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AT 1'ltMfHjTT, YAVAPAI Cof.VTT, AlttZOXA.
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BATES OF ADVERTISING:
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A liberal discount will lio made to jwrsdiis con
iiiuunt; the same advertisement for three, six, or
Professional or business card inserted upon
r issuable terms.
ff Isgal Teiuler .Votes taken at par in payment
fm lubtcription, mhcrtiiing and Job icerk.
Terms, luvurlulil)- la nilvmice.
JOHN II M Alt ION nitXJ. II. WKAVKIL
l'libllsbrn and Proprietor.
Directory of Yavapai County.
iv iitp j'iJei
1 1 ftn. t AU'Ttm-v
h iiiir ... .'.
t i:tv IlnHinler
( luiity Trturt'r
t.. rk ofDWrVt Ctmrt, . .
W"M. V. Ti-Hxr.it.
. ...JOIIX it. HOCYTHKB,
a. j. jioohi-
John ii. IIkiian,
i:. w. wisua jr.
Tr.It.MS OV C0U11TS:
Jlri.-I Coiirt rirnt Monday U May, awl TMtd Mon
n O. r.
it ti- I .Mirt Vint Momlnya In Janunry, April, July
i, i (.( bor
IlOAim OK fiL'lT.nVISOItS:
r, le IVrni-tl John O. CnmpWl 11. Wiimlerllph.
IVunl inm-tn on tlie K(rt Momlay in January, April,
anil Ootolxr. at I'reKwtt.
ji sticks oi' Tin: peachi
smil II lll.iir Orarg W. lUrnanl.
Business & Professional Cards.
Dr. J. 1ST. McCANDLESS,
I'HYKICIA.V AXI SUIM3KOX,
(Late of the U. 8. Army,)
1! s.-rri'-Mi to the popb of I'mentt nwt vWnltr
. fiHiml, at all Ivmft, eirfpt whwi profrMlonalfr
.vl athio.Tic fn Allen lc White's tr, Montezuma
I'mnni, November 1W.
J. V. IIARGRAVE,
ATTORNEY AND CO UN3EL0R-AT-L A W,
Montezuma street, I'roscott, Arizona.
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR-AT-LAW.
- A. E. DAVIS,
ATTORNEY AND C0UN5Ef.0U-AT.LAW,
Mohave City, Arizona Territory.
1 J HOWARD, M. !).,
1'IXYSICL.YX AXD SUUCrJCOK.
JAMES 1 BULL,
frf Qtrk, U.S. Commmioner ami Ibeanlcr,
Hardyvillo, Mobavo County, Arizona.
W '1 alleml, at nil tlm, to Uw drnwto? of DmU,
. .. ... ... .1TYJ1
MOLTiSAIiE AND RETAIL DEALER IX
Groceries nml Provisions,
'".'iiny, Dry-Good, BooU, Shoe, JMf, tr.,
C&r At the old utand formerly occupied by n.
( lin, ItX lX7., Arizona. felfftW.
KUSTEL & H0FMANN,
METALLURGISTS AND ASSAYERS.
Gold and Silcer Hull ion. Attaytd.
MINERAL ASSAYS AND ANALYSIS MADE.
Oil Commercial Street, San Franclseo,
Eiuvr.n ani 5ou) Ones worked In email lou up
to a hundred pounds, by Chlorlnatlon
and other methods.
Sun Francisco, Cal., Juno 27, 16(8. JylSmO
Ktcll ami GcncrMl ! er-or-.Vtorncy,
It., fur anle lit the Miner OlUcc.
GOOD FRKJCU CREAD,
EXCELLENT VIES, CAKES, etc.,
Made by Carlo Lopez, n flrsUlais baker and
pwry-cook, late or Hormowlllo, Sonora, will be
n hand and for sale,
At 8CHU(EDER'S BAKERY,
Montezuma Street, Treiscott, on and after Sunday,
Augiut 10, 18CS. ANTONIO ViWANUERA.
I fwcott, August 15, 1603.
I rcscoit, June 12, 1563.
NO. I. COWS
A. G. DUNN,
JMtKSTOlT, ARIZOXA, SATIIR!)Ay1i0ujN(, "koVEMKKR II, MGX.
Gossip from San Francisco.
