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m "J " " "" " " '--' ' L ' -was. - .- mw.hi,w Mtinmwunmytfwii ( hw'im' iwpf"1" fit
PnMi.k nllt. laiaaTi BaWtsA
UY W. J- MUBTAOH
OIOROI M. WMTOM, KDITOR.
TO publioetion oo of Ik JMimal
nmiftMeaMlaat ths irthsTi corner of D and
jevsnth street, seoond floor, ovsr W. D. Bhep-
herd's (ton. smiranoe on Bevsnu nmi.
FrMay, Frtnur 29, IMS
sr Kaaeuuas avarjr m.tl .
Ttw Britlih politicians who advocated Inter
vention In favor of the South, did so chiefly
upon the alleged ground that Btltlih manufac
ture were suffering from the want of cotton.
This waa transparently a pretence, aa every-
body knew lhat the British manufacturer had
abandanoe of cotton on hand and In lure pros
pect (Independently of America), to lait them
throngh the whole year 1862; that they had
ouly been eared from a ruinous glut and de
preciation In the market! for cotton goods by
the Southern blockide, and that what they hare
chiefly apprehended lor months, waa the too
early opening of the Southern ports, the
British cotton spinners themselves wanted no
American- cotton, until they had worked ofl
their old stocks, and they will lean with r
grot that the Southern blockade Is likely to be
soon raised. TM pretended British demand
for America" cotton, was an affair of the poll
tlclan altogether, not of the manufacturers.
It Is with fear and trembling, not with ploas
ore, that the European manufacturer! will learn
that theAmerlcan cotton crop of 1861 is likely to
be thrown upon the mirket. It must (all to a
rery low price, and carry down the prices of
cetton goods In a corresponding proportion.
The shutting up of this supply caused unpre
cedented gains in all the ramifications of the
cotton trade. The opening ot It must cause
A decline of ten cents per pound In raw
cotton, depreciate the value of the stock now
in Liverpool, twenty-Are millions of dollars.
Another powerful Interest, that connected
with the East Indies, isadrerse to the opening
of the Southern port. Upon this point, a let
ter from New York, (Feb. 25),'says :
"The bankers' and merchants' letters by the
Nias&ra thow that a new and most powerful
influence against breaking the blockade, or
' otherwise interfering in the American war, Is
beginning to make itself felt In England. The
juuucuce m ezerciwa oy me inaia merchants,
euippcio, vupiutiuiia uu producers, wno say
that the blockade of the Southern ports is
equivalent to a tariff of protection on India
cotton, auu a direct premium on India trade
and transportation. Let it continue, they aay,
ivi u,B jrcaiB luuger, wu .agloua Will 06 Cn
tlrely emancipated from dependence upon the
This interest is so powerful and wealth?, u
even to propose to take care of the Manchester
operatives who may be thrown out of employ
ment by the temporary suspension of the mills.
They also ear that the markets nf th .n.M
are glutted with the manufactured goods, and
that a short supply of the raw material fnrth.
next twelve months would bo the greatest
possible blesilnt: to Eocland. The nnr.hn.
slons that the Manchester Interests and their
dependencies would be among the most urgent
advocates of Intervention would thus seem to
00 no long er in court.' "
THE REBEL COKWUIONEBS APPEAL TO
ENGLAND TO BREAK TUB BLOCTADlt
On the 30th November last, Yancey, Eost.
and Mann, transmitted a letter to Lord Russell
on the subject of the blockade. They hare the
unblushing assurance to say that "from the
various ports of the Confederate States since
the proclamation of a blockade of those ports,
up to the 20th of August last, by which It will
be seen that up to that time more than four
Hundred vessels bad arrived and departed un
molested." In view of this faol, they "confidently ub.
mit that this Is conclusive evidence that this
blockade has not been effective, and Is there
fore not binding," and consequently, that " they
have a right to expect that the nations assent
ing to the declaration of the conferences
at Paris, will not consider It to be binding,"
and " that tho lacta connected with this nomi
nal blockade, and the great interests ol the
neutral commerce of the world, imperatively
demand that Her Majcaly'sGoyernmcnt should
take decisive action in declaring the blockade
To this letter Lord Russell thus coldly re
plies, which puts anend to all hopes of English
Foreion Orrn-c, Dec. 7.
Lord Russell presents his compliments to
Mr. 1 ancsy, Mr. Host, and Mr. Mann. lie has
uo ioa nouor to receive tbetr letters and inclo
sures of the 27th and 30th of November; but iu
the present state of afLdrs be must decline to
cure, ,uV, uy oniciai communication with
The Tbeasiht Note Law.-W8 publish this
in iuu to-aay. it is materially Improved from
its first shape. The requirement that custom
house duties shall bo paid in coin, is nothing
new, but only continues what hag been the na
tloual policy for sixteen years. It will afford
tne means or meeting the Interest on tho na
tional debt In coin, and will make a use for
specie which will tend to keep it In the
The new Treasury notes are onlv to l r.
ceh &Ue for Internal taxes, but the demand for
men. ,or mat purpose will, it Is hoped, be suf
flcient, In connection with their convertibility
..., ,,. mem rrom d
C0BECTO.N.-In noticing the reconnoiss.nc.
from Smith's dlvialon, made on BaturQ ,Mt
we were informed that the Cameron lagoons'
und .Second Maine Inlautry, under Colonel Ed
Mason, constituted the main body or this re
connoiterlng foroe. It should have read, and
the &unfA Maine Infantry, under Colonel E.
