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TUCSON, PIMA CO., A. IV SATURDAY, SCSMBJS'Il, IO, 1870.
THE ARIZONA CITIZEN,
I'tJBLISHKI) EVEKT SATUKDA.T.
SUBSCRIPTION KATES :
c Copy, one year, $5 00
One Copy, six months 3 00
$a;Ie numbers 25
ADVERTISING LEGAL RTE3.
ne square, ten lines, one time $3 00
Each subsequent insertion 1 50
Professional cards, per month 3 00
Business advertisements at reduced
rais All bills due monthly.
Office in Congress Hall Block.
V Authorized Agents for the Citizen.
Mudaon & Menet New York.
!. P. Fisher San Francisco.
T. B. Bancroft New San Diego.
Z. W. Barnard Prescott
R. H. Kelley Arizona City.
Reliable Correspondence solicited
iroiu all parts of the Territory." Anony
iou3 communications will be unnoticed.
Letters on business and for publication
thould be addressed to the proprietor to
Huure prompt attention.
aP kinds solicited and executed with
J Neatness, Promptness, and atReason
ble prices at the CITIZEN OFFICE.
J. E. McCAFFRY,
Attorney and Counselor - at - Law,
(Offiee in Court House Building)
1-tf TUCSON, A. T.
EDWARD PHELPS, M. D.,
TUCSON, A. T.
OFFICE on the Plaza, opposite the
Catholic Church. 1-tf
. X5oI&s Bashford,
Attorney and Counselor - At - Law,
TUCSON, A. T.
WILL Practice in all the Courts of the
E. F. DUNNE,
Attorney and Counselor -At -Law,
laOl F Street, Washington, D. C.
WILL promptly attend to the collec
tion of all elaims placed in his hands
against the Government of the United
Will also pay special attention to pro
curing patents for Mining claims, School
Respectfully refers to Governor A. P. K.
Saflord, and Hon. R. C. McCormick. 1-tf
Congress St., Tucson.
AIR CUTTING and Shampooing done
after the most approved styles.
1-tf SAM'L BOSTICK.
SLEEPING ROOMS, and
the Largest and most comforta
ble Dining Room in the city.
JfclEALS AT ALL HOURS !
First Class Board at Moderate Rates
Accommodation for Horses and Teams.
Also teams ready to do jobbing in the
city and vicinity.
MAIN STEEET, TUCSON, A. T.
(Opposite Lord & Williams.)
MOST Palatable drinks of all kinds and
best of SEGARS always to be had at
Rooms large, finely ventilated, and all
things kept neat. The public will find
Toster'e a place of comfort and refresh
LETTER FROM WASHINGTON.
Tlie New and Old Members Contrasted
Cabinet Changes Jos. is. W'ikon City j
ImjirovemtnLiArt Matters Amusements j
etc., &c. j
Washington, D. C, Nov. 4, '70. j
DEAR Wasson: New:papering itj
again, I see. I believe it you could
gat it checked through you'd take a
press along with you when you "shuf
fle off," Ac. "Well, I am glad to see
you are at work in a good cause. We
all want to see McCormick back hern,
for no man ever better deserved the
endorsement of a re-election than he,
and I doubt not that long before this
reaches you he will have received it.
Of course there is not much news
here now that would interest your
readers. Congressmen are beginning
to make their appearance, and they
come with quite a different aspect from
at the opening session of a Congress.
Then, to most of them, the situation is
new ; they feel the importance of their
mission, and are on the lookout for
the sights. They have no business
pending, and reckon with some anxi
ety the approach of the day when they
are to stand up in the capitol and take
the solemn oath which lifts them at
once from the common herd and
makes them privileged characters,
whose persons are supposed to be sa
cred from the assaults of ordinary
mortals. Pat Woods proved it when
he pummeled Porter, of Virginia, and
was lodged and fed three months in
the old capitol prison gratis. Not the
'first time Pat has suffered from pun
ishing porter. But when a congress
man comes here on his second session,
he is a different man. You can see
he is on biz. No foolishness now.
The description some one has given of
a widow hits him plump " a person
that knows what's what, and is well
pleased." In some cases, it is said
the parallel might be extended, but
"that were to inquire too curiously."
The coming session is the closing one
of the 41st Congress and there will be
hot work. It lasts but three months,
and there's-much work to do all the
unfinished business of two sessions
and all the unconsummated schemes
of Lord knows how long a date.
Washington air seems the very food
of hope. Once the lungs of a schemer
are well filled with it, he never de
spairs. Next session he'll get his bill
through sure. "Hope springs eter
nal" and claims never die. There are
men here still pushing claims arising
out of the Revolutionary Avar, and I
suppose will be when the corroding
tooth of time shall have finally con
quered her, who in the greatest scan
dal that ever was uttered, was pro
nounced to be the only incorruptible
woman in Washington, the woman on
the dome of the capitol.
