Newspaper Page Text
. IV 11 n 7 I W.T VT1 T 1 Tfca BplHI C th OWm Tlaae.
1 11 U lid A A ill I 1 H 1 What should we t now, what alim-ld werfo
. F. COSBT. )
JOH X H. HEYWOOD, , Eiitos,
NOBLE EH LEE, J
J. C. VACGHAX, Cvnrtrpndig Editor.
U Uw- 're Mil.
The Legislature ef Uim StaL has deulared its
now. on the question of alave ry; werr wo influ-1 potitic.il platform. I wa ps-tl 'ree ,n
...r.NlrfheKnmtfjf our Father! . I lh Senate, awl four in tb Ifowa. against it.
.. -, r - - . -
ii.:. ..,( l.ra.l,1p.1 nt.l Rvit.l IVlsri. SLtverv is KB evil ci tu. nni umg-
-oi M . . , j .!.. lever
m,m,. man Wmtv. .mmetimea.br the ex- uuuue, nuiraiiy n"TJ T.r " 77
aS Ma.am-a.a.a.a.aaaaaaaaa.a.......aaMaa. .. LJ.m..IIam I
L0U1SV1LLE::::::::JULY 15, 1843.
EtiMiKii to irog .Ko are not ruUcribere, in
tkt hoje, that by perusal if, they may he in
duced to Htbmertb.
Walt a littla! Kentucky, when ah get
through her political conflicts, will alio (be
country, what tro anti-slavery fading mean.
V fear our friends elsewhere ara to in
dlflrent about the matter. YVith all their pro
fessions, they think it more Important to elect,
or pat down political candidate, than to help
a the cauae of Emancipation. Yv hop oth
erwise; bat if it be so, let as rely upoa our
eel Tea, and secure all the good and all the glory
now and hereafter.
Lot as, then, prepare, and show how much
wa value freedom, and what we are ready to
sacrifice for it.
ri'tonule. Urn mma I Mkcwiae
Wo received recently a letted from a valued
correspondent In nn interior of Kento'-.ky.CroiH
which wit make th following extract! as illui-
trative of the iuflucice which a deep interest in
I le ProaFeet.
The Ball is in motion!
It Is li" longer a disputed point, whether
slavery shall bo discussed la the Seattle, and
House of Representatives. That great delenaer
- ..Li ut
facts ReaVwtlesaa sew
4 la TIsaaMt"1-"
Tht agricultura of th tereit frt Stat, Ne
Umpire. . MreyrcWtlf. J' 'W'
l.atk !a OMS aa'a.Li' ... - 1
ui sgricuIUral Wr.
diictioa.1 of thi seven free Stale, axe of,, .
greater value titan are tlivae of the i
flairs, out a w more iets Will
ConntclUut, Xt Yok, Kern Jerry, mnd ra- ?tenent this s'ul ject in a still stroa5ar light:
measure a man a samiy, surucuroca, uj ui " . ... ,'...- u i. iiurdutr to pro-
tent of hi. teal in defe.ee of hum emitude. XEW!: SSiSl Jro- M f tai
our cause and awisexeal la adveucing it,na
andaffecU deal of acorn and contempt fi those I hiliitioa isUowod by the ConsUtuUoo! There-
who claim liberty fur all as alike a common right I fore, . .... - - ' ' ,
' BtitVtivlvd. by the Senato and Aasembly
and a common blessing. I Sl.. . w That the lutroduc-
Nav f ha rait and out nemetualist he who I ,iam r yu ,-, into tbia country ia to D deep-
..ii. i . ,iui. i,..itntinn. wlifi nrovr it I Iv deDlored: that Its extension oogui u p-
... . ,: ..:...: r .1,. :...,ki... Tllu,ioveT hiUted ly every conalUnlioual Wier
"I am able to report progress, slow but sure
Two months sgo I handed a number of the b.x
amlaer to two er
OOlUiog aboat aUAwrr." : He read the paper,
of the great "fact" Mr. CiOtocie has thrown
himself into lbs arena, and proposes distinctly
to make and meet the issue.
Sin Im. it- Na man can aik more of him. He
lylraniu, mmrtd vitk tAat of t sis I ToUl number f persons engaged
Statu Dtlavart, Maryland, Virginia, North j la sgricnltar ia the si a.Te
... I Co
Carolina. South Carolina, and Georgia.
We wilt now proceed lo compare the agricul-
tuial production of the e en free, with those of
ortJiree renUsmen, and one of possesses a mighty Intellect; bo writer U more SuUj8f constituting together,.the
. "It i. all nonsense. I rare condensed; no speaker mor. forcible. Bui wun
ik. nAsuae ill r rt wraaai I iihi in 1 11 On buiuwbivu v . i . x m ...
He will allow no div " r-" " V:." Tit" . OUrhl to bo aor nM:n eiienruiij
. ' . . . . J.sr I sAannerfatf at 1 aaa a.M.Ju
ual Wier within h0WeTW and tU, L t ,im j mt hml Mked for uo limn can perform because, however wi
In he amlin of MolUr whk;h ( efT fuflltohedi d th may Ik, tolerated or defend.d. the Eternal
find one man ready to speak the truth calmly, on
the tide of Liberty, we thaJl find an bundled
i ...... 1. r.n
.c.j . I . . ... r- 1. ..I s. f. il.. ....t .,.
Didourfatlim do so? Did U.e biav men of . 1
f 1 com.
the perpetutlitet of their day? Didthejr Levitate
H-itVi monlvaovantr fh m. an1 rriai u'miiflr
m,ft.h.,emtosilenceitsdefendmbvtLemor- our sympi.thy. and enlist, our better fsellng.
- . I. I x
.1 4KirK.rin,, T,- r,Pvr ..n. I He is no Mimmon man no iiouu.y ue..
ax uinfcj w .... . .'.-..."o . j
We hat e heard men of the highest character
for both intelligence and virtue, say that the cit
izen, of slave States are right in opposing eman
cipation, when those of other States nae improp
er mean, to effect it. They ssy it is not merely
mxattrial, but right, when the people of the
North abnae Kentackiana for holding slaves, that
Kenturkv should refuse to take measures for
making them free. "I was in favor of emanci
pation," says eoe; "but when 1 read the ac
counts rf the doings of some f the Neither
Abolition lata, I became opposed to It" Well,
this is natural in our present imperfect state,
but ia it r.git Ought wo to sufl'or the improp
er conduct of others to affect our own actions?
Ought we to do wrong because other, do so?
