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THE WEEKLY r
PI BUSHED EVERY 8ATUUDAY MORNING.
AT I'UUrVTT, YAVAPAI, COC.VTV, AMZOKA.
TERMS OF SUIlSCUIl'TION:
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Six Month 4 00
i, Three Months 2 50
-c!og!o Copies 25
HATES OF ADVBUTIS1NG:
On" "snare, one ttmo, fS.OO; cMh additions!
tint ft r' Each additional square, mi mo ralo.
A a' rr:il discount will bo made to parsons oon
I n r-A ttu' ame advertisement for three, fir, or
Pruu. jusl or business cards Inserted upon
r isj'i!'!-- terms.
jj,y- lqal TtwUr 4YpM tajttn at par in paymtnt
fur iu3 riptwH, (ulcitlltinf and Job aork.
Term., Inviirlitlily In nilvniie e.
joxn it Mnios iinsj. ii. weaver.
1'ublUhen awl rnfvtotm.
Directory of Yavapai County.
r .ttffi Jtlr Wd. F. Tithkrk.
1'nbat T-jcisr" IlBMKIAlt HOOOHS,
f' s r.. t Attorney JOHK M. KotvrBMt,
g. rr t A. J. Moon.
I . I!.. MiT Jott II. llfcHAX,
i r Ir-uum WK4JAH COBT,
l.ei TDiTtrt Owiit, It. W. WCU3, Jo.
TEltMfi OP OOCItTSi
D iW. t C'.mrt rint JtUj-U Maj", ttsd TUM
1 irt rint Mw4aj I January, Afftl. Jrijr
ROAKD Of SLTKUVISOItS:
i -n CoroMl John O. OamptxM. I". II. WHmtrrUsh.
" mwii on lki lint Moadajr In jA.-j-, ApHJ,
J . v nd October, ikt Piewwtt.
JI-iTlCUS OF TUB lBACr!(
r. BUlr. Oeorg W. ItareartL
Business & Professional Cards.
.J. P. H All Git AVE j
HORSEY AND COL'NSELQR.AT-LAW,
Montcruma tfe, Trwoett, Arizoot.
ATT'iUVEY AND COUNSELOR-AT-LAW.
A. E. DAVIS,
ATTORNEY AND GO (INS HLO It-AL A W,
Mohavo City, Arizona Territory.
F. P. HOWARD, IM. I).,
j?irvsictv axd suugieox.
Aztkn Lodge No. 177, F. & A. Id".
Regular ineetlags of this Lodge on
the Imi Saturday of each mualh, ax 7
o'clock r. m. SuJourrftiR Hrtri aw
fraterulljr Invited (a attend.
EDWIN DAltLlNO. V.iI
Jambs E. McCArrnr, Secretary.
Why Is it
That the Fresco It people wear teller clotaet.
soke better cigars, chew better tebaeeo, look
ban homer and are happier than fsrraeriy! Ak
Henderson k Co. mylfc.
I. 0. 0. P., Arizona Lodge, No, 1.
X'J'y. ItKOL'LAR MEETINGS
' " J i nfll.l. r .wl .M ,. lfl...1.
rv5f!V5' !,. at Ntainnlo Hall
Ins, at Maionlc Hall.
Mfinixri or iiio oroer.
Undine, arc lnvlled to Mtencl.
A. 0. NO YES, N. 0.
E Dapuxo, Itcc. Sec
Oil SALE A FEW
NO. 1. 00Ya
A. 0. DUNN,
1'rcwott, June 12, 1S0S.
Why 1 it
That the Prcscott Bar pell belter Llqnors
tkia formerly! Ak HENDERSON &. CO.
KUSTEL & nOFMANN,
METALLURGISTS AXD ASSAYEUS.
Gold and SlUtf Bullion Aiinycd.
MINERAL ASSAYS AND ANALYSIS MADE.
611 Commercial Street, San Frnneleo,
fiiLvnn axd Ooli Onus worked In email lot up
to a humirud pound., by CMorlncUcm
and other metliods.
