Newspaper Page Text
J. C. AfGHAW, Emtm.
::KOV. 13, 1S47.
A aleveholder of Shelby county willed,M
that certain colored boy of hia estate ahould be
bound out U learn a trade, that when thla wasdoae
they ahould U allowed tara years to eara eome
thla; for themselves end that tbea they ahould
b east ta Liberia.
The Executor did aot comply with the will of
the deceased owner. By accident, the Rev. Mr
Cowan, of Frankfort, Ky., heard of liU con
duit, and communicated the facta to the State
Colonization Society. That body appointed
committe ta demand the boya of the Executor,
with instractiona, If ha heaitated a moment, to
bring suit forthwith for their freedom.
The Reverend Mr. Cowaa la juatly respected
for the purity of bU life, and hia general phi
laatbropy. ThU act U in unison with hia whole
character. And the Board, composed aa it ia of
Citixentof enlarged and liberal views, know
wall how to eecond hie endeavor, and will do it
Folate wank ibiwklaf Akwwt.
1. The price of cotton niuet fall, and with it
the value of slaves.
2. Good policy will require the Southern
State, ere long, to close their marks U agaiaat
These points Dr. RuUuer elaborates in his address-
Think open Uiem, mm wk t tate
effect such results will produce upon Virginia
The Ureal Haat.il.
A family owning one hundred and fifty slaves
insy retain their property to the third genera
tion. A family, having nine or ten, rarely pre
erve their property to the second. The reason
is, that both are made indolent by slavery; but
the first only can afford, the expense.
The eecond inquiry we proposed, ia oi r paper
of the 30th ult., was this:
The Christian obligation wa are under to le
galize the rite of marriage among colored peo
ple, and prohibit by law the separation of hus
band and wife parent and child.
Marriage, legally speaking, ia not known
.among our slave Either husband or wife haa
the right to separate at will, and for any cause
That this U a aad state of thing that it leads
ta the very worst consequence, that it injurea
white and black, cannot be disputed. None
but the most pernicious moral consequence result-
The Rev. Dr. Yorso, of Danville, says,
when speaking on this point:
Wa should abeoiutely prohibit them from
forming those irregular and temporary unions,
which are alike opposed to the commandment
of God and to the decency of civilixed life. Even
the lowest barbarian has some form or ceremony
by which be gives a moral sanction to the union
of the sexeshow then can we tolerate unsanc
tioned, uncoil tec rated connections between per
son! living In christian families, aad under the
control of christian guardians? ilew can we
inculcate integrity, faithfulness, and the various
christian virtues, npoa those whom we permit
to live ia a condition which all decent society
views wun contempt and abhorrence T I o con
vince you of tlie master's duty on this subject,
it is surely not necessary that we should por
tray the brutalizing effects of a system of licen
tiousness, and prove the necessity of the mar
riage rite it is euough for us to direct your at
tention to the fact that, if servants are not pro
hibited from trampling upon the rite which God
ha instituted a one of the greatest preserva
tives of human virtue, he wiU hold as respousi
ble, not the ignorant servants merely, but the
mora intelligent masters, who might have con
trolled them. By what plea can men defend or
justify their power over their f -How men, unless
they use it to restrain them from vice?
"Misters should enforce upon their ser
vants, " aay Dr. Young, "the duty of respecting
the rite of marriage." But how? By what
mean caa they do it under the present system?
They have, in the opinion of the colored peo
ple, authority to do what they plea ; to make
and unmake the law. It is seen, that the mar-
riJge tie is respected among the whites, and the I
power tf Earth, anJ the aacredaess of H seven
Invoked, aa it is announced, "whom God hath
joined lot not mm put aunJer." Yet for the
black, no such law eti.ts no such saeredness
ia fill and they are left to c'o as thy please '.
Now iajjjiae the be.t roaster, under these cir
cumstances, going to hi servant and telling
them, that he mect to enforce among them the
marruge rile. He might attempt to do it by
brute strength that is, by punishment. But
this be would net creaincf. nor anv enlirhten-
od conscience approve. All, then, tha he conld
uo would be, to f ul b-ck uj.oa hi merit power,
and whu would thi avail rgainst passiou, long
established custom, aa J general usags? Masters,
we admit, may do something msydo much
to arrest Ibis great evil of licentiousness, vet
they caa only patlimtt it, vutii marriage are fe- I
feily coemacetf among our colored people.
But the evii lies ioeper ; too deep lo be reach
ed even by this step. Colored people are affec
tionate in their dispositions. Their character
istics are, that of kindliness of heart of fall
Hess in all those emotion which make men love
each other. They are docile, tractable they
eeek to imitate to follow rather than lead
Thi being so, bow happeas it, that they form
"irrregular aud temporary uuions" that they
themselves blunt, if not destroy, these n at u ml
tendencies that they often brutalize the.ni-
elves, ao ur, aa lo put away from them, as if
they were so much trash, their own wives and
children ! There mast be, independent of the
fact ef their being enslaved, some mighty cause
operating steaJii end strongly upon them
foction as by iron fate. What ia it? It is this
that maltr$ katt tke ftrtr f ttyrtU k$btmd
mmd rie parent ad' ckild. They may aeek, ia
very way they can, to emfurc servaata to re
spect the marriage rite. They may, in addition
to this, call in the sanction of the law, and the
acredneas of the church, to aid them. All will
be vain, unless, at the same time, lie are barred.
by tha Bams high authoritw, from separating I
families. This is the great step. Let it be Uk
n, and, ia a few years, we idiall find our colored
people as virtuous as any class iu the commu
nity. Pause for a moment, and reflect upon thi
Slaves understand their lot They knew, too 1 1
their natural tendencies. Imagine them reason-
Ing on both whea about to form a matrimonial
connection. They would aay "if we give our
bearts to each other, and centre all our affection
pea our offspring, we only run the risk of des
troying all our happiness. We may be all Sep
tra led at any moment One may go East,
nether South, and the rest Wont and never
snore e each other on earth. Wo will not
trust our happiaes to such an uncertainty, and,
therefore, we will do as we beat can, and live aa
wo pleaae." Put yourself, reader, ia their posi
tion. Get down to their lowly lot and ask,
what yea would do, under similar circumstance.
