Newspaper Page Text
ixl m Mo
LOUISVILLE! KY.: SATURDAY, DECEMBER 1, 1849.
WHOLE NUMBER 129.
i - - JL I Li
; .... .
. " , "prove AM. things; hold past that wnicn IS GOOD."
.4Wtklr.o JefferwaSt., nt dcirbuteoe
to the Feel Office.
I . iti invtK'rl
TWO DOLLAR A-nti.,.-
SIX COVIKS FOFTK.N W)U.
For lh lamlaer
at..., !rl la Itaelf. aad Hea-Fellew
ah,p of lkM heUlag Ui te daly
ike Marietta . r. Ke. 4.
... . . . i . j ii
iv. ..giiu, tue prosperity ow w-n-uviuj,
J T the church require that sue snouid nave
in f.ll,-iurhin with slaverv.
... -v IVIIU " - - J
J j A distinguished philanthropist,
ia the Sju.q, was, not long since, charged
with dereliction of duty in not joining the
church, when he could discourse so elo-
niiftnilir about its duty and power. After
acknowledging in a meek, ard a very ap
propriate manner, his imperfections and
short comings, he replied: "1 tnx not
member of any church, nor can 1 be so
long as Vu churdtes fellowship slavery''
One of the coloorleurs trHvelln over
our State not long since found an elderly
lady who manifestly possessed marked in
tellnrence and piety. She had had a con
nection with the people of God ia her n t
tive laud England. On his enquiring to
what church she now belonged, she replied;
! belong to no one ia this coantry,
nor can 1, for they are all alaveholding
He, in comaiou with the writer and oth
ers, has fo md many of our beat citizens,
who say they "can have no connection with
churches iellowshipping slaveholders."
They feel that if the robbery of personal
ownership the dearest of all rights "the
sjai of all vdlanies" may be sanctioned
by the church, then she uiight as well throw
open the djor to all immoralities, and scoff
A cfturch that can gulp down one of the
greatest outrages upon humanity, they feel
to be ore than no church a delusion a
den of wolves, where the iambs of the
fljck are m danger of being devoured.
They feel that instead of the church being
that lovely Zton "lair as the moon, clear
as the sun, and terrible as an army of ban.
ncra she has become "a cage of unclean
birds," "a hold of every foul spirit," and
impotent because of her injustice and
tyranny an enemy to mankind, instead of
a friend. No wonder that some men are
crying "down with the churches;" and
christians, who, by their fellowship in ini
quity, are responsible for this occasion of
contempt. We want not tlie church de
stroyed, but we want the church purified,
esttblished on the principles of justice and
puri:y. Oh, christians! shall the bride
the lamb's wife have her robes bedewed
with the teirs of orphans, the briny sweat
of mothers, and stained with the blood of
ianoceul aieu! If she will soon cease
w v. i.i .-l wmcmA hw honest inen.
This leads us to couce,
V. The purity of public morals demands,
that the church should hae no fellowship
It is a fact well established, that in every
country the morals, the standard of right
and propriety, is as the reigning religion of
the land. If we go to Corinth in the days
of the C-sira, we find the religion of the
land sanctioning adultery and fornication.
Hence, licentiousness cf every form was
found with the people; scarcely a virtuous
man was known, and prostitution common
with thousands of the;i females. I f we look
at the religion of the Goths and Vandals,
the people conquering the Roiians, we
find tfceir religion sanctioning war, inutder
and suicide. Hence, we find the people
bloodthirsty, cruel, and revengeful, deeming
tbeee traits as virtues.
If we come to Turkey and look at the
Mohammedan religion, sanctioning sensu
ality, and leaching the doctrines of fate, we
find as a consequence, the people indolent,
trusting to fate, and wallowing in licen
tiousness. C. M. Clay, describing the condition of
the people in Mexico, saS: "The coirup
tions of" the churches have destroyed the
morals of the people." Morals are as the
And when we come to America, we find
the religion of the land so construed as to
aanction alaveholding. Hence, human be
ings, templet of the Holy Ghost, are con
verted into property. The husband torn
from the wife, the infant from the mother,
and sold into returnless bondage; and 110
more concern in society, apparently, than
if a cow, or hog had been aold. Human
rights are plundered, and human affections
are crushed with unblushing impunity.
And why! The church, the reigning re
ligion, is made to sanction the same deed.
I could point to cases abundant, of recent
occurrence, where professing christians
Methodists, Baptists, end Presbyterians
sell, tear asunder even the infant and moth
er of whom in our land, as done by chris
tians, the words of the poet become pain
Whea I leek my bed (of atraw) at Bight,
There ot thiag that meets my eight.
Bat telle me that my onl' delight.
My child Ugone.
I eiak to deep, and then I terra
Te hear again hia pertiagaereem,
I lUrt and wake 'ftabatadream
My child ia goat!
Cone till mf tofla and grief ere e'er.
And I shall reach that happy ahore,
Where jre motheracry no more
My child ia gone.
Also, as the church sanctioning in its
lava members fornication and adultery,
we mar expect to see the vice common in
alaveholding regions, among the people.
And as we advance to the fcoutn, wnere
elaveholdine is more common, and Bible
defenders of slavery more numerous.
find these vices more common with
A citizen of one of our inland towns,
who is a member of the Preabyterisnchurch
in good and regular standing, told the writer
that he did not believe there was a virtuous
vonn? man in the town: so reneral waa
the vice of licentiousness. Now his lan.
guage may have been correct, or it may
have been too strong. But it shows how
reneral, he believed, the vice to be. Now
the church is responsible lor tne existence
of these, and the many other vices grow
. ing out of slavery. For who does not ad
mit, that if all the churches excluded slave
ry, treated it tsan immorality, it would
ooa die. For then it would be regarded
as an immorality, and the be;ter part
the community would not practice it and
these, together with the chriutiaiis, could
soon vote it down.
Not only is the church responiible for
the phase of our public morals, but lor
many of tho unjust laws which we have
for the church forma on questions of right
public sentiment, and public sentiment law
Hence, w htn the Legislature of Niw York
was solici:ed to extend to colored people
the rich l of voting and of testimony, they
refuse to act. paying: Hit is useless for the
Legislature to act in the case, so long a
the churches kept up their distinctions and
partialities. Thus it is, that the uction ol
the church regulates and forms the public
sentiment and laws ol the land. Mie is
designed to be the light of the world, the
salt of tho earth. But if the light that is
in her be turned to darkness, how great is
that diirkness! That is. if the truth she
has is corrupted, society becomes corrupted
and souls are deceived by the false light,
and are led down to hell !
