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title: 'The weekly Arizona miner. (Prescott, Ariz.) 1868-1873, October 31, 1868, Image 1',
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I'RKSCOTT, AKIZOaA, SATUItDAY MOHNIXG, OCTOBER 31, 1X68.
l-LWMSHKD BVEHV SATURDAY MOUSING.
At I'HMurr, Yav.u'U Ceiw-rr, Auizoxa.
TERMS 01' SURSCRIPTION:
ii-.r C m v. Oiu- Ytur $700
Plx Montln 4 00
Throe Months 2 50
single Copies, .... 25
RATES OF ADVKUTISING:
One square, one time, ttSft; enh additional
ti..i , 4 1.50. Each additional square, same rate.
i.i. ul dlscoiint will bo mado to perons eon
,. mg tlic rame advertisement for three, six, or
u, iv months.
l'rr.'sioiii.l or builness card a liiMirtOd upon
6 if Isyal Tetulrr Xotef taken at par in payment
v iu!,t nptton, lutr-ertiiifuf nnd job work.
'IVnin, Inriirlultly In mlvitnrr.
JOHN II. JIAllIDX 11KKJ. It. WBAVBU.
lnli'.'uhor ami I'rftjtHMnfu.
Directory of Yavapai County.
I) .tri, t Jixljr WM. I". TfHMIR.
The Hasan Process for the Reduction
of Rebellious Ores.
(Prom theSn 1'ranrlwu Tlmfi.J
pnratively insignificant. Tho super-heating the working of thin process wo shall adhcro
pipes aie about St., inches in diameter, with
a threo-qtiarter inch bore, and possessing
great strength. The small holm for tho e-
enpe ot tlie traces nre made so as to direct the
. ... ; ".aniicsieu uy uio puunc jet lorward between the ties, and into the ore
he i.nterpri. mine, neur Cisco, with the quantity of shavings and kindling aresatura
Hagan turnace, now in successful operation tu,l with keroeno, and lighted to produce a
upon the sulrhtirets of that mine, led us to miM lim. mill till! tirnntn f Hftmil . jist mt niiiin
wiw ntvitiu llVlllhlJll HV ll.Vi
Micure the nwvic of a Kentloman conversnnt
quick lire, ami the Kteam tunimUo
U'llf'Tl it mint illtlfiu tt fiHrtl ti-i ltnttf r,- ant -n
with such nmttors to visit that locality and being sustained by the ga- supSied by the
make a critical and thorouah investiiration i Wimiwiiinri r.r !,.. .tn.m AXinf .r
of tlit furnace, the mode of d.xiilphurization I fuel, however, is mod, amounting to about
and its economical and practical result, and j ono cord of wood in twenty-four hours, for
report the same for publication. Tho vast the purpoc of furnishing carbon to act in
importance to tho mining interests of this j combination with the gases upon the ores, to
Goa, of tho discovery of a process for the i more off'ertutdlv secure the destruction of the
sure inu economical reduction of tha nch but . base metals. Charcoal would uerhntn be best
closely to the truth at tho risk of exciting
the suspicion of tho incredulous. Tho fur
nace of tho Enterprise mill is constructed so
that the roasted ore lias to bo raised to the
battery by machinery, and handled over two
The Early Mexicans.
Historians have marveled at tho Instanta
neous collate of the empires of Mexico, Peru,
the Mayas, and the Natchez, before a handful
.if ,(. i, iii;i.,..i ti... (.... ...i,..,.
or three timw, yet the cost of treating tho ever tho whites apm-ared thev were amnected
wiu una .uum;u hoi icilu uuu uui- , witn iDesc ancient predictions of the spirit of
lar per ton. Where the furnace can be built
over tho mill, as is often the case, so that the
ore may be withdrawn in front of and on a
level with the battery, the expense would
not exceed fifty cents tr ton. If tho furnace'
dawn returning to claim his own. Obscure
aud ominous prophecies, "texU of bodeful
eong," rose in the memory of tho natives,
and paralyzed their arms.