For our part, we should not dar risk our hap
piness, and tha happiness of others, apon ancb
an uncertainty. There are some who sy,a "col
ored people do not care about all this the v like
ft W know Letter. We have aeea them ia I
- . I
the far South, when "otd master had died,"
weep, as if their very hearts would break, when
old Into and make the air ring
again, 3th their shriek of agony, as children
ware torn from father, r husband separated
front wire. Civ them chance to bave a
homo, and to lore it, ai-d thy would bo aa true
to it, and it duties, aa any race that ever trod
And what would bo the eftcl t of these laws
relating to marriage, and the separation of fami
lies, if they were passed T
It roust, Inevitably, elevate the character of
the slave, aad add largely to his Industrial ca
pacity. We at know what caifeae doaa
for man. We all understand what frttknttt
tpxrit can accomplish. The colored population
would feel both, and be Htimulatod by both, the
moment they knew, that the law protected them
a their home, aad mane it impossible for raau
to sepatate their families JVew.no responsibility
rest upon them. Tken Uiey would feel It. Aete,
It I sfmatter f indifference whether their work
be well or III s'oue, whether the farm be well or
- l. ana - a t
III kept ttenUiey would be luwrentea in au.
and , in part, at least, that tuey would pros
per aa the muter prospered. Saya the learned
Divine alreajy quoted:
When aenranU fsel that their matter' ooa
duct towards them ia siraply governed by self-
interest, ant that no real desire for their welfare
animates lihn, they nalerally feel that their In
terest are opposed to hb, and aeek their own at
the expense of hia. Evsa hia favors they sus
pect of elaahnes, and fml that no gratitude ia
due for thtin. But let mem be satisfied, from
bis course, that he really deulrea their hxppl
nana, aud tbe haoov effoot will aoon be visible
in their labors.
Wa belltve, Indeed, tut five years teat of thla
plan, would lead, simply, on the score of pecu
niary interest, to the payment of wages, on
the part ef mastere to their servants, ere they
rave them their freedom. Ia educating th
ia legalizing their marriages, in prohibiting, by
law, the separation of fa.nilies, then, we ahould,
aa Dr. Yocso well observes, not only make
them more cheerful, more active, more intelli
gent, more virtuous, mote faithful, bat, in addi
tion ta the reward of increased valua ia their
services, we should receive, beside, the nward of
a beginning of well-doing towards those who
are to be our equal before God'e bar. I not
this an effect worth considering? Are nt theae
besclts worth legislating for?
Nor would masters suffer aay material incon
venience from the paxsag of these law.
What oae caa be stated f What one tiat will
wgh a feather ia comparison with the good
secured? No right is invaded. No wrong done,
The law, regulating marriage, might limit the
parties to a circle of seven miles; might say,
that, in this circuit, from the master's domicil
the man might seek a wif, and forbid roaster
from removing either party beyond tkia limit'
Some inconvenience, occatuoaally, might occur
when planters are emigrating: but this would
be only a temporary iaonvenience. even in
those State where emancipation waa cot dream
ed of: for ail that would be required, would be,
a transfer to the owner of the wife and children
or some one in the neighborhood, to avoid a
breach of the law suggested. Besides, this law
would exact only from the hard and calloaa what
the generous and true-heaited now do. Says a
distinguished Kentucky Divine
It is clearly a violation of the principle which
God lays down for the governmeit of his con
duct towarda them, when we eel? them for the
purpose of rain, without retard to their welfare
Can we imagine that then w are "gteiag tirm
I fief asaica u ef aad eoaeJ" that
img t9 lnem at re that lkry ti
we are efe-
tkey tktuld f aa
te as? The criminality of this conduct rises to
its highest pitch, in those case in which dome'
tic tis are rent asunder by the ruthless band of
the master bent upon gala- A man may stop
in ears to tbe agonizing cry of the wife rudely
forced away from her husband and separated
forever; he may refuse to hear the wailing of
me mower tor her children lora from her but
there is a voice to which he must on dsy lis
ten, the voice of the Eternal pronouncing judg
ment upon him, for trampling upon the rights
of humanity and treating his fellow men as if
wey were beasts of the held.
Instead of inconvenience, the master, as we
haveshowa, would be benefitted, and yet mere
would he establish a character alike honorable
Mavehuiding, ia the best esU'e, is no desirable
thing. The great world without, the silent.
but conscience within hates or dreads iU I
All of us, if it were a arte question, wosld
ahriuk from it as th heaviest calamity. What,
in thi state of things, should slaveholder do?
If they are Indi Jereut if they sty, "the color
ed people are our slave, w will use them, and
we will not make tbem any bettor than they are.
nor give them a chance to improve their lot,"
they must concentrate upon t'icir head the
deepest obloquy. If, en the other hand, (as we
are sure is tne case with a large majority of .nits? Doe Charleston, S. C, Increase in pop
Kentucky planter) they are alive to the true ulation or property? She U going behiud la both,
welfare ef theirbond, and, by au, declare -we Doo Savannah? She, too, languishes Yet
will do ail in our newer to helu diem ilan. t U.,U ,k .it;. I ! 1; :i
them virtuous and Intelligent, to let them
f m I
anow and eujoy lit in the right way," the
without will ympathix with, aad th
bct men at home honor and cherish them.
Take what view wo may of this subject th
,0wer or loftier that which imteretl presents or
tkriitUmity demands and slaveholders would
g-iin greatly gain gloriously by pursuiug the
niguer caure. Christian! does not your con
science affirm thi to be right? Geuerous slave-
k ! I .. I 1. ... 1 1 ...
uuiuci . ii iivi j,iir neuiesi impulse in a niton
with it? Patriot! can your better nature refuse
assent? Then act.
aSaravlllo Eale M Keswiatoeaiceat
Levi CoUint, Eq., retired fro.n the Edito
rial Charge of the tgle Nov. 2d. He say ia
hi parting address:
It has Ullea lo the lot of but few roe a to be
M long coonected with the newspaper press.
.. C0"naFT WI .mT bo0' have gea-
orally passed awav, or have withdrawn from the
editorial chair. J ime has also made sad havoc
amoag the email number of my aarly subscri
bers. Of the 320 found upon anv eubseriDtioa
liatoa the 1st of November, 1820, all but aboat
m owr.ea ium oMppearea, and mora taaa aiu
tenths have rone to the sairit-land.
