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mSCOTT, ARIZONA, SATCIIDAY MOKNJNC,, OCTOBER IT, 168.
j-l HUSHED EVERY KATL'IIDAV MORNING.
Ar l'KBcorr, Yavapai Cotxrr, Arizona.
TERMS OF SUllSCRll'TION:
One Copy. One Year.
U AT 113 OK ADVERTISING:
nqu&rt, one time, f3.00; each additional
tune. fl.W. Each addition! square, wmc rata
A ilticral discount will t3 msde to person con.
' toning lne tame advertisement for three, tlx, or
rofcloiial or business cord Inserted upon
i 4oiknMe trtm.
if" .eiaf Tender S'ottt tnkfn at pur in payment
for imlicrtjttujn, atherlitiny andjoli tcork.
Term", Invariably In dviiff.
;OIIS II MAHION HHSJ 11. WEAVER.
I'atyhrni nd Iniiritnf.
Directory of Yavapai County.
m.lHct JuJee. VM. F. Tl BSKR.
rr..tnt Ju.tirr Hr.7KK!Alt llHOOK,
liMtrt-1 AUnrner Jons M Uol VfHr.K.
rrtS, A. J. lr
t imy Itwntrf, Jon II. llr.HA.v.
I 5r Trvnrrt WlLUtM Ooar,
t,rt of llutrirt Court, B. W. WXH, Jh.
TEUM8 Or COUHTBt
Ill.trt. t Court Hint Mn4ar l Mr, m4 Third Moo-
'mint Court tint MumUys U January, April. July
iK) a no or flurmtviwjitsi
Uidtoa GumlL John O. CUiopWl. P. It. WandrtUeh.
IVM nmii a tli lint MimAty la Jiuiurjr, A JU.
J,j J f-utT. t ItrMnrtt,
Jl STICKS OK THE PEACE:
fUmo! E, lllslr. Qmrgt W. lUrmM.
Ilihiness & Professional Cards.
J. l HAIKJRA V E,
TTOUNEY AND COrNSKLOR.AT-LAW,
Montrtums street, I'rcscott, Arlion.
ATTORNEY AND COCNSELQR-AT-LAW.
A. K. DAVIS,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR-AT-LAW,
Mohsve City, Arizona Territory.
What Correspondents say of Arizona.
Thu San Francisco IlttlUtiit.
has always spoken good words for Arizona,
has a special correspondent now hi the Terri
tory, who writu intelligently of some mat
ters. The letters we have seen published in
the Ihlbtin, were written at Hardyvillu, on
the Colorado river, and the correspondent
writes as if he. had received his ideas of the
interior of the Territory from
who travelled over it hi tlie employ pf Gov-
months " heavy wet" has encompassed these
elevated plateaus, nnd to-day there Is preen
pasture enough here in central nnd northern
Arizona for alt the flocks ami herds of Call
fomia. The land and oceupation of Goshen
has been transferred to tiio hills of Hasban
Ah 1 hut the ficrco hordes of the "Amcle
kites" nnd other "pants" abound! Yes!
And cannot all the boasted vslorof the "Yan
kee nation" neither iliivc out nor sul jugate
these "Canaanltes"? Yes! As soon as the
facts are known the genial rlim&tc, tic su
perb skies, fertile soli, witters, mines, fruit,
eminent. He first sneaks of the ti
comforts of even' sort, which advancing civil
I Ufttlin ...UL . . . f -l.ill -.1 f .1
mm iu ircimurun hi skih anu noams
of wealth, shall hero yet tiour forth as. from
horns of plenty then Arizona will bos prop
erly developed, known, appreciated"
P. P. HOWARD, M. D.,
ritY3ictA.r Arr HUitGicorc.
Aztlaa Lodge No. 177, F. & A. JT.
ft roUr mectlni of thU Lodye on the
Jnkf last Saturday of each month, at 7 o'clock
JJ I journlnff Hrctiiren are fmUrnslly
r Invliol to attrcd.
KDWIN DARLING, W. M
Jjiues E. JCcCirrKr, Secretary.