San FrnncUco, Oil, Juna 27, ISM. JyUiniO
Goods well IJought, Sell Them
selves. -D. IIbxiikiuon-. the senior partner of
tha Ann, Is constantly employed In Son Franolsco
'c'.ectinK and buying goods by which moans wc
are enabled to take advantage of the fluctuations
in prices, and purchase our goods at lower rate
than any other House lu Central Arizona.
ray 30 D. IlEXDBnsos A Co.
Illuiik MIiiIiik Hiiltftal'" t-cl,
't'telnt ami ttrncrut IosvrrorAttoriiry,
le., for snlc at the Sillier Ollcu.
Why I, it
That Dry Goods are sold cheaper In IVosoott
'nan elsewhere this side of gar Francisco? Un-
Itthuor IIEfNI)ERSQN JcQO.
ay!6 . ' '
WIESCOTT, ARIZONA: SATURDAY MORNING,
Letter from Tucson.
COIir.KSr-ON-DKNCE or AUIZO.VA Mt.VEn.
Tuchox, Arizona, September 9, 1808.
Editor Miner : I promiwl, in my last
Icttor to you, to tell ym tlm ren1t of tbo
suit of Quo Warranto pending in the District
Court at this place, which, ir decided against
the roipondont, would, in cfToct, render void
all the law of tlm Territory, together with
all prdcedinjrs under them. At the time of
writing that letter it was understood that
Judge Hackus would deliver his decision on
tho follon-iiig Monday, but tlio importance of
the case, or rather of the consoquouces, if de
cided in one way, induced the Judge to take
more time, ami I believe it is the intention to
submit it to the full Hench of the Supreme
Court at its next session.
Tho .M i.n Kit comes to hand pretty regularly
and is much sought after by the people about
town, and when found, Mini laugh and somo
swear. Mot of them acknowledge however
that you are a truthful and outspoken indi
vidua!, although souieof thein tsiiggott thut
there is a trifle too much "gall ami wormwood"
in you. Some few acceptfoits were taken do
my letter as published, but no tights have re
sulted. The rain has been fulling for the last twenty-four
hour pretty steadily and orerything
is in a very tnotat condition. I was down
town this morning and listened to the reports,
and I did not hear of but one hwint that did
not leak last night. The now Court I!ou,
of whic$ the people of Tucson were justly
proud, is likely to fall down, the walls having
i split and the roof leaking badly. I am mktv
to hear of tfebj, as the building was a credit
to the plaee.
Them i a great deal of sickness here at
preMttt, awl almwt ever' day a prccssefon
can be seen making Hi way towarde the "City
of th Dead." Many parsons are tick with
the fever and among the children the whoop
ing eocgh is rcersletst and seems to bv ubuo
In the way of amusements there Is bat lit
tle going on, except among the Mexican pop
ulation. They have beon oelebrating the
lltiia of San Augustine fur about eight days,
and np;iareutly iavo had a good time of it. I
believe be is the pat ran Saint of the village
and of coerce it is right that the inhabitants
should do him tnaeh honor. Day and night
the plaza in front of the Church has Utn
filled with merry makers ivko (ttoyed them
oelves dancing, eating, drinking and gambling,
lint few Americans seemed to take any part
in the amiwments. Hut few dittfculti oc
curred, and but one r two arrests wore inad
during the wboJe time. Our old fnend Mut
ton, (formerly Lieut. 1 1 niton, 1st ArinMRi Vol
unteer) who is vratchman, DrtDctire force !
and Chuf of I'olice fur i he city, was around
ready to arrot any one who became too bois
terous in bis devotions to his Saint. Every
thing passed olT pretty smoothly, however,
aad was in every way creditable the peo
ple who (wrticipated in it.
General Devin arrived here yesterday, to
take command of the District, i suppose, in
place of General Crittenden, who is going to
San FraneUeu, and who will take with him a
largouumberol thewhliera stationol here, to
be dlscfaareei), their time bavins cxnired.