HIOM AN OM) AUIZOSIAX.
San- I'iuncisco, Oct. 20, 1808.
Ir.Ait Minim: Since the .late or my last
letter, San Francisco has had a tcrriblo visl-
"tiuu. i sunn not attempt to givo vou tl
Till! (1H HAT KAItTIHJUAKi:,
m you will find them in your San Frnnciico
cxcliangos. Although, in those nccounU, tho
matter is sought to be smoothed over as much
as possible, and tho damage done is very much
belittled. You will not need to be told in this
voracious correspondence, that this city has
bad a very clojo call that at six minutes to
eight o'clock in (he morning of tho 21st, a
largo portion of San Francisco trembled near
the abyss of ruin. Tho truth of the matter
is simply this : the recent j;reat shock was by
far the most severe that has been experienced
since the occupation of the country by Amer
icans. The portion of tho city built upon
" made ground " was very greatly damaged ;
and the ontire population of San FrancUco
were panic-stricken. Some buildings were
shaken down; almost all brick buildings be
low Montgomery troet and borne in nil
parts of tho city were cracked. The total
damage, if injured ami unsafe buildings were
taken down, would not be less than 3,000,000;
but if as seems likely to bo the cae the
crauks are to bo puttied up and painted over,
and tho damaged houses merely li.ved up suf
ficiently to last till the next heavy "shako"
may come, tho figures of the Chamber of
Commerce (300,000) may perhaps be con
sidered high enough. At tho time of this
writing, the earth has not perceptibly shaken
for two days, and tho earthquake seems to
be let down as a thing of the post. People
aro buying the photographs of tho injured
promises, to accompany their earthquake let
ters to their friends abroad ; and are comfort
ing themselves with tho reflection that there
may not be another tumbler for years. So
we go. Doubtless, there was a great leseon
sought to be convoyed to us all, by Him who
holds the earth in His hand : but it has pass-
ed unheeded. People, whose faces blanched
at the first shock, and who quaked for days
thereafter, are now pursuing their ttsusl
course of speculation and dissipation, with no
thought of what might have been, if they
had been numbered with the few poor men
who were hurried into eternity. And thus
we dismiss the earthquake.
"llISTOKT OK ARIZONA."
Mr. Cbarlos G. Johnson, well known in
Arizona, is about commencing here the pub
lication of an illustrated history of tho Ter
ritory, lie has issued to the Press a speci
men number, containing two good photo
graphic views of scones at Port Isabel ; and
general commendation has lcon awarded to
the work. Mr. Johnson feels encouraged in
bis undertaking, and promises to carry it to
a successful iwuc. The ilit nntnber will bo
issued soon after election, and the succeeding
numbers semi-monthly or monthly thereafter.
He haa a number of views of the jsoutbern
section of the Territory, and of Arizona City
and Fort Yuma; and purposes going to Ari
zona with photographic apparatus, to obtain
views of Prcscott, Hardyville, 'Yickcnburg,
La Paz, and all other prominent noinU, to
gethcr with mining works, etc. Tho work
will be completed in about twonty-flvo num
hers, which will bo furnished to subscribers
only, at fifty cents a number. It will, no
doubt, bo chiefly interesting for tho photo
graphic views ; but, judging from the speci
men number, there will also bo n very large
amount of interesting descriptive matter, cal
culated to furnish information to all outsiders
feeling an interest in tho Territory. A num
ber of prominont pcoplo hero have subscribed
for copies, and it is expected that a largo sub
scription list will bo obtained. Tho work,
when completed and bound, will mako a largo
and handsorno volume Mr. Johnson's en
terprise, if successful, will be bonoficial to
Arizona, and should bo encouraged by your
Election day, is now olo?e at hand, and tho
ngony will soon bo over. Tho eurthquako
scare having in a great measure subsided, wo
have had to fall back upon tho political ques
tion for a necessary amount of excitement.
Tho Republican torchlight procession last
Tuosday night was tho largest and most itn-
preaing demonstration Eeen hero since IMH.
About 7,000 mon wore in line, and an hour
and twelve minutes wero occupied in passing
a givon point.
Mr. Ed. Darling, of Proscott, is here, at
tho Rus3 House.
