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Aggm " A WTy flAT ft
i'LHMrtllKl) EVERY SATURDAY MORNING.
At vm n, Yavapai Uotrrrv, Abizoxa.
TERMS 01' SIJIISCKII'TION:
On Copy, Gnu Vwr. $7 00
' Pit Months 4 00
" " Thrco Month, 2 50
?lngk- CopitM, 25
RATES OF ADVERTISING:
t)nc qnri on limn, fJUW; raeh mlilllloml
r.,ni', r,l -7). Each additional square, wine rate.
V Itt.'Tu! discount will be made to persons con
t'niiici; ttn- same advertisement for three, six, or
t Uf months.
Professional or business cards Inserted upon
ri .kc')n4lil terms.
Xlift.fyal Tender Xotti tnkn at pur in payment
fur tulcriitimtt tuiwtittny ami jab tevrk.
Term, Invnrliilily In iitlviinre.
JOHN It MAKIOX
..IIB.VJ. It. WBAVKIt.
Directory of Yavapai County.
Ii .'r . t Jih1 VM. TraniR,
Vt ltr Jn.ie- IlRZKktAII 1IROOKS,
Ii,.-ri. t Attom Jims M. Hot'STana,
-iT A. J. MOOML
1 ltft!r JOHK II. liKHAN,
I ',Tr----.r-r WlLLUM CoT,
t .era ( Uiir.cl VuU I!. W. WSIXB, J.
TT.KM8 OP COfHTSt
,.wiCmtt-l'W3lfcrl ilsjr, and TUnl Mm-
r c.Mirt Vint Maeaajy in January, AjM, Jalj-
a " ''" .
IKlAItt) Ot" SUt'lSRVISOriS!
I, U Cow II J. ft. Camptwll, P. H. WoMhriirfc.
' ,.r I w i1k I'lwt MoAy ta January, April,
JJ ST1CKS )! TItK TRACK
Sam -it I liUir. VV UnramL
Business & Professional Cards.
.1. P. II A 11(2 Hit V 12,
MT!IKY AND COUNSKL0K-AT-I.AW,
M ntrzutMa street, I'resvou, Arizona.
rTRNEY AND COUNSBLOR-AT-L
A. E. DAVIS,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSBLOR-AT-LAW,
Mohave City, Arizona Territory.
F. P. HOWARD, M. D.,
iitvsicrjvx axx) stjuojcon-.
J A3 IKS P. J1ULL,
DMrirt Clerk, U. S. CvimUimfir ami JUmrder,
Hardyvltle, Mohave County, Arizona.
Will attond. at all W. U Ow arawtaff If4,
McVf!M. IWif Attoray, 4c 17W
WI10I.ESAI.K ASH HKTA1L DKALEU TN
Groceries nml Provisions,
("Shiny, Dry-QuotU, JlooU, Shorn, Halt, if.,
Bj7" At the old Mand fonserly oeepll hv IJ.
mi. I. A 1.V7M ArUotw. felS'te.
KUSTEL & nOFMANN,
METALLURGISTS AND ASSAYKRS.
G-M ami SUtr HuUton Amaytl.
UA'KUAL ASSAYS AND ANALYSIS MADE.
Oil Commercial Strwit, Smi Kruieiof.
avrn asd Oolij Ohbs workel In mU lots up
to a hundred jMHind, by Chlodtiatleii
aud other metboda,
Pan Franclco, Col., June 2f, 150S. JylSinO
t-pHlunlt Itiilnc anil flullcliilm Uerda,
Sjirrlat mill (iinrrnl I'liiii-r.-of-Attonity,
lr., for mile ill tlir Jllnrr Otirr.
E W A It It A IV G E M E aV T !
GOOD PltKNOH 1IHBAD,
EXC ELLENT VIES, CAKES, ths..
Mid- !y Carlo Loi-c. a flrM-k lMkr nd
r uiry . ,ok, lrn of Hermowlllo, Bonoro, uill lw
on hand and for wle,
AT SCHIHEDEH'S BAKERY,
MoMczumn Stret. l'rcott, on and after Sunday,
ngut 10, lhtt-i. ANTONIO ViWANUEKA.
I'rewyjtt, Ausun V. ISW-
IN lIUCi:S OP I.U3IHKP,
At the ISTew Sa-AV-Mill!