Th period of my connection with tha nrm
has been one of almost continued excitement,
either in National or State politics. I entered
upon the duties of an Editor when Kentucky
was convulsed with the great Relf Qurt ten,
wnicn, unaer various ptiases, agitated the coun
cils of the IState for many years. My court
ou that quetin,aad en ail the succeeding que.
grossed public attention, was influenced by sin
n""" mvm ,,u iiiuvnu wnicu una
cere convictions of duty. In the fierce locsl
contest in Kentucky, 1 sided with the Amti
Krlirf and Uld Gearf parties. And in the aa
parties. 1 bave Invar iablv anted w ith th. vl""
tional Republicans or Whigs. In 1820, I cast
ray r.rsi vote lor .Mr. Monro as President, anc
have subsequently voted, in 1824, for Mr.
lay, la le2 for Mr. Adam, la lfc32 for Mr!
viay, in icjo tor uen. Harrison, in 1840 for
irea. Harrison, and in 1944 again for Mr. Claw
Although it has been my fortune to act almost
exclusively with th SMaertJy in th National
ii irc n av wi cause to cnang a
single important political prineiplo . which I
have ever advocated. Uut whilst I hav adher
ed to political principles, once formed, with
unyielding tenacity, I have never questioned
me noneety or tue patriotism of those who dif
fered with me; and if, in tha heat of political
discusaion, I have Indulged at any time ia lan
guage which waa harsh or calculated to wound
the sensibilities of political opponeaU, it has
ueen to me a aaujeci oi regret
Although advancing years and failing health
admonish ina to seek aa employment lea bar
rawing alike to mind and body, I eeparate
irnia mo ana cnertanoa patrons with profound
regret With many, very many, on my list, I
hare held long and pleasant converse, and have
roeivaa irotn mem repeated evidences of re-
frd aad personal kindness. I have no language
Ian aa warn mm . -! J . - i . . . a
io express my gratitude to thoa frt.n.
have ausuiued uie, w cheered me, timldst all
th vicissitudes which have marked my career,
as the conductor of public Journal.
Mr. Collins retires with tha m.i .r
men ! Ia the responsible peat bo baa fiUd ho i" 9mlom u. I" w" tlw,u up, and will not
au bee. tn.firmfrieaa.f Srt..a.d rMol!lS,im,',,d,1 '
and we trust he may long live to exert his well
established influence ia behalf ef the well-being
of society. His warmest political oppo
nents have never denied his personal worth and
Integrity hia friend know bow, all that was
good la blra, baa been employed for private and
Mr. Collins' son, RUkard enrf CeUiM, takes
bis place. For three years, be bus been asso
ciate editor during the last twelve months,
while hi father was preparing the Historical
Sketches of Kentucky, he haa had almost exclu
sive control of the Eagle. He U a worthy son of a
worthy aire, and will make this Journal one of
the moat useful ones in the State. He tliua
sensibly and modestly refer to the change:
It Is likewise a change of rtponsiblIity and
though I enter with oloaauro upon the labo
rious duties of publisher, it la with a becoming
distrust of my qualification that I assume the
aolerondnet of the editorial department It is
at a little r rat If vine to me to bo enabled to re
lieve niy Father, la his advancing years, of the
responsibility that has been inseparable from hi
position for nearly thirty years past, and to see
him engaged In pursuits at once more congenial
and Isms confining.
I Invito the attention of the readers of Uio
Eaole to the Propoaala in next Thurday'a paper
for extending lis circulation nad shall be hap
py to receive a substantial increase or patron'
age through the effort of the friends of the pa
ner itself, and of the great cause it will con
tinue to advocate. In the future the pnper will
be oriated udou new type, and be much im
proved ia appearance.
Fig-are nut fed.
The Virginia section of th Valley, as it la
In 1820 a population of 154,000
Th Northern section, or the half space (a
freer region) contained
In 1920 a population of 129,600
Dr. Ruflner declare, that, a a general result,
these two word describe agriculture aa carried
on by alave-labor. It extend over a wide terri
tory and eihausU it. Two thing follow, im
poverishment, depopulation. Are such results
desirable? Who would not shun them?
Sail g o Maiifactsireo.
It is difficult to estimate the value of Rail
Roads, or show the multiplied bleukiogs which
follow diversity of labor. Figures fail to make
us realize the one or the other ; tax alone, and
its iucrease, give only a partial view of either.
But they help to enable us best to realize
their roeulls, and, therefore, we resort to them
Let ua look at the comparative growth of New
York and Boston for this end.
New York is the commercial capital of the
Union. She haa over 400,000 inhabitants. But
she is strictly commercial. Boston wan once
only commercial, now she I engaged in every
specie of manufacture, aad U the centre of the
rail-roads of New England. See how in prop
erty she reaches up, ia consequence, to New
York, with less than a third of her population
Real Estate. Personal Estate.
Boston. fc'ew York. Boxon. V. York
eM.-J4.l0 117,11.404 H.IS7,40 sG5.7SI.609
,li3.UJ lH6.lj0.HtH Urt.lX.T 04,f4:i.!T
6J,9JM 7.4.0 4I.M.WIO 6I.V94.5.M
67.H7J.4O0 1S4.SCU.3I4 4tf.372.SuO 0473.764
7.l48,UOn 17 1 . 4.5)1 4o.O44.300 4.l.33.356
el.WI.4U) I77.V07.I 53 a7..KM) 6,7H7,S7
90.lly.eift) IH3.4H0.9I4 5H.7VU.UI6 6l.47l.47U
i7.764.AU) ltf7.314.3He tH.59i.il PO 57.K37.917
In personal Eitate Boston is ahead ! Inreal
Estate, considering the difference of population,
Whence coni-e this? Her diversity
of labor her rail-roads her manufacture!
are the cause. Sea what au iucrease !
Increase of real aud personal estate
aim. '41, ... $74,253,800
Deduct cost of rail-ways in Mass., 30,244.927
Net gain, admitting rail-roads to
be eW stock; - - $41,003,873
But the average percent, of dividends declar
ed oa rail-road stock, la.it year, was
cent. So this is active capital.
Take soother view a contrast of the in
crease of valuations in the two cities, Boston and
New York, for five years.
Increase in Boston,
Decrease ia New York, -
Difference. - $78,296,411
Rail-Roads, with the other causes mentioned.
have made this difference. But let no one sup
pose that Rail-Roads mlom can effect theae re-
wmi e-aaaea viuoe nasnvw awuag I ix w vi iii-voua
There mutt be a dense population, first, and,
second, this population must possets the facili
ties of travel intelligence civersity of labor,
QtC., tec, tie., to bring about these stupendous
Mr. Caullav-LMle Phillips.
Mr. Callin, writing home, aays Louis Phil-
lippe's early adventures are foil of interest ou
matters of history, and well adapted to the pen
cil. He adds :
'These scenes occured during the King's trsv-
els from Erie to Buffalo, to the villages of the
seneca Indians, thenro to Canandaigua, pad
dling his own canoe through Seneca Lake to
ltnaca, thence on foot, with Ins knapsack on
his back, to the Tioga river, where, haviur pur
chased an Indian canoe, he deecende I that river
ard thence through the valley of Wyoming.
lie also traveled amonrtbe mountains of 1'eua
sylvania and Virginia, and in a canoe descended
the Ohio and Mississippi to New Orleans. Du
ring all the route, he and his companions s'.eptj
out under the open eky and subsisted upon
what they could collect from the river and
We fear his wilderness life will read better
Utaai turn twjal cxpaiicn. Tli adventures of
the fallen prince would excite sympathy ; the
selfish monarch, grasping at every thing, can
only awaken pity and hate. Better for Louis
if the crown had never rested on hia brow!
