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title: 'The examiner. (Louisville, Ky.) 1847-1849, September 25, 1847, Image 2',
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J. C. VACGHAN. Emtoi.
r. CCM"BV, Amitiii Cmim.
W beg friends and others to remember.
1st. That what correspondent write, and we
Bsblish frwm others, is act endorsed by as. If
this were Dot the case. Editors would be
kept forever explaining, qualifying, iic. We
ndavor to insert matter free from personality,
violence, anJ excess; in this we think we. hare
oaceeeded; but we are compelled, necessarily,
to publish views that do not accord with our
wn. If this simple rule be borne in mind, we
shl! be saved aoine trouble, and friends 110 little
3d. That charges brought against us, such
a being a malgamalionisu, ic. &c , are utterly
antra. No man who reads the paper, could
dream of leaking euch a charge. have uis -
cussed, and we mean to discuss, the question of y,. ,re in States. It was shivery that ,sr Mp pn.gr.is. and a dr .vlmrk ami burthen
alavary thoroughly, but in away to give no drove them away from their native laud, and upon theiutu.il tiller. IW non hut aetuil set
alarm to the most timid, and no ofl'ence to the Bot,ine elae. tiers be adiiiiii-d to the public laud, aud the re-
. .. i. i. : . ' . . suit would prove a more rapid, health y and en-
oro..rr6u. "-I'K'" ,
r the public well-being. e speak invariably
Uthe conscience, the religious sense, the judge-
raent. of the freeman, aud thai, too, in a enna-
liaa tone and temper, and who ran say, that this
is wrong? ho wish to forbid it, even among
the inteligent and virtuous that are opposed to
J la opinion?
. Da via atlce.
Wo have letters, notes, and ouastions asked
.bo.tthi.gre.tmaa. One Kentuckiau enquire,
who toher Another says, "let us hear all about
him. And many say, "his address should be I tioua enquiry, or ewe thundered torth iu rlu-I public lands, aud a coeval evtaHialiiueut of every
nnMiahad." I oucnee in defend f human aen-itu.U a. . Ji. I thins; accessary to prosperity schocK mills,
Wa shall prepare, in a few weeka, a biography
. ru. Th.i . ill ..ti.c
ud antlfr many other. It is but riirht that
aU that can bo knowa of this rood man, ahould
be told. Ha waa, in one sense, the founder oi
PraobTtsrianlsmia Kentucky and evar one of it
And "111 address should be Dubllshed." And
itwUlbe. It cannot be aery long before we
hava aa emancipation society ia Kentucky;
Whan Hill it etabashd. and means ca. be rais-
d, rather Rico-, "word" shall be scattered far
ud .ear i. the State.
Franch Gviina U for Emancipation!
Tha a'.avaholder tbara are active for it, and
last Augast took steps to carry out tha measure.
Tha Colonial Council had aa emancipation
majority; but tb minority, though email, was
turbulent, aad hiaiered the consummation of
Ibemcuura. A late election ha. secured an
aaanlmous board. The next news a ill tell us,
that Guiana is free.
Tb French Government have pasted law.,
lataly, modifying eervitode in the colony. This
hai wmi effect. But they war passed at the
afgealloa of slaveholder, and it ia, by the act
f laveholdera, that freedom now rule in Gui
ana. gtedl!y oa! There is no uy or .top to the
rood work. Ittsberan, aud it wdl end only in
T y Cireiar
Th. nernetnafUta cf South Carolina, in th-ir
f.mn.eireular..uhii,.edin Va. 13 f tlae K.
...,. .hit. .AAr., ri, h,
Vou cannot but have observed th. rapid pro-
eras of the anli-Jarerv spirit, for some time
past, an the aUnnlug inSuence it ha exer-
tedatWashinron. and throughout the noa-
: i U - . r . I .: 1 :
alara-bolding Slates of the Uuion."
The declaration made above, as regards the
rapid progrea of the anti-slavery spirit, is true
ia letter and spirit. P.ut it is not confined "to I
WasLiugton, and the noa-slave-holding States."
So nil,, as well as North. E-ist aa w ell a Wot,
ItbaaUkea deep root, and is extending itself, I
with rapidity aad strength-
The authors of the Circular limit this anti
lavery spirit la"Abo'.itiouim," and to the po
litical action of the "Whig and Democratic" par
ti a the Free States. This is a mistake. It
ts, at least, not th srWr truth. Beyond thee J
causes, and fir deeper in tlie heart of the pe- I
pi, and ia the bosom of the church, every-M
where, there i a growing belief, a solemn I
rehgious conviction, that s.avery is the ueepest
of eviia, and that no man can be true to his I
country or bis God, unless he Mrives to over-
It is very evident, indeed, that the perpctua-1
list c.o not understand toe position and feeling
f.K-,Uf MiMri k-.a. Vii:.
' r r ' b 'I
ana large portions 01 mem in Aortn Carolina I
Unt, ia ail th
ihey are, to a very great ex- I
tales, bitterly oppo-d to
alavery. They know its wearing and weaken-I
lag physical influences, and feel its blasting mor- I rnmee diu not speak nuadvisedly. Its Cbair
al effects, and would this kttur rejoice with their 1 "ian, P. W. Ktrrrart., know well the public
whole heart, if they could be free from them,
Aad they have not acted, have not openly and I
boldly grappled with the monster enrse, because,
(bay have not, as yet, discovered the way , and
because they are not satisfied with the course
aursued, so far, by those whom th perpetualists
ao hotly denounce. I
iornouia we go ixr astray, tl we were to
Include South Carsi, in a limited way, and
yt, t a much larger extent, than most person
, , , ... ,
mmfyvwr, iu uim nirgur j. c uava wioence I
anongh, la ear possesion, to establish this fact. I
W are constantly in th receipt of letters, nta- I
uif m(ui auwa oa vivigranis asuauy asa, l
:, nearly all of thm, refer to "the difficulty," I
tb evil or "th troubles of slavery." One
fawtaae It o remarkable, that we cannot for
baar to aotic it. It is that of a politician and
plantar of conalderabl iufluene who bad baea
ary active la denouncing Mr. Hoaa, and ia aid-
tafia bl MUgmT' expolsion from Charleston.