I. 0. 0. Arizona Lodge, No. 1.
tM Idpe on WednedyeTmlne,l
N"" MumdIc Uall. Members of the order,
ood UikIIdl-, arc Invited to sttrnd.
A. O. NO YES, N. O.
E Dahijmo, Rv See. aujriJ
Why is It
That the Preeett people wear better clothei.
mike better clears, obew better tobacco, look
binitomcr and are happier lhan formerly! Ask
lleo4er)n A Co. wylC.
tlt L! t I t i Pftt'
Fwoit, Jnne li, lWS.
NO. I. COWS
A. G. DUNN.
WUj- Is it
That tbe Preixott liars sell better Liquors
whan formerly: AA- HENDERSON .t CO.
KUSTEL & HOPMANN,
METALLUHGISIS AND ASSAYEKS.
Odd and Silecr Hull ton Auayrd.
MINERAL ASSAYS AND ANALYSIS MADE.
Ctl Commercial Street, San Francisco.
SiLvr.n An nou Okes worked In small lot p
to a hundred iounds, by Uhlorin&tton
and other methods.
Sin Pranelseo, CL, June 37, m. JylSmO
Goods well IloiiKht, Si; 1 1 Tlicin
st'I ?. D. Hkntikbsox, tho senior partner of
tbe firm. Is constantly employed In San Francisco
telectlng and buying goods by which means we
are enabled to take advantage of the fluctuations
in prices, and purchase our goods at lower rates
than any other House In Central Arizona.
tny30 D. HExnKiwov & Co.
rPHInU Mining ami Quitclaim rtili,
"P'fUl and Ornentl I'otTerf-of-Attorney,
lc, fur aalr m.1 the Jllnrr (mice.
That Dry Goods are sold cheaper In I'rescott
than elsewhere thU side of San Fruncbcot En
S'dre of HENDERSON i. CO.
tny!6 . .
Itoast indulged in by some of our people : that
lUizorm is the richest mineral country in the i
world, fieeuw to doubt the truthfulness or
this assertion and Intrenches himself behind
tho well known, stubborn fact that if it is,
tho outside world don't know It. In the
next paragraph, however, he balances accounts
by throwing in the dead weight that has
been pressing us down, and still presos us
down the Indians, and we are not diKod
o rpjarrcl with him on this point. Hut when
be says: "About one-fourth part of Arizona
may be put down as fit for agriculture and
grazing, about one-fourth a barren, sandy
waste, about three-eighths is covered with
lava from extinct volcano, and alwut one
eighth may bo put down as mineral, or where
the bed rock is of primitive formation, and
would by its appearance induce a miner to
look for mineral," we straightway take Issue
with him, and shall endeavor to prove to his
unsophisticated mind that over one-half of
the entire area of the Territory may be put
down as eminently fitted for grazing and
agriculture. To substantiate this abortion,
we can find scores of men who will make oath
that from thu Colorado river to the Eastern
boundary of the Territory, is a belt of coun
try over 800 milos in length by about 75 miles
in width which is admirably adapted Ugrz
ing and agriculture, ami, to add to its at
tractions, nearly one half of said belt of
country is well-timbered, while more than
tho half of it is well watered.
He forgot to mention the fact, that the
"desert part" is, in fact not a desert, for ujwn
it nutrition grae grow, and water is found
at depths of from 50 to 100 feet. Again,
"more than one-eighth" of tho Territory may
be put down as mineral. Now, if he will but
follow the mineral belt that runt through the
heart of the Territory, for 300 miles, between
the Colorado and Gila rivers, then cross the
latter stream, travel over the rich and ox
tentive mineral country in I'imn county, be
will be apt to come to the conclusion that in
dlvldiug tho Territory into mineral, grazing,
i. i.. . .. .
agricultural anu -sanoy waste" patcnes, dc
wa? w-y partial to the "saudy waste," and
gave it entirely too much spread. We will
close this article by giving his theory about
ItiBXATlOX Or 7IIK COLOftAPO RIVER."
