)oa
of a man in tea foremost rank of the arrest and
wise men of 'ouf RevOiunoairy alsldryhaltbe
honor of an tnheritanoe madsjllastrlfluaby the
tony statesman anoancorrnpiiDie patriot, joon
' 'A' multitude of (thoughts crowd npon na as
we write with this Inspiring association: as we
revolve ItfaWaWai IhnsajeoTiXolfaljar,
with those other great characters, Alexander
Hamilton and James Madison, whore labors
ware aver devoted to their couativ's ,beat la
teratts, and who, In that series 6f'urnrtassa
political papers oaladlbe,Vfedrot''prj
formed so Important iria ffecUvw a -pari to' the
work of eatebllshlna ,10. Federal Consltu
tlon; and nowl'to-day, after tke'lapse' of more
than sovenlyjyeara, John Jay, (worthy repre
aentetive oftho sUtcWmin-'and patriot of the
Republic's erly,eys,)oooie,t9,tb,),Fedsryd
capital to utter bis voice In defence ol thst
OosBUtullon'anojfsysaem of Vjevsrnnmntiwhlol
h(s Illustrious ancestor did so much to oall Into
life, add or arhicb, too, -pa wastonable.aa ex.
posltor. D.
Ths Uniox Fctuko rW RicWokd. By 'the
bus arrivals fromiRebsaprid, wp have lyforma.
tlou from a variety 01 sources mat me union
feeling is very strong aadlha.M Wobnatastly
gaiolog. The iitamlaer rays thst " the dlsar
lecUonoV "a llrgW portion 'of 'the foreign Mi-
latlon of Richmond " baa just been discovered
by tbelr'oppUiUos to 'lie military ooweripH
. ..,,,,. ,mv, t nnu, r.,i.i i
'"" ," 'VfLM.-t ' ,. JL .' ta,iv"
s" b -K,.... . .....
mond,wbo own no slaves, ami who are opposed
to the stave system, ana mey now openiy re
Mst the demand made npoo thttn to Hgbt for an
Institution tbey dialiU, br for a government
based upon it This element of opposition In
Richmond is quite strong. r , ( , , ,
Tbe Jixamuur nas aiso aisoovereu iua. a
large number of' tbe'werlLUreu' In 'tbe govern
ment workshops, ate. Union rnen,aad ".that
fortr of them had refuse I tu take the oath of
allegiance.
The DitpaWi. In (l lamenlaUooa over this
subject, says:
Thra ar lories in tnebouln.as thero were
torics in the Revolution Wroei aymphthles are
with the enemies or their country, wno lament
Its victories and rejoice over Its defeats."
It is also asserted that there are several mem
bers'" of the House of Representativee, and one
or two Senators, who are In, favor oftputtlng a
stop to the war, and of taking such measures
aa will result In the return of the States to Ihelr
allegiance, and that they have secured tho co
operation of one of the Richmond editors to a
certain extent, and that a couple of articles
will noon appear In one of the Richmond papers,
Inte.lded to feel the publlo pulse In regard to
these startling views, (as they will appear at
tbe South.")
Tbe loyal workmen In the Government laun
dry have behaved very badly, according, to, the
JScambur, which says that Gen. Winder would
not permit their names to be puWIohcd," '
Yet. ihouch these names are leant secret, tbe
fact thai so large a number of traitors have been
hitherto employed In those important depart
ments, laboratory, and the artillery works, has
;lven rise to mucn angry eicmmeat aou in
llvnant comment Men recollected yesterday
and"30iopared notes of rumors regarding ,lhe
quality of the ammunition furnished by this cily
to onr araiy uu vna iruHuitw.
it nas rjaen 101a nere, tuu uvvcr uuuwauict
ed, that tbe Richmond fixed ammunition was
so mean, and even dangerous, that tbe Wash
ington artillery refused to use H after tbe first
experiment: one ol tbe sheila, designed to be
thrown half a mile, having exploded within ten
feet of Ihe gnn. A (hell Is also raid actually to
hw Tnlfwta4 hafom laavlDf tha barrel nf n
cannon 01 tne j'onaieion ariiuery. Ana, iur
ther. it Is said that not one In ten of tbe Rich
mood shells exploded at all, so defective are
the fuses, Sljjce. the, discovery of this large
parly of our enemies in our mius., our people
think tbey perceive already explanation or
'the complaiots at tbe artillery corps In' the
neja."