VI. Consistency requires that we have
co fellowship with slavery.
Seventy live years since, this nation de
clared liberty and the pursuit of happiness
to be the inalienable riht of mankind.
Fifteen of the States of the Union have
acted out the principle, and treated their
fellow beings as men. All over the south
ern States the question is being eg tated
shall man be allowed to enjoy his natural
rights?' 'shsll the oppressed go free?'
ens of thousands are rising up and saying;
my vote shall be cast for no man who is
not in favor of this reasonable requirement.
ea, many think it such an immorality
an act of such injustice to deprivo an un-
offend. ng man of his dearest rights liber-
ty, personal ownership that they ill not
vote for any man who is a slaveholder a
laveholder by choice and practice. I hey
deem such an act a great moral disqualifi
cation, and will not benow office on such
man. Vet, many of these same consci
entious christians will go and sit down
arojnd the communion nble, ever the
inblems of that broken body and elted
blood so freely given for all eni'jlenis of
tbat Saviour who taught his disciples that
one is your master, (Cbnst), and all ye
ere brethren' yet here will these persons
(commendable tn deed in many thing)
lace the very badge of diecipieerup upon
thoe whom they could not vote for for the
lowest otnee. les, they welcome and lei-
owahip persons who they say are roni-
uu'.ling crimes outrages upon their lei-
ow men, compared with which gambling
id counterfeiting and sheep-stealing are
nothing, 'lhus the world comes to the
conclusion that such are mere holy in their
politic than in their religion that they are
more particular about their temporal king
dom than Christ's kingdom about the go
vernment of the nation than the (govern
ment of God. Such persons will refuse
to vote for a slaveholder, not merely to
particularly in Congress their Gtneiai
Assembly of the nation, nut in the Utn-
ral assembly of the Church in the king
dom of righteousness, they will commune
or hold ecclesiastical connection w ith such.
Such meu cannot represent their interest
in the state of affairs, where dollars and
cent are concerned, but in the church,
where the purity of God's word and God's
house are concerned, where the interests
of the never-dying soul are at stake, here
such men are not only brothers cm equal
footing, but even "masters of ceremonies."
es, men whose moral character is such
that they would not vote for them es super-
isor of a county road, et, lor mn ol the
tame character, they will hold ex.lsiasti
Christian brother, does not the world re-
gard this as straining at a gnat and swal
lowing a camel) Can you expect the con
fidence of those around you, when you are
acting thus? This lead us to notice an
other reason why you should hav no fel-
owship with slavery.
r ( j !.
V 11. 1 our uaeiuiuces ucujaiiba it.
God has placed you here as a light to
direct others in the path of truth imd safety
a laborer in his vineyard, and to prune
it and fill it with branches of the truo vine
an ambassador on an important em-
basey: that of winning souls to Christ.
Now, your success in this work, with the
blessing of God, depends upon the confi
dence which other men have in you, your
udgment and purity. But when they see
VOO contradicting your oenei una your
teaching by your practice, they cannot have
confidence in your integrity. natever
icay be your inward desires to be careful
that you do no wrong, they see not; but
feel that you either love "im" your de-
nomination more than nghteojsness, or
that you regard your popularity and pleas-
ore more than you do the truth, the cause
of Christ, or else you are hypocritical in
An instance: A short time s:nce a oro-
ther was talking about the sin of slavery,
and the recreancy of christians ia regard to
it. The neighbor to whom the conversation
was directed, himself not a profeasing chus-
tiao. replied: "Mr. , your talk is good,
but vbur practice is bad. vv he he meant
a a m ewVi a
was. that his neicbl or regarded me relation
. . ... ... . .
as sinful, and yet fellow shiped it in the
church. .The i brother understiod him
felt the point of the rebuke, and replied:
"I have for months clearly seen that my
God cominsnde me not to eat with extor-
tioners, and I regard slave-holcling as the
worst form of extortion; and also, my God
commands me to come out from a xorrupt
church, oractisine this very sin, as Mystic
Babylon did. 1 have been trying to rouse one ja8t appeal at the foot of the throne be
the brethren to action, and have gone with -. annexation were placed before the peo-
a burdened conscience ever since to the
communion table. I will bear it no Ion-
gcr- If you are present next Sunday, you
shall see my actions consistent with my
words " When Sabbath came, he pub!
ly withdrew bore his testimony against
the ain. and anv fellowship wi'h it. backed
hv the woid of God. Now. ell whom we
hear spenk, not only say they believe the
man sincere, but also consisted. The wri-
i. nlinrMt evi.rv other man in our coun-
try, has heard slaveholders and their spolo-
oit eav. "such a course only is consistent
I in thoae who regard slavery an sinful.
m : m a a m.tA 'itK
i nm ivriLer waa uuwv vum -ivu w iia
. P s . . i.i
to labor with such, in order to ao wnat r.e
u r. Mm1 .f .i.tr.. a i firnt
ICOU1U UI Ills tcuiviBi v. v - -
be thought it enough to raise bis testimony
against slave-holding, and not hold alavea
himself. He next saw that, if slave - hold
mg waa sin, ha jougnt not 10 icceive siave-
holders into the church. That the church
is the place for those fleeing from their sins,
not those living in them. He next saw he
ought not to sit at the communion taoie
with those practising the sin, with such, I would understand why it was that Mr. Rob
"no, not to eat." This ia precisely the lertson was building ships now in American
condition of thousands now in the large
denominations of the land, only, when they
come to their General Assemblies or Gene
ral Conferences, then they plead their ec-
clesiaatical necessity, and, either individual.