"We ought not to do wrong because others do
so; bat a thing which ia not absolutely right.
may become right from its relation to other
things; and this is the eaae ia the slavery que
Our respect for th worth and intelligence of
some who have made such remarks, has led us
to think over this subject carefully, and it still
eeeius to na that thev are wrong. Wo can im
agine circumstances ia a hich the conduct of an
individual may properly affect our coarse to
wards him, but none in which the lawa of jus
tice between two persons are annulled or sus
pemied by the sbusive language of a third par
ty, one Kentuckian ia under moral obligation
to pay another Kentackian some money. This
obligation the honest debtor would feel to be ab
solute; snd if the Cham of Tartary or the Great
Mogul should condescend to call him a rascal
and a cheat, he would feel himself as much
bound to pay the debt as ever. If he were on
the way to the house of his creditor with the
money in his pocket, and, like the Princess in the
Arabian Nights, he should bear all around him
tli erics of "Thief. Rogwe! Marderer!" we
should consider him as acting right in going on
to pay the debt. If we were standing on tlie
roof of a burning house, and beneath us the
flame, were rushing op, and crash after crash
toUaalbat th whole building would soon be
the prey of th fiery ruin, should ws be right in
refusing to escape becanse, mingled with the
roaring of ths flames, the cry of "Fool! fool!'
was coming to our ears from th surrounding
crowd T If, while we were drowning, those
taadiog ee the shore ahould utter abuaive epi
thets, oeght we refuse to tak bold of the log at
our band; Supyoe that the father of a family
wnha to do omihing for th lasting good of
bis children ought he to be deterred by th
clamors of thos who unjustly accuse him of
craeilyt If all his neighbors, if the whole world
should engs.ee ia heaping npon him th moat
abwslvo epithets, would his conscience justify
him la rIuUif to do goo 2 1 th objects of hi
love? If a husband were anjustly aceased of
crnelty to bis wife, ought he, on that account,
rWuse to contribute to her hsppinoss?
A thousand illustrations present themselves to
th mind. Let na take one more. An absolute
monarch watbe to ensar th fall enjoyment of
their rights to his subjects. II sees that the
object which he has ia view will advance the
good of his people and his own happiness. He
is laboring to devise plans for accomplishing his
noble ends la th beat manner. His conscience
teiis bim lis is right. Joy thrill, his bcaoia when
he thinks of th happiness b is wbewtto create.
Hs is so absorbed thst he pays no attention to
what is going on around him. Bat presently bs
' raise bis head, and hears sounds from abroad.
Hs find tbst all aronnd are resiling him. The
errors and mistakes arising from his position
are misrepresented and exaggerated. He is ac
eased of the most odious crimes. Hs hnars him
self called a Belsh.zzir, n Sardanapalus, a Nero,
a Caligula, a Borgia. And now, must he aban
don Lis designs? Must he refus t giv"ths
deathleas boon of freedom to hi. fellow-men"
beeause b is unjustly reprosched? Shall he
forfeit the happiness of himself and others to a
feeliag of resentment, however natural the feel
ing may be? No, lb great monarch would go
on, and all would sooner or later applaud bia
Virtue ia not turned from her exxme by the
clamors around her. She goes straight on, look
ing neiihtrto the right nor to the left. The ea
gleiaila on wlule the crows caw around. ' Jus
tice has Leen represented as blindfolded, so that
ahecannot etc things around bcr, that might in
fluence her dccUious. She ought rather to have
Lees represented with the keenest and clearest
eyes. She sees so much, that f-he eeetn. to see
nothing. Her vision penetrates through sur
rounding obstacles, and die appears not to be
Many of our readers remember what the
heathen poet, Horace, ay. of the man w ho is
"just and nrm to his purpose." He is not to be
shaken from his fcrm resolve by the look, of the
threatening tyrant, nor by the ardor of citizen,
augrrtg him t wrong. Ttie Cbhblian atandard
. ought certainly not to be lower than that of one
whose eyes weie never blessed by the light of
revelation. The great men of the world have
been those whom nothing could turn from the
pursuit of the object they bad in view. If we
wiah to be independent, this is the only coune.
The man who refuse, to do a thing because oth
ers try to drive him is not independent, ilia con
duct depends on that of others. He give, up his
freedom. No matter what he may allege in jus
Uncation, the fact is still the same that he ia de-psndtnt-ALut
be is held in subjection, perhaps
ven by las worst enemies. The truly independ
ent man is neither W, nor driven, nor deterred
b the conduct of others. YThatever he see. fit
to do, be doe?, let others a.y or do what they
please. One man ia driven to d o a thing, anoth
er is driven net to do it what superiority has
the one over the other Neither of the two act as
he pleases; the one is a. much a slave as the oth
er. The only difference is that the former may
have the virtue of humility, while the latter 11
filed with piide. The one with haughty air ist
Uss hi. chains in the face of the world; the other
strives to prevent his from making a nois.
of freedom at advantage.
cussion. He calls hard names. He rises in stat-1 , inhibitory provision againstlts Introduction
l.i w and nntWUIVOCBt V BUlDlircM "1
. .. 1 ma 1 jmi iiuiiuaviuuiiiuu mm u m.
nunci.Uon after denunciation upon memauiuau " , th. ,,-i.ta of Man and r- ' V Z
.warae Ji.mite kU assertion, oi de- T' i. . .v.U - PaPr 10 lno0 U whom I hsv. liuis to spore;
- . UWtM I"IJ r-"-" . ,U.!,l..K .... ... 1. .,... It..
n;. Tiv,t ta La r.insidered ax the clioaen I - H.molnd. That our Senators in t,onirrea u, "
--0-- , ---- . - I U.... I J . L .L ...... . .
Champion of freedom. I " u,ey M0J miuucieu, auu paper aau aa mem to suoscrioe.
- ..Kiaiiuaoi a m waan 11 aaaBiMn in ubbb luoii iuuuouvs a - . . . .
Oo where you will-in the halls of debate, or """"" o,A arr,nie . for .... Govern- Mnr tnk. J" ?10mPl Dj
in casual street talk and you w ill see this illus-1 .,, Dw territory already ucqaired eUicient aiJ, Much have you don for the pa
trated Your true man of freedom youi real J or hereafter to be acquired, that is now free, an I pr and for the cause. Grateful lot the service
defender of human tight-has aunoBt alssys ordinsncef.rev.r prohibia.g the
lerritory.' except s. . puuUliment for crime, of toco-operate with tougU w. c.u
which the party shall hiv. been duly convicted promise ysu uo reward, except the conscious-
according to law.
KtttflMi. That Ilia fcicetiencr.Uis uovernor.
ia hereby r attested immediately to forward a
copy of the foregoing resolutions to ea-b of our
Senators uul Kcpreaenuiuves, 10 oe uy iiioiu iu
.11 Kia iboarer. ka has nndertaken a taak wbicli
at .a trs. Til L u. Z tSk amnH lA
Last week wbn w .' ' "
overthrow it, even mougn it wer upunu j
host of mighty intellects, and defended by ar
mies millions strong.
Nor will Mr. Calhoun's ultra grounds help
Ila denios that men are born free and equal
urinal thirteen States of the Union.
