Newspaper Page Text
. lb HJi AA A ' U-AV My w - I k.
-ruuvjs A. IttlHUII, IIULiU FAST TIIAltflVlS COfO.'
M JcflCfVO Pl., """i -
T K K
..... rrt AKNm.lN ADVANCE,
th MttMutt r Ken
UCtywm r.,t, iK.lr hl,
. ...,( and Dat
kiM W" cu ' '
tb tpWr CUrn
-ik JtM 1 mUy UM fc Vila-
b MUfi"a that tb tim haWom. TLt
.,.r b io mirt idrUndint between ua,
,. U remark, that reat dignity of
-..L aubject of tiu, and wry
,T(ar1arUl.dayfo-la-lM ..wnitL 1
: '.iLBa-ply"'"'""" day
' -.nr hea or pliant Suto will i frt.
.u rare a.r nnUinted ly the bieatb of
e aJmit it, and reapond let na wait pa
w,tlT until itf florioua light i ahed apon ua
it if they mxan tue time lor m ti
atr. it i " fmtnti
.j w'ma ia called by the bigheat and ho-
aiotiv which control the haraaa inind, to
irakea ad P hu trenf ,h ui 1 f4,r,h ,0
prr th T for f01 J"01
c,m There are a multitude of prrtiniinri
u k,ttld-a boat of frrmitM prejudioea to
b, rrmoeed, aad a healthy, high-toned, bravo,
Bora!, peblie aentioient produced, before we
..u .u- mi. It mar bo that neither matter
rtw u iu.
M tltf i prepared for a elate of freedom, and
m tv ask rMariaatiea ef in rnoJe ll avi
fa ail. we mart buty ouraelree in bring
nr alat tht deirable atate of thing for
arely bobc m o atoltified aa to aappoao it will
at intrJafed wilhoat effort. Tbeoo titinp be-icw-tb
work lying before na, let no man
fold ap hi arma and anauine the attitude of
ijwfUtor, for eery man ia ceeply and peroia
ati'Jy intfiMted, and must, by necewity, in
brat ii the very nature of things, accelerate
w itrd the movement.
-Kiit ikdS i f If, a a Church, we a
tam lit aotiUon amigned na, and make war
poi alivery, we shall lose the public favor
tad attrriy cripple our influence for good ia all
Hit iHftholJiDg districta." This may be true,
bat caly to a limited extent. Slaveholders are
in to every movement of tie kind from a
aeniiifioa that you are disposed to Itnpitga ap
a tiieir nghu, aad violently wrest from them
Uitt abid) the lmr see a res le liem raaerfy.
Sttufy litem that tlicy are ia error that yea
iiteid them ae wrong that yoa respect their
nfiu aad nill protect them and yoa may
Uifi Mfeiy reaaoa concerning the rights of olh
m. Aad aeons is more likely to bo infiaoaced
Is cMMiir ctnfuliy the rifLtt f an entire
commuiity that be who baa a high at precia
Uaofbiaeea. And while I woald not ro
CMnxead ecclesiasUcal action from a coavtc
Uoa sf its suitableness to the exigenciei of the
iiaxt,! noald not fear the reanlt of such ac
tios while are could point to the pare morula
aud D.otiTfi of the christian religion for oar jna
LiioiUoa Bat let the Church, na each, "rosea
tktCttpl:" While, as iodividaals, yea may
prouUy employ yourselves ia the vast fallow
itk ia such modea aa may, in your judgement,
bt best adapted to further the cease. The same
obpttioas are arged againat Individual exertion
that an urged against associated effort.
Ts aaaoaace myself an Eroaacipitiouist,
aad stert myself to carry out any schema of the
kiad, is U be dsooonced as na AUltiimUt to
iscirths Ul will of my slaveholding neighbors,
ftd be aa object of auspicion wherever I go. I
kwb there Uuth in this autement nnc that it
reqcirei a bravs man deliberately t look all
Ups in the fare and then nobly resolve to
disrrgud UieiB and do bis duty. Still the peril
aet such as your timidity makes it arm
yoinelves with truth, and if denounced aa an
iWuisauf, rare use it, but satisfy the pub
It by yo.r conduct that you corrupt n man's
mint-that yoa maintain "tie rTa,, in its
oU length and breJU-that you plead for
tbs wlfr Md happiness of both marter and
" Convince them that you are aucb aa abo
a. , W.Bt.n, Franca, Jtfferto
d Ui.n of sacred memory, and the terrible
"T U1 ao. b, h.shod, or .ink to broken, i
net murmurs. Ad what if you clo Incur
" hau of soma few slaveholders T year Master
Hi" !' ntdt" Kkm '"'" The Urt
P'7 bich a PMfk j Ru u
WMkw Waiagton City, i. too full of
to be omitted In thia connection:-
"iiut 0B ,b idw-wIk la-con-.he.
. Ure. 4n s
ZV "De lU ,Uel. at
rV rem.rkel-What will
Wtigi Ministers, now i. th. city, think of
J they thalV. Um m M
,f 7 a-r OoJ AU
' The love of approbation,
W ,l"Bt'.ould never lead u. to com-
tharvTJ PrUnl Pr'Cpl"-forego the o,a-
pieasaut cut or waive a right
man, ru an bate makes
ereaureof a U. !,....... .
nf .Urnity! InUin.ically his good
Z eaT.-" U WOrtU BOlhiDC
ot ehang. your relational. nociety-Jl-
U Gsi Prtle of yoar reapeaaibillty
if iafl ' 1 " yM ' p,"Prt to teareB-bnt
thsUaT P"i"U "P"
tU ,s!l refu" U d d'y. foregoing
.pponauiu which beav.. furnUhe. yo.