Tubs TBrvniiiiinin H.. . .
uB iiuuuriiiu ouikuu. come or con-
temporaries complain of (be stringent embargo
placed upon the telegraph by the Secretary of
War. It will doubtless impair the piquancy of
ine sensation press for a raw days, but that Is a
calamity which may be borne. The public feel
a great confidence that Mr. Stanton has done
nothing In the matter not justified by the public
1ATTKK VOM MB. rim
Hocsx or Baissi'UTrv, t
' . Msruani M. 18M.
&Dia Rial ! On ray return, to Wsahtnffan,
rafter an absence of two weeks, 1 And a oofjfol
a letter frost you, dated the t Instant, won
waa oubllahed In the Washington Marts in
early part of the present month. A pre of
business has prevented an earlier reply.
I regret to And In your utter the Intimation
that there la anything like a misunderstanding
between na Nothing waa further from my
thought. We may differ a to the relative
weight of telmony,"whns 'conceding to each
other the bom i perfect good faith in the joint
effort to eradicate treason rrom ue pumio ser
vice. This has been the feeling of the com
mlttee In the premises, and I had not Imagined
that a different construction could nave been
placed upon the course pursued. The com
mlttee, in reporting the testimony taken before
it, has endeavored to act In strict conformity
with it functions. If It haa In any respect
exceeded tti authority, it haa been in receiving
elaborate explanations, or rebutting testimony
from the bead of Departments, In order that
no Injustice may be done to parties accused! or
to thou who are responsible for thesr reten
tion in office or employment.
In many case this counter testimony has
been deemed so satisfactory as to caul the
committee to erase toe name or the panic
charged from Its journal of proceeding, and to
exclude them from the report. Yon have only
to compare the original of your First Assist
ant's letter, of December 10, with the copy
which you will find embodied in the report, in
order to see in how many cases the names of
persons hare been erased, with the comment
upon them, to avoid an Injustice. These era
sures, nine in number, have been made in con
sequence ol the satisfactory rebutting testimony
furnished by you or your Assistant to the com
mlttee.and In four cases only has It been deemed
proper to draw the attention of the House to
charges ol disloyalty against persons in your
department. These are
J. N. Gordon, Samuel B. Beach, J. U. Mat-
ungiy, ana v. u.T. L,eacn.
The specific charge made ou uath against Mr.
Gordon is, that he cherishes a sentiment utterly
Inconsistent with the -Idea of loyalty to the
United States Constitution, viz : that he claims
' that slavery is a God-given Institution, and
that It ought to be extended and recognized,
not only In the Territories, but in all the Slates
In the Union." The witness further lays that,
from the general tenor of his conversation, ho
is satisfied that Mr. Gordon is a secessionist.
Another witness, whose evidence was less ape
clflc, and has for that rtason been omitted from
tho report, testifies to the earns effect.
To rebut this testimony of sworn witnesses,
the committee have been furnished with a letter
from Mr. John Wilson,for some years a resident
of Illinois, written Iu March, 18G1, long besjre
the committee wa organized, and asking the
retention of Mr. Gordon In office, on the grotod
of his general good character and qualifications
as an officer.
The testimony taken before the commutes, in
regard to Mr. Beach, proves that hi wife,
daughter, and sou are In warm sympathy
wltrftho rebels at the present time. The re
butting- testimony furnished by you is a letter
from the Representative from the Congressional
dlstriot in which Mr. Beach formerly resided,
asking his retention In office, on general grounds
of good character. It bears date April 2d,
1861. Also, a paper to the same purport.
signed by Mr. Franchot and others, cltlzeua of
You are mistaken In supposing that the name
of W. L. Davis has been reported to the Bouse
by the committee.