"Inebadicablk Ahtauon!3u "The Richmond
Disvatch. In Ihe course of comments npon the
rebel disaster at Fort ,Donelsoo, admits ttjat
there are some classes at tne boutn wuicn would
acquiesce in "Yankee domination,1 but pro
ceeds to say
" Tbe great majority of tie Southern people,
however, are devotedly attached to their coun
try . to Its habits and modes 01 llie.ana tney nave
an innate and Ineradicable antagonism to the
political and social system or toe invauiog race,
to their character and habltsr and their very
modes of speech, which the present cruel war
hat Intensified into such passionate and pro
found detestation', that sooner' than acknowl
edge the Yankees as masters--tboy would ra
ther see the whole Southern .country sink lo
the, bottom of the ocean. 'As e whole, tho
Sooth Is proud, sensitive lo the last degree to a
stain upon her honor, and holding death as an
Inferior evil to' deintdhttOnl Such "men may
l..a.a...n -na t AvIa hnl-lllteft hntihAVf-nn.
be subjugated. Tbey will resist as long us
resistance ispocsible, and, If. conquered, tbey
will not stay conquered.1 When tba spirits' of
a people are lndumitaoie, iney can never on
enslaved : and so Ions as tba South Is true to
herself she will maintain her freedom and In
dependence."
.Tun Coward Colon sl, ANsmoijaxL. The
order Issued by Secretary Stanton relative to
this man, whom General Lander accused of
cowardice In tbe recent brilliant affair at Bloom
lh Gap, has already been published. The
Wheeling Intelllytncer says that General Lander
bias 'concluded to suspend' the 'death penalty,
janil that he will tlmply disgrace Ihe recreant
colonel by depriving 'him ot.ilHei sword aud
commission, and ordering blm forthwith out of
bis military jurisdiction.
r"ilt TELFttEAJPH.
nLon Flfht.
a y - a ipj
n. aHOlerauid1
- .3?.- J$ veo
Chicago, Feb. IS. The offlolal rstunis show
in ftiiivu. i,vu wvunun, un lov miBSlDK Iu
(leu. McClernand's division, at ths nibt at Port
uonsison.
loolis. Fab. M. Ths official list of tha
wounasa in ue inaiana rsgiments at
1 of Fort Dontlson la as follows:
unaa. " -nni m T.-..tfc
killed, IS; wounded, 100. Thlrtr-first, wounded,
UiilPr'T fourtS' J,""aa. ' ' riPrsoood,
... j ,. .h ,, nk n...v... .
Indianarxtlii. Fab. 55. Osn. Bucknar and
sUff, Including HaM Casby, Hays ana CaatMy
uapu. rnomas 4 viay, unarm rfnoswoD aoa JSj
ewsioiionaia, ana J. nHuananer, usm
lt.1.... ....la ul,.a -aa-ksl l.aM.atr
one o'olook this mornlnf ,.wllh S00 othsr.prls-1
oners, among whom areiMaj. tlranbeiTr.iof
uen. nuamaira t statrc iai. .Hereon uaiian
and Oapt. MoorBaaB,Jof Boahrod Johnson's
staff: Cant rtlhk' Minur'. 1 (nraaarlT of flarl.
t-..:.. .--i .. .Twrr;f' .. '-. i .. -. :.
oamrs auin Jpu Junes log rami nianwnx,iDti
Among me prisoners arnvsa en alandar and
yesterday are Lleot-Col. 'Lyon, otthe Elgatb
ivvhuukj; vui.'-ioftii tiusnj Lieut UOI,
ADerdathy, of (he Plftythlrd Teaaesssei and
lalBUl. vujt.wvBr.uu ,
Qan. Bucknsr Is confined atone In a room of
tha United RUtsa cnftrtfenlittirir'-" lr- '' l
-There are now in.thialty.iLrtfayetts, aiid
Xerre1 Haute, nearly all thousand prisoners.!!;;
IWporiamt 'frenat -Ark:
I Ul.T -I. T
THIS SKBZL PRIUK DRIVKN VROX CBOStrYlOL
LOW OUR ARMY (JUARTKB1KO ON THE
KXIXT. '
St. Loom, Feb, ii Uen. Halleck this morn
In telelraobed Oeri. McClsllan as follows! 1 -
Ueri. Price's army has been driven from bis
sironiDoiaiai uroes jkhiow.. ane enemy tan
bis sick and.woundsd and auoh atarM aa ha
could; no(. destroy.. He. burned, his, extensive
barrajnks at that plaoe, to prevent our troops
ocouuvlai them. Uan; Cnrita aava meat nf mi,
-prpyif ions for tbe last ten daya have been taken
from the enemy. .f,itti n
NT. l.n.TIB. Iran. '.-. lln H,,ni1.- Av.nln lu
thirteen sleAmboata landed a strong foroe of
Federal troops at Commeroe,a(sw miles above
uairn wnose aeaunauon la supposed to be
" son Mini" lb ArkHnsas'., ' ' u y
iv? . - - . n ..1 ..a-..
