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X'roMOott, JVrlvsfmit 1'orritory.
SATURDAY MORMN'G. DKCEMIIKtt 2C. 18CS.
Kan Krnnelneo Aeney. Thomas' Hour 1 tho
mrjr ftntbarirM BRrnt Svt the Jfixt In Sn FrsiKtwa.
(Mm left nt hl utile. No. 30 (wfoml floor). Merchant
Kxthanc, California Hxnii, tluw Montgomery, wUl b
r-ronijsiy aunuM 10.
Kow, that another year is about to be added
to the age or our Territory and the great reg
ister of time, it is fitting that wo should go
back a few ycas and draw a comparison be
tween tho Territory as it appeared to us then,
and as it is now. It is not our purrno to go
back as far as the timo of the Gadsden pur
chase; nor do we propose to dwell upon the
flrst attempts that were mado to settle that
umUwrt reeinn. The nortion of the Te
ritory which wo shall endeavor to dcscrilw
will be, mainly, that lying north of the Gila
river, which is, by far, tho best and most in
Titing section of Arizona. "What we shall say
about this -country will bo as truthful and
correct as we can write it, notwithstanding
the fact that we are deeply interested in its
speedy settlement and development. Most
generally, it is the poorer elates of popula
tion that migrate to and develop now coun
tries, and, although tbe first settlers in most
new countries use every means to nttract im
migration, we hold it to be wrong aye, crim
inal, to induce people to leave comfortsblo
homes in the States, and journoy across in
bospitablo plains to countries incapable of
supporting or enriching them.
We are aware that Arizona has a name for
sterility and worthlessncss abroad, and truth
compels us to acknowledge that a porlfon of
the Territory richly deserve that name. Uut
we can and do assert, without fear of contra
diction, that no new country of which wo
have any knowledge, has greater or more in
ducements to ofier those wishing to settle in
new countries than has Arizona. Hor area is
immense, and it would, indeed, be strange, if
within her boundaries there were not to be
found some rich and valuable spots, some
treasure-troves in tho "immenso desert."
That there are, we shall presently show. In
order to do so, we beg of the reader to start
in with us at the mouth of the great Colora
do and accompany us on our winding way
through the Territory.
In '62 and '3, great excitement prevailed in
California in relation to rich placer diggings
in Aiuona, and we, in comaay with some
forty or fifty others, took passage In the
brig Hidalgo, for the mouth of the Colorado,
where we arrived some time in December '04.
The country about the mouth of tho Great
Red did not seem to please our fellow-passengers,
although from what wc now recollect
about it, it was not by any means repulsive.
The coast is indented with many pretty bays,
tho hills were covered with mezquit and
other timber. All were impatient to reach
Arizona City and Fort Yuma, distant about
140 mile from tb month of the river, and
were highly pleased when, one fine morning,
the steamer Covqah came alongside, took us
on board and steamed up river, with the tide,
which accompanied us as far as tho Gridiron,
II II 111 IIH.WWIWU tuwrw.
Tl C ......
sink into the sandy soil and make- tlimr way,
by underground ciiunMKj to the Colorado or
the Gulf. If.f viiHcyaarc wide, rich, and
well timbered. "When wo left tho Gila wo
left n good friend, for while travelling up it
Wo were certain of getting water whenever
wo needed it; not fo on tho dry plains over
which we passed in crossing from the Gilo to
tho llassayampa. Upon arriving at Wickcn
burg wo saw the first sign of what wo most
wished to sec, gold. At that timo there was
not a house on tho town-site; Henry Wick
cnburg, tho discoverer of tho great Vulture
mine, Jas. A. Moore, Simmon, Drajtcr,
Valentine, Goigerioh (since murdered by tho
Apaches) "Coho" Youhg and "Old Fred"
were all the inhabitants then in the place.
They had just finished building an nrnstrn and
were grinding a littlo ore from, the Vulture.