Against Mr. Mattlngly, there are two wit
nesses, the first of whom Is O. G. Abell, a clerk
In the Land Office, appointed by the present
Administration. He swears that "when the
oath was first tendered to him, Hattlnslv.1 he
hesitated a long time about taking it, and only
took It at the earnest solicitation of his friends;"
that he heard Mattlngly "speak In the riiost
contemptuous terms or the Federal troops, fall
ing them chicken-thieves," .to ,eayiog that )' all
the stealing done, in Baltimore was dont by
eaersl troops." lie also beard him, io drink
ing, use such expressions as, " to the health of
Jeff. Davis ! " " to the success or Beauregard ! "
and " to the succeis of the Confederacy I "
Another witness, Mr. John A. Miller, swears
that Mr. Mattlngly 's associations have been, and
are yet, with those who are known to sympa
thize with the rebels. Witness is satisfied lie is
To rebut this testimony, solemnly sworu to,
you produce ou bohair or Mr. Mattlogly, iwo
loiters from bis father, George Mattlngly, ono
from the Reverend F. M. McGratb, chaplain to
tne army Hospitals, who haa been chanred
.before the committee, ou the oath of a respf.-ct-
aoie citizen, wun using disloyal ; letters Horn
Messrs. John 8. and R. U. Gallaher, Roijort
Beale, S. W. Marsh, Nicholas Callan, John A.
Peak and J. Van Roswlck. These letters,
written by Irlends and family connections,
express great confldcuce'in Mr. Mattlngly, iis a
loyal citizen, but nono of them controvert the
direct testimony ol the first witness, and none
of them ure sworn to.
The rebutting testimony in behalf of Mr.
Leach has not yet been received, but will re
ceive due weight at the hands ol tho com
These being the facts, the committee have
seen no reason to chaoge it decision aa to the
propriety of reporting the cases about which
they have the misfortune to differ with you.
John F. Pottxh.
Hon. MOKTOOMKRV liUIK,
Miu. Senator Harlan und a select party of
uer menus, thrtugb. the kindness or Captain
Dablgreen, were afforded aUellghtlul excursion
to Mount Vernon yesterday.
We hear Irom members of the party that
It would have been difficult to have devised a
better pro jiumme, or to havo executed one
better thau they did that wblch the bootees
arranged. We venture to tuggest that aire
quent repetition of such pleasure trips by our
citizens would be beneficiil,iih58lcall.nMii
sltVJL r MlfrfftJ' 'VIslA M , f
4 ''""' & & J
M. WTTH 111 V
r of PriKim. OT
A Ltrtt Hoifctf
THE REBELS BURN THE TOWN?
AUU POttOR IHsWR STOOD.
if Y. ... -T
.The. following dispatch has bean received at
Hxidqcabtxhs, St. Loot, Feb, 27. r
Hajor usnsral juLiuuf i
Utnsral Curtis has taken possession of Fay
etteville, Arkansas, capturing a large number
of prisoner, 'stores, baggage, Ao.
The enemy birned a part of the town before
thsv left. The' have orosssd the mountain in
great oonfuslot. We are now In possession of
all their itronthold.
Forty-two otlcsr and men of the Fifth Mis
souri cavalry were poisoned at Mudtown, ,by
eating poisoned food whloh the rebels left be
hind them. The gallant Capt. Dolfort died, and
Lieut. Col. Von Dutch and Capt. Lehmon hare
suffered much, but are reoovering.
The Indignation of our soldiers Is very grest,
but they have been restrained from retallatlrg
upon the prisoner of war.
H. W. HlLLtCK,
OCCUPATION OF NASHVILLE
Stampede of Got. Harris and the
Martial Law in West Tennessee.
. Louis, Feb. 3s. A Fort Donelson dispatoh
to the Democrat of yesterday aay, a boat Just
from Clarksvtlte report the evacuation of
Nashville. The Union oltfzsns ef that place
sent a boat to Clarkavllle, which towed one of
our gunnoaia lor ineir protection.
The rebel, with Gov. Harris, retreated to
Murlreeaboro. Harris burnt all the State doe
uments before leaving.
Uen. Urant haa dselared martial law over
Wst Tsnneasee, with the understanding that
WhSn A aafflftlllfit nnmhkp nf nlllMtna nf thn
State return to their allegiance, and show h
desire to maintain law and order over the ter
ritory, ail military restrictions shall be with
drawn. Postal facilities are extended to Clarks
vllle.and the mall bags will follow the flag.
unicupo, reo. io. me louowing is a special
dispatoh to The Tribune.-
he mortar fleet is finished. Nothlnir bs
irauspireain reierenoe 10 i)iumuns.
Reports from rebat annroes represent that
stana will be mads HtColambus,Iluli.ii,and
Memphis. Forcss are conosntratlng at the
latter place, and the streets of Memphis are
barricaded with cotton bale.
The renorts or the naclflcatlon or Teonessse
are aemea. ine last aunreeaDoro-
I . L .. - t .
oontaln a aavage war speech frsra Uov.
FKOM FORTRKSB MONROE.
BlLTiMOKi. ?eb. 17 The Old Point boat
briai tnlr a re w Items that are not " contra
banoV' There Is nothing Important, however.
No Bag or truce waa received when aha left.
The French frliate Pomona haa Bailed for
The reported loss of the Express Is unfounded.
The Bpauldlng has arrived from Hatteras.
A large fire on the main land was seen rrom
Hattera on Monday morning. It continued all
day, and was still burning when the Bpauldlng
left last evening. ' .