Secretary Cox, of Ohio, retires from
the charge of the Interior Department
and Qolumbus Delano of the same
State succeeds. It is said that great
changes will be made in the corps of
the Department, and that among oth
ers, the commissioner of the land of
fice, Joseph S. Wilson, will be invited
to send in his resignation. This news
the public will receive with great re
gret. There has been no more faith
ful or able officer in Washington.
Amid all the complaints and charges
of inefficiency, carelessness, or corrup
tion, no word of dissatisfaction has ev
er been breathed against him, but
rather his name has been used to point
the shaft for others, his example being
held up to them as a model of what a
government officer should be. His
I ability, diligence and courtesy have
received universal commendation. His
j duties extended over as wide a field as
I was ever known to any officer of any
government that ever existed. Hej
had in his charge the whole of the)
vast area constituting the public lands
of the United States, not only all mat
ters pertaining to agricultural lands,
but also -all of the money interests
embraced in the law of 1866. He has
passed upon questions involving thou
sands of millions of dollars in value
on a salary barely sufficient for the or
dinary support of a family, yet no
whisper of corruption has ever been
heard in connection with his name.
He retires poor in -purse but rich in
honor. The masterly reports which
of late years lie has submitted review
ing the land system of the United
States, showing its superiority to that
of any other nation, and pointing out
the powerful influence it has exerted
in the growth of our country, have ex
cited more interest abroad than any
documents published in Washington
for many years. They have been
sought for by the authorities of Can
ada, Mexico and Brazil, and most of
the South American republics, to the
end that the system which under his
development has worked such wonders
in the United States might be evolved
from them and applied in the disposi
tion of their own lands.
Arizona has reason to be particular
ly grateful to him. He kept fully up
with the development of all portions
of our country, and while officials
here generally looked blank when
Arizona was spoken of, knowing noth
ing of its growth or wealth, and were
disposed to ignore its request for sur
veys, Wilson responded promptly to
McCorinick's request and recommend
ed that the allowance for surveys in
Arizona be doubled. It will be long
before a new man can be found that
will satisfactorily fill his place.
Talking about cabinet changes tho',
was there ever an administration with
so many ':' We are only in the second
year yet, and in the State Department
we have had Washburn, then Fish,
and a new one coming soon ; Interior,
Cox and Delano ; War, Rawlins and
Belknap; Navy, Borie, Robeson; At
torney General, Hoar and Akerman ;
Treasury, Stewart (not confirmed) and
This is tho great thoroughfare here,
leads from the capitol building to the
President's house, a mile and a quar
ter, and extends on beyond the Presi
dent's, I don't know where. It is a
hundred and sixty feet wide, I believe,
and has been, without exception, the
worst paved street in America. It
was terribly cut up during the . war
with the heavy army wagons. After
a long fight it is ordered paved with
the new wooden pavements. The dif
ferent rings crowded one another so
hard no one of them could get it, so
they divided it between four different
patents, the Stow, the Miller, and two
others I don't know the names of. An
army of men without distinction of
race, color or previous condition, is
employed on it now, and by January
1st it will probably be one of the fi
nest thoroughfares m the world.
The streets of Washington are of
immense width, and the cost of keep
ing in repair is so great that a general
parking system has been agreed on,
whereby a strip of from twenty to
thirty feet fon each side is given up to
grass and trees, and a good roadway
left in the middle wide enough for the
largest conveyances to pass. It has a
beautiful effect, and will contribute
greatly to the health and permanent
ornamentation of the city. The capital-moving
agitation is dying out, and
in ten years or so Washington will be
one of the most beautiful cities in the
world. New buildings of all kinds,
from the rustic little cottage to the pa
latial mansion, are going up rapidly,
principally on the north-west side,
and new lines of street railroad are
projected. Northern blood is coming
in, and a more vigorous development
follows as a matter of course. One
singular fact exists here, unheard of I
believe before, and that is, that you
can build a house new, of any kind,
cheaper by twenty-five percent, than
you can buy one, thus casting some
doubt on that old and well-worn saw,
that "fools build fine houses, and wise
men livo in them." A wise man here
will build his own house, unless the
maxim is against thejpolicy of owning
a house in any event. If so, what
wise fellows lots of us are!
CORCORAN ART GALLERY.
The magnificent donation of a pri
vate citizen to his country will soon be
open. It is the gift of Col. Corcoran,
long a leading banker here. The
building was erected expressly for the
purpose, and is of pressed brick of
what is called the rennaissance style
of architecture, which is the same class
as the Grand Hotel in San Francisco,
and will cost, when completed, over
300,000. The art collection, (now
owned by Col. Corcoran,) to bo placed
in it, is valued at $500,000. Thirty
years ago, Col. Corcoran was a jour
neyman shoemaker in Georgetown,
near by hore. Now he is as elegant
a looking, dignified, polished, gentle
man as ever you saw. Ye knights of
St. Crispin take courage ! You may
be happy yet.
Two theatres and an Arizona opera
running here now. The talented
young dramatic star, Mr. Oliver D.