'a?
From Fortress iMosroe.
,(. ifHE EFFECTS OF.'THE GALK.
a I
r Fuhtucsh MnNMiK. KA.b'iAL,Tha"afau.tri-.Mii
1 Rpaujdlng haa arrived bere from Hattsras. She
leu taere on Bunaar.iiui uringa no news.
I The attenint to. fay a cable across tbe bar
was a) failure. The Hoboken,aftsrgsttlog b'ajf
way across, anonnred for tbe nlsbt, but waa
overotsen ny a awrm aqn went asnore nn U4pe
Itenrr. and is a tolal loss. All bands wars
saved, and ' were taken off by tbe Spauldlng.
mm di tne came is lost. Tne n ur which is
laid lias Ita end buoyed ud In the bav. .
ins UfB. roross wan. asnorei near nag's
.L 1 .. ..--- 1 . '
nwa ana win d- a iuui maa.
The steamer Express Is reported lost on ths
r-asiern snore.
iii
Great Fire at Bostou.
Boston, February 25. Afire, wblch occurred
berellast night, was one nf tbe greatest ever
known In Boston; It burnt from ten o'clock to
three this morning. The gale from the nortb
westjwas blowing heavily, with. snow and -ball,
and (be firemen bad a severe night nf it Two
firemen- were killed br fallini walls, and one
was badly Injured. Tbe entire range of build
ings im me norm sias or butern avenue Irom
Commercial street to Water, Including East
Bosmn.uia rerry nip, ana ins large mi -story
building known1 as the Exchange Hotel, with
eight hundred bales of votton.wa destroyed.
Five teasels at the wharf ware lowed out and
saved. The total loss la nrobablr halfxrailllon.
Boms eallmates are higher. Durlns the nlgbt
ins wwer ui ine xwinau tvninuuo uuurcn, i.asi
isoaion, waa Diown aovo.
Tbe Hebel Lcglslattire of Ten
nessee at Slenphls.
St. Louis, Feb. '25. Two old oitltens of St.
Louis, who left Memphis, 00 Tuesday last, ar
rived here to-dsy. They report that on the day
thavtleft Memnhls. the 'Tenneeaee Leelalatura
Hf rlf ed there from Naahvllle.'and were to meet
on lie louowinguiywaiBauaainepresenisuis
of affairs In that Suite. "
The people were rapidly arriving at Memphis
iron) nasnvuie, anq conR rogaung in large num
bers. 'All the gold and sliver that ooutd be got
hold, of, bad been moved to Memphis. A panlo
of oJlnssal dimensions bad seized the'rebela:
State and Confederate scrip whs or no value
whatever.
There were only 3,000 rebel Iruops at Nsw
Maaria, unaer uoi, uuaisr.
mrthworks bad bsen ersotsda abort dls
tanoe below New Madrid. Jeff. Thompson held
no commana mere, .
I
RtBZL OOTBAIItS in Webtkiui Viruima. The
most brutal outrages are reported in Western
Virginia, In letters to Gov. Plcrpon', just ro
celvpd from Usrdy, Hampshire, and Pocahon
tas bounties. Notwithstanding the efforts of
the union forces, the libels are 'carrying on a
most diabolic, bush-fighting warfare, robbing
and'carrylog'off Union men 'to such' an extent
that tbe country is almost depopulated. The
letters say that If the thieving rebels are not
soon caught or killed It will be Impossible to
organize a court or assess and collect taxes, for
they are robbing ths country of ,811 ths taxable
property. A gentleman wbo has just returned
from a tonr throughPocahontas county, writes
from UultouatlUe that there are about two hun
dred and filly rebels at Hunlersvlilr, with one
csplala, iney nave murdered seven union
Citizens In thai vicinity during the last mCnth,
and tnrcafen to murder oiuers.
Rihuval or Soutb Carouka Slavku. By
an order cf tho Governor and Executive Coun
ell Of South Carolina, the owners of slaves re
moved from the seaboard to the Interior of tbe
Slate arc required lo plaoe them under the
control of some white .person residing In the
neighborhood to which tbe slaves may be re
moved. Any vlolsWon of this order subjeots
tho party Infringing It to a penalty ot ten dol
lars per head per month on each slave so left
without proper oontrol.