THK WIM.OW ClllJKK HAWMtMi COMPANY
' anwiii.e that tlieir Mill. iHoato im
W'l lil.OtV VKEEK,
l'ir Jlttr Wct fmm I'n-wi.tt, l now einnptnti nn-1 rna
' an'l that Mng krat! In Ilia mtUt uo itMi.lv
i"fil pjl HD tlnltrr. lhy r rnaWr.1 t waVeawl
J ' 'l t ut lumlr tr friu 13 In S'.J T Owuiatxl
' an lifrrtrn; (kirgetL Yor loitaaie, w 1
f "1 IuiiiInt u 1mm h4itir M ! f, fur 3, iwl
fhr qiulitir at unii raUi if rr-luction.
nawti Ut an4 fntta th nifll.
n alow ticik, Octutor S3,
IMUiSCOTT, ARIZONA. SATURDAY MORXIXK,
piONEEIt DRUfi STOItE.
On hand ami for Hiiln,
HhWh Jlaliumor tiie fuxgt,
(yor1 CVrfrry 1'tctoral,
OryoT India Ctiolagogut,
JlrmtmU Jitmnici Gimjtr,
J'errv fiuritt Vain Killer,
Ooodalt't Catarrh Htvudy,
Itrovm1! llnmthial Tnekn,
Jlrym,i PtUwmie l(V"i
Dr. J)emnt,it J'Uei fAfmyt,
Keating' Cmigk "
Jayttft Patent Mtdicina,
And, In feet, fnll eMortmrat of ell the l'atont
Mettlclne tMamlly foond In drtig ntores.
ToUd Swi, Fancy Article, Perfumery,
And a Urre opply of I)ljlnf; Medldnen.
N. H. Phylcko' prescriptions carefully and
aecsralHy eotnM)Hiidd. (i. I). KENDALL.
VW Dr. KmiWI'i oakwIn rr oi Dreg fin.
I'reca4t, April l, ISO?.
WORMSER & CO.,
Wholesale ami Retail Merchants,
LA PAZ niul I'ltKSCOTT, Arizona,
.... Dl'.Ar.KIlS IK ....
Groceries, PrerkiioiM, Clothing, IJootir, Shoes,
Liquor, Crockerj', Hardware, Farming
and Mining Imp!einnt, etc.,
rULL THE ATTENTION OE THEIR OLD
y nioiieer ftirnd end the nablle trmnallv to
their new and plendht aMoruneut of coodn, re
erntly purcht, by one of the Arm, In Sen Kratt
eWo, and now on band at their ctorea In I 1'ai
0r u tll Mid w for yourselves. Wcarc
not relUng for rnlnon prirra ; oar inouo te and
1 been, " Live and 11 Ltve."
Our lock In Ia Paz I acknowledged by all
whs hare amn'and examined It, to be
THE LAKOEST AND REST
Afortment of iftxxlj erw brought to that place.
Merebanu, larmrrs, miner and others, wiMnt;
to prehae Koodi, would do well to give u a
eall, before purchaiai.' ejfi'here.
WORMSER fc CO.
mylC I-i Pax and Frteofi, Arlaooa.
32. -J. COOK,
WHOLESALE AXI) RETAIL DEALER IK
Hoots and Shoe,
Iron, Kails, Quicksilver,
Tobecoo Wgarn, ota,
It prpard to famtth the people all kinds ot
Merchandise, for Cash,
At reasonable rato, at the
Comer of G rani to aud Curley Streets.
1'reseott, Arizona, June 27, l&Vi.
GRAY & CO.,
WHOLESALE AND It ETA I L MERCHANTS,
At La Pax ami Prcscott.
.... DEAMIRS IN ....
GitocBitiDs, Provisions, Olotiiisc, otc
Wish to osll attention to the large aaaortnwnt ot
Now on band at thalr Store in l'rewott.
WARaI AND COLD
At Montozuraa Hall, Prcscott
tfibavlflr, HatrCutOap. ete.. to tlio nvt amov
JaSw. THKODOltlt OTTO,
NO. I. COWS
A: Apply to
Proscoti, June IS, 1S02.
Life Among tho Apaches.
Ihj Jo!,n C. Crummy, InUrprtter to the U. S.
Ihnmkry Communim, ntuler titt Hon. .Jin
Jl li'trhlt in mid, '50 and '61, nml hite
Major of Cfilifvrnia VolmUer Citalry, ope
rating in Arixnm, New Mttim, 7'exat, and
"We tender to Col. Cremonr our nincero
concern for the treatment hit book will in
evitably receive from the philanthropic and
Ohrfstinn prww of the Eatrn States and the
civilized world. Dealing in facts that are
patent to CTerr frontiownian but ncarculv
arodible to the denizens of old establUhetl
n i '
communities and stating temely and forcil.
iuo argument that the onlv cure for the In
dian question is extermination of the Indian,
In the interest of a superior race and a pro
gressive civilization Col. Cremony will be
met with a storm of indignation agaimrt his
niuuyow. aim Trim a
contemptuous sneer ;
at his veracity a a recorder of jiersonal ad- sound. He is mistaken m supiosirg or say
venture. The "Society for the amelioration ing that he is alone tho depository of the
of the condition of the Indians" will hail j confidence of the Apaches, or single in his
tne two as another evidence of the Urbari-
ty and falsehood of the " white man," and of
the docility, hospitality, Christian and for
giving character of the Indian.