"for a very long time," said Montezuma,.
I was ofilfty or ono hundred tons capacity, as ; t his first intcrvew with Cortez, "it has
iv iiiiu i. uu nuvroiT uwirauiu u iiitvu 11. c.
the cost would be still further reduced. All
ore has to be delivered at the stamps in pro-
Ir fize for crushing. The delivery of tho
same ore at the top of the furnace, when the
robejious sulphuretores, which have hitherto ! for this puqiwe, the object being to provide ', same is built on the side of a hill,' and run
ning it through it in the manner described,
before it reaches the stamps, cannot materi
ally inrrease the cost of handling. Add to
mis inc co i ni iuei consumed, anu tnc lauor
JOHX Jt. ItOfNTHKH,
A. J. M0R.
jomi ii. 1ieham,
...B. W. Wuu,Jk.
I v TrrtuMtrt
-k ..f IlmtrMi Una
TKHMS Ql' C?OUKT8:
l . i .rt Flrrt JlwOajr la My. d TUrU Mob-
, - a' I "ir t'lnt iUmiaft la Jnauary, AwU, July
IIOA1M) Of Kfl,KHVlSOItSl
em f'inill JtJiB O. dunptwU. 1'. II. Wtwdirltah.
t . -1 n. w-f. .hi thr KIM Htmiy ta Jnutff, April.
. ,.n. iMnw Bt Pt1
j t HTicns or TUB I'BACr.:
'i rra . r. Illair. Owrtt W. tbrawrf.
Business & Professional Cards.
J. P. IIARUIIAVH,
"Tolti:V AND COL'NSELOR-AT-LAW,
M'lutexuuM ttreet, I'raseott, Artiotwi.
ATTuRSEV AND COUNSKI.OU-AT.r.AW.
resisted the elforU of the most skillful met
alluifcists, is universally acknowledged, and
give! ununual interest to the suliject. The
A fcer a cloe personal examination during
thei days of last week, of the working of
furiueo now in operation at the Hntcrprise
minij, situated miles north of Cisco, on
the Pacific Railroad, under the management
of V. A. Williams, Kmj., a thoroughly exjie
rienced and practical quartz miner, your re
porter is enubled.to pronounco it a decided
succtss, and to give such information con
cerning it as he thinks will lead others to the
Tie Hagan process of desulphurization con
a ueu oi live coah lor tho jets ot gas to jinw
through on leaving the pijies but wood an
swers the purpoe very well. On throwing
in wood it takes fire and blazes up until the
air is excluded by closing tiio doors of tho
flre-box, when it continues to burn like a
charred fire-brand until cotiumcd. The es
cape of the steam through the pipes produces
a loud hissing round, which snggexts the idea
that the furnace has a powerful draught, but
such is not the ca, a the air is purKely
excluded, and the smoke and fumes creep
lazily out of the chimney.
The sulphur of tho ore readily takes fire at
the bottom of the ore chamber, und in a few
noun communicates it to the whole mo,
of two men to fed aud discharge the furnace
twice a day -ay one hour each time and
the cot will be found to come within the
been nanueu aown that we are not ttio orig
inal posFCfsors of this laud, but came hither
from a distant region under the guidance of
a ruler who afterwards left us and returned.
We have ever believed that some day his de
cendants would return and resume dominion
over u. Inasmuch as you arc from that di
rection, which is toward the rising of thesun,
and serve so great a king as you describe, wo
believe that he Is also our natural lord, and
are ready to submit ourselves to him."
The gloomy wordA of NezahualcoyotI, a
lorrncr prince or Jezcuco, rorctelling tlie ar-
siiUin the application of auprhated steam which coutinue to burn with a cherry rel
A. E. DAVIS,
ATTORNEV AND COUNSEI.OR-AT-LAH',
Mobavc City, Arlzbn Territory.
V. P. HOWARD, lr. D.,
i'itvsicivr vxid surtoisoN-.