Iv or bv representative, sit down and eat
break the emblems of that body of impar-
... . f
tial love with the extortioner, ana place
upon him the very badge of discipleship.
t he writer wa.1 arraigned ana censurea oe-
raiisa. in coniunction with his church, he
excluded from his communion those bold-
in kIbvcs. When he would attempt to
defend his position from the word of God,
he waa told that he should construe um
word of God according to the Constitution,
or standards of the church, and as the body
to which he belonged construed it : and
that these standards manifestly understood
the word of God as sanctioning slave-bold
ii... - .
n?. tie was tanner toiu. mat coTuuiencv
equired that he should not hold his con -
nection with such a body; that he ought to
on imd ioin one believin as he did. This
he deeply felt. Having embraced the ear -
est Dbu b e ODDortumties 0 twice Present-
. . m
nir to hia brethren, as far as he could, what
ie believed to be truth, and having been
brought to ee that ecclesiastical relation ia
a closer relation even thanUuit of commit.
nion around uu Lord's table for we com-
mi e with oth;r denominations, as Metho-
sts, Baptists, or Presbyterians, when we
will not hold ecclesiastical relauon with
them, and tl at a dissolution of ecclesias
tical lelatiun is what is really meant b
the Apostle, in tbat passage, when
:omiiianc!s us "with the extortioner, no,
not to vat; he then withdrew bis lellow-land
ship from suc h entirely. Not only come-1
outers, but slave-holders themselvee, say
this only is consistency.
Al.-o, out usefulness in other countries
is impaired by our fellowship of slavery.
. a i n .
A Missionary under the care ol tne taptit
Hoard, writing from Mergui, October 27, j stock ia the undertaking at 40 per cent dis
1S4(, says: I count, and could not now sell it st 60 per
Messes. Editors Will you, or some
of your valuable correspondent, tell me
how to meet the following objection, which
I have to meet wherever I go among the
wild Karens? "If we become disciples,
when you get a large number of us, you
mend to entice us away and make slaves
of us in your own country." This objec-
tion is often urged with as much seriousness
arid confidence as though they were actual,
ly acquainted with the system of American
slavery. Did these ignorant but stare-A.
tiny heaihens but know the slave holding
character of the American churches, would
the not say to our facee, hark, thou
h viwrite. back, and teach the heathen
f your own country, and give Mem tne
Bible before you come here to impese upon
r II I I .1 1 I . I I
us. l am luiiy persuaaea tnai uia uiey
know it, this would in substance be the Ian-
uage of mai y a wild Ksreu. I
Will wl the Karens become aoiuainted
with the history of American slavery! 1
see not how il can ossibly be avoided.
Some of their young men are learning
our language; becoming acquainted with
oar books, pnpers, 6rc. And when they
onoe begin to get the ides, they will not
cease their iniiKmuniiies until they know
its hisiory. And when it is once known,
it will spread like the wild-fira among the
people. Some Ume since, I noticed in a
public paper the following remark, as com-
ing from Bro. Kincaid: 'If the heathen
were aware cf the alave-holding character
of our churches, by whom the missionaries
areaentout, the usefulness of the mission-
ries would be at an end.' "
Other m-ssionary boards-our largest
boards-are planting in heathen countries
slave holdinr churche. : carrying to the
heathen that which if far worse than liquid
fire a goppe so construed, as to sanction
in the converu "the sum of all villainies."
.ei . by your act. and con-
nection. your are making the gospel of the
n n f iir hh u x i in iicniiieii.
- ...... U L,..LM
a stench in iw. ir no. ini, ana me niissioria-
. -i . -i j .t :
ry an object of ridicule and contempt.
.. JUI1W li. !..
A convention has iust closed its session
J at Toronto, which was called to deliberate
upon the proper moae oi relieving venaua,i
j on which occasion the following remarks,
made by one of the delegates, Mr. Gowan,
j shows on how slender a thread bangs the
tllegiancc or the Canadian people:
Gow ib, a.ter expressing his regret at
jjpg forced by this determination to move
an amendment to the whole of Mr. Gam-
le's resolutions, moved the first of the set
0f resolutions of which he had given notice
on Xhursdny morning. He declared that
9 was born and hoped to die a Briton; but
must not be concealed that annexation
wna maUinir rapid progress. It had become
'r i I -If ..
a quesuonoi pounos, snuunga, miu pcuo,
and it was England, not her faithful chil-
dren, who had put the question on mis
. . .1
basis: we are following her example who
should say we bad acted in an un-British
uMrj wor,t t0 Dronounce
and with htm,
ugh tho love of Britain might be thought
a prejudice, it had become a principle. He,
.h-refore. proposed, if this first resolution
were carrjed, that some gentlemen should
nm tn co home to England ana lay
pje 0f colony as the only remedy.
t wouid go to Lord Grey, and certainly
woa$ not threaten; but he would point to
roaj once travelled before. We would
Im of Franklin, and would tell
j jjm t0 coine t0 Canada; not to take his
I -.ir,;... (mm IorJ Elgin, but to visit the
LL,rv himself, and with his own eyes,
VV un J m
;U(ig8 of our present state. Suppose Lord
Grey landed at Halifax, what would be the
:.. :. ki InrHshin would see! The
pr0vinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick
n.na Breton. St. Johns, Newfoundland
l T .... m a
mnnA K on all sides of him. I hey pro-
I .-. -ii fah nnd timber, and Dis iora-
1 uulu ' . . .
n-ni,l.l he told he had allowed Amen
l a i : . ,u.iw rta ann
csn vessels to come tnw u
,rAn it.- aa readilv as their own vessels;
I I. auw . ..... v ,
I the fonnw Uading frtwn port to port round
I ft .
vape jtorn to oawornia, while the latter
- ra amble to n spt with full c "
"u ww.-o eingia pori oi
lordship would understand the t-
I lately made by Mr. Robertson, at Quebec:
"Would to God my thirty-three ships wers
l Amerii;an insieaa oi uriusn DOitoms. xia
I ports. Let iora urey then come to the
city represen'ed by that strong anti-annexa.
- 1 uonist, bis Iriend, Mr. Wilson. (Sir. VV a.
on said he was not a strong anti-annexa
I tionist.) Well, he (Mr. G.) could not con
Igratuiate Ms tnend, because he (Mr. (j.
m Wrong anu-annexationist himself.
l n..i :r t ir tii.,- i
uum uuru urey una wuuea ai iueoec a
I few dnya ago, he would have seen the
jiwiuuu unnwioirauoM wnicn were ran
mg place there. And here he (Mr. Gow
n) would say tbat Quebec had more than
any other ciiy to gain by annexation.
Cheap material and labor enabled her now
I o umiu riiipa jur Driiiarjmaraei; wnat
I would she do alter annexation had given
her the command of the American market.
in addition to tho one she now enjoyed?