W wr urprled at seeiug hlin ia th North
West, aad atiJ more urprised to leara ara be
cam. H. talked, at Crat, of worn-out land.; of
tb cslty of taking hi children to new
country; but, when pressed, h admitted, "that
lavry, a it exist. In South Carolina, is the
ban of aociety, aad that he, and hundreds of
atbera, longed to aacap from it." W could
aotuelp asking, wny ne uad taken o active I
part la th expulsion of Mr. Ha," and were I
aot nrpnsed at bis brief reply, "that public
alaio. demanded it, and that it wonld not do
for blax to bold back."
But pasting by this ptroml knowledge, as I
ot bainf tangible evidence, let us refer to
kaowa facu fact which ahow clearly enough
that th anti-alavery sentiment is pretty strong
a, ia South Carolina.
1st." Tb iavunnts mads by Carolinians at
th.-A.rta." tsthey call it.and i. the "A'.rtA-
Made not, generally, separate themselves
fram their property. Speculators may; so may
capitalist. But this is all understood. Tb
jaiet cilicea of Carolina, however, with bis tea,
or fifteen, or twenty thoussgd dollars, would
rarely think f Investing money ia Obi r
Indiana, and, if aUfied with bom security or j
iaatltattoaa, would never do it But what i the
fact? Thai haadrads apoa buadred. of this
class ja doing this very thing! Nothii
f! Nothinr ia .
knew, of it I. South Carolina. They keen it 7
caWt th.r.: a.d this is th verr wr.r- V.
.1. .l '
w i ui muicr, as xae perpetuallsts would
-y, ..gB conclusive . a. anowing, that they
- iui slavery, na mat they ag
mean to keep an anchor to windward, by secur
ing a home for themselves or family, in a free
2d. The emigration of Carolinians to free
Slates, especially into Ohio and Indiana.
The general impression U, that a Carolinian
rarely mores to the free States. We thought so.
But auy one who travels a little will find, that
this is a great mistake. We know hundreds of
fanners in them who once "worked slaves" in
the Palmetto Stele. We know in our sistercily
of Cincinnati, and near it, some twenty families
who were all born and reared there. Rut this
U the "emallest" part of the rustler. Ity going to
Greene county, Ohio, we shall meet hundred
of Carolinian; and near Brookviile, 1'ruuklin,
the Walnut Ridge neighborhood, Washington,
and in Iiecstur aud Rush counties, Indiana,
there are still larper settlements composed of
native of Laurens, York, Spartanburg, and
the region thereabout. The majority of these
lllejI tn uou-alaveholders; a'aout a third, we
I ahould euppose from our enquiries, owned
1 alave Their pUce of residence proclaim whv
I .-U. lues investment and removals Have
I bcu chiefly made within th lout fifteen yenrs.
This is a singular fact, and one ber'afler that
I we lnv euUrge upon for it is imporUut as
1 wt j M niugular. The distinguished ultras of
I South Carolina have been most active for slave
ry witbiu this period. At Washington in
I South Carolina legislatively and socially they
have used every means to concentrate public
I opinion in the South, and to out a bar forever
between Souther, men. and the "aali-slavery
spirit." The pulpit baa hushed every conscien-
I vine institution. Tile Legislature has braved
I th- ...1 Af.-A ,1,. ki.i- s. . .ri....n.
deavor to make that ike element of Keoublicaji-
iam. Society, collecting and bandinir torether
its strength, has thralled every thing like free
thought, as it threatened w:ial death to nv
I man ah .i.onhi li.r. a .it
Vet amid this outspoken and united despotism
amid the Sunday si illness which it kept, and
which no hardy spirit ventured to break the
removal of persons and pro:erty to the free
Sutes has beeu more extended than it ever was
before! The conscientious left a tyranny they
could not brook. The timid fled an vil thev
dared not encounter. The aioney-Ioring es-
caped a future they feared to took at, much more
to meet. And thousand of Carolinians, thus.
have found, as thousands more rr undid? a
new home upon a free soil!
4. The vote ia Al!mm aud Untrei on the
rA,e ;,. Whenever this question is brought
up. it iuvolvea. ia a modified form, the uuestion
of slavery. on-laveholdera. and all a-hn ,'
opposed to the institution, vote, whenever occa-
" - - -
aiou otfers, for a simple white basis, that is,
aaint consiiierinir neL'roes as urooertv. or al -
lowing those who hold them, t have, in conse-
queuce, auy increased political power. In
Georgia, the white basis was near beine carried.
when the conatitutiou waa ailnntxl n .1 In A I.
. ,ioll .uitmillM,
I minority in it favor," as a leading statesman in
I .,.. a... m ..n ... n.. . .
ui .-ui, Hiu, waa awiuuy large; 1 llui is
1 signiucaui. 1 ue act means wnai 11 declares on
- . ., . ......
,to U n'V "-ay; curious
I r""OB ta iff. . MPiCF of
'"'" "I'atreJ to I. Te slaveholders." "the
I ludiviJual love of equality in the white;" but it
U l'l'ition to slavery, aud nothing more nor
I I-1. Wve tlie men who so vote a free ounortu-
ujy to do let them know that they can act out
l,w yoi" P""-"1 iin-slavery
I ttkTX7 would exirt in theoulh an hundred times
more effective than any nut of it
I it will not do, then, for these able perpetual
"t to confine their attention to "Abolitionism.'
orl"' '""mwai action cf the U lug or I'eruo-
.. . .....
cratic parties, iu the t ree State. A 11 "A uti-
Slavery t-pirit," entirely distinct from either
.u..n.. 1 1 1 .1
uuth, ana nome in
purp.1! exmts largely 111 .Missouri, Kentucky,
I irnneseee, i irgmia. .uaryiana, .orin Carolina,
f a'- ar 1 t .. I
I an-J, as we have shown, 1 a the i'almetlo region
itaelf. The Committee on Federal Relntious,
' the Alabama Legislature admitted this fact as
regards the first six State named, and advised,
years ajo, that "slavery should be kept
withiu theee Sutes, having aa "identity of iuter-
na w isuing 10 perpeiuaie ine lntiluti u, '
and, for this end proposed, "to stop the intersta-I
ie trade, pass laws against non-rwiieut
. . , .. .
F.r,r. wou.a mrUie.-ie ,ae a-gr.