.JAMES P. BULL,
Dittrirt Clerk, U.S. CtmmiMloHer mut llteenkr,
IlarJyville, Mohave County, Arizona.
Will atUw.1, t aU iitm. la Ore dntit; of UMi,
Mornraj. Vvmrn-ot Hunmj, tc. ujlT
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN
Groceries ami Provision,
Clothing , Dnj-Ooodt, Hoot, Shoe, Jlah,
B77 At the old stand formerly occupied by B.
I'ohn, I.A PAZ, Arizona. tolS'M.
to afunutco lor roasting ore, in such a man
ner to cxn-1 the sulphur, arsenic, antimonv
and other volatile feuljstaiicef, by the chemi
cal dfoets of heat combined with the gaus
resulting I'nun the clecouiKsition of the steam
by Ira ted carbon, leaving the gold free and
in condition to be readily taken up by the
quicksilver. It was discovered by Dr. Hagan.
of Albany, New Vurk, n chumist of some rep
utation, and was introduced here two or three
ven ago. Several apparent failures have
heat until the sulphur, arsenic, antimony and
other combustible matter is driven otr m va
pornnd gMex through the chimney. The
supcr-hcatol Fleam is decomposed by being
dbebarged from the pi)es into the bed of
I coals in the flre-box, the hydrogen being fet
free, and oxygon uniting "with tho carbon,
j Tae hydrogen burns up and therein supplies
Me lurrmco with iuei lor rnartmg the ores,
and UiM)me extent, unite with the sulphur,
forming sulphuretted hydrogen eas. The
limits we have named. It requires no extra i rival of while And bearded men from tho
firemen, as we have statod before, and but , caet, who would wrest the wwer from tho
little steam ; and the two men mentioned ' hands of the rightful rulers and destroy in a
I mill four fifths of the time. No chemicals bis ears. Hut they were not so gloomy to
whatever are used. As an oiret to the ex- j the minds of his down-trodden subjects, for
pene of treating the ore with this furnace, that day was to liberate them from the thralls
I we find that five stamps will crush as much 0f servitude. Therefore when they first bo-
roasted ore in a given time as fifteen will of held the fair complexioned Spaniards, they
iue raw ore, anu iimeau oi wearing ou. me '
Iwttery rapidly, only gives it a good polish, i
Further still, the gold amalgamates more j
readily, and the eot ot quicksilver is appa
rentlv nothing. No sulpburcts have to be
concentrated, becaiiM they are all dwtroved
by the fumaoc. The Enterprise ore contains
molybdenum, which is indcitructable by fire,
ami of ooure pa..cs oil with the sand of the
tailings. The roasttm
leave a coating on the
its anmlgamaOon, as is shown bv the fact Uiat
occured during that time, by the attempt of oxygen having a greater ailinity Tor heated j copper plates in the batterv collect an unuu
tmsktlilul or niconitont persons to construct caroon timn lor oxygen, unites with it, lorm- ai propurtion oi the gold obtained),
tlie furnace and apply the steam. Tho Ta- j ing carlwnic oxide and cerbonie and gaes, ! The practical result at this mine, as al-
ctflc Ore Lotnjieny, of tins city, the present
owners of the patent, havo, however, con
structed one or two of iheso furnaces in this
State, and, worked thecn with micccm prior
to the building of this ono at the Knterprue
mine, but without attracting much attention.
To make a test which nbould remove all
doubts of its succom and estnWWi it claims
to popdar favor, the company common cd.