Mr. J. T. Dare, lato of your legislative
body, is in business horo as an insurance bro
ker. 8. Wilde Ilardinge, a young fellow who
parU his hair in the middle, and is chiefly
known as tho husband of Polio Uoyd, is one
of the institutions of Sa-i Francisco, and
seems to employ his time hi' wrilinc plays
none of which have yet , been produced.
Shakespeare's fnmo will probably remain un
affected by these works. i
Greenbacks are quoted nt73)(JJ4.
Tom Maguire has leased hii Opera House,
and will go to Europe.
No doubt, tho first report that reached
you regarding the earthquake was immense.
Even at Oakland it was rcpjrtcd that 1,500
peoplo wero killed here, and at Virginia City,
tho number had grown to 30)00. One of the
effects of the shaking up was that peoplo who
had never been seen drunk before, reeled
through the streets, and most of the old
'bums" got sober. ,
Railway through New Mexico.
After treating on the subject of two addi
tional railways across the Continent -one to
connect the Upjier Mississippi with tho Co
lumbiaSt. Paul witi Seattle tho October
number of Put win? Magatinc refers to the
second, or Smoky IIil line as follows:
"The second of the New Pacific railroads
should bo designed to give to the East a
doublo connection with San Francisco, tho
great, the overshadowing jtort on that coast,
bouthward from that city for a thousand
miles, there is no adequate harbor the near
est being Guaymss.ontbeGulf of California,
and a Mexican jwrt. The San Joaquin Val
ley, extending from the Ray of San Fran
cisco nearly to the southern boundary, is de
scrilied as one of the richest valleys in the
world; one where the bulk of the best Cali
fornia wheat is raised, and which is capable
of sustaining a Mipuliilio!i of five millions of
jieople. This is the natural approach from
the southward, and the path of the southern
JJr this route the high crfsings of the Si
erra Nevada range will lie jtarttally avoided,
tho mountains leing turned rather than
crowed; the elevation of the Tejon Pas is
but about four thousand feet alxivc the level
of the seu. Thence to the Colorado River at
Fort .Mohave, and on to the Sierra Mad re, or
Rocky Mountain chain, near AIluqnerque,
the line should cross Arizona and New Mex
ico, about the 35th parallel. This is the great
rejKsitory of gold and silver, which the Mex
icans have been working, in a crude and im
perfect way, for two hundred years, and the
Aztecs for centuries before them. From the
passage of the divide of the continont. near
Santa Fe, it would seem as if tho interests of
the whole country would be served by two
or more diverging branches, with sub-branches
leading to New Orleans, Vicksbtirg, Mem
phis, Cairo and St. Ixmis. In fact, several
beginnings have been made towird a system
of railroads leading from each of those points
westward of the Mississippi, all of them
tending in the direction of this ja.sage at
tho 35th parallel. One of these lines, the
Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division,
more commonly known as the Kansas Rranch.
has been extended (with the aid of the Gov
ernment) 700 miles west of St, Louis, or
nearly to the Rocky Mountains, and is con
sequently the line west of tho southorly sys
tem, nnu is only aDout out) miles from the
Uio UraiHlo at Albuquerque.
IIow to can Frcit Pnorr.Ri.r. This we
call a very simple process when rightly un
derstood." We always have an abundance of
small fruits in glass jars. Wo think the trou
ble les, the fruit better, less expensive than
by the old process of preserving in sugar,
pound for pound. Wo use the Spencer jar
with a iapannod cover, and n rubber ring
around its odco. We heat the fruit to a lwil
in a bright tin pan; have tho jars filled with
quite warm (almost hot) wator to warm
thein ; pour out the water, ad dip the boiling
fruit rapidly into the jar, until it comes
"lightly above the shoulder in the inside of
the neck ot tho jar. I he end of a string,
about one-eighth of nn inch in diameter, is
dropod inside on the fruit, rotaining the oth
er end in the hand. Now :rowd the cover
down on to tho shoulder, at the same time
withdrawing the string, and the work is
done. Any extra juice or air will follow out
with the string.
Those who fail in putting up fruit to keep,
do not exclude the air. This is done by hav
inj? the fruit hot and bv being sure to till the
jar, so that when tho covor is pushed down a
littlo of tho juice or air will no pressed out
with the string. You may swoeten the fruit
or not, just as yon please. It is not nocossary
in order that it may keep. Neither is it nec
essary to put tho fruit into the jars to boil.