" This great flow of conglomerate matter
flattened out into a vat plain covering tbe
primitive bed rock, also darning up the great
Colorado river, thus funning an inland lake.
After the Iatsc of time, Uic Colorado nver
broke over the dam, and as this conglomerate
mass was not yet fully hardened, the river
soon wore a dianne1 through, and formed tbe
creat eanyon of tho Colorado nver. Tin
theory Is fully sustained by the evidence of
one James hite, who floated through the
great canyon on a raft from the confluence of
Grand river to Callville. White aserts that
for at least 500 miles the Colorado river is
confined in a canyon of peqiendicular banks
of dark conglomerate rock. For 2CX) miles
below the confluence of Grand river with tbe
Colorado, the banks are not vcrytiigh in the
immediate vicinity of tho river, but slope oil"
in benches until within three or tire miles,
thu tops of the main mountains on the plateau
may be reached. The bed rock in the vicin
ity of the river appeared to be a sedimental
formation as fortatAl at the bottom of the
lake. This sedimental formation overlapped
granite and slate at various place through
the groat canyon, where the precipitnuj rocks
varied from 3,000 to 8,000 feet. White no
ticed that this conglomerate rock over!apjed
diilerunt kinds of rock that cropcd out near
the water's edge. The writer has been at
the mouth of the great canyon, also on the
great plateau and through what is called
IJIack Canyon, below Callville, and has no
ticed this to bo a fact. A miner might as
well prospect the Pacific Ocean where the
water is from 3,000 to 5,000 feet deep, as to
prospect one of these fields of lava.
A traveling correspondent of the San Fran
cisco Tima, writing from Proscott, under date
of August 31st, tells the following plain, un
varnished talc of this portion of our Territory:
"It seemed like life on another planet to
find on this niiKs of tho Colorado such '-sweot
fields bevond the swelling flood stand dressed
in living green;" to hear tho soft, joyous carols
of birds all niifht and dav: to see tall waving
pine in one day's ride from tho silent lower
desert or southeast uatiinrnia, secmeu to mo
liko enchantment, like life from the dead,
liko awakening to Immortality. What can it
mean 7 After a winter of unprecedented rain,
how comes it to find vernal music, grass,
flowers, and the soft airs of summer repeated 7
Enigmatical Arizona I What process shall
unfold thy Becrct and cause tby Sphynx-Iikc
mystery to bo revealed ? For almost two
U. S. Horses and Mules.
A military officer requests us to publish the
following opinion of the Judge Advocate
General, recently promulgated:
" Held that certain horses nnd mules found
In ashington, during tho war, in the jios
The Moon and the Weather.
Professor Elias Loomis read a paper boforc
the American Association for tho Advance
ment of Science upon the " Influence of tho
Moon ujxin tho Weather," of which the fol
lowing is an abstract:
Several meteorologists havo attempted by
session of an Army Sutler, marked with tho I a comparison of a Ioiik series of observations
u, o. uraim anu wiuiout ony otuor additional i to determine ii tnc moon exerts any inuu-
mark indicating that they had been duly told j enco upon the weather. From a comparison
The San Francisco Alta and the Mining and
Scientific Prut, also of San Francisco, are in
high glee over a hew desulphurizing furnace,
named tbe "Hogan," and ir it can do what it
inventor claims for it, we do not blame thorn
for feeling jubilant over the invention. It is
said that gold and silver ores can !o roasted
in it, and thoroughly desulphurized at an cx
pease not exceeding one dollar urn dollar nd
a half per ton, using water which is first
converted into suer-heated steam and tht-n
separated into its elemental gasses, oxygen
aud hydrogen for the fuel
This is the very furnace needed in this part
of Arizona, and should experience with it in
California prove it to be what it is represent
ed, we are bound to have dozens of such fur
naces here licforu lung.
Messrs. KusUil and Hoffman, (says tho
Prut) have adapted cblurination also to silver
ores, by a combination of the riattnor it I'll
tent wet process 'dissolving the chloride of
gold out first by means of hot water, and the
chloride of stiver afterwards by a solution of
bypo-suiphale of hoda.