The blockading steamer Cambridge hits gone
to the assistance or the It. B. Forbes, which Is
now lying ashore at Nag's Head.
The wind is rrom the east, and there was a
prospect or another storm when the boat left.
Tne War cm (tie Kansas Border Mort
mains of the tttbsl ta Texas.
Kansas Citt, Feb. 25. A skirmish ocourred
at Independence on the lath, between a detach
ment of Ohio cavalry and a band of rebels,
headed by Qaantrel and Parker. The rebels
were routed, with a loss or threa killed and
several wounded. Several ware taken prison
ers, and a quantity or arms wsre also captured.
The Federal loss was one killed and three
The Santa Fa mall, with dates to the 10th
Inst., has arrived. The rebel Sibley's procla
mation did not have the desired eflsot. Instead
or rallying men to bis standard.lt has strength
ened the Uoion army by at leasttwo regiments,
and placed nearly all the citizen under arms.
The adrirss rrom Fort Crals aro to the Tth
Inst. The Tezans under Blblsv were at Fort
Thorno, 100 miles from Fort Craig, advancing
on tho latter place. Thelrsonplies were scarce
ana transportation poor, xneir only alterna
tive waa to right or starve to death.
-' TtKNEHKK. Some of the reports Irom Nash
ville state that Governor Harris, before leav
ing, burnt the " State Library." Other report
are that it was Io the "State Archive" that ho
applied the lorcb. No motive la seen for any
destruction of Uial character, unless It be of
papers which contained the evidence of some
of bis cfflclal rascalities.
This Governor Harris is now said to be mak
ing "savage war speeches," which Is much
more probable than the first report that he was
prcpariogtoEunender. A"eavago war speech,"
at a safe distance from the baltle-fltid, is pro
cisely in the vein of such swaggering heroes.
The Verdi t in Kehbiqin's Case. The judg
ment of the court-martial in the case of Colonel
James E. Kerrigan has been approved by Maj
Gen. McClallan,and a general order Issued car
rying It into cfltct. The court did not find
Kerrigan guilty of treason, but of Inefficiency,
and of conduct unbecoming an officer In the
gross neglect of his military duly, as manifested
in the disorganized and disgraceful condition
of his regiment. Kerrigan was adjudged to be
dismissed Ihe service, and General McClellan
approve tho sentence, and orders him to be
THK PSE9IDENT REfUSED TO SEE THE ELE
PHANT. The King of Slam, In u recent corres
pondence with the President of the United
State, offer to present him with a few brood
elephants, which the President very respectful
ly declines, having u very large elephant on
hand just now, which occupies all his attention,
and which the assembled witdom of the nation
don't know what to de with.
Mr. Slwaru Declined the Next PitEsioENcr.
The Irlends of Mr. Seward will regidt to learn
that he has written a letter to a Sewanl club
in Philadelphia, lormally declining to become
a candldato for tbe next Presidency.
Kills uis Captadi. Captain Baldwin, of the
regular service, while attempting to arrest a
deserter in Brooklyn, on Fridsy, was so badly
injured that be died the same evening. Michael
Duffy, the deserter, was captured, and Is now
fllBTI-BETlMTI CtHi RE8S,
" a. A j.
. T . d t : i.
Foedls FlWJWr, iMWBTa 6wtr te
nts associates, under to name ot th
Cotton Bannlv Oomnanv." or lh II
trjel of Columbia, with liberty to purihuft n
lea laadf.li) any part of thejnlted 8I4IM to
o assoenvor tne capital stock of the ermp.i
K,(Q,00Q,) and powr to .-contract with fro.
rt forny period not exceediag one year,
with inch other powers or privileges as Cm
gTBWxeyrWbribeTr''"" "" L '
. ,. Kiw.oonrutSiTioN IOL. Tt '
UYA DATB 'dMrodneVM- substltate to
Mr. Ttumbon's fconflsoauon blll.bne Drovldlnr
or iuo coonsDauon w properly 01 every citizen
levying war against ue united otaie or d
herlng to It enemies, IncludMtt "real. ber
sonal, or mixed, corporeal or Incorporeal, and
every rtf It wnasever, legal or equitable, in
nm0BBiuu. istvihvu, wr ivuwiuuor, ur la 0-
tlon,'4 durlnftth natural life or the owner, for
the benefit" of loyal citizen of 'the United
State who may bare suffered losses by the re
belllo. . Such property Is vested In those who
Utaaal ft tiMlifnw1 I halt tka ln1 euea-A....
Uvea of dewased perMefafiUlied to the benefit
01 mis act snail De adjudged 10 nave sustained
damages to tbe amount of five thousand dollar.
