Newspaper Page Text
J. C. V ATC HAN. Ertm.
F. C06BV. Aautut EmtqI.
LOUISVILLE::: ::::::DEC. 11, 1547.
Mraa-Which naHk, Ketstrsaher I
' Southrons despise slave-dealers. Go hra
you rill, and you will find tliU sentiment prevail
ing. This, in itself, is a conclusive answer to
thoe who affirm that alsvery is a blessing. A
fart uu stated in a pulpit, in this city, which
illustrate oar remark. One of the Slsve-de!era
ttt Baltimore, went down ae passenger on
one of the steamers from this city to New Or
leans, lie w as kntown, yet no one teemed to
notice htm '.
At Evantrllle, a minister came on board, and
the trader fastraed himself npon him. But the
secret earns out. "I do the busiaeas up right."
"I never separate families." " I am human to
all I purchase." "And I always five liberally
to chare Los." These wore his asseverations;
bat they did not avail him.
He was still left alona!
Um Eases pie.
The committees for the poor of our city are
busy in their food work. Quietly, but effec
tively, they are dispensing wisely the public
It so happened that a free colored women
needed aid. Her case was attended to; but it
was found, that she could net live long. She
had thry children, and, immediately, step
were taken to obtain for them good situations.
Thro responsible citizens offered to take charge
f them, and bring them np. A w orthy and
acelleut citizea remarked
"We must see that their rights are secured
"No danger," replied another, "the persons
who are to take them are all responsible."
"I know that," was tlis answer, "but they
may die some accident might happen and
these free blacks seat South aad sold. We
must pat their rights beyond the shadow of a
It has boon done. And this was ths action of
a slave-holder. Need w say that a spirit like
this is fully prepared to do full justice to the
colored race? Can any one doubt what such
benevolence will do'
We bear our las Union y to the true benevo
lence, and hearty zeal, with which the commit
tees of tli poor are discharging their duty
Tbey mean that none shall be neglected, and In
the case of the poor colored woman, and her
children, have girea an example which too
auaay of ths people of the free Slates are far
We have stated that the population of Wiscon
sin, was eeti mated, at this time, at near 330,000.
A Southern paper says:
"It has in point of numbers precedence of
nix States in the I'niou."
Putting the smaller Stales out of ths question,
where are they ? In tiie South or North? The
It is thourht that the DODulation in will
fall very tittle short of 5(H.l,6o0, and this estimate
w-ul not be deemed unreasonable when it ia re
collected that there were but 34i souls In ths
Terr j lory only seventeen year ago.
Only mrnenteen years fo! Think of that.
Think of the increase away np ia the frozen
North, and ask, if free, what would onra be, ask if
free, hew Virginia as well as Kentucky, would
swell in population? Why, both conld do the
fullest justice to the colored people and pay for
them twice over ia fen years if we chose,
imply by the increase of the value of oar lands.
ahall' we not do that justice Shall we not
secure this great prosperity?
W refer to this subject, always, with pain
War is not onr policy. It can only breed diffi
culties, which will do more to unsettle lew, and
oosea the foundstious of onr Constitution,
ban all other ra use put together.
Wl a "
j tie mo sirs losses, occasioned by war, are
great; but this we consider, as we believe our
people, generally, consider it, a secondary mat
tor not idle or unimportant but yet subordi
nate. There are other evils of greater magni
tnde. And first among these, is, that war tends
directly to msk and keep up false distinctions,
to establish class interests, to elevate andi
strengthen the few. What is the policy of our
government ? Wherein and on what does its
whole spirit rest? On this, that every being
bora among us has the right to the free pursuit
of whatever may advance his true interest. It
was it ought to be now its oole object, to
tnaks life securs, and liberty stable, and to put
happiiiess, as far as luar be, within lb reach
W ar reverse all this. Th poor man who
labors hard, and honestly, all his life, who brings
up a fimily, amid temptation and difficulty,
wisely aad well, who is felt, if not known by
the good he does, may die and rot, without re
ceiving a cheer as be struggles on, or n word of
general sorrow when he passes away. Yet the
soldier, by one act, by a simple display of physi
cal power, even when bis whole life shall have
been a reckless violation of the laws of God
and man, may win a nation's praise, and be
hero! The masse who npbold this injustice
endanger, thereby, their rights, and in the end.
will sacrifice them.
Admitting our citizen soldiery, one and nil
to be in feeling, as just as brave still, war, and,
specially, such a war as that now waging
against Mexico, if continued, must familiarize
them, and the nation, to cruelty, tyranny, and
very wrong. Does liberty of speech exist
where our soldiery stand? Not a paper is pub
lished ia the ci'y of Mexico without first under
going the supervision of eur officers! Are the
social rights of that invaded land regarded ?' It
Is not in the power of all the officers of the
army to prevent their flagraat violation. The
ye, the ear, and the heart, may thus become so
ased to Injustice, ae to blunt that )uick sense of
right which blushes at wrong, and dreams not
f brooking It, teaching both soldiery and people
to do, or submit to it.
The palpable danger of our land--ao free,
no rich ia resource, so full of opportunity
t all, is, that oar ambition, individually, to be
uppermost may consume itself by the very
fiereeaear of its own flame. It is this thought,
it is the fear of abuses and wrongs likely to
flow from this cause, which lies, philosophically,
at the bottom of the creed of the Democracy.