General Deviu soerne! to be in good spirits
and condition when he arrived here and it is
to be hoped that he Mill make some changes
lit the operations of the military so as to ren-
der them of some use in nrutectintr theoonn-
I try and chastising the hostile Apaches. The
Indians are wry bad all around this sootion
of ouutitry, and every day or two brings news
of some new depredation Ukmi life or prop
erty. I suppose you will have heard Iwfore
thin reaches you of tho doath, at tho hantU
of the Apaches, of anothcrokl pioneer of the
country, James Pennington. He was kiilwl
obout ten days ago, near San Xavjer. The
citizens are roused at last, by the repeated
murders and thefts of the red raKals, to take
some action for their own defence, indepen
dent of the "boys in blue," and a very seiwi
ble movement has been made, if properly eon
ducted, A subscription paer was circulated
among tho people upon which was jHit down
by the subscriber tho amount he would ey
wr month, to eupjHrt n company of volun
teers to not against tho Indians. I under
stand that enough wm subscribed to keep a
company of fifty men in tho field and the
whole matter was put under tho control of a
committee of five. Tho Governor, it is un
derstood, will commission the officer chosen
to command tho company.
Ills Excellency ays he will start for Pres
cott in a few days. P. G. Christie is here
enjoying hitmolf well, apparently. Business
is very dull ; nothing doing of any kind, ex
eunt selliiik' the imputation of the city their
daily bread and meat. It is rather amusing
to fctanil in one of the stores of this "coiumer-
nirl centro" and watcli tho trado at the coun
ter. Tbrco pounds of flour, lb coifco, 25
ccnU worth of lard, I lb sugar, 5 eta worth
of sugar, etc., etc. Ask tho merchant or tho
little town of Prcscott how they would like
to exchange their trado for that of tho Capi
tal. I am very confident I have seen a mer
Hmnt here, employed busily for one hour,
measuring nd weighing to hig customers, and
nt the end of that period he had not sold ten
dollar worth. - J. T. Alsap.
Letter from South Pass City.
ooRttcsroNiiExor. or the mixer.
South 1'ass City, D.TH Aug. 21, 1808.
Editor Mixm: Afteranabsenceof twolva
months, I have come to the conclusion to
write you a brief epistle, thinking, probably,
it may be wine satisfaction to you to get some
news from this region, particularly from one
who has been through the mill and has had
the experience that your humble sorvant has
Well, this country is the grandest bilk of
the ago. The Prescott oonntry Is a paradwvc
compared with it. There is not a single lode
m the country. It is true, there is some lit
tle q'oarti in the country that will pay for
working, provided a suflWeat quantity cowld
be obtained, init the country is a broken up
elate formation, and the ludea are nothing
more than little fibres and oMnineyscmppiog
ont of the surface, through the slate, and it
it the meanest climate on the face of the
earth. We had a snow storm about the mid
dle of June ajid ! honestly believe a nssn
would bare fraum to duftth had he been
caught out hi it. In addition to this, we have
the Crow and Sioux Indians to contend with,
ami when they tie owwe they
make it hot I
for m. They are diflemt t fraan y onr A pachas;
whenever they coUsh a wniH party they are
dead enre to Ukc thetn in. I think I that!
retnrn to Arizona this fall. X hare had enough
di northern MMiUiM, snd rather lift-
in ArfoMM and be a jamn jvnt than to bo a
king this ikm.
J. WiLVBIt WlttlAMS.
Letter from Hardyrille.
TliwTrt-v,, t p c, 1 1 icrs
An!ZOl .UIN'CK : -I Mat Statement
from an inteHigent and nJiaWe,'1 proves not
to be correct. I reported it in good faith and
had gmi reason Air believing it. At prosont
writing the treaty appears nut to have been
cofMUtnated, al )eaM on the part of Mr. Wal-1
lapai. So many "reliable reports" got out
that one dare net hoot hk month oiF, now-a-days,
withent danger 4 binf; convietod f
lying. The Iniian, I know, are not yet up
on the river, ht the Interpreter inferna me
that Col Price has given them tea days to
eome in and settle down among the Mohave ,
and if they fail, tba war to the knife, i
Travelers to and fro, between here and the
Willows, pass along the route in peaee at es
ent and Use "good Iajin" is allowed to viit
the travaier' camji. the allotted time
is up, I nreetnae dne notice will be given, ami
if they Ml in csming up to the Coloeol's
treaty, tfcewwltl be no mere friendly greet
ings bat a war of bitter oxteradnation, 1
Mr. Hard, to say hit employee, has struck
some very rich rock in his mine. The "old
geflthKiMSil biroMdf has gone to California on
a viit, via Austin and Virginia, Nevada.