late in the fall of last year, the corns tmctkm
of ono ot tuene lurtiacfs at tue mill of the r.n
ready Matwi, is a yield of 400 per cent, above
lia Aftftiiv.i(t turiraii m Aft tftio PnfMrrirtiii nrn
i . Iit7 uiirai J n wv.-3. u . ae-uera '-
rushed into the water to embrace the prows
of their vessels, and despatched messengers
throughout the land to proclaim the return
The noble Mexican was not alone in his
presentiments. When Hernando de Soto on
landing in Peru first met the Inca Huarcar,
the latter related an ancient prophecy which
his father. Huayna Cnbnc, had repeated on
the ore docs not i his dyinc bed. that in the reicn of the thir-
gold. which prevents tcenth Inca, white men (viracvJin) of sur
passing strength and valor would come from
their father the Sun, and subject to their rule
j the nations of the world. "I command you,"
1 said tlie dying monarch, "to yield them hom
age and obedience, for they will be of a na
ture superior to ours." J he natives or Haiti
told Columbus of timilar predictions long an-
unite with a portion o
bustton to form common stetim which pae
terprie company at their own ex"ense and I off through the chimney. An oeattal con
risk, the latter company agreeing to accept i dition to the accompiixhmunt of the desired
the Miime and oar for construct ine it. if it 1 result is that the uicr-heated stoam sbill
which, in their highly heated state, form ox-,
uka, carbonate and sulphates with the bate
metals in the orr. after the latter has been , U the worst in the eountrv to reduce, it is
rendered soft and friable by the action of the i ufe to assume that the furnace will not be j terror to his arrival.
hydrogen. A jxirtKm of the oxygen unites e successful with other sulphuretores. In I When the name of Quetzacoatl was m
abu -.villi a portion of tho suinbtir, forming ! fact the proceM has been already tried upon ' longer heard from the teocalli of Cholula,
auphurotts acid which ri-s rnw kus off in nny dilferont elates of salphuret with per- , that of Montezuma took its place. From,
the form of vapor. Sutfkient air finds it ! feet socews in every case; and the proprie- ocean to ocean, and I from the river Gila to the
way mm tue rarnace u lumua onsen to i ton. oi tbe tateuv uo not noMUie to claim a i iearacua Uke, marlr ervrx atonztnal na-
f the hydrwen m com- victory over all. 3Ir. WllISam the Enter-1 Hon still cheri-.ru
shouhl result in saving fifty er cent, more
gold than tho ordinary mill proceM. The
deep snows and inclement weather of la.it
be discharged into the bed of coals without
oomin;: in contact with the air, licnec the ex
clusion of tbe latter from the furnace, except
winter, tho inaccowitbility or the mine to through the grate tindi-meatn me coats, in
teams at all times, and va'riou other cauen, i der such cirrumstances the air i decomposed
prercntwl the successful working of the fur-1 by the fire, its oxygen Iwing consumed by
nace until a few weeks ago, when a deeMre the combustion of the fuel and the hydrogen,
test was made by taking from the same pile j nd the nitrogen pasng through the furnace
of ore a tub of rock for the stamps and one unchanged. The heat produced in this fur
fer the furnace, alternately, until each had '. nace never reaches a high degree, cnequent
twenty tans for trial. The" raw ore was first . ly no slag is produced by melting the ilex
worked ly tho ordinary proceM for free gwkl. ! in the ore, nor any matt by the melting of
by an exiierienced amalgamator, yielding a 1 tho metal... The heat, as we have already
be the memory of Montezuma
priM? Company's efficient Sujerintendent j not as the last unfortunate ruler of a van
thinks that ores should contain at least two qUihcd state, but as the prince of their
per cent, of sulpburets to afford sulphur golden era, their Satumian age, lord of the
enough to maintain combustion and produce winds and waters, and founder of their insti
the chemical combinations ncesary to effect . tutions. When, in the depth of the tropical
complete dcsulphuration. This, however, is I forests, the antiquary disinters tome statue
merely an opinion, and probably ore contain-) 0f earnett mien, tbe natives whisper one to
ing les sulphurcts may be tbu treated with another, --Montezuma! Montezuma P1 In the
succoss, by mixing fuel with the ore to aid ! legends of New Mexico he is the founder of
combustion. At all events any ore would be the pueblos, and intrusted to their guardlan
madc more friable and easier worked in the j gliip the sacrtd fire. Departing, he planted
mill by the roasting. There is no strong a tree, and bade them watch it Well, for when
draft to this furnace to carry off the light that tree should fall and the fire die out, then
articles of gold, and the heat" is never suffi-, DC would return from the far East, and lead
dent to volatile either gold or silver. It Is his loyal people to victory and power. When
equally Iteneflcial in the reduction of silver the present generation saw their land glide,
Milpburets. lbe cot or constructing sucn a mile by mile, into the rapacious nanus oi tlie
fraction less than S5 Per ton and kninr about ! stated, is a cherry red heat, and is maintained . furnace in ordinary localities, will be about 1 Yankees when new and strange dbeaes
. .1 . . i . .. . . . .. .. .t I . t. . . . ...... - o 4n
W.OR SALE A
JT Applv to
r'f,cott, June 13, 1805.