SiT4 Utb T. l.-rv.yo.r
y0Br,e,c "4 whiU fc
a JT! y0' M !' heart doe.
Price jJT f0fU bM """ hih
o. ' lJ nig cmteUmet, or se-
w Br."'.i."d kowc,, ,n,ii u
cbjievj ta mor" UrTiU lb cob
e utK!"llJ5rTli'Pr8"t witnee.
fUea f,r :hV" Upload lath.
theaZf I?? Ur"W'y i,,m,,l
'1. Jim 11.1848.
v Grt miaerv tt .u .
thronvk .k-T" f " " aatarolt
PUUa. f habit and ima
rna " r wre lis naiehtT fore. .11
n walh Age.
Human life is a series of developemuita,
llil f stnr-h rn,
KW pcuuu ouiiie netr ihjwui'. i.
unioldul; new experiences are liltewisa
deJ; by which means uot onlv are old nr.
judices frequently corrected, but the cmr
oi our lormer conduct exposed, con&ran-xL
and punished. During die earlier eochi of
wur existence, we are unrwUed diui in-
stincu with 3uch impetuosity its nemita
suiall.opfortuniiy reflectiona time,
nowewsr, ai lengUv rnvea when tie raan
coiuei to .a pause, and reverts his' contem
plation on ke path which he has so far Ira
versjd. UcrW ich, inthe haste of the
transit, hw bceri ' -4 and.ne.rlectiid:
1i2iiU2iu:h injort-i i fc; JJicnr many
.fcvs nave bctjk Kmu.L Itov manv
wrongs inflicted and stbTv.cpeu
lows the usual xclamatioB 'If l r ttiijo
we to come over again, how d' '. -i-z ft'
would 1 have acted! Cut ah! it is xj 1V
now: And so tne man coiurfit'ticea ail:i,
his swift career, hui n Lnjr afresh' otlwud. "a au
sun onward, pursued br reiuorso and ftr
tinut ne reaches Uie goal the grave.
: . .
M0i(&tin? itTPm locU. ew) ara 'BOtoeliiZCS
touipted to believe, that if ltajebmdaoce- of
age iould be added to the unpuisu ol youiii.
a great advantage might be gajmsd . for the
individual, liut a dilTicultv exists airaiiihi
enaine them in one and the same Beraon.
.... . ' ' o
Happy, however, is the man wlio benefus
y the dear-boueht exneticiice of his elde: k
who, duly influenced by the example of
tno.e who are not only agd, but-also toyd
and vie?., has learned, without suflaiicJ.
what to avoid, and what to pursue. Tue
ouiisel ol a sate mentor in a paront, eiard
father, or great-uncle, cannot fail of tMina
advantageous in many' important nspecs:
but on the oilier hand, there are manycoun.
terbalancing disadvantai'es: the voune are
enierprising llie old prefer safety to victo-
peace to anxiety. In advisin? voutb.
old persons accordingly regard rather the
dangers to be escaped than the object to le
attained. 1 his, in the way of caunort, may,
must be well; but if it amounts to coercion.
even in the slightest degree, it cannot fail x
have evil consequences. If, instead ofper-
uadinir, or cuidins the ludement, it should
substitute a control upon the volition of the
young, it will fatally preclude nclion, Mov
ing it t its very source. We have not.
in such a case, combination, but mere lis-
Iacement: youne iaipule is slioiredier pit
a.side, and antique piudence takes ex:!u&ive
Tlte caution of are sliould be usxl for tlte
regulation, not for the annihilation, of the
impulsive instincts of the ardent an! juve-
Ie. Another danger, too, arises. An
tique prudence may be olmltle pruilenc ;
circumstances may have so changed, as u
make it the reverse of prudence at all. The
world of commerce affords abundant instan
ces of this, particularly in firms cf lorg
standing. A young man of good aiulilies.
lull of visor, becomes, for instance. It
rht of birth, a iunior nartner in an old-ei.
tabiished business, and deems his Jortuiie
made, liul in a fe ff Tears 3A fvinrrn n
the surprise of all, woks ari'J1ushen. Ulie
surprise is the greater, because, in ihe world's
estimation, the house was always consider
ed perfectly safe. It meddled not with mo I
ern speculations, it relied on an exceeding-
I. .ii i-i l
y oiu cuunecuon, ii u.u no ousiness mat it
was not sure of yet it failed. In fatt.
though it risked no losses, it achieved to
gains; and thus in the end suflered moe
than it would have done from bad debts or
mistaken speculations. Meauwhile let ns
imagine, cr rather simply state for we re
cord factsthe position of the junior in the
him. V bat was it: Anything more dis
tressing could scarcely be conceived. Frotu
the first he was powerless. He found jji
established method a system of routine to
which he was compelled to adhere. Of m
enlightened understanding, and an enterpris-
ng spirit, he at hm attempted innovation,
and aimed at those sources of profit of whi:h
more youthful firms availed themselves; but
was met so uniformly by the fixed habits
and rooted prejudices of thetilder partners,
that at length he succumbed to necessity,
nd fell himself for the sake of peace, into
die customary channels. Had he commen
ced business on bis own account thrown
himself entirely on his own energies and io-
source, and been at once inspired by hope.
and controlled by prudence, he would in
all probability have achieved brilliant suc
Youth is proverbially rash, but the ag:d
may show an equally dangerous rashness in
holding doggedly p old and worn-out no
tions. Accustomed to venerate what has
existed for generations without challenge,
the older class of persons are prone to op
pose the slightest attempt at modification,
and they suffer accordingly. Many a war
ning, in the course of events, is received, et
age is obstinate and persists in the old coumc;
not because it is right, but because it is old.