7rrer, and keep out negroes, fron .Miry-
"nl. Kentucky and Virginia, Ac, aflirtningthat
"the more northern klvel...l-!in. al I
"buj- venouaiy agiiauiig emaucijation, ' and
",al ,n very iew years at larthet, the que-
tion will be .ubmitted to the tople at the poll.
aud be decided by them affirmatively." Thiscom
sentiment of Tennessee, Virginia, and Mary
land, aud, being a large slaveholder, could say
haw" far his brethren in these States, desirec or
""af to go, in the future. If our friends, the
perpetnalista, therefore, are not satisfied with the
evidence we offer on this point, they will at bsswt.
admit that of the Alabama Legislature.
iiavingmus, as we believe, establu-hed, what
we act out to prove, viz: that the "Anti Slavery
spirit" aad its "rapid progress" are not confined
, , ... .
fiaiea, wr purpose, nereairer, to ea-
quire, calmly, what influence the perpetual Ut
bay exerted ia extending "this spirit," and ac
cricnii "its rapia progreaa. Me may err;
but we think they hav bad mor to do with this
than their friends imagine, or they themselves
syaMI !. I
We announced last week, that Rev. Robert J. I
Breckeuridge hai been appointed S uperinteu- I
daat of Public Instruction for thisStite.
We are glad of this. He is a man of energy,
and will work to some purpose. W mistake
him rauch, if he doe not infuse a new spir.t
into onr public councils, and if he does not find
the people ready to back him.
Kentucky i sadly in the back ground, as re-
garda educational progress. Compare her con-
dition with the Eastern Sutes aa to the number
of people who cannot read and wrife;
And this, too, when we have a school fund of
tn'Jlim. Ir km m J red mud ttrmtfme tint
Had eight kindred mnd nineteen dolUrt! And
where is that fund? Spent by the Slat for In
ternal improvements! Borrowed for purposes
f'"?" U, iU c,Uo: '"7 4olrot this
loan.uj ana wisely applied, bereafter. to
IuisvUI ha done nobly ia behalf of free
chool. Thy are ber pride. Aad what is
more, the school will compare with any imi
iar iaatitutioa ia tb West! Let th people
then, demand their establishment wherever
children can be found te fill them iathe State!
The convention of thia n,ri. halJ . pi.ii.
. ... . r L V 1
r . I ylor for Preai-
V.Utr uorB' -Msshusetts, for
ice - reident.
A General Convention of Universalis! is be-
hald in Nw York city.
The Vretif Itmy Adcocmtew out against Land
Speculator.; Their plan, is, to watch the
growth of settlements; wben large cuough to
insure rapid progress, they buy up all tliry can,
and then force "settlers" to pay five timet what
they gave. Ask them for contributions for
roads, schools, churched, and they aia "so poor
that they cannot give." la this, neighborhoods
are seriously injured, and the growth of towns
checked. It would sem, "that Eastern Cupi
talists," have bevies of agents out in new pur
c buses, to make secure iuvetitment. The Advo
cate as, the people demand the action of Con
L'tv:- on thin point, and declares that the land
ought to be sold to the actual tiiler of th soil
ThU i its statement aud argument:
The moment that a quantity of laud, in the
same vicinity, is bought far Hpeculutiug purpo
ses, that luouient is emigration turned from that
imartor, and land in that locality is shunued.
The emigrant seeks another ipot, and us soon a
the speculator reuehes him again, another like
effect ensue until we see the f ice of the coun
try dolled with littlu aettlt'iiieiitts, aud these set
tlement eucouipa.-d with speculator. laud, a
.,,,. ;,.uieie.,l , country. 1 here
WOuld I no location shunned, uud consequently
no Un-I M.nv pjr or.ns in imuiy cise, wtu
The prin'-ijl will itiidotihtcrly Ih- asserted,
and iu some :is. it a good oue too, that the
market should not o restricted to uuy, and that
the speculator right and wios'y arc juxt as good
aa those of the actual settler. But we hold that
that system which work to the Rood of the :w,
through the wrong of the many, is au unjust one
1 and where the effect is wrong, the caase can
Mult wi,t prove au jnllediate settlement of our
Very fairly put, brother of Wiscousiu! And
hoP Congress will consider what you say
A11 tha weste" Su,e 1V beeu disturbed by
iUu "'n" cumf ' we kni!w MOW ,c,iou iu (),,iu'
here no settlements are maue,b.ause the land
I is owned bv large proprietor, fur away. We
uave no "Pthy with these aWntee capital
Uu- They do immense injury. Aud Cougwss
iuW. ')' k"l Fubl ,jud P'n iu
limit quantities, to actual tillers, charging
,llem the cost of suney, not only as aa art of
justice to the settler, and to help on and elevUe
U laborer, but as a means ot Kioppiug tlie most
corrupiing aud troublesome of ail fuaiiia'a lor
money making thut of land speculation.
We think some law of this kind m ill ba pased
next winter. I he new Mate are for it, and, if
I they push the subject wisely, they will carry it.
"-airiest . -aca.., :
I We notice the death of this influential citizen
I of Uovton with deti pain. He was wiiielv
kuown, aud, w herever kuow u, loved and lion
I For liostnn he has done mueli ! We doubt If
any individual there has uconrvli.lied moie.
I He worked for the present and fr the future: he
I saw what the day demanded, and he did it; he
I k new what would helu iiiMteritv. aud he Koiwht
, ,WUre it. For combinine thus public and
I . L
J private euterprue, he wasoue ol the reiutrkaM
I mm vi i tunc.
I .r .... .:..
I A ... I . 1. 1. : l. .. . K.-.u ....1
I uu men nm iimmfi " ungui aim
.potless! Hi. integrity, fraukue.. genero.iiy.
liherulity Iheae q.U.ities 1,1a
one ia the private circle, ,d ... honored exam
pie before the public! tionton Mts.iehuietta
mY uurn ' I'panur of micIi a man,
Tea Hoar Bill Kirlientent.
The New 1 fainpslure Legislature passed a law
der.laring ttn kur a legal day's work which
law was to go into effect iu August lat
It met. 11 n nclawily, nt-ifli Hlri.ae;
I from certain employer. The overseers of the
M nt M anchester, in Hint State, endeMorrd
to evade the law-by special contracts with o;e-
ratives, and, that failing, to force l iein into
meaNures. Neither plan succeeded. The 01
ratives are satisfied w ilh the law , and inist up
I on it enforcement.