The political opposition to monopolies of every
kind, to banking institutions, to money shavers,
to specs 1st ion and speculators, to tariffs, and nil
measures which frm even to bolster np the
fete, and put the ma ay at discomfort or disad
vantage, begins and ends here. But what can
this war do what oilier effect caa wart of con
qaest produce than to rivet closer, and stronger,
very feeling, every influence, every interest,
a which this ambition on which those class
distinctions, and class interests, leek and rely
The money-changer, who finds a poor labor
er ia a strait, loans him money, and takes as
security therefor his chest of tools worth three
times the amount. The close calculating pos
sessor of larger means meets sn enterprising citi
aea suddenly involved in embarrassment, and
empties for him his bap, charging extrm inter
est, bat making good the whole by safe mort
gages. Pay day comes. The chest of tools goes
for a song! Ths real estate brings a third of its
val ue ! Laborer a nd master-director fall a hope
less sacrifice; both are left w ithoat moans or
tools to work ; aad aa regards those, and all simi
lar cases of oppression, the Democracy say, la
speech, ad J res, and resolution, "tyranny like
this, a social or lejral despotism so heart! ens as
this, cannot and rsust not be submitted to tax
your monied Shylfrcka Hill they shall be driven,
ia very shame, from their hearties busl-
i, and by law forbid forever, all monop
Is the Democracy ia etrnesl? Does it mean
what it says? Let it turn its eye upon Mexico.
What is the lust of conquest there exhibited?
Ouly this hard granping spirit acted oat on n
efieaef scale. What the thirst for plunder
there indulged? A sweepiugly selfish avarice
which grasps all it can get nothing more nor
less. And a list the unbridled laaletisneta which
makes might the power to do the limit of Its
action? The very ease are of every polluted
feeling which in the individual would strip
naked the poor man, and leave him to starve
while tables, around him, groaned with plenty!
Aye, this national robber', this bold and profli
gate national plunder, this daring dwplay of na
tional lawlessness, on the Mexican soil, is but a
concentration, abroad, of every evil which the
Democracy ever conjured up, and a sorer q sick
ener, of direr dangers, at home, than it has
ever yet had to meet. Can national a varies exist,
and individual avarice be checked? Cub na
tional oppression be tolerated, and individual
oppreesiea be prevented? Can national lieart
leseness be exhibited, and individual heartless
nest be successfully combatted ? Why, the acts
of the Government are bat the expressed will of
the nation, and, if its acta be bad, the spirit
and conduct of the people will be bad, al. It
is vain to look, hope for, or dream of any other
There it danger great danger In onr conn
try, of our forgetting from these causes, the ex
ample of our fathers, and obliterating their spir
it; we way say, indeed, that this will bo to, if
we are to ride oa a storm of military conquest.
Our peril is more imminent then that ef any
Europe groans under her war-debt. It weighs
down Prince and People,- and siren l struggles
for freedom, and efforts for progress, in all the
more civilized nations. Experience has taught
Europe the folly and wickedness of war. The
causee which produce it the ends and aims of
war its results are known -filt every day
and every hour and everyday, and every hoar.
consequently, tne voice oi the many grows
louder and stronger as it proclaims the christian
freeman's creed Peace ta Eartk, Good Will
u men. No trappings of rank bewilder them
longer. No mail-clad warriors mislead thsm
iato clamoring for blood, when, if the foe fall,
the masses know their heel shall tread dowa the
peasant arms thst bore these victors on in triumph
The true liberals of Europe, therefore these
who yearn for revolution and are eager to bat
tle for it us only star si action; they eachew
all violence; they ask for no armor-tuiU;aod oa
their flags, aad over their banquet rooms, and
upon-the banners that float from their halls,
is inscribed, at tbelr motto. Peace, sad Progrei
But kerr ia this new Republican land while
we bave no such war experience, no such war
debts, we are, individually, fired by a fiercer
social ambition, aad love of distinction, than
any nation, ancient or modern, ever exhibited;
and if the policy and spirit of our Government
shall foster these ruling passions, ty wars of
conquest, we shall end, as sure as ws exist, in
having a military despotism, privileged orders,
and clase interacts.
What is to prevent? Not the temper of our
leaders, political, monied, or military! Some of
them many, at first would' peril life in a mo
ment to prevent this change; but the kakitual
assertion of authority, without reference to
others' claims or sny standard of justice, the
open robbery carried on under pretence of law,
yet in violation of all right, the menial use of
freemen as soldiers, breeding contempt for them,
and contempt for the masses, on the part of
those who rule or direct, aiust wrap the Republic
ia one black pall of moral ruin. Of all disasters,
of any spirit created by whatever is evil, in
deed, ws regard wars of conquest aa the worst
FtaxsuN, ia pithy style, and with graphic pow
er, sketrhes the terrors of the battle-scene with
"In what light we are viewed by superior be
ings msy be gathered from a piece of late West
India news, which possibly has not vet reached
you. A young ang of distinction being seat
down to this world on some business, lor the first
time, bad aa old courier-spirit assigned him as a
guide. They arrived over the seas of Martinico
in the middle of the long day of obstinate fight
between the fleets oi Kodney and Ue Urease.
When through the clouds of smoke he saw the
fire of the guns, the decks covered with mangled
limbs, and bodies dead or dying ; the ships sink
ing, burning, or blown into the air ; and the
quantity of pain, misery, and destruction, the
crews yet alive were thus with so much esger
uess dealing round to one another; he turned
angrily to his gaide, and said, 'You blunder
ing blockhead, yoa are ignorant of your busi
ness; yon undertook to conduct me to the earth,
and you bave brought rue into hell. 'No. air,'
says the guide, I bave made no mislaks ; this is
really the earth, and these are men. Devils nev
er treat one another in this cruel manner ; they
have more sense, and more of what men (vainly)
But no man that we know of has been able,
with pen or pencil, to group, and, in one pic
ture, paint the misery, corruption, injustice, in
humanity, irrellgiousness, of wart of conquest
They are the very blackness of human iniquity
Tbey reach, invariably, to the utmost depth of
human misery, and guage the farthest bounds of
human guilt Never have they been begun,
and abandoned! Never yet did they fail to over
throw the government that systematically carri
ed them on! Never now, or hereafter will they
prodace any other consequences but decay, and
degradation, and a biting aad a ai versa! misery,
to the people who habitually sustain them.
Cassia IK. Clay.