Advancing to the eastern township. Lord
Grey would find land, on one side of a
L..L.i r.n. Alt:n cm oir.-id
iviwrwm lunm, Kuiufi tvl -ij urj
I .1 . i i r
1" v, wuiio me urupneior on ims siaeoi
I mo Ie couiaouiy oDiain jh or ia.
ler long advertisement. et tiere was
1 no moi economy nor industry on the one
lJ.il. tL. r K
aiuo lU0 e came uence in
I to Montreal, his lordship would see what
Il IL II-J -L- I t. LI
l"au uwucaueu uie igin iaroies anion-
lument of an act which he might compare
I to the mislortune or a friend whoa he once
w dying, after what was called m honor-
hle duel. He might mourn departed worth,
but cotild not lorget in bis grief the insult
wnicn rus men. naaaied to reverse.
Goir.g through the streets of the late Caiw
ital of British North America, his lordship
would see on every other house: "House to
Let" "Sheriffs' Sale" "BankriptSale,"
it ne imagined this state ol ttings was
only true of Lower Canada, and if he pro-
Iceeded to Upper Canada, his Ijordshtp
I would soon be seated in the cars of the only
I rail wfl7 yet made to connect the two sec-
I tions of the Province. There, too, he would
I t. all la. 1 1 . i
i learn mat men nad Deen glad to sell tneir
cent. If he went on board the steamer to
ascend the bt. Lawrence, the first place ol
stopping waa Preecott. and ita rotten walls
siooa on piaco wnicu, iwemy yeais su,
was nourishing ana prosperous, uuiiei
his Lordship crosa to Ugdensburs-s. and he
wouiu aee a cuuui, wuu -mm
gentleman present must oe too weu ac
quainuw. .rowing again w urvcu.c.
he would remark an excellent ourt Hour e
fine buildings, plank walks, and a macada-
misaa roaa; oai ne wouia oe es.eu m en
this, where was the farmer's wagon, the
duihatn boats, or batteaux, bringing goods
and taking them away, lie would be point
ed a ahip-yartL which foor years ego gave
icuipiu mcu iw uuuuin ivuimvg Dn-
en, he would be tokf.lhe proprietor ol that
..l.KllaliinAnl A l mr InniTilmniit Kir
ivomuu.mnvm ,v w on nuui.uuvui
your present policy you have driven his
workmen lo the adjoining States. On
ms ine jonnaiown uuuuer, large nuiuuers
of persons were engaged id the immoral
occupation of smuggling, and hta Lrordsfcip
would oe asKea. u tnese men must not pan
na wita reason, lor a state oi poiaicni ex-
isiencs, wnere mey couia noneauy gei e.i
tea atd their sugar as cheaply as they now
did by smuggling! Mr. Gowan then went
over me bibwj oi muiga wauauwque aim
hangeton, in a similar strain to the above,
But for the military establishments at King-
eton, said he now, as he heard, about to
be re moved to Toronto Kingston would
be no better off than PrescotU If his Lord-
ship went into a foundry there, he would
be told that American goods came into
rung4too tor ( I -' per cent., wnue uana,
an goods could noigo lo tne other s.ae
Pfy.cg w pe cent. uotx,u.g am. xur
Hope were truly beautiful places, but let
".P nier ulwe'. mit?Z "
7i J r ,k fnr ,1
Huce'.ftn? 1 ar u th at if they could
h , Ktlr
I li UU UllO OIUO fcaJVjF .va vua
. v .
mer had a surplus of JO bushels, thai
waa tax (I 15 per annum, which be
paid for the connection, i The Globe had
aaketl if the farmers were to sell their al-
Ipc. ianre for a few cents on a bushel of
whetit! He might ask if those who had
j nearly swung in 1837 for their deeds of
mat flay, were going to aci uwu r.iuv.-
I pies, for which they then risked their lives,
I merely to sustain those friends of theirs in
omc9! (Loua cneers.;
Now. coming to Toronto, Lord Grey
ould find the Glob who told as of what
we were going to lose to throw awsy by
Annexation. First, h mentioned "the em-
eraita from Europe the Isst argument
whiih could be used, if the arrivals at Que
bec were compared with those from New
York. Our own lellow-suDjecta oniy came
. ... .1.
Kr tn cr.ifca over there. 1 ben comes
our increasing revenue he ought to have
anil, our decreasing revenue and increas
ing taxation. Next, the Olobe spoke ol
our "excellent farms," and "fine ciues.'
Toronto was a fine city, and the only draw
hack on his feeling towards it, was its late
me:in pecuniary policy. Hut look at tne
fanna on Yonee street, and on this fine
citv. It was the Protective policy which
built them up. e reterrea not to tne ta,
he complained not of the present. Next,
f. e 1 a a! ,-
vheao Government. It is said to be
choaoerthan those oi tne unuea oiaieaj
and, of the men who conducted it, it was
da: enough to sav thst they were gooa, dui
they were compared to angels of light.
Motutitliatan rims- this comparative excel-
- - Q 1
lence, the Globe never yet heard of any
public man in the united states waising
into Congress and giving himself a post
with 1250 per year. (Loud cheers and
laughter.) If the Editor loves British con
nection, he must be sadly mistaken in the
course he was adopting to secure it. jLord
E'gin however, had suggestea nis reuieuy,
et-d had recommended forgetfulness of the
prst, and progress for the future. But now
did his Lordship and his Ministers proceed
hia oblivion! They took a man
frjm his (Mr. G.'s) district, and forced him
iv. Provincial Revenue for no other
vie w m w - . - j
service than for deserting hia country and
;inlnr rehels.Mr. Buell.) Mr. Gowan
tln went over some other acts of the Min
.l . I
try, which he thought showed anything
- -?!lirnes to forget; and then, re-
rk- j o ic;ji urejn. supposed visit, con -
tinued to say that it his Lordship were to
Blk the vain. f hnilrtlnw Uim ,n, wlor.
- - w w . vw .m.igwviN luau ui? nuif viumuvu w. un
outoi loronto Where the Seat 01 govern -
ment had. perhans for the moment" raised
ik. .i. - ... . . I
tne value he would be pointed to cap.
ital irretrievably lost by the proprietors ;
that if he were to ask respecting other oro-
i . "
perty, another class would point to the pre -
mium at which they boug'ht bank stock
"71 )Aacy, ana tne utacoum at
wnicn mat stock was now selling ; and
that the artizan would tell a simiSir tale
:..; tj- . .1
ii ma own way. ret, accoraing to the
Globe, the present policy of Great Britain
and the Provincial Government bad oro -
duced peace and happiness throughout the
Prmrm. P.,..- J . "i:
h. . - w - v
im, was a carriage every brass farthing a
....... w. uuii uuuiuik obtuiuiuK iu
gold eaele everv sose a swan ever
snanty a palace. London, Liverpool and
New York were nothing to the Canadian
. o J
cries and, for rick. ; w. beat Golcond.
and .alifornta. The Editor of this paper
and of the Pilot reminded him of two Eng.
