Newspaper Page Text
tWZJVt X A M I K E R .
j. c. vm gii . ri:To.
F. C'OKUY, AfciTiKT I.oitor.
OCT. M, mi.
Wo eaiueai'y request those of our friends
who miy not have remitted their subscriptions
to do so at once.
The turn is a small one; yet it U very im
portant to cur kuccev. Oar eipenses, necessa
rily, are heavy; end as we n-eet them promptly,
art hope subsentxrrs will meet their obligations
at promptly. ce terms on first page.
A I'ilhr Tr&l.
Jaige Urn swoon ia Lis address at Frauk
firt, January lilh, lwlo, said:
'Communities tint have no slaves, surpass
those which have, ia almost every thing which
re&afi iili con-foruMe."
Why shou'. J we sacrifice our grow th, aud ne
cessarily or happiuet-s, for slavery T Why for
thia, siiow other States to surpass us ia what
mskes lifecomforia'ole? This remark of Judge
Underwood, uie.-its further an J fuller notice,
and we hiK give it lit-rraf.tr. Meantime let
our tea-ocrs n ll.t-t upou it, aud say w hclber it be
not literally true!
t 4H seal ia.
The mode of revising the constitution is thus
Wtirii n n- point out ine nceeiaiilT of
aiiiiiiiti; t!ii tOiiaii.uiiu i. and w!s-n a majority of alt
itsr iucai'rt elected lu -aen Ikwist of Ihe (enrtil aaseai
M. 'tiim iiie tiri imy tins of lleir staled
auituai --iom. 'uuciir i AMifit a la-r lor taking I be
sense of i.a -s-opte ui I'n eoniaionweauli. as lu
lite oeren y a.nl t i-iir o; callux aronveiiikiii.il
.bail isr ttir duty i!,e s.-errjl ,rtenia and oiber. re
tu'u.i.g ni-eis al iik- nrii r-cr;d tleciiua wh k shall
tef.ed tor frir-.-tii ji :v ai:er ill. pl4e of atari) law,
to open a it lor. iu nuke . reiura u t t,e ets-reitrv for
theiiuK u-aHs, oi i: uiun i all ino muled la sole
lur ietnet-iii.ii.ve. m tic t.av, vu'-rl imr:-liinf acMive
m ; 4 it i:nre i iK. ii ii lull at;-ar that a majors? f
aJI tnretiis- u or I m. !! milled luvo r luf irprraeit-iaut-.
iitvr voted I r n rouve mi.i, i!h criMtal Mfi.
bit a ia'.l dir. cl il.n! a uui.ar 'M tia i op url. and
tiKau l.ir !i lit 11 iru; a .4 n I'Mirt-iifturt. M iihall ap
pr mm mj ti'it .if U Hie niiini. oi tins Male enti
tle w voir tin reiirrMi.iriiVi f. Inure 4d kir a roiiven-
IOJ1. 1 1 J t.Ml ll Cn.U ukAl M-MltMI.Ca'l
a e""v-i''iu'i. ; uf a uaiiy Diuii-r a Uiri
al.a'i ' t i ! 1 tin--1 I rr,irv. trial if. amt uu iuirv ; la
l rtH -it iu i Mi'i.tr bidt'vpr and rtHiriion. at Ilia
il(,.l..fi. iii'' .' liiiie, tual rrcrrMinalii-ra
air. ivii.ii'M l.ir r.-itrtrniativtii : and
ntivt i."-in Hi inon'tw a"t la aai.l -rt(.Ht.
tar IIk- n:Jrr jt nitt :in .ai.m.iii.;. wr ciiaujinf
tin f.i.iuii-'ti. Tin it' it .n aiiiHr l' I voir u4
mm y.r at riaa'. It a aiajoni)" of ail I lie cu
iaa.a ..ii i fi lu-f ir t.irar...a:ivr- di ti.t ot
f m a e.iie:-ti"". aro'icfli: !iall i"t be cs'led.
The Lei!-itr", r.t i't tft aenoion, cncurrei
la passing a law 4 for tkiug- th aeose of the
good peoji'.c cf thi commonwi-afth. as to th
aecc.-s.ly i-ul cvp Jiei.ry of ca!!irg iconrru
lion," en i a is-je rav'ciity, ht th? time appoint
ed, ctc;r-4 iu fjtcr of hainjone. This pro
cess tiast be j acj tLroi'gU aain. Next ymr
DOt'.er o:t will I" ti.en, an.i if apaio the peo
ple crc'arfl fjr runvt'u'ioa. the Oen'ral As
Oimbly will ta'! i.
Th" i.ies.ion, co far, lias Lctn JecideJ wlih
ont ui".i!ij jiiutiou; iLe xc upon it tr?s ta
ken ati i ': o, is ljwyer sir. The trnnra
dbct iiiijoii:y fr conn'aiion, uair theae cir-cnij-u..c,
i a te.narkaV.e f ict, aui one worth
rsTio.Lrrin j ni.J tiuuking snojt. Every vote
wiUili'.J, U couut-J iu the negative. This pro
vision cf tae cjukutu'.ioa tukes the majority
requi.-fi a!aiot eujl, ia orJiuiry eiectioDD, to
MC3 U.)d rule. Vet witt.oa: auy opeu discus
io a visual thtt cf ait-tioa which at
tiches to .i pa'.::icA u.eiiures without the
i;bate wl.i.L to jrave ,ai:ion inrjria'jly oc
casioa.-- Ue p:ole have mJ, in thrir first
msfo. w'.-h ts-.'.oritire xo::?,"lcl have a
jnven Jo, t. c chacg our coiist.taiiou."
The rste hi li:ea f uruiahau to the rrankfjrt
Ciflxne!t:i, by the Socoui AuJitor, Tto.
S. Paoc v.'e sjijoia the taUc,
a.-! 1 i ti r
thereto, fcr clriias parpowi. iLe numUr cfi
lavas held ia each, cf the counties cf the fctate:
COr'Ti C i Co"'"a i Vo-xra for s j Vo. Paa
Ada'r, is-; ;0'J 1SJ1
Ain, 131 tii mi
Aacrsoa. v., tit ,t
Be)k. UII 371 uu
Jlra-kea, t.J l. Tti
tuillt, I. it 1-)
Boartxr, 1CI (41 t.
Barraa, a.a nn 4iyi
E'arkc ri :.f s. I'H l ;s in
lwo.e. lc-1 lit auri
BieaisUt. ti i Hi
bait). !i 1 1304 134!