In a Machine hhop, the following petition wa
sigiied by the workmen thereiu:
7" tkr Sturlknlder of the Amonkfir Muntfar-
luring Cjmpiny, ml Mmnehrtter, X. II.
The uudersigned would mot reectfully rep-
reaent, taat they are operatives in the machine
"hop of saith t'oinpauv, and that they would
Pvc"ied I.) the beneficei.t princile,l
the Law of the l.utt Irinlatiire of this State
whi,.,, recognires ten hours of continuous libor
asa iv s hoik; believing, as w- do, that it
woul'1 toT the interest of all concerned i I the
labo r of this cstablisliment. the employer, as
well as the employed that this principe should
prevail: We therefore would inont earnstlv
requehi mai you woum so act in the premises.
rr... ia inia auop at reqniPM to
1 iHiuir 1 mm fiHiin 1 1 1 1 v nn i . . n .
Manchester, Aug. 17, 1"I7.
This petition was iutpiutly declined by the
agent of the company. The reult was, a meet
ing on the part of the operative. The City
Hall, Manchester, was full to overflowing hun
dred upon hundred being unable to get in and
the foil owing resolution, except the fifth, pass-
ed with "tremendous applause."
Rrsalr-ed, That we hold these truths self-evi
dent that man is endowed by his Creator with
certain inalienable rights among which U life,
liberty, the pursuit of happinesa, a home on the
Mr,h r;Rhl ,to UlHr n'1 the Pwer to limit for
himself, his hours of labor.
KefleeJ, According to the law of New-
Hampshire, ten hours constitutes a legal day
Ketolrrd, That ten hours labor ia each day.
lietuhnl. That on and aftsr the 15th Septem
ber, we will not work more than the legal ntllll-
oa.n.JTr day- ..
lle$oittd, 1 hat we will sign no contract, lo
work more than ten hour n-r dav.
li,nlrd. Thai. to. tha nim.inrf t
'ation w pledge our lives aud our km red honor.
W 1 ..... . . . , iiiinv ICV
The fifth resolution was postponed for con -
aideration, until another night. The Mam-he-
tor paper says, it will b pa.i.ed. and that the
meeting will have the eifect of inducing manu-
facturers to adopt the ten hour system,
There has been circulated a communication
from an overseer, which, if true, abou s a bad
,ute nt thing, among employer iu this quar-
r' He says, "he is comjielkd to bow to Baal,
nd h"i image, or be guillotined." He advl-
ses the operatives lo be "cautious" and the girls
to "sign no papers." "We are many of us bro
ken down in constitution," he declare "from the
long time we are obliged to serve before we be
come qualified to take charge of a room, aud so
by the time we are upon the top round of
tha ladder, many of us are ripe for death, and to
tally unfit for any thing else."
Ibis is a slavery as bad as any we know of.
It ought not to be endured, and will not be. If
freemen are to sweat and toil beyond what hu
man nature can bear, if besides that, t!iy are to
become liars and hypocrites that tiiey may earn
their bread, it is time that public opinion ahould
apply speedily its corrective. Avarice can stand
much; but it cannot stand it hiss and scorn
The task-master may lord it over the operative;
but he dare not encounter the fierce rebuke of
the public voice.
Via II Kasisa.
A valuable correspondent in the Green River
Country, writes us:
-"The' idea of each county in a slave Slate.
having a right to be free, when a majority of the
citizens say so, by vote, i. a good oue, democrat
ic ia ita nature, and the very lever. 1 think, to
release a. from slavery."
A Liverpool tnerchant, RoartT Jsuirsu-, and
a nea-captaiu, Mr. BwrioiT, hava done aome-
thiug at laMt to penstrale the Interior of Africa
the firt by otrtaUing the means, the last by
exploration and discovery.
I he great water-vay, the Niger, ! navigable.
Mr. Becroft, has established the fact, that be
tween Lrtrr, bU highest point, and Boussak,
1 ara. a lowest, the interior is accessible. Navi
gation, up to Timbuctoo, may be considered
safe at least only forty mile of the river re
main to be explore". The Loudon Spec'utor,
speaking of Mr. Roeroft's enterprize as daring,
discreet, iiitellijent, a. J far above the trading
spirit of the time, eay:
The lower Niger and its branches permeate
au immense delta, containing thousands of mile
of rich fertile and wooded country. The un
healthy climate extend only for a limited space
inwards; and as you ascend the river tlie health
ineta becomes equal to that of the tropics geu
erall v. This rtgion i inhubited by negro races,
warlike, rude, jet uot destitup of civilization,
and eager for trade. On the middle Niger,
ulove Iddtdi, th) inhabitant asitume more of
Arab .e t, art! more civiliied, coiifrrepate iu
towns so large tUt one is meutioned which is
comjtuted to couUiin 'JO.OIHl iuhabitants, but the
people are less eujer for trade. They are preju
diced against straucers from the West by tlie
Arab dealers who come to them iu caravaua
across thu contlusnt, aud strive to exclude livals
from the market This prejudice, however,
iloef not sein to be very powerful; and the trade
which can repay the toilsome transit across tlie
continent by laud is sure to remunerate traders
who come by the comparatively short aud easy
path of the rier.
Iron steamer of light t'raught, aud heavy
otiriue power, nad hardy seamen, will enable
any traders to 11 aviate tHe Niger, aud it branch,
the TihadJak. at usarlv all seasons of the year.
Tlie Spectator thinks the best crews would be
Went Iudia black Why not Liberia, or
the people of Siem fount? They are accli
mated, aud kuow tlu habit, and ways of the in
It would seen tint the armed cruisers are jea
lous of each other, aud excite besides the jea
lousies of the ditWit tribes, tin the (iahoom.
Mr. Uxvaurr encountered much opposition from
a French commandant, who thought he was af
ter 'territory" by IrMty for the British Govern
ment, lie had hard work to prosecute his ex
ploration. We w'sk a part of the money for
these discovery exjdit ion waa loaned to I.ibr-
rtant, under the liargo of such a man aa Mr
Hectoft, on coud.'lita that they would open a
trade with the people of the iuterior of Africa.
t'aaaasrtr af tlacianaii.