Hoping that no one was damaged by that
"reliable" report ami that you will make the
I remain very truly yours,
Jai. P. Roll.
The Miuhle Aos Cithkprai.. The ca
thedrnl was the grand ppoar monwment or
the Middle Agii. It wa not only tbe puce
of prayer, and the abode of God, but the cen
tre of intellectual movement, the storehotMe
of all art traditions and all human knowledge.
What we 4ee In the cabinets of mm-enm
our fathers entrusted to the treasury of
church u; what wo soek in books they went
ami road in living character upon the cbbell
inc "f gates or the iintings of windows.
Thi? is why, wo find in such number upon
the alU of our cathedral, those calenders,
those botanical and zoological illustrations,
thoo details about trades, thoe warnings
about hygiene, whMi ielosl nn eilcyclo
jMudia for tho use and within thereaeh of all.
At Rheims, St. l)eni, Sdnte t'liapellc, they
kopt 8tuirel croeodiles, ostrich's egg, cuim-oa
ami antique vase, relies of martyrs and Saints.
U draw the people within the dace of wor
ship. So writes a dovout Catholic.
Victor Hugo is au-erb when he signals the
corrwiiondence between the cathedral and
the mind of the Middle Age. He not only
discovers that the cathedral is the encydu
paodia it is also tho (.tune bible, the majestic
ami visiblo poem, the grand publication of
the time. Each stone is a lent in the mighty
volume, each cathedral adifferent and enlargod
edition. The sculptor of the period, like the
writer of the press to day, hail tho liberty of
expresiion, ierhaps inoro liberty than is
grantoddiy n million-voiced public opinion to
tho writer in America. Then the bishgp was
the publisher; the people subscribers; the
architect, tho aculptor, the painter, tho jew
eler and tho maon, fellow-worker.
OCTOBER 3, KGB.
One of tho grand errors which tho people
of tho North have committed fclnce the close of
the war lies (says the Jlouml Table) at tho ba
sis of the wholo reconstruction policy, and is
independent of nny question of the constitu
tional power to deal with the. Southern States
as they have been dealt with. It has consisted
in tho assumption of a nesity far protecting
the nogrocs against the whites. The general
belief in euch a necessity has led the people
of tho North to acquiesce in measures which
they certainly would otherwise havo con
demned, and of which they arc now begin
ning to see tho mischievous fruits. The error
has extended to the means as well as to tho
end. H'e have assumed that the negroes
needed protection at our hands, and then
have committed the blunder of supposing that
the ballot was to be the great panacea. It
has proved to be a Pandora's box.
If a supreme ruler, having unrestrained au
thority ond an ordinary share of wisdom and
benevolence, had Iwen called to consider the
problem presented by the sudden nlwlition
oi Mavery as one oi tlio consequences ol a
civil war erowinz out of a iolitical revolt i
against las government, it is probable that j portion of rcprnscntathc populations unless
one of the last projerts that he would have j t"e.3r conferred suffrage upon the negroes,
adopted would have been to reverse the po- n'8 amendment was rejected by the jwoplo'
litical and social relations of the two races 011 ,'hom it undertook to force a change
by conferring political jhjwct ujKtn the infe- 'hich they knew the frcedmen were not tit
rior race and taking it away from the superi-, fri ""d for which there was no kind of hon
or. But wise or unwise, constitutional or ! necessity. What was to be done 7 ?egru
unconstitutional, the action of Congress to- j suffrage must be had, or the political power
ward the Southern States has been founded j f 'he Radical party in the North was in dan
on a monstrous assumption. The whole so- Ker f being lost by the reaction naturally to
cittl history of the South for a period of fifty oe expected after a civil war. RtcowUructien
years proceeding the rebellion show that the i wwf the only remaiuing resource a scheme
relations between the two races had in gener- which ment that the Southern State, as they
al ben kindly and harmonious. There were ' 'hen existed, should be suppressed; that the
evils enough attendant upon slavery, and it whites who would not consent to negro suf-
was certainly a blot upon the escutcheon or
surfi a republic as ours. AVc have all rcafon
to le thanknal for it removal, and this we lw-
Heve it the otiinion of ninetr-njne in even
)ufHro,l f the former master. Rut whether
h arce irom toe nature ot me negro, trom
the fact tlwt for so many generations lie had
been a slave, or from the virtues which such
a yttn engendered in the white along with
viees which it produced, it is undeniable that
protection and rood treatment of the blacks
were the Mttied habits and tins dispoitHn
oi Sontbern society. If it had been other- casian races, and with which the negroes of
wii. we never should have witnessed the ex- j our Southern States can be compared. Gov.