When "Mowry'a Arizona ad Sonora" was
published by the Harpers, three years since,
a !istiaguit.hed divine criticiflng it in The
Ckurekman, after admitting fits valne as a
genuine contribution to geogiphic and scion
tiflc knowledge, said of ite treatment of the
Apache qiwutiuu: "Is this a writer in a
Christian land 7n Let Uol. Cremony, there
fore, summon all bw philoeophy, and 1 pre
pared to And himself writum down a heathen
and a barbarian, out of the pale of mercy
The main cU in CoL Cretaooy's book are,
within our knowledge, accurately stated.
The incident of persona! ad vim tare with one
exception have many parallels, ami are even
exceeded in the element of the almost mi
raculous. The sceptical reader may, there
fore, lay aside his doobts. CoL Cremony has
not done hintseif justice in the style uf his
book ; a little of th IAmm kiLr, wfcieh for so
practiced a writer was my, and should not
have called for this correction, would have
added much to his cilectiretie. There are
constant repetitions of what he will cxidain
in another chapter; a want of coherence In
the plan, and a loocaees of language occa
sionally dropping into careless inverted sea-
Uncus, and n doubtful grammar which are
Sggetlve of the haste of the "local" of the
daily pre, awl unworthy the character of a
book which is ambitious, no? only to sell but
to make fame. The description of a band-to-
band ht on the Gila River, (pp. 133, 134
is especially faulty, in the repeated attempt
to explain the author's feelings; it naked
statement of the fight and the situation was
all that was needed. The imagination of the
reader would supply the rest. There are
tome careless errors which deserve condem
nation, beewnso they are Mtnply careless. Ca-
vallo Impelo, the old war chief of the Yunus,
was never known as the u Naked Horse," but
the "Hare-backed Horse."
Col. Cremony U at fault in his statement
in regard to the cnJtUatioB of crops by the
Apache north of the Gila and on the A moor
Two crops a year were raised by these Indi
ans the principal one of com, to be con
verted iu to "fe-ena,"a genuine bat rough
sort of whisky.
Though the Apache never read Hyron, ur
has worked out of hit "innate coiucioujneW
that jrarfbtind truth
" The best of life Is but intoxication,
Man being reasonable mast get drunk."
When the U. S. Indian Agent, tan years ago,
issued at Ajiache Pass a largo qnantity of
corn to the bands with whom ho had made
treaty, the Indians immediately carried It oil",
distilled it in their rude way into -sm,"
and as proof of their gratitude and apprecia
tion of their Great Father, stole all the cat-tlo-on
the Sonoita, attacked the overland mail,
and murdered every small party of Americans
who, believing in the treaty, ventured to
travel or to prosjiect.
The summary of Mangos Colorado's char
acter is appreciative and just, but the slight
mention of Chew, better known in Arlaoiia
as tt-cAi, w an error. No chief within tho
limits or tho United States has inflicted so
much effective and deadly damage to tho
frontier in modern times as has Cheiss. Com
bining groat personal bravery with fine strat
egy and admirable tactics, ho almost invari
ably "whips the fight" with small loan to
bis band. On two or three occasions, how
over, he has come to gnof with groat loss,
and in one oncountor, when ho numbered at
least two hundred men to seven, he lost ovor
fifty warriors, was himself shot through tho
body, and had his arm rondorotl useless for
life. Ho said of this fight, that if ho had a
thousand of suoh men as thoio seven Ameri
cans, lie would held Arizona against all the
NOVEMUBR 7, ISfti.
Col. Cremonr' ndvico to tavollingpartie.",
his Bupxestioni of caution untiring and cease
less, Lia warnings nga'iist underrating the
Indian enemy, are valuable and timely. His
study of tho IndUn's ollensive and defensivo
character is graphic, correct, earnest and not
too highly colored. In this respect alone,
the book must prove of groat service to any
sensible man living on the frontier or who
projoso to visit it.