It necessitates extra trouble, and often loss
by tho breaking of the jars. Western IluraL
Two elderly ladies wero contemplating ono
of tho family of the Fnleoiddie, at the Zoo
logical Gardens, in London. "There's a
trrcat howl for vou !" said ono. "Got along
. .... . . i .i .f.t
wilii you uUxipid : ijuiriu uiaoiner, wain
not a howl, that's a heagle." I ho controver
sy growing warm between thom. "Ladies,"
intf'rjiosed ono of tho officers of the Society,
(ag in tho fable of tho Chameleon,) you need
not quarrel, for you aro both in the wrong.
It is neither an howl nor a beagle the bird
before you is an ork."
To remove paint of whito lead or zinc, if
it resists tho action of benzine, ether, or
bisulphido of copper, as it may if tho paint
spots have becorao hard, uso a 6mall amount
The envelope was invented by S. R. Brewer,
Origin of Odd-Fellowship.
The origin of the order of Odd Fellows Is
of an ancient date. It was established bv I
the Roman soldiers in camp after the order '
of the Israelites, during the reign of Nero, i
tho Roman Emporor. who commenced his '
. I). oTi. at
- .. - - a. . . I
which time they
called Fellow Citizens.
Tho name of
Follows was given to this Order of mon (A.
1). 70,) by Titus Crosar, Emperor of Rome,
from their singularity of notions, and from
limit Wnfuvlrulr.: nf (n'lt ntlinr lit. tiii.lit- n
well as by day, and their fidelity to him and
. I . " . . ' . .
their country. He not only gave them the
name of Odd l ellnws, but at the same time,
as a pledge of friendship, presented them
with a Dispensation, engraved on a plate of
gold, having the following emblems, viz: Tho
Royal Arch of Titus Cirnar, the Ark of the
Covenant, the Golden Candlesticks, the Ta
ble, (weighing one groat talent,) the Sun for
N. U., the Moon and Stars for V. (i., a Lamp
for Secretary, the Lion for Oiiatclian. tlm 1
Dove for Warden, nml tho Emblems of Mor-
tality for G. M. ceptton, a littlo farm, well tilled, is moro
It is very probable that the first Odd Pel-' P"Htnble in the end than a large one, indif
lows made their ii)K-nrance in North Wales frently cultivated. AVc once read a story of
about that time, as an invasion was made by ! a frenchman who had two daughters. Ono
one of Titus Ciosar's generals (Agricola,) ! of th(jm '"amed and received one half of tho
on North "Wales and shortly afterwards on , l)a,ora' vineyard as her dowry. To the old
the Island of Mono, now culled Anclesea. ! ,nan.'t "urpriMi, the half he had reserved, re-
I He I rut account we li.iv nf t ! (Irrlr-r 1
spreading into other countries is in the fifth
century, when it was established in the Sjan
ish Dominions under the Roman I)ispen-a-tion,
and in tho sixth century by King Henry
in Portugal, and in the twelfth century it
was established in France, and afterwards in
Enclond bv John M'Nevilie. attended bv live
knights from France, who formed a Royal
Grand Lodge of Honor in London, which Or
der remained until the reign of George III,
when a jrart of them began to form them
selves into a Union, ami ;i portion of them re
main until this day. On this account the
Lodges which remain, and are very numer
ous throughout the world, call themselves
Ioyal Ancient Independent Odd Fellows, be
ing a jiortion of the original Ixuly.
Though all of these ruins are at this time
desert!, it is by no means just to suppo-o
that they are the relics of a jeople now be
come extinct. When this country was inva
ded by the Spanish conquerors, it was, like
Peru, occupied by a jwlii-lied and cultivated
race. Many of its cities were then large and
flourishing, and inhabited by a numerous
population. Their magnificent palace were
still the residence of princes, and tho temples
still devoted to their original sacred uses.
The arts were in n high state of advance
ment science was cultivated religion well
established, and powerful governments in
firm and substantial existence. It may bo
accordingly maintained, beyond the fear of,
contradiction, that Mime of these structures,
or in any event, similar ones, were erected by!