Tbo association of ideas, sympathy, deter
mination of character, a sense of pride,
while it recognises the peril, and other like
motives, induce age to disregard the sync p.
toms, and inspire it with courage to endure
maityrdoin, rather than incur the shame ol
submission to change. Thus the invet;r-
ate controversialist will not confess a proven
truth though convinced; falsely apprehend
ing as a defeat what, if candidly acknowl
edged, would bo really a triumph,' he wins
roftTTJus conquest and wears a counterfeit
laurel. Can we take up a newspaper with
out beine made conscious of the hideous
train of disasters which have ensued in va
rious European countries from a rash and
unphilosophic persistency in what ought to
have been long since modified and accom
modated to tlio spirit of the ace? The en
ergies of France, outgrowing the routine of
old dynasties, require a new electoral sys
term being refused, the nation indignantly
dissolves the partnership between her tnd
the Bovereicn. buch are the evils wh en
flow from the substitution of the merely reg
ulative for the dynamic forces themselves.
The last illustration presents the topic
under a graver aspect than it was our int;n-
uon to have consiccred. i hus drawn, now.
ever, to the subiecl. we cannot refrain from
emarking how often we hear that said with
prida regarding insUtuUons and systems.
which, rightly regttrded, should be otherwise
spoken of. 'Thus long" has stood this hys-
tem without one iota of changehere, lis
we stood centuries aeo. do we yet stand;
what was thought and professed then, is mill
thought and professed. Chance has o'ten
been called for. but never erantetL. so ihal
here, at hast, we liavo one monument of the
pasi that b jsnpever bent to the inconstant
wind of .human caprice. . If such a thing
reaiiy exist in ma woild whioh.is gravely
to be doubujd assuredly ttja is a question
able boabt The mindi oft masses of men
beuijr liable to a contimval, though it may
uo niow anq imperceptible tibange, tt ts im
possible for any institution to eo on un
thnngingly, without falling ' out of relation
with the world." Its vital is changed for a
uojiinal existence; and so far from deriving
,....., ...l r . . . .
ui.-iigi.u mim us anuquuy, it derives weak
ness and nger.- Institutions of litis kind
rniiy be lLered, up I) the last day of their
existence,! '.nth the exleraal homage which
thjy haveVften accustomed to receive, and
ero four-anJitwenty hours pass, they may be
irtmpieu ou as noxious weods. or ouietlv
cou&igned to universal forgerulncas. Such
catastrophes are clearly traceable to the er
ror of setting up persistency as the law of
uw world, tho real law bwnjr chanea. Alan
cdfUuiually changes and everything that
rtirj wish io live with bun must consent to
:9. too; every thinp must, partake of his
c"rr-i 'fenescence, or. take the conae-
it is uie iiii-fas'r.wexitljicy ol youth to
UHW.I.UU uiu iuuiu vi ua nciuat experience.
It presumes, assumes, idealises, colors from
its own rich heart the outlines and forma of
things, and anticipate! results with a pro
priety power that sometime induces their
realization, but more frequently clodies the
distant prospect with tliose enchanunenU
wv,ica Hope pictures as belonging to the
luture. Youth is the teasonof aereal castle
building of counties projects of lound
les aspirations of infinite possibilities.
Uut a period of limitation at lenirth arrives:
of aims more aud more positive, objects more
definitii, an arena more contracted, and la
bors 'more special. The roan has become
the cJaaiiuan-the co:mopblite, or the na-
triot th genetal lover, or an attached bus
band and father the jicquaiutance of all or
the friend of a few the . wanderer of the
clubs, or tho domestic man. whom nothing
can tempt from his chimney-corner on a
a.f....L L. I
"unci anciijij, milieu nits ueen gainea,
but evidently much has been lost. while
the difficulty of blending in one individuality
die advantage of both conditions is freelv
acknowledged to be great, we are far from
holding it to be insuperable. There is miich
needless waste of w ealth, much extravagance
of anticipation, much borrowing on the cred
it of die future, much excess of all kinds.
ou which it would be well that youth should
be liraeously admonished. With all the reg
ulations of experience, however, it is of
equal importance, individually, and for so
cial well-beinir., that the middle-aged and old
Jiould cultivate as far as jwssible youthful
leeimgs. uet not 'the glory and the freth
ness of the dream' of youth depart wtth the
dream itself, some glimpses of ihc vision may
surely urvive its memory. Once more,'
exclaims Byron, 'who would not be a boy?'
To 'cany the feelings of childhood into the
powers of manhood is,' says Coleridge, 'the
prerogative 01 genius. And what a prerog
ative It is! Vet it is not one so exclusively
that all uKhiuiiy cot shaiv in it. cii in
bisdi'grtc VV would warn, therefore, the
Bail )f middle lige from becoming the vic
tim, of fiiod fc chits and acquired routine, to
tho exclusion of new impulses, and the
pleasure that constantly attends them. Lve
ry day is a new day, every hour a new hour,
the world is always becoming new, and cre
ation is renewed every moment, so that na
ture is still in travail with fresh generations.
Nothing, if we rightly consider it, is really
old not even age itself. To insist on guid
ing ourselves by the prejudices of yesterday,
is merely to resist the progress of growth.