Behold tho change ! Not far from tho spot
where these pioneers then worked, slcpt'and
dreamed, may now be seen quartz mill', fiue
stores, comfortable dwelling houses and hun
dreds of busy, energetic people. Wo Btayed
at WIckenburg but a short time. Wo were
told that, "higher up" there were pine,
and as wo had not soon a pino sinco leaving
tho Golden State, we pined to see one. We
started for Weaver or Antolopo Hill, whoso causing tho
zlorv had then almost departed, for nearly a freshness
unle tho mines were rich, tho country
would prove valueless. How badly mistaken
thoso prophets were is quite, apparent now.
Let tho tons upon tons of corn, wheat, jwtn
tocs, etc., that have for tho put four yoara
been raised under the shadow of tho pines be
sufficient proof that tho country is not valuo
loss. At that timo every pound of provis
ions consumed in tho country had to bo
brought from California, New Mexico and
Sonora. now wo raiso almost everything need
ed by us, In tho proviilon lihe, and but for
llelow wo print tho most important port of
tho Inst annual advico anil counsel Xt Prosl
dont Andrew Johnson: .
Wasimkoios, December 9th.
Ftlhw ritkens of the Vnae ami Jlnurc of
Heprmtntatiteii: Upon t ho reas-semlding of
Congress it again becomes my duty to call
your attention to the state of tho Union and
to Its continued disorganized condition, un
der the various laws which have been fussed
biiu citi.ji;,., Ul BWKIIinil lltllllli
bcsafulv avstimed us an utimti in rlnvrnrnrn-
1m In a position to fur-1 ment of States that the irreatest wronir in-
nish California with beef cattle. Then pla-1 "P V? "ro cn,?!1 ' m)m
am tiiiiw.uj ii'iPiutiuii, uv i) iuQ Ulirvjviiv-
ccr mining was all wo dreamed of; now, our
greatest reliance is upon our rich quartz
mines, hundreds of whlth are to bo found in
this country. In attempting to work them
we have made failures, jso have the people of
every mining country), but now, thanks to
tho encrgyjfand'plu'ckjof a few companies, wo
knmc our quartz mints will pay. We also
know that "dry ranches" produce well ; that
our seasons nro regtihr; that our climate is
mild and healthy; (hat besides tho snows
and rains that fall during tho winter months
we have, from July o Sepletnlwr, a season
ing decrees of despotic rulers, ahd that tho
timely revocation of injurious and oppressive
mensurcsjis the greatest good that can to con
ferred on a nation.
Tho legislator or ruler who has the wisdom
and magnanimity to retraco his steps, when
convinced of error, will sooner or later bo re
garded with tho respect nnd gratitude of an
intelligent and patriotic people.
Our own history although embracing pe
riod less than a ccnturr. affords abundant
proof that mot, if not all, our State troubles
are directly traceable to violations of the 6ft
game law, and excessive legislation. m
The iwt stnKlng llluetratjoiw oi.wh iacx
hould not Isj nctrjiitled to remain ni,.
monuments 'ji tho deficient wisdom wiiki
1 .t . , ! . . , .
uus uinracie i u our rugtiii legislation.
Tin: riSANcM. fOMMTiow or nir. countrt.
TJic coniliton or our llnonccs demands-tho
early and ear.cst consideration of Congrcst
Compared witi tho growth of our population'
tho tmJtlfc xpendilures havo rcachnl
omrnnt unnnvdentcd in our historv. Ti,
population of ho United States in 17C0 was
nearly l,000,f.) of people, increasing in each
(focado about -It per cent. It reached in lfiCO
:jl,WO,tAA-nilin0rcascof 700 h.t cent. oil.
t ho wpuiauon a nw. in ltr.t it isestims
ted that it will Wch 38,000,000, or an ill
crease of 808 per out. In tevtnty-nlne years
The annual cxpndilures of tho Feilent
GovcmtiiMit in lTOtwproS 1,200.000! In 1fto
S18.2nO.0OO; in 1R50, S 17,000,000: in IfifO
all the nuggets of gold had been picked up j which they fall. Our people have explored the
and carried off. Although along tho lower i country to the eastward, and from them we
In xrlilrli Khowar ilntrml nlmost overv dav.