The auuual sbtsment of imports and exports,
with the value, fir the yeareuding the 311 Aug't,
l'lT, it publisheil ly the Chamber of Commerce.
of that city. Tlis is the begiuuing. For the
first time a full ni l correct record, (saving mi
nor errors and omissions which result from
wagon arrivals tad the manner in which facta
relative to riven ommerce are obtained,) is pre
sented, and we tope all the cities of the West
will soon preset! a ximilar record. We present
Hour, corn-neul, corn, oaN, 3,1.1,41 79
Be.-f, pork, Ixon, lard, tallow, I ,H ,1 ." 17
Butter, rhee c, li.O-JC 7f
Apples, A; c, 16.1,'IU 55
Oakum, rosin, Ac, lH.l.tT III)
Such as eggs, jeaus, c , 0"-7,M7 51
li:illedand l-rmenlej, l,!M5,0il It)
Hide and Iatert 3i!t.-JIIS M
lilojins, iron, aad steel, Ac, l,57",f'.n 25
Such a bagging, cotton. Ac. I,w5i.l)9' .17
t tr whatever is receired by pub
lic ronveyanef iu package. ll,Tl.,4')il (K)
Grocfrien, ti.!.i ' 50
Uurk, coal, wotrj. burr aud g
sione, Ac, l,S'l,C77 Oil
Totai, $4J,l!U,Kn !7
Th is exhibit uet not embrace all receipts, but
only thoe of vhich correct data can be give n
Heavy team art continually arriving (in their
teasou) with FUur, Pork, Bacon, Whiskey, Ac.
On au average, ,'jnr hundred farmer's wagons,
mostly two hor. with apples, butter, cheese,
Ac Most of ti articles hay, potatoes, egg
Ac, A.C., come in this way. It i a pity
that sonui eKtimiii; had not been made of these
receipts; data ext, we should suppose, which
wc ill J enable tlie Intelligent Chamber of Com
mtrceto approximate the truth.
Flour, corn-ineiil, coru, oats, 3,lti-.0ti 50
lleef, pork and Won, lard.
tallow. - - - 4. r,:i,( m 1;
Beeves, horses, and sheep, - 175,'2!I-J 01)
Daisy I sodccts
Butler, cheese, ... 111.1 ifc 01
Apples, beuns, hran, eggs,
feathers, grease, hay, pota
toes, tluxseed, Ac,
Li'acoas, dittiUed and fermtnled
Whiskey, alcohol, cider, beer, l.C.17.77 70
M eta La-
Iron, Ac, .... 5I I.0 J6 50
Hrooms, bagging, candles,
cotton, hemp, IiIj-m, lard oil,
rope, sonp, suit, tabacco, vin
egar, wool, manufactures,
44 05 97 04
Coffee, molasses, aad suvar.
Iw-mf.r, Coxi., mi CoKr, -
1 9,92b 00 j
55 735 250 27
e uggregate of IiuporU and Export, if I
lea up, amount to - $IUj,. Vi.tt. 21
To this add Hog, re
We regret that we have not room for the
whole Report, for though dry, it Is instructive,
nil to merchants, important. We add the table
of Breads tuffs, quantity and value:
Value. Toal Value.
Flour, brl, 512,506
.. Meal.bufdi i6,i.j
Wheat, do 590.P09
Corn, do h96,05s
Oats, do 370,007
Rye, do 41.016
Barley, du 79,391
An effort ought to be male to ascertain the
land trade of Cincinnati. The report says, "it
would be fruitless." This is an error. System
, , , i v. .i i i
!mvii- iraurrii,. vi lawn aa7u vy tiiv x-rgiaiS'
ture, requiring specific returns, would give it
with exactness. The table, .how, when con
trssted, that thia laud trade is very important.
.Mejinbo.it arrivals, - - . - 3,729
Flatboxt do 3,330
Increase over 46, of Steamboats, 110
Average cost of $70 per ton.
1 onnage. I
tl "17 I
I he number of Hog packed this year, was
II lUin kin r.. fill' I 1. ik.. -r
O;0,000, being 55,00!) lens than th aggregate of
the year previous.
One of the most noticeable event of the year
was the speculation in Urain. lite season
opened with Flour at $0,80, reaching aa high I
wiiu arrorai iiiicrTouiuE uuciusuons, aa aD,M, I
on tlie seventh of Jnne. All other breadstuff,!
and some other articles, such a Whisky, felt
the Influence of the same causeraad roae and I
1 he Cotton trade of the city seem, largely on I
the increase. Sale, have been made here foMhe
supply of manufactories in Western New I
York. Tha number of bale received during
the year, amount to li,W, being 7,!1C7 more
than those received the year previous.
The exports of lusky seem also to have In-
reaaed very much, i lie number or barrels
shipped, is " - - - -
lu lHi5-M6.it was - - - 13H,b,3
Difference, ... 15,!C6
The Report says:
Iu reviewing the event of the Commercial
year just closed, it must b acknowledged lo
have been, in ita general results, one of unusual
nrusueritv.M reirards not only the City of Cin
cinnati but the entire country tributary to, and
affected by its trade; and, although the prices
of BreudhtufT which had previously attained to
rates unusually hizh, have siuce experienced a
rapid decline, seriously aifecting the fortunes of
lato holders, the pant year lias unuouoieaiy, 111
the aggregate, enriched the West more, and
added to its real Capital a larger amount,, than
any which h preceded it.
'J male f Mete Orlraaa.
The statement of the busiucssof this city for
the year ending Aug. 31st, lies before us.
The cotton crop U set down a an average
uua. No estimate is under 2J100.000 bales. Of
cottou there was:
Stock on hand September 1, I e-IG Rules C.332
1 . . . .1 . -1 1 ,0-
Arrived since that date.