talarc. C7 tit ,79
fcuiieT. i-l iit ill
Caay:i. liti 123 its
tiuai.l, U.J liil
Cfi'lS vSA, It IJ'rl ftl
i'torac. i's W 454
Caaoi. t e.s T3i
1SSCV, S'' S4l V4
Ci.-'On. 761 w fcii
Cuaiot;ani. el tst iur
tine, tii 437 nrr
Cril ea-Wa. 6ci ' J4 6y
Caloaa., I I" H t?i
Ciar. f'9 17
Dan.aa. w iyji
rrank'l.i, KJ SilTS
Favew. t.l i m.e.i
Ttoya. -'u i3
Fieaiuiir.; ti.l i'S 1O4I
lis a'm, ; : si
Graves. 11 1 iri
GrvtiMp, im WMi
G-S.it. 1.S1 ti T
Ortiwa. 147i fs Tt
Carrara. l'-O 1113 ii'4
Gea. iiil 3 ret tun
Hoiisn.-s. i7Ji iwi;
Huaero. lir s; 1344
Hatdln. Siil 17J tin
Hancock. il -'4 i4l
Henry. Ill 144 . If ft
Matlau, t-3. 417 el
Nil, tlU IftiJ
Harrwi. 14 13t7 t'rii
Hii.au.ai.. Cij SjO 7u3
jiteK).i. ' 447 :-n
JBtii. C7ci 4vl T.r4
jMaam.iie. l'J :3 SI3
KtVSIl. 14-J A4t
Kn-s. iwS vu .431
L-uf. 7i 4-
Lairuer "0 S41 3
Laarst. 7 is 471 it4
Lineal n, 1717 el aois
Lewis. U toil 351
Laarieace, 77 754 rs
Lnfati. 4 1151 S140
LirumKO", ti Hi afi
Mu!i'nhwr 177 Ha iI4
MsSmoiu ai.l i30 J4JI
iMoUjioa 7r. tlii till 2r
M,eer. ill HWi s?a
Msrwa. irn cl- ino
Mara'ia'!. Tii 'i 3ZS
McCrseaaa. 0-4 all Ml
Maaile, loct 7r4 ;,)j
Mourf. ItSI (lit T4o
MorfSil. 1 1 C- I3 l.T
Vseon ;iO tOTS 4 17
NVOoU tieT I00S 4r6
Ndaon, I? i 1047 ijf.i
Owen. 1627 Dal 140
Oatiam. ifrJO 751
Ohio. 14C9 V'lS IMS
Owaer. l i 77
Faivjr. ". !i in
t'aiaaaO. a, 17 It 17 111?
Fiae. 744 Ml Or1
Faunlctan. 1H4 M sei
Rocacas'., Ii"' aal 3wl
kuassi. 6r 19 Jrj
mpsaii, 6oI let till
Saelhjr. ki 13-9 OiU
tVotl, l7 T7 44)
.i.tcr, J lel7
Ted, 13)3 VuO 4lA
Trlyf. U:t7 Uol 47
Trlmile, 8-9 4l feu
ITnioa Hcj Jot Jc-1
WeodfOitl. 1 i3 H
Wavnc. 1M IflO Tsr
VYaTra. 'O0 IScV 50
Warner. -Ii I lsi
Wasaijn, iut at
137.513 TOUI Vlf39
Miwit or rn'c-s po led.-.
Cons" b -o-ai H.ajtri'y. o' maiortty over one
Lall ol lite wnn'v:eor lie Stale. il.Tjl
Tbeae msf ked tin, no returaa snarte voters are
uppol. 1 liere ini. l some iit.il vriaiH- in lliia
alcueiil lien (tie rziniiuatlon la finally matte; bill
UiO total qua i.crs win I e A-arly lor ect.
Tnere are, according to this return, forty-fire
thoaiaud two hundred and fourteen voters, op
posed to a caavention. Of the whole rote ia
the State, we may ear that ten tlttitd prrn$,
cm any average, c .'t no ballot at all. All
lections la oluer words, would show this "de
cil" amor; the qusliSed voters. Oar friends,
thereforeoppoied to a convention, have tb
benefit of this large non-acting class; but at
th tame time, lt Is but fair to reduce their num
ber accordingly. If ro, we Lave only tiirtg.
JctVituWtdicuvtlj iu opposition. All par
ti, therefore, ia Kentucky, yield the point;
and a convention will be called, with very little
resistance from any quarter.
Looking orer the table above, tad temtini-
tir;Uo eauatiea clowaly, wo cauwt holn.a.
1st. Tli?tia thoudcouutiliLavirtj nr a!vi',
tU? xm for convenilnu is jenenlly heavy
Some of them come olaa ui to t lie return of
qualiCfJ volcrf. Oiie ,-oet orer. Eut all of
t.mm, wherever aituaUxt, give large majorities.
"ii.l. That la tho coUBTlr-s mort liullo to
eiiiaucipatiou iulaeuccs, as uioag the border, la
tlm hill region, or where tlm" quesliou has brt'U
di.-K UiweJ, the largest mujorities are cast. There
is scarce an exception. Whig or Democrat
no niHtl-r the rekull i the aaiao.
?r!. Tliat the Mroiij pra-sluvery rounii.'s
fve the lieaviest vote against, or rather cant tho
f-wrt voli-i for couv.'utioa. There is aoir.e
slight variatiou here, Ltit It is o.ily uu txefp
tiou. Tiie return may lie regaraej asuuifonu
in this particular.
Eut the tah!e is opeu for iai-rwctiou, aud wo
io&ve each ou to examine it, aud Uruw his owa
Coiie!uioiu. For future reffrrnce aui remark,
we now put it upon reoor.h It will be found,
if we mistake not, an iuructive document
IVfcLkrr mm Wmr.
A writer iu Howitt is very arrerenpoa Robin
Many years aj o a heavy tax was laid ou
whiskey Kohiu loved it, and flew to tlm recue
He wrot "auld Sroteh drink" in defence of
that which ruitied him.
Hut bring ihi- colMuau frao his hill,
l.'iusp iu his che-k a liighlaud gill,
Say such is royul George's wilt,
Aud there's the foe,
He has nae taougbt but how to kill
Twa at a blow.
Nae cauld faint-hearted doublings teuee him
IValh coins, w ilh fearless eye he aees hlin,
itli bliudy baud a welcome gits him
And wlirn he fc's
His Ijttwt draught of breuthiog lea's hiiu
III f.iint huizaia.
1'lns is savagv. It is not like "a maus a
wan." But lictiiu hated lttxttioa, if he loved
akkl, mm4 h. hatrexi Wat rigor to his lan
guage und venom to his thought He would
have h:irml no o.ie. Uut he was for liberty
aud Scotland, and wheu "royal Ct-org's will"
threatened more and inor tho freedom of
eotiten. he jfnv vent to hi vengeful feel
iag! But ilii soug is forgotten. Wo koosr not
that we. eer raw It quoted before. Is it so,
with the gooi things said and sung by Robin?
We would not forget his great fault, but we
woul I remember Ills great virtjes and g.niuf.
lie hi lit up niauv a heart with noble thoughts.
He has tlirowu a charm round many agluiious
feliiir;. He has solaced the hour of thonnnds
Upon thousands of the humble and poor. Lot
tbesr d.-eua be chrrishej, avou thougl: Robin's
Tb .Muster Matins of London have short
ened 1 he hours of labor rr totei. Lt in now
i?1 li.-ori, instead of 6 as formerly. Lsbor
cessesat I o clock n rv ?:itu'av afternoon.
Th is is the result. Slat, of agit.ttiou aiuoug the
laboiers, and, secon i, of mutual agreement be
tween employers and employed.
otTfiaiaUrf um-m C'repatdesila.
"One that bus bet u faithful from tho le J tu
ning ' and who never trod the soil cf a froe
Slate, writes us from Eaat Tennessee:
I hare more hotie from vour Ues of irde
ptdirt county action ihan of ary principb;, I
bar.- seen promulgate.!. I Lave imrniitMri-d it to
twenty iotelli gent men, jid.I ihe very thing thev
comiuer.t i:pon Is, tne justice and equality of
Ine (rilliil.le. ,
enriv everv cne cl tlieni s.ivs
it III ilniArrj! ii an I ,. ...1 I I...... t
I - "uu jumi aua 1 s. i II' I K i l ii
you will push ..."