- ' . ... ii ..-
crops to grow fast and imparting wrnweu uy ti e onaeu.io
, . . three years, upon tho question of ruxmtruo-
and vigor to everything upon Uo1 Afl n' rair u Utb 8obat
distance of 25 miles. From this point to
Arizona City, the river is alios!, owing to the
great number of sand-bars that raise their
heads above its waters, spreading them over
tho low country. But light draft steamers,
rech as those used by tbe Colorado Steam
Navigation Company ascend it at all stasoos
of thn rear, without much trouble.
. . .
Mtt travellers in new anu at
SvaTivT wUtfnllv at evert
- j si,
reach of our vision, oad
Spreader that tho scenery- oa-iapjuwer
Colorado i far from bcintr uclrPK& Jts
tfiimmSSU. for over t
llawayarapa, wc saw many fine valloys, the
country did not satisfy us. Tho mountains
were not high enough; there wore no pino,
and noxt to gold, wo wanted to see pines.
We left wcavor without regret, clambered up,
up until we reached a ''greun" country, with
pure cold water, pinea, oaks, junipers, etc,
Twos then our heart beat quick ; we lmd
struck it; tho land of promiso lay before us.
No more alkaline deports, no more thorny
rictus. We found mulberry trees laden with
delicious fruit ; ripe chorrios, currants, otc.
We picked them, we at them and felt happy.
We saw slate, granite, quartz, and knew that
gold, too, must be close at bond. We trav
eled on, and every step revoaled some new
beauty, something that made us think of
California. At that timo there were no fit
tlers living between Pruscott and Weaver.
Peoples' Valley had been abandoned; and
house and corral burned by the Indians.
Klrkland Valky was also unoccupied ; so was
Skull, and so were all the other valleys that
are now occupied. Soon, we came in sight
of tho Point of Rocks, at which place the
first sign of civilization since lea-ring Wcavor
met our gaze. Then there were no nico farm
houses in Willow Valley, nothing save the
Government herd which fed upon its grasses
After quenching our thirst, we journeyed on
to Whipple Valley, where wc found one soli
tary house, that of Rufiw E. Fnrnngton. e
journeyed on to Fort Whipple and Prescott,
enraptured witp the beauty of the country,
but somewhat surprised at the small number
of people in town and country, for at that
time Prescott was a rry cia village, and
the valleys surrounding it were, with three
solitary exceptions, unoccupied. How changed
the scene, sinew that snort lime? To-day
Prescott contains many fine stores, and neat
residences; then it was a camp in tho wilder
ness, now it is a town in the midst of a cor
don of agricultural settlements and mining
camps. Town lots, then wore valueless, to
day they command big prices and are sougnt
after with avidity; tnen, wo hail no saw
mills, now we havo two ; there were no brick
or stone houses, no court-house, no fancy sa
loons, with costly billiard tables; now wo
havo all these and more. As yet. the plough
had not pierced the virgin soil of our rich
Talleys, naught disturbed tho death-like si
lence that reigned over and in them, bovc
tbe jell of the Tndian and the howl of the
coyotte. The mountaia-U eave in very
xw,fmwfmmw&i the few
IHC'J it ih estimated bypo Seiretary r
Treasury In his annual njort twit the
be S'nf.onO.t'OO. y r mmrirk the
dHbmsftncn's of 18C ai s4jjat-
learn that it is a most dolightftil one,coverel
with good timber and excellent grave. For
merly, at this season of tho yar, scores of
mn could hare been seen leaving the coun
try : this roar, the re verso is the truth. Peo
ple are arriving from ever direction, and
none are going away with the intention of
staying away. Oar farmers, as umioI have
been blewed with good crops. Our quartz
miners are wU sa&tkd of the richness of
the country, ami are tfnking upon their lodes,
while the placer rainars are busily engaged
getting water upon thoir claims and making
other preparations for working them. In
former years men workod for from StO tq
45 per month, now no man can bo hired tc
work for le than C0 par month. There is '
but one drawback to the prosperity of the
country, and that tho everlasting Indian.