traordinarv spectacle, which was dwplayed ' emroents that arc thus based upon the most
fall thftHigft the war, of a .TTile imputation ignorant and degraded class, that class being
reraaininf peaoe&ldy at work in the absence an inferior race and being made by the dis
sA their master, who were carryiar on a war franchismcnt of great numbers of the sujierior
I "e oi toe aioweu oiyecw oi Avuicii wa to
Til... ... M .-V. . . . l- .
urreton in the whole South while the war , other motive than a design to obtain the pen
was going on. In can almott innumerable litical control of those States in the election!
the slaves on isolated plantation, where white which relate to the ofllces of the Federal
wvmen and child run were left without any , Government. The idea that the blacks need
protectors of their own race except a single i d protection against the whites has been hon
overwujr. were fathfol to the last, carrying , etly entertained by the masses of the people
& tne laimr ot production winch lurnisbeu
the sinews of war as well as the means of
tatbsistence for all. The National Govern
ment obtained no important military advan
tage in tae whole course of the war which
can be said to have accrued from any will
ingness of the htack to rite fm mom? against
the apped opprnr. This spectacle has
at no time impresed the people of the North est it was to raise their condition as fast as it
as it did the peopb? of fort-isn countries, and ; could be raised by prudent and honest legis,
we have not drawn from it the important les- lation. No good has yet been done in the rs
ton It shonld have conveyed to us. ! latloas of the two races by the interference
It should have taught us that when the ' of Congrc. At the same time the etatc of
people of the Southern States, after the war ' things which lias been produced, politically,
was onded,confented to ratify an amendment deplorable. A race of adventurers from tbo
of the Constitution or the United States abol- ! North, of the worst type of politician?, ap
ishing slaverv, and when they were ready, hs propriately dubbed in the political slamr of
they certainly were, to adjust their legisla- j of the day as "carpet-baggers." ore assuming
thm ami customs to a system of free labor, j the most Important offices oi those States,
our farther interference would be both un- and arc swarming into Congress as rcpresen
neeesary and mischievous. It was clearly i tatives of the Southern people; while the
unnecessary, because there was no oppression,
and no feeling that rankled in the bosoms of
tne wnites arainst the blacks. It was cer
tain to prove mischievous, because as legisla
tors for the South we were utterly incompe
tent to deal with a problem so far removed
from us, so local, so ticculiar, and involving
so many details of which we could know noth-
ing. c were compli-tely ignorant of tue
race for whose Ix-ncfU we undertook to act.
We were ignorant of the processes and ncces-
titles or the ajrncuJUire which depended on
... . ... -... ..
their labor. What kind of contracts the
owner of the soil could make with the frrcd
limn, what contracts could be enforced, bow
subsistence was to be provided, bow the la
boring jwpulation were to be kept at work
and kept in health that population being
one just emancipated from the absolute will
of an owner and no more capable in general
of self-directioo than so tuanr children
the were matters with which ft was impos
sible for any government to deal wisclv which
ontirely lacked representative men belonging
to those communities, and assumed the rela
tion of a sovereign who had quelled a politi
cal revolt. Wo did the very worst thing
that we could have done. Wc fent a military
Iower to deal with social problems that re
quired local knowledge and the xj)rience
which generations of civilized and intelligent
white men had acquired in dealing with the
negro; and the agents of that military jower
were Northern stranger, very poorly quali
fied to legislate for a people whoie interests
and whose wanU they could nut understand,
and agaiast whom they carried with them
strong political preiudiccs. Tho FrcedmcnV
Hureuu was founded upon tho idea that the
blacks needed protection against tbe whites;
ami along with this caino another stupendous
mistake, that it was necessary to repress the
whites becuusc they had been "rebel," and
to proclaim the blacks to be tho "loyalists ''
ami " Unionists " because their former mas
ters had engaged in a political revolt against
tho Federal Government. This running of
political distinctions into problems that were
purely social, legislative and local tho prob
lems of free labor where slave lalwr alone had
N HIRER 40.
produced tho great staples or a very peculiar
region coon excited the ambition and chi
canery of a certain class of politiciaas who
have had the predominant control of the Fed
eral Government since a comparatively earl r
jicnod in President Lincoln's administration.