Judgment, in its maturity, has no thine to
dread from concession to increased knowl
edge. Its tendency is to deliberate to move
slowly to stand still; and it indeed needs
the agitation of new ideas, interests, and
opinions, to preserve it in a healthy state of
le and action. An old man of our ac
quaintance, who as solicitously sought the
instruction of new impressions, as others are
anxious to reject them, declaied to us that,
as his understanding tcame riore and more
Uumtnated, he fell as if he was' growing
younger every day: it was, moreover, evi
dent to all that his intellect, owing to the
Ireedom with which ho had permitted it still
to opcrUe, was constantly to the last receiv
ing fresh development and expansion. Hap
py the man thua ualted to an aged body, who
yet owns a young mind! ills are at once
the security of discretion and the rapture of
imagination this sobered in its tone, and
that vivified and both co-existing in beau
ty, like light and shade in the picture of a
great master. Chambers' Edinburgh Jour
nal. ' C'baaiaa la the Uw f Kvlelewee.
One of the most important innocations
of the new'Code of Procediue, and which it
desirable thai everybody should under.
stand, is that embraced in the section, 'No
poractn oUcred as a witness "ball be exclud
ed by reason of hi interest lu the rvont r
On the first day of July next, the provi-
sion takes effect as well in relation to suits
hereafter commenced as thosu now pending.
AH discussions on the point of interest is
precluded, the witneKs admitted, and his
credibility left to th -
e congratulate the lawyer upon the
vast amount of intricate learning and subtile
distinction contained in cases numberless,
that this change in the law of evidence con
signs to the general limbo of things whereof
the world has grown weary.
England, with nil her conservation of her
Bar and her Legislature, adopted this inno
cation five years ago. It will become the
parties of law-suite to consider how their
result may bo affected by the change.
... - Uoai.uem.
' i "I. .,
dial Kakfctrr Itstllraaeel Tracks.
India rubber, w'uli a mixture of metallic
substance, has recently been brought into
Ruecessful use on railroads, by ling placed
under the bearings of the rails upon the
chairs and sleepers. It is a relief to all the
fin5T parts of the machinery ot the locomo
tive, and lessens Lie friction of . the cars.
Several miles of tho Stoningtor road, where
it approaches the new terminus at Provi
Aenca. have been laid in this way. The
Iativ Island railroad company axe also lay
, .... .
tnc several milea. N. F. Jnrnal of Com,
Hope a like a 14 clock', .forever striking
tho boojr f happloont, whether U ha come or
not I .i . i -A - . '
Tl Si nau. a .V.'
.v.i 7l . V'' - -
av w many nronins. nave passed , V
uuoiki i.vir. liiun s ingfciitoiia ni,i" - 7.'
L I ' 1. fi - . . H
trie telegraphby means LwliiiVq;..ii
icprrseiiung muersoi me aipbajjct. ? c
ed on paper by electricity; andwe .iivtod
tliat roeana would soon : be lbunl tl urn
01 wiitiui bom die copvme telet.ih ir.r.f.
ed by Air. F. C, Bakewell; whwein wonis
tracwl from the original wers hzlbh comtkl
on paper by an instrument Uat had no coo
nexioa with the one to which tbean-wjitted
message was applied, excepting hf tlje us
ual wires from the voltaic batteir. 1 Th
Ietteni traced on the paper a if a pale
color, on a dark ground forme( j i 'ciimer
ous liaes drawn close togethert Hia com,
municationathus traced, we urW 'sijmay
be transmitted at the rate of tl htuilred
letters of the alphabet per niil Aflf ordi-;
nary writing; and were sliort la A symbols
employed, the rapidity of traVist i:.ioa Wauld
be quadrupled.. When this ii".' sVSfM
fispoflWepcB ht h opVlaTr6uVtTi JSlidlif iti pi
ping a letter in the poetoffice box and
waiting days for an answer, vie may apply
directly to the copying teleerph. have it
wicu ui uio uisiani town in minute or
less, and receive a reply in cwxrtrreartond.
ent's handwriting almost as soos as the ink
is dry with which it is penned. I , There are
various means, too, for preserving the se
crecy of correspondence: the most cuxinun
ol wtuch is, that the writing may be render
ed nearly invisible in all pans but tho di
rection, until its delivery to the person for
whom it is designed. The operations of
me copying teierapn are not limited to the
tracing Of written characters. Letter press
priming may oe copied with ven greater
rapidity than writing, and fuc-sjuile conies
of the morning papers may thus be tians-
muiea to utverpooi and Manchester long
Deiure uie papers themselves are delivered
to their readera at London. Tie moans by
which these astonishing effects are produced
we are not at present permitted to state, as
tne invenuon ts not yet pro toe fed: but we
are assured that the mediod is simple, and
mat uie mechanism is neither mostly nor
likely to get -out of order. It isJiudeed. one
of the peculiar features of the cipying tele
graph that it cannot commit err)rs, because
the communications it transmits are fac
similes ol Uie original -wnuta. London.
A rica lew lax- .tlok.
Tlie 'Essex Herald' publisles the fol
lowing letter from the Rtv. G. Wilkins to
a fanner, who wrote to him inluirinjr how
the wireworm had been exterDiinated in the
reverend geudenian's land. y 1 1 contains
much sound, though we darewi unpalata
ble doctrine to the owners of siooth lawns
and trim-bedded gardens: 'Soiie ten years
since, when I came to my livirjg, and com
menced cultivating me little laid 1 hold, it
was, 1 may say, full of wirewosns. Noth
ing could have been worse, for my crops
were in some places ruined hjr 4im eeuir.
ly. What, then, did I do? I adopted a
plan which I recommended and published
in periodicals many years siice namely,
encouraging moles and pariidges on my
lands. Instead of peimittiri a mole to be
caught, 1 bouptit all 1 couU. and turned
them down alive; and soonmy fields one
after another, were full of tmte-hills, to the
amusement of all my neighbors, who at first
set me down for half a luiatic; but now
?eral adopt my plan, ani are strenuous
advocates of it. My fields hcarne exactly
Iike a honeycomb; and thi&continued even
among my standing and growing and ripen
ing crops; not a mole was Inolested, but I
still bought more. This summer I had four
teen brought, which 1 tuned down; but
they were not wanted: I lave nothing for
them to eat all that moles live unon is de
stroyed and so, poor thhgs, they must
starve or emigrate to some !tant lands, and
thus get bow8tnnged by saVige men, whom
they aim to serve. Adopt ajy plan, and it
will be sure to answer. If you have a nest
of partridges, also encourlge them; all the
summer they live on insect, on wireworms,
rxc., and consider how many millions a
covey will destroy in a sugle summer.