NO. 1. COWS
A. G. DUNN.
KUSTEL & HOPMANN,
METALLURGISTS AND ASS A YE KS.
Goll and SiUer Bullion Atapd.
MINEKAI. ASSAYS AND ANALYSIS MADE.
Oil Commercial Street, San Franeiseo.
fiiWBB ani fiom Ohes worked In Biaill lots up
to a huuilred pounds, by CblorlnaUqn
and Other methods.
Sin Franchoo, CaL, June 27, im. JylSraO
two hundred jnunds ot quicksilver. '1 he i at mat stage uy tne use oi uie uamjers(
roasted ore was then enished and amalgama- placed in tbe Hues.
ted, yielding over Sl9 por ton and losing be- In working the furnace one engineer at
tween three and four twundsuf quielaihur. tends the fir, of both the furnace and boil
As this result vow eminently saUisfactory to , em, it Iteing neneasArr only to see that woiid
the Enterprise Company, and was more than j is supplied to the fire-boxes often enough to
a fulfillment of the contract, they cheerfully , maintain a bed of coals about the pipes where
accepted the furnace and assumed the ex-1 the steam escape?.. After it k once filled and
pomte of iu construction. The ore of that set agoing, it should be kept up night and
mine being the most relwllious known to ex- ( dny without ceasing, as long as poMbie. Al
it in this State, this triumph is a complete . ter it ha.s burned two or three days from the
victorr over all classes ef Milnhuret on ox- start tlie services of two men are required
Utln- in our mines. every twelve hours to withdraw one-sixth of
The furnace in this case consists of a body ' the roasted ore from the bottom of the fur
of masonry twelve feet square at the foun-) nace, and fill in the same quantity of fresh
dalion, and running up to the hight of twenty-' ore at the ton. This operation takes but a
four feet, tapering slightly, with a stack or i short time loss than an hour. It is effected
chimnoy ricing from one corner to the hight j by opening the iron doors of the diharges
of about twenty feet. In the centre, and two i tlrt on one side ami raking out wmie of the
r.w.i from ihi. Wtom. commences a round ore i ore. then iroini to the opixwito ornin' and
chamber, five, feet and three inches in diame
ter, lined with fire-brick and rising to tho
if 2,000 to which must be added the royalty desolated their homes finally, when in 1840
demanded by the owners ot the patent. A the sacred tree was prostrated, and tbe guar
larger one would cot proportionately less, dian of the holy tire was found dead on its
The Enterprise ore is roasted thre days, but , cold ashes, thon they thought the hour of de
Mr. Williams thinks two days sufficient. The ' hverance had come, and every morning at
writer formed tbe opinion from his oberva- earliest dawn a watcher mounted the 1hmc
tion, that by red lifting ia Ofe to tggSax, il j topmmlgarcdlongandanxioufJyin thelight
may be fully treated in twenty-four hours, as cning east, hoping to descry tbe noble form
some of the Enterprise ore came from the of Montezuma advancing through the room
furnace in lumps so large as to require break-1 ing beams at the head of a conquering army.
ing oclore they couio. te lea to to me stamps.