His quotations, however, arc sometimes
infelicitous and common-place, and often
It was not I'elllsiiT w!m mailp thn
famous mot in reference to the charge of tho I
t i,.i.f i!rfn.i . . it i i i. x 1
Light Ungade at Ralaclava. 1 1 was Bosquet.
iho net is also incorrectly given. "C'est i
magnifique mais c'nest pas la Kuorre," were i
the words. Hie jiroface to the book is tho
worst jisrt of it, and it was only by a careful
reading that we corrected our first judgment,
that Col. Crrmonv was iiretentiotis nml tin.
knowledge of their language and character.
"limon McLean" knew them far belter
language, manners, habits, life; and every
man, woman and child in Arizona Ajwche,
Mexican or American from lB-5 to 1863,
knew this to be true. We think Col. Cre-
tnony is something wild in his estimate of
tho number of Apaches. " Marcial," a cele
brated chief of the Apaches, mentioned at
length in "Arizona and Sonora," gives a far :
diUerent idea, as did also Mclean, We are
a little staggered by Col. Cremony's state
ment of tlie structure of tho Apache lang
uage; but as he is so good a linguist, we arc
afraid he has bis reviewers at a disadvantage. !
At least, that his theory is impregnable, is i
well illustrated, by the anecdote of the noted
advocate of New Orleans Mazureau who
was retained by the heirs of a foreigner to
secure their rights under the will of their
relative, the State of Louisiana having re
tained all the leading members of the bar to
endeavor to escheat the estate on the ground
of fraud. Mariirnan mtuvim! hi imimcnt
with these word:- " Les homines qui amas-
sent ! graades fortunes seme les proc qui
, , '
germiront aprcs leurs morte. Such was the
remark of the philosophic Indian."
Some days after, Mazureau's son said to
him, Papa, I do not find that philosophic
Indian in these books." "L1 Indian c'est
mot," said Mazureau, with a gesture worthy
of the Theatre Imperial. But bow did you
dare to say it," persisted his son. " Recauso
they did not dare to contradict mo." Wc
arc quite content to believe that Col. Cre
mony's theory, that the most nomadic tribe
in the world has a thoroughly constructed,
elastic and fruitful language, will be a puzzle
to the ethnologists; we are equally ready to
leave him to the sturdy defence which Mazu
reau gave to Ida quotation fmm the philo
m. .1.. . i !-
us to indnlgf in quotation from CoL Cremo
r rv iminsawi in niifl'iiinns imm i 11 rMrnii.
ny's book. He has done a good thing in giv
ing us a truthful picture of the Indian as he
is, and not as he apjiears to the milk-and-water
imagination of the Christian philanthro
pist who has never cyme in intact with him.
The vigor and teRe of the last chapters are
worth v of the bfchest praise. If Col. Cre
mony had taken as much pains with the style
of the narrative as he has with that of his
deductions and reflections, lie would have
; done uiniMm more justice, auu ejru us the
apparent but necessary harshness oi some of
the previous remarks. "Life among the
Apachos " wo heartily commend to our read
ers', with tho assuraneo that they will in
omnsemont and instruction be the gainers,
and thnnk us for our advice.
CoL Cremony's conclusions, logically drawn
from his facts and the oxperience of many
joars, of wasted millions and countless lives,
may bo summed up in three brief fontences.
The reservation system is an exploded hum
bug. The man who nys ho is not afraid of
an Indian is a liar or a fool. The only good
Indian is a dead one.
The book hi fairly printed in good type.
SyUtr Muttry, im S. F. Omriand Mtttthty.
Texas must be a good country to emigrate
from, just now. Two sets of Radicals, it ap
pears, rule tho State, and in order to live
high and feel good, thoy levy special taxes of
frnm 1.1 t "0 pants on tho S100 to nav them
for tho limo spoilt ill wrangling at tho Capi -
tal, trying to make a new negro constitution,
That pink of rascality, Gen. Hamilton, for -
merlv flro-oatcr. socossionlst. but now Radi
cal poodle, draws pay as Judge of tho Su
preme Court, Memborof tho Convention, otc.
Wore it not for the U. S. Soldiers stationed
in tho State it would be entirely in the hands
of tho Radicals, tho Coraancbes and tho
d 1. Poor Texas.
Spirits of hartshorn
from a coat collar.
will remov greaso
A Letter from Commissioner Wilson.
Dkpaktmknt or Tin: Interior.
! General Land Olllcc, Aup. lsL, 1808.
RcgUltr and ItAcirer, V. S. Land Office, Cen
tral ylomUi Territory ;
Gkntlemew : In reply to your letter of
the 2i)d ultimo, asking instructions in refer
ence to what are called " water powor claims"
in Colorado, you are informed that the fith
section of the mining act of July 20, 1866,
maintaias and protects tho owners of such
claims, whenever by priority or jMttttUm,
rights to the use of water for mining, agri
cultural, manuiacttinng, or other
"ae vested and iiccnitil, and the same arc
tecnZnb! ad acknowledged by the local
custom?, Jaws, and the decision of courts,
To makc gu'ch a cIain, 0(m1 under tho Mt
the right to the use of the water must havo
accrued (1) by priority or pos-sion.