Joh Qcimcy Adams and Albkut Gallatin
were at the meeting of the New York Hiatori
cal Society, Nov. 2. Both are over eighty
and have been actors ia mighty scenes In an
eventful ago. The life of John Quincy Adams!
" -1 W -nt In
""" mat ia remarkable In t,u
Harvard University, (Cambridge, Mass.) has
appointed this able mtn to deliver a course of
lectures on the Civil Law, and tha Law of na
tion. This it an enlargement of the course of
instruction In the Law Department.
pec tor Karwpc.
There was seat from New York, in all Octo
ber, to E a rope, $674,543.
On the first, by the Steamer, $1175.
Says the Washington Correspondent of the
Philadelphia Ledger :
A trne sarfa ta alrtmdm
Wiihingfra earf tltttekere, detujuinio to oo
roa the annexation or all Mixico, and the
men leading it are determined to teat tha
strength ef the question by aa appeal to pub
lic opinion. The UU, in two recent very
able communication, aigned "Wayne," has al-
reauy tasvira our u jttlen; but Mr. Kitcbl ia
net yet prepared to take so decided a step with
out nrevioas ConnseL Tha Una nolle k...
ever, recommended br Mr. Calhona dnrfn h.
We wonder if any boys and girls read our pa
per.. hop some of them do. For we love
them ail, and would do any thing, In our power,
to make them good men and good women.
May be, they are prejudiced agalnat us. They
must try and overcome prejudices. ' Then they
will learn lo see the truth, and love it We once
knew a lad whose uncle came home, and said
some terrible things about a neighbor. Now
tne lad knew this neighbor, and knew, that he
bad done very many good sets, and, especially,
that be , was educating two p Is y mates of his
who were poor, and whose mother waa bed-ridden.
Sobs determined to find out whether bis
nncle waa right Ha did so; the facta he gather
ed, showed how the mistake occurred; and thus
hepreventel a neighborhood quarrel, and much
anger and bitterness of heart Waa he not a
good lad? He la now one of the beat of men,
aad every body who knows, loves blm.
But we were to talk to you about kind-heart
edness. We want vou to cultivate this feeling.
It will makt you wisely generous; be sure to
confer v yen happiness; awaken every where
a love for you, and enable you to do n great
al of gooi. Mr. Talford, who has written
some beautiful poetry, says, or slop:
It Is a little thing
To give a cup of water, yet Its draught
Of cool rdfreshment, drained by fevered
May seud shock of ploasurs to the soul
More exqnaite than whea nectareous juice
Renews th life of joy in huppleat hours.
And thlsis true! It I the lUlU act of kind-
nesa whick make others happy, and us pure.
You may judge of what we mean by reading the
story told below by a good Philadelphian
There is, nearly In front of our office, an old
pxir. p, a kiad of a town pump, which every one
nisy nee, and whose wet and bespattered base
speaks plainer thau sign boards could do, of
wtlor for man aud horse; and a very excellent
pit.ip it is, too, never out of order, easily work
ed aad furnishing the purest clearest, coolest
waer iu the world. Many a thirsty school-boy
and omnibus driver has refreshed himself at the
putip; the hackmen and draymen stop there,
and the old iron ladle that hangs by his side has
beet pressed by many a sweet and pretty lip
It itiio unusual thins;, just after school-hours,
to some little fellow, with bis satchel over his
shoulders, working away at the handle for ten
mini tea at a time, till nil who have gathered
rouaJ it have been supplied with drink; but
yesttrday the old pump was honored as though
au atgel had blnsaed it. A rosy-cheeked girl,
half hid in a flsod of glorious curls, came
bountiug by, driving her hoop, aa the old, de
crepitapple woman, whom every body knows,
and wtoom ue one paes without giving her a
penny, was endeavoring to obtain a drink. She
had litis down her basket, but, bent nearly dou
ble by the weight of her years and sorrows,
wa st it compelled to lean upon her staff. The
lit tin H'be saw the difficulty, and was in an in
staut at the handle. Holding the ladle until it
wanhlltd, shecsrried it gently to the lips of the
old ladr, then filling it sgain, while the warm
grateful thanks of the poor woman called the
enmsoi to her cheek, which, aa she hurried
away, fas deepened by the consciousness that
the was observed. We shall ever remember
that girl, tnd the joyous satisfaction with which
alio perfonned a good aad kind action to the
Aud so ill men will remember boys and girls
when thejare kiud and good, and, especially, to
the aged, aid poor. Would you not like to feel
this lint girl did when she helped the old
womun at the pump! Do kind acts like her,
and, like b?r, you will be happy and beloved.
Who will uot aay among our young friends,
The Botton Courier ha published several able
articlea showing the value of our trade with Bra
zil. They are from the pen of G. W. Gordon,;
Brazil takts a large amount of our bread
stuff and manufacture. The official report of
Flour show b the fiscal yenr of 1843 5 we ex-
ported to th country 209,845 bbls. valued at
$1,083,318, biing aboat one-fifth of our total
export of thrt article to all countries; and in
115 6, the Braxils toek 296,460 bbls., valuep
at $1,675,756 beiag a very large increase over
tha preceding year. The consumption of Flour
ia the Brazil! must naturally Increase with the
population, uhlch is now about 10,000,000, and
hich is I nc rating rapidly.
Of our maiufacture of cotton cloth in 1644
5, we exported to the Brazil to the amount
of $S30,2G, being about one-fifth of our total
expott to all countries.
To our nxiigatiou interest, oar commerce to
the Brazils if truly of great importance.it being
carried on almost entirely la American vessels.
In 16445, not a single Brazilian vessel entered
the United State; during that fiscal year the
foreign venel which arrived in this country
from the Brazils were 2 British, 4 Swedish, 2
Danish, aid 1 Sardinian, tonnaglag 2,431 tons,
while the were during that period 214 Ameri
can vesaeh. navigated with 2,193 men and 40
boys, and tannsging 50,230 tons, which entered
the United States from the Brazils; and during
the same year 192 American veeels, navigated
rith 1,842 men aud 23 boys, and tonnaging40,-
1C tons, deared from this country, and only
one small Brazilian vessel of 191 tons, navigated
with 14 nen, and 2 British, 2 Sardinian, 3 Han'
eatic, 1 Spanish, aad 1 Hanoverian veesel, ton-
nagingls all 2,077 toes, including the Brazilian
vessel, cleared from the United States for the
ports of Brazil.
The Austrian are making great exertions to
compete with us in Brazil in Flour, and do al
ready come in direct competition. From Trieste
Flour is obtained as good as the American, and
as labor in Austria is cheaper than in America,
and the Austrian vessel are navigated cheaper,
it is highly important that the United States
hould be ou the terms of the most favored na
tions with Brazil, aa any commercial advantage
given to Austria would destroy the American
The same effect would follow in regard to
manufactures, from an advantage given to Eng
free Trade t'ejaujrrsa at Rrweaete.
