' . ' ' . ....
" PROVE ALL THINGS ; HOLD
THAT WHICH IS GOOD.
- - f. .. t J.iaraut ou
.WML'. IN ADVANCE,
TWO J-". DOLLARS.
m a n n
For lt KLralBr.
i shir r
Cvnclmdtd from Ut HVi J
VIII lulu vie hotild have no fellow
l.u.. tii the church is the I
last, and the strong hold of slavery. Chris-1
t nm every christian who has ecclesi- j
;.h Uvi.pv is reduonsi-1
it iv uw m.w.. - - I
-" -t i y nf 8iaverv in the land, in I
i i :n Panjil Mohammedan, I
. . . i
and heathen eountiies, the people are rising
up in the ot true magnanimity anu
proclaiming libeity to the captive. Ia our
own country, more than seventy five yt aru
nre ihd stiies:iieii of our nation aa tl.iy
nrfurled to the world our political faith.
declared liberty u be an unalienable right.
i . I
i.L.-.k.. .-... u-rnnir line hall Oil
ihe States of our confederacy
UaVe DV jaW I
evcluded it from their territory. And now,
ihrmii?hout the South, statesmen, politici
ans, and political economists are declaring
slavery au evil, a sore upuu um wu t.i.
Uc a deadly Uas, casting iu poisonous
exhalations upon all that is lovely and ex
cellent. And now, when driven from every
UM tha criminal of olden lime, it finds
I l o'd upon the horns of the altar.
laying II I ...
i a 1,,- a nmn.t,r conceived bv avarice
auu i4v. v, . . , I
ana uroutm - v
. . i. f.iVi li- ft'rjinnf u-ith Inf I
1 1 --L.. f ,. InA fnr ii Iium! I
v r... ,i .;!, ;o,.jMllamone the ministers most popular in the
the tears o y j.,., anA ,h mver.
ueiiia in iiiuiiv. ..- . - - 1
. r 1 .U.-J. f.nA uVS for lt I
ea iiacuiuiu wi ..-.. .
WOrK, II ak9 O ' p I
, 1 r .1. ....... .1 !,. allar trt I
throw ovi.-r it the mantle ot pauiarcnai
usa.:e and Bible aanctity.
The work of infamy has been done by
those who will have "flesh to roast for the
pricu'and "will lake it by force."
I Sim. 2: 15, 16. All ihe large denom
instions of the land have them. As speci-
u...Ui;ini fllrf 5vhiwh. It is
U1CI1I-1 iooujifnf V - '
-.11 knoivn that that body, in General
Assembly, met ia
. r -
1845, ind resolved tr i
slavery is not sinful, and iu practice no bar
to communion. fce neport of the
mitte. This has been the settled polic.
that body ever since. A D. D., and one
of the moderators of the Assembly, in his
pamphlet on the subject of slavery, says
"According to the Bible, a man may stand
in the relation of a master and hold slaves
and yet be a fair and reputable, and con
sistent professor of the religion of the Bi
ble." That the Hebrews held servants as
perpetual property and transmitted them to
their children that Oneeimue was a slave,
Pnilemon a slaveholder, and Paul recog
nised Philemon's right to his alave by send
ing the slive back to him.
I know the case of another minister in
the same church, and in our State, ho,
that he m;ght take another man's wife from
bim. ( which voman he claimed as his
slave, and said to be so white that she was
freckled,) hastened from house to houe on
Sabbath morning to hire the sons of Pres
byterian elders to go forthwith and hunt his
n: and heme reproved by a
fL. v.ku.L t..
meu 13 0 ana a-secraie vue uiuujui, hc
replied- "Msdam, it is the preachei's ni2-
ITius. not only a siavenoiaer ana
a slavebreeder. but a "preacher
to da these th.ngs, and to desecrate the Sab
bath. And yet, that man was, and is a
preacher in good and regular standing in
That there are aome excellent spirits in
that body, who, in our State are pleading
the cause of freedom, is true; but tbey ha ve
the inconsistency of fellowshiping euch in
inuitiea. and are therebv "Dartakers in the
1 . a
New School. This body, in their Gen
.i -A f th.rMnnnnih.Ui
of definite action by referring the subject
down to the Presbyteries and Synods
of the smaller judicatories said: "Resolved,
aa the Great Head of the Church has re
I L. ...Tofin nC rmcfor an1 aliavii
:.ni-lA.i. k.i;M. th.t alvri
not a ain against God." On ihe floor of
.k,. , r.pnrl Assemblv. a member bold-
ly declared lhat he had "bought a slave wo
man. and had paid for her in preachine."
True, most, if n all the individual
churchea in the free States, hold no slaves,
k... Kar .v.;, iMiAstiral mnner.tion
"y.u':; .. "Tk.
their cooperation, austain the effrontery and
practice of men who are slaveholders, slave-
practice OI men wno are aiaveuuiueia, bioc-
Lreeders, and slavetraders.
The Methodists South. This body, ,t
J. wll known, seceded from the North on
.k. ,.,.n nl nnltllmf ih.Jr IsitV m S ht
hold their ulaves. but also lhat their Bishops
IUV i Uwiiui aVB wssij ri I
km J f van la aT. iW wv r t a t m mrmg rkl m v,t- tUmf fKj.rland of Kevelation. J he law of nature
ahould be nothing in the resviction of their
members, that looked like censure tor
laveholding; and we can now not only
point to instances where the members hold
slaves, but boldly traffic in them, severing
even the mother and the tender infant.