Ave.f.iend.we.hall. But take care that fou
j" .i .i- ., . ..
do the same thing. Th.s idea of liivin editors
to suss on a good measure sometimes breeds la-
j line in tuose who favor it. 7iiis will not
I answer. F.very man is a press a full, b'uring
! drelte and if he b In esmeat pntshU hert
lulu the thing be can ftir up the peiule n no i
, . . , . I
type em. Keuteiiiber this, I'leuds!
X t'--4.r r-Jnl writes US:
f-w ua s iiice I saw Miint
wuu ia, nc i.iuu"in iww llliri:a UI Ilia COUI4IV
..i i .r .i r. . .. ' i
I. . . I .1. .1 I., . . L. I .- 1 ! .
ould iTO for em tiiL'inalion. if tl.a Canst .tut Inn
! were chaugel." " t'iug, I shall proceed to your glorious Ke-
j Good news! But why are th two-thirds ! PblCi l ge expression in person to the grsti
; silent now If they would spenk out, set the ; luJ lhatiwellsmy bosom."
example to other conu ie, they kr.ow not tb I
.' good they might do. We rejoi.-e trulv rhat i Aciitsai.
rack U their di,posi-.io:.. But it w ould Mtir up
and rejoice hundred, of thousand if thev would
sav so bv deceive actio.,.
tl influential citizen and native declares:
J "To-day, I had a conversation with s!av-
! iioioii.g constable, living in this town. lie is
j strong fcr emaucipnticn, and s.iid, 'he would
j be willing to help to pay an emancipation
' speaker to addreae the pope of this oualy the
I next summer.' "
, Th;s is something like. There is action here.
Wiieu men make their tongues wng, lind let
their tiurves bleed, for a cause, we know thev
men somethiny. and will io something. That
man is a ho-t. He, and all like him, tmke their
mark. Ten such in every town fifty such in
every connty ia the Flate would not only
make strong the etniuetnation part;r, but carry
einnncipation ite!f triumphantly.
.A friend referring to the progress of the catie,
and the disposition on "the part of the Mia;ster
to support it sjivs:
I am told the Rev. Mr. one cf tho most
influential men in his county take Ihe ground
that so long as slavery etUu ia Kentucky, so
long will lahor be degrading. A very sensible
view; far every thing that promoter kleuee in
jures the country, as if lessens to that extent ita
productions, tVc. Ac.
It is so. The Rev. gen Jertian holds this view
But we mistake much if he stops there, or if he
be content to remain an Idle spectator in the
coming conflirt. Hi- piety I deep, and he
knows the evils of slavery well. That piety,
then will swell op, and pour oet its strength for
A di-creet, yet firm friend of tho rtiMe from
Wilmington, Deairerr, writes us:
"You have correctly and strikingly ahowu the
oilidrouce, bom iu I'.ie mcreaa w ptiputuuuu
and the value of land, in the Free over Ihe SVlave
States. Even in this State land of equU quali
ty wilt not bring as much by five or more dol
lars aa in the Free States adjoining, and if our
Legislature pass a law at its next aexsion, abol
ishing slavery (as I verily lieiieve they will.)
over one million acres w ill advance in less than
live years, five dollars per acre!
Delaware is waking up to her true interest,
and must ere long be nunr.bered with the Free
States. I tnm Kentucky and .Maryland will
not be long behind, and I believe if It were put
to a fair tote of all the free inliuhitauts of Vir
giuis, that faro fs ee would declare for free
There is certainly no cause for discourage
ment. It is a righteous caaxe, Mud must pre
vail. Cause for discouragement! No! we feel it
not; nor Co our friend. We may be impatient.
Some of us may think that the good work goes
on too slowly. Eut we all believe that it will
triumph, and fee! heartier in its behalf than
ever, l'lscouragemenl fortieth! hv. ou.
friend gives ua cheering news; we hear like
good accounts from all the mid-slave States; it
would be mean and unmanly. In any of us,
then, to give way. to doubt or despond, when
we should be up and doing, or as we any out
West, "putting on our strongest licks, for the
cause aad the country!
Lutenough for the present Our budget looks
big yet, and we are tempted to diva Into It.
Yet we moat put It oauido for the preeent, and
let our readers digest what Southern men, and
some of them slave-holders, too, say and think
Tio Alexaadri Caiette says:' 1
Tlie tide of erolirration from tho North is
directed in soma degree to Virginia,'" Tha ad-
TStitajes ohorta id this btaU, iroiu ita location,
edacities, and climate, are perir to those off-red
by auy other State of tho L'nion. With
an iiicrease of population and wealth, we hope
to see an ijcrrasedattfuiion to lluuflcUrt$.,,
Simnge! Free laborers are invited from the
N orth, and they come into Virgtuia, and rcotore
worn out lauiis, aud iiie the water power there,
to their own pecuniary profit, and the bent Jit of
the .State. Why cannot I irginiuu do this?
How hupprui jt, that lejf allow their lauda to
ruu to wate, or when they do so, tire unable to
resuscitate them? ' Whence conies it that fiey
ate u tiable to u'e the water powir they possess?
"I'i. slavery which does all this; first, because
of the uiauner it works tho soil, and, second, by
making aud keeping masters wholly unacquaint
ed with the rugged and practical affairs of life.
And ) i t many of these master would Loil over
with u ruth at tho bate nieiitioa of emancipa
tion! ' i
Wo know of no strotigtr illustration of the
lerri'olo evils that follow the track of slavery
than is to be found in ;luo mih;.!. I'icU as
staled by tho v.iiiuri i (1 uctlo. V hut is the
characteristic i f u Uui iiiupeunViicu .' To be
ready to do sluin. r 4.1.1 a.iun the iu.ivid
ual. .iiil vli il ,iri-I K-ii iui.it by nhicli this
iudepetiilt'iK .' lii.iy i" 1 nji en ' Tu be nl.X to
Use all our ain.ili.'-. !li: ullTiliost. Vet iu
the pari of iigiuu rclir.i to, there is neith
er this rea-iiues uor u!iiiil . lioth arc destroy
ed by slavery. And inMeuj of the cliaracler
iatics of a true iudcpeuueu.ee, or the mean of
eiijoyiuj, it, theso Virgiuiauti hate that false
pride which is couteut to lot others who poa4as
these qualities reap all tho bout-tils of them,
uuuer their owu t-yes, aud yet are wantiug in
the courage or foresight to remove the caase of
the w huio uillicully.
If slavery were done away with, planters iu
Luleru Virgiuia could reausilate poor lauds as
quickly aa Yankee could manufacture as
profitably could get along as well. As a free
State, iiuievd, Virgiuia would rise with a rapidi
ty of which the most sauguiue do not dream.
M'atlauiv AaU Irr.
Iu hi pamphlet ou Trim, Judge Nicholas
The slave question, properly connldered. Is of
the utmost iinpoi tauo) to the fi.ture destiny of
tho nation. Its pro ir consideration has al
raauy beeu too long neglected. It t ttmr jur
tcery itttttman, Wuertctr locut:d, to luk itjull
in Ik fiCt, iiutwtlluiandtiig il$ r,pulutfiirn,
au 1 to attempt either rameuy or paliittive against
1I10 uiiachu-i w-itu which we are tiireatened.
This U his auty, fully as much ou tho score of
patriotism us ol phuuuturopy.
Who doubts Who questions thecorreclueas
of lhH views? No man who has considered
the subject, or had the forocaat to look ahead.