I l O
ich .t.t.ri.M -.-. : . i j i
.voiiHiij, iiiuBueruv ixouinson. wno
might be likened to prosperity Brown.
whll. r ; d.:." " i, 'I
; ."V,.WI wu" wer
ror reciprocity Huakison. (Laahter.)
II' r a
us LiOrastiin. however, would nerhana ak
how it was that Mr. Globe charged 34 for
bis paper, while papers on the other side, I
with more reading matter, were sold for I
SI TfL- si.t ij . .i I
w.. a us uiooe wouia repiy uai me DOD-1
ulation on the other side was creater. But
th r.Mmk. r ..vi: :
... - uuiuwi vi uuiivauwiio wu, greater i
likewise; but the true difference consisted I
in thia thai, ik. mt.. .., rm I
.ou., Vuin o.uW,.B.7 u-Cl
wo. nuie to wxa mree papers, wnue Here I
they could scarcely take one a piece. Go-1
m m "
ng into a coach makers, too, in Canada, it
. - -.
would be found that carriages could be
brought from the other side and sold here
cheaper than those by our own makers.
hia state of things could not be endured,
and, while he would tell Lord Grey that
we knew our fathers at home would not be
bullied, yet he would also tell him that
their blood iu our veins would prevent us
.a. m ..
rorc allowing ourselves to be insulted. He
would tell Lord Grey that though Great
ritain had injured us, and, though he
ouia lane mat as the chastisement ot a
hild by its parent, yet that the child mijjht I
be chastised too severely. He would tell
un tnai we nau a amy to ourselves, our
. i ii. t i i
country, our children. He waa not nre. I
J. -l -L-1- r
paicu iu nssunie tne rcsponsioimy oi sepa-
ration let it tall on the briliah Govern-1
eient, on Parliament, whero it was due ;
but his first duty was to the countrv where
. . .... ' i,
lived, lia-oncluded bv movin? e re. I
oluiion to the effect, "That these Colonies
cannot continue in their present political
or commercial state.
Front iha Aufiata (We.) Afa.
The 4mly er the D erratic Party mm the
aehjrct larery la the Tertttertea.
I no etiwnr.it.et tj vuiim wi tne
Bav State, published at Lynn, Massachu-
setts, is the author of the folIcV.ng anicie:
The Question now comes up a"" it can
be Uken up without any fear of dicung
orlr nr char ffa rf uranl nf faith fi 8U. I
MIV 'J I " 'O ----- V' I
taimng nominations or raising new iasi& I
What is the duty of the Democratic party
on the subject of slavery in the Territoriesr
We answer it should " go where Demo. I they board at hotels for.$20 or $30 a Ure of aeeiag at na eioee hie flal wth a aw u
cratkfrinciplesleadr If It does not. it week, or boarding houses at $13. '-"irreV0'..
ceases to De tne uemocratic party, its ex-
istence in this State, and all the free States,
rtcrion 4 nnnn mirh a cminu. We An not
i. r . . . . I
w 8h to aee the democrats ol this Mate, or 1
the Democracy of the free States, airayed
":. .u. n' r .u. .!' ......
againil the democracy Ol the Slave atates, I
the Vorth arainst the South, or the East
aeainst the West. No section should bel
ntnirnnistical to anv other sections uvon
sectional grounds. We live under a Con-1
atitution that throws its broad shield of pro-1
lection ovrr the whole Union. Under that
Constitution and this glorious Union would I
we live and die. south Carolina has a
right to enjoy her own "peculiar insiitu-
lions" as well as Massachusetts ; but we
do not belieive that she has the rieht to
aIta and iniDrisou the citizens of other
States, not charged with any offence against
the I twa : or to carry her peculiar insiitu-
tions into territory belonging to the people I
of the Union, without their consent. The
nnwer to keep slavery out of the territories!
ia nne of the common powers conferred by
the Constitution upon Congress, and as
such has been exercised, the only ques-
lion U upon the expediency of doing so.
Does any Massachusetts Democrat believe
that slavery is a republican or democratie
in9ti;utionT Does he not rather believe that
it is a vioiauon oi tne apint oi our tree in-
siiiuuuua iu uuuao uuuwuiij! auu i
an offence acainst Heaven? Mr. Jefferson
thought so the great apostle of our faith
and the lounder oi our pouucai creea.
And vet the circumstances under which I
cl..r .Tints in thia rnuntrv are ao neculiar I
. . . , ....,; - :.,, ,
that there are many extenuating circum.
stances attending it. The slave States
have the worst of it. They need our rym-
. l i vv.,. . ; ,u.;.i
painy nnu uui mauij. "
niflf e. we should orooaoiy nave socuewnai
different views on the subject. Y e would
entice no slave to leave his master, or injure
S h.lir of his bead ; and we have no sym -
oathy for the man or party that would en
courage insurrection and bloodshed. Still,
slavery is an evil an enormous evil eve-
ryhody says so. oball wa increase this
- . a a t I
evil? ohall we extend the evil ot slavery,
by allowing it to be carried into territory
now free! But it is said that there is no I
need of legislation on the subject, for sla
... t .i
very will never be tolerated in the ternto -
riw we have acquired of Mexico. Then,
...:i.: An. ;n;,o in iKa al...