The United States census fo IWU, ipecmes
the quantity of article laiaed in the different
States, but in mtst instances lea ve their value
undetermined. Lot the prices at which I hive
estimated the various articles, may appear .high
to the Kentucky reader, I would remind him of
that which he knows already, if he will reflet l a
moment, that most agricultural productions w
the Atlantic Statw are worth from fifty to one
th of th. declara- hundred per cent, more, than they are in the
Total number tf persona engaged
in agricuuurim me seven free
Difference in favor of slave but,
Uenc it apptars that though ths era-a:iu..,
productions of I k free State ara efaiurt
r value than at I those of the slave State., ih
Is a much loss I umber of persona enipUjj ia
agricultural pu -suits la the former than ia u,.
latter. Hence, too, we conclude that aerxalui.
raJ labor is uiucl. leee productive ia la frr
In the slav. Sut as. To ascertain tU
produced by aci hand in a jrar, it mwul. .
ry to deduct from th aggirg.i, ft(
some qualification to make there is no in
l4iee. no dmrmatiam about him. Nut SO with his
opponent! He punu all misgivings, all logic,
all courtesy and stands up for slavery boldly,
unheNtatingly. YVe apeak generally. Of course
there are exceptions noble exceptions in U
Dlacea. and anion? all classes. But where we
th products, as abovo slald, the ra!ae of ,k
ricisnt in th. senate, ot jiassai-iiu, . , ' , " latockon han4atlhcomnneeuntof th--
Hi. proposiUo. wa.wh.ch the price, of the. ultursi product. I u j JT
II .1 l-l.r 1 1. . n ...I tl'll
IIUWUUIIII ..... " I V . .V. C. I.........
.. j I ..i.i. ....Ua..hleh Statenin tire interior. 1 ui.
liou 01 luuepeuuBuco, smuu" i , .... . vr,... m. in I '
bo based it. ..cited merrim.nt In th. Senate, of MmsmIiiwAU, tor 1S44-5, before me. i o l fc
AUU Willi gou roaswu. I " . c . I i uis uksmuiu. i hui bui fmut aa
.o.itreme-hi..rgument.orenned-hi.deduc- Lf that State forthat year, are specified. UTllip. .odicient daU before me, to UvalJl'
lion so oaluahlv incorrect that few felt iu per- guming that these prices are a pretty fair cnu- .tu, .uit- tv. . "
n... Jv.noln. mr .Uurtn v.lirl . . . i J I i k:.k a Mtimata the Value Of like IrO I . .... . '
" -"6 -v. -v.- j I tiaeucr. auU fewer still acaaowieugou I iiu'i "J " - . I let Jr. Kutliier. !! V irgiaia. sueak mrmlm-
I - . . . a. ' sTa. a . T .k.ll avss, ani ' a " B -
H. dwelt on the word errffu As If our latn.rs auctions in otner auisuc I By timaUng the valu of th. yesirlyprodurt
I . . ....a a ft. 1 I I I. a tt llrt I 1 .mm thain 1 f sa MaTlnhlPri JIB riLCUt All lUMAIKK .?. I J : ' i : a l . . " "
Such friends we need itnd vsius, and many I did not reter to tu race; u gKiira - uw uj .,... - oi eacaoiaie.aa uitiuiuK uissaras by Uie aao-
such we rejoice iu poasesaing. To all such w. only was born! As if right could io given estimates wwca
would say "persevere, speak the right word In I without embracing trie wnoie natiou.
the ri'jlit time." Many may at first turn away
W tak it that Ireland as regards iln active I and say, as said the on. to wtam our correspon
dent ulludes,lhst "It is all uouaeuse, that they
car. nothing about slavery." Persevere they
must care about it, and afur a little while, they
ill Cod that they do ca about it. No man,
Say what we may about Mitchell's conduct,
there is a dash of daring about it that awakens
Mr. Calhoun enumerates three causes as lead
ing to disunion; the last as bcingcertain to de
stroy the Republic.
The first is, th ordinance al.i.
Marvelous discovery! Who passed it? South
ern men: v no couea tno .ionu-wo.icm .
ed of tolerating any man or set of men, w
ealmlr. deliberately-. work to paui that
slavery wu a divine institution, and that it was
a duty to uphold and extend it The very thought
was scouted by theui. They held the proposition
as at war with reason, humanity and religion
One example of their action a lesson ft for
the best among us to t-tudy and imitate we will
r "Let as nerer forget that every station in life is
nccmary; that each deserve our respect; that
not the station :t&elf, put the worthy fulfilment of
its duties, does honor to the man; and that we
only merit esteem ia so far n w approach near
est io the perfect prLrrcancw of tha duUes as
ifoadtota) in the order of things. ' " '
On t Si h Oatiihrr-1771. our Fathers in the
..i,..ni.ipA.c. . ni.nf .ttwi.lverv properly, in the followiug article
vm.UK.... ww. 6.v,, , r I d-.1I... .1.1..1 .1... tl.. . I I,K l,.,..Mli..- .H t.,un n- l.n.i...
t,;. nt.;n,i . TM.t t.r.ptv ,,f .tli. I ii. ."-..-" r' i' "i-"-- r
with the heart and mind if a man, can help car I ritoryt Virginia, a .lavs-holding Stata. ln
n- alutalaverv. It la a suiect of too much truth is, that th. whole country, at that tune,
. v-ii A ii..! - r.fnr.,1 ... .aceaaarv. and iu the iruoortauce to be regard el with Indifference. It looked to the gradual, out certain .auocuoa
" I . . I ' . T. .a-- ..i I.i..., srith this view. Were oar
effort to ohlain it. lie nas ottcom. lis ritw"., "w "''m-1 ) " 17 .. r . v. i k ...
TV.. ..t Jlfr.nlt In rirl ta Ir h all rs Interadta. and t he utertals. all tha interests of lamer an uuau i u ..... , r
r i,. w .... . J ... . m . . I . . . . ..,.J VlfL I
that the Irish reformers are not practical. The the community iu whz we live, for any one to ported it, ignorant or wuueu i ny. j
.liffrence between Uiem and the English shows push it sside as a wattn of no concern. It U Uung in me worm snows tue wuu. .
this. Tliu one relies upon "Pikes," the other I a matter of concern, of deep and vital concern,
"Petition." Ths Irish would break aud one which dos tot cease to concern us,
though we may not be concerned about it.
Many a mau, who at fitstturna aslds from the
Examiner, or any othor paper or pamphlet da
voted to the discuejloa of this momentous sub-
Xo. of nones and mulea
in Uie ksven free Mte
viz: 9r lUuipshirs,
Msad, louaectirat, tt.
York, . Jeriey. sad
Penasytvaiua. ia t84u..