The Church North, or Methodist Epis-
copal Church. This body, it is well known,
made no ellort to secure tne separation, i liberty, lie says, aunougn inn aci wasiDUtnot conquered, we nave Dareiy uc
that she might be free from alavery, and done by sanction of human law, "I indeed I gun. If you are scared at our little effort,
Las in her territory "several siaye ataiea,
with forty thousand slaveholders and twenty. I
seven thousand slaves." Pillslury. And
a... . . . ... !
snsnui take more ll she can get mem is
trying. Dr. Fisk, a prominent divine in
that church, savs: "Th relation of master
. . .i
and slave may, and does in many cai,j
exist under such circumstances as frees the
master from the iust charge and guilt of im-1
Bishop Heading, one of the bishops in
that body, aaya: "The right to hold a slave
is founded on tiiis rule: 'Therefore, all
thing whatsoever ve would men ehould do
to yon, do ye even to to them; for, this is
the law and the nroubeta " This is the
w - . . ...I
teaching of men in high places, and this
teaching flows down over thousands below
.1 T. . ,, , .... .1 I
mem. . ii ia weu uowo mai ine cnurco
North la as really slsvehol Jing aa the church
South, though not to the tame amount
out win late now all the slaveholders ahe
Dr. Fuller, a prominent Baptist divine,
i bis discussion witli Dr, Way land, main
tained that slavery is not einful, but sane -
honed by Christ and bis Apostles; and tells
we wona now bis drove of slaves will
tonoie about turn, shocking: that a mm.
r at . .. .
ister of the meek and lowly Jams, should
. tkl. 1 i i i i
'""5i suu iu una jaiHj, gurj ju uc -
inr a ivrant a aesoot. noiainr huraan lie
w . j w Q
vea. Ins own brethren, and nm in
the church, a property. All over the land
we nave our v alters and buck; aad w.th
ihe exception of one, the large iiiaan, as tar
as we knovp, are defending slavery fissar.c
oned by the Bible.
uoned by Hie liible.
Reformed Baptisu. In this body Janes
Shannon, Prestdei.t of Bacon College,
nM quite emiiienl. lu bis pamphiet
,k- i, .c i I :
-,ucu w piiuvviijr ui uuubu nan-
i i . ..ii
lc:B . m nuunmj lacaciuiiii
io happiness, and that alavery promotes
happiness by leaching humility to the clave.
(Uuforiunu.ely the poor matter u left with
out any provision for his happiness.) peak
mi of ihe ordinance of the Passover, he
aayi: "God engraved his approbation of
Jomestic slavery on that also." Atd,
Tl. i a . . .1 T I, f . U . I . . m n Vi I j a oun.l.a
uiu- miu veuvibu niciwiiuo un .uuiv.'u-
ii.-krt lrk..a.tt. ili.inrti 1. innArniralinn I
ilvu UVIIItflUI. Sid. CI J , VJ IIII.UI l-VlOilll I
- - I .1 I ! - f . l l
it wiui ine jewisn religion. Again, ne
says: "I hatdly know which ia most en-J
accountable the profound ignorance of the
Bible, or the sublimity of cool impudence
and infidelity, manilested by lhoe who
profess to be christians, and ytl dart affirm
tftat the look of God gives no sanction to
These area few. out of hundredaof ex.
amples m'glt t adduced, ahowing that
ik. xlmri'k ik. .imn IaI, ik. iL I
r"" vuu... MV..6
'viivc ui blbvciii auu iub w w iuiuidh it i
n f .,!-... A ,i . U . ... . mim.ii.t. I
WHO are mil panneiinir IO UpOV.aill wo
... . .1. .. . I
churches. And these men lire not otly
SUSiaillOU lJ lUO tllUIUIlO. UUI UiCII Ullt'
, , , . .1
:,l... ..i:..ll. ..:..) J
lIIICO OIC Clllici uistliwill Ulimvui auu
. VV'a li.u
PUI COU VI kCIV. I kl J tAIIIVClliCU Hit " V. Dll ,1
then, the churches are responiible for (he
existence of slavery. We have already
seen that the churche--Uie reigning reli-
gion, shapes the public aentiicent of right I
and wronr the morals, and even the law I
of the land. These are in all countries as
the religion. 1 he churches we reiwat, are
li. it .11
hh Iast and.lhe 'trtn ho!a
but that if the churchea of the United
States were unanimously to condemn slave
ry as a sin against God and man, txd tieat
t as such, it would not live in our country
Doubtless God is grieved that hm church
hould be the last retreat, acd the strong
hold of the worst extortion the most de
grading tyranny that exists under the sun
the home of w hat Wesley styled nhe sum
of all villianif." Is it r:ot lime that the
?tnrtuary should be cleansed?
Again wc should have no fellowship
with slavery, because we thereby become
nartakerr in the guilty puisuitof laveho!d-
ing, and sharers in the future consequen
This d.ictrine is recognized of God in
one of the texts we have quoted; "Come
out of her my people, that ye be not psrta-
ken of her sins, and that ve receive not ol
her nlaeues." God holda every man and
woman responsible lor the wrong doing oi
..... i e
the association of which tbey are f. com
ponent part. Reader, if you weru a mem
ber ol a company ot pirate?, u it
I ...... I. i . n .u. tn .tun rrt thai I nl Ann
kern tha deoot the i risou in which the
--r . . , , .ineiween cuiaiicipa.iuu nu owmiun, wuj
unhappy vicuna were mcaceraled, tiid I pr0.gavery editors, speakers, and private
ji"" - ' t " ,. .