The discussions were "fair" the speeches
"fine" the facte "conclusive," so says one
English Journal referring to this Congress.
The whole thing was a failure no Belgian
paper supported It no part of the Belgian Gov-
ernment can support it and the speeches and
action of the Congress ranked from fair to mid
dlingfrom good, but not striking, down to
the other end of the scale, adds another.
Says the Loudon Times:
Wa regard the proceedings of the Congress
merely aa a beginning. It is something that
such a protest should have been uttered in the
face of Europe. If the gentlemen who repre-
enieo we various nations nave in sons to re-
tire to their respective countries, and discard
the part of mere ideologists, if they renounco
the iruitifss taK or attempting to convince
thoee who stop their eara with five-franc pieces.
if they make up their minds that the point of
possibility is to convince tue great body of their I
countrymen that the theory of monopoly is
aimpiy now to larm ine many lor tne profit of
wi . . I
the few; and If they patiently wait, as the
League waited in England, until they ncuuire
the moral preponderance, their ultimate triumph
is certain and secure. The German Customs
League is beginning to doubt; Italy haa already.
as tar as ner conuiuon would admit recognized
the doctrine of free trade. It ia however in that
country, which was represented in the Congress
by tne greatest body ot deputies, and those the
men of most ability and most Instruction, that
the groat blow must bo struck. It is Franco
which is the key of the position. The Due
d'llarcourt, MM. Gamier, Blanqul Wolowskl,
&c., hire undertaken a task in which they must
needs be successful, if they prosecute It rightly,
for they have truth on their side. They will
soon gain to their cause the mea who would
only take up the cause purely from political
Th tEwveaMt of Fafcera,
We have said, la our Review colimn.tbat we
weald refer hereafter to Mr.Thonaa' discourse.
One part of it we cannot forbear wticlng new.
And that is
The Coreaeaf Our Ftlkert,
Aye, and of our Soulktr FatVrrs, too; for
In the day of their trial, and strogle for liber
ty they were true not as rtigarw oppressions
which bore heavily upon thnt bt against op
pression of every kind and for. We quote
from the discourse: I
June, 1774. "At a general Oeetlng of the
freeholders and inhabitants of P'inet George's
cean'y, IV, the following reooIsM were unani
mously agreed to: (Among othirs,) "Resolved,
that the African trade is injuriois to this colo
ny, obstructs the population of it by freemen,
prevents manufacturer and utter nseful emi
grant from Europe from sottllig amongst a,
and occasions an annual Increaie of the balance
of trade against this colony." I
"At a meeting of the freehol h r and other in
habitants of the county of Ciipepper, In Vir
Einia, assembled on due notl, at the Court
Hous of th said county, on Thursday, the 7th
of July, 1774, to consider of the most effectual
method to preserve the rights aud liberties of
America: Resolved, That the Importing slave
and convict servsnts, is injurious to this
colony, a it obstructs the population of it with
freemen and useful mannfuctnrtrs, and that we
will not buy any such slave or eoavict servant
hereafter to be imported."
"At a general meeting of the freeholders and
inhabitants of the County of A'aascatsna?, Ym.,
on the Uth day of July, 1774, the following re
solutions were unanimously agreed to: Resolv
ed. That the African trade ia injurious," Si..
(same aa the resolution of Pr. George's Co.)
July 14, 1774, At a similar moeUng In Caro
tins Canary, Virgiaie, "Resolved, That th
African trade ia injurioua to this colony, dec
aud therefor that the purchase ef all imported
slaves ought to be associated against
July 16th, 1774, At a meeting of Surry
Cunntt, Virginia, "5th, Resolved, That aa the
population of thi colony with freemen and
useful manufacturers, is greatly obstructed by
the importation of alavee and convict servant
we will not pure has any such slavee or servant
hereafter to be imported."
At a general meeting of the freeholders aad
oilier inhabitant of theeoa Fmirfts, Vir-
riaio, at the court house In the town of Alex
andria, on Monday, the 19th day of July, 1774
George H'uaiitf tea, Esqr., ia the chair):
Keaolved, That it i the opinion ot this meet
ing, that during our present dimculliee and dis
tress, no alavee ought to be imported into any of
the British coloniea on this continent ; and we
take this opportunity of declaring our moat
earnest wishes to see an entire stop forever put
to such a wicked, cruel, and unnatural trade.
Resolved, That it ia the opinlcn of this uwet-
Ing, that a Solrmn Ceeeaaat aad Aifeimlit
hould be entered into by the is habitant of all
the coloniea, &.e."
"At a meeting of the freeholders of faaeeer
csy, I ., at the court house, on July With,
1774," au address of instruction to their Del
gates, John Syme and retries. Henry, waa
adopted, in which they aay: "The African trade
for slaves, we consider as meat dangerous to vir
tue aad the welfare of title country; we there
fore most earnestly wish to see it totally dis
"At a meeting of freeholders, Slc, of Prin
ces Ann eMBfy, IV, Resolved, That our
Burgesses be instructed to oppose the linporU'
tion of slaves and convicts, as injurioua to thi
"At a very full meeting of Delegate from the
different countle la the colony and dominion of
Virginia, begun in Wllliamsburgh the 1st day
of August, 1774, the following Association wiu
unanimously resolved upon, and agreed to 2 J.
We will neither ouraelvea import, nor purchane
any slav or slave Imported by any other per-
on, after the first day of November next, either
from Africa, the West Indies, or any other
Thomas Jefferson waa one of the Delegates
appointed to attend tills Virginia Convention.
Prevented by sickness from attsndanco, be drew
up a paper expressive of his sentiments npoa
some important points, whieh he forwarded by
one of his brother Delegates. That paper con
tains the following paragraphs "The abolition
of slavery is the greatest object of desire ia theoe
colonies, where it wss unhappily introduced in
their infant state. But previous to the enfran
chisement of the slaves wo have, it is necessary
to exclude all further importations from Africa-
Yet our repeated attempts to effect this by pro
hibitions, and by imposing duties which might
amount to a prohibition, have been hitherto ce
feated by his Majesty's negative: thus prefer
ring the immediate advantage of a few Africaa
corsairs, to the lasting interests of the Ameri
can States, and to therighw of human nature.
deeply wounded by thi 1 a famous practice."