Ho. of horses and mules
In the sr suvs Mates,
vu: Xelswie, Mary
Uud, Virfinu, !. Cro
bua, M. Carolina, aaa
BaL ta r.vor oT Tre States,
So. oi cattle ia the stvea
free Hutrs la 1
tiu. of caitlra tu Sslav
6tj7.Ma do t3K.W
down Lori John RuhscI by fore. The Knglinh
labor to drive him into measures by force of pub
lic opinion. Doughis Jerrold illustrates this
.f in Til a n mil .im. . rir.L . .1 ii l i .1 u a . . . . .
' I l. n.l tin fiirthxr ivrnrni. It would aim
cles, and among them, onedenouncingthe slave I m i',lJa0 Miniater knew as much of what
trade. We quote it, and ask our readers to mark I WM going on outxide of his othce, as a grub in
olutiouary ancestors, it is this ordiusnc of 1787
For, where should we be what would oureoua
try have beau without th Fret Xorth Wett?
If we desir to point out a people great and pros
perous; Slates mighty in resource, mighty in
social position and political st re ngtli, w invari
ably select the States of the North v est. 1 et I go. a , it Suit.
BaL ia favor of tree States,
Mo. of sheep in th sevca
Kit. or same to the .slav
BaL in tavor of fre ffcales. SJCo.J
So. of gaiue in tbs.iUsve
Xo. la Uv 7 1 re Males . . . .
the subject often printed to him and in ths cmm of disunion, according to Mr.Cal
Bushels of wheat raise 1 in
the sevea free t-Utet
it, strong language
" We will neither import, nor purchase an;
alave imported, after the first day of December
next; after which tune we will wholly discontin
ue the slave trade, aud will neither be concerned
in it ourselves, nor will we hire our veeU, noi
sell our commodities or manufactures to those
who are concerned in iL
How direct! how manly! how worthy the pat
riots of the days that tried men's souls. A nd
right spirit, becomes deeply interested, (le
soon is convinced that neither as a citizen nor
as n mau, can he justify hiiunelf for indifference.
lie wonders that he skould hsve been uniuter-
eeted so long. ILs lethargy in past time, seem.
ths kernel of t. nut knows of the outer earth
However, u ceituin section of men, calling them.
eeliea C hurt is for Chartism, in its moral
earnestnesM, disavows pike snd bludgeon as iu
irniiunu of uersuasion have, within the oast
week, done their beet to justify Lord Russell in almost incre Jibl and, rou.iog himself to exer
his bad position. Three men yell for nvolu- tion, he seeks to a tout for the past by earnest
tfon, aud thus affrigl t those who are prepared ,cUon ia the prMnt, ind for the future. Nor
to advauce bv moral means, rsow.lne bludireou , , ... L . . i i
" , . t .. .1.. . l I h. content to work aim, rnend and neigh
iii u at ha made harmless bv ouinion the Dike I
ii.i,.,li..i,i.ki.rlTiiiiMi. 1'h.r,f,. bors must be awakentd. lis utters earnest
hink v.i th.t unrh t.in mil.l n,.w if .1 v ini. wo call upon all earnest reformers to respond lo words. Those worde ant not spoken in vain
erate the extension of slavery? Think you that ""iV".'. ofA.I.r; ITT'i.. they Me fc,,0d back fn,a auo ,iucere ,oul'
thev w ould listen to any man who would uphold "eT r:' .ri:.-" "igrhood, a whole com
:. a .-. ti.: - .... l -. i I
sue.. -v.v. ..rnton.r,.nranstona-aouare. )
at such cruel inhumanity such wanton injut-1 .Msy31,llS
ice. or let any one suppose mat mese, our i k.- to ear. in reulv to vour letter.
..... ... .. . i .
fathers, were divided on this Ltsue. 1 he article I that no more ettectual aid can be given to my
ouoted alKe. tsee first VoL of the JournaU of motion of tlie iHHh of J one, in favor of re'orni,
ni unity, finds itself mored ns the soul of one
Nor dues the i.Cuence ceami here. It is won
derful lo see the change. elV-cUdiu a community,
by having the mindt f its members earnestly
Congress,) was signed by the President, Peyton
Randolph, and by all the States represented.
Here aie their glorious names.
Robert Treat Paine,
Heni7 W isuer,
S. Doe rum,
John D. Hart.
Richard Henry Lee,
Patrick Henry, Jr.,
Benjamiu Harrison.. ,
Ch ristopher Gadsden,
Kdu ard Rutledge.
When, then, any man reproaches you, reader,
for defending the rights of men, for standing up
for freedom as the only bais of good Govern
ment upon earth, point to these names, refresh
yourself w tth the spirit w hich animated our fath
ers, and resolve, let who may scoff or sneer, that
you will, like them, be true to the cause of hu
manity and right
Ipeacai mf BtrMlwr Il.
In our next we shall publish Senator Dix's un
answerable spech,on the Orrgon BilL We shall
in future, give regularly, under their appropriate
head, the movements rkc, of the great political
parties of the country, as a part of the history of
the times. As heretofore, we ahall give the do
ings of all, w ithout taking pail with any.
That', the word! "Life is onward." If we
a it rightly, it is onwtrd, and upward, too.
Bat If it be abused, it is a warfare for low desire,
and low aims, It U a burden to ourselves, a
wrong to other.
'Never look npon the past." Not if that past
bear frail! Not if it tell of progress! Not If
others msy see in it good done for the race! But
if it be barren, or marked with injustice, then
gars npon it, that you may know what to .ban,
and what yon have to do.
"Try." He who My. ho will he who feel
that h. can need not .orrow for tha past, nor
for the future. He is safe. Hi. present is his.
Toil become .west; daty.bapplne; progress,
certain. Try, amid sunshine and .tornv In
youth, manhood, old age, always to'do that
which U right, to avoid that which Is wrong.
So will our path become more fair, and we be
bhsssed la doing.
So any. th. poet. Hear and hoed him :
Life ie onward na it
With a forward aim;
Toil ia heavenly cbootte it,
And its warfare claim.
Look not to another
To perform your will;
Let not your own brother
Keep your warm hand still.
Lif. is onward never
Look upon the past;
It would hold you ever
In it clutch fast.
A'.is is your dominion.
Weave it as yow pleass;
Bind not the soul's pinion
To a bed of ease.
Life Is onward try it,
Er tha day i. lost;
It hath vlrtua buy it,
At tekmUeer co$t.
If the world should offer
Every precious gem.
Look not at the scoffer,
Change it not for th.m.
Lif. i. onward heed it
In aaca varied areas;
Your own act can aped it
Hi bright pinion o'.r you,'
Tim wave not in vain,
If Hop. chant before yon '
liar propheti strain. . ,
Life ia enward prlr it '
In sunsbin and ia storm , -'
Oh! do notdepiait 1
In its bwrnbteatform. ''
Hope and Joy together, '
Standing at th goal.
Through life's daritt wwathr, '
Beckn on the mL. .