According toaay ordinary calcuialiou the
slave population, iu half a ctulury, will bo
1 twelve or thirteen millions! According to tho
i Charlei-toii Mercury it will swel , iu that per.od
to tiltecn muliona:: " tial art wo to do w Ui
lhm?"aiks Judge Nxholas. it ia ail iule tu
say th question is too foarful; it has to le lin t;
aud we must, too, riud a ruuedy for the ill iu
voived iu it.
We know the "repuUivenese"' which aituches
to any aitaliou of slavery. No Ulesmau
likes to encounter it no citiien is w tiling to
meet the shock. But if we could look tfi eues
tijo '-full in the face," this "rejiuUiveness"
would lie forgotten, and we should then ac
knowlctige lhat we had neglected it "too long,"
and w ouiicr at a timidity which hid caused us to
Why not 00 our July now? Why not
. wn .. . . . ,
-e.. Uu, p ..
""''' W'" .or.ue evr
i m our power to do so. H e hsve cnlv to
i arii u.
We duet the hour is near when the adiice of
on of our wisest men will be acted upon bv
the wie and good of the tate. Let as not
longer tiiniper with Ihe tiiiliculty, but bravely
nieef. aud bv s
o meeting, humanely conquer it-
l nlkM-r .Hallktcar.
This good man intends vi.itiug
.. . , -. v . . .... .
next .ear. "Next snriue. he sais. "fioil rr.
, r- J r
I 1 '"""i? If'-'" v.ce
M" ,,,e Kllo'nZ VM Put it by
fr"ad; tul fim l,wk our rad it Tha let
hi in give it to the schoolmaater, and gt t him to
Whoever became a man of iutluence by sit
ting under the harrow of despouueucy ? What
slow poke ever benefitted thu world, his friends,
or himself ' There s nothing likeactioo.couplnd
witn cueeriuiuess. vt e aew it even' w Iters.
Who is he siltiugou that wiipty burr el on the
w hat f ? A niau wilh no energy a prey to gief.
Hedoei not know what to do, and how to Mart.
ho is thut man with foited arms standiug in
Ihe market place? A laay do-little sort of vaga
bond, who hurdly earns Ins bread aud butter. Do
you wih to become such a character I Then
uroute youre!f; asayfroti ihe arm-chair up
fiom the gutter, out nf the downy bed! M v
your aruiH, kkk your feet, and stirabout; give
the biood a chance to circulate through your
vein, aud the uirc.f heaven to enter tour luncs.
Seize the firat job presented, and dcMputrh it at
once; up lur tne pay, and get another lorthwith;
you vill soon earn enough to purchase a wheel-
oarrow or a h.m.i-cart, aud llisti von will berin
10 live. Who knows what you liny become?
tnergy is half omnipotent. Smi!l beginoiLgs
enu iu large (thiih; a peuiiy well turned tiriuga
a fortune Kesulve theu to to aometliing aud
be soiiitdiiug,and, our word for it, you will blisa
u to your dying day lor preaching thin fiiilj.
fully to you. Wright't papr.
A correspondence is published between our
Charge at Buenos Ayres, W. A. II irri, and the
French and British Aiiibassudors. The latter
disclaims authoritatively any intention on tho
oiirt of their governments to disturb the inde-M-ndcnre
of the Argentine Confederation or Ihe
it "public of Uruguay.
.tlsMtaeao yet Meihoa.
A Mfliet lu UmCbaikMuu M..VUIJ a.ka w
the maiinea of those who in Wosteru Virginia
Western North Carolina, &c., propose altering
the fundamental law so aa to give conn tics the
right by majority vote to say whether sUvery
saould cease. He declares "it would undermine
tho institution! It is the height of mad Bins
aad injustice" Let us test this.
i'rince George, a purish has, say ICO voters
Spxrtauuurg, say 3000. The one has an equal
vole in the Slate Senate with tiio other but the
former is a thickly studded negro quarter the
Utter made up of small farmers, and non-siave- I
holders. Priucs George has large rice and cot
ton plautattous; Spartanburg is a mineral and
graiu-gTOwing region, and of course slavery is
not very profitable there!
Now, suppose lu this Parish, and in this Dis
trict, it should so turn out, that while negro la
bor built up one, it destroyed the other sup
pose, thin being the case, Spartanburg should
say to the oulh Carolina Legislature, "we
don't wish to disturb the property cf Prince
George; wear wiling, however wrong It may
be, that her ftw voters should have the same po
litical power that we, with our many voters, pos
sess; but we are unwilling to have all our ioter
esti crushed, and, therefore, we ask the privi
lege, legally, to rid ourselves (no body else,
and without Interfering with the rights of any
other parUh or district) of the causa of it
slatery" what. In justica, should tho Legiala-
turo reply T "Your request is reasonable gov
ernmenU were Instituted for the blessing of
the maay, nn the fownJ, though TrUco
Georje'lt earned by slavery, yet a you j are
ruined by it, j'u ought to have the right to
forbid lis txlJnee forever among you" or as
tho Merc ury nju Lai it You are mad you
soek Injuftinc-yoii shall bo Titled a Prince
George Li, eve if it does rain you."
W leave it every man's common sense to
reply. We in y safoly rest the point with the
justice of an man not warped by passion.
Aud yet this Mercury writer denounces the
very proposition aa tho height of maduess, in
justice ard finnVclwm.
Near Beit slamg !
. Mt-laucthot (night, of Montiou, Iowa, sud
denly disupptated. In his room, after he left,
was found a hutcbet, bloody ou the edge, aud
with liumanhair upon it; his hat cut, as if the
hatchet had beeu used; and other murks of
struggle and violence. Three men were sus
pected, seize, Slid only saved from the ven
geance of tin crowd by being put iu jail. The
brother of Melaucthon, J. B. Kviuiit, evidently
supposing tiat he was not murdered went in
pursuit of hii , aud found him uu enlistod sol
dier iu St. I.o lis. He had played this trick be
cause be wu Involved, and wished to be re-
vei:getl upoudiie of tha parties arrested!
What a -H-ou for laviessue.! How warn
ingly does this example speak to the people
against all iidulgence of summary violence or
vengeance! Iu this instance, three human be
ings, upou vry plausible evidence, wvn lieur
being hung i a popular tumult, when the only
guilty oue anting them was safe and far away!
Never allow ktwhtui passiou to take the place of
the law nor popular tumult, wiihcriea of ven
geance, to usurp the authority of the court.
Sucli wrongs, tlmy iudic.t the deepest wouilds
t'eraous, not resiing the South Carolina pa
pers, would baroYy credit the extremes to which
they go on the lubject of slavery. Let us quote
a few passages from them.
The follow uig we take from the Charleston
"Kut we assert that the jurisdiction belongs
to shtveholders.as forming States or occupyiug
Territories, audio them only. We object to the
extension of lli Ordinance of I7p7, or the fur
ther applicalio) of the .Missouri Compromise.
Thev were unvise concessions, having refer
ence only to t bir special objects, aud must uot
bo leriiiilled any force of pneedeutor further
extension. Wt must concede and comproiuiae
no irm re. We iaiin, and will have, by rights
existing before, a well as by the Constitution,
ti,e tc.tiiie finiifs una ertrntef tin ttderml rm
)iire, WAeriM ft, attrit, tctiu man, A is riAl tu
hit siWe, whether in State or Territory, umt tu
kit labor, at ictil at perivH, iu m'.l (rrrisry sol
note embraced isidcr that rdnunre and cttin
, This is goilg the whole. But neither
tho Mercury, nor its corresponded Is stop at any
point abort of uUolute sway. They auggest re
taliatory la i, a.id even go so far as lo propose
commercial ageicies at Brazil and in Cuba.