. ... .. .v. .i
legislation can ao no injury to ve
Suites, a ut slavery nas gone into tanior -
w e- t I . n 1 - r .
nia. and actual sales have taken place
ui, . .
tliere: hence the necessity 01 prohibition,
r l or. rannnt conceive bow anv man can
.l;m tn h a nmorL or anv Dartv to
claim to be a uemocrat, or any party to
be democratic, that does not exercise all
the powers which it has a right to exercise
wio jjuwv.o o
under tne oiuwiuuu, tueiaj H,BroBB'
As democratic, or as a nation extending the
r i . . f .
area Ol Slavery, wc aivuto i-v.aa r raut,
bombarding the city of Kome, to put down
republican institutions and the spirit of de-1 State ptiaoe. bis. Wilkee, I believe, wul n4 re
1 " r ceif- of ,,4 llMn reward ot trvd
mocracy wuicu uo uci.i uw ru.- w
atehliah. and JVOS tho first European peol
nla tn nroclaim. '
V" "Tr ... . . TT
The history oi aiavety ui tne uuitcut
States nesd not bo written. We know
I tbat Great Britain, wno taunts us witn
existence, forced it opon ns whea we were
colonies, and has now in hei own domin-
1 ions a white populstion, whose moral, pby -
I sical. noliticsl and social condition is even
I ... ik.n ... 1,;A nt
1 Slave Otates.
But will the free nermlaof this treat re -
publican Union countenance the extension
of what is admitted, on all hands, to be op.
Dosed to the letter arvl .nmt f our remihiL
1 1 t l
lean institutions? Nc-j-ihey will not. True
poficy, consistency josUce. human. 0
i u.potence, say iiu. AS Iemocrats, we
I cannot suffer slavery to be extended, with -
out nro vine recreant n all onr nrofe--9ia.
. .. . ... . .
and lalse to all the principles we have pro -
1 This we nnderatand be aubatantiulU
I the noaition taken hi- t' lm nnr.
.!. 'i . .in
ui juaaaacnuaei-B. j . nrmi. nein rnv
I If o
I lutions declare ODooution to the extension
of ! zl.r.. f,,lU T,
I - - -- J - w,
therefore, no necessity for Democrats uni-
I line with an ather nnrt ta arnmni;h
that ebject..-If--, U-UAU
I have been many timy should return to the
party wl-. Izm effected all the great
I T J O
i r r . . - .1 it-:
i iimua or i countrr since uia uu ua wu
I formed xrty to which strurzlinz hu-1
r. 1 . e . r r. .. l
Uiust lW iur reuei uolu uie lw.
I dens it bears, and security against the eo-1
croachmenta of a mr levnd enatocrairv and
I the powers of monooolv. which seek to I
build up the few to the injury of the many.
A union of all who tnterum these eiuU
a l i -ii
menu cannot ran to mate a partv uat wiu I
be invincible, and whsoe ultimate triumph I
: .v.-Q.... j v..: :n w I
wo wtaro anu inuvu wm w uwiatij
. - i
. a a . i i . r . w mm
receiTea 7 109 ia3t mail, irom Air. ioore, i
.. ....Mii. .. .a.. nt.j i7i..M.i. . a :.
c."'7 mypnu .
i iaut.wi;w. tk was auuiwm uf llicuu
in thia citv. and waa not desisrned for r ub. I
lication, but the interest which attaches to
any statements about the gold regions, com
ing from so authentic a source, we presume,
will excuse the liberty taken by he corres
pondent and ouraelveri in laying them be
fore our readers: iV. Y. Ace. rott.
Sas Fbajcisco Pobt OrricE, I
Sept. 22, 1649. (
"There is an immense amount of bus!-
n9 done here and it is increasing lapid-1
ly. I really believe that this city has dou-
kij l. i . .. - :
u,pu " u"U3es " atuce a wmwi I
the l.tD Aurut. It seems 10 me like a I
,... t- -. ..l.W. .k. ... I
- . . , ?. . I
can aee irom my ttoor ail tne new ouiia-
mgr going up the wharves b.ildin. andjatieatiooaeetDeUw De mrcty
the 300 vessels lying in the harbor. Every
day a score oi new noueee appear, as ui
thrown up in a niht. and yet half the pop.
ulation are still in tents, waiting for houses I
to come or to be finished. e have, I
suppose, twenty thousand people here, and
thousands are arriving every month. Most
have their eyes 00 the mines, but some, by
every arrival, fix themselver down here.
and finding mat waxes, which every work-
rine man nere ta auro w .f k. ....
make money fast enouiih. The common-
est laborer gets 9 a to s a day; carpen-
ters and joiners fla a day, and all kinds
of mechanics in proportion. Clerks in
StOTBS. C20O tO S300 la tOOath. Thia is
I . . i- I
' . j
P1 Pa7i UM pruaem man can tive nere, 1
Itf M nas a minJ to. and live well enough, I
I 1 I ft' 1 w L.
for U day. V ery few do it, because
1 am getuug my w ice ioni, i
am very much pleased with my position.
1 am in excellent health and spirits. Were
. . . . ...ij
1 or iu years voanger, t wouic
leave California it is the place, for all the
A .Vl .nf.rrri.n
-m r o
men can make fortunes aside
rold to be had for the digging.
I do most seriously aaeure you tfiat there
is no humbug in the gold. It is here, .and
in quantities that never can be exhausted
in our generation. Men who are hardy.
and can endure exposure, average 9X0 to
31.0 a gay and l saw a man irom ure.
jjon yesterdsy, who has himself dug out and
brought with him $ 20,000, to take home
to Oregon. He says there is enough left,
and he has eot all he wants. He had been
three months at work. This city is as or
derly as New York, and a great deal more
healthy. The climate is rather too cool, if
any thing. No thin clothes are ever need-
ed here. I must close
Yours truly. J. B. M
Rilioioh ih Mbxico A colporteur
from te interior of Mexico, says that largs
numbers purchase books. He aold over
50 worth in one day. Among the liberal
purchasers, was a Priest, who expressed his
regret that the whole or D Aubigne s History
was not puotisnea in panisn
a areas Reecei t'eaght.
Kaw Yob, Movemnet IS.