I ..... 11 -IT . .- I O
tnan oy pmiuou. .o tari.au.euH em.ua. og engagoJ iu the contemplation and discussion of a
the inhabitaota of th. several districts, and I r- Pt subject Thoughts, new, grand and im-pir-
eom mend tout th petition b presented through I ing, are awakened. Uinds are rapidly develop-
tha medium of lb. representatives for thi re- ed. and in their development, a haoDineM iex-
spectiv. loc.lit.ee where such petitions are ori- MlimtMl. of w hich, before. th.M wa. no r-nnr.
"Aa I find it impossibe to reply separately to lio'1- Life bt'comM m intenrsting and aUtact
the aumerwui letter, wt ich are addressed to me I ive. It eease lo h ejiktne and beeomea life.
from iiiUerent pans oi oreat uruain. iniiuir.ng eVt.n bere influence ej. it u
by what means co-oteraiion can be iieet atiord-1 . . :..... . -....i-.i.
.A th. ft,r m.em.nt. I have avail! n.v- uut"" " J T 'ou io.i6ui iniu
aelf of this mode or sending you an answer, in " aud earnest feehug ouyne subject, it is ready
order that tt may be read by my correspondents for right thinking and eaneU feeling on all sub-
generally in in columns oi ui public pre.. Jects. Apeopie once elrtrifie4 by truetliouirhta
' . I r.lk ia arrsaaf ailif it ou ltt bin Ir intit man.
JosarH HuMic - '
lal 1 . .a - a ...
"Mr. W. Idvssev. Chairman, rreston. Lau- 141 w mlM vni uve. 11 UUI
" i ... . . . . ....
cash i re. couunue to live, until U tecomcx vital in evert
"P. S. I reeommesd grout care in receiving Prt Let a community binteie!ted in Uie great
signature, ana only those residing in th lo- subject of freedom, and it cannot possibly re-
csiity, as mucn oiscreon nns oeen orougni up- 4 indifferent to other matters of deen i .n.
on petitions by the insertion of fictitious n sites.
- l.e loi. Jrhu II Miwvtl t tiraleM tlOWH ty
petition. Let the .Minister be buried under a
heap of parchment
Throughout the esuutry meetings are taking
place. Iet them bs multiplied: and thua let
weapons of isvincibe proof wespous of opin
ion be exhibited wterewilh to carry th Treus
ury to cominatd the Exchequer so thst
chesp government to the triumph of the day.
A pike-and-bincgnon Chartist has very ingen
uously notified the xurt lira for an attack on
th Bank, so tliat the military my bo unprepar
ed ! Sagacious general ! Now, the real reform
er can well afford to give the Treasury warn
ing; inasmuch as h will attack and carry it too,
by means against which troops and parks of
cannon are helpless namely, by the might of
opinion. Therefor, w say, Petitions, nut
Pikes. Mr. Hume w ints the army of a million
or so of name (with no "Puguoee" among
them) to make his attack on th 2Utu.
Lord John, to such a petition, may use ths
words of Kino John:
"I am a sciibbled form, drawn with a pen
I'pon a parchment, and against this fire.
Do I skunk vr."
Therefore, let a million snd more signature
b ready by tho 20 Ui, to make the Premier as
small as possible.
This i. the rig it spirit, and points out the true
way. Men acting iu this spirit, and in this
way, cannot be silenced or conquered. And we
venture to affirm, that th. English Reformers
will carry their point, and that if th. Irish Re
formers could now be induced to unite with
them, that they, too, would triumph. Violence,
bloody revolution, are not the instrument, of
redress for Ireland. Indeed, tho course of th
Irish Repealer., lias not only driven the Euglish
Reformers from them, but compelled them to
sustain th government Not that they juatify
the wrong, done to Ireland ! These they bold
ly xpose, and bitterly denounce. Mitchell, in
their view, has been seduced into wroug-doing
by the Injustice f the State. And now, that
th supremacy of ths Isw has been vindicated,
we do hope tiuitthe British Government msy
be induced to remedy the real ill. of Ireland,
and render her subatantitd and enduring, though
N. P. Russell, an old and cpnlent merchant
of Boston. and formerly a Stat Senator, aora
mitted suicide at Nahant, last week, while la
boring under temporary alienation of mind.
II arose in th. nijrbt, about on o'clock, went
to the beach, whet. h. left his cloak and his
hat, with bis name in it, and th. next morning
his body was found floating near by. He had a
daughter, who committed suicide about fifteen
His reported that, during the presimt year,
4,000 pauper boys and g.rls will boaant from
Ireland to Australia, and ten thousand others
will b shipped from EogUnd to the same colo
nies. "Does th Curt andersland you to My, Mr.
Jones, that yon a. w the P.c!itor of the 'Augur
of Freedom' intoxicated?" '
'Nt at all, sir; I merely said, that I have seen
him frequently so flurried n hi. mind thath.
would undertake to cut oat copy with the .Duf
fers that's all."
Th. dedication of th new Observatory at
Amherst College, Miis. took place en Wednes
day, Jane5th. An sddress was made by Pres't
Hitchcock, and an oration by Wm. B. Calhoun,
after which some two hundred ladies and gun He
men dined together in tho Amherst House.
HaaiaaSaOass wf Oav. Stsaak.
Gov. Shank, the Executive of Pennsylvania,
who, it i. stated in a dispatch, has resigned that
office, has been la bid health for some time,
which onopelled hunt take that Btep. .
ceru. it will become iute,'rteuiu education, in
tellectual, moral andiwli-iu.
pertaining to the w41-beiiig and genuine pios-
perity of society; aud having become interested,
deeply, thoroughly interested, it wdl not ret un
td iis thoughta are translated into deeds, ami iLs
hopes become realiticK. A right thinking people
must eventually be a ri&ht acting people, aud
right acting people L? a haffiy Jntiple.
Such is the iniiiit-Jtsurable influence which
may be exerted by one mind. A single U ought,
taking pos;.s.iiu of a single mind, may change,
ennoble, redeem a community, a nation.
If tlien, readers and fcicuds, you thisk our pa
per calculated to do good; if you feel Ihatiliuay
be instrumental iu awakening any minds to cor
rect thinking on this all-importanf subject ol
freedom, then w e pray you, do what you can to
extend its circulatkti, and incregse its influence.
Do it for the sake of Uie paper, for the sake of
the cause, and for the sake o every good word
airli)! lw rwaiawai.
The Legislature of Iudianu, at its recent sec
tion passed an act submitting the question of free
school to Uie pcopie at the election in August
next There are in Indiana upwards of. 320,000
persons between the ugtw of & and 21 , and of Uie
c ktire adult population of the State, it is estima
ted that at least 38,000 are unable to read and
write. The State Education Society has appoint
el Judge Kinney of Terre Haute, a tpecia
a sent to travel throughout the State and deliver
aklrc&ics, and endeavor to wnken an interest in
behalf free common schools.