Listt u again lo Ike Mercury:
"t in the subject of ottr relations w ith Brazil
and Cuba. t.veitiMied to be disturbed bv the
same meddleaous npirit, a remedy might be
foil ml in acointi.rrci.nl agency In both countries.
Their citizens shsnld lie eulijhtetie upon the
nature ol our 1 oiilcih-r.tliou, and the relation
which lh.. v.ir.oui nortsof it bear toeaih other.
They should bo made lo understand that the
inoh violation of law and treaties are of no au
titonty south of Mason and Dixon's liue. That
the Slalei of the South are sovereign within
tlK'ir ov.-u bordert upou tho subject of slavery.
and have common Inlereats aud svinpalliies with
the peo le f Bratil and Cuba. These agents, if
appointed, might exercme an important influ
ence iu comiiirrciat rclaiioiiM, iu rendering more
ililiiiialtt the couutction between the Southern
ports of the I'atted States and Cuba and Brazil.
They miht explain our localities, our produc
tions, our wants. That weallord reniunerating
markets for celfee, sugar, cocos, &.c, and that
New tlrlouni, SavauiiHli, Charieaton, Norfolk,
and Baltimore, aie much nearer to the great
WeM, than are Philudelphia, New York, or Bos
ton. That tlie.-o alaves aud other property w ill
in our harbors lie secure from Abolitionists and
oilier pk nderer.j. and that most if not all of the
staples of our coueiry can be supplied in theiu
uu as favorublo term, as in auy others.
"This subject ol Southern commercial agen
cies at Havana an i Uio Janeiro merit serious
t'tnisiiierouon at mis nine. We caat it upon the
wave of discussion, with the hope that our State
Executive w ill git it due consideration before
tha approaching meetings of our Southern le
gislatures." Think of lhat! Notify Cuba and Brazil of
our common interest and sympathies! Aud
where, pray, will Ibis end' Why, verily the
p rpetualists are for having the sovereign power
The Tallahassee and leading Alabama papers,
secoud, in part, the pcrpetualists nf South Caro
lina. Hear how the former Iterates Col. Br
TOX Slid Ji Hit M. Borrs: (indeed these men de
nounce or decry both parties severely.)
Mark the late brutal, cold-blooded treachery
of Colonel Bon Ion! Au indignant rebuke hss
ooeu uttered by two or three pupern. But that
sound of deep and ilimuing indignation, a hich.
rising from every pre aouth of Mason and
Diton sline.shoitld Imve overwhelmed the rene
gade, braaen-faced as he is, with shame aud
ccufiisiou, hat lira htard! DemocraU have
been silent, for Benton is a distinguished Demo
crat. And the H'iiM ay. one John M. Botts
high in the stTVctioniof that parly, the talked
nf Speaker of the text House of Kepresenta-live-
he has refued to commit himself against
a Wiimnt Proviso advocate for the next Presi
dency: perhapa, too, other of ti e party are not
And what are the means to "cure these
evils?" Says South Carolina, the msion f the
Smith. And what then? The devotion of a
Caroliuiun to the highest othce at least "of
one who uiideratunds Ihe Constitution and will
protect Southern rights." But suppose this ele
vation ctnnot lie? "Di-nnion, nothing more or
less" 1. at is th declared alternative.
Eleven State of the North are characterized
by the Mercury, or its correspondents, as aboli
tion "They who are not with its, are against
s." This Is the rule by which they are judg
ed, and no terms are spared in denouncing
them! A writer says. In rvf.rring to them:
"With fanatics it is impossible to argue.
.They recognise no grounds of truth. The
Word of God, which is truth, they reject, or
miscoutrue, as it suits their views. All facts
they misrepresent; iu short, they are in a state
of visionnrv and enthusiastic frenzv, nnfit to
reasou or lo be reaaonnd Willi, but very ht, if
left to have their way. to produce evil incal
culable." A Southern convention is the remedy! Aye,
that's it. Whip in the whole South, frighten
tho North, and thus quietly elevate some per
pet Italia to the Pre.-ldei.tiul Chair, and theu
all will be right then curses upou him, Whig
or Democrat, who talks of disunion!
If there were any donbtas to the safety of the
municipal rights of the States if auy where
any bodies of people if al Washington or in
the State Legislatures, any attempt were mado,
or were about being made, to deprive Sout i
Carolina, or the South, of any one right she
possesses under the Constitution-we might
find some excuse for this ultraism. No such
attempt is dreamed of none such will, or can
be made. Why then this excitement? Why
the effort lo disband parties in the South, and
unite them ou abttraetiant? . If there be any
other reason, or any other purpose, than that
which fires vaulting ambition, to win of
fice, cr to wield empire, we are at a loss to
concieve of it.
But more anon on these and kindred topics!
Asvlvissi fosr loltsMa.
Dr. F. F. Buckus has introduced a bill into
the New York Legislature to establish an Asy
lum for Idiots. A good move! The French
have long ago shown, by practical proof, that
these unfortunates may be Instructed, and made
reasonable beings. Should not every Stats have
such an institution?
rB)yTHei nrTWoWa .
A Tailor au M. P. for Dublin." Aye, and as
jovial a fellow os may be found. As a bit of fu
Tom lievnolds was nominated. He mane good
speeches, gave capital hits at the Tory Candidate;
this created quitean enthusiasm, ana a pon was
demanded. The Sheriff demanded pay over
$4000; Tom had uot a cent. But his friends
rained it, and Tom, the Tailor it mi Kepesdcr. beat
the Tories "all hollow."
The Baltimore Clipper of the 24ih lias a good
tempered article on the subject of slavery.
The politico! press avoids it, generally. - hy
they do so, we all understand. The subject is
made difficult, not alone from pecuuiary and po
litical considerations, but from tho mauner in
which it is frequently discussed. The Clipper
This whole subject should be examined with
calmness and deliberation. Passiou only tends
to aggravate existing evils, and to iutroduce
others of worse tendency.
Even so. And when so examined, there cau
be uo difficulty in its presentation or discussion.
We are really glad to find the Clipper taking
the ground it does, as regards discussion, and
fe'-l confident lhat otiier papers will follow
ita manly example. If it be true, as we are
sure it is, ''that slaves are held in Maryland,
uot so much from choice as from uecesmly,"
the calm and deliberate examination of the
question will he the quickest and surest way of
relieving the Stale from thut uecesaity, aud ena
bling elave-hohiere to gratify their real choice.
L. W. Boras has written a long letter, di
recting emigrauts as to the best routes to be ta
ken, &e. The St. Louis Republican publishes
it, not to persuade any one lo go, hut to help
those who will emigrate. Mr. Boggs advises all
who are well off to remain where they are. The
Republican urges every citizen, "uot au outcast.
not to move oue foot either toward California
or Oregon.' Our Oregou mid California trav
elers, one aud all, concur iu this advice.
Of the thirteen original States, the population
of the four most northerly, iu 140.
Tho number of whites, over 0.
who could neither read nor
The four old Southern States had
in l?ill a free population of
Of these, over SO years, who could
neither read or write, there were
So that iu the Kree Slates there wus less than
one in 191 , and in the slave oue in leas thau 1'2!
This is a sad difference. It shows what the
South has yet touo for education.