II i only necessarv that sumcient space
Arming. We clip tbe following from tho
Cleveland Herald, a paper that is neither an
I alarmist, nor docs it deal in sensations :
"It is stated that the State authorities of
rl!litnkMinlnR 'l llollclalm Dft.l.,
S pre I I unit lirnrral Iowcr-of-.ltorney,
lr., for ttte at tlr Mlnrr Office.
-Hoiitizumu Street, Pre.scott,
ITAV1N0 RE-FITTED THIS COMMODIOUS
I I ll.H tor h rwjrtWio cum. rwW? ""I
ifa.ot 1 wl.h Ut iMMire wjr fri"fc4 nwt tho imblM, tUrt
4 nv itit.ntwn to nk mjr u Uum U all who
ui Unit ia wUU Ur fMme. TtW n4 uw Immm
m n b ktnt la tui unlurlr uiauw. awl evsry luiury
' f'keioaArl will le tttS m lu tiMe.
llimnl lor Hk. la ftarrMWV. SI"!'"
uiglo JlmU, roeh,
hight of twenty feet. This ore chamber is
drawn in gradually as it ri.-e, to a diameter
of four feet nino inches, and arched at the
top to an opening two feet six inches in di
ameter, which is covered with a closely fit
ting cast-iron lid. Its capacity is estimated
to bo twonty-ono tons, leaving a space atthu
top vacant for two flues which start from op
iwsite sidoa and about two feet below the
lid, and run horizontally to the bae of tho
himnev. Those flues are about two feet
repeating the operation, while water Is thrown
uKn the hot ore that bos lon withdrawn,
to cool it so that the men can return and
rake out more ore. Thus the men draw the
ore from one side to tho other until the de
sired quantity is withdrawn, when the doors
are closed tightly and ftstericd ncuurcly until
the next drawing. Ilufore drawing out any
ore, half a dozen or more iron rod sare driven
between the upper side of tbe opening and
an iron cro.s-lmr,M as to project n few inches
into the mass of ore in the chamber, and hold
it up while that beneath is withdrawn. Whon
should be left to permit the passage of the
gases up through tbo ore to the chimney, j
The whole process is remarkable for its sim
plicity, yet experience will doubtless suggest .
many improvement ... 4UC ulun--. c . Mwlotlti h.e broupht into and distributed
to inspect :tt opera urns, niieu w.tn oounu y . , h
suggested by cLemutry and pracUcal cxpe- B 1 d f Q & h
nence in mmmp, and can.e away thorough I fiftthousand stands were brought fntoSt,
converted. h iteverj by K w ,en ' Uni. acro the rircr In ikiffs nd are now
raise again t this procos. must give way to Mmcwhero near the arsenal. These
actual rCUItS SUCn M we WlWJt-l. , ..:. ml t .ntirirtinr,
, of an outbreak at the coming election. It is
j rejxJrted that the Democrats are making sim-
hiirh an-J one loot wiue. constnicieo oi wm- v u s . T
mon brick, and oaoh having a damper to close j drawn, so as to let the oreuown to tue ooi
t. near the chimncv. At the base of tho ore torn and make room for freh ore at the top
chamber arc four onings, one in each side The work ol drawing tue ere is severe am
,',.....-!.:". i. r f ri- hin vcrv wann win e it lasts, but a hose placel
ni II1H lull K ,UIIJ, U( IIIU"M.l-nwin, .w...B
lVrtnott, OstubrrS, ItCd.
GOOD VRKNCll I1UBAD,
E-CEbLE.S'T PIES, CAKES, ttc.,
Madp by Carlo Lopez, o Ilrst-clMS baker and
rntrjx'ooU, Imo of HermoslIlo, Sonora, will be
on hand and for sale,
At aCIIKOJDEU'S HAKEKY,
Mootezuma Street, 1'rescott. on and a;
August 10, lbOS, ANTONIO VtWJ
MA!f.ft I (SVY.y..