Suit may be brought against any person having
possession of property subject to confiscation,
and when the funds arising from a mit are not
lumcient to satisfy several claims for which
1m Mmtmm l.A !.. 1MA l.ll.lt k .-J.J
piHNll. WiT. WH IMIN, It IUMI W UIT1UOU
pro rota. All right under this act are made
asaignaDis, ana bu suii moat oe commenced
within fire year after Ihe inbjuntlon of the
rebellion. The act la to take effect thirty dy
alter its passage, a
MEDICAL DirAKTMENT Or TU ABMr.
Mr. WILSON.' of Massuhuselts. reported a
hill to Increase the efficiency of the medical
department of Urn army, wllh amendments. , II
provides for the appointment cl a surgeon
general, a board of medical Inineclors. ten
surgeon, ten assistant sdrgeoni, and twenty
Mr. FOSTER wished Mr. Wilson to accept an
amendment making eligible surgeons from Ihe
Messrs RICE, BROWNING, and NE5UITB
oppord the emendmeiL
Several committee amendments were adopted.
Mr. GRIMES moved to amond, embodying the
suggestion of Mr. Foster, and spoke In behalf
of his amendment.
Mr. FE3SENDEN followed In the same style
Laid over. '
TUE OREGON CASE.
- UY. HOWARD, having Ihe floor' Upou tbe
specai order, reviowea tne evidence 01 ine
affidavits, and argued the right of the Senate
to exoiuue an intruder, a spy. or a irattor. lie
could not v.ite for a traitor.
Mr. BROWNING favored admhrlon Ural, and
exsmmation afterward, and an exclusion only
ur m twu-iuiiui tdus.
Mr. HARRIS said Mr. Starke wlilied to far,
sworn in, ana men nave me case brought be
lore in juuicuiry uommuiee.
Mr. DAVIS withdrew hii amendment.
Mr. Sumner' amendment was lost teas Id.
Mr. UUUL.11 IL.K moved 10 amend he reso
lution : to add, "without prejudiue to any
subsequent proceeding in th tse." Carried
yeas z, nays io.
The resolution was agreed Io yeas 20, nay
iv, as ioiiowb;
YEAR Messrs. Anthonr. Rrnwntnir fi-liu
ifuiiaTnor, uuwm, uavis, ressenaen. roster.
.., --, -"ii
Hsrris, Henderson, Howe, Johnson, Kennedy,
Latham. MoDoumll. esmllh. Paarcs. PnIi
Rice, Saulsbury, Sherman, Simmons, Ten Eyok,
iuuuwun, iiuv;,nuu nutuu ill HWlUUri.
NAYS Messrs. Chandler, Clark, Dixon, Doo
little, Foot, Grimes, finis, Harlan, Howard,
King, Lane of Indiana, Morrill, Pomsrcy.Bum.
ner, Trumbull, Wade, Wilkinson, Wllmot, and
THE MEDICAL 1111.1-
Tbe bill laid over io the mornlnir hour wa
now taaen up, uucusrea Dy itessra. rfisSKN
DEN. FOSTER, WILSON. RICE, and NES
MITII. the amendment of Mr. Grimes agreed
to, and passea.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Several bills of mo special Importance were
pretcntea ana reierrca.
rxooErDTxas or toe twentt-second,
Mr. WRIGHT, of Pennsvlvsnls. offered a
resolution that the proclamation of Andrew
Jackson, on the question or nullification, be
printed wun tne proceedings 01 uis House on
the anniversary ol the birth-day of Washing
ton. Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania, moved to
amena, Dy ordering me utoiarauon or inde
pendence to be printed also wilb tho same pro
ceedings. Agreed to.
tne resolution, as amended, was adopted.
CONTESTED ELECTION CASK.
The contested election cam ol tho seventh
district of Virginia being In order,
air. UbUAHU. or Marsacnusetls. made a
speech, at some length, In favor of Mr. Upton,
ine present occupant 01 toe seat irom that on
De comldorrd Ibis a uueetlon of Ihe highest
importat.ee. onau a toyai constituency oe de
prived of representation on this floor by Ihe
action of rebels! He reviewed the case at
some length, in order to show that the present
incumbent was so anxious that his district
should be represented In Ibis Congress, that be
appealed to several loyal men of distinction to
conseut to run as n candidate: and finding that
no one else dared, in tne distracted condition
of the public mind, io consent to be voted for,
he, (Mr. Upton,) at Ihe risk of his own life, al
lowed himself to be a candidate lor Congress.
And those who voted for him, did so at the
risk of 'belr live. He quoted from authorities
to show that theso men periled their lives
that tboy might havo u voice here. He con
tended that the forms of law had been goce
through with In his case as far as possible. He
concluded by causing to be read the manifesto
of Mr. Upton just previous to his election.
Mr. HARRISON of, Ohio, favored, and
Mr. LOOMI?, or Connecticut, opposed the
claim of the prosent occupant of tbe seat.