Let us, iu Keutucky, take the lead in this
work. We are a younger branch. What high
er glory could we wiu for ourselves than hy
outstripping any Southern, and striving to rqna
any Northern State?
Tat Bry ".
We never knew until lately what the Bey of
T u ma had to accomplish in abolishiug slavery
and the Slave Trade in his dominions. We sap
posed his word was law, and that he had only to
will, and his subjects to obey. But it was a great
task, and ho evidently ma ui feats great ability
and wisdom in performing it.
His ilrat step was the prohibition of tho ex
portation of slaves, aud their importation from
the interior. This occurred in I'll. The very
markets where they were sold were "solemnly"
toru down, aud the public mind prepared "thus"
for more decisive acttou. Ilia next step was, t,o
declare free all children born after llecemher
l?l-d. This caused much angry debate, and
some public tlisMalMfaclion. All Mussulmans
were opposed to any change; innovation of auy
kind, they dread, and most of all that kind i f
iuiiovaliou which thieatena more aud more of
progress But the liey was linn, though cau
tious, aud simply suw, that the law was rigidly
1 he result of lima. kiug w-na, t create
new and brisker trace with the iuterior, and lo
increase the prosperity of his territory. Meu
went to work, aud were made thereby better
cilizeus. This work, increased individual wealth,
and that wealth added largely to the resources of
the Stale. Thus the subject of the Bey were
made to realiie the benefits of freedom, aud very
soon were prepared for the final step universal
liberty which took place in January I !. We
copy bis proclamation:
I'rom the Servaut of God, theMushir All mod
Basha Bey, Prince of the Tunisian Dominions. ,
The servitude imposed ou a jmrt of the hu
man kind whom God haa crauted is a very cruel
thing, and our hearts shriuk from it.
lt never ceased to b the object of our atten
tion for years pat, which we employed in adopt
ing aueli proper means as could bring us to its '
exiripaiiou,as is wellkuown to you.
Now, therefore, we have thought projH-r to
publish, that we have abolished men's slavery in
all our diiiiiuious, iuaauiuch as we regard all
slaves who are ou our territory as free, aud do
uot recoguUe the legality of their being kept as
We havescul the uocessary orders to all the
Governors of our Tuuiaiau Kingdom, aud in
form you thereof, that you may know, lhat all
slaves who may touch our territory, by sea
or by laud, shall be free!
May you live under the Protection of Goo!
Written iu Moharrem. lJli, (i.ld Jan., i?lli.)
This act has changed the face of things in the
Tuuisiuu Kiugdoin, and nude the name of the
Bey illustrious throughout Europe. Ha met
difficulties w Inch hindered hie onward course so
wisely, that his people overcame them by their
own acts. He encountered prejudices so ailioitly
that even Mussulman prejudice gave way before
Ihe facia which a Slate of freedom created.
And looking to the welfare of the future, yel
judiciously protecting the immediate iule.-ru
of the present, he so conducted himself as. to
prepare his whole kingdom for the great ami
And now whoever plants his foot ou Tuni
sian soil, whether he comes by sea or by laud, is
trraesictt aad sli'aataa-.
The New York papers contain the report of
the commissioners, David Graham aud A. Loom
is, Esq., on Practice and Pleadings Ills able
and lucid. They recommend:
1. The establishment of a newsystem of
practice and pleading instead of a plan of amend
2. The abaudouuieut of Ihe distinction be
tweeu Ihe modes of proceeding and pleading, in
cases of legal and equitable cognizance, and the
adoption of a nnifonn system, as applicable to
'J. Thut Ihe distinctions of forms of action
at law lie no longer retained, and that every ac
tion rest upon its own facts and the law of the
case as applicable to the rights which it involves.
I. The establishment of a new system of
pleading, based upon the principles which have
just been stated.
The entanglements, hindrances, and cost of
the old system are made palpable enough, aud
Ihe necessity of a new system demodulated.
We hope the report will attract the attention
of the liberal and intelligent bar of Kentucky.
We shall, aa soon as we are able, publish II.
Aaserscaa tscolegiata aadl ftataralasta.
The Association, so called, has been in session
at Boston. They have resolved hereafter to coll
it, "American Association for the promotion of
Science." The following gentlemen were
elected officers for the ensuing year:
Chairman W. C. Rr.Drtr.tn.
Secretary Prof. W. R. Johmsos.
Trtartr B. Siluman, Jr.
Standing CommitUtW. C. Redneld, W. R.
Holbrook, Pitof. H. D. losers, frf. Silliroon,
Senior, President K. Hitchcock, Dr. 8. G. .Mor
toa. Lardner Vanuien. Dr. l T. Jackson, Jos.
D. Dana. John L. Hsvea.
Ucal CmmitheVt. S. l. Morton, chair
man; Dr.Bol.ert Haro, Professor .S. 8. llalde
man. Janwa B. Rogers, Dr. J. K. MMehe'l. U m.
Hembel, Esq., Thomas B. Wilson, Esq.. Peter
A. Browne, - - -
It wns voted that the next meeting commence
on the third Wednesday of September next.
Near istrasai Et;sM.
Messrs. W. iV- T. Schnebly, of HagrrMown,
Md., have inveutd a new steam eugiue which
is said to possess great advantages. It is work
ed by two pistons Inside the cylinder, and saves
2i per rent, iu apace, weight, fuel, and oteam.
while ita iucreaso of power is about tkirla-ikree
per cont. over those now in use.
The American steamer waa welcomed warm
ly enough at Bremen, aa we learn from a vivid
account of the affair iu Hunt's Magazine.
As the Washington approached Germany, the
North Sea smiled, and, it was like a triumphal
day, when she entered the Weser. Two steam
ers, decorated with the tings of all nations. Came
down lo meet her. Aloft floated the star span
gled banner, ami intertwined with it, the flag of
the Republic of Bremen. Thus escorted, the
Washington proceeded, amid music and the
firiug of cannon, to her moorings at Bremen
Haven. As she moved up, merchant vessels, steamers,
together, sail boats ami every sort of river
craft were decked out with gayest colors. Ap
proaching Bremen, the river was covered with
them, and from the ramparts which form on
that aide the boundary of the city. th quay waa
lined with citizens of all ages and sixes, while
the balconies of the tall houses fronting it, and
every window, presented living tableaux, graced
by ladies, who, waviug handkerchief i and scat
tering flowers, welcomed Ihe Altierieaiis to
In one balcony might have beeu seen the mas
ter-spirit of Bremen, with bis standing white
hair aud strongly marked features. Burgomaster
SMilT,whofor twenty-six years, has been oue of
the great rulers of the city, and who drew dowu
upon him the suspicion of Napoleon for bis lib
eral opinions as ihe head of the Ha use Towns.
A man loved among his people, aad honored
wherever known. He bad been Ihe main actor
in uniting Germany and Ihe l.'niUd State, by
steam, and the occasion waa uoue the let bal
lowed to him, as the Washington bore ouioiie of
his sons, a citiien of Ixiuisville, lo participate iu
Ihe fiftieth anniversary of his father's marriage.