P"7 ouu fv" - """ " ,
by your means and pretence sustnining the
company, would you not feel that you were
equally guilty with those engaged in the
actual ae.zuie oi tne capuves: guiuy oi
- - r i i ! fl
all the tears aneu, we groana exioneo, ana
the blood spilt in the inhuman enterprise?
ISow me cnurcn members are ire Keepers
. . -i i
OI mai prison, sun.c, o. wc nam '.
. , . -
ihe church forms the public sentiment, and
thereby tne laws on suojeci, ana oy me.r
cta not only austain tne iniamy, dui op
po those who make effort lo destroy it.
church membeiH do the work of I
actual seizure that of kidnapping seiz-
ing human oeings ana convening mem imo
chatels. i.Ke me urajon ocscr.oeu in me
Apocalyre, they follow the woman Ull
delivered of her child, then po jnce upon
it. tear it from the mother, and convert it
into their properiy, aespouoa oi every rigni
TU a . m rnittri alAAhmv Lnanaa imrir rhi iti I
.. u.a.i --....6, .
,S oy naiure ,rcc. ne wme cona.uer-
t.AMa. lkiK rvrrtvaw that m tirliitA r s raH I
LlUIisl wvillU fiuw vuu b niiiw ut aww
child has a right io liberty, prove mat a
blackchildhaaa right to liberty. Our
declaration of inde)ender.ce djclares the
fac- .Ao 4,118 of 'he pnnc.ples ol
. . , i ii - I
oat consutut.onal compact, aa declared, is
io secure per, u.y lo u.e uie,..uC.,
pi w govciumcu. uiumhijc soys.
I . I . L II L . I J r
' O ISW BHOUIU LtJ OOCVCU IB Ol Bllj
- . . i .
lotct which contravene. i tne law oi nature
lees every human being free.
The slaveholder then who reizes the
child and converts ii into a slave, ia guilty
of rnanatesling. l he sanction ol wicked,
human laws, altera not right an J wrong
alters not the character of the deed. The
human enacunenu of Egypt, and Ishmael,
made it not right to deprive Joseph of his
was stolen: to is every cnua ana man,
deprived of personal ownertihi p. Then
the churches have io their fellowship those I
. ..t i . ll
who commit me actual worn oi mansteai -
mg. And the other members, though not I
ihemselvea directly doing tho deed, give!
... . . . .
their fellowship and tacit consent to the act
I of the man who coos the deeo. They up -
hold their fellowship with tho perpetrator
I .1 J 1 .J iU..k- ii...i:. u..
iu IUB uwwi auu wr uicicvji iiicabiia ivu -
i - - . . i
sistent with a fair profession of religion,
Now whi does not see that sue b persons are
partaker in the sin. Yea, ron-sJavehold-
ing brother. God savs in the text. ( unlee
you "cotoe out ) you are parakera of their
sins. And the tears of orphans, the croans
. ' .-..!
of toil worn fatherland mothers, with the
darkneaH that enshrouds their minds, and
I .1 .L-.!L-- J -II..S- I.
i tna vicen mai cnain ana poiuue uieir suuia,
are laid op in God's book of reckoning,
I and will be poured out aa vials ot but wratt I We aak his attention to seven arguments,
tt j , 'r -.--.". .. k - I . a... ;j .i . j:.:m:iaHt
Tr'--!'ft----"-.,TV..!tap,,.,:,r....;,V . v.
fellowship to slaveholders, are you Actio;
I right towards the poor slave! Are yr
i loving your neighbor as yoursell. Yvo.-
I Would you have him act so towards you!
- 1 if vou were in bonds.
1 - Yea, more, are yoa acting right toward
Christ. At the judgment day he will any
I to vou "I was an buneered. ana ye cave
I . "
I me no meat. I was a stranger, and ye
I took me not in: naked, and ye clothed me
I .... - i a ..a. -.-j
1 nui; aicn ana in prison, ana y vwuea mc
I not? .neither tw mir nrson vour vau:
i . . y j y - -
Inrir innr mffiianra- in rhiinh or state.
I "Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlast
I inr hre, prepared for the devil an i bia an
I gel; inasmucti as ye did it not unto the
I least of one of these u y brethren, ye did it
Inot to me. Now, dear reader, suppose
Inot to me. Now. dear reader, suppose
Christ, your Saviour, was slave in yonder
J prison, merely because he wanted to be a
i ...... o... U .U.
wh uui oiaic, wiiu m-ci.Bo vj picw.u mc
i guspri ui nnai, uiu ni tun tiuiio wu
i . r . . it:., i.. ..
that above named. He was a meek, hum.
hie follower ol Lhriat a mulatto man;)
, suppose be was then huiigrv, weary and
taint, would you not act. And in addition
I io this, suppose he was bought and sold as
a chattel to men, who drove him to unie-
'jittd toil, would you not feel that you
Imiirht tn rilu Vif.. vrk Uftllf natlltt I All,
w ioi .vui , vu.
IfiflllAnAA ftnain.l filiVi inill.tll An1 AfnrAI
.viv ..vu uunic. ouv ll IHJUivu vjibB-
! 1 ..I . I.. . L ..
wn: u you uo not nius acv lor vne poor
slave his representative he will say to
you at that last day, incsmuch as ye did ill
not to one of the least of these my brethren,
lye did it not to me. Christian brother,
you cannot refuse to come out of fellowship
from such iniquity without incurring guilt
Once more: Do you not now doubt at
least the propriety of eaUng in fellowship
with extortioners, with alaveholders? Be
lirnf with vnnratr fnr vnn Irnvii nn !nlfr.
pl in nnrivinff viMira..!! BPArinv Annvipnm I
v.( . iW. . vo.ii v.i w..vi...wf
. , : .1 r il
ui wming a ucm cm iv m WBiiiiui, nu- I
wer, do you? Then heir what God says:
"He that doubteth, is damned (condemned)
1. ...,i " U'k.i nil.,i.uk...i.ik mi
w.uj; ..uvauov u ""'IBCIIOU13, WUUIU liui lliwoc 011113 un OMUIR
nfnr irllk fullk' l.r uk.luuiwr ia nnt nf
V v . .vt, ....un. . j i
faith it lin " Rnmana M 23 If I'nn I
-1 - -' ..v. - . - y I
are even doubting the propriety of vour
course, you are committing in in living so.