Aug. 27, 1774, The Provincial Convention
of North Carolina, held at Newborn, adopted
the following, among other resolutions: "Re
solved, That we will not import aay slave or
slaves, or purchase any alar or slavee Imported
or brought into this province by others from
aay part of the world, after the first day of No
On the 5th of September, 1774, the First
Continental Congress assembled ia Philadel
phia. Eleven Coloniea wen represented in that
body. After a long and patient consideration
of th subject, a Plan of Association for carry'
ing into etiect the non-importation, 3tc.. was
adopted on the 20th of October, from which I
quote the following article: "Wa do, roa oua-
SKLVES, AND FOX THE INHABIT A NTS Of THE SEVXB
AL COLONIES WHOM WE UFkESENT, flkMLT AOXIE
AND ASSOCIATE, CNDEE THE SACSID TIES Of VlXTCE
HoNoa, and Love or oca Ccumtv, a felUw:
2nd. That we will netthe mroaT, Noa roa
CHASE ANY SLAVE IU POSTED, AfTEB THE FISJT DAT
or Dectmbeb next, Airta which time we will
WHOLLY MSCOMTI.1CETHE BUTE TEADE, AND WILL
NEITHEB BE CONCF.BNED IN IT OCBSXLVES, NOB WILL
WE HIBE OCB VESSELS, NOB ELL CB COMMODITIES
ob MAicrAcrrxxs to thosi WHO ABE cdncebned
in it." This Association was read, and signed
at tha table, by the Delegates of New Hamp
shire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecti
cut, N. York, N. Jersey, Pennsylvania, Dela
ware, Mary land, Virginia, North Carolina, aad
South Carolina Georgia waa not represented
in that Congress. Amolg the signers, were
John Adams, Roger Sherman, John Jay, Philip
Livingtton. Richard Henry Leo, Georgo Waah
i-ton P.lrlrk H.nnr. Rani. H.rrl.n A .
r j w j- ,
Sucb Was THE COVENANT OX OCB rATHUBS.
C'looe f the Cewawr PUnla; Sew
Ortt mmd Mineral raised. Am't Skipped
By Lake Superior Com. 1 J 14,841 lbs 34,441 lbs
L" I . II V. .4 n. 711 IHHI Ml 1 M
Pituburgh &Bostouf 7,34,, 1,197,43!
at a at 1 wi vwiiipw" j j
North WestComp'y. 190,000
Lac 1.1 Belle do 200,000
Suffolk do 300,000
Algonquin do 120,000
Mendenhall do em.uuu
All others making rep'te 1,3274)63
Totel 10,244,200 1,693,805
Leaving a balance of 8,550,395 lbs. of mineral
to besmnlted la the mining district
Kail ww ye la Cistat.
The great western Railway (Canada) was
commenced on the 23d ultat London. U. C,
mid joyous demonstration aad festive apart.
The Court Martial, ia the case of Lt. Col.
Creroont, commenced at Washington last week.
It excite among military men great laterest
Senator Benton and Gea- Joneo are Atty'e for
Lt Fremont The Coart la composed of the
Gea. Brook. President of th Coart. The
Judge Advocate, Captain John F. Lee, Ord-
Brig. General G. Al. urooae, v-oi. Jin -
Col. S. Churchill, Inspector General.
t ol. I. B. Crane, 4th Artillery.
Brer. Col. Matthew M. Payne. 4th Artillery.
Brer. Lt Col.S. H Long.Corpa Top. Eng.
Lieut Col. R. K. DeRuesey. Corps Top. Lng.
Lleat Col. J. P. Taylor, Subsistence Dep't
Brev. Lt Col. II. K. Craig. Ord. Department
Major R. L. Baker, Ord. Department
Major J. D. Graham, Corpa Top. Engineers.
Major R. Delafield, Corps Engineers.
Brev. Msjor G. A. McCall, Assistant Adjutant
Major E. W. Morgan 1 1th Infantry.
Capt John F. Lee. Ord. Department, Judge
Of the above, all except Major McCall, were
found lo be present .
rawer la Cltieo.
Wo bave from the most undoubted authority
a very Important piece of information in rela
tion to the application or steam power io mm
factnres in cities. There ia a city within a dis
tanceof three hundred milea from here of aboat
th aize of Hartford, whose Inhabitants per
ceived that iu population and wealth were be
coming stationary, if not retrograding, and felt
th necessity of making a comtunea ana reso
lute effort to restore aud sustain their ancient
prosperity. Accordingly they got up a compa
ny with a capital of $100,000, and erected a
steam woollen mill for the manufacture of broad
cloths. The result has far succeeded their most
sanguine expectations. At th end of the first
year thia company will have returaed to it
stockholder a dividend of $50,000 from the pro
fit, besiiea receiving a surplus of$10,U00 more
Th success of this effort haa given an impulse
to the who! business and industry of th place,
and produced the moat salutary and complete
renovation ia its condition and prospect. On
effect of It will be the Immediate erection of
another tteam woollen factory, and also a
steam cotton mill, which is to be 350 feet in
lenrth and contain 25.000 spindle. All thi i
taking place in an inland town which ia wholly
destitute or tha central aud comtuanuing poai
tion, and of the other advantages for such abusi
nee which thi city enjoy.
W copy the above from the Hartford Time.
Why may not Louisville follow the example
ice can ( a wifi. Let ua resolve to do it!
; Wewe VirgtBtsw
Wecommrnce the address of Dr. Rnffner on
the first pagt, thia week. He i a slaveholder,
and he speak to slaveholders. Wo hope it will
be read and t irculated.
The first fart of the address, relating to local
matters, apportionment of the State, iaternal
policy, &.C., &.c, wo omit We bave the white
lawa in Kentucky. Yet, the subject is impor
tant, as showing how far the Southern States
resort to an unjust apportionment system, (thus
depriving non-alaveholdera of their rights,) aad
we thill, one of these day, refer to it at length
A young Georgian writes us:
Don't be weary or faint or yielding I am
nere, lor lite, and, as 1 know hundreds of men
who would make Georgia free, if they could, I
don't mean t give up. I have read your pro
position about independent county action, and
every one I have spoken to, says, it is just, and
if we could get it. Old H should have no
slav in it I know of no sugctwtion that haa
cheered me up so much as that of souuty ac
Tl.i U the spirit: "I am here, for life." Wo
like to hear this. Above all do we like to hear
it when coupled with the determination to do
whil life last. A thousand such men could
Th Big Miami has again overflowed its banks.
and caused serious damage to the White Water
Canal, (running from Cincinnati to Cambridge
Ia., j and to farmers ia the neighborhood of Har
rison, Hamilton county, Ohio.