Th. acciunt. we are receiving from all parts
of th. country represent the Wheat crops as far
surpasilng ia abundance aud quality, the yield
of any previous year. The prospect of Corn is
also very good. It will be seen by referring to
tb. Foreign Nt s.that tha prospect, abroad ar.
not worse tha. those at home. Unless there
should be an nnususllv heavy demand for ex
porution, the price will not teach a very high
Uatintevorof fre States. 9,U-Hi
Bushels of Bar? raied
tutse 7 tree Mates
Busliel of sail is in Ik
slave States 11614
Bal. ia favor office Statea, 3U,l-'i
Un.ii.la eJ ai. r&ia.J ia
Uie 7 free tUstes 18.lt.73 at 30cto 1 Va28
Bushels raised ia ta us
slave States 21.202,857 do 7.1.tw7
BaL in favor free SUtes.. 8t,Ut.&i6
Bushels of rv raised ta
Uw 7 Ire Mates.
lushels of ssiiie
1275,123 at 70 rU f J.Ciia.M
2,5021 do 1.79124
BaL ia favor fre SUtes,
Bushels bark heat rais
ed i tha 7 fre SUtes,
Busarls of sam ia the
tUl. ia (avor fre SUtes,
Bushebof cora raised ia
the mt Slavs Ktates....
BuiheU raited ia th sev
en fre SUtes
O,7jost locts $0,5),H1
3HJ1 do IHJM
3t,406.6C do 17,218,13
houn, is this very act ths glorious ordinance I uuui, riscil uilbs m.
-.lu ...l.:l. ....I u..a. A It .11 If. I suvseiau-s
OI llJWUIill .UU atT,.iva aw a. -
prosperity, power, wealth aud happiness!
Th second cause assigusd is, the M iii.nri
Wonderful announcement! hat! is that
measure denounced at th North so bitterly, to
be denounced, with equal bitterness at the South T
Are w to hsv on set of men declaring in the
free States, "accursed be tho who yielded it"
snd another set of men in th slave State, de
nouncing the authors of it, as "arch traitors to
the south, the Constitution, and th. Country?" B"sbeUo' m
Ho it would seem. The .Vissoari tern remise is
th. second link leading to disunion! How? It
localised slavery. It granted to Missouri her
demand; but limited it to that State. What ia
111. process by which this act i. to lead to dis
union? Th free SUtes were overpowered.
The slave-power obtained all it naked. Nay,
the Compromise was the w ork of a Southern
man Htiir Clsv. Could he, and his associates,
hav. been so blind to Stat interests to South
ern rights a. to aid in destroying both T So
saya Mr. Calhoun! Let those believe it who
The third and final act will be the limitation
of slavery iu new territory.
Stranger yet! What is our Government?
Wherein consists its excellence! What is it
ruling principle? It is a FnM Government-
Freedom ia its end. Freedom is the great motifs
which direct, it True, slavery exist, among
us. Rut it is a Stat institution; th creator
of positive law; partial in its extent The na
tion, aaa nation th. Governmeut of the United
States, as a (.overnment can no mor create
slavery, as Mr. Adams sajJ, than it can create s
Riug. Travelers Ull , that th Despot of
Europe, with th view of frightening their peo
ple at the very name of Republicaniam, have '" Ss..U,2si,4.-U Si.Sot.llT!
., , , . i ... , I Pounds of rir raised in
tueirscnooi noons ascoraieu wiui pmsn, ia u SsUveKUtes T5.7S.W7 at lets f.1,03t.W7
which the men of ti e United Slates, are repre- Pound do-ia tree Stales, Oiiim.uw 8,uuu.waj
sentedaa standing, whip in hand over tho la-1 sj. in fmvU Snit... .75,7,n
borers, and driviug themaa slave, to their work! Pounds of Cottoa raised
.. . I iatbe slave Mates.. ..2S02.01 at '
Pound do. ia tree SUtes .uu0,WJ0.oVO
bar of persons employed ia makisr Dim...
duets, we find tli average vales proouceu by
each person; aal by comparing tu fr,u;
tn calculation irin several fiuua, as a,
cover theompa.tivo productiveneas of Ar.
cultnral labor ia lb Stales. This u. hi
1. ft .3.21 at V va2.U,W I wnt for our art wraent.
Professor Tucl.r, lat of th Uaiveivii.
Virginia, ia his useful book, on the progress ,.
popuiauoo, ixc, n gien ta w-cui a ciculj.
tiou of this sort. II was certainly not patui
to tho North ia hi estimate. W nave ear.
8S3w I fully examined txm, and tkiak that hi a!u.
I lions of products sre ia som particulars arr.
4.W7.7W at Sa2.75o.760
neons. W e think , also, that h. has ouiillrd soma
. - I siemems necessary to aa ate ami resa't. tv,
I hav, therefore, la our own ealculalioos arrival
?S9oO ju.1'J3ju I at resuiu somew ui mnereut from hi; yr(aw
I far as ourarvam. ut is concerned. IL t.rt, ......
6V,aJ ai$l 25 110,713,732 I iM jm,naterial. Ve can, therefore, aur. tt
do 3S6,e I fsllow-citixen.,tliat no sort of caiculatioa fUUUli.
ISO on Boyiumg i a truin or reaiou, caa Lriu
out a result materially diherent from our.
W. hav. not n on her for the pu tcsUr tL.i
enter into the cul :ulations: wecau only giv ttis
Tho general n salts, aecordinv Ij Luih Mr
Tucker and .urtslves are as follows:
la New Lngla.td, agricultural iudustrv irL,
aa annual value, averaging aboat one tiuiiu-
and eighty dollar i to the baud, that is, Ut cj) x
fX g ,1.7M.2
2,376,340 l,010.76O! (
SB.W3,So2 at f 1 26,M3,ft2
181.703 do x 13,301.703
SS.U2.119 I .mnLcj
- I p. 1 J
I la the miikile S tate of j York. X.- 1...
3.129.K9 at 30CU S!,561,i I tnd Penni., ,Dia. tr
do 36,u2 I hundred andsix'y-cv or two hmiorJ aal
seventy dollars t the band.
And in th old alav Mates, houti. of la- Fg
tomac, tha average ia ahout oae bun.:raj
thirtv dollars to lb baud. Tb., M-corum u
our calculation, ki rather above tiie iirrr Imc
tlast v irgiuia, bu : below that lor Hhll u.t
The average for a I Virginia is about ou hun
dred and thirty- ght dollars.