A neat deal of eiettement waa eaoaed hare
yeeteiUay by the aaeouecemeot that the maawhe
I Wataer, tq.,ia the mon of May laat. waa ia
i proof wae tnonght again! hua, and tseu arreaiwt
I and locaeu tip ia tne tomae. tne
tamed oat to be a man with oae arm, preaidaal
. mI nm.f Af . K. n In Pinint..iia In I nia lata
I and owaet of a farm worth tautv oc forty tho-
1 aand ilollara at stotu, l L, aaa aaapeetea tot
Uleusy J -real w vi ircu aa. a. "
fetter, hank note changer, and everything riae,
Attet he waa aeeared aad luaged la the Tom be.
hia houae at Aaloria waa ae arched, aad four wagoa
loads of plunder were removed and btooghl te the
eity. Arooag othei thiaga there weteeecaredtwo
large boaea of gold watches two ooxee eoDtaia
tag valuable watch wta, a tx eoaiaui log jew.
altera' oil. a boa of watch erratala. a aniait hoi
of dianooda andeneralda,a trnokof ailvrrplate,
a boa ot watch arxinia. and a vailely of othet
1 of MTMti depredatiooa. la
I outbuilding waa foand a large areas I
I Bttmbei of ateel diea fot dotbloooa.
tbiuga in the watch-making lute, evtaeniiy tne
aa osnce vi
(oc coining, a
I numnci of atael diea lot dot Dtoone. aouac. aaa
- f , forilllelin
- l w. . . a
1 not-e, fancy type fot mac rung letter, eaeoneat
aiuff fot etaamg Ink, ponohae lot srmxtoc oee,
I ..i nth.r .rtil.a af a mla( euua;ter.
Too mDCh DraiM Caanot be awarded te Mr.
I Wilkee fot the anaonev ia which he laid hi plana.
I -e way in which he carried them oai, and the tact
i ... . .aeMHi.j . btintinr Hue
I notoiiooa man before a eoart and )ary te aaewet
fot ia Crimea. Mr. Wtikea baa ia a poaeeaM
I u.iimony thai will convict the pnaoaet oa thtee
different chargee; Drat, atteroptiog to Uke Ku
I Wilkea'a Ufa; aeconUly, coo aletfeaiag gold rate;
I and thirdlv. alterina oae oc two dollar baak til la
---- ,.,-th- ,..,,,. .aniahmeiit .!
which, will eitend i about thirty year ia the
for wrwt of tio man. foe hie a
euraoeea. He will diatiibate it ankai thoee wbe
aaaiated him ia eanjlM his waU-matutad plan
I crCongreae neew at Waahlagton oa Mwtdty
woria, iu wuitu jwng cukc,K,,i""6lnddiag downwanla. Viewieg dieea-e er
1 oeftiHi An Tvaea.
I . eoerae ef the fail et wit, aays wJ
1 1 "fr 01 1 "T
j cam eaairy De eoee & waKtag aoete Soa
- ,wnce at Ue etdai ateae. er ae.ecuef ikmk
1 b, j'f V
I wncie i atia aaoal eee-ru el the eoaa
I oaon aoil wita eitet tica t uke a un
I "wl "a seiaJ aoiee fca tae bbt-o, a
I !T!T i!?. 'T .!B'- A1
hwi. uimi iivaiia, worn i m una IIB-U
j00 f tfrch.waea lut, utai;
f eaaace. Uke um np at jra."ar j uine mod p.a:e
1 w ouf WiJ s-y
1 " ata or vem5r. ux rroce yot
IS? ..'ci??y ?f V!- 1 T'r,u
uTk' AIM layi ulf lh.n wit H tr.f -. .
I Pw tare it eeder. where it will keep wa.i ealU
.ipmi Tie ume toe i.efliei 4peee aVDC.iart
i i. . ..
myvm WW ff.rifcH. " ll.lll W V W m
I hort time bfore ii ui n. Air mikui:
I tx Ue bti trait twee ia the eer, I
.u. ,l (.. !..-.. .-.
Lech aide ef the iiga qj t ls pe,&-ca
I ope ahoald beateatll -2 wchre Um. I it
I amsery eu too foal wita gnm er tc
re-1"1 mait-h wu
I IDlJll,tA I lt M LCt UM Vll
iin i nr.kf tt -iiii i !
apa tvt m u .j
iceite tne pen wttboat wianas lae Deis. i-m
. ac. Tttf m u w o Ul
the bark of ue pee aaa arntoie wui te eoaacui
I -" 1 eiweje uim tne io. ei
I tui 3 ine lea fiom my ra. take p ce .i.
I I T """BC 7 r
a.i u level Iiom oae to is oar. 'HNa wty
U f 9tJ r a
wcbe ot mote. Whea.vt I xts Ut
grow U 1 take away my pulce of tana, aee mjji
aiir roaad them lights? . try aooo 1 M oof
fDanuar, al which tinie I mil it wtil m tae tii.
takicc care to uim elf all amall liMhe taat st eet
from OI no-j. Bt pauu ts aoe
- .. --
niiea, i hae aever :i.e! u . a Dee rr.m 9 w
i x rm nirn rmm mm rr-ri ma Moi imi.
L-m tt - - .ft ih. im VeaT-Vih ai
INI WlLh flMl -f- 1
aee4 eo poet lo niki lhm now mot to ho lw
lo their place. tee eat of tea will trow if
keep thiara from reaoisc evef them. ae4 rr-i wel
ly nioety-niae oat of eae kuat;cU i: it a a
aoaahle time lor grafunc
Fro : Boaie C
Beici at Wor.eatr a f-w aro 1 waa a.ieJ
to etaaiiae the DombU Ping, itcttuy palealcl
y W. 0. Barlirti, q , ol tf.ai e.:y, aa4 :o eee
ita opatioa. 1: ie a very aimpie ; U mt
in fact, two ium pkoxta y-a4 kij.ar, ae.
like e wall-uaioed ycka of oiaa that wl tfo U ir
work wiihoat a tfnver. aeeme aa a no ia
aafieient Hleitireee to eetfctaa he ece w
oat much lahocoa the part wt the p vatmaa. Te
machinery by which th t pl-ia ecect-
" u T JIT.'
i w . - - -
ful axricuitaiai opeiaii-. kua4tMtM
corn had beea nueU the past uaer, ao wtc3
tboaib est aloey. bad rauta Arai-w4 mmrtmc
of plaio an4 valley. The plough w.-e ra-ay
iMti. teamofoim. aiiaeced oee nu,
! into ue preper poaiuoa M aoouer. ne tani
ceaecmUy by the aide ef hie teaea. TYe . the
tent,ired aif apto keep u corua:eoeeu
If any ooa ehovM bae aetiMua or rt. .a
writea lec.ote oa the poetry of aafcaatfry e'. h.n
firat go Iu Mr. Birtiett'a farm, wtm t m ret
loapuauon rrom the coqdi pionta. 11 :nn w.
dom from varioaa imprueaeeia wach a. Oere
I think liiat mo oae who fcaa eee ue openuoa
ef thia plough ea.i for a Bonwat eoeia ifwt-
fwirv over thr o hec metrmneet Utat haa -
iaaico lot uuui gi m i i - .
may tjaire i&or draught :taa ec tcg e
plough. (Uiough I am euteartaie of L tar.) ;.t tl it
abeold, th i)-uretaeet re uaweaa.y eta
anced Cry the amouat ol wo it pr'ore k i: r-
qaura no aaeotnmon eegacity ia a trrai pr-
eeie thalhe ie ia aa lr pacta e ger
can pviioiib ta a au oa we imk k.ai ; u t-
eenpirj two ot three. Tar ia ao oom
. - . . . ' . . . .
that a gooi team, either i m k
.."u.?.. ' ,, k.
la uu? ata-
plongtuaaa would ka tae ?'
atmght aa if draw vf a atnot
J. T. B.
reae Tree aa4 Ftee Bdcht.