The New Orleans papers speak, enthusiasti
cally of this gallant Keatackiaa. He is welcom
ed every where most warmly. All parties bear
the fullest testimony to his bravery, warm-heart-odnesa,
devotion to his soldiers, and his noble
generoeity. We copy the following :
Carr. CASsiit M. Clay. Among the officers
of the army, at present sojourning in our city,
we notice the gallant, the whole-souled and be
nevolent Cassius M. Clay, of Kentucky. We
have coaversed with many officers, both from
Gea. Taylor and Gen. Scott's division of the
army, aad they enthusiastically unite in testi
fying to the valor, skill Sbd whole-hearted neas
of their brother officer, the brave and gifted aon
of Kentucky. The person of Capt Clay is not
so towering as we expected to find it, but bis
piercing dagger-looking eyes, and prominent
forehead, are unmistakably indicative of the
mind and the heart of the man. There are some
sentiments entertained by this gentleman ia con
flict with those wo advocate, but this should not
prevent us from expressing oar high estimate of
a true-hearted American a gailaut spirit
r s m- ,
JV. O. KationoL
Camus M. Cur. Onr desire to become ac
quainted with this gallant yoa ng Kentuckian
was gratified by a short Interview yesterday.
Capt Clay is no more like the mil wt took him
to be, than a dove it like a hawk. His mea
ner and appearance indicate a quiet reserve
and modesty approaching nearly to diffidence,
which bat little accord with the fiery courage,
fervid eloquence, aad strong feelings, which mark
his character aa developed in hit political and
military history. He hat the manner of an
amiable gentleman and warm-hearted Keatuck-
tan, and leaves apoa every persoa with whom
he converses a very nleasinr imnreasion
Captain Clay leave our city to-day en his re
turn ta his home and family, after eighteen
months of abseace, the greater part of which
lima was tpeat ia captivity AT. O. DelU.
Tbut da the Benthem paper speak of the
Yoang Kentuckian. Everywhere, and among
all clatsss. hit welcome has been a warm tin.
and, from whit we hear, t:veh older vied with
each oth( in the far Soath la shewing him
every attention. Nor wat hit reception less
warm on bit native tod. Ht arrived here on
Wednesday. Aad, wbea kaowa, many of our
citizen gathered round him, and give him at
hearty a welcome aa men could give. Wa
were gratified, ia the momentary interview we
had Willi him hi stop was brief to see the la
boring men pretaing forward to give him their
cheer. " I this Cassius M. Clay?" said one of
them as he strotched out his toil-worn hand
with hearty xeal " I cam only to see you."
He will meet with aa warm a receptitn all over
Mr. City la unchanged in look, and we need
hardly add, unchanged ia opinion.
Mr. Clay will have a public reception at Lex
it ta by the citizens, and, it will be hard for
him, to go any where ia Kentucky, where the
same honors would not be showered upon him.
The people lova and respect him, and they will
deiuonstrats both in the heartiest manner.
The following verdiat wat given at a coron-
er't inquest, held at Toronte, Canada:
" That the said W. Paris Vincent, oa the 3d
day of November, departed this lifs by delirium
tremens, induced by habits of excessive drink-
ng; and they (the Jury) consider Mr. Suther
land highly blaraeabia ia snpplying blra with
winea in large quantities within the last tsa
days, he knowing the young man's previous
This it aa example worth imitating. It is
caring for the living, (and I is should be our
great object even ia commemorating the dead,)
by bringing the moral influence of the law, and
of puLlie opinion, lo bear directly against
crime. Wa never can, and nsver will, reepect
character and value life, at wt ought, until wt
learn to speak the truth on all matters apper
taining to both, and have courage to call things
by their right names.
What fir. Hohlasaai Think."
Hosea Bigelow ia bo fool. He writes with a
keenness which cuts "clean," and makes every
body enjoy it Wa cannot help laughing, no
matter whom he hits, and bs must bs aa ill-natur
ed fellow whom does not join ia.
Alt parties kuow how common the practice
is, of writing to Mr. A. or Mr. B-, enquiring
"how he will vote?" It ia generally a stale
trick, and pretty will undervtood. Politicians
doubtful of their position or fearful that the peoj
pie nay forget them, get friends to ask them
publicly" what they think on this measure ?"
or how they will vote on that ? and they
have an opportunity ta flourish, and appear in
the punts, aad to be read of all men. Hosea sati
rizes this practice, as it deserves to be satirized.
J. P. Robinson enjoyed It we daresay at least
the Boston Courier (where the article appeared)
tayt ao one will be more likely to laugh over it
WHAT Ma. BOBIMSOS THINKS.
Gcoaca N. Baioos in a sensible man ;
lis i lays to hit home and looks artorhii folks;
He draws his furrer as straight aa he can.
And into nobody' later patch Kket.
But John P. .
Says he won't vote for Governor B.
My ! ain't it terrible ? What shall we do ?
We can't never choose him of course tliat't
I guest we shall have to come round, (don't
And go in for thunder and pans, and all that ;
For John P.
Ssys he won't vote for Governor B.
General Cuehing'sa very nice man :
He's been on all sides that give places or pelf;
But consistency still was a part of the plan
He's been true to 0D6 party, that H liinv
So John P.
Says he shall vote for General C.
General Cushing he goes for the war ;
He don't vally principle more'n an old cud ;
What did God make ns rational creatures for,
But glory, gunpowder, plunder and blood ?
So John P.
Says he shall vote for General C.
We were gittin' on nicely up here to our village,
With old-fashioned ideee of what'a right and
We kind o' thought Christ want agin war and
And that eppyletts w ara't the best mark of a
But John P.
Ssys this kind o' thing's an exploded idee.
The side of our country mast alien be took.
And President Polk yoa know, he is our coun
ty! And the angel who write all our sins in a book
Pats the debit to him to ns the oercontry;
And John P.
Says this is his view of the thing to a T.
Parson Wilbur he calls all these argimenta lies;
Says they're nethin' on airth but jest, fee,
faw, turn ;
And that all this big talk of our deetiniea
Is half on it ignorance, and t'other half rum
But John P.
Says it ain't no such thing; and, cf course.
so must we.