Again, always remember at moles feed
upon Insects, and of whid, the wireworm
is the chief; if you doubt bis, open a mole
and peep into his stomach. Again, do not
fear that moles injure youj crops, either in
a field or in a garden; it i a low and vul
gar error to suppose that tfiey roc t up young
corn; they never go arywhere until the
wireworms have first destroyed the plants,
and then, innocent thin, they are punish
ed for others' faults! If you do not like to
aee their hills, knock them about with a
hoe, as I did; it is a healthful amusement,
and they will do your fe good. Do not
despise my plan becatuMhe farmers will
not adopt it in your neighborhood; farmers
adopt jiothing till driven to it, and nothing
that is new and good. -
Irala sr tbe Erie
The receipts at tiueaWwVr from the open,
ng of canal navigatiorVw the 8th . instant,
for the' present and last Mason were as fol
1st week Jane. !
Total to 8th June.
1 Ml? ' 17 117 kki 1
lUiS 69,752 "
Decrease, 109,603 Dec
Showing a decrease n the week of 100,-
665 bbls and on the wisou thus far 344,-
152 bbls, or nearly p per cent, on the
receipts of 18-17. , I
The receipts of grain at tide water from
the opening of navigation to the 8th instant,
for the present and last season were as kl-
lows: : .. ..
1847 . 569.19H
Dec. f 249,713 " ' 1 ,016,24a ' ' 93,598
The decrease on all has been great, cs-
pecially on com. Aany Argv. s
statist lea ef Uallvrar Paasragers la Ureal
. -: ' ' Ursula. 7
. From a return mad,' it appears that in
the year endmsr the 3ftrt June last, 51,15 Z,
163 persons travelled'by railway, of whom
6,572,714 were first flass passengers, 13,-
byyJoa wete second class passengers; i ,
865,310 wete third class passengers; 6,935,
493 Parliamentary fclasi and 3,229,3.57
mixed class. The tdtal receipts by railway
companies ia the year were JLi,otu,ooo,
nilttiriz n.lonir ilia tnlApriinh A
lesolwiutca communications. y.'ioit T
o o or" " wiL -wrioiv i ; J,
Uien deemed probable has .no ?n thuJiot Xt r x ;
zd. :Ve have seen thia uL i'ttw.':- ' i". '-k
17 - r-
;?' - ",: TrVe"-evai. JourbaLi
. r t A Use Kle.v.u r Im -r.
reccri book of Jurhm Hall nhfW
; Wt--fTs! coxMEvet" ad jiavi-
. , Stated that "LAtriarilU k MM
V' vnti bosines."- - Soch is reaUy
the fit v- no aXisinem omtnimunn-
ccnynerce no mercantiM
of place where mer
v;' we have re-
r LArary for which
rpasne effort, and
r .a Awcars 00 its
J vt'idm& dre shelved
'V individjaal. Our
' ' " h;4er the
funi3i .(rr,v .jVv
which tare! "t
own basis, v -sr ,
on speclation f ? -city
or doinea. "and ti:
mayor or council, w.' ..
lectors to advise) w '
rec k on our present popu -
or the number of reapec' '
ected last yewitbiia 2," . '
There is not a series .of au
pike currents to which It'i&sJ
f? Vceas, if, ind
w Senate tH. .
tains View 'sfrrfiufTr i" rVTn.r f 1 rrmni
q wiuevut J m
icm or concert, ana necessarily imperfect,
and these even are rarely set before the pub
lic eye. Cincinnati has had for years the
most smiiui trumpeters and gazetteers; her
men of influence and wealth taavn eontrihu.
ted largely of money and, time, (more im
portant than money) not only to make that
cuy auracuve Dut to show off those attrac
tions. Does anything agitate the public
mind, whether relieious. political or finan.
cial whether it reiatus to the commerce 0
the lakes, famine in Ireland, or an vmorv
ornospuai on tne western rivers, Cincinnati
L. .. I - . '
ts the nrst to write, and the .first to speak:
jhe raises one committee to gather and anoth-
1 1- 1 f . ...
w to puonsn every iset and argument which
will make the excitement enure fo her hn.
efit. AU this is unobjectionable. Cincin
nati has great attraction perhaps mare arti
ficial than natural) and there is no renin
why these should not be known; the gospel
itself requires publication; but in tiis dem
ocratic country are we to allow tho Queen
city to take a higher position than that to
which she is entitled by her skill, rtrength,
and capacity; is it not high time to adver
tise the cb.tapnesa and goodness of 00 r wares?
11 she sent a special agent to Germanr with
the cards of her lot-holders and a ma p of this
country, represented as a narrow strip with
New York at one terminus and Cincinnati
at the other, can we not extend the survey
to Louisville, and add the name of this city
to the catalogue publislied in Europe.