1 -
RuuoRti) Dlatii 01 Fion. The Louisville
Journal, ol Monday lest, says,' (t Is stated by
reliablo gentlemen from Fott 'Donelson 'and
Cairo, that ft 'is tbq general opinion1 among (be
rebel prisoner that Gen. John B. Floyd was
kllj'd the night ho ao inglorioualy fled from
Fort Donelson. The report 'aaya that there
wl gffat. f rcttemept at the 'time tho troops
under FIo;d and Pillow wcro attempting to
embark ou tho eteamers, and a fearful rcram
ble as towl.0 should get aboard and escape, as
transportation was In-uftlclent. Floyd stood
In person, at the gangway of one of tbe boats,
ncd, who a urawn sworu, ueui on ui uwr,
niTmllllncr his favorites to set aboard. A
lieutenant approaching Floyd, mad) an efturt
to get anoira, wnen ne was mootu u ."
nnneral. Tha Uentenant continued to ad
vance, when Floyd struck blm on the shoulder
wlln his sword, innicung nuvotu nuuuu.
Thelletttenaht Tiromptlyurow bis pistol awl
fiitd upon' Floyd, end('lhe report says, killed
01m. 1
nyi Fortypc
iryi
- T -
Chaplsf , of Tennessee and Kentucky artti'sry
and Infantry; Surgeons Charles, ,Wldny,4od
w. Q.iowsn. ot,wasoU)gtI at?,., T?! f,
Among the prlaonsrs.arrifsd en Bandar and
OOxTCrRESB
iMsBBSS10N. .
ruiry 26, 1601.
UL8.
presented, and oppro
ork. for tha nuiin
a central banknint law.
From cltlseaa of Wisconsin, nravlnv for tha
liberation of slarei. and the allowance of com
pensation for those of loyalist!:
From women of Pennsylvania, praying for
emancipation of slaves, with compensation to
loyal owners. - II ,
From a medical board In New' York 'city,
simaaaiiaaleg against Ike-apaolatmeat of
TT rja-rr'.-'igr,,!,! s-maka t 1
if. tCBNNEDY. from the Committee on Ihe
DWriotof ColnarMaJnaertad atflUta mUUnn
ItiSfSBSESS -wv,-jr-M?t.
fTMr. (MoPOUGAU., .from the 'special com-
aaunnut rmoiao railroad, reported a bill
authorizing the construction ol a railroad and
telegraph Has. from the Missouri river to the'
Pkclfjo ocean. -1. ,4
1 .. H WtTIVATION Or COTTaSf LAWS.
' 'OB mbtlon'of.-Mf. WADlfl bill for the'
octfMoey end .cultivation of cotton lands in
Bouts Carolina was taken op- m" '
f.tMr. DOOLiTTLE deemed 'it Injudicious for
lim yuiwu oiaiw w go inio 100 COUOn culture,
orcimlng tho leaaioir system.
, uii iip-j-touwary, ir. Dusini.it 'inveignea
agalst leasing these lands, as' tending to en
gender aa ambition In private Indlvldoals to
beeynte nabobs through this Dew business; and
begged Congress to rtmtmber ibat nature would
"ot wilt, sad Jht.t,, cottonseed most aoon'bn
planted. If at all; and so pass ihe bill at once.
Mr.lBROWNING said he oonld not rote for
the bill In Its prerent crude state, fearing, thst
throuth It loyalUts might suffer.
To tvhlch objection, Mr. HALE replied, and
enforced the suggestion ol Mr. Snmner, that
scJ-tme was npon ns, declaring it prophetio
In Its Significance, and that this was a time for
creating rather than hunting up precedents.
Mr. FOSTER, Ihe originator of the bill, then
defended 1i,ltmeli.ttfcti, off-Mr. Browning's
objections. t, ,'p 11 fip f i , )
The bill wss laid aside at tbe olose or the '
morning hour,
Tin'RcruiurriTioN bill
Being the special order, upon which Mr. COL
LAMER had the floor, upon bis amendment
fixing' the! number pf Representatives at 241.
tit-. -i . r.L n......-.-a .. . . a
-w - wm mure ourreci ratio 01 repre
sentation. . ,
The amendment was adented. and tha hill
was passed, v t J ' '
TUB ORJCUON CASK.