Parson Wilbur aavs ae nerer heard ia Lis life
That the Apostles rigged out in their s waller-
And marched round in front of a drum and a
To get some on 'em office, and some on 'em
But John P.
Say they didn't know every thingdown in
Wal. it's a mercv we've e-ot folks to tell us
The rights and the wrongs of thsse natters, I
That God sends country lawyers, and otherwise
To drive the world's tsams when it gets in a
Far John P.
Sayt the world'll go right, ef he hollers out
UeT If. B.
A Mga, asiel 1 ewe.
The SktUtfvilU New ha ths following:
"There is quite aa anti-slavery movement
V irginia; aad connected with it is an idea at
novel aa it is Demtrutic! la Western Vir
ginia there are, comparatively speakinir, very
few slaves, to the number there is in I Eastern
The citizens of Western Virginia, have for
but are oat voted by those in the East. They
aow are advocating a law to permit couafiet to
legislate for themselves in tae matter: and thus
permit a majority of the people in aay one coun
ty, to meet at the polls, and declare whether sla
very shall be longer permitted therein, or not?
Thia novel idea finds many advocates; and not
in Virginia only. By ourexchangiw we as it
has supporters in Georgia, and other State.
Our opinion is that it certainly contains a puni
-Demoermtie" principle the majority should
East Tennesse, and West South Carolina, are
beginning to think and talk of this idea "novel
as it ia Democratic," and the people in both
tnctiona who hav dona either, say with the
Ketei, that the majority ahoald rale.
The Knoiville Tribune (Ttnn.,) aiys:
Thi Nobtr and thz Sooth. la a recent ad
dress to hit constituents, Lord Joiia Russell
made the following extraordinary assertions:
"To show how deeply education is connected
ith liberty, let me call y eur attention for a mo
ment to that which takes place ia the Northern
and Southern States cf America. In the North
era States, where their prevails the atmost free
dom, wt find the State busying itself la and en
coaragiag and promoting education, and that
there the great proportioa of th body of the peo
ple do receive a full, a wholesome, and a liberal
education. (Hear, hear.) But, on the other hand,
ia aouinern Btateu, where slavery t ravail.
we find education dicuraged, and ia many
casee prohibited becaunej it it known that at
knowledge it con aectod with freedom, so is ig
corauco connect! and, linked with slavery."
This venerable citizen of Kentucky wat one
of the coansel In the Pi Patch Cast now under
judicial investigation laPhlladelphia. . The Sun
tayt he tpoka with eloquence, and produced a
marked sensation. H. named many incidents
of the euriy time of fie settlement of Ken
tuckyof the war of lie Revolution. He is
upokea of as the nobleulipeclnien of a " fine old
HAss IB 4M nmm Mswke."
Reverence It dun U a. When virtuous old
men give counsel, the yung should listen with
heedful ear, and consider with patient deliber
ation. There ia no tnijk of manhood to truly
noble as that which teal before honored are.
Alixkt Gallatin, oi of the putriarcha of
ourcouutry, has given lis views to the public on
the war with Mexico. They will be scattered
far and near. Will men of all parties consider
them ? Will partlians, Ion all sides, pause and
reflect upon them ? we ko' not what they are,
but we trust that the ' rUw old man's counsel"
will be well weighed by his countrymen.
In our leader, last week, the words " popula
tion, and proposition," aire used Instead of the
word "resertMa." The intelligent reader
doubtless discovered the typographical error.
We gave a speclrW of heroics peculiar to
France a week or two since. Another hat fallen
under our notice so uniqss that wscaanot with
Wassmus was a fatorlle "artist" in Fsris. He
made the choicest articles, and was a caterer to
fashion. He turned aMuain. But this only
deepened the sympathy of all Paris for him,
and made hit trUl a tort of triumph. The fol
lowing it an account of it The court wat
crowded, and tAe trial watched with the same
Interest that a drama would be when first seen
by a novice. Wassmus shot his brother-in-law
with a pistol in couseqasnce of his charging
him with writing aa anoayinout latter. II did
not deny tAe deed. He admitted it, but plead
'no premelitatiou" though the proof was, that
he had, ttne hours btifort th murder, prepared
his pUtoa, aad gone to the house of his brolhsr
in-law weapon in baud.
"What is your object?" he wat asked by his
"Tt demaud an explanation," replied W
itius "you must retract your accusation and
'Yeu must give me further time," was the
""No," sternly said Wassmus and shot bim
' He wat arretted, and now imagine him be
fore a court of France pleading "no premedita'
lion." Wassmus addresses the court frequent
ly; he sheds tears; a profound sensation it pro
duced. He becomes by degrees a hero. The
audience greet him at tuch. But what was his
defence I Hear klm.
"I was insulted by my brother-in-law. (sobs.)
I tken took my pistol; It wat said I cocked it I
corked it. Oh God! 1 was a prey to all sorts
of hallucinations! I boh Id nought except fire
aud flames around mo I etied out "beg pardon
on your knees," and lo! the pistol went off!
(sensation) Oh! I would have given the world
not lo have taken that weapon. Heaven la my
witness that 1 did not wish to kill him! Yes, I
ask pardon of ray God; hut it was fatality
irresistible fatality which guided and Impell
ed me. I descended the stair-case I reached
the court there 1 wished to dash my head
against the wall, and then I was arreshid. Oh,
(groaning) since 1 am not dead, I am the most
nntbrtunate of men."
The ladiet sighed, the witnesses wept; and
the Jury headed la a verdict of acquittal, amid
the applaus of the who! aawembly !
.'heap Postage Fraahlajj.
Low rate this ia the doctrine! Low rates!
No othsr principle will suit the American peo
ple, or secure for the depsrtrrent a larger reve
nue. The great tvil is now the franking system.
People do not .wuderstaud thin. If they did, it
would not stand aa hour. hy should any set
ef men have the privilege of tending what they
please, whether it be a shawl or a public docu
ment, and another bs debarred by a heavy tax
from communicating his desrest thoughts to
loved ones away, or receiving ia return, that
which woald bite him and ra.-ike him happy.