Mr. DAWES, of Massachusetts, then presented
b!s closing argument against the present In
cumbent. He reviewed the argument or those
who bad spoken in favor of the occupant. He
would admit that (be number of men claimed,
did voto for, Mr. Upton on thn day and In tbe
manner claimed, but It was not done occordlog
to tbe forms of law. fly giving a seat to the
first man who comes from one of these dlstrlots,
under the sway of the rebels, who is not legally
elected, wo deprive Ibe loyal oltizens of the
district from Bending the man of Ihelr choice,
when such district shall havo been plcured of
rebels by our army. He urged members to
fiauso before they give scats to men on such
Iinltcd grounds of claim.
Tho question was then lagi'n on the amend
merit proposed by Mr. Diddle, which amond
ment declares that Charles II. Upton Id enti
tled to his seat In thlsHoiiMi Irom the seventh
Congressional district in Virginia, und It was
lost yeas ou, nays a.
Tbe original resolutlou, whloh rejects the
occupant, was adopted.
lm HI WUJ ... UoaaaAtltlaulls f.nM llm
Committee on Elcctlcns, then presonted a
report In the case' of Clyaier vs. Vcrree, of
Pennsylvania, with a resolution In favor or the
present Incumbent, Mr. Verrec.
Tbe House then adjourned.
TIE IPIIIT OF TAB R1BEL COJIBIEH,
v HovAlfredEly.en hi -.return from' Rich-
moaUraavk4tBtt" we've flaliiaWlth a
fom teftlbly Iraarnest." if any diub'l exist
,n,!0,0WPeoP1j Io iW lb of
.-., Bm l m an prim iuj 01 10
rebel Congress will dispel ell donbts. "' k
Mr. Bocock, who wa elected Speaker of the
lionte or Kepretenlatlrc, made a soeech on
Assuming the chair, which coatalaOrpressloDs
illustrative 01 ine sentiment or the people. To
be sure, he Incidentally lei out the fact that
ell of lie leader do not agree aa to-Us modns
operandi ol carrying on the rebellion that some
of their " pure-minded statesmen " have peraon-
al.ambitlons, or aa he expresses, "resentments,
Jealousies, and heart-burnings," yet tbe follow
ing extract Will convey, we doubfn'ol.ithe
true spirit of determination which actuate our
Influenoed bv a srrealbommon niinua. ahar.
Ing together the same rich hope, and united by
common destiny, let u hash, every murmur
of dlMOntent and banl every feeling of per
sonal grief. ' Here let u know no man tare a
a co-laborer In the same great cause, sustaining
those whom circumstance may designate to go
forward; seeking nothing for the sake merely
IMMMI.I Mllfll..lU t. . ., - .. . .
. """" a'"""ui wu wiuiug rawer to
yield everything for tbe publlo good" In hon
or nref errlnc on another."
Oar new system Is designed to avoid- the
errors or tne old. uertalnlr, it- la fotrlded
In a different system of political philosophy,
and Is sustained by a peculiar and mora con.
servatlve state of society.- It has elements 6T
trengu ana long lire, ctn It legitimately
uiuiu wo uienua iu carry tne war to a success
ful conclusion ! If not, it must perish: bnt a
Mcceasful result must be achieved.
Beelag, therefore, gentlemen of the House of
Representatives, that we are custodians of the
nation's life, and the guardian of the Constitu
tion' integrity, what manner of men should we
be? How cool, how considerate, how'iearnett,
how Inflexible, how true. Having no prospect
In the future, save through the success of qur
cause, how regardless should we be of all self-
isn views ana duos 01 personal advincanumi.
Selected by the people -to take care of the
Btete in this Urn of dlOeulty and of trial, how
we ougm w ueaicais ourselves in nesrt, mtad,
soul, and energy to the publlo service. Neither
history haa recorded, nor song depleted, nor
laoitj euauunea lorin signer instances or self
devotion than OUa-ht to bo shown In th km.
duct of this Congress. It Is not allowed u to
pursue a course or obxure mediocrity.
We-insugurate a government, we conduct a
revolution. We must live, live forever In the
memory or man, either for praise or Tor blame.
If we prove equal to tho crisis In which we are
filaced, we shall win Imperishable honor. But
r, on the contrary, we show ourselves incom
petent to tbe dlicbanra of our dutv. we shall
sins oeueain tne contempt 01 mankind.
On the third day, (February 21,) Mr. Foole,
:, . . ... .. - . r . . t
of Tennessee, offered a resolution In relation to
the past and future conduct of the war, upon
which Mr. Boyce made a loug speech. Tbe
following extracts will show Iti spirit:
He proposed very briefly to express some
new upon toe question, wun particular re
sneot to the executive branch of the sovern-
meot. It was his opinion that the policy to
have been pursued at the outset was a very clear
one. He had thought that wa should proceed
with all possible energy. We should have
aimed at an offensive warfare. All the slave
State should b Included. In his opinion, the
war between tbe North and the South mlsht
last a long tine.and thut hostilities wonld exist
rorever. we cannot anord in givn op one Inch
of .our Southern soil. The Norlh now exceeds
us to the number of eighteen or twenty millions
of white people. We should have pursued,
from the very firs', mirn of an aggretslve poli
cy, which would lave given a position to the
Southern States; It would have encouraged our
friends and disoouraged our enemies, and such
a poliey bad been Indicated by our distinguish
ed President, from Mississippi, when on bis way
to be Inaugurated as President of the provi
sional government-that we should wage war
on the enemy's own ground.