Byron, lias just closed a two weeks
engagement. Never heard of him'r'
Well, he's just rising, and isn't much
of a star yet, but he'll grow, you
know. A good deal of growth wouldn't
hurt him, but he is really a very
promising young man, and may aston
ish us yet. There is a phenomenon
here now Miss Lucille Western . She
is the McKean Buchanan of lady ac
tors. Her tragedy is the best fun I
ever saw. We are promised Nillson
when Congress meets. Lectures till
you can't rest. Wendell Phillips
opened the course with a wonderfully
interesting discourse on the Lost Arts.
He proved to my satisfaction that the
only important new things we have,
not known to the Ancients, are the tel
egraph and printing. In a fleet of
vessels painted in the interior of the
pyramids, there is a side-wheel steam
er as natural as life. A railroad bed
has been found in Egypt, a graded
road, granite bed, track cut in it, and
a Greek historian describing it says
they had machinery on it for propel
ling great weights. They had the
microscope, telescope, stereotype plates
like those now used in printing books,
&c. There are ancient gems, seal
rings, etc., now existing, found in
Pompeii, more than half of tho work
of which cannot be seen except with a
microscope. One, a figure of Hercu
les, three-fourths of an inch long,
with the naked eye only the general
outline of the figure can be seen; with
a glass the anatomy of the muscles
appear, and even separate hairs on the
eyebrow, more delicate work than we
can now do.
Balls and parties are beginning.
Tailors and milliners once more look
glad, and the carnival season is close
at hand. Kid gloves three dollars a
pair "the war, you know," with a
bland smile. That's about as far as
the war affects the majority of Wash
ingtonians. This city lives on a sta
ted salary, and so long as that holds
the rest of the world may wag as it
will. There is no7 trade, commerce or
industry here, no fluctuations. Noi
sily it pursues the even ienor of its
Still Wants to Whip Somebody.
The following is a paragraph from
one of Sylvester Mowry's letters to
The Alta, dated at Salt River. Mr.
Mowry came a thousand miles to
whip McCormick, and failing in that '
he is willing to travel another
thousaud to whip anything, no matter
now indefinite. We admire his grit,
but Sylvester's judgement is a chief
weakness with, him :
The progress of American civiliza
tion not only extinguishes effete mon-
arcnies. Dut also oniiterates the names
by which, in their barbarous trwum.
they have attempted to carry down to
posterity, rivers mountains, and even
springs. "How is that for high!"
The translation into plain English, is
mat tne Deautuui Hpanisn names of
Arizona are fast beinr hrnno-bf:
to our hard Americanisms for exam
ple : the Rio Salinas is Salt River;
the Rio Blanco is White River thi
RioAzulis Blue River; Las Sierras
Ulancas is White Mountains; and,
last and worst of all. a beaiitifnl
spring, called anciently, "Lob Ojos de
T rm. to c -r -i -
Aiiejs, jliiu xjyes oi inei,j is now
Dinsmore Springs. Shades of T
de Yega ! avenge the wrong. I would
ixavei a tnousana miles to whip the
man who committed this last outrage.
Capt. Hartley, of Camp Verde,
advertises at Santa Fe for 500.000 lbs.
corn, oats or barley for his post, where
upon he Post remarks as follows:
Capt. Hawley informs us that a,
new road has been made to Camp
Yerde, which is much better than the.'
one formerly traveled, and is sixty
The military authorities of Arizona
are convinced that supplies can b
purchased to better advantage in New
Mexico than elsewhere, and we shall
not be surprised next year if all the
supplies for that Territory are bought
in our Territory.
We would advise our neighbors not
to rely too much upon a demand for
their grain in this direction, for bear
in mind that the crops about Prescott
and Yerde will not fail every year as
they have this, and the new road'to
Salt river via McDowell will opon the
Avay to an abundant and convenient
supply. The Yerde river has an am
ple supply of water to irrigate a mil
lion or more acres, and a little time to
construct ditches there will insure
large crops every year, as productive
soil on that streum is plentiful.
In and about Tucson, good corn and
wheat sells sluggishly at 2i to 3 cent
The Albuquerque Review, speaking
of petitions for more mail service, has
Our fellow citizens have now an op
portunity of doing a little for them
selves, by signing those petitions at
present in circulation here ; they ask
for the establishment of a daily mail
from Santa Fe to El Paso, and a mail
from Albuquerque to Prescott, Arizona
Territory. We are equally interested
in both routes, the need of them is
deeply felt, and should the Postmaster
General hearken to our prayer, he will
confer on this Territory a valuable and
much needed accommodation.
The fourth number of the ARIZONA
Citizen has come to hand and is added
to our list of exchanges. It is right
welcome! That is more than we can
say of tho remainder of our Arizona
cotemporaries ; they have not deigned
to grant us a like courtesy. The ap
pearance of the Citizen is creditable
in both a typographical and editorial
sense and it seems to be well supported
locally. We wish, it success. Albu
A New York tailor was startled the
other day by the return of a bill which
he had sent to a magazine editor, with
a notice that the "manuscript was re
An English lady is credited with
writing the late novel bearing the ti
tle, "Naughty, naughty, but oh eo
Good Health remarks that what
people call "bile" is generally- lob
sters, clams, or some indigestible