Ivvould you not eat with a clearer con-
science if you were in a church where you
would have no connection with the iniquity
in any form. If so, do not trifle with con-
science. God may ermit delusion, that
you may believe a lie, that you may be
dunned. See 2d The., 2; 11, 12.
JOHN G. FEE.
Fur iho Kxuuluar.
EnaB1piia mm UImIuiIm.
We have alwavs been particular and
guarded, to connect Colonization with
Emancipation; as the intellects of some
pro slavery caen are so dull of comprehen
sion, that they can ee no aisiincuon rx-
tween emancipation and abolition ! be
tween setting a hlave free in an hour, in
vesting him with all the liberty, immunity
and privileges of a white man; to voU,
bear witness against a white man, and even
marry our daughters, which is abolition,
and gradually to prepare the slave for lib-
.. ii- -i-r.i i i
erty, and then scr.d mm to nis taincr-iaua.
To set the negrws free among ns. invest
them with equal privileges, we abhor as
n uch as any pro-slavery man. 1 he pre
judice between the white and colored races
vill not auniu it; una u wuuiu noi ue tor
tieir mutual happiness. Practical aboli
l.on wou'd be woise than slavery. We
can hardly keep them in order as it is; if
freed among us, it would be far worse.
But when there is such a vast difference
. . -..: i .wi:.:.. ...u
gentlemen coniouca me suoject: is it in-
u lligent? Is it politic! Is it telling the
truth, to call a gentleman an odious name,
when he abhors the word and holds no
principle embraced in ita meaning?
e at a not asking lor "quarter, or yet
do for ourMiVMt d eprecate this billing
style, knowing that such invective and
. ,;, nrftllUt. ,h- ntllM
'"UR "... r -- "
. nn(1 j.. th rflll(U, ,h mk
iuu.w. - ., -
..,.,. m,.r , mnnnrrh cusp, h m tnn
lflen l0 fo , himself in gpeakig,0 white
n he dogmatic, imperious style that
is common in addressing staves.
We prefer a fair discussion. An honest,
n.ttnltf loKntfir will nnl ftll!vmi a nam
. J ,l0t attach, or accuse vou of an
mt ho,d Th(j Emanc5
ky have discussed this
Dubiect calmly and dispassionately. Notso
with the pro slavery menaa a party. I hey
a - " -
when ent fftUed to convince the ,.eo-
. King Alcohol was called to their aid in
he ,Mt eIeclion flnd certainly his majesty's
.... . f
presence did tell largely at the ballot-box.
A righteous cause, "supported by scrip'
lure, one would think would not call in
such an auxiliary. Whiskey is said to be
i.- r.i j -ia uu..
mignty engine oi me aevu. vvnai is
differenceT Why not consult the
, M usetljJ forQlerT
But we will dismiss this irony, by assert-
. . I 1 l .. L I..
ing a tact: u it naa not ueen lor wnisKv
and slander, several emancipation candi
dates would have been elected in Ken
Well may our opponents boast, that we
have been "utterly defeated. Well may
they exult and triumph, and try to incorpo-
J r&te perpetualism and aristocracy in the
I Dew constitution! But we say to such of
our friends and fellow-citiaens : Thesa are
j &t portents of your cause. We are whlpt.
i where will vou be when our cause, une
I Samvson. shall be in the maturity of its
guength. Vou may laugh us to acorn and
.. ....ll L
1 treat ua with contempt; dui reaur sucn a
court,e, like the storm, only hurries the snip
I After these remarks, for which there ia
1 cause, we will proceed to examine the care
of Abraham, and Bee if, by comparison or
i .1 . fi. ir. i.tvtfa k mmr'tfun
i nnuKncdlllcIt io im,ww iuoui..iuvii.m
slavery, or slavery as it exists in our slave
States? Though this course has not been
go extensively done by public debatora and
writers: vet bv quoting scripture, and giv-
jing u an improper gloss, the siavenoiaer
I makes his own application to slavery', aa it
. w T . l l.
I exists among us, when servitude with the
I Jews was entirely dissimilar to American
I 1 . I '
I If the render, lovea and seeks the truth
i Duild up a
1 tVta I
inr to all naL.
I Here fallows u calling at
J "now the Lord iaidiflito Abraham, get thee
I out of thy country, Vnd from thy kindred
and Irom tbv fatheri house, unto a and
I .... . 1 -
I that 1 will show tbetv
I "And I will makeaf ihee'a neat nation
L n -n n .1 L . 0 .
i ana i win nies inte ana make thy name
w c " w. - w..im.i.,.
I nnt nrt ihmi ahiii h hioa;nF
I And I will hl tkim il,, iU.
- l and curse tbera that curseth tl;ec, and in
I thee shall all the fimilies of the earth be
I bl. sseJ" Gen. 1-2 1. ,
I 2 But Abraham anced hu trained aer.