Thus it appears by the bet enuuc whu a
the caa admits of. that the farmers of t:. ii.k:
die State, with tteir free labor, pro.lu- Dior
than twice as gro t a value to IV hnuiJ, a. t!n
farmers and plaaU rs of the old slave Suirs; suj
that even the Nee LngUnder, on their poor
soils and under th.ir wintery sky, tutke aeariy
fikrt r nereeat mere, to tim haiid thrfn tha 1
5. Ill A3 2IK19a ISoutheraer mak ia Uie nnay Sooth, anh
I0t.t3l.726 at Wcta,2LS lh "janUfn of their valuaUe staple., cottoa
Bed. ii facer mUee Sutti. 94 ,331,710
Peuikli of wool gTowa ta
the 7 free States
Pounds imi .a the six
IS7.1rt at 36 eta &.7Mb&1
tr.4l do t,H5,373
KaL la (avor free States, '
Pouwts of hoi ktob ta
ia 7 (re Kutes
Pounils crow a ia la six
Bat ia (svor fre .States. . .
Bushels of Potatoea rais-
ia Ut 7 free Mate
S.'.'.GU: 1 1,2(3,1 U
l,0ol,lta stlOCtS lu0,tl
u.ara do ifita
BiuheU ia aUv SUtes.. 10,73U,V3 do 2,6lAi,lau
BaLia favor fre Mates.. .t&,97JJ&i
Tons of kar raised ia tb
see free Stales . at
Hjdo.iasUveSute.. .631 uo
Bal. ia bvortre SUtes, .. a,7u27S
Pounds of Tobacco raised
as-1" sbwwww . at fJMVyaV
Pauads raised ia tlx sev
ca Ires Stales S64.72M
Bl.inJfn, tUt Slelrt. 25),"iW,01
Pounds of wu produced
- lata ua slat Stales..
Pounds produrad in Uw
KtJ&l USOctt SHT2
Ul2J6m do 'J0.M3
3,u23 at fes)
Fre Americans could, aa matter, now aland
denounce the lie aud prove it But did th. Gov
ernment of the Unitnd States say by set, "this
is our institution, we will create and protect it,"
let tnat Uovrnmnl, in tne face of tne world, I sevea
. . .. . . ...
oy solemn ueoa nanonmue slavery ana tnr iW lr ..
is not a despot in the old world, who would not I Tons of Hemp and Flax
ia Slav waics.
in 7 fre Slates.
which would notscotf at and denounce ns as
the worst of all pander, to injustice the most
recreant to every principle of human freedom.
Vet unless slsvery bo made the supreme law of
the land, Mr. Caihoun say. the Republic Is de
What is thomeanlig of thi extravagance?
What its aim? W hat its end?
We need not shut ur eye to the fact, that
the perpetualists are resolved to extend their BaL in favor free Statea..
power, or toshak.thic Union to it centre. t, ?ZiFT.
Henry Clsy was regarded by them as their direst Pounds made ia tbe nx
foe. It wa. for him, tliat this blow was intend- UT8ule
ed, and had be been ncminaled by th. Philadel- Bb rTor fre States,
r- .: .i u t i I tiaras of wous soul IB tne
pU1.v....u.,uJ ......... - 1 MvenfreeSUtcs 9J.Tl.iat si ii so n T4.ilu
Bat. in ftrae slsw 5ts.
Pounds of silk coLcoous
produced ia th sevea
Pounds produced ia the
six sUv Ktates.
of extermination against bim in the South. I Cords sold in the slav
. . , .. I
tie is out oi in way, anu now come, uen vase,
and the perpetualiaU seixe upon him as if they BsJ. la fcvor fre. BUtea, 1,522J J2.t78,7t
. siuai w isnni v mgu rail ia uk seven ire
. KUte $7.1Mf
V alu of sun made in ths six slav States.. . Vii ,413
Balance ia favor of free Sutra fcan,ir
Valu of products of orchard! ia th sevea
fre Stale S.T7U.AW
Valu of sank ia tb six Slav lutes 1.454.1 19
Balaac la tavor of fr State.
Value of Ui produc of aurssriessad florists
la ins sevea fre bUfes f294tl
Edward Char I ess, tsq.,ui-d on tho 22d alt.at
St Louis, in th. 50ih year of his age. II was
the oldest printer in th city, having commen
ced his sppraaticeship ia IdlO. II established
th. St loui. Republican in lt&2, and conduc
ted it for fifteen years, with great ability.
A correspondent of the Baltimore Patriot sug
gest, th. following from Beaumont and Fletcher
as a fitting inscription for th National Monu
ment of Washington:
"Nothing can cover his high fum. bat Heaven!
No pyramid set off sis memory
But the eternal substane. of his greatnesi."
The Fairfax (Va.) News of the 1st mat, nays:
''The harvest ia over in this region; and the qual
ity of the grain in excellent and the quantity
more than an average crop. The cum looked
Try well, but the oaU ksd suffered from the
' The Cuuberland, the flag ship of Com. Perry,
sailed from Pensacola on th. SCth nit, for Now
York. The-aloop-of-war Germantown and
Ss ratoga, steamer. Irish and water Witch, and
two or thr .mall schooners are to remaia at
Pensacola. The other vossel. belonging to th.
home squadron are to proceed north.
A Committee baa been appointed in this city
forth, reception of the officers sad soldiers oj
th. Kentucky RejrimenU, returning from JUsx-
would fore, him to say what they wished.
"They will leave thi. question of Slavery," My
they "neither to Congr, nor to the people of
the Territories; and if Mr. Cass doe. not say
slaveholders may go where they please with
their slaves, he shall receive no vote of theirs."
"Nor will G.n T.ylor," add they. What than?
What then, pray tell asT Why, that Mr. Cal
houn, or some good porpetualist ah all bo elected
President of tho United SUtes, and thus arre.1 Value of i the six sUvs Mates
all danger of disunion heal up now and ever I Balance In hver of fre. Suit ...
more th. sad evil. caasd by the mistaken or
dinauc. of 1737, and tha Missouri Compromise,
and tho proposed Wilmot Proviso! Th people
of thi Union ara out of their teens, thank
The idea that the limitation of shivery will
destroy the Union U absurd in the extreme. It
ia insulting to the peopht to suppose that this
causa could produce soclia disss tor. W say, I vJu of tbs prodocu of the dair? in U e vta
Valu of lb prodocu of market tardea, ia
ma seven ire Miu Z1.I3-7II
Valu M sam la tb su aUv States 316,&
Balaac la tavor of fre Statea....
Valu of Poultry raised ia U
Valu of sam raised in th six slsve Slates
Bat la favor free States
srter, a. we regard our present or future hop,
our fair name, th common liberty w enjoy,
MXMt, Ltrr .LAVcav tt mstio.iausu. on ax-
The wteamer M. B. Hamer arrived here on
Tuesday, from New Orleans, with Capt Rid
dle's company of the 4th regiment OhtO volun
teers and Capt Taylor's company of the Mary
land battalion, in all 133 men.
Vsju of sain ia tb stx slav Suites.
Balance la favor of free States....