.1,,. nn.nr. ,t :'l ..rflan trllx nl
.-. . .v.. j ii...
(.upyillj; Hint JllUJl. illll, iia lllfgiib tsv davu-
rallv inferred, and
nod the ordinan- lot of hu-
tions had not icaned tne ordinary
man affairs, but had been suljected to all tho
consequences of invasions, wars and revolu
tions, through the long jeriod which had
elaned since their first settlement here to
uie " ' 'J "'V . "THV.!
, " . . ,,ut,l,.
as we " V " ; , for the carver or any puq-ose not requiring a
of these cities respect vely, it IJaWe, and , , ' b . , Gl(CT
m some casesahnost certain that many o habrdne(lslwliitonMsande!a-lticity will be pro
them were , already deserted and left to decay , ' containing three'per cent, of
when the Spaniards fir armed, while others . , f . , f ,,,
!- ctill mlinliitiMl. ii n tntnrmfHl mat
when Cortez ontered Mexico the great Teo
call had but recently been erected and we
aro ul.-o told that it was built after tho model
of the Pyramids, constructed bv the Toltccs
a wople to whom were ascribed, as is usual
in the alienee of any definite testimony, all
such edifices as were manifestly of great an
tiquity. The pyramids of Teohiuacan and
Cuolula were said to Iks of Toltecan origin
and the latter is associated with some of the
oldest Mexican religions traditions. These
pyramids then were the model for sulequent
imitation; but by common consent it is ac
knowledged thnl'the era of the arrival of tho
Toltecs in Mexico, as pointed out by the
.Mexican hieroglyphic manuscripts, was as far
back as the seventh century. We have,
therefore, the testimony of the Mexicans
themselves, that some of these edifices pro
ceeds d from a nation who occupied that coun
try before the Aztec tribes, at a very early
period and it will le seen from evidences
that their antiquity may 1ms carried back still
Familiar Quotations Among tho quo
tations in common use, 'Dark as pitch,' Every
tub must stand on its qwn bottom,' arc found
in Ilunyan. 'Hy hook or crook,' 'Through
thick o'r thin,' are used by Spencer in the
Palrie yueen.' 'Smell a rat,1 is employed by
Run Johnson, and by Rutler in 'Hubibras.'
Wrong sow by the oar,' (now rendered : 'Take
the wrong pig by tho oar,') is used by Ren
Johnson. 'Turn over a new leaf,' occurs in
Middlcton's play of 'Anything for a Jiit"t
Life. 'The moon is made of green cheese,' is
found in 'Rabelais.' 'To die in tho last ditch,'
which is popularly supposed to have origina
ted in tho South during tho late rebellion, is
traced to "William of Orange, who once said:
'There is ono certain means by which I can be
sure never to see my country's ruin I will
dio in the last ditch."
Savino nv MACHiNF.nv. Tho number of
thrcshiug maehines in the United States is
sot down at 235,000, and it is estimated that
they save five per cent, moro of tho grain
than tho flail. This would save to the coun
try more than 80.000,000 bushels of grain,
worth at least $50,000,000.
Thirsting for Moro Land.
Ync of ,,ie InOTt previous errors of the past
? , Pru8t'Ilt fe'CI'C ration of American fsrmers,
tl10 a,,nost insatiable thirst for more land,
?no a thousand, though possessed of
,ivc t,lllcs m '"' teres as he cun profitably
fit sun).,..r..ll llll . i It .1 f
w. nuiKtsKuiuij' mi, is satisncd. wnnc tins
is perfectly natural, it is, at tho same time,
very unwise. Tho farmer recognizes his
wealth in the multiplication of his broad acres
just as the merchant or banker docs In his
nccummulation of greenbacks; but tho dif-
evccn wio iwo is, mat tne tanner
trim ml.I .a... . ill a 1 M . a .
rriay add acre to acre, without tho ability to
render uic investment productive, while tho
merchant or banker has no difficulty in find
ing profitable investments for his greenbacks.