I vauts, and when Abiahnm heard that h
I vsuia. and when Abiaham heard that
I brother was taken cayive, he armed his
I trained servants, born in his own house,"
I c i.. .l . i v l
ouici ujeio uiusi uave uctii niuin con-
liii 1 - cr 1 . I i .
i ujence auu auecuon Deiween Aurunaai anu
I hii servants. If the yoke of servitude had
been anywise oppressive, what a fit occas-
ion, alter their return, "from the slaughter
I ol ohedoilaomer and ol the rvmss. when
j honored by the King of Sodom, whs went
jontto meet him ' and ale by "Mefchese.
dek King of Salem, priest of tin most
I k!..l. ',.l't.,V. K..nvkt . . 1 . I. I .
. ,K1I vjltu wiiu uivukiji iuiui uicu auu
I uin." f rafr.-li I k.m . .1 n.litta v . 1 ..
I VI IliO W ICIIVdU tllCUJ, BIIU f II 1 113 M VVC1 V
I l"l , - I'
ling tus oiesaing, wnue covereu wun never
fading laurels from the field of j battle,
we say, what a particular chm b turn
I their arms in defence f''tiwn batural
I rights and obtain liberty' No mCtive of
I dial kind seems to enter their mind A bra
ham is treated not only as a masttr, but
I rather as a father, a teacher, and a sover-
I These servants were "Trained" savants.
I Tkm ...r. ..rti.nl. ik.i k.J kp.n rifrlit
. .. v. ..-..- ......
m auu jiwiimmm hi .iiv li iuvilmvo km ikii
..7 . .1 JMifMjl.jf ir. (Via nrmri. .1.. ,1 r. I .
Kill, UUI WOIII B1BVC BlulO 111 CU30 ul war 1U
- . 1 L.. . : r :
niakimr. a call on the militia would order
out the slaves? If armed" fike Abmham's
. . 1.1 . ik0., k. ....... 1.
If... III. ,in,.ninmnn llilr. In
iui liuciii; it 10 uu uiii.uiiiuiuii -'
ik. umiiK fnr minim. In irn srm.l fnr L.r n(
.41 u ovuui IV. ...U.V. 9 .V V w. .w. .v ... VI
slaves, and I know of a man nt hfty
miles off, who goes armed amoig his
negroes and whose bed room is a strong
battery. But this is not a single case in
Kentucky; many act thus in self defence
here, as well as in the cotton fie lis and
sugar farms of the south. Two great faults
grow out of modern slavery without which
it canuot endure. 1st. they must be raised
up and kept in ignorance. The customs.
usages and laws of the slave states are de
cidedly against or unfavorable totheir being
trained tn religion. Jnd. severity is forced
on the masters. These two facts, ignorance
and severity, which are practical elements
of the system make it most objectionable
tud t Mtioui question, and which has no
parallel in Abraham.
6 Again it seems very probable, that the
relation of Abraham's servants to him was
two-fold. 1st his servants; as an individual
master. 2nd his servants as a chief or
jt - r a . i a
prince, oee uen. u. n, mat jiamre.
Lsthol and Aner were confederates with
Abram." Also these confederates were in
the war with Chedorlaomer and his allies.
Dr. Scott thinksahat these confederates
were -'chiefs," with whom Abraham form
ed an alliance for mutual defence, and per-
aps proselyted to bis reform.
It may be objected that there is no men-
ion of the number of men for the cam-
paign lurmshed by these coniederates or
hiefs? When Abraham and Lot came
it of Fgypt, after iheir sojourn, there is
no mention ot men servants or nerameu
until after their new settlement in Canaan.
t is the style of histori li include subjects
nder the name and acts of their Prince.
f these confederates were hiefs, why not
Such was the growing wealth, the in
crease of the "flocks and herds,' herdioen
or servants of Abraham and Lot, "that the
and wan not able to bear tbem, that they
might dwell together, for their substance
was great, so that they could not dwell to
" I hen Lot chose him all the plain oi
a. a a. . a
Jordan and Abraham removed his tent
and came and dwelt in the plain of Mamrt,
which is Hebron.
Lot was the father and founder of Moab;
and Abraham cf Israel; and each respec
tively being the had and representative
of a large family, or numerous families
constituting a clan or tribe, were nations
n embryo. That Abraham was so con
sidered, hear what the sons of Heth, a
tribe, say of him, when contracting Tor
"the Cave of Machpelah for "a burying
lace. And the children of Iletli an
swered Abraham, saying unto him: "Hear
us my Lord; thou art a mighty I'rince
among us; in the choice cf our aepulchres
bury thy dead, Gen. tS-d. Jacob also
. r . i r . .
by the Angel oi me oveuam, was nui
only pronounced, ''a Prince" as having
power with uod; but "tcuvi men.
Gen. 32-28. -
Now the promise of the Messiah made
to Adam, was translated toSelh; from Seth
to Shcm; from Shem to Eber; and from
K.Kar tn Abraham. Here it waa enlarged
n covenant by the promise of the land of
Canaan. Chedoi aomer was the son ol
Elam en 1 grand son of Shem, and heir ap
parent to the land of Canaan, according to
I . - m-mft lit
Noah s prophecy. When ne naa conquer
ed the Kings east and west of Jordan and
Abraham conquered him: what Abram
had by promise, he now has by victery
And Melcheredek, King of Salem, (the
ancient name of Jerusalem) "sees the dts
pensation of Go! and his devolving the
land by so special a Providence on Abram;
and therefore he meets him, in his return
with bread and wine, as a King, and with
a blessing as a Priest; and passeth the
possession of the land, and ot the blessing
ISO then we oenoia Aoranara wiiu ma
servants, or subjects, not only clad in the
dignity of father, master, founder and con.