Abolish the frat.kingprivilegt.say we. Abol
ish it, and establish the iowent rates of post
age. Cist, of Cincinnati, speaking of the abuse of
the franking privilege, saya ia his Advertiser:
The latest affair of the kind came to light
during tho late eougrwsslonal election in Ten
nessee. I copy from the Knoxville Standard:
"On th 17th February, 1M6, there came by
mail, to my office, a packet, endorsed public
document,' franked by Wm. M. Cocke, M. C,
and addressed to his vife. The weight of the
package wat 2 lbs. 9 zs. 1 lb. 7 ozs. of which
was marked with t",M postage, which amount
was likewise charged in the post bill that accom
panied it from the distributing post office,
" The packet was opened in my presence, and
found to consist of a cased miniature, some five
inchee in length, about four in breadth, and
three-fourths of an inch in thickness, enveloped
in a large document by cutting the size of the
miniature out of ths document, the margin to
surround it, and ths top and bottom page to
" Upon an examination of the post office law
and instructions, I was fully satisfied that
the amount of postage marked npon the packet
was correct, which amount f.t",H0; was prompt
ly paid. WM. NORTON,
Postmaster, Rutlodge, Tenn."
All such temptations to swindling should be
removed by the abolition of th franking privi
lege. The following serves to show the inevitable
a.ltMoy ving ia ta f aatra
privilege or allowances. It I taken from the
British Whig, Kingston, Canada:
" The government tome time since gave no
tice that, as this it tie second time of removal
of the public officers within three years, free
passage would be provided for those officer
who chose to accept them, as well as free con
veyance for their etTetts, and case to pack them
in. As may be imaned, most of the officials
availed themselves of this kindness In its fullest
extent, and a few tot only packed np their
movables, but also their firewood. A few days
ago one large and weighty government packing
case, while in the act of shipment, burst asun
der, and its contents were found to be half a
cord of wood, value iuee and sixpence, the ex
pense of case and freight to Montreal one
pound nin shilling! and ninepence! " Cisf't
Away dowa 1st New Orlewaat
The planters in La., to far at we have met
them, are more liberal In their vitwt of si i very
than the planters of South Carolina. This may
bo attributed to a variety of causes; but chiefly
to the fact, that the political era tlaeery action
has never disturbed this State. The Louisiana
planters, very generally, do not hesitate to ac
knowledge slavery a curse, and laugh at the idea
that their toil could not be profitably cultivated
by free labor.
An instance of thia it before ut. The New
Orleans National asserts, that Jaeok Barker de
clared "Slavery wat tho greatest carte ever
Inflicted npoa the South." Thit the Conner
denies. "Mr. Barksr may have said." it adds.
that alavery 1h a curse, and so it is, and the
Southern people woald toon get rid of it, if they
could do to without creating evils a thousand
Upon this, the National asks "Has not the
Courier admitted too much? What will the
Barn-burntrt tayt, How will th Wilrnot Pro-
vLm men ase this admission, fce.,&c.? To this
the Courier rejoins
"No sensible man will deiy. tliat alavery in
all it forms, is a curse; and the farther we ad
vance Inciv ilUalion, the greater th curse. And
so- it it with Northern free labor, and English
Pauperism. The pauperism of England, how
ever, isa greatercurse at this momnnt, thaa our
Southern Slave System."
Well wa will let the North attaad to bar free
labor and Great Britain to hot pajperisra, and
look after tho "carte" of the SouJi. Wa cer
tainly want to advance In civilization; but, at
wa advance, we do not desire to p'-unge deeper
and deeper in minery. If free laborer In Great
Britain and the non-slaveholcing States suffer,
through injustice, (and this alone is th cause of
whateve suffering exists) thia injustice should
be repaired, just it wt should repair the Injustice
dotie to the blacks.
But our purpose In noticing this matter wat
to refer to the frank manner ia which Louiiianl-
aua referred to, and admitted, that s svery was a
curio "a curst ia all its forms," deepening, too,
aa we advance further into eivLizattan!
New Kaalsuaw HallKasaa.
There are, in the aix New England States
2,40 inllei milet of Rail-road finUhed (now)
or In process of construction. These roadt
contain an area of 61,734 square miles.
They are thus set down:
States. Miles R. Roads. Area so a are miles.
Maine, 300 30,000
N. Hampshire, 475 9,164
Vermont, 370 9,056
Massachusetts, 900 7,500
Connecticut, 300 4,674
Rhode Island, 75 . !60
B-side the above, there are several hundred
mileH of railroad projected, for which charters
hav been obtained. Th cap i til already Inves
ted in railroads ia the New England Stat to
supposed to amount to $50,000,000.
The cass of the Charch of St A gustlne against
the county of Philadelphia has at length been
brought to close, by the jury giving a verdict
ia favor of the Church for $17,433,87. The
damiges were laid at $S3,C27,75. The Judge'
charg t Ui jury was strongly in fa vor of tht
plaintiff. On th law point b charged ; 1st
That a corporation can recover against th
county in a suit of thia natut. Tho word
"person" used ia the act will apply to, aad
meant a corporation. 2d, That tho jury may
allow interest on tho claim front th time tht
church was destroyed in 1844.
Milton tells us that he dare be known to
think tht poet Spenser " a better teacher than
Scotus or Aquinas;" and it is true that thepo'
ett, while they present to ns "truth severe in
fairy fiction dresaed," often giitut mom Im
preesiv lessons with regard to ths duties of Kfe,
than the professed teacher does. An Incident
ia Taiso shows ut in the most striking manner,
how to deal with difficulties. Wa give the pas
sage in Iloole' version, a friead having borrow
ed our Fairfax. When Alcasio offered to enter
the Enchanted Forest
His fuither way mass of flame arose;
Wider each moment It expands, and higher,
Aad seems one lofty wall or solid fire,
Which round the wood a wondrous bulwsrk
To guard its treasures from intrusive hsnds.