1 hive within the laat few year aaiy ai
my moat eaiaawe peat u br iMtM.
"a1 "-eoameacipg at ue reii.
much like hrdeehebta. iaentasie. t have :e.t
liberty to try aa kavle et eipnaai aaj mi
preeent indicaUona. 1 am aaed Uat I aeve -covered
1 have a peat Ut ia ay gardes aew 4 ran
newahool frcm every bcacch tungfe a S .fc a
black aad dead aa it eaa well he. Ike tree atva
ed dead la every limb; whea I &rat daerJ Ue
leavee ctangiag aad ttuit wuhenag, 1 at te
plied wiiil had appeared anecveaibi lie year pvw
vioaa. laay eMaf." becauee othet rvaaevii-a
had been seed, and it waa aarria win a wetk
realapei6e. the a?pucai a wae ae jw: 1
removed the einn auut ua note a-ai te .
aa deep ae I coal J eonveeieoll-v, ieak4 aa oavi.
tanael aroued the bee, ial0 w&jcl 1 posted o-ir
qaarva of boiling water; aeeoua ae tae wa;et h-i
disappeared, I emptied a oan o.i-caa ef waa e
I epoa the eipoeea aaa iee-aiog mow, ana ww
aDoa the bed of the tree, the eeal day 1 avra
ged the wrnoi tree with oU-eoaa water, ve-y ejoeg.
Sbortlv after, 1 diacoveie4 a new bark kraai
under taa black. deed bark ataade.aaa aoa
tree ia Mwit y aeua oauy.
My iir pteeaioa e that ue teal epeci&e ie U.
whale oil, bat aa 1 had aaed the Nniieg vim m
both etpecimeata. It aaoaia e nieatMMd ae a
eoaconutaat, aad it may be foaa 1 et:al ta a
cure. The tree apoa watch I U aaaae r
ady laat year wae not aa anaet eJ. aai baa
ing cat off the flack part. I had aa ppor a.rv ta
diecovet the effect apoa the dteeeeed aaa. rta
tree revived at once, aad haa amce evce4 a
aymptone of die J. W. f.
Sraea aoa Crmae Gaj. A writer oa te
cieaiiie principlea tnvoived ia Ue proevaa aT
hiymakiog, la. a dowa the fo.!owag iee: U
Grate moot be tally developed &' a ia aaoea;
if aot. It will be found ia ua early eiegee to eta-
wch water mum reduced, ee eryaig.
into ao email a cotnpaae, taat it wui ia ifteaiity
h dtaeppoiat taa haymahet. X. U 4
aot be perauued a land aat ua et era
fonaed, maca leea tip. AU pieasa ia am Tag
et matartty have taau etaich aad eager aad gaa
ia large aaatitiea coaverled mio wwxi? t!m
a wiee ptoviatea of frovideace toe eaete -he
tleoi to beat Ue matoted cade aad ae aeg w.
gum aad atatch. are aatnuve eleaieata. a ie ie
airable Ihat Ueee ahoald be pveeerved, ai heuca
Ue poait for auceeerul greaa-eannj iu Sw
tweea the fail deeopeat ef Ue pal aad 9m
fore Ue formeuoa of taeu aeawa. a ae.er w ab
whea they ere ia Cowec.
The proper dr?g aad aiorreg at aty ascai
ba ettiotly aneaoad to. If M at pat ay with
too aach motatare ia it. Ue :a"matauoa a
violeat Uat the hay ia greatly ia,ued ia aaa. i.
and aaay be more at leea aoaaaaai m. Butkayiaay
ke made to dry; Wf lAoagh a vtaiaat fervaeatauaa
ia to be avoided, a alight oae ia ed a-.ea
eery to the full deveiopcaeat ef Ue beet laue
oi' the grace; aa Uac a huie ifoaba Uu U m lb
viaoae fermeautioa of Ua aachanae mattrt mt
Ue bey which tender a palatable to i
Sorra Dowa aaa Laiccma Saiar. -Te tww
moat prpaiai breeda ef abeep ia Eaglaad are auath
Dow a aad Leiceatara. CH lliea l.aaapet4
fanaac nad bteeder. auggvau to the Caaaea. er te
Boyal AgiicaHoral Society. Ue peopoery ef fee
ing e pt ia fX aheep produced by a aiuaa mi laeee
Ireedak lie aeaa the following aiarnDeiia ia t ae-as
of Ue propoeitioa: "The Sioutlk Doae da
eome to um.ieat waigat ar eaacaaa ta proferuca
to th eaaatity and vaiaa af U foa4 ojaaiaaad.
tod Ue Leicester So aat petrdaea aaaaaeat
q-iantity of lean meat to Ue fat. By aa ai.mntiif
of Ue two breed by patuag a pea Brad boath
Dowa na to piue-ored Lniceatet ewe, I aa ia
the apace of ail year. eeuhin4 a breed Uat I
find leld a betur vrofit ia feeding Una euhee tea
outit Do waa ee Laiceetera. The a.arva ia aa
fine aa cea be eaten, aad Ue Beece are of a re lev
value Uaa eilher SoaU Do wae oa j
Wtnistioii Arraa ToMArxa ixoC Taraet
writiag to Ua Uorticaltariat. aaye "ity aiee
maiowa planted akxt tamamaa taj grow- two
aeaaoaa before, arc af twice Ue a-e aad v goi mt
growth of Uioee gtow ia Ue earae way aad aa
Ue aaa aoil, aid by aioa." U aaie, "h iua
a gaaatal teeviIU",
. : i