Exported to date,
Stock on hand aud ou shipment not
cleared on the 1st September, 147
Exports to Great Britain
Do. North of Europe
Do. Spain aud the Mediterranean
In Tohticf there i a great falling off. Total
arrivals this year 5G.7U3 hitds, against 71,535,
last, showing a decrease of 15,301. The crops
are sent forward by Pittsburgh and the Lake
to the East, and the probability is, that in this,
and other articles, the trade of New Orleans
will diminish, aa facilities of reaching the sea
board multiply. Of Tobacco, the following
statement is made:
... . - 1. 1 1 1- ... 1 1.1.1.. 1 ? nr
Arrived since to J.te. . . - 56,792
Exported to date, - - 50,094
City cousumption and baling, !,6t" 51,9n0
' 1 ' '
'lock on hand and on shipboard not
Ki porta to Great Britain, hills ,
Do. North of F.urojie,
The .sugar crop last year was fcbort.. It is
estimated at li'l.tHMI hogsheada. Thia year it
promise, well. The quantity of molatte is put
down7,000,ll(KI of gallous. The tojte trade ia
on the increase. Increase by direct arrival over
last year, 07.KJ5 taCk.. Import from Rio Do
Janiero,0lKI.0-,7 baga, against 015,031 last; from
Cuba, Laguira, Ac, 44,60" againat H,7.
Total supply adciug 20,000 sacks of lat year,
up In 1st September, 073,915.
The arrivals of tckeat have been large f-05,-
0T0 sacks agaiust 369,199 last year. Tolul ex
ports "l4,'J3:,of which :rn,71 sacks were
sent to Great Britain.
So, also, of Indian Corn. Receipt up to the
1st of Sept., were 3,014,031 sacks against lr1j-,.
ON) last year exports, 2,525,340 sacks, against
s-f9,90) last year. Sent to Great Britain, 0,043,-
amount to 1,636,037 bbls. against M9.703 last
year exports, lo 1, 301,946 against 547,005.
To Great Britaiu alone wa shipped 6.11,500
bbls. Exports were, to:
New York, 60,6-15
Other coastwise ports, ... 40,5'
t; real Britain. .... 631,500
Other foreign pt, ...
I'o, k. Receipts duriuir the vear 075.969 bar-
rein, aguinat .lii:w..'t bbls. last year.
tjtrd Keci-ita.lnriniTlK. .,.)." 11'. k..
ami 1INU00 barrel.. Kmnrte.1 7411.01 3 fc. '
tt'A..I.w 1 1. 1. .... I-I mI K I.
- , 1 - - ' - - -
i.r-.in.l I I . JTS Ikarrala .-a.
Hemp. Keceiot during the year -.404 bales.
r.xports. jJ,.. bales
Hagziuir mnd OaU Rope. The receipts of
tlie year nave been b.,P"w pieces of Jtaggiug, ex
ported 09.S" pieces, and i9.0l I coils rope; ex
iiorte.l, I",5!I7 coils.
Silt. The receipts have been 415,316 sacks,
against 060,00(1 mcks last year.
Iad. The totai export of the season are
li.il, J 10 pigs againrt 0,49 last year.
Mod of Pork mnd Beef in the inspection H'r-
hnmtel on the 1st Srptrmhrr, 1 4 :
l learl'ork.brN 0 Soft Prime 1.1(1
Me li.tidti Rump :C7
M. O. I .tilo rrime Mess K)
Mess Beef, hrls
lufcr'r A damag'd M4
lateral .? .vtarLrt.
The news from England, in monetary mat-1
lent, is very bad; yet it does not cr-ni to dis- I
,urb ,ne momeU public, t-.ast. I here is cer-
taiuly no alarm evinced.
Every thing just now is iu our favor. The
halauce of trade is with us, and we are not, a
' 'mre 'n' dependent upon Eugland for our
propenly. Had we beeu, the late intelligence
would have created a erioio.
Specie has been coming to us, an 1 G re.it ill i-
tain has been compelled to supply it. This flow
is checked. The New York merchants say, if
our State securities are forced into the Londont
market in cousequence of the pressure there.
sterling exchange will advance, and make i
cheaper to ship specie than to send bills. In
this event, there will be contractions here, aud
Great Britain will get back much of the coin she
bua aent na. I
t-l . . i
i no returns snow an extensive increase ofl
imports. In August, cash duties were paid at
New ork to the amount of $.1,000,000; while
the usual amount of free goods were ware.
housed; and the porta of Boston, Baltimore, I
Philadelphia, show a like overflow. The conse-
quence will be ruin to many, and loss to all.
.aa a I
iNay, if there be a continued difficulty in Eng.
land, and our merchants, flush in means, reck- I
lessly keep up excessive importation, we shall
nave er,u trouble ere we see the end of it
Suppose a specie drain to England, from the
causes mentioned, an i a specie drain, without
return, to Mexico, and we shall be in a bad way.
For we ahould be receiving no coin from abroad,
and sending it away all the while.' It may be
well for prudent merchants to look cautioualy
about them, and move with a wise prudence, es-
peciully if th temptation to buy largely, be
. The Springfield and Meredosia railroad. 111., I
crriaia win oe in complete repair, ready for j
travel, within th ensuing year, say. the State
. . , , ,. . , .
In KichnwJt Indiana, the "right sort of
nea' DaT" taken stock to secure the charter of
the Richmond aad Miami Railway. The next
,ki i..n u ,n ,u. , j
" w. unuer
Nothing mor nor lew, reader, than cheese,
"That tal mus-alen cbease
that Shakspear talk of, hut freah Western
heese, and lots of iU A" bert of tni is
- a a
hard to beat. It can't a aone ia caeauu. ar a
Dillingworth. And for proof look what a
trad w ar drivinf In it. Why, Un yara ago
there arrived at Hudson, only 15,500,000 lb.
this year, 3 l.HOLl lbs. What laU f ebe
eatera there mut be sea-board wie! Herkimer,
N. Y., nuke 8,WM,000 lb., St. Lawrenc 9,
000,MM) lb., and "Darby Plain," "Hamburgh,"
Ac, are known at home, and make men smack
their lips when mentioned and abroad, too, w
lake it for fifty-tw countries though th
French aud English tak th hulk buy of us.
Aud down South, where tbey can get plenty
of bananas, oranges, and delicious fruits, they
eat cbeese enough t try their digestion. Why,
Cincinnati has doubled her trade, (ahe has ia
creased iu three years over one hundred per cent.,
as the Gazette proves, it being in 144 a little
over one million pounds, and ia 117, more than
two million and a half) with New Orleans.