Part hijjh above the rest aspiring grew,
And semd a towering castle to the view.
The ramparts of thlt new-made b-ll to guard,
Vast store of warlike engine were prepared:
And oh' in what dire crowds th infernal brood
To guard the castellated barrier stood!
Some eyed the chief with stern aud withering
Their weapons some with threatening gesture
Alcasto was alarmed aud retired. When
Tancred undertook to enter, the aim wall of
tire was there to oppose him. Bat bo was not
to be dauated by difficulties, aad determined
to make them give way
"If boldly I advance, the fires I see
More fierce in aspect than in fact nay be;
But come the worst! As thus the hero spoke,
A desperate leap amid the flames he took;
Boldness unmatched! Yet did no heat intense,
As of surrounding fire, affect his snse;
Nor rightly, in a space so brief, he knew
If fancied were the flame h saw, or true.
For, liardly touched, the baseless phantom fled."
This is the wsy to meet difficulties. Plunge
Into them, and they are gone. There are al
ways lions in the way; but if you march up to
them boldly, they growl and retire. " Madame,"
said oue of the minister of Louis XVI. to Ma
rie Antoinette, "if the thing ia only difficult,
It is done; if it is impossible, it shall be done."
The boasting Frenchman, without knowing it,
expressed a great truth. The txu principle is
to act as if nothing were impost iblt which it it
our duty to do. Wbr there i a will there i
a wsy. The great Disposer of eveats seconds
the efforts of those who resolve to accomplish
aoble eade, and our duty is to
"Act, act in the living present, .
Heart within and God o'er head."
There is a class of men who, when any court
of conduct it proposed to them, see nothing but
difficulties in the wsy. Though blind before,
they instantly acquire a supernatural intensity
of vision. They ar surrounded with horrors.
In whatever direction they turn, awful phan
toms rise before them threatening destruction
lioas roar, tigers growl, jackal scream, thunders
bellow and lightning flash. Urge them to ad
vance, and the wall of fire before them burns to
th very heavens.
The story in the Arabian Nights of th Prin
ces Perizadeh and her two brother, furnishes a
beautiful illustration of the effects of fear upon
the accomplishmeat of great enterprises. When
Prince Bah man began to ascend th mountain
that he might get the speaking bird, the singing
tree, and the wonderful gold-colored water, 1m
mediately he heard voices around him calling
aar.aWhens U that foal ara1 What m
ht have? Do not let him pas." Others cried,
"top him! catch him! kill him!" Other la
tone cf thunder exclaimed, "Thief! assassia
murderer!" Other ridiculed him, and said.
"No, no, let the pretty fellow pass! the cage
and bird are kept for him!" The Prince wss
at last filled with terror, and turned to ran down
the hill, when he was Instantly changed ta a
black atone, Prince Pervix next undertook the
exploit, and met with th same fate. The Prin
cess followed them, determined to succeed or
perish. Before commencing th ascent, howev
er, she took the precaution to stuff her ears
with cotton, that the might not hear the aoundt
which had been ao fatal to others. The higher
she went, the greater the number of voice thit
attempted to iiitimwiat her; but the cotton pre
vented them from penetrating her ear In such
thundering tones. Every opprobrious epithet
was heaped npon her; but tho pressed on un
daunted, till at last she could perceive the bird In
its cage. The bird itself now joined ia the ef
forts to drive her back, and cried out in a voict
of thunder, "Go buck, fool!" The Princesi
rushed on laid her hand upon the cage, ox
claimed, "Bird, I have you!" and ths enterprise
wat achieved. W may see in this an illustra
tion of th history of every great undertaking,
Mont men listen to their fears, and are tu-ned to
An incident similar in some respects to thia
in the Arabian legend is related by Apuleius ia
the story of Cupid and Psyche. Psyche Is
ordered by Venus to bring her an ura of wa
ter from the black fountain. Whea aha nrrivet
near the top of tht mountain, and tee the ter
rible dragon, and heart the black waters them
selves warning her to retire, th it overwhelmed
with terror, imaieilitata iff ia Uaidem
mulala, turned to ttont by th very impossibility.
stoae to mere lifeleM masse. It la only those
who stop their ears, aud determine not to lists a
that lucceed. "Absttia from entering Worms,"
said SpalaUn't messenger to Luther, at h ap
proached th city. "Go toll your matr," said
th Intrepid man, "that though there should be
at many devils at Worms at there ar tilee on its
roof. I would enter It" This to the spirit mat
commands success. There are difficulties la the
way of accomplishing any thing great; but tha
brave man never atop to eouat bis foee. "The
lest fear, tho less danger" ia a very old adage
whose truth hat been proved by tha experience
of every age. Whea satiahed that a tning
ought to be done.
"Steel thy fearful thoughts,
Aad change misdoubt to reeolutioa."
Wa hav been led to make these remarks by
observing the disposition in the minds of some
to consider slavsry an isrs6' evil. They ac
knowledge the system to be a dreadful wrong
a wrong both to matter and slave one of the
greatest evils that has ever cursed the human
race; and yet they tay there is no remedy; we
must submit; th subject must not be discussed;
there isa wall of fire before them depended by
innumerable devils; voices art crying all around
them, "Stop, fool! rascal! murderer! go back!
die! perish!" It seems to us that such a course
It worse than that of those who contend that
slavery is a blessing. What! shall our enemy
stand with his foot upon our neck, and we make
no attempt to rise? Sh ill we, likt coward and
sluggards contend that it ia useless for ut to
make aay efforts? Wto that calls himself a
man should not be ashamed of tuch degraJa
tioa? The very ground ought to thrink from
permitting tuch cowardice lo lie upon it This
conduct seems tout not only dastardly, but
cruel. We sat only tamely submit u 'the evil
that is crushing as down; bat to avoid a little
exertion, wa throw it doubled In weight upon
the shoulders of fur children. Cowaids that
w are, we fear to kill the wolf that we "hold
by th tart," and wbtu it hat grown to be a
monster, and our own strength is exhaustsd,
wt givt it infuriated into the hands of our in
What should we have thought of our ances
tors - who delivered th mselvea from British
tyranny, if they had acted at wt propose to act?