InroBTANT to Pbovision rACKXaa. A high
ly respectable English house engaged ia the pro
vision business with thi country, in a tetter to
a correspondent, a merchant of thia city, am ing
other thing write th following, which w are
permuted to extract :
"Our crop of hogs in England will be ready
In March, and the large quantity of damaged
Indian corn, as food, ia likely to produce a cutn-
tity double that of any former year, and the
nign price ot pork will induce our English far
mers to sell all they caa spare. I think the
pork that goes forward before March will iteli
for the best prices. It is no nse to send hsms
from your section, aa they will not pay the ex
penses. 1 be astern cur has a name attached
to it that will make it very difficult to sell.
L.ra la in best article, in good barrel, with
real fere ; but I am orry to tell you that your
Western tare I considered a drmi aAaee. IH
try to get actual tare in your business
sound so honest" St. Levi Rtftb., Oct. 21
Can- Robebt Andebson. 17. S. Amu vav
W o perceive by a notice iu the Cincinnati Ga
zette, that a letter had been received at that
place from Capt Anderson, addressed to one of
bis brothers, conveying the welcome intelligence
that Capt A. is rapidly recovering from the
wounds received In one ef the battles near the
city of Mexico. He ie said to have received five
wound, but had so far recovered as to bo able to
walk at th date of hi letter. Capt. A. is
native of this county, and a son of Col. Richard
t. Anderson, deceased, who waa himself a gal
lant ofheor of the Revolution. Capt. A. gradu
ates at v est rotnt military academy, with high
reputation, and has since held a distinguished
position in tne army tor bis attainments in artil
iery science and tactics. UmieeiUe Jemrmal.
Porr Omen Statistics. Th Norwich Aa
rora publishes some notes from the charge of
juage juason 10 tne i.rand Jury, at the late
of term of the Circuit Court in Hurt ford, rela
tive to private mails. In 1 t JO the whole nam
ber of Post-Office in the United Stste was 75,
ami me amount ot poatag collected waa $37,
934 00. In 1845, th Post-Offices numbered
14,003, aud the revenue amounted to $4,239,
841 00. Ia 1790, the amount of postage collect
ed in Hartford wa $74 21, in Ittl the uett re
venue, after deducting compensation to Post
master, was $4,4 14 7C. The amount collected
in New lork la 1790 waa $1,(nJ7 OH la 131
the nett revenue was $136,500 28.
Flocb roa the Queen. Wo aaw yesterday
the bill of lading for three barrela of flour,
shipped by J.Chappell 6l Co., of Rochester, oa
the boat Wm. H. Groat J. M. Dudley, master, to
be forwarded to Queen Victoria. Four years
since the same firm sent a barrel, and subse
quently received an order for 6,000 barrels.
From this it may be inferred that it was found
to bo a first rate article by the royal kitchen
The barrela in which this samoU flour waa en
closed, were finished In a style equal to cabinet
work, and dona up In canvass (.'lie Daily
Maceeux Catching. The mackerel catchers
of Truro, on Cape Cod, have been doing a fine
business lately. One vessel in aboat three
week took no leas than 690 bbls. In one trip
of 10 days she took 230 bbls: la another aif M
days, 290 bbls; and In another of 7 days 170
uum. nw outer vessel in in course f th
last month, hav brought in faree varying from
300 to 500 bis. Thia u a usual success has giv
en a new Impetus to business among the hard
and enterpriaing citizens of Traro, iVete RJ-
ford aitrcmiy, Mdmf.
WONDEBrVL TELBOBArM I MaftnwYWarAVT lkaa
lndsm Afrijtc f Seine for ltt fnAntK
states that the Electric Company have invented
a macnino wnicn win communicate Intelli
gence simultaneously to ooaae fertv u fin.
British cities among them Liverpool, !..
Manchester, Bristol. Leeds. Sheffield. Nmin.
ham, Hull, York. It can transmit af 1
all the place from one thousand to two thou
sand letters per minute.
RxCiriOClTT WITH BaAXru The President h.
Issued his proclamation, suspending and discon
tinuing duUea of tonnage and import lato the
U. States, so far aa resDOCta vsaaala i m.
chandisa of Brazil, satiatectory aaonrancoe hav
ing bean glvn that that power had do., th.
aasaa la relation t American vessel.
Howitt's Jocb.hai- Mary Hewitt tell a pret-
ty story, and teaches a good lesson, in tha Sop.
tember number of this JonraiL
The Poet and his little daughter! Theratbe
are, of a Jane morning, where rosea, and yei
low jaami aa covered the old wail, aad th black
bird, aloft in the broad-leaved sycamore, Wa
singing as if be waa out of his senaes for joy
and nature and art conspired Ut make all tld
1. .1.- iit . 1
w u iu uiv t wi v u garoen.
Was bo happy? Did content am Us spea tad
bless bimt Waa hi spirit in harmony with th
place? It waa rlootiod with aad and litter
thoughts; hia heart was.oppreased; ho had lee,
disappointed; where ho had hoped for good, k
found evil. And aa his little daughter raa ap t
hint to tell about the little charily children, full
of sympathy herself, aad surs of finciag It 1.
Dim, she heard him say to a aeighbor:
"No, I have no hope of human nature ..
lt is a poor, miserable thing that is sot weruV
working for. My beat endeavors hav hea
pent ia it service; my youth and mv bus.
UWVU . Pll PH g UJ UJ TSIJ ill V BflU till j - r
reward! 1 will no longer txive to tie good,
will write for money's sake aa others fl0 V '
not for the good of maukind!"
Th poet'a words were hitter, aud tears tr
im th eyes of his best friend. Never hj rI ,
child beard such words from ber father bsf -
n naa ncea 10 ner niinerto as a great sad f
-1 will write," said he, -for mosey 's sake
others do, and not for the good ef maukiadrv
"My father, if you do, ' said ths child, fc,
voice of mournful .ndign.1t.0u. "I wid traaar
ill vAue wnhn.i m1 r vn w 1 i
j . k ...j irirge tears
roiled down her cheeka. aud ber eyes wete fixed
on ber father's face.
The poet took the child in his amis, and kiss
ed her; an i angel had touched hit brart and he
could forgive hi bitter enemies.
"1 will tell you somelaior, my hU"Wid he
ia his nsMai wild voice, 'i h clUd Ieue4 ber"
head ag.tinst hia breast, aud lUieued. "One
upon a lime a man lived lit a great wule wilder
ness; ho was a poor man, and worked very hard
for hi bread; he lived ia a cave a ruck, aad
because the sun sbowa burning hot into th
caVe he twined roses, and jaaiuias. aud honey,
suckles all around it: and in front of it, and ia
the ledges of the rock, he planU-u flowers aad
sweet aiirubs, aud made it very pleawui. Wa
ter ran gurgling from a fissure ia Uie ruck iat
a little fcuuiiii. wbenea it nnureii I ,.