.11.1 -IT .-f
. i .ii ii l :.l
oueror. but he wears tne namumenui oi
Prince in possesuton oi Canaan Dy promise
and victory, whose ultimate limits extend
. . s r". a .
from the river of Egypt to the great Eu
Amidst the splendor and moral bearing
of such facts, standing out in bold relief on
the chronicles of inspiration, how can the
lave holder apply the flattering unction to
his conscience by exalting himself to the
pinnacle of comporiaon arid parallel with
ER 8, 1849.
ztt, Abraham? ' & rvant
Mir. Cea Gen. 3-2-3. Can
alave holder in . T"- ky maka
uis t hair compa the laws
andV appertaining to .y? Such
a principle would overturn"-ue aysiem.
Not t o with Abrahajn. in accordance with
his system Eleazer became his heir when
he bad no child.
5. But Abraham circumcised hi ser
vants, by which they had the s-l r?;
covenant, the promuJthat J rfou
be their God, and they wt. --eciallv
trained in the true religion by Abraham '
This seems to have been the main' .
why Abraham had servant. The RevT Air.
Smiley, a distinguished and highly respec
table Presbyterian preacher of MlasissiDDi.
acknowledges that "three-fo..h3 or all the
Methodists, piscopaliari8, Baptists and
rain. bee olanchardand luce a Debit ,
page 43. . r - -
1 be object of having slave, f JA
will admit, ia for gain: how. i ,'will
American slavery compare with the rJ'
t). But Abraham married bia servant
lagar. See Gen. 161 1. I have
never heard of a master marrying his slav.
in our land. Such a de" X -
rolling to the taste of r
pie; wun an our enlightenment, r
concubine and mulatto children a' -uaer
common! , J
7. But even granting for the , f argu
ment that Abraham h wrv rand that
itis aomewhat "0-.us r slavery:
the hypothe. radically Jeficient ; be
cause the doctrine of ser-jde was repealed
by the seven year law iJ the law of Jubi-
ee ; the former referring to the Hebrews,
and the latter to Hebrews and Heathen.
See Ex. 21110; Lev. 25810.
From UmH.V. Kvcutnf PuaL
The following paper, written with the
foreca.it and comprehensiveness of an expe
rienced statesman; apjiears in the Hartford
licpublfcan. It is piobably from the pen
Ex Senator Niles. Whoever maybe
s author, it certainly presents tome of the
moot statesmanlike views of the future com
merce of this continent, which havelfound
their way into print, and we hope iu length
will not deter any of our readers from giv-
ng it a careful perusal:
!w bra la tba Irada af iha A erlcaa
For two centuries, ihe settlements on
lis continent were colonies of the different
powers of Europe. Their trade was con-
olled by the colonial system, originating
-. i i i i ir r . i
with tne seinsn ana narrow policy oi lue
parent countriea. This policy aimed at
securing to each Euiopean country the ex.
elusive benefit of the trade with their colo
nies. They were either restricted entirely
to a txado with the parent country, at such
discriminauons made in favor of that trade
as to nearly exclude all liade with other
countries. The interet of the colonies was
almost entirely disregarded in this policy.
The system of Spain was more rigid than
lhat of any other European country, a? the
trade with her colonies was a govt rument
monooly which not only excluded all
other countries from participating in it, but
excluded the colonics also. The trade was
confined to certain ports where the annual
fltets of galleons exchanged the products of
Spam and other European countries, ror
the products of the mines and other colonial
exports. In this trade the colonies had no
shaie, and henc it is lhat since their inde
pendence they have exhibited so little ca
pacity lor commercial enterprise
r tl. ..,: nr,A : i...rv!.
The separation and independence of the
British American colonies gave the first
blow to this colonial sys.em, which render
ed this entire continent tributary to Europe.
The great event the greatest in its Con
sequences lhat the civil history of the world
records, raised up one independent power
in America whose trade was no longer con
trolled by Europe. But after Britain had
been compelled to relinquish her political
dominion over these Siates, she did not
abandon her scheme of controlling and
rrmnlmir their trade. That with her West
" rr- c- - . .....
ndia colonies, -hrturjectea to sucn restnc
lions, as nearly anninuaieu ii; anu as o
hflllirarant nower in the continental war
which soon after arose, she enforced such
restrictions upon neutrals, as was calculated
to deprive them ot the advantages wnicn
they might have enjoyed as carriers for the
continental powers engaged in the war.
These regulations operated mainly against
the United States, then almost the only
neutral power, possessing any commerce
But the navigation act of 1789, revived
our trade, and it has gone on increasing,
until it is second only to that of Great
Britain herself, and it is destined at no dis
tant day to exceed hers.
But the independence ot me cpanisa
American coloniee has not, as yet, redeemed
their trade from European control. So far
as their commerce is concerned, they have
. . I -a I
remained in a great degree European colo
nies. Without the habits or capacity for
trade, and wholly destitute of manufactures,
their dependence on turope has continued;
and with little to ex (tort but the product of
the mines, the monopoly of their trade has
been enjoyed by Europe, and principally
by England. What she lost commercially
by the independence of her own colonies.
she has sought to regain in the monopoly ol
the trade of the Spanish American republics
All of these States became early indebted
to British subjects, and many of their credi
tors obtained mortgages ol the best of the
mines, and finally the control and working
of them. No effort has been spared by
England to secure, as far as possible, the
monopoly of the trade oi these countries.