Mr. L. P. Walker, Ihe former Secretary of
War, had raid, at an early day, that Ihe flag of
the South should float shortly over the CaDltol
t Washington. He, the speaker, had (bought
tae expression unwise at mat time. v c snouid
have talked peace and acted war ; used peace-
mi lermsi dui prepared tor active war. Au
dacity! audacity 1 audacity I -Is ibe key to
suocefs. Hake no show nf fear ; prosecute tbe
wsr with great vigor. Talk of rl.-k, have we
not risked a revolution ? and shall we see It
fall r We should bare pursued an aggressive
policy from tbe very first. The enemy at that
time were unprepared ; tney naa out seventy
five thousand men, and most of them were boll'
dsy soldiers, and came South as to s, sort of
r our in 01 Juiy ceisorauon. ine genius 01 our
policy snouia men nave oeen action. - -
ine ooumern people are nign-tonco, pniriotio,
great-souled people, but we cannot endure
privations and hardships like the North. Hence
wa should have pursued an early active and
aggressive policy. Lioox at ue country around
us devastated. We have bnrned no cities, we
have laid waste no towns. The North had sent
the scum of society Io be pitted against tbe
noble sons and the verv flower of the South.
We do them a favor to kill off such as those.
But once carry the war into the North, strike at
their borders, strike through their land, and
tnev win soon oeira to lesi mat tbe mma mat
play Is not such a pleasant one as It now ap.
Borne of the men at the bead of affairs now,
bad no military genius, bnt It was ssld they
must not touch that subjeet. Bball they not
investigate tney, toe representatives or tbe
Detroit! Let us pursue sorbe oolicv: If a man
Is Incompetent set him aside, no matter who
he is : the country Is Io be saved. This is no
time lor gentle words and kindly feslinin to be
used towards any onewnom mere was a neces
slty for setting aside. He did not desire to
offend any one bnt bo spoke for hTs country's
cause. We have to learn from tbe enemy.
When the battle of Manassas was lost. Scott
waa set aside. MoDowell was never more heard
of. They have evinced an extraordinary
enertrv: when one man tailed thev took an.
other ; they searched until they found one of
military power, aoo now we Degin to leel tbe
result of their policy. What are we doing?
Shall it be said in after days of u, the enlight
ened Bourn, and De told Dy ue genius of his
tory, these men of the South dared to inaugu
rate a great revolutlon.'but bad not tho courage
to carry It out! Shall this be said? Nevprt
See what France did. She not only removed
a man rrom the army, bat cut bis bo&d off. She
carried a guillotine In one hand for domestic
traitors and a sword in tbe other for ber ene
mies. He did not want to goo people behead
ed, but he would adopt some measure just as
decisive This was no revolution to boon
ducted with kid gloves; It wss a desperate
contest. We should act with the spirit of tbe
Prince of Orange. Wbeu army alter army
waa cut to pieces, be save orders that tbe dykes
should be cut and tho sea let In, lo lash Its
waves over tho land, rather than the Spanish
flag Bboold wave over It In triumph. This Is
tbe spirit in which we should act. If the Sec
rctary of War Is Incompetent, he must be re
moved. Tho safely of our wives and daugh
ters demand, our country demand, that these
Vandals of the North be beaten back ; our
country must live, no matter how many repu
, We make further extracts from tbe debate on
proposition, which raveal Ihe same spirit
itw!.!tp?' ?.' 5' oBt,ti KMolutlon mod
Hying thai of Mr. Fool. In the point of aben-
S2."?fc!?,5fofUl ."d forT" tho defensive
polloy, bat declared that we should proscculo
with energy both an offensive and defensive
polloy, and show ibe general confidence which
greit and chivalrous people reposed, and do
now renos, In the civil and military author!
'' . . . . ""orough measures should be
adopted for the proreculion of Ihe war at the
earliest powlble moment Its wished to know
If tbe gentleman rrom Tennessee would accept
this proposition as a substitute ?
Mr. Foole aald lhat if It wa meant as an en.
donement of the two officers of the Cabinet
whom be referred Io veatenlav. h iu ni
Mr.Trlppe aald It only endorsed tho people.
ins people bad reposed a generous confidenco
Io the Executive, but tho Executive had not
reposed tho same confidence In the people. The
people would do anything for Ihe country. 11
there wss a call for arms, there would be n
forge set np at every cross road not only at
very cross road, but at every angle. There
wss powder needed that would be furnished,
and the people would even undermine their
bouse to gel saltpetre, If It were to be found
there. They would cheerfully Dive nlno-tentha
of their property to save tbe other one-tenth
a mi is a nooie people, a
people. But be waa I
areal neonl. a hravn
was In fsvor of Gongrers
taking some action on the subleot It wuilma
that some great voice should ring out and wake
up the great people who had been sleeping for
the past four months; wake op all, In high,
medium, and low places.