Other cities and our rivals for western trade
taunt us with the Jow prices of our real es
tate and the low rates at which our stores
and dwelling houses rent; and the fact that
these have not increased is given as proof
poitive that our trade remains stationary.
and that our city offers no inducements to
foreign emigrants or to eastern mechanics.
manulacturers, and factors. Yet. although
rents and lots have actually depreciated and
are not as high by 33 per cent, as they were
fifteen years ago, in that time we have near-
y or quite trebled our population within
that time no important city besides Saint
Louis shows a larger ratio of increase. How
is the paradox to be explained? What has
given us this impulse? certainly no artificial
When we have spoken of the position of
Louisville as near the centre of our vast val-
f y st the only obstruction in a continuous
ine of 2,000 miles of inland navigation.
and where the artificial must cross and meet
the natural lines of commerce and travel.
we seem to have said our say, but there
are, in the construction and progress of our
city, other points which are in the aggregate
of immense importance. Let ua examine
three of these:
1. An ample site and therefore chean
2. Abundant, and therefore cheap build
ing materials; both resulting in cheap
3. A fertile suburban district, and there
fore a cheap market.
1 hese forces hare been in constant op
eration and the result shows in a remark
able manner the superiority of natural over
Ine natural site of our city is elliptical.
the transverse axis being from the upper
mills to Fontaine's Ferry, making an area
of about twenty square miles above the reach
of the highest floods; a surface nearly equal
to that covered by London, and its suburbs;
it is on the convex side of a river front of
about Beven miles, which gives about two
and a half miles of convenient wharfage.
W hat western city can compare with ours
in these respects?
Capital invested in lots and buildings is
fixed and not productive when fairly defin
ed; to be sure they are part of the necessary
instruments for changing cotton into cloth
and the ore into nails, and so are the loom
and the hammer; but these are instruments
nf which, if I may so express myself, the
quantity ana quality are proaucirvc; a w
tain amount and description is wanted, and
on the cost of this depends the ability of the
possessor to create more or less wealth,
compared with his capital, out of the ele
ments or by the transformation of matter.'
Our cheap lots, then, should be a matter
of congratulation to us; the low prices clear
ly showing that we have them in abundance;
that we have no need to encroach on arms
of sea as at Boston and New York, or to
raze hills in the rear as at Pittsburgh and
Cincinnati, and that we have not to make
embankments and to reclaim swamps as at
New Orleans. " '
Rents depend on the cost of what is rent
ed. Occasionally, and when the supply of
buildings is not equal to the demand, the
rates advance, and the contrary; the equilib
rium is soon restored. Oar low rents may
clearly indicate (what the fact really is) that
we have not only "amide scope and verge"
to build upon, but building materials of the
best character and in Un: greatest abundance.
Stone for the walla and lime is all around
us; the cellar furni&hes clay for brick and
sand for mortar; heavy lumber is clone at
hand, and the finer qualities are borne to us
on a descending stream, and its price but
slightly affected by the distance it floats; on
its voyage it requires no insurance; it is in
jured by no collision; it is guided by little
So of our markets; the low price of our
fruits, vegetables, hay, &c. indicate not that
there is a deficiency of consumers, but that
there Is a cheap production, Tha area Of
-1 i :i Li. . . , m
the market-roduc ing circle around our city
(.ay ten mam diameter,) m ot greater fertil
ity than' that around any oilier i in nor tan t citv
in the Union. Th segment on this side of
mo river cu scarcely an acre rt susceptible
of tho highest cuitiration?: thi ia the reason
why our aabarbaa land altd their rmxliirw
, The bulk of the population of every eky.
perhapa two out of three, are small manu
facturer or artisans of some description or
other, aad those dependent on the arof Uie
sewers together of clothing, the makers of
toys, confectionary, and jewelry, the com.
pounoeni 01 materials oned in medicine and
the arts, the furnisher of tha tniU
lor. aad the kitchen, the fabricators of iron.
wood, and atone into forms required by the
wes or fancies of man. Think of the
amouat of our:-yearly purchases of Boston
bonnets. New York carex. and Philarl1nK;
shoes, and of the thousand, the innunaerah;
I articlffll thai mr ;! f, .1
'nek up ia the laoetv aUeyiv and, cellars of
asa arsai TlBSJl esiasa a a . v U as71 1 I
, xj viueaj axucies w'ucfe were- made for
'teen demand for the very market of
wis city is U. natural, and ought to
ii'' - 1
wumauon we .are 10 looi. wr
these hand-workers are to cover our vacant
lota and .consume the products of our sur-
rounoing sgricuiturista; lhy come in si
Jently.and go to work unnoticed, the grocer
at the corner, uW baker, and the brewer
build higher bouses .and are men of more
noise and note, and we forget that for every
one 01 uw latter tacre must be one hundred
of the former. This population is and for
ever maybe atrxacifd to us by our cheap
lots, our cheap 4tns, and our chep food;
wa u so, let us advertise widely bow cheap
these are . . . ,
It will not harm the argument to anolv
to the facts the simplest rules of arithmetic.
By the report of our State Auditor, the val.
ue of our eity loth (improvements presumed I
to be included) in 1847 was $10,800,000.
1 tus valuation is probably not over half th
value of the same quantity of property in
any city in the Union, which, like tW
doubles its populuion every ten years, and
prooaoiy not one. fourth or fifth of the same
quantity of property in either of the great
cistern cities. 1 he rents generally corres
pond. To be within the mark, let us nut
the difference at only one-third The real
value that is, the uses to which these lots
and buildings are applied may be, and in
deed is, precisely the sume. The holder
here, and competitor for the general and
common trade of the holders of lots else
where, has of course the advantaee of this
difference, whatever it is, in the increase of
his profits and wealth. Our forty thousand
people, then, have an advantage in fixed
capital of 3,600,000 over forty thousand
people, our competitors, in other cities.