The account says:
"Escorted by a deputation of senators, wild
the crowd otieuing respectfully before him,
Burgomaster Sat or came ou board, and in the
name and on behalf of the city welcomed the
Americans to Bremen. In the meaiitime rauuon
were tiring, and a full band ou the quay aud on
board the steamer was playing the natiounl airs
of Germany, the music ceased, nu.i ail at
Olice changed to Yniikee ? " ' iu that dis-
taut regiou a heart-atirriiig sound ami lo this
home-tune the Americana, each ou the arm of
a burgomaster or senator, were escorted up a
staircase, covered with au arbor uf evergreens,
to the quay. The crowd oj cued o as to allow
a passagq to their carriage.., aud thev were es
corted to their hotels. To the whole titv it
seemed a jubilee; aud perhaps throughout all
Bremeu there was uot an old woman or child
who tiid not know of the arrival of the Wash
ington, and that a joyful eveut had occurred for
Every amusement followed a hich a gener
ous hospitality could inveut. Target-tiring,
visits to towu aud country, c, all ranks ma
king the occasion a very jubilee. Th Hani
era club give the Americans a hearty welcome
aud made the woods ring with the stirring
shouts by a thousand manly voices. "Gennauy
and America America and Germany." At
night, there was a large illuminated train work,
and from it, amlJ Ihe booming of cannon,
flashed out in letters of tire. "Wahinglou aud
America." Rockets aud tire bulla tilled the
heavens, and the multitude, full of euthusuuun,
shook the air wilh "Washington and America."
1 k- Senate liie day alter tins eie, gave a
Stately dinner. I hi ihe coming of the toast
the venerable Burgomaster San.r kmc and
"He designate,) the arriiul of lli W ash in g
tu, on the Weser, aa au event which had con
verted hopes iuto reality speculation into f.tcts;
it was this w hich had brought togelhe- those
present of the American an.1 German nations.
In all the world." he said, "there are o two
ceuutric which are ao well calculated for mu
tual iiilerchaii;e aa thel'nite.l States of Vmeri
ca and Ihe l ulled Slates of Germany. Neither
of them posset any colonies, nor noes either
wish for any; and in this reevt both escape
Ihe jetdousy of colonial mother states.
"As a titieu of Bremen," he coutiuued, -1
may well remind you of the fart thut, alter Ihe
glorious end of the Americau war of independ
ence, Bremeu vessel were tho first w hich un
furled their sails to visit the shores of the young
transatlantic republic; and as. on the Western
horizon of liberty, one st ar after another has
made its appearauce, so the veaA-ls of Bremen
have lontiutied progressively to steer their
course in that uiret-liou. This f.tcl. a it would
appear, has not been forgotten in America, aud
as if in returu, the I'uiteti States now send us
their first transatlantic steamer, thinking tlial
t lie bost key to Genua uy is the Bremen key;
aud iu the nine spirit," he coucluded, "in Ine
name of my fellow citizens, I otter a heurty
welcome to the Washington, as the worthy
pioneer of au eulerprise aliich is ilesliued to
opeu a direct intercourse between two great na
ltou." No n an t ier stood higher in the estimation
of his fellow citizens than Burgomaster Srnidt;
and Ihe spirit w.lh which his toat was received
shoiie.l that Ilia sentiment it contained was no
less ftCfi'ptable than the person who offered it.
Toast, song, repartee, joyoiisues followed.
Major Hobhie, Captain Hewitt, Biron Patow,
A.e. &.c, took part. When it was announced
that the next steamer which came to them
would bear the name of -Herman,'" the deliv
erer of Germany from the Roman, as Washing
ton had been Ihe deliverer of America from the
British Yoke, aud simultaneously with the;
announcement, the beautiful model, si.x feet
long, was borne on the shoulders of eight
Bremenete, the storm of enthusiasm was at it
Maj. Hobbie, as a fit conclusion of this warm
reception, agreed upon the basis of an arrange
ment by which the post-office of Bremen under
took to distribute onr mails over the whole
North of Eurojie, through Russia. Denmark,
Sweden, over all Germany, and when the rail
road should be completed to Trieste, over the
Grecian Archipelago, around the whole shores
of the Medditerranean, tip to Constantinople
and the Black Sea. even over lo Egypt, and
down the Red Sea to India.
The practical operation of this will be. thai
the Gennun resident in Iowa cun go to the
village nearest his firm, drop his letter In the
post-office, and, f ottage paid er mot, it will go
direct to his friend in the heart of Silesia, on
the banks of the Danube, or ou the borders of
the Black Forest.
Illiale anal .tllcalgMa Caaal.
This great canal ia being rapidly completed
The Kankakee feeder ia as much advanced as
auy portion of the heavy work ou the line. That
will be completed by the 15th November. About
three hundred feet of masonry perday (aud that
ia the rate at which it progresses,) will soon
All the machinery for pumping no the water
to the suinuiii level, boa arrived. It was manu
factured by W. J. Totten, Pittsburgh, and will
elevate ten thousand cubic feet of water per
r,v,tT,fr,Uer.r ttUm!er " f lh' r
of U iil.a n I ug as a portrait palmer. nd ,a-
led the, language of a cr.tH-, in wllirtt he
called "the gratet portrait paifcle,0f liie, .,
By some person,, the painting cf portrait.
considered a low dei.artii.ent of art. It e.ert.
requires no extraordinary endowments to ,Xs
cute such ll.iuS as r)- ..f,,,, pSa, f.f
traits. Ifapaiuliu presents the g uer .l ttJ
lines uf Ihe face, au J lh usual quant, iy o(
and white pi-'uieiits. it is reneni: ... .
' J .us1,irt(1
a correct representation of the iacivi,iUaj wa.
muscles have beeu cramped ia the sattr's rl.
But a true portrait is another matu r. 3(j ,
true portrait painter waiks iu a ddlr-M,! mf,
a different world from the -oi,,moa UnJi!
handler. It is not ebough for hnn to mak. .
correct outline of the form; thai fjrui
speak to the beholder aioiiitiu,;tIy &a if lutong.
were articulating sou ads. He paints the tbar
acter lue soul. Others may make tlsy iT
ge; but the true arUt ia a Prometheus, w
tills Ihe image wilh living fir j,.
pniuler of this kind is not workmv 0 iw o
pnrtment of art. Some t.f the greateat iial
ings of thv greatest painter that th wo-ldf
ever produced have bee a portraits 0f this ki'
The most admired work of Renibran-it
portail f a Jew. What are the Vena-e
Madonnas, A.C., of Tiliau. faffc.'le, aj
- . . -. ... . . . 1 n..
great ina-ira, um portraits i ll.-e ertot
lists nid not sit down to their enx! aa.
the "phantasms of the brain," or wa for
renl visitant to occupy Ihe chair. Na'ars
h.wir In ll.r.l ... I'.'... a
.......... ........ . . - i.-ii,-, UOWlO
forms around them, and they a.iectsd ,
alimenting lo thent the abstract i of t!iut
beauty, auolher as tlie rep resabii.t uf n.i..
nal love, aud paiuted w hilt Natur.; hai i,
He who run paiut a true portra.l rv uri
duce a great historical paintn,; for hi iu !,.
to place together individuals whose tiuracr
aud expression he perfectly Uac-r.'s:, ....
represent them in adieu. When ;rci ,L
takes place in real life, Ihe power of Nitj: ,
ahowu not so much in Lntgiiij tLe iui-iiiu..,
together as in liie previous format. ou of tit.
characters that are thus ma.i f.-sl.u j tr.rirveir
Her great work li4ta been dene b-fore C- . , Jr.
rei.ee of the evt-ul.
William Psg has ov -t o.n 14 wviit
lhat he is a gr.-ut hi tori al pMt.: r u r :i aa t
great portrait painter, ilia pil lar - 01 I;u:t"
has excited piufouoj a..'uirjti u. veuu.n
some remarks n;un it from tn-N. V tu,.