Total value th foreroitif aerie s U ural prs
duclions grown la lb stvea (rentlatea.. . $36314829
Total value el agricultural production growa
ta in su sis v- State. 302,4l5,fCJ
Total bat ia ta vor of ta 7 (re SUtes $S09e,l K
It ia hoped that oar old fri.ad who has here
tofore Warded off all oar argumeaUagaiaat slav
The steamer Bell, of the West arrived, same er7 with his agricaltnral wand, will pass and
day, from New Orleans with 300 Massachusetts reflet a little apoa thin result. Ha mast se,
volunteers. that if tha .lav. Sutes ara not engaged aa ex-
The steamer Bulletin reached Portlan.1, ..me tenaively in ma a. factor., and commerce aa the
day, with 400 men of the 4th Indiana regiment, I frea Stat, it la not becaaa thy ara mor d-
unaer commana oi coi. uorm.n. iceymarcn- . agiKunur utaa tna iron bum. v
ed up to the city, w here they took passage on the hav seen th vast superiority of tha .even frea
Swiftsure fyi Madison. Most of them were in Stte Sutaa la regard ta
an almost destitute condition, their clolhea being manufacture, and eommerc.. Wa have evea
worn out, and some were even bare-footed. loaua 10,1 vownataciaraa and commerce of
th. en. If. bUU of .Nw York ar vastly graat-
Alaawaaat V. 8. Reaatar. I r than tnos of th Whol. six Slav. Stalaa. A mA
The Governor of Alabama has appointed Hon. I ih grand th omnipot.nt arzamaat that wa
Wm. R. King, O. S. Senator from that Sute, to hear consUnUy nrged, ta xplanaUa. and la
In Maryland, tj resuit is iubTmeuia'.e be
tween th avarag of th North and tual of U
South; and thi. sgree. strikingly wil.i her con
dition as a balf-slar Slate; for lower Maryland
is cultivated by negroes, and has a uoguudiinf
agriculture, as well as a stationary population,
but upper Maryland is culiivsted Ly fre labor,
and has a thriving agriculture with a growiaj
llitss raaulls, loandea n tn oesi evidence.
and confirmed by general observation, ar for
substaar tadabiubly correct, snd cannot b
Now it ia admitted on all hands, that slave
labor A better adapted to agricaltare, thaa to
say other branch of industry; and that if nut
food for agriculture, it ia really good lor noi.i-
Therefore, sine ia agriculture, alav labor i
proved to b far leas productive thaa fre labor--Wacery
in demonttmted to he nmt oij
W. do not rosea that alav labor cau rit
eara anything for him that employs it. Ths
eostioa is between fie labor and ! labor
II that choose to employ a sort of labor, ih.t
yield only half aa mach to the hand as a-otker
sort weald yield, stakes a choice that is tut
only anprofitaUe, bat deeply injurious to h-
in teres t-
Agricullur ia Hm slave Slates may be .ritr-
aclerised ia general ty two epithets tiitnnn
exhautino which ia all agricultural cousiue
forebode two thiugs imjxttrrMJuiuiitii''f'-
Ut ion. Th general system of slave hoiking
farmers and planters, ia all times sad place, bis
been, aad now is, and ever will be, to cuiiiva:
mach lead, badly , for present gain ia short, tj
kUI the f ooee tiial lays th gulden egg- Ta-y
cannot do otherwise with laborers who work ky
compulsion, for tb benefit only of their ui al
ters; and who sole Interest ia tno matter i i
do as little and ta consume as much as po-a.-ble."
By way of illuatrating the truth of Uie Dor
tor's closing remarks we will her cell tha
tentioa of th reader to our "fixed fjcts,"
which w hav often had occasion to refer lo.
Total area of th aforesaid six slave
State in square mile. - - -Jll.fuO
Total area of the aforesaid seven free
SUtes ia square miles, - -
DuTerenc ia favor of alaj hu;s a
square miles, - - -
It ia hoped that our friend, who has wieUed
hi agricultural wand with aa air of so much
triumph aad self satisfaction, is now satisfied,
either that be has been honestly niistaknu, or,
that h baa be a mulish and bigoted, wear sot
For tho benefit of oar eld friend, Gea. U Jt
tlebam, vr will her stxt a fact or two and w
ToUl value of the butter and cheese
of Nw York. ... $lU,4S6.t'.l
Total valu of th cotton and ric
crop of South Carolina, - - C.llO.ri'ty
BuLince ia ssor of tntter mnd theete, 4,(55.6J"2
Total valae of th potato crop of K.
Yrk, - . - . . $7,530)3
Total vara ef the cottoa and ric
crop of South Carolina, - - 6,44tl,3JJ
Balance in fntor of fotti, - ILtK-t1
It is hoped that th. General is satisfied, that
th world ia not mad of cottoa CaTo.
aUws DUaealilr A apreMadrd.
Soma tim sine, tha eiiisauaof St. Croix
"lynched" aa Iadiaa of th Chippeway tribe.
Th Iadiaa ar vry much iucauaed sgaiast lh.
Wait, aad dittlcallie ar spprehsaded la coa
qace. The foliowiug wa tak. from th.
Prairie dm Chien Patriot:
Largs war bands of th Iodians ar eollsct
lagaa th St Croix, and measure of defrsc
ar bing taken. CapUia F.astmaa, of lb 1st
iafaatry, commanding Fort Saelliog, ha t.rasd
over to th na f th citix ef Su Creix. av
era! cannon, a quantity of ammunition, aud a
aambar of stand ef arm to b ased if aceea
A requisition ha been mad for 300 regular
troop, from JsOersoa Barrack., to proceed forth
with ta that district la repel any descent Ike la
dian. may make npon the whites. Jf. Louit
Sam Era, Cth fast
fill the vacancy occasioned by the resignation of
Mr. Hagby, who goes to Russia as miaister. Ml
King was the late minister of the United Statea
in Palis, and previous to that ws in the Senate
for msny yean.
jnstification of thi. astoalshiag contrast, Is, that
lh. alavaStat. ar devoted to agricaltare! Dam
th. rult at which wa have arrived, juatify thi
iaferane. True, thy are aagaged almost sx
elasivJy in agricultar, bat if thara b any
Cawtt ma Iwsjalrv.
Tha Washington crrepoad.t of th BaltU
more Saa saya ia his letter f th. Cth ia.t:
TV cart af iaqairy cam lo a deeisioa ea
3tardayjast; but th. President ha. not jrt al
lowed it to bo avada pa bile My opiaioa is tkst
Ga. Pdlow will be acquitted .f nearly, if not all
to charge mad agaiaax hint. If ho has aia
aad, other, are in th. mom predicament
Theeoart will shortly eoavaaa sgaia st Mar
ristawn. In th. cool mountains ef New JtnJ
ta try tha charge, preferred against Ga. Scotu
3a wa ft at hutory practically by degreea.