The Cresent City has it share. Sea how the
trade has increased there in the last ten years.
According to the aunual statement, 1st Sept., it
We don't know the tteight of the boxes;
but they contain a "heap, that's certain. A ad
its all gone! -
Success to tb cheese trade, though we don't
eat a bit of th article.
Hallway Ha. l.aaia.
Ji otiE lIrTisuTO addressed "au enthusias
tic meeting at Terr Haute on the 2th ult., as
to the railway between St. Louis aad Cincinnati.
lU lhink the C0UUt,M ltfn "d IIf.un to
me roan, couiu duiiu 11. unsenpuons com-
I meucad and over 150,000 raised. If we could
ii. ..J Cninrkr k,i m;.l.t !
I , , , ' , , .
,U fn.l ia MluU? H h.l iul uoimn uk far I Jill.
isville? Friends, work energetically, and let u.
see what we can do. Judge Huntington, main
ly , haa started th ball as regards th St. Louis
railway a few such uieu and w hav them in
abundance if we could only ntnrt them would
I awaken railroad diacuaeions all about u! This
doue, railway. woulJ soon follow.
The Executive Committee of this body were
iu session iu New York ou the lath. They
1. They confirmed the doings of the com
mittee at Chicago apportioning the work to b
done mon uWommittee
That these sub-coiuiuillees should report
to a select committee of five who should exam
ine, combine, Ac, which select committee shall
report to tha Executive Committee, at Washing
ton, at such time as they may appoint.
3d. The select committee was authorized to
prepare queries on different subjects, prepare a
general form of a condensed tabular statement
or the guidance of the sub-committee which
statement should refer to the year beginning
t September 116, and ending 1st September
117, to insure uniformity.
The Chairman. Aiinr l . .r.
V SX S SL'L'WI U KTU
the following gentlemen a select committee J.
CSnencer X. V. Jaaa R TKm.... Ill 1
Hall. Ohio, S. B. Ruggle, N. Y. and Ihivid A.
Mew Vorti (aaala.
The following statement, says the Albany
Atlas, shows the amount of tolls collected on
each of the Stale Canals for the month of Au
gust in each of the yean 146 and 147:
On what Canal.
Aug., '46. Aug., 47.
$250,50 67 $39,4 M 00
K,00 50 13,069 06
7,6ti3 01 10,000 31
0,79f, 4" 3.4! 4 49
1.660 5.1 0.0.15.17
160 16 183 03
0.357 00 0,93 40
0,670 90 0,-95 00
06 91 43 16
Cayuga and Seneca,
;. , i
' 'neuia MA',
OO. n I VCT I IllprOVeilieU
" '"K I"""'
Total, $07n,79O 16 $404,3 96
The increase in the month of Augnat this
year, over the corresponding month last vear,
- - - $146,093 H)
The total amount of tolls received thia vear
from the opening of navigation to the close of
August, tour months, is, $0,215,403 7
Do. for last year, 1,507,77 00
The Cherokee cold water army had a grand eel
ebration August 1 1th, atTuhlequah. There waaa
panule, banners, music, speeches, Ac. A num
ber joiued. A cold collation waa enjoyed by
tamp meetings are noticed. One at Flint
I was effective in converting many. The Chero-
1 kee Advocate thinks the cause of religion and
The fugitive from the nation bad Indian)
w-ere routed at the Boggy by C S. troops. The
Jumper, were caught stealing horses, and
flojrg-vl. They are a vile set, and, says the Ad
vocate, may have to "hug a auplin" again.
I'm veal tan astnl.
Whole nuuiher of vote on tlieCom.'s
Whole vote for a convention. - - 90,639
Majority of the entire vote, - . 4"r139
Over one-half, which it would have
required to defeat the call. . 24,159
This iucludea all the counties in the State,
and the full vote aa reported to the Secretary's
1 "at vote, w shall endeaor to giv next
We knew some lively girls who used to call
a gallant widower, having hai dozen children.
nix. (Nevertheless, be found one of
them willing to take him for better, for woraal
The Emperor of Brazil an nou aces to Mr. Polk.
the birth of one often daughters, in official
"tvle. The girl would hardly nick-name him.
if were a widower. "One and tea" wouldn't
Tja 1 S . .a a
mot anu contusion prevail here. A writer
ys, "licentiousness prevails, and murder is
common." Kape, robbery, Ac, are spoken of
as every Jay ail airs. Col. Price ia severely cen
sured. By aud by w .hall get at th trulh of
Midshipman, W. W. Pollock, made a. assault
upon the Editor of the Baflslo Commercial.
He fired at Mr.Jewett, without warning. Pl-
lock was nrreated, and i now I. iail. Ourhl
not auch conduct to bo noticed by th Navy
Vermont, Whig, by dimiaiahad majority. No
election of Governor by the people.
Mmime, Democratic by aa iacreased majority.
No Whigs elected to Congr.
Wioeomin, ha elected a Whig delegate to
The tall of this brave ofW will U lama.tas
deeply, in South Carolina, and wherever h wa
known. HU early training waa, arms. JJia
last exercise, martial heroism. IIa Wattm
all who knew him were sur he would fit
th bead of hi columa.
Piebck M. Brnxa had noble qualities.' Ce.
tier manners and a kinder heart belonged to aa
mortal. In his family, and ainl-1 th privat.
circle, he was al wayaa joyous and geaeroua .j,.
H out using giaun wherever he went, es.
feriug happiness pa all with whoaa he held cua.
verse. 11 had learned early t forget Duaaelf
and f.-iends, therefore, could never forget hun
Col- Butler served iu the Iadiaa wara amLn
Gen. Jackson, wa cbaaen Preaidest f
State Bank of South Carolina, aad afterward
elected Governor of the State. He waa a noil;,
fier. But hi mildnes did a great deal to ckas
away the fierc anger aad settled bate which
had characterised the actioa and conduct af th
two partiea in that State. For several years past,
he has been Indinm Agent in the far West, aad
the Indian louad ia bun a true trie nd, aad Gor.
eminent a firm aad honest officer. It may b.