Wore ha subdued, tbe eoHrso of our Territo
ry would be upward and onward, and as Gov
ernment bow seems determined to conquer
the untaiBwl eaVagu, fuhj fu flat hop that
by the time another year is added to the ag
of our Territory, her citizens can pursue
their occupations without danger from the
tiallv failed, and proved iirrniciow In thcia
results, ond there teems to bo no goad reason
whv thev sboukl longer remain ujwn tnesiai
ute'book". State to which the Constitution
guarantee a republican farm of government
have been reduced to dejwmlencie, and in
each of them the poo pie hive len made snb
ject to the arbitrary will of the comniandir.s:
General. Although the Constitution require
that each Statu shall be nmretnted in Con
gress, Virginia, MtefeiMiMii awl Texas are yet i
t-scltitljl from tho two nHU., anil eontrarr
to tho ex pre provisions of that inatrument,
were denied nrUeipatki In the recent elec
tion for a President, and Vice President of the
those of 1701. it will btfcccril
of expenditure sir.ee tic be
Government has been fMlSI;
tho increase of pppulatMtf
was oniy n - iiercentiitni
Again, the extnC of. 1
18CU, tho ywwrtff kmcv l
Ing tho war, .vrfj cily
IbW, the yTnhfHrr-o tnreef jrars after the
war, it is etieaV1iey wiH SrtTOOO.CCin
an Increue flfctt w;Ai'da the in'!
crease of population ai axlfMt centum
for the a .. ,.rioc. f$k3
These statistics furtlier tiifiwist tn I7ni
the annual national eipeiwe,, cottpared with
the population, wcr little miro than one
dollar per capita, ard in I860 but two dollars
per capita, while in 1WW they ?ll reach tho
extravagant sum of .9.78 per capita. It will
boobcrved that all of theotatemcnts refer
to and exhibit tho disbursemetts of jicaco
periods; it may therefore be of intereft to
compare the expenditures of thric war peri
odsthe war with Great ISritait. the MlmW
can war, ami wir t t rebellion, (a 1K14 the
annual expenses incident to tho air of 1812
reached their highest amount, abit 831,000,
000, wWfe our population sl'ghtly exceeded
S.OOO.OO'J, alwviua an expenditure of only
W Ort I.. f. It, I- .1 ...
a.cu pr ca;ii. in irn, me expenuiturea
gendered a feeling of crrisiosity, which. !ead
itc in some instancea to coUietons ami blotKl-
hcd, has pre von tod that ev-operation Ixjtwfn
the two race to CMvcntial to the cLOCt of
indw trial entwnrjvea in the Soathern States.
Nor have the inhabltuite of these State
alane Hitlered from the dhtorbed ccatlSticn of
atmirs growing mit of tha Cmrrwinil en
ictnirsU ; the sctrr UmVn b,n g!tstl
by crate sppreactuMirai of trouble which
might again involve the peace of tbe nation;
its interests bare ben injurious! v affected by
Indiana Attack and Try to Capture a
Party of Whites.
Ttm nit nftittt 9t -klftA tYte a!tr tvnniflfidtwi
under the dominion .rf jwrwns of color 'n 1?iv!r. ne war witn .Mexico, reached
tho South, ha immired if not destroyed the TV,' i . the , ljnt,on
tiitl? nhiUn. tLtiu.1 ViUioi! 1 ULOOO.UX.' giving only 2,C0 per canita for!
between them, and mutual dUtrust has en-1 " 1e for that vcar. In igfiS the
CjH;iiuimira or uy inn rvwilion-
reached tho vast wnoant of Jjl.2M.W)0,0C0,
.lilli rumMil with a tuirmlit lnn'i.f .11
of ! tf1""' capita. Fur the 4tb :
of Jlarrh, lT'tf, ti the 5u'uofJ-me, lFCI.i
Ae entire eipemutifrec r Govcrnwent were.