Thaw men conceived the idea that if the
ballot could be put into the hands of tho ne
gro they could control the political character
of tho Southern States, and by means of a
population which they could handle as they
pleased, the Southern States might bo made,
politically, Republican; as they would cer
tainly become Democratic if the whites were
left in possession of the political power. Ku'
how the ballot was to be got into the hands
of the blacks was a question not easy to be
nettled. The institutions and the fundamen
tal law of tho L'nitcd States did not.admit of
any interference by Congress with tho right
of suffrage. The making or unmaking of vo
ters by an act of Congress was a thing un
heard of ; and even the most radical of our
Radicals did not at first see their way to this
assumption of noucr. Thev nmwwwl an
amendment of the Constitution which would
deprive the .Southern States of theic pro-
"gc nouiu dc oistranchtsed or the direct
force of n act of Congresa, that suflrago
tuouju.uo conicrrea on tuc oiacu Dy tiie
Mine tower; and that the tUiU should' thus
become an entirely new body of people, a
majority of wliom are destitute of even the
rudiment of education, and are !e. fit for
the exercise of the right of suffrage than any
oorrcsponding population in any country of
Christendom ; if, indeed, there is any other
. 1. . 1 t 1 . i - . . . V
population oi a aitunct race, situated in the
midst of the intelligent and educated Cau
race i;ic acuwii uoiut-m oi iac ponucni power,
Thi. wbmi ronld tint k nrimn.twl ;n
' oi tuc .ono, wnose crroncons convictions
have thus furnished the politicians with a
pretext; whereas wc should all have seen
and admitted that the best protectors of the
blacks in their new condition of freedom
were those who had always lived with them.
who were horn on the t-ame noil, who best
; understood them, and whose fctrongest Intcr-
legislature oi tnc new negro governments
are coinpocu or tne least intelligent, the
least capable, and the least honest of the
white race, with an intermixture of blacks,
most of whom cannot read or write. Tbo
new governments, too, are started with the
fundamental condition, imposed by their con
stitutions ana cniorccu by tnc terms of their
i aaraission into me union, mat tne universal
I suflrage should never be changed. What a
future, then, is before those States ! Bound
l f ; . 1 . i ; t ,
forever if the scheme is capable of lastine
..-to an irreversible and unchangeable condi
tion of society, that condition being that
cto ignorance and absolute overtr shall
hold more political tower than intelligence
and property ; that laws shall not be mode
by those who arc best, but shall be made by
those who are least qualified to make them ;
and that no man shall hold office or cast a
vote who docs not first take an oatli that he
believes in the political and social equality
of races on which the hand of Heaven has
stamped indelible marks of rclativelnferiority
and superiority which have always been dc
vcIojhxI and always operated whenever thty
have been brought in contact.
The prospect is melancholy enough. One
thing, however, appears to us clear, whether
tho one party or tho other prevails in the ap
proaching Presidential election. It ts( that
this condition of tbintrs in the South cannot
continue. It is a kind of legislation that is
impracticable for any but a temporary and
factitious purpose. It is a scheme which may
possibly give the electoral rotes of the recon
structed States to the Republican candidates;
but as the basis of the future polity and con
dition of civilized States it is too manifebtly
a violation of ordinances of Providence to re
main long In operation. Daniel Webster once
said speaking of the impossibility of Intro
ducing African slavery into a region where it
was excluded by tho irresistible forces of
clmate and soilthat it was useless to rcenact
tho laws of God. It is worse than useless to
legislate against His laws; and that it is ono
of His laws that educated intelligence, expe
rience, nnd virtue shall govern the aflaira of
this world is certain.