This adaptation will be found e"-,clally
useful where the ores ountiin both gold and
stiver. The. method of proceedure is thus
' The ore having Wen roasted, it treated
by the i'lattner gold chlonnation process, as
used in numerous chlonnation works itt this
State The powder is moUlenod and put in
to a covered wooden tub or vat, iuto the bot
tom of which chlorine gas, made by mixing
sulphuric acid, black oxide of mangauce and
common salt, is forred. This chlorine unites
with the gold and forms a chloride which is
soluble, and is leached out by letting water
run through tbe ore. Sulphate of iron is ad
ded to the solution of chloride of gold, and
the chlorine leaves the gold, which then be
ing reduced t a metallic state, becomes in
soluble, and falls tu the bottom as a tine, dark-
purple powder, which has only to be melted
by the Government, were to be regarded as
prima, fiicie Government property; the bur-
uen nj proof, being, under the circumstances,
thrown ujwn tho party to establish a legal
It will be seen by tbe above that any per
son having in his possession a U. S. animal,
which has not been duly sold by the Govern
ment, Is liable to have the same seized by any
officer of the army. It therefore lwhovos all
ersons, to be prepared to furnish incontesta
ble proof of the legality of their title to the
Hops grow wild all over Arizona, and there
is considerable demand for them among our
people, yet, nolwdy has, as yet, undertaken
to raise them as a crop. In California hop
raising pays well, and we see no good reason
why it should not be a profitable business
here. They have never sold for less than 80
cents jh.t pound, gold, and it is said that,
when the plants are two years old, an acre of
them will yield over 800 pounds.
Iticn. A fine sample of rice is now grow
ing upon the fann of A. J. King, of this city.
It has grown with no more attention than
would be required by the raising of Indian
corn. The stalks arc alwut three feet high,
and ar now hwidinj; out, with the pror,,'Ct
j of making a heavy crop. The experiment of
nee growing will, If successful, be one of
great importance to the country. Lot Angt
U Xevt, SrpL 2C.
Why cannot some of our Arizona farmers
experiment a little with rice? It ought to
do well in oar river bottoms, and foot-bill
Jons A. liisoHAM, the man who, accord
ing to U. F. Butler, murdered Mrs. Surratt,
Is on li way to California, to talk for Grant
and Colfax. Oh, Dingham, monstrous liing
ham! on your way from East to West, you
should hire out to Father Brigharn, to
well, you know the rest.
Ix the FiBLa Our former feRow-towns-man,
Patsy Marley, P. F who left Prescott
some time since, has found bis way to Green
River City, as we learn from the following
card, published in the J-'rvtUur Index, over
" I hereby challenge J. Condle Orum, in
to turn into a iVnit vellow bar. Mr. KuMel ! particular, to fight me for SUX to S'-jOOO
... r. 1 .l.. P.. 3 : .1 i.i..t... kstdr. anvwbere on the line ol U u. r. Jv,
from one vat to atwther, instead of letting It k'T S,lt Uk,e W ,Un? "ffii
escape after each change as is the general Man and fr1 ".S'J
tnmT,., n rhWrimrA inn of silver ore with ' w,ll,nK to tight Billy or Jimmy Dwycr for
tbe same amount, or any other man at US
lbs. will trive or take three or four pounds.