(IJOOftSOJst. Durmp that iriil wo wrre
cngagwbin war with Great Britain and ilcx
ko, and lnrohf.l in hoHlHIttc with wcrful
Irwliaa inbfe. Louisiana wax pardnwrd from
France rt s eoiof f IS.IXO.CW; Hindi wa
ctul to the UUted States by Simh for 85.-
tbe derangement of buslnm ami labor, and 4 CCOv Mwrnl iic(alrcd him Mw
consequent want of prosperity throughout ff ?W wul tho lerritor of New
he conntry. Tho teHral TJJL?TJ " , " iZTT !r 1 "
Mr. J. C Dunn, one of the party recently
jumped by Indiaus on the road from Prescott
to Skull Valley, gives tho following account
of the affair which took place on the 18th inst
that portioa ol the country,
Constitution, the magna chart a of American
rights, under whose wise and KUUtary provis
ions we havt- tfccsfu!l conducted all cor
domestic and foreign allalre, tt(iKi our
selves in neace and in war. a4 i.autntr t
great natloc among lli powera-wf t f!rk.
must assuredly be now adequate tt the set
tlcmcnt of ftuct)tion.s crowiiicftui iif tile civi
! war wage J alorw for ltd virtUctftaV 'thk i
of $lO,QGP,j;nrly In 1M1 the, war of
the rroeilica cfiniccBccu, ana troin the m or
July of t?'atarto tbe 20th of Jkw, U5,
"wMI wrfeadi,' 'mtW h
"We arrived safe and sound in SWI Vdlej !
after a closclv contested Indian fisht of near-! 5:.:. . r ,. i,.. cjL a. ' sry kx Ihafwml ear i'Mdior the J
Ivan hour. The fight commenced on the ! bled in the month of December. 1&65. Civil
west side of tho divide, after leaving Mint Utrife had ceased j the spirit of tbe rebellion
Valley. Fortunately I went to a little spring . pent ita entire force in all the Southern
about fitty yards from the road, duringwhich . u-' choC ihe wholecountrr: abealthr
time the teams stopped, and Frank Smith,
who wes in the advance, rode on about one
hundred yards from where the teams had
stopped and saw two Indians crens tho road ;
reaction in public entlment had taken place
bv the application of tho simple yet effective
provision of the Constitution ; tho Kxecntive
bepartment with the voluntary aid of the
States, had bransht the work of rcconstrue-
l wiit n.HAlf l i.tplmnniui .r..51 - - -
rode back and gave the alarm. Every man
seemed cool and determined. "We dismount-
ltionasncarmplettonswaiutiiescopoot!'uriii5Bsriwr u.c prewrvanon oi i
B ... i ( M;.t illl twit urn AriflittMl tliM.,AiiM r.
cncourageti , ". r "i t
cuingly rich ;
clinutc is tiarm.
iy. Ariawna uityiwas
'd. Mo landed and fouad it b be
. city, but since then, it has grWn
.ce of good hiie and cuasidcrjble
ce. It is situated upon the ea&Wrn
tho Colorado, at the moup of n
'irectly opposite Fort Tuuia.
ding, inquiries wcro mido aboit
in tho interior, and Iho nens
'rely satisfactory, all but four c
oys" returned to Cliforni
m those with whom, wo baf
'ies many a time on Ben.
, the Ihdalijo, with some--
" j ling, and followed up the
' ' 00 mile3. crossed it and
Woolsey'a Agua Caliento
, "ained until W. P. Smith
' ;on came along with a
"find for Wickenb'urg.
larted up country,
jirther, tho Gila aud
ilch it flowg must be
! not navigable, ow
Vi dcal ofiits waters
ieew-RtotfsTIencc had only been bro
ken on tho Hassaynrapa and Lynx Creek, in
both of which streams rich gold diggings
had been discovered and were being worked.
Wo well remember how we were impressed
with tho beauty and grandeur of tho moun
tains when first we ventured among them.
We knew we wcro in a strange, land, a land
in which formerly dwelt those simple-minded,
semi-civilised tribes who built templets to the
Sun, aud who, probably, worked the same
diggings that are now being worked and cul
tivated the same ranches that are now being
cultivated by our people. We saw the ruins
of their houses; their hyeroglyphics, and
felt fei if wo were intruding upon sacred
ground, but the Apaches those demons of
destruction, that had, no doubt, exterminated
the Toltecs, the ancient inhabitants of the
country wcro around, and wo had no time
to moralize or try to peer into the past. Itev-
ereneo for people and things of the past
would not prevent them from sending us to
keep company with tho Toltecs in the other
ed en the opposite side from where wo sup
posed tiio indiatis to be, and drew our six
shooter?, as there was but one gun in the
crowd. "Wo started, on a slow wal k, watch
ing closely every thicket aud bunch of brush.