. , - -icajag
lich grow all kiaisaf
tail lre;.K wUich u.turs
I litlie suj-rrlj, aad
lb, brigin, iutUiigea
tnrougn bia garoeu, in which
fruits. Bird sung in th tail I
herself bad planted, i
int. u.aiui. nun vi ii:ut, luiiureu
eyea, lived in the branches and aLioag tl Hoe--
an ...it i ii ..
T-fW. III! WVUIM Kv VHV Will Willi llf HlaB.
had not evil spirit lukci poseiuu of his eats
they trenblod hiui night aud day; tuey cro;i4
canker blight upon bis roees, nipped d bis
jasmine aad honeysuckle flowers, and ia ta
form of a calerpiiler aud blight, au hi -jau-ful
fruits. It made the mat n;ry and biiter
the flowers were no longer beautii ui to him, aad
when be looked al thent h thought enly ef me
canker aud the calerpiiler, 'lean no loug-r laa
pleasure in them,' said he, 'I will leave las tai
and go elsewhere.' He did so; aud lie liavrle
oa and on; but it was a Vast wilderness ia v huh
b wa. aud so it waa many aud maay a cay be
fore be cam to a place of rest, nor cm be kuuw
that all thia time the evil spirit a 1,0 14
plagued him so in his own cave, w;rc ttiil jju.f
wiln him; but they were; and they utae srery
place he canto to scent wtae thau the Use tliir
very breath cast a blight upon every Unuj. 11.
was foot-sore and weary, aud very iiua-rui,.
A feeliug like despair was ia his hrit, aj ie
said ho might a well die a live; be lay toa
in the wilderness, and scarcely haJhecoae Uut,
whea he beard behind him the pie.ultoua4
in th world; a little child singing like a lira be
cause her heart waa innocent aud fail : joy,
th next moment she waa at his side. Toe rtd
spirits that were about him, when thev ra ber
comiug, drew back a little, for the bruugnt auk
ber a beautiful company of angi-U auj txigul
spirits, little cherubs, with rouu i, rv cheeks,
golden hair aad laughing eyes, slut ' belweea
two dove's wings aa white aa snow. Ti. chiid
had not the learn idea that these bcauuiui ti..u
always were about her; all she knew ., iliI
ahe waa full of joy, and that she loved ainnt aii
things to do goud. When she saw the poor man
lying there, abe went up to him, ai uu-d to
pityiugly and yet so cheerfully lo him, llul in
felt as if ner words would cure him. u 10M
I hint that she lived just by, and that t e thnjio j
pvith her and rest, aud get well'iu her Cut, tit
want with her, and it was just such a cut 1 km
own, only much smaller. Koae ana huaey
nckle and janmiuea grew i.11 around it; ai
birda were singing, and gold and silver tun vers
sporting about in the water; and there aerstach
bed of arrawbernea all red aad luscious tlial
filled the air with ouour. It wa a keaui.ijl
place; there seemed lobe no canker uorti.jjiiina
anything; and yet the man saw how ;i.- l1
woven webe like th most beautiful Uce (ra.a
one vine branch to another; and but:erdirt mat
had ouce been devouring caterpillar were ba
ting about; andjutt as In hi awn jrn. Iat
yellow frog were squalled ouder the cool mo-
berry leaves; but the child loved Uie f-os as
well as tae green lixanis, and said luat fit) cii
her no harm, aud that there were pleu.j of wis"
berrie both for them aad Lr her.
"The evil spirit that had troubled tne man.
and followed hiui, could nol gel into ine ehii
garden; it wa impossible, Uxu a I i:ks rosy-cheeked
chersae and while angeu iuc- intra;
aad that which is good, be it ever so t.i. : a
great deal stronger than that wnieh i evil, o it
ever so large, cio they satouuideaui C t t:.tir
nails for Vexalioa; aud aa Uie iiun staeu aloug
time wilh the child they got so tireu t l i;u,
thst some of them flew away forever. Al lrLk.n
the man kissed the child, aavi went let k lo in
own place. When be got there he fjuuc mat
owning to the evil spirits having beeu so Uug
sway, the flowers and the fruiu bad ia g-rt
measure recovered themselves: thers wss tari-
lyany canker or blight left, and as t.ie cb'id
camo now very often 10 see him, snj brought
wilh ner all her bright companv. the viae wj
freed, at least while she sUyoJ. from th evil
ones. That is a true story. There are maay
men, who, like him, live in a wilJerae., aaj it
I happy for them when they have a child for
The poet was silent, the child klsseil hl:a. and
then, without saying a word about the lut.s
charity children, ran off to sit down betiue laem.
and perhaps to tell them the story wnich bar fa-
iner naa just toic ner
And, children, do you see tc you nuy tesch
Fathers and Mothers, and your eUe:, waa
wrong, how to do right? A word kiady tpokea.
hen they are angry sweet smile whea they
ar nahappy, th right thing done ia th n;ht
way, will chase away th vil spiritt aad Baks
them good again.
Cerraaaf Breakimr, mud Ut Co$ifes, f
tk Present Petition tf ear A'afieaal.isirt, ia
etrnmrrtion ttilk the Mexican War. Tare D .f
ttmrtet. B9 Rt9. Tktmmt E. Tkmm$ . Then
are very able discourses. .The first of tiem, es
pecially, we consider powerful," ia 'he best
sense of the word. We shall hereafter mats
use of parte of both, and many of the dots ti 7
Wo never read a discourse which mads a re-
alixe so vividly, that the hand of God lead aid
directed our revolutionary fathers. And, eii
quently, b this great truth Illustrated. W bar
only room for the following Interesliug aef-
When Washington wa driven froni Ns1
York, and partially defeated at White P!aia.
and hia arinv reduced to waat In every rr pecl
o much so, that the leaden window sashes wers
taken out, church beils, and even brass knock-
era on the doors, removed, to be converted ia:e
balls and caaaon.be wrote to Rosxbt You.
at Philadelphia, for tea thousand dollars, is "sb
aolotely neceaaaay to the safety of th army,
and onr eocce." What was to be done? Cos
grese had gone the treasury waa emptymost
of the wealthy citizen had fled! Meditating,
as he was going homo, apon these things
the gloomy prospect, Mr. Mobbis met (mBsy
would aay. ateLiemtll- i h. aa. r-
eWiaiy) a member of the Society of J'rieaJa,
who was, of course, at frieud to the war, but
whoso aid ho determined at once to ask.
"W hat aewaT" aalied th. Uu.ker.
"The most important news." replied Merrat,
"U. that I want ten thousand dolbrs la specie
and that yon must let mo hav it- Year security,
my note and honor."
"Robert." WAS th. hfiafamJ ohaai-teriatie IO
ply, "thee shall bave It."
Ine money waa Immediate! seat t. Waahiaf"
tonihe victories of Trenton aad Princeton te
le wed, and from that hoar tk. laants sag
area aloft toward Heaven.