What if they had folded their bands, and said
to one another, "Wa are oppressed by a great
evil, but it it irremediab.e. Let ut be quiet
We caa do nothing. It ia absurd to think of
resisting England. Let lis get oa as well as we
caa and leave things aa they are!" But they
were not the persons for such cowardly and
ignoble thoughts. Thsy vera mem. They adopt
ed the course which they considered right, re
solved that they would at least detrnt success.
And they bad infinitely greater difficulties to
contend against than wa hare. Ktntuckiant!
do not disgrace your well-earned fame! Do not
lit still "till your enemy haa bound you hand
and foot!" Spura from you tha cowardly
thought, that you cannot, do what you deter
mine to do! Never let it be said that a Kentucki
an is so mean ia soul as to bow dowa a degraded
bead to his enemy, and wkiue out ia piteous
tone, 'You are my master! spura me, kick me,
trample upon me, do what you please with me
I caa not resist!"
I aac ft aslt ace.
There is, evidently, all over the country, a
strings timidity ou all subjects likely to involve
party consequences. A mnasure, undoubtedly
good, ia itself, a principle unquestionably right
must be postponed, if there ay harm is to result
to political bodies, or pot ilicul associations. Th
effect ef this, is, to make our public men time
serving and slavish and our people timid and
Mr. Clay said ia his speech at Lexington:
Thu the war commenced, and tho President
after having produced it, appealed to Congress.
A bill was proposed to raise 50,000 volunteers,
and ia order to commit all who should vote for
it, a preamble whs inserted, falsely attributing
the commencement of the war to the act of
Mexico. I have no doubt cf the patriotic mo
tive of those who, after struggling to divest
the bill of that flagrant error, found themselves
constrained to vote for it But 1 must say that
no earthly consideration would have ever tempt
ed or provoked me to vote for a bill, with a pal
pable falsehood stamped on its face. Almost
idolizing truth, aa I do, I never, never, could
hav voted for that bill.
Suppose this declaration to be true, (by way
of illustration) what a sad picture doe it pre
sent of American Independence, and how truly
doe the example illustrate what we have said.
Not a Democrat, not a Whig, (with two excep
tions) opposed this falsehood! And why? Fear,
a mean and unmanly fear of the loss of party
influence, was the sole causa of it!
W have seen we think it was ia tha Ufa of
Hon. Henry Addington an anecdote of Burke,
of which w are reminded by our subject. It
was ia 1791, and just after his breach with Fox
that ha was urging upon some friemis the dan
ger from tho contagion of French principles.
"Never fear Mr. Burke," said Pitt; "depend oa
it we shall go on as we are till the day of judg
ment." "Very likely," replied Mr. Burke, "it
is th day of a judgment I am afraid of." Aad
that day, when a party fiat haa been issued, has
arrived for our country! How ls can wa ac
count forth facta stated? Hew else would
Statesmen dare stand up, and vote for a false
hood upon any groand?
People who land themselves, exclasively, to
party who go for their party first, and last
undesignedly, bat effectually, tempt their lead
er into a course of trickery and deceit, aad
invariably follow it themselves. Tbey must
leans to pronounce judgment. Theymustmake
statesmen feel that it will be pronounced truly
end fearlessly. If they will do this, we shall
hav independent legislators, and aa iadepea
dent constituency men at tha Capitol who
will do their duty, aud mea at home, who will
aaaia taea while tbey aa It
The three Dailiee of our city Courier, Demo
crat, and Journal have accomplished a won
derful feat, by their enterprise, in giving to the
Western public, the President's message the tec
ond dsy after it was delivered. Whenever
Journals manifest thit spirit, the public will
not fail to support thsm with a kindred spirit
Wa are sure they merit it. We issue, not
to be a week behind, the Message in tn Extra
from the Courier, whose proprietor, all admit,
has the tact and energy to get news, and give
events, far or near, as rapid y as any man
can. He has not his superior, ia this respect, any
We notice everywhere, over the South, action
of soms kind, on th subject of the religious In
struction of our colored people.
The Quarterly Review, edited by II. B. Bt-
couf L. L. D. and published by Joux Eaaxv for tho
Methodist E. Church, South, for July baa aa
article on the Religtoua Instruction of Negroes,
written by our old friend the Rev. Mr. Wixuht
man of South Carolina. It details what Metho
dist have done, and are doing, la that
State. The degradation of tho neglected
plantation negro ia faithfully depicted, the su
periority of Hons and Town servants fwely
admitted; and, also, the knmaniung influence
which instruction produces. '
But ia all the reports wa havt read, one fact
stares us la tha face the bold and open licsn
tloutnesa which prevails among tho colored peo
ple. In tha minutea of tho Doner Baptist At
sociatioa (which iacludes tha Churche of Rich
mond, Williamsburg, aad Jam city ia Lower
Virginia) detail i are given, and the Church
yoked to act apoa them. That body deelar.
"Tha greatest barrier to their saltation k
their exposure to the trangreesioa of tho.......
comraaadmsat Of three hand red aad sen.
teen exclusions from tht first African Churci
of Richmond, during the last six years. m t
j j i k ,l- j ...
f uavv wvu ivr uiis ouenco.
Talk of tha spread of religious know-.
where each iteeatiousaeas prevails! Mea sf
God! it la a vaia hope. Nothing to qttlki.
asps ail virtue as this vie. It cousnme
juaaly aad womanly hope, and leaves those (
practise it with a reckleaa aad scarred mem
nature. Caa fathers remember, will moth.-
love their offspring whea thus debased Cia.
or will they, lov their God while thus hep
lessly sunk in a brutalizing pollution? W
must strike a, tha root of thia evil, ele
churches and masters fall to meet the fearf
responsibility which rests apoa them.