We had not gone to exceed ono hundred
yards when tho "ball opened." Tho Indians
were in three squads, the nearest .from twen
ty to thirty steps, the next from'flrty to cigbty
and the other from two to three hundred.
They were armed with long range, gun;
the shots flew like hail. In the midst of this
we discovered that an attempt was being
made to surround us. Quick as thought the
word was given, all aboard, and by 'a lively
application of the buckskin wo succeeded in
getting by, before they gained their position.
The bullets flew fust and thick, they all had
uns; not an arrow was fired. No person
was hurt, one of my horses was shot and has
since died. All they got was ono old donkey
and only after he was dead from dragging by
the neck, as ho got sulky and would nut
travel and wo cut him loose. The Indians
numbered about fifty and nearly all wcro well
dressed. Wo took them to be River Indians.
Our party numbered isix men, George Wilson,
FraDk Smith, 3Ir. Shupp, of Lynx Creek,
Mat Welch, a Frenchman, whose name I do
not know, and your humble servant. Great
credit is due 3Ir. Wilson."
its authority, and the nation was
by the iironpeet of aa early awl satisfactory
adjustment of all its diflfenltics. Congress,
however, Interfered and refusing to jnirft
the work so marly consamated, and to admit
members from the unrcpronled States, adop
ted a scries of mcastKS wmCa arrca.cu .w
progrcsa of restoration, frustrated all that
jbsti'been so successfully accomplished, and,
after three years of agitation and strife, his
left the country further from that attainment
of union of fraternal feeling than at the in
ception of the Congressional plan of recoei-
atruction. It needs, no argument to show
that legislation which has produced such
baneful consequences shonld be abrogated, or
else made to conform to the genuine priir;i
ples of a republican government. Under f bo
Influences of partpr passions and ftis
prejudices, abrogation of tho Kxecntive Jf
crs, other acts have been passed not warrant
ed by the Conssitution. Commas haKakhdV
been made familiar with my view rtwpw ttM
tbe Tcnure-ot-OlJice liill; ixnertewe H
proved that its repeal is demanded bv tab
beat interests of the country, and whllo
mains in lorce tho President caj
that rigid accountability of ofilceM
tial to an honest and efficient exdeu
the laws. Its revocation would eniWw
Kxecutivo Department to exorcise the n. i
of appointment and removal in accord. ,nc 1 '!
June, LW, wc obtain a lotal .expenditure of
Sl,C0,000,WjO during the four ycan imme
diate? ueding the war, or nrsrly M eauch j
sa wa expended during the serrnty years
that preceded the rcta ilioti, and tie two era
brare the extraordinary expenditures already
These startling facta i!lu'ralo the neccs-
sity of reircnehtocnt in all the branches vf
public swrvice. Abuse which were talented
neon e nv
that profound jwace prevail. The reiflj-
from Internal revenue havo during the feet '
three years gradually diminidicd, and tee i
continuance of itselciU and extravagant tx- !
penes wilt involve iu in national bankrupt, j
or make irtTifildo an increase of tass 4
alrealy loo onerous.snd, in many re?jccU A-J
twxious on account of their inquisitorial
character. One hundred millions are ytatl;
exjHnded for the military fore?, a Urjc por
tion of which is employed in the exi"cn;io
of laws Isoth unnccwary ami unconitito
tional,and 150,000,000 ore required eseh
year to pay tho interest on the public dtbt
An army of tas-gatherera impoverish tleo
tion, and public servant. being placed !