The I riliC expree ihe 0,-ii.j t' .AA
a uiasU r ui urawiug. iu tiiu ao ...vw-ni
him. V lira he w as a al i .nt .11 In,- dr.:,g
acaiiemy , iie rei'eive the i. ?l p: vi .
Ue-ve il.al hU colon
sometime laAe it I '.
luiir-l lie defective,
was taken by Mr. IV
ro :f.. I , ; :,
rui.tt u in. 1 uis uraVi
know ho rnut ii .,,
i:i era hi j his
aud Wd l- l couiideiit luat even lue (oiua 1.1
draery are nature's owa. 1.1.1 r -r - -v ,
li-; rein 1, i.s of tiie Epre.
"Utiii. av r.uE. Tbi is a :e u p.iu
Coucepl.oil and execution, i; i. u'wnij ...
highest prai.-e, au 1 is 11110 irat.owaJly u, 1; :..
happiest eliui'l ol lt;c u.'.-l, ia l.i.
line. Tiie ui ji ct is uol an uriaii,ai o., li
we do tuiuk t.ut .Mr. 1'age t l.rjiiu .1 ..1 3J
oiiiual and b.idi-uil ruaaiier. .Ni i.i.. i.n.. -
ceteriuilieu to 4uit ino laud cf Muan, to n!j-j
to Judah. haa aiaiica 0,10.1 i,er joarne , 1
compauied by he." uauL,..-;-ia-ij , I. i.,
IrjKtli. The inoincut r.-tcscu.d ti.
u. that wueii OrpaU lias lameu l.vjv, . .. -.
mother exclaims to liut.i "UJij..., l.. :-iu-law
i gone bock unto her (. .o.ilt-, : a,,:
her gods; return l.loa -tier t:i . ;.r-...-.3.
1 he pecuiiariiy of tne co.i;po.iuu cud
tne au'.-cuug fact lhat, llioun Urpahu.- I .
away apurt-ntlv oveicon.-? wu:t gnei. Nai
haa oul reeiuiea her hau is, tils ka Uuiii ..
clinging t her nioilicr's bo-oui, tiie uui'.y
hoxiuouy of I io aro patlicoiuriy . i-
siug. 'l if? character of Naomi's coauicua
is iu i4.iiuiraL.it keeping wi:ii her loucbiog w .
'"I am too old lo lue a huLanJ; aai. i
wilh her poelic rvciauialioa sfier t'ej
reached lietii-leher.t "Ca.1 iuenot Naow. n.
me Maria, for the A mighty haia ora.i v :
terly with u.e." siic ua- se -u .u ii.au ;ot...'
ioMbte,yoa Cdtiuui eXo'Ct llial si,e .,uu .. .:.
fet iter e ntiou in tiie teu.:cr ukul.: ;
young and iucxperiencedwou.au: but i..c :..:
lip, a ii, partially vtcoul goie of her ot-t ' - a
eye, speak nioal eioqueuliy of Ihe ioilu' fc;.)i.
rooted iu her nearu iiui d.ciwie.y tur
point iu the picture v which waa lo have li-.i .J
pected; is thrt tisur) ol Kulii. ll lee.n
ieeiing, nn 1 iu gizin upon Ihe inipio... l.'.
resolute coualensuce, m e kuo' lii.l i 1.0...
be an utter inipoea.l.ilily to separate lu..;
tcr Horn her uioiier-in-iavv. U";Ui hat ear i
est.iesa tioes ele re ia lo ier crying ool -ii-treat
me not to leave thee, or to rctura f'oiu i 1
lowiug alter thee, for w iuiuer iujii go '., I . .
go; aud where thou lo gist, 1 iii loe, ;.
people ahull be OIV p. o,.r, au tiiy Go; u
G,l." llrpaiiisol tvu,'f a.uiwMuiic ui '
bat sue yel liear aa ini;orUut pari iu lur sc. B:
She ia ei it uti y an impuiaive creature, an .
many of her sex. iu every age, haa it lu IT
power lo weep quite bitterly witnool any fc- i
eliort, and we doubt not if we could iouo
out of the cauva-s, uo ahoui.t soou ac
pkkiug up a liower by l..e Way sue, or pc.Lii
hear her hiluimiog a sng aooul tue U-aiy Jt
the land of Moab.
T'h! coloring of this picture is f a high vr..:
lt is fouiiued upon a fivoiiie lueorv ot tr j
list, aud though we co uolconsiei oarUvi
pahlo of s.iniliouiiig or couoeiiinidg IU) Ifj:
of said theory, we must say lhat we ire 1 1,
with many of iis doclriues. The lle-u l.alj ji
true lo uaiure. and the combiuatiou vl co o.
throughout is guenl areeatd;. Iu i-.-ca;. '0
drawing, however, we might meuliou a uju:.'.'
of poiuia thai we do not fancy or uu-rtaUj-,
but there is ro much beauty iu the a uo.:. ::.-1
we have not the hardihood to eaiure
Iheiu, or even to poiul tuem out. We r-j.-i. ?!-i
know that lAe most gifted portra t p.uni. r cf --
country, has prouueei u picture vl o ...j-j
merit: aud though, w e have, iu tunes pa.:. f-prese-vi
the opinion that he w as not yiu 1
great historical picture, we uow coufci ls
we have changed our tuue, aud believe loui -
artist of the no-t exalted genius. It Le t a.
more inveuliou and was a muster of tiras. 4
we would bo wuiiug to m.ttch him agaiu-i "
most accomplished historic 1 painters ol t i-4 '
any other age.
I ke -eple' aaJ lion its' Jonrual.
We have the Septein'ier number of Lie- ''
nodical, and find them well filled wilh got..- -:
aide matter, aud useful information.
There k oue thiuj. however which o ..M
be noticed. Both of tiieao Jouiii.di proles ,J
be, and are, Ihe expouenls and defenders. 01
Democratic movements in Gre.:t Pritatn '
hey c.te prefaced wilh cha.'g'-s ugaiu-t e. .-:i
other of fraud and villainy !
What are we, af.ir off. to think of pari es
wilh the word humanity rwr 0:1 tii- -r l-P-pleading
for it in language alik.- sUot.g -udeia-qtirnl.
in earnest for every irta;' e whic 1 ; r.'ti'
ises lo elevate the massc i and y- ' i.ilinj : b'ii
iug eiu.li oilier with vetiiinous ai'! ' "e"-1
haia ' This course niutt d: a cu the
us they fall upon m;iuy a.i open e tr. It
fail to weaken litany a tjenrrotu hr irt r a1) w
imbibe the truths they u!teror defend.
We hop-the quarrel will cease. W e tr J-i jt
any rate, that it will uot be parnled !s;-'ri'':"
beginning er close of tht"- Journals a a t.:-- H
advertisement to siiow the weakness of poj u.jr
teachers, and tho great o'ifference liete."
preaching and practise.
Union Maovzixe. We have received i
September and October riuiib:rs of ihi at-B,i"
Th-iy fully maintain the promise of ine previ
ous numbers, and overflow with lively aa-instructive
artU Us. from the Editor, aud hr kf1'
liant array of graceful aud graphic contf.tuto.''
The notes ou passing events, aud notice ol ur
books, by Ihe Editor are excellent -priiihily
discriminating and characteristic.
Wo hope sincerely, that It may recise t"
cordial and generous support it so folly Irv''
IVl Mmmanil I, . a... frl-n.ta aa OSS cf '
best, Qif not tha best.) Magazines of iu kind