I'm scott, August 16", 155.
conveniently soon oools the burning ore and
u ..... . .! ... ti.. mi;.,,, ;., K,.
raising the iron lid which c!oes tho top ol
the ore chamber, and raking in the. raw ore
which has been previously placed convenient
ly for that purpose. It occupies but a few
moments time and is attended with no incon
venience from the fumes of the Imniing ore,
as they do not ri'e alwve tho opening, but
pass off through the flues into the chimney.
The lid being again put down is luted, or
closed tightly, by covering with sand, so that
no fumes escape. And here wo may add, that
and other obnoxious fumes from the burning
ore, as they all pass off freely through tho
chimney stack and are dissipated in tho at
mosphere above. This furnace, being of about
about two feet high by two and a half wide.
Two ot these, on opposite siuen, are usoii as
llro-boxos for the application of the super
heated stenm and tho small quantity of fuel
consumed. The other two are for drawing
out the roasted ore, and are fitted with iron
doors for closing tightly. Fire-bridges, or
partition.-, &re i-oDstructeil oi wen standing
upright, three or four inches apart, to sepa
rate tho tlro-boxos from the ore chamber and
prevent the ore from running into the ure
boxes. In tbo top of these fire-boxM are
placed the coiled or curved pipes in which tho
.tnnm I boated. Those connect Willi a scries
of iron pipes resting on tho fire-grates, a jew
inches apart, and pierced with small holes for
tho escape of tho super-heated stonm into tho
fire. The fire-boxes arc provided with iron
doors for closing tightly, so as to exclude the
air as much as possible. Steam is conducted
from tho boilor of tho engino which drivos
tho stamps and other machlnary, to these
fireboxes, by means of small pities, the
quantity used for Mipcr-boating being com-
twenty-ono tons capacity, three and a half
tons of roasted ore, as nearly as
In summing up the economical results of
guess, arc drawn out every iwcnu
forbids indulgence in the exprevsinn of any
sanguine estimates we migat make oi tue
immenc importance of this discovery, and
Ju probable effect upon tho future prosjterity
of the mining interests of the country. Our
readers arc free to do so at their leisure.
Our Socth-wmtkhsc TERnrromrs. A
few years ago the geography of our South
western Territories conveyed the ides of an
immense desert, equaling'in extent and bar
renness the great Sahara, and filled with des
olation and death like the wastes of Tartar'.
Rut the forbidden sands have proved grains
of gold, and tho noxious dust that stilled the
first adventurers has become a silver lining
to many a miner's basin. Nevada, Colorado,
Montana, Idaho, and Wyoming, have each
leen chipped in turn from the vast arena,
and each Iwar products not less fabulous
than Onhir. Never was transformation so
complete. When Morse and Mitchol regaled
our schoolboy days with descriptions or half
a continent lost in sterility, and irajienetra-
ble because of its heat and dust and storms,
they little dreamed that even their own pens
would have opportunity to repeat the fable
that what what they had touched had turned
to gold Apjlttm't R. R Guile.
Dr. Holland writes concerning the death
of Adah Isaacs Menken: "A story is current,
which I give for what it is worth, that she
laid a wager sho could drink a given quanti
ty of whiskey, won the bet, and died."
Green Itivcr City has taxable property to
the amount of S109.700.
A.v exchange says: "The enormous sum of
five hundred and forty thousand pounds was
remitted by the Irish in America to their rel
atives in Ireland during the past year. Of
this sum two hundred and two thousand
pounds were transmitted as return passage
orders. Since 1848 the Irish in America
have transmitted fourteen millions and a half
pounds sterling to Ireland."
Printed matter, such as books, pamphlets,
etc., is now carried in the mails at same rates
as newspapers. Heretofore, letter postage
has been charged upon books, etc., sent to
the Pacific States and Territories from tho
Tue Salt Lako Xtvet tells a story of a young
roan who lost his mules by Indian thieves in
Wyoming, followed tho Indiana, on foot, 100
miles, and recaptured the mules. Wc believe
this story, notwithstanding, etc, etc
Til c Augusta. (Georgia) Chronicle thinks
iU State good for tho Democracy by about
It is said that Dr. Franklin introduced
broom corn into this country.