Congress beyond tho control of the Kitw
tlve Department turn from their Jegitiiate
pntpofe te twp, sum ot nioivey v
iteyntfmti ltm Utfl pwple in the naf
tbe,Qaimtett. JtKM tone lwhtitu
prudent ftcor.' tny car. ctUftdv V. t-
ieete tm. avrri vtk whirh. if liHircd t
ca mm f l to di..i hwiflffli'afe in -
At that tine, nobody thought of remaining
in tho country any great length of time. It
was supposed, by nearly all, that "piles"
could be iratdo in a hurry. People talked of
having ,w go to Salt River, tho Gila and the
Verde, to ralso corn, vegetables, etc., Ko
body wanted n "dry .ranch;" water, to Irri
gate with, was what they wanted, lcUdcs, U
was said that tho country was too cold ; that
nothing could be raised here. In fact, that,
TcBittTORiAL Legislature. This body
which met at Tucson, November 10th, 1808,
was to havo adjourned on tho 15th inet. A
letter of the 10th inst., informs us that the
bill creating tho county of Maricopa, passed
tho House, but was defeated in the Council
by a vote of 8 to 2. Our Councilman, J. T.
Alsap, voted for this bill. So did Mr. Gas3,
of Pah-Utc. Tho Pima delegation voted
against it, although, at first, they professed
iy.it- ft. 8uuad;. and wcajtr? ya&sttsct
Troasary at th close 0."
MnLfHrulll tint 1i ri.iii.T!. ;
million will m added to a
with tho original design of tho Contitu j. I wl.teh, is tttnted bj inilliou.
The act of March 2l, 1807, making Wvw ' It i &bn by this table, and the -
priations for the support of tho mj Ur the hewuve report of tfcj Secretary of t!'
iK a tone ieet vrere f4U.,037-' ' ' ..
exeuditirt fbr the name pe iud were
as Commander-in-chief of tho arm, ar. ! 4i. 2.3&4, leevins in tho Trcwry a fcun
nies to States in the Union the right i 'pro- i S8S,2f7,W. It fe csfimst 1 that ti- r
tcct themselves tiy means or tfeeir owu mili- j mn onnne wayrmmi nst
tia. Tbeso nrovminns Klinnlil 1 At nr., , ... l nne r.U. loOw. will M SHl.TO. bj"
nulled, for while the first might hi tiiiaof' PBdUHro9 SW.ISTO, K -rig a " 1
great emergency seriously emuams thu Ex- ' bene of .3Ui,S in fav, r f 1"
year ending June .smb, 1S6S, an i nr
jmrposes, contains provisions which mUHere
with the President's constitutional runt Hnna
. iJ . -----
ccuttve in liia cllorta to employ and iirwt
tiio common strength of tho imtkin fir iU
protdction and preservation, the other iLppn-
trary to tho express declaration of tin; f Con
stitution, that a well regulated militia being
necessary to the security of a free State, the
right of a people to keep and btmr aruig shall
not !0 infringed. It is believed tho n!pcal of
sucu laws would ho accepted by tho uwori
themselves favorable to it. Strategy, my can peoplo as at least a partial return lo the
boys, 'ihe bill asking for the annexation or
Wickcnburg to Yuma county, had a quietus
put upon it in the Council, only one member
voting lor it. This is as it suoutu oe, our
ment. For the fliwal voar en (Tim' Jose i
it is estimated ttmt the reesJpt will u'uvw
to SW.OOO.ObQ, and the xpend-f "
imtmoOO. loaring an estimate su?! '
tuc rBWC niiirr.
It becomes propor in thin conn'f" '
make a brief r. fiirenfl1iiKir publi' '"'
iwliiptt rbir.i linn nr.mnnii1ated Witt
alarmhig raj dlty, d has assumed t!l
lAtsitt nrrti-..' lioHt Trt trken 1. t' '
eminent .tomonced operatioiM ut'tr
county is left intact, for tho present.
fundamental nrincitiles of the Government-
and an indication that hereafter the 0onti
tution is to be made for the nation ahitfn and
unerrniK uuide. Thev can bo i)rodafiirftflftfin nAts r ft?STWnf)f ercateii
nopennanent benefit to thd" country alid 1 ing tldwr of tiio Jlctolution; this aisosct
3"cdBrJCowtitn(lon, it vvni burden A