Mr. Foole said that the resolution certainly
endorsed th Administration. He never would
endorse the Secretary of War and Navy, ne
Intended to make, one day, developments that
would astonish at least somebody; be bad facts,
startling facts, which be Intended to bring to
bear on Ihe sublacL H hmA un,.j i..
.. . . . " --T
yesterday, and he would not take back a tingle
word of what he had said.
The Liberation of Slaves Pro-
nounoed an "Enormity."
AN OFFICIAL PROCLAMATION
IN NORTH CAROLINA.
The following proclamation, just issued In
North Carolina, 'speaks lor Itself:
Roanoke Island, N. C,
ttbruary 18, 1862.
Tbs mission of our Jolut expedition Is not lo
Invade any of your rights, but to assert tho
authority ol the United States, and to close wllh
you the desolating war brought upon your
State by comparatively a few bad men iu your
Influenced infinitely more 'by Ihe worst pas
slons of human nature than by any show ol
elevated reason, they are still urging you
astray to gratify Ihelr unholy purposes.
They Impose upon your credulity by telling
you of wicked and even diabolical Intentions
on our part of our desire to destroy your
freedom, demolish your property, liberate your
slave, Injure your women, and such like enor
mities all of wbloh, we assure you, Is not only
ridiculous, but utterly and wilfully, false.
We are Christians os'well are yourselves, and
we profess to know full well and to reel pro
foundly the sacred obligations of that character.
No apprehension need bo entertained that tbe
demands of humanity or justice will be disre
garded. We shall inflict no Injury, unless forced to do
so by your own act, aud upon this you may
Those men are your wont enemies. They,
In truth, haw drawn you Into your present
condition, and are the real disturbers of your
peace and the hspplnen of your firesides.
We Invite you, In (ho name of tbe Constitu
tion, and In that of virtuous loyally and civil
ization, to separate, yourselves at once from
their malign influence, to return to your allegi
ance, and not compel us to resort futther to
the force under our control.
The Government asks only lhat Its authority
may be recognized, and, we repeat, in no man
ner or way does It desire to interfere wilb jour
law constitutionally established, your Institu
tion of any kind whatever, your property of
any sort, yoar usages In any respect.
L. M. GoLDNBOROCUn,
Flag Officer Commanding
Norlh Atlantic Blockading Squadron.
A. E. Bvrnbidk,
Brigadier General Commanding
Department ot North Carolina.
Gun Rockets. The Boston TVaveUer under
stands that orders have been received at the
Watertowo Arsenal from Washington, to send
forlh at once various munitions of war, In
cluding a quantity of new and terrible pro
jectiles called gun rocket.
Executive Order No. 1st UaJatloa to
Washington City, Feb. 27, 1802.
11 is Vrdtrtd: 1st. That a special commis
sion of two persons, one of military rank and
Ihe other In clrll life, be appointed to examine
lbs case of 'the State prisoners remaining In
the military custody of the .United States, and
to determine whether, in view of lbs public
safety and the existing rebellion, they should
be discharged or remain In military custody,
or be remitted to Ibe civil tribunals for trial.
2d. That Major General John A. Dlx, conj
minding In Baltimore, and Ihe Hon. Edwards
Plerr-pont, of New York, be and they aro
hereby appointed commissioners for tho pui-
loses above mentioned, and they are authorized
0 examine, hear, and determine the cares
aforcstld,sz pari and In a summary manner,
at such times and places as In their discretion
they may appoint, and make full report to the
By order of the President.
Eowin M. Stanton,
Secretary of War.
January 21, 18C2.
Ordartd, That the War Department will be
closed Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Thursdays, and
Fridays against all other business but tbat which
relates to active military operations In tbe field.
Saturdays will be devoted lo the business of
Benators and Representatives.
Mondays to the business ol ths public.
Edwin M. Stanton,
ja22 -tr Seoretary of War.
Department or State,
Watninafon, Jan, 25, 1862.
Tbe Secretary of State will hereafter receive
member of Congress on business on Saturdavs.
commencing with Saturday, the first ot next
WILLIAM H. SEWARD.
February 4, 18C2.
Notiui Is hereby clvon of the readiness of
thia Department to redeem the Treasury notes
payable In one year from date, authorized by
ihn aof of Congress approved December 23d,
18S7. and the Treasury notes Davable In sixty
days rrom date, authorized by the aot or Con
gress approved 2d March, 1661.
Interest on Trsaaury notes or tbe above is
sues will cease on Ibe Vtb day or April next by
tbe terms or those acts respectively.