It is always bad policy to buy moro land, and
give manure in homa'pnthir- doses to that al
ready in possession. The safe and sure guide
for the farmer is to attempt tho cultivation
01 " mre acres than lie tan keep in perfect
P'J ie!m) every Hay's experience detn-
onsirates the fact, that, with occasional ex-
lv"'"H " " tuimuiwn as lonneny uc-
stowed upon the whole, yielded as much- as it
had done. The second married, and he gave
her one half of what he had left, and still had
as many grapes from his remaining fourth as
he used to have from the whole. There is a
whole volume of practical truth in this littlo
anecdote. Its moral is, attempt the cultiva
tion of no more land than you can cultivate
well. JiMtrnalo the Farm.
I Tun Sad Fatk ok a Distinolmshki) Jour
i nai.ist The Chicago Iltjpjblkanaxs:
AVe learn from the Iexington (Ky.,) Statu
i nun, of the 2Cth, that the, in many respects,
I illustrious journalistic career of G. I). Pren
I tico, terminated on tho 2-ld, by his being fi-
nilly dismissed by the Ixjuisville.rwriaJCom
j puny, represented by its moneyed-man, Is ham
( Henderson. At the age of sixty-five, Mr.
Prentice is jenni!ess. and the mere wreck of
1 his former self. He had for some time been
an tmjiloye of tho Company, at forty dollars
' ier week. There seems to come no accepted
l time to moralize on such wrecks. It is not a
grateful task to heighten the misfortunes of
the living by a parade of their causes, and
! when the grave closes on their victim, still
more in force is the rule nil de Tnortnit. Rut
' with the brilliant life and career of
I George I). Prentice will stand in painful as
sociation the steps of self-wrought ruin. It
is painful to see him lapse from a position of
power on a journal for which be made a na
: tional reputation.
"rrrRciiAi."!i from Potatoes Chemistry
. -hei.rsciiai m from i otatoes. uncmistry
drcrI a new and interesting use for
ltat.ocs a!"1 other vegetables, illustrations of
which were seen by visitors at the Pans In-
If potatoes arc pcel-
i e4.t! f about, th rty-si
wate.r' t0. T1" C
x hours in
cent, of sul
phuric acid has been added, well washed with
water, dried in blotting paper, and then in
hot sand for several days, on plates of chalk
or plaster of Paris, which are changed daily.
' IJVIIIK lillllicu ill Lilt.-aiuu
j lieing compressed at tlie same time, an excel-
i lent imitation of meerschaum, answering well
rv . . .?-'. .. ' .
acid, is used; and ii, niter mo potatoes have
been macerated in this solution (soda), they
are boiled in a solution containing nineteen
per cent. .oda, a substance resembling stag's
horn, and which maj- lc used for knife han
dles, etc., will bo formed. Turnips may bo
Wheat Ccltvrf At the last meeting of
the Delaware County Fanner's Club the sub
ject of raising wheat a generally and fully
discussed. The following is a synopsis of tho
discussion, with the general results:
First Sowing wheat, drill or broadcast,
Sowing in drills is tho best mode, for the rca
son that tho wheat is put in more uniformly,
better protected, winters better, and there is
great saving of seed. Second Advantages
of summer fallowing. Its advantages are in
plowing in clover and mellow heavy clay soil,
but summer fallow not generally rocomc'ndcd.
Third Manuring theground. Manurcshould
be spread upon the surface and harrowed in
before drilling. Fourth Fall or Spring wheat.
If the ground is well pulverized and in good
condition, the fall sowing will bring the sur
est crop ; otherwise it is lietter to sow in tho
spring. Fifth Sowing grass seed with wheat.
Timothy and clover should be mixed. As a
general rule timothy should be sown in tho
fall ; clover alwa)-s in tho spnng. Timothy
will frequently do when sown early in tho
There is an anecdote told somewhere of a
dispute, in which bolstviuus, ili-brcd fellow
called his adversary 'no gentleman.' 'I sup
pose you iniiiK yourson one,' was the ropiy.
'Certainly I do,' answered tho bully. 'Then,'
6aid the other, 'I'm not oflended that you
don't think mo ono.'
"Wateii-proof Glue, says tho Journal of
Applied Chcmittry, may lie made by boiling
ono pound of gluo with two quarts of skim
med milk. This makes an excellent gluo for
articles which sro exposed to the action of
The needle gun has been introduced into
the armies of Denmark, Sweeden, Holland,
Switzerland, and the Roman States.