1 Tt. mint fw n rif.t,t mpirmiT.il tit- itin In.
cal mining customs, or customs pertaining to
a. I he right must lurtlier be recognized by
I the laws of the State or Territory in which
I tho claim may be located,
i A. It must be farther recognized and aus
I tained by the decision of the Courts of such
j State or Territory.
Y ben a claim of this kind is sanctioned by
the local customs, the laws and the decision
of the Courts of the State or Territory, tho
owner cannot bo disturlcd in his jxissesiion,
no matter whether the adjo;ning land has
been returned as minora! or agricultural, nor
can his improvement be appropriated by olh
cr claimants under the pre-emption or home
As the risht vested in the owner under tho
9th section is an extraordinary one, differing
essentially from the systems of water rights
existing.cither under the common or civil
laws, bc4iig In fact an auamalous system, bas
ed upon the peculiar wants and condition of
things fdund in some of the mining States and
1 erntonw, it will lc necessary for the claini-
ant to show that this new system has been
ailopteti in the Mate or lemtory as tuo
law upon the subject of water rights, by leg
islation at the adjudications or the highest
Courts. The mere sanction of the local cus
toms Is not enough, as the act require the
further sanction of the law and the decision
of the Courts.
This office would not undertake to fasten
upon a State or Tcrritorr, by issuing a patent
or patents. under said 0th section, a system so
1 r-wnti11v alT!titr its local tirnnrietarv inter-
esti wjtMit the same having been first adop-,
i ttJ(a "P" Jf
! systems by the proper departments of tho
gtate j- Territory itself; and any cWmant
j applying under said section would be rcquir-
wl to produce full and satisfactory proof or
such adoption by the State or Tcrritorr.
In mining districts where the land has been
returned as mineral, such claims might bo in
cluded in mining patents as the -reasonable
quantity of surface ground for the convenient
working of the mines, allowed by the act of
July 26', 1S6G; and the fact of not Iietng ad
jacent to the vein or lode, would not contra
vene the pirit of the act, if the local cus
toms recognize such aright as incident to tho
j occupancy of a mine.
nhcro extensive im
provements have been made on theso water
claims on lands returned as agricultural, tho
water being useful for irrigation, might be in
cluded in a patent for agricultural land
under the pre-emption or homestead laws,
where the necessary facts existed in other re-
rnt:Cl. me ireo
l he right to the exclusive use of tho
1 water, however, will only begranted after tho
i , r i.
proof above mentioned has been satisfactori
The doctrine of exclusive posession by vir
tue of prior occupancy, referred to in the 9th
section of the act, has been fully adopted in
California, by numerous decisions in the Su
preme Court, and apjiear to have received
legislative sanction in Nevada. Whether any
action has been taken by the legislative orju
dicial deportments in Colorado is not known
at this oilke. At all events, any owner of
such water claim, in a condition to ask for a
jKitent, is in a condition to maintain himself,
for thi proiMsnt, without a patnnt, ajjaintt all
advorse claimants, under the protection ex
tended to him by the act itself,
Resjx-ctfully, your ob't serr't.
Jos. S. Vk iuox, Commissioner.
Changed its Titne. While the Governor
was in the "Prcscott country," the ArUonian
was as mild and non-combative as a sucking
dove, but since his return to Tucson, tbo
cigarrito organ has again taken to pulling tho
Mi.vcb in regular billingsgate style. Now,
we don't propose to give tho organ any moro
notoriety than we can help.
It also pitches into Dr. Alsap, accuses him
of writing untruths about its town, and
has the unblushing effrontery to assail his
character, when all who know him know that
it is above roproaoh and far superior to that
of the hire-ling who attacks It. lie quotes
from tho Dr's letter, as published in the
Mix r.ii, and, although he, the editor, is as ig
norant of grammar aud orthography as a
Herroossillo peon, takes advantage of a typo-
! graphical error in the printed letter in order
i to make u po'mL Such modes of tUck Lavo
1 long since ceased to be rnado uso of by gen-
tlemen, and tho editor who Indulges In them
niust, indeed, bo a low-bred ignoramus, or,
as his subscribers term him, an idiot.
Postmaster Ges'l RASOJiLL.has, in con
formity with tho recent Act of Congress, is
sued orders to his subordinates to send to tho
Deed Letter Office all letters, circulars, etc.,
concerning lotteries, gift concerts, and tirai