Add to this the average difference in the
price of food for forty thousand people here
and in other rival cities, and it is safe to put
the amount at half a million of dollars per
annum a sum sufficient to establLth and
support four large cotton mills, or six large
roiling mills, or enough working capital for
talMuJtaianirjdartit ufcrjt to
build seven hundred respcctaWTisiibi
and houses. And this is a protection given
by the laws of nature and irrepealable, an
annual accretion, an increase yearly com
pounding. Let us be thankful, then, that
we have not lots which are assessed at twen
ty-five dollars a square foot, as at Doston
that we have no stores that rent for three
thousand dollars per annum, as in most
cities in the Union. S.
A niat ta Vmi Slew.
Every young man in this metropolis, if
he will only attend to his business, whatev
er it is. and keep out of scrapes, is a risin?
man, and has all the prizes and honors of
me nauon neiore mm, 11 not lor ntmsell or
his childien, at least for his children's chil
dren. There is no reason to complain when
this is the case. We have no exclusions of
race. Take any dozen men in good cir
cumstances, either at the east or the west end
of London; take them in a club in Pall
Mail, or in the Exchange, and inquire into
their origin. One is an Irishman, another a
Scotchman, another is a Welshman. Ter
haps half of them can sho w a Celt in bis
pedigree. The same number can produce
an ancestor driven to this country by the
revocation of the Edict of Nantes, or a for
eigner of still more recent date. So much
for race. As for condition, the great grand
father of one was a laborer of another a
gentleman's butler; of another a weaver; of
another a journeyman blacksmith; of anoth
er a hairdresser, and so forth. So far from
the trade and commerce of London being
at all a monopoly, it is notorious that near
ly all the tradesmen of London, or their im
mediate ancestors, came frcm the country.
In the manufacturing districts, these exam
ples of successful industry are still more nu
merous. Manchester, for example, is made
out of nothing. Now this state of things
suits the British taste very much better than
w- aokmt for making" and keeping all
men equal. The fact is, thai wo Ouia t;w.
equality. Saxons are a spreading, a stir
ring, an ambitious, and a conquering race.
We prefer hope to enjoyment, and would
rather look forward to be something better,
than to be always the sarha. Englishmen
of any thought have just the same feeling
about their posterity. They hope to rise in
tAer of spring. They also know that they
will do so, if they are steady and industri
ous, and train up their children as they
ought to do. Every working man with two
ideas in his head knows very well that it is
his Own fault if be does not thrive, live in a
comfortable house, rented at more than JLMO
a-yenr,' have a little money safely invested
and before many years, find himself and his
family safe at least from th3 workhouse.
Jane Eyre, says an English paper, is from
the pen of a clergyman's daughter in the
north of England. Another new work by
the same author ia annouiKed.
VVsahinrton Irvin has nearly completed.
says the home Journal, his Life of Ma
homet. ' v
' -. 1 . .
. A Bweei TesaaestM CUvU ,
Yoe ahoaU sever Ul the voang men kiss
yoa,' said a venerable ancle to aia pretty aelca.
I kaow It, aacla, retarned ahs prtiacaQ v, nd
1 try to ealUvstd a spirit of forgiveneaa, seeing
that whea one has beea kissad, tjseee Is an ttodo-
Chxrarter is a perfecl educated Will.
VIIOLE NiramER S.i.
n e -laara r flee.
One of those products of ingenuity and
perseverance which astonish ordinary per
eons, wa exibited at our office two days ao
by Mt. John Monro, of Taisley. This fn-'
dividual, who was appnuticed to his uncle
as a iailor, had a taste for drawing, and a
he grew up he could find no better vent for
hia aitiuic "darninz" slull than in .W
arid executing a most elaborate anj
beautiful counterpane in cloth. Th-r l,r-
been employed io.tha malms of thL eoun.
Uipane 3,570 . p f cloth, of various
colors; and nutcfllv are there in it mri...
ooaibinatioa and soulnute ef patchwork.
out puruajis M taeauicsi Loc ana hero
ine painted and beduenrJ in iUir
fioery-i views of soil pn wev.a t ,h.
rigging of which is exec d in silk- aw t
variety of animals. the newel and
limited means which the humble a Lisa Bl
at his command to prodac Lis eflecti, bet
ha$ succeeded in giving to Lis eloih-paii.t-ings
a vigor, brilliancy, and beauty, which
are really remarkabld. Mr. Monro dan.
ted to this specimen of Liabilities all kL
spare lours for eleven years and four months.
For several month. buck ike currfttt ts-:
Ornate, of the United S:a-,L Crop.W "
for 1 SIS, have varied from 2,200jo0 ba le . ; " - "
agrunst 1, 4 Ty.Gol bales for last season tf-e : - ?
amount declared by Uie New York Ship- ' .
ping Li.it, the usual authority in such mat
ters. It seems probable now that the high
est calculation will prove the nearest .cor
rect. The quantity received at this port
alone, for the nine months ending on the
1st insL, 1. 11 1,979 hales against 740.669
for all last year, and by the 1st Sememrvr
the amount can fall but little short of li?0o. -
000 hales. . The receiou at all the Unite.!
States ports, up to the 31st ult.. faixoruW
to our Price Current) were 2.112.A1U bales
and the coming three months (should the
receipts lear the same proportion to the
corresponding period last year) can hardily
fail to swell this amount to the figures above
mentioned, viz: 2,250,000 bales.
Htranatrrtra mmm rrmaa.