protUoJaU, saving of ifr
- i 1 .... if In il,. 1 SHI uninniv o i II "IB, I U. V". n -
ore, it is ieaehed out with the gold, and may
be precitaied from the solution by throwing
of twenty-eight years of observation in Ger
many, Schubler, in 18i0, deduced a sensible
influence of the moon, the number of rainy
dayB nt tho time of the second octant being
twenty-five tier cent, greater than at the time
of the fourth octant. From a comparison of
observations made at Paris, Orange and Carl
sruhc, Oasparin arrived at results not differ
ing greatly from those of Schubler. Bjr a
comparison of sixteen years of observation
at Greenwich, nine years at Oxford, and six
teen years at Berlin, Mr. Harrison, of Eng
land, has obtained results whicli arc remarka
bly consistent with each other, and which in
dicate that the moon exerts an appreciable in
fluence upon the terrestial temperature, the
tnnzimuni occurring six or nine days after the
new moon, and the minimum about four days
after the full. The difference between the
maximum near the first quarter and the mini
mum near the last quarter is two and a half
degrees Farhcnheit. The result, which aro
so different from what might have been anti
cipated, Mr. Harrison explains by supposing
that the moon really attains its greatest heat
about the lost quarter; but that the boat
which the moon radiates to the earth is en
tirely dark heat, and therefore alorbed by
our atmosphere. This heat raise the tcm
jerature of the air above the clouds, caus
ing increased evajioratioti from their surface,
by which they are dispersed, and thus there
is an increased evaporation from their sur
face, by which they are disjered, and thus
there it an increased radiation of terrestial
heat to the sky, and consequently a diminu
tion in the temperature of the air near the
ground. He supposes that opposite results
mast occur at the eriod of minimum heat in
tbe moon. Upon extending the comparison
to forty-three years of olscrvation at Green
wich, Mr. Harrison finds still a fluctuation of
temperature, but the range is reduced to one
degree and one minute instead of twodegtees.
and five minutes. Mr. Ballat, on tabulating
a series of seventy years mean daily tempera
tnro. according to the moon's age, found that
the highest temperature occurred during the
seven days after full moon, beinz almost pre
cisely op5sst to the results of Mr. Harrison.
Schiaparella has made a careful analysis of 33
years of obnervations, made at igirouno,
near Milan, in Northern Italy, aud has attain
ed results which are also remarkably consist
ent with each other. They show that about
the time of the lat quarter of tbe moon there
is a maximum in tbe number of rainy days,
as also in the frequency of storms, ana in the
degree of cloudiness.
The Professor then exhibited a table of re
sults, which he had deduced from seven
years' observation, and drew the conclusion
that the moon dia effect the weather, and
maintained in direct opposition to Professor
Hcrschel, that the mocja just before its full
influenced the weather toward cloudiness
rather than clearness, and followed the same
law sji the sun.
three iwunds of mancaneso instead of ten
pounds, the cmisI quantity in gold chloriua
tioii. and there ts a
I flee. Green
Iliver Citv. First ootnc first
in tiioces of iron
The silver in the roasted ore Is not soluble
in cold water, and although it can be leached
out bv a hot solution of salt, yet as sixty-
eight pounds of salt are required for one of
silver, that proevxs is so untvofitaule that it is
not ukciI on this coast at all. and only on malt
in Europe. But it can be leached out by a
hypo-sulpbite of soda, which is employed by
Mr. Kustel. tbrce-qusrters of a pound of the
salt being duohwd in a cubic foot of water, j
New Mooe The African majority in the
South Carolina Legislature, recently upen
ded a "brudder" raembersix months for vot
ing with the minority. Happy idea. Inven
Too Costlt. The San Francisco Caflsays:
" The London Tim bos an article on Amen
can affairs, in which it rraics our forbear-
and two feet and two-thirds of the soluti-n nce toward the Indians, but express an
being employed to leach out a pound of silver, opinion mat tnc roue, poucy wn not oe pur
In leachitur. tho solution should stand six j ued much longer, because it is too costly.
inches over the pulverized ore, which may be ' Forbearance s not only too costly, out, more
two feet deep, and be dripping down con-; than that, it ha ilong since cwed to ,bea vir
stantly, not less than twelve or more than tw- Genera Sherman has at length opened
twenty-four hours. After leaching, the soiu- I m cj i -
lion is clear, nnd contains oxide of silver in j treating the red savages as they deserve.
chetuical combination with bypo-i-ulphlte of Wi-h General Hsilcck would also open his
soda. A solution of sulphide of sodium Ly, The pcoplo of Arizona know the cost
is poured in to precipitate me sliver as a ui- or- n,r)carrnee to their sorrow, and the worst
ph.de, which is drained tc,t of X1" ! of it is, they are the ones who have paid the
tmn mnr.4 li lln.Ml filvMl. eriMCl to I '
"-e -ei . . .i .
a low red heat to dnvc otr the sulphur, and
then molted with iron in a crucible. The
liar consists of three-fourths silver and one-
fourth matt, and the latter splits off when
the hot lar is thrown iuto water. The matt
contains from four to six per cent, of silver,
and is crushed and roasted with the next lot
Several experiments tried on four tons of
ore from the Rising Star mine nt Owyhee,
showed yields varying from three taix per
cant, less than the tire assay, and the bullion,
which is .700 fine when amalgamated In the
barrel, was .957 fine by the Kustel process.