The Dover Association) while, pointmi i
the fact, that churches educate aad send ,ut
missionaries to tho heathen, invokes ik.
church invokes rnli churches ta aa
toward tha improvement of the eoiorad nr.
1st. That Pious families should keep ap mora
ing and evening warship, and require their sa
vants to attend.
2nd. That public preaching should be i
adapted to them.
3d. That catechisms should be used ia (am.-
liee and the House of God.
4th. That the marriage tie should be eoW
We hope our friends ia Lower Virriaia ad)
consider tha necessity, ia thit connexion, of .
tuning the passage of law which shall legaiiz,
ths niarriago of slaves, aad bar masters fro,,
taparatiaf aawiUas. Tha I aWjj ..
lial to tho ckriMtianitimg ef our colored people.
And the Churchea ia Virgiaiaaad Keatscx
could accomplish these objects, if thy wr t
sot about it. Will the good aad pious nmi.i.i.
upon our suggestioa? Will they, ia the pir,i
of our common master, meet the responsibdiiy
which "Divine frovuleuce baa thrown aroaua
Our friend Jamea B. Brook, of WjluiIcirtuB
is at work ia the cause of Emancipation, if eh-
tible, more heartily thaa ever. The Extcuti
Committee of the Aati-Slavery Society of Dat
aware, under his sgency, have commenced i
semi-monthly paper. The first number rea.1,
ed us this week. It it full of the right mile
rial and the right spirit Dklawabe will be
Every strugfje in behalf of human hlertv
wakee up the warmest enthusiasm ia the Amen.
can bosom. It is not eaough that we po.
th booa all ought to have. We would g.v Ij
every people thir birth-right, and, whenever
they make an efbrt to gain it, they ar.- ur to
receive our heartiest sympathy.
Nsw York hau jest reepoaded to the l.lvnl
action of Pics Ni.itm. Hosacr Gseilt, that
eminent friend f human freedom, orTVfyJ the
address. It will be foaad ii another column.
together with part of the proceedings, mWh
are every way worthy the occasion ar.d !.r
Of the character of Pint, all accounts srr
He is an honest a an. He means honestly lo C
hi duty. A few anecdotes will illustrate kit
spirit anecdotes related by a leading Protectant
paper the JournU of Commerce. When elect
ed, his first effort was to make hi mar if acquaint
ed with tTie grevances of the people. For this
purpose he caused a letter-box to be put up on
the outside of the palace, ia which people ware
invited to deposit letters for him. The key, he
kept, and went himself for the letters. The night
of his election he wrote to his two brothers, ia
formiug them of his election, but r?questiut'
them not to come to Rome, aud not to expect
any office. There are other incidents of les
importance, but yet showing the character of
the man each as these: Immediately on hi ac
cession, be sold off a part of the carrizges, hor
ses, Ac, of the establishment, and so rducd
the expense and pomp of the office. He found
that the table of the palace was famished with
seven successive courses or dishes, and directed
the royal cooks thereafter to prepare only three,
ssthat was the number to which he had been ac
customed, A-c, Slc.
From all the facts which bave been published.
Pics Nixth is evidently tho man to give nation
ality to Italy, and secure for her a safe consti
tutional government and these questions ariie,
independent of all considerations relating to ths
Pope, or hi religion
What do the Reformers of Italy propose'
In what way do they design and desire to ac
complish their reforms?
The Marquis Ma$$imo D'Ateglio has publish
ed a pamphlet which answers these questions
plainly and freely. Nor is thia a slight matter
No man stands higher ia Italy, or Is belter k sown
in Europe, and his endorsement of the charartrr
of Pius, and the reforms proposed, will have great
weight with the intelligent every where. He
had the couragt to tell Gregory,' just before he
died, that the papal throne was tottering anJr
his feet, aad aow, one year from that date, be
announces, that Eutopo haa not a firmer basis
of powsr than that occupied by Pint. Italy ac
cording to his belief, is free from the craft of
Louis Phillippe, and the less fatal bayonets oi
The Marquis shows that the Reformers are
contending for the plainest rights, aad by tha
most honest means. They demand that every
interest shall be cared for, and every class edu
cated and protected. They make no onslaught
upon vested interests, nor do they arge any
change, except such as the necessity of the caes
calls for. What Italy may be hereafter, the
Marquis does not slut ta hat taki i
for granted, if they bfgia well, that all will and
well, he and the leading reformers, are most
anxious to put th people ia a coaditiou where,
ia time to come, they may be fully prepared t
obtain, and tnttain, every right accessary to a
free people. The first step, then, it one of ameli
oration. More ha fx Is cannot be done new
More the people at home are aot prepared for
more the governments without would not tolerate.
While contending for social and governmental
reform the remedy of civil abuses the correct
tioa of legal errors the spread of education
internal improvement, Slc., neither Leu is Phil
lippe, aor Austria, caa lift a hand; and free
from thit outward pressure, the popular forces
can move oa unitedly, aad safuly doing that
which must result eventually, ia the independ
ence of Italy as a nation.
The Reformer of I tal) substitute eatirely u
peals to reasoa for appeals to force. The Mar
quis dwells on the bloody terrors of the Freach
Revolulioa. Italy wants no such experience.
The reformers repel every thing which look
like violence. And to ensure a peace reform
they propoee a League or Confederation among
the Italian Slates aa th first step. Thia se
es red, th next step will be, to mak the
Italian part, wiser and happier thaa. tho Aus
trian. Whsa thi is done, aad aa it it done, it
will not only weaken tha Aastriaa power, bat
strengthen the Italian, aad reader it impossible
for Austria to do any harm. The Msrqais
urgea, therefore, a government among the
Italian Princes, aa wise and paternal, as to check
tli impatience of tht people, aad force them by
a spirit of kiadneea t ee-operate with thsir ru
lers. No republic it proposed. No attack apoa
Princely Power approved. Oa tha contrary,
that is to be sustained, until by "religion