: J I .1 I ik.l I.. w. a .
aaiu, ihucvw, ua mm . 1 1 t-a f ay
motive questioned, except by speculator w
ought to trample on the rights of the red ua-'
and use the highest authority to sceompC
tlieir sordid purpose. (
Peace to the reinxins of the gallant kT
and good citizen! He did hi duty, nobly,
light was given him. Yet how cruel, haw t
natural, how unchriitiaa la war, whea it
mands th sacrCc of all the aobler qualities ,
soul, aad of life itself. This true hearted saaa
would hav shruak from harming tha porat
Mexican; yet he waa killed, slaying humlreu f
theaa! It ua labor for peare aud the arts f
KelW rr 5tew ttrleasM.
A meeting has been held iu New Orieaai rail
ing apoa abaeut citizens to aid the sick aud uv
inf. We hope the call will reach them in arasoa.
The suffering baa been very great there, an.:,
while the citizens remaining have done Vint
duty nobly, giving ol their mean freely, aausi
poaing their person daily, ia aiding and waiting
a the sick and dying, they nave not keen aK
to meet, at they wished, all th calls mad
upon them. Who will not help in such a cause
Any money forwarded to the llowrJ Atari,
lion, New Orleans, will be proprly Uistrbutr-I.
We have Meridm dates to the 17 th. Tit In
dian, on the 30th July, roseand muruered.wiia
unheard of ferocity, all the people iu the vil
lage of Tepic, sparing only the woiuea for ba
purpose. This attack united the partie that
had rent the Government, and aa effort
made to catch and punish them. Tepie waa re
taken, and th Indians dispersed. The inhabi
tants were prepared to resbt them, if they tbuuU
renew th attack.
The Telegraph brings news of failure in r
York, and of great excitement in Wall Str-ret m
consequence of a forgery on last Tue;ay, ta
draft of $10,000, by aa extensive broker Mor
w sweat and toil for money! And huw !ilt
real satisfaction all thw labor brings! blewsi
are they who are content with competence, aJ
seek neither poverty nor riches.
Littell's Litixo A.. We have received No"
175 of this Periodical. It is. as asaa. rierlitmi
To our readers generally, but ejcialU to tho-e
who wiah to keep pace with the literature oi'th
dav, and can afford only one Journal, we a un
hesitatingly, that fAis, among many go.l uti.
is Ike 11.
K. M. Wil.dc, the poet aad si holarhas fallen
before the fatal epidemn: at New Orlean.' lie
was known over the land. In the South h
wielded a wide influence, aud waa nuvcu adui.reu
for his talents, and honored for hi e.-elW-iM s ul
We copy, from the N. Y. Tribune, the fol
lowing article, because of the views which it
auppose certain distinguished men to hold:
The Est ret uses the following arguuirDi
againat inflating on the Wit mot Proviso:
"If the Maue is made, Henry Clay cannot la
the Whig candidate for the Presidency. lt
late, Kentucky, votes to a man araiust Hi'
Wilmot Proviso and if he coneut to run, L
will not run counter to the united voice of hi
friends and neighbors. Gra. Tmwlur, a '
holder, i ia the omwte position."
Th Express has no warrant for dragging Mr.
Clay into this controversy as an adversary of the
Wilmot Proviso. That the Whig Member,
from Kentucky all voted against the Proviso, on
a call of the leas aud Nay, is true, an.) ju-t
as true that most of them voted for the Pro -o
iu Committee of the W hole, where the name
of those voting are not recorded. Most ua
doubtingly do we believe that Henry t'lay.witli
two-thirds of the Wbigs of Kentucky, would
rejoice at the success of th Wilmot Pro vim.
Regarding Slavery in their own State asaa evil,
though for the present irremediable, they raa
not favor its extension and propagation in re
gions whence it has long been excluded.
As to Gen. Taylor, if he is not favorable to
the principle of No More Slave Territory af
firmed by the Wilmot Proviso, then is be grosaly
belied by thot best entitled to know what are
his real sentiments. We have had the assurance
that he is so from thoae who could not well be
deceived, and who wonld not willingly deceit
others Then a hat remain.- of the assertion at
new York Fair.
The Stat Fair commenced a the 1 Ith at
Smrmtogm. The great agriculturist Mer
Vail, Wads worth. Ac, were present. The two
moat novel thing mentioned are the Hydraulic
Ram, of which we gave an account in No. 11
of the Fxaminer, a new hemp brake exhibited
by Lewis Sauaders Esq., of Ky., "a pioneer aud
distinguished actor ia agricultural induatry."
A correspondent of tlie Tribune says:
This is the machine patented lately by Mr.
nderaon of I.ouisviile, eminent for hi expe
rience in that department, and one who has
expended more thought on the means of sup
plying for it this great desideratum than any
other individual. Societies, a well as individual.
sometimes throngh honest error, sometimes tor
want f tune to examine or rapacity to judge.
aad sometimes, again, to produce a momentary
diversion of the public mind and gain eclat, lend
xneir name to new invention that tara ot to
be heer humbntrs, or fail "In the Ion? run." but
if Mr. Saaadera, whom I kaw well peraoaailv.
and Mr. Anderson in like manner by reputation.
anould unite In attesting Ibis to be the trie ii.
so long and anxiously sought for, for one I shail
giv ia my adhesion. I heard Mr. S. promising
the editor of your farmer. Library ! supplv
him the meaa of illustrating it con-inirt.a
and peculiar advantages.
Th Aaaual Report of the rororaisaioner of
Patents, jast published, contains, in addition to
other valuable matter, a tabular estimate of tb
crops for 1846. Th aggregates are thus gives:
Wheat, bu 10ts54,0lMl
Barley, ... 5,160,660
(ma la, - - - 15.1,000
Ry, - - - 27,175.000
Buckwheat. - - 10,068,000
Iadiaa corn, - - Il799.0u
Potatoes, . . . Mi ,390,00"
Hay, ... tous 14,065,0U
Flax and hemp, - - 37,500
Tobacco. .. - Ih. 1H7,400,000
Cotton, ... 93ti.08S.000
Rico, ... tos,765,000
Silk, eoceoB., - . 4S6.530
Sugar, ... 226,006,0110
Th. Commissioner, in giving this statsaieal.
say that whil no pretension U made to com
plete accuracy, the beat onrcea of infennatioa
hav been consulted.
Hn. Cauxk Towjsmd, died at Buffalo,
Aug. 14. Ho waaoao af th oldest citizens af