She has obtained treaties with Mexico, and
other of these States, giving her advantages
in commerce over other foreign countnee,
She feared no other rival in this trade but
the United States: and there is no reason
to doubt that the hostile feeling in Mexico
and otner oi meae oiaies, against me ciu
zens and government of the United States,
was mainly instigated by British subjects
and agents of that government. , !
And at the same time that England was
steadily pursuing this policy of excluding us
from all participation in the trade .with the
independent countries on this continent, our
own government was extremely negiecuu
of our commercial interests with them
The diplomatic and consular agents, tent
uv wnri man f limn
lis ccz- J. intero-u of i
cooiiuy. These apintmenu were
stowed on political aapicits who cc'
otherwise be ?: ;d of whom it
dared to true i station at'
sufficieut emultt pc
meet their ow- . ( f
With a-ich re -.ea of (
it was not surp!i.g that Gtee t .
:ndd decided commercial r r.
)' With some cf thes
m lar bly
-osed heav J.a -
with -which thr
ties. This wa? '
whilst her 1
. j mew u
posed twenty J cenit
arely cut r"r tia. l-or several yeas
we heJ t trading witk .New
Grer nad to sail under the
Us f with a nominal New
? hilst the real master
r t,of tl,e United
itota these cauv v trade we for
,me enjoyed with the.
couiitxies, declined -until it
-until it became nearly
jai;n-t. With Columbia and Mexico, we
f aa - 1
. , ne period eonaiaeiaoie traae; wun
the latter it once amounted to nine oi ten
million, and et before the late war, il
had dwindled down to about two millions;
and that with the States once farming the
Republic of Columbia, had t ecome a mere
We wen the firt Ij acknowledge the
independence of these couLtiies. and to
cheer them on in their struggles for liberty
and independence. Indeed, we did much
more than this: at. an early period in that
struggle, when there was reason to fear lhat
the "holy alliance" would aid Spain lo re
conquer her revolted colonies, our govern
ment boldly stepped forward, and declared
to all Europe that the United States would
not suffer any European power to interfere
in the political concerns of this continent,
nor admit of any farther colonization upon
it. And a proposition was made to Con-
i i 1 I
gresa, supporiea oy .vir. uiay, io pieue
the government lo go much urther, and ot
fer dutct and efficient aid to these Spanish
American States in their struggles for inde
it i .i !
As a sister republic, ana tne oniy inde
pendent power on this continent, having
thus early interested ourselves in their wel
fare, and being three thousand miles nearer
to them, than the countries of Europe, it
was natural to have supposed that we
hould have shared veiy largtly in their
But the artful management of Great Bri
tain and the negligence of our own gov ern
ment deprived us ot that advantage, which
seemed justly due to our position and our
early friendship manifested toward them.
But a new commercial era has dawned.
which will give to the united Slates her
ust, and indeed, a large share of the traed
f the independent countriea in this hemis
phere and of the colonies still held by Eu
V anous causes have occurred to bring
about this auspicious result. Among these
causes, the more important are, the relaxa
tion of the colonial system, the introduc
tion of steam navigation, ihe treaty conclu
ded with Grenada two years rince, securing
us important commercial advantages,
and the right of way across the Isthmus,
and the late war with Mexico, which has
caused us to te respected by all the States
on this continent, and secured to us a fa
vorable commercial treaty and extensive
possessions on the Pacific coast.
Our interests are now intimately con
nected with the Spanish American coun
tries as well as on the Gulf. The line of
steamers from New York to Cnagres, aod
rora Panama to San r rancisco, is among
ihe first fruits of some of the causes named.
And from this line of steamers is to result a
railroad, by an An.erican company, across
the Isthmus, which cannot fail of turning
the whole trade of the countries on the Pa
cific aide, with the United States and Eu
rope, through this new channel. The use
of steam navigation gives important advan
tages in the trade with the veM India Is-
and! and the South American KepuMics,
to the United States, over any European
country. ve now can make a voyage to
the Wel India Islands, or to Chagrea or
Carthagena, in eight day s, whilst the British
steamers are thirty days Irom Liverpool
to Jamaica, and six days more in touching
at several porta on the Spanish mum.
Passengers from South American States
hitherto have taken the British steamers at
Santa Martha, Carthagena, or San Juan,
and have gone to Jamaica and Bermuda,
rendering the voyage circuitous and pro
tracted. 1 ney can now take the American
steamers at Chagrea, and be in New York
in eight days, and in ten more, by our own
or the British steamers, be in Lngland,
Eighteen or twenty days ia all that is re
quired for a voyage to Europe, by this
route, whereas more than thirty are required
by the Baush West India steamers. In
a little article in the London Standard, it
was admitted lhat the passage to Europe
could be made via New York, iu thirteen
days less time than in the British Wett India
steamers. The Standard conceded that
the route via New York possessed such su
perior advantages, even from their own is
lands, and that their West India line of
steamers, would have to be abandoned.
The merchants and other citizens of
South America are about just beginning to
become acquainted with the superior ad
vantages of this route to Europe. The
only difficulty nuw is, the want of facilities
of getting to Chagrea; but there can be no
doubt that our steamers will soon find it for
their interest, to go to Santa Martha and
There are already two linerot steamers
from New York to Chagrea, affording fa
cilities never dreamed of a few vears since.
of communication with New York to the
South American States, on the Atlantic;
and when the Isthmus railroad ia comple
ted, the advantage to the countries on the
Pacific side will be vastly greater. Pans-
I ma will be within nine days of New York;
and Panama will once more become the
centre of the trade of the countriea on the
Pacific aide of South America. As the
citizer s of the Uaited States will become
,corae its agent and facu.s
- iU soon be, so far aa ia v
ia ccocered, an American fJ Th
-a will b true of Chagreti c x point
-ere this trade ia conducted cl V Allan.
u) r With tha right of way across) lha Lsth.