The trains sa the Erie Railroad Draught Jow a
oa Fridsy last HJ.IHai baskets of .-itrawberrie-.
aad 40.61..S quarts of milk. The strawberry
mnnrnl, allowing two aad a half bankets to
the quart, one thouMiad tabel! aad weighed,
iaclutlio? the baskets and boiee, more thaa
tons. .V. I'. Exprtt 'otk.
They are iaJerd hapy who owe aot their dij
aitiea to wealth, uor their rrpuUttoa to digni
taries. A proposition kae been made ia New York lo
coavey the Cretoa water aader East river, sa a
to supply the town ef Brooklyn.
Srerat Thestoaaier Acaiiia, dowa TeaterUay
from Illinois river, brought $1C1,mk) sperM
frem the Lanl Otheo at Chicago. A. - s
The IUkiuii rainted then female C4rp-.
Now-aUy mny femalea readt-r tlm uniirre
sary, as tliey die ready pamted. Al V. S'.n.
Liacaj a. The Commercial Advertiser, riling
from Its late file of Liberia papers, says:
Th Lu miliary speaks of a vervgeurral and
strong eoire oa tho part of the native residents,
tho Congora eepeiaily, for instruction. They
throng tue SunIa7 choola and manifest aston
ishing eagerness in Ik pursuit of knewUJg.
Unfortunately their wants cannot be aapplml,
aot for tho lack of teachers, or for the want of
school housrs, but because tho ca4oant4 havo
very fw primsrr books. The editor avakea aa
earnest appeal for aid, and asks that aaj indi
vidual or families having such books will sur
render theua to ateet tbo eniergnnry. II rip from
abroad, especially from tho I'm ted Suim, ia
Barns 11 Araic. Large audiUona to tho
Baptist churchos ia Africa have urea made da
ring the last five months, t'ifly-one have beea
Baplisnd by Rev. V. S. Jain ex; sixty-one by Kev.
M. Tea je; eight by Rev. John lhy, and two by
Rev. A- P. I'avis. I If these, forty-seven kavo
been added to the church ia Monrovia; thirty
sewn to tho churrh ia New Ueargia; eight to
the cb arch in Louisiana; twenty-one to tho
church ia Virginia; two to tho ebarch at Bum
Cove; aad eight to the ebarch ia Betly; ma
king a total of one hundred aad twenty-three.
Thk MrrMooirr CacncH on Tcaraaancu.
The Northern Methodist General Conference,
at their lata meeUng ia PiUsbargh, dnc hIm! te
restore Mr. Wesley's rule to tlieir book of
discipline, which n utiles ''draikeiSMa, buying,
or selling spiritaoua liqaors, or drinking Uiem,
anless lu casea of necessity," a diacipliaabia
Rnxiv or Mnsieuur:s. -IaMligrnee) hi
beea received tbat Mr. aad Mrs. Jeacka are oa
their way to this country, on a count of tha
dangerous illineee of Mrs. J.
D'Acaicaa's Bbotbcbs. Th Rev. R. Torn-
bull, in his sketch of tho life of J. II. Merl
D'Aabigno, ia his lata work en to Pulpit Ora
tors of France, insations that ho has two broth
ers, merchants la th United States on ia N.
York, the other in New Orleans.
Saium er .Mission airs. The follow in r
miasioaariea will sail for Africa ia the bria
Smithtield, Captain Dutf bound for Gabooa
River: Rev. J. I Wilson and Wife, Rev. A.
Bashnell and wife. Rev. J. M. Preston and wife.
Rev. W. T. WbeeUr, Mrs. Oris wold, also, Jvha
Weeley, a aativo youth, wko cam to tho United
so two. vaars since, and has learned the art
of pruiting. i'resskac Jur.
MiiMoofABJts. Tho Rev. Charles Tarlor and
Rev. B. Jenkins, misaionarie of th Methodist
Chnrca South, sailed front Host o a oa Tuesday
of last week for Shanghae. Thee aro tt.e rst
mlssioaarieo who have be a seal oat antler th
patronage of thia Bceird.
Mcthopijt Coirrarjira. Tho ew York
Confereno of th Mrthdiot Episcopal Chart-si
commenced athetr alUinga aa Wedaesdsy, tth
Inst., in Uie chare a la w aeitiagtoa street. Th
presidio; officers are Bishop Waugh and Uialiop
Death er a Sirrtt or CuAarrr. On r
these raeeoengers of merey eipired ia th Cani
ty LIopitaJ, at New Orleans, oa tho 3 tut ulti
mo, tier name waa Sister Victoria Keaney;
she was agod twoaty-aix j ears, aad waa a aaliv
Diocese ar Lrrrix Rora-CishoD Bvrna
baa parchaood th lata roHidoaea of Jadg Pae
chal, on tho romantic aad eligible height near
ear city, for th parpos of erocUnr th saana
into a Female Academy, to bo conducted by th
Sister of Sharltj t a sTnrea ImUL
A Krw Bishop. Tho Indiana Fpisropeieen
ventioa has elected Rev. Krancia Vinton, of
Brooklyn, bishop of th discea, ertth a salary
of 1 1,000. ll ithertathodiocos has been aorrod.
by Bishop Keafor. Rev. Dr. V Ua, beiagf
ow nearly 72 year 11 has resigned his pro-.
fesaomhip ia tho KpUcopal Theological itoinia- .
ry, N. Y. . , , y
Own Ftxowv Ther ara In tho U. State
mor tbaa aa thoaeaad Lodge ef Odd FsUsws,
with una hanJred rhousaad member, a ho pay
for Um relief bfdostHato tanMliesnad seek broth
er I'JOO.OUO a year. Chhstian,Tark. and Jew
may eater, bat Lheeo wh oactar their e'laaeiief
la a Saprem Being ar inaduwaibls. jtrtss.