3Ir. Kustel infonns the AUa that this pro
cess is peculiarly well adapted to the ores of
Heese Iliver, Idaho, Humboldt and Sonora,
but will bo of less scrvico at Virginia, in
Southern California and Arizona, yet, we
think there are oros in this Territory to the
successful working of which this process is
well adapted, and as Mr. Borgcr Is erecting
chlorination works near Prescott, wo have no
doubt but that he will teat the matter.
B. P IUnki.v, a lawyer of San Francisco,
has taken leave of Kodicalism and joined the
cost. It is high time our Government mould
make an effort to relieve them from paying
cost any longer, or tell them to look out for
Tin: New York Trfovtu't opinion of the
immortal Washington is not very exalted.
Hear what its ohiof editor says of the great
and good man who was " first in war, first in
jieace, and first in tho hearts of his couutry
mcn : "
"Take the be-wigged and powdered Wash
ingtoii, studding forever in that stiff military
cravat, and apparently without a drop of blood
in his Teins, an impossible hero to us, for wo
see no humanity In him."
That, nnd "Tear down tho Flaunting Lie,"
ouht to "let you out," Mr. Trihuu.
Zeal, not rightly directed, is pernicious,
for, as it makes a good cause bettor, it makes
a bad cause worse.
Climatic CtmiosiTm. Tbe changes in a
country's climate by settlement and cultiva
tion of the soil otten seem strange and incon
sistent. A letter from a late traveler in Ne
braska notes some curious contrasts: It is a
frequent subject of remark in tbe Ohio Valley,
that settling tbe country, clean ng, ditching
tbe land, constantly makes it dryer; that old
wells and springs are drying up, and each suc
ceeding summer branches run dry, which
never did before. The French agricultural
report makes the same complaint, and calls
upon the government to stop tho destruction
of tbe forests, as the means of preserving tho
rivers. But here, with Mttlement, exactly
the reverse phenomena are presented, and the
quantitr of rain in western Nebraska and
I Kansas has doubled within the memory of
i man. Perhaps this Is due somewhu to the
trees planted on new farms, but I think, also,
that breaking up the sod allows it to aborl
more moisture than it could in the prairie
state, and in many instances turning a hun
dred acres of sod will renew an old spring.
Freb branches ri starting In frillies which
have been dry for hundreds, perhaps thous
ands of yearV "Thus springs break out In
the thirsty wilderness, and streams of water
in the dry ground !'' Here is an important
principle at work, which will enable agricul
ture to make great advances on what is now
the American desert. Akin to these are tbe
facts of heavy rains this summer in Colorado
and California, States where the rule of dry
summers seem to have been invariable hereto
fore. Who shall divino the law of such revolutions?
Man was never intended to be Idle. Inac
tivity frustrate!- tho very design of his crea
tion, whereas on active life is the best guar
dian of virtue, and the greatest preservation
More Secession. Wherever the "colored
cuss from Africa" wedges himself in between
whites, or is wedged in by them, trouble Is
sure to arise. General Howard, of the Frecd
raen's Bureau, and Dr. Boynton, his pastor,
are at war, all on account of the cbonys. The
General wants negroes admitted to an eccle
siastical equality in the Congregational Church
In Washington City ; the Parson don't. Hence
Since 1850, over 107,700 Chinese have ar
rived in California. Of these 3,000 have died,
and 42,000 have gone back to China, which
leaves over (30,000 of them on tho Pacific
Siieiiman, the highest point on the U..P.
R. P.. is"8;2G2 fect abovo thclcST7" -