; I mas, wa have aaaamad the obligation of its
-li'-r-vce, to that tha United Siaiaa will tw
-a tituUuntially in poaaeasion of the whole
over JlAhmus of Panama, tha great thorocghlax
l ( i ma coroxMrc between ihm two octaxx
r With such facilities of commanicatioa
,vilh New York. ODeneio tha
1 1 oth on the Atlantic and Pan
South America, nothing can pr
ac Blue oi
c - i . r
"nmmcJ Uftiaila f mm : .1... ,
ciai emporium. v by should
tries import their goods from Lit
when they can get them from New
ia ihifd aW a Ibbb mm
But the receiving of their European goods
through New lork, will not be the only
nor the greatest advantage to the United
New York becoming tfte centre of their
trade, they will soon receive a potion of
their necessary supplies in the manufacture
of the United States. They are already
obtaining their steam teasels, engines acd
machinery from this country. 'Ike arts
and manufactures can hardly be said to have
any existence in the Spanish American re
publics. They mual loog be dependent cn
some foreign country for the product of
the mechanic and maxufactuier, even for
the common necessaries ot life. Most of
these we csn Supply, as gooJ in quaity and
s-, 1 iu puce as can te obtained in Eng
land. The facility, thet, of obtauoinj them
here, will give us the preference
The passage acroae the Isthmus of so
many of our citizens, which our Pacific
possessions have already occaaioeed, and
which must always be great, must oeevsa.
ly occasion, an intercourse unnon be
fore, between our citizens and ti.o of"
South America. Thia intercourse, ind the
trade with other point., will make oit citi
zens acquainted 'with tha advatitats and
icsources of these countries, not only for
trade, but for enterprise in mining, g7icul-
uie and internal navigation and railroads.
Already several companies in the United
tales have obtained chaiteia or contracts
for the exclusive navigation by earn of
some of their large rivers. These coun
tries lying within the tropics, have -si cat.
ural resources, which are as yet wholly un
touched. From the total want of roads, or
any other facilities of communicauur., the
vast ualuial resources of the interior, even
a short distance from the coast, are render.
ed worthless. The lores: of tnose coun
tries are of immense value, but their pro
ducts can cot now be got to markeu They
contain valuable wood for dying, as well
as for cabinet work. The India-rubber
tree abouxd extensively on the lukvua and
other parts of New Grenada, the gjai of
which has becotce an extensive arucle or
commerce. lco, or ihe lruit ol the
chocolate tree, may be obtained
dance, so us to b i o;ne an
of commerce. Cotton and tobacco . an be
produced there with facility, and of tr e best
qoality. vv hen enur-nse sad capital are
brought into rtquisi.oo, the exports of
these countries would be increased a thou
Enterprise, capita!, and internal commu
nications by avtamboais or railroads, is all
that is wanted to develops their isl re
sources. The two first, the Spanih popu-
ilion d i not possess, and there "ore. th-y
c.uinot sjpply the last. Labor is abuiJai.t.
and at the lowest rate, the naLve, who miy
be trained to be good laborer-, work for
t!.irty cents p. r day at Caithstnis, aod si
boguta and in the interior, they ran De
hired, it is said, for one shilling jr ay.
This labor with mind and capital todiiect
it, would produce ia poitant rsul j; crea
ting wealth at home, and supplying the ele
ments of an extensive foreign trad. But
l)e Spanish popu.ation have r.either the
mind nor the capital. The la'-or. u.eiefoff.
is useless, and the resources of the country
But it seems the order of Providence.
that the citizens of the United Su should
be the instrument of opening the irsources
of South America by their geni'is enter
prise and capital, having already raised the
Northern division of this continent to rank
among the greater nations of ihe ear.h.
e have recently conquered one ot these
States with ur arms; but our tree destiny
is lo extend our dominion oter them ail.
by our aits and cr civilisation. Is it cot
in the purpose of Providence, the minion
of the first great, free, and christian people
on this continent, to spread the blessings cf
freedom, of a higher civilizaiian, of the aits
and of commerce, over the whole Western
hemisphere? The conquests of arms have
spread violence and oppress n over the
aarth; whilst the conquests ol counnerie
and the arts have canted with them wealth
By the use of steam vessels, our com
merce with the R est India Islands acd the
South American republics on tbe Atiantic
will become like our coasting trade. The
voyage will not only be made in a few day,
but be exempt from the uncer ainties ant?
delays of sailing vessels. This will aduii'.
of an exchange of vegetables, fruits, ami
perishable articles, which car not be safely
exported from either country to t'.e other,
when the voyage, by unfavorable wadiet.
may be protracted tor twenty or thiity days.
Tb 8 must gTeatly increase the trade be
tween the United States and those tropical
countries, and advance the interests cf
A tew years must produce a great aol
gratify ing change in our trade with all the
countries on this continent, and increase
our exports, both of the products of the so J
and our workshops, Deyond wnat any ose
ean now well conceive. Aod this inter
course must be every way highly beocllciil
to the prosperity and progress of the Staus
ad Colonies in txis bemupcere. now
far behind us in the arts, in enterprise, aisj
rprovements of every kind, which iUiv-
guish the present sge.
"Whatever is bigtaeat sac holiest is tii g-
ed with melancholy. The eye of fentua
his always a plaintive expression, and its
nttal language is paihos, A propoet a
sadder ihsn ether man; and ha who pes
greater then ell prophets, was st 1 el"
sorrow-and cr d i r-'-i." " -
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