Mr. HALE withdrew his motion lo re com-
bit
Mr. SUMNER then modified his amendment,
refusing to allow Mr. Starke to lake the oath
without a thorough Investigation ot the truth
of allegations against him, and supported his
amendment In a speech, the central idea ol
which was, whether the claimant charged with
disloyalty should be allowed, without any ex
amination, either to purge himself or perjure
himself, and referring to the old English com
edy of "Treason Mado Easy, or An Oath so
Greats Thing." P
Mr. McDOUGALL charged the Senator irom
Matsinbuseits with Injustice and discourtesy
towards the claimant, in raying that he would
be gtillty el perjury, if allowed to take ths
oath.,
Mrl SUMNER said he was misunderstood.
Ia,,tako the oath aa an aot 0 expurgation
would be perjury; be would not say that Mr.
Ktajko would perjare himself; ho did not pre
judge the case, and still hoped the claimant
would be able to exonerate himself.
" 'Mr. DAVIS tben made a sayage onslaught
on Mr. Sumner, warning him that hlsUmofor
expulsion might come, and giving his opinion
that hall of the lawyers In the United Slates
would to day declare that Senator disloyal;
after which '
Messrs. COWAN, SUMNER,and Others, dis
cussed the meaning of the term disloyalty, and
Ita force aa a disqualification.
Mr. WILMOT defined disloyalty to be Infi
delity to tbe country and the Constitution, and
ho would exclude too claimant only when such
disloyalty should be shown.
Mr. OARLILE regarded the exclusion of
members by a bare majority, as monstrous and
revolutionary. , . e
Mr. SHERMAN held that an appointee was a
Senator from the date of appointment, bad a
right to be sworn in, tand Senators bad the
arbitrary power of expulsion afterwards by
a. two-thirds vote. ,
Brief remarks were made by Messrs. Dixon,
McDougall, and Harris, and the Senate then
adjourned.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
COHTtSTZn-ILKCTION CASE.
Mr. WORCESTER, or Ohio, from tbe Com
mittee ot Elections, offered the following reso
lution :
Iietolval, That Charles H. Upton Is not en
titled to his seat In this House aa a Representa
tive from the seventh congressional district In
Virginia.
Mr. RIDDLE, bf Ohio, m -,ved an amendment,
striking oat tbe word " not " in the above reso
lution? , Mf. WORCESTER then reviewed the case, at
considerable length, and opposed tho claim) of
Mr. Upton, ,..q
Mr. RIDDLE made a lengthy speech in favor
of the gentleman tetalnlnglils Boat '-"
Mr. FESSENPENs of Maine, also favored the
present occupant of tha seat .
Mr. SHEFFIELD,' of Rhode Island, opposed,
and)
Mr. SEDGWICK, of New York, favored tho
occupant .
nKPRKSENTATIUN.
Mr. KELLOGG, of Illinois, moved to tako
up (ha House bill, with the Senate amendment,
on the subject of fixing the number of Repre
sentatives Iu this House, and
Too bill was passed, u
Onmbllon of Mrs HAYNAllD.ol Tenoeiseo,
The House adjourned.
For tba National Itepablloaa
OUTLAWRY.
In tho report of proceedings in the Senato
February 18, the following statement appears :
"Mr. Harris Introduced a bill declaring a
forfeiture or ths rights and privileges of certain
persons. It la founded upon tbe English doc
trine of outlawry. By HaguaCbarta no citizen
oau be outlawed, put without the protection
and benefit of the law of tbe land, but by tbe
law nf the land. By this bill, when It beoomes
a law, that principle will be Introduced here."
In view of this movement, perhaps a preclso
definition of this law will not bo deemed Inop
porlune, or without Interest or service at this
juncture. "Sellon'sPrsctice," page 387, vol.
II, gives the following on this subject :
11 Outlawry Is a punishment inflicted on a
person for contempt and contumacy in refusing
to be amenable to .and abide by tno justice of
that court whloh hath lawful authority to call
before them, and as this is 1. crime of thu
highest nature, being an, act of rebellion
against that Stato or community of which be Is
a member so doth It subject tbe party to
divers forfeitures and disabilities ; for hereby
he loBCth ' Wjmtoi. kjrem,' Is out of the king a
protection. For, as to outlawries In treason
and felony, the law interprets, the party's ab
sence a sufficient evidence or his guilt, and
without requiring further proof or satisfaction, '
acoounls blm guilty of tbe fact, on whloh en.
iuss oorruptlou ol blood and forfeiture of bis
whole eitate,"
THalTT-llVJUI'M
S3)o
rw nr
1 -1 M sHJEifATK
17 Wfrt-C.
nav mno oisaaina wsre
1 ? "fm"f r
l,